keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

induction of abortion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630466/comparative-effectiveness-of-9-ovulation-induction-therapies-in-patients-with-clomiphene-citrate-resistant-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-network-meta-analysis
#1
Yiping Yu, Lanlan Fang, Ruizhe Zhang, Jingyan He, Yujing Xiong, Xiaoyi Guo, Qingyun Du, Yan Huang, Yingpu Sun
The comparative efficacies of ovulation-induction treatments in patients with clomiphene citrate-resistant (CCR) polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are not well known. Therefore, we conducted a network meta-analysis to rank the reproductive efficacies of these treatments. We ultimately included 26 randomized clinical trials with 2722 participants and 9 types of therapies: clomiphene citrate (CC), metformin, letrozole, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG), unilateral laparoscopic ovarian drilling (ULOD), bilateral laparoscopic ovarian drilling (BLOD), the combination of metformin with letrozole (metformin+letrozole), and the combination of metformin with CC (metformin+CC)...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604842/to-be-or-not-to-be-referred-a-qualitative-study-of-women-from-burma-s-access-to-legal-abortion-care-in-thailand
#2
Grady Arnott, Eh Tho, Niru Guroong, Angel M Foster
BACKGROUND: Reproductive health outcomes among women from Burma who live along the Thailand-Burma border demonstrate an unmet need for access to safe abortion services. In 2014, a multi-national team launched a collaborative three-year initiative to expand a program that refers eligible women for safe and legal abortion care to government Thai hospitals in Tak province, Thailand. METHODS: Over a six-month period we conducted 14 in-depth open-ended interviews with women from Burma who were referred through the program or denied a wanted abortion after being deemed ineligible for referral by staff at the participating clinic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598116/-optimal-ovulation-induction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-resistant-to-clomiphene-citrate-or-letrozole
#3
Ying Chen, Dan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the optimal ovulation induction with the combination of combining letrozole(LE),clomiphene citrate (CC),and human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) in polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS) patients resistant to CC or LE. METHODS: Two hundreds nine PCOS patients (209 cycles) resistant to CC or LE were randomly divided into three groups: CC+HMG group (59 cycles),LE+HMG group (72 cycles) and LE+CC group (78 cycles).The patients in LE+CC group unable to form the dominant follicle after 54 cycles were enrolled into LE+CC+HMG group...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596580/flower-induction-microscope-aided-cross-pollination-and-seed-production-in-the-duckweed-lemna-gibba-with-discovery-of-a-male-sterile-clone
#4
Lili Fu, Meng Huang, Bingying Han, Xuepiao Sun, K Sowjanya Sree, Klaus-J Appenroth, Jiaming Zhang
Duckweed species have a great potential to develop into fast-growing crops for water remediation and bioenergy production. Seed production and utilization of hybrid vigour are essential steps in this process. However, even in the extensively-studied duckweed species, Lemna gibba, flower primordia were often aborted prior to maturation. Salicylic acid (SA) and agar solidification of the medium promoted flower maturation and resulted in high flowering rates in L. gibba 7741 and 5504. Artificial cross-pollination between individuals of L...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585710/comparison-of-complications-associated-with-induction-by-misoprostol-versus-dilation-and-evacuation-for-second-trimester-abortion
#5
Sarita Sonalkar, Shannon N Ogden, Linda Tran, Angela Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency of complications between medical induction with misoprostol and dilation and evacuation (D&E) for second-trimester uterine evacuation. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, records were reviewed from all women who underwent second-trimester uterine evacuation between 14 and 24 weeks of pregnancy at an academic hospital in the USA from January 2007 to December 2008. Total complications and serious complications were compared between medical induction and D&E, and clinical covariates associated with complications were assessed...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557652/comparison-of-clomiphene-citrate-and-letrozole-for-ovulation-induction-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#6
Chang Liu, Guimei Feng, Wei Huang, Qiuyi Wang, Shiyuan Yang, Jing Tan, Jing Fu, Dong Liu
To compare the therapeutic efficacy of clomiphene citrate (CC) and letrozole (LE) on ovulation, pregnancy, and live birth in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS); and to ensure if LE can replace CC as the first-line therapy for ovulation induction in these women. This is a prospectively, randomized, controlled trial in the tertiary hospital. Two-hundred and sixty-eight anovulatory PCOS patients were treated by CC or CC plus metformin and LE or LE plus metformin for three continuous cycles or conception; their ovulation rates, pregnancy rates, and live birth rates were calculated and compared...
May 30, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551840/pregnancy-after-endometrial-scratching-in-infertile-couples-undergoing-ovulation-induction-and-intrauterine-insemination-cycles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Tuhina Goel, Reeta Mahey, Neerja Bhatla, Mani Kalaivani, Sangeeta Pant, Alka Kriplani
PURPOSE: To study the effect of endometrial scratching in infertile couples undergoing ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India. One hundred forty-four women with primary/secondary infertility were recruited. Couples were either unexplained or male factor infertility. Subjects were randomized into intervention (scratching) and control group...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539276/-expectant-therapy-versus-curettage-for-retained-products-of-conception-after-second-trimester-termination-of-pregnancy-analysis-of-outcomes-and-complications
#8
Wen-Juan Zeng, Sheng-Li An, Hao Huang, Qi-Tao Huang, Fei-Feng Li, Hai-Zhen Wang, Dan-Chun Cai, Yun-Fei Gao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognosis and complications of expectant therapy and curettage for retained product of conception (RPOC) after second trimester termination of pregnancy (TOP). METHODS: A total of 270 patients with RPOC following second trimester TOP in Nanfang Hospital between January, 2014 and December, 2015 were included in this study. The duration of vaginal bleeding time and menstruation recovery interval were compared between patients receiving expectant therapy and curettage for RPOC, and binary logistic regression was used to assess the risk factors for complications in bivariate and multivariate analyses...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462399/can-letrozole-plus-hmg-protocol-improve-pregnancy-outcomes-in-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-an-rct
#9
Ashraf Aleyasin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Leili Safdarian, Maryam Noorzadeh, Parvin Fallahi, Zahra Rezaeian, Sedighe Hoseinimosa
BACKGROUND: There are different methods in endometrial preparation for frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the live birth rate in the artificial FET protocol (estradiol/ progesterone with GnRH-agonist) with stimulated cycle FET protocol (letrozole plus HMG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial included 100 women (18-42 years) randomly assigned to two groups based on Bernoulli distribution...
February 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461878/clinical-audit-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#10
Alaa Aldin Abdel Hamid, Almraghy Yousry, Safwat Abd El Radi, Omar Mamdouh Shabaan, Elzahry Mazen, Halal Nabil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of ectopic pregnancy in cases presented to the Woman's Health Hospital (WHH) in Assuit University, and to perform clinical audit on strategies for management of ectopic pregnancy in the WHH. METHODS: This descriptive hospital based study was conducted at the Woman's Health Hospital (WHH) of Assuit University (Egypt). There were 210 patients who were admitted to the WHH with the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the period between February 1, 2015 through the end of October 2015...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444176/-j-waves-induced-after-short-coupling-intervals-a-manifestations-of-latent-depolarization-abnormality
#11
Yoshifusa Aizawa, Masafumi Nakayama, Masahito Sato, Masaaki Okabe, Yoshiyasu Aizawa, Seiji Takatsuki, Keiichi Fukuda
Aims: To confirm the presence of tachycardia-induced slur or notch in the terminal portion of the QRS complexes in a general patient population. Methods and results: A tachycardia-induced J wave was defined as a slur or notch in the terminal portion of the QRS complexes newly induced at short RR intervals during atrial premature contractions (APCs) or atrial electrical stimulation in the electrophysiological study (EPS). Twenty-three out of 2000 patients with general diseases were involved...
April 24, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397981/a-randomized-trial-of-local-endometrial-injury-during-ovulation-induction-cycles
#12
Medhat E E Helmy, Mohammad A Maher, Nabih I Elkhouly, Mahmoud Ramzy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of endometrial injury on pregnancy outcomes among infertile women taking clomifene citrate. METHODS: A prospective randomized trial was undertaken at an Egyptian hospital between January 26, 2015, and July 17, 2016. Eligible women (≥1 year primary/secondary/unexplained infertility, aged 20-35 years, day-2 follicle-stimulating hormone <12 IU/L, normal prolactin/thyroid function/uterine cavity, ≥1 patent tube, male partner with normal semen count and motility, 3 cycles of clomifene citrate without success) were randomly allocated (1:1) using computer-generated numbers into intervention (received endometrial injury on cycle day 15-24) or control groups (sham procedure)...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394550/refractory-bradycardia-a-rare-complication-of-carboprost-tromethamine-for-induction-of-abortion
#13
Jasna Čerkez Habek, Dubravko Habek, Dario Gulin
We report a first case of refractory several-hour sinus bradycardia, a rare but already described side effect of intramuscular administration of carboprost tromethamine to induce abortion for medical indication in a patient without cardiovascular and other diseases. After administration of atropine sulfate 3x0.5 mg intravenously without effect, the patient‘s sinus rhythm spontaneously normalized as carboprost was eliminated from the body (it has a 3-hour half-life). It is reasonable to believe that the specific prostaglandin underlay the etiology of bradycardia...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394463/barriers-to-abortion-care-and-their-consequences-for-patients-traveling-for-services-qualitative-findings-from-two-states
#14
Jenna Jerman, Lori Frohwirth, Megan L Kavanaugh, Nakeisha Blades
CONTEXT: Abortion availability and accessibility vary by state. Especially in areas where services are restricted or limited, some women travel to obtain abortion services in other states. Little is known about the experience of travel to obtain abortion. METHODS: In January and February 2015, in-depth interviews were conducted with 29 patients seeking abortion services at six facilities in Michigan and New Mexico. Eligible women were 18 or older, spoke English, and had traveled either across state lines or more than 100 miles within the state...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373351/key-role-of-capsular-polysaccharide-in-the-induction-of-systemic-infection-and-abortion-by-hypervirulent-campylobacter-jejuni
#15
Orhan Sahin, Samantha A Terhorst, Eric R Burrough, Zhangqi Shen, Zuowei Wu, Lei Dai, Yizhi Tang, Paul J Plummer, Ju Ji, Michael J Yaeger, Qijing Zhang
Campylobacter jejuni is a zoonotic pathogen, and a hypervirulent clone, named clone SA, has recently emerged as the predominant cause of ovine abortion in the United States. To induce abortion, orally ingested Campylobacter must translocate across the intestinal epithelium, spread systemically in the circulation, and reach the fetoplacental tissue. Bacterial factors involved in these steps are not well understood. C. jejuni is known to produce capsular polysaccharide (CPS), but the specific role that CPS plays in systemic infection and particularly abortion in animals remains to be determined...
June 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337825/expression-of-twist-in-the-first-trimester-trophoblast-and-decidual-tissue-of-women-with-recurrent-pregnancy-losses
#16
Jin Hee Ahn, Hye Ran Park, Chan-Woo Park, Dong-Wook Park, Joanne Kwak-Kim
PROBLEM: In this study, we aim to investigate if the expression of TWIST in the first-trimester placenta and decidua has any association with spontaneous abortion (SAB) and recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL). METHODS: Expression of TWIST was measured in the first-trimester trophoblast and decidual tissues using RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Women with a pregnancy loss comprised the study group (AB group) including women with two or more recurrent pregnancy loses (RPL group), and women with a spontaneous abortion who had no history of previous pregnancy losses (SAB group)...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326648/changes-in-expression-of-the-cd200-tolerance-signaling-molecule-and-its-receptor-cd200r-by-villus-trophoblasts-during-first-trimester-missed-abortion-and-in-chronic-histiocytic-intervillositis
#17
David A Clark, Jennifer M Dmetrichuk, Elizabeth McCready, Sukhbinder Dhesy-Thind, Jorge L Arredondo
PROBLEM: Expression of CD200 at the feto-maternal interface is associated with successful murine and human pregnancy. CD200 binding to CD200 receptors on lymphomyeloid cells suppresses inflammation and induces Tregs. CD200 receptors are also expressed on mouse and human placental trophoblast cells. What is the expression of CD200 and CD200R in human missed abortions which have preserved Treg levels and in chronic histiocytic intervillositis (CHI) where maternal inflammatory cells cause IUGR? METHODS: Immunohistiochemistry for CD200, CD200R, and Ki67 using human placental sections from missed abortions, term placenta, and CHI...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315926/dissection-of-a-major-qtl-qhir1-conferring-maternal-haploid-induction-ability-in-maize
#18
Sudha K Nair, Willem Molenaar, Albrecht E Melchinger, Prasanna M Boddupalli, Leocadio Martinez, Luis Antonio Lopez, Vijay Chaikam
Among the qhir11 and qhir12 sub-regions of a major QTL qhir1, only qhir11 has significant effect on maternal haploid induction, segregation distortion and kernel abortion. In vivo haploid induction in maize can be triggered in high frequencies by pollination with special genetic stocks called haploid inducers. Several genetic studies with segregating populations from non-inducer x inducer crosses identified a major QTL, qhir1, on chromosome 1.04 contributing to in vivo haploid induction. A recent Genome Wide Association Study using 51 inducers and 1482 non-inducers also identified two sub-regions within the qhir1 QTL region, named qhir11 and qhir12; qhir12 was proposed to be mandatory for haploid induction because the haplotype of qhir11 was also present in some non-inducers and putative candidate genes coding for DNA and amino acid binding proteins were identified in the qhir12 region...
June 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298904/rna-primer-extension-hinders-dna-synthesis-by-escherichia-coli-mutagenic-dna-polymerase-iv
#19
Tommy F Tashjian, Ida Lin, Verena Belt, Tiziana M Cafarelli, Veronica G Godoy
In Escherichia coli the highly conserved DNA damage regulated dinB gene encodes DNA Polymerase IV (DinB), an error prone specialized DNA polymerase with a central role in stress-induced mutagenesis. Since DinB is the DNA polymerase with the highest intracellular concentrations upon induction of the SOS response, further regulation must exist to maintain genomic stability. Remarkably, we find that DinB DNA synthesis is inherently poor when using an RNA primer compared to a DNA primer, while high fidelity DNA polymerases are known to have no primer preference...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282779/sequential-use-of-foley-catheter-with-misoprostol-for-second-trimester-pregnancy-termination-in-women-with-and-without-caesarean-scars-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Melih Velipasaoglu, Cem Yagmur Ozdemir, Burcu Ozek, Reyhan Ayaz, Huseyin Mete Tanir
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of misoprostol and Foley catheter in second trimester termination in women with and without caesarean section (CS) scars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women with an indication for pregnancy termination between 14 and 22 completed weeks of gestation were included to the study. Enrolled women were allocated into three groups: (1) women with no history of CS, (2) women with one CS and (3) women with ≥2 CS...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
89940
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"