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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917246/protective-effect-of-tadalafil-and-verapamil-on-testicular-function-and-oxidative-stress-after-torsion-detorsion-in-adult-male-rat
#1
Mojtaba Ameli, Mohaddeseh Sadat Hashemi, Maryam Moghimian, Majid Shokoohi
OBJECTIVE: This study used a rat model to investigate the protective effect of tadalafil and verapamil on testicular function and oxidative stress after torsion/detorsion. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Animals were randomly divided into five groups: G1, Sham group; G2, testicular torsion followed by detorsion (TD); G3, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/4 mg/kg of tadalafil (TDT); G4, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/1 mg/kg of verapamil (TDV); and G5, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/1 mg/kg of verapamil and 0/4 mg/kg of tadalafil (TDTV)...
June 19, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917099/the-effect-of-raw-and-fermented-rapeseed-cake-on-the-metabolic-parameters-immune-status-and-intestinal-morphology-of-turkeys
#2
Aleksandra Drazbo, Katarzyna Ognik, Anita Zaworska, Karolina Ferenc, Jan Jankowski
This study evaluated the effects of including 15% of raw or fermented rapeseed cake (RRC and FRC, respectively) in turkey diets on the growth performance, antioxidant and immune status, and intestinal morphology of birds. Rapeseed cake was fermented using the commercial 6-phytase enzyme preparation, and dried. A total of 1,350 day-old female Hybrid Converter turkeys were randomly allocated to 3 dietary treatments with 9 replicates per treatment and 50 birds per replicate. All diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric, and contained various protein sources...
June 15, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916766/early-life-displacement-due-to-armed-conflict-and-violence-early-nutrition-and-older-adult-hypertension-diabetes-and-obesity-in-the-middle-income-country-of-colombia
#3
Mary McEniry, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Carmen Elisa Flórez, Carlos Cano-Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE: We examine the importance of early life displacement and nutrition on hypertension (HTN) and diabetes in older Colombian adults (60+ years) exposed to rapid demographic, epidemiological, and nutritional transitions, and armed conflict. We compare early life nutritional status and adult health in other middle- and high-income countries. METHOD: In Colombia (Survey of Health, Wellbeing and Aging [SABE]-Bogotá), we estimate the effects of early life conditions (displacement due to armed conflict and violence, hunger, low height, and not born in the capital city) and obesity on adult health; we compare the effects of low height on adult health in Mexico, South Africa (Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health [SAGE]), the United States, and England (Health and Retirement Study [HRS], English Longitudinal Study of Ageing [ELSA])...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915593/detection-of-glycan-shedding-in-the-blood-new-class-of-multiple-sclerosis-biomarkers
#4
Brian DellaValle, Alba Manresa-Arraut, Henrik Hasseldam, Allan Stensballe, Jørgen Rungby, Agnete Larsen, Casper Hempel
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a devastating autoimmune disease, afflicting people in the prime of their lives. Presently, after initial clinical presentation, there are no reliable markers for whether a patient will develop MS, or whether their prognosis will be aggressive or relapsing-remitting. Furthermore, many MS patients do not respond to treatment. Thus, markers for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment-responsiveness are lacking for a disease, where a precision medicine approach would be valuable...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915282/high-performance-solid-state-thermionic-energy-conversion-based-on-2d-van-der-waals-heterostructures-a-first-principles-study
#5
Xiaoming Wang, Mona Zebarjadi, Keivan Esfarjani
Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals heterostructures (vdWHs) have shown multiple functionalities with great potential in electronics and photovoltaics. Here, we show their potential for solid-state thermionic energy conversion and demonstrate a designing strategy towards high-performance devices. We propose two promising thermionic devices, namely, the p-type Pt-G-WSe2 -G-Pt and n-type Sc-WSe2 -MoSe2 -WSe2 -Sc. We characterize the thermionic energy conversion performance of the latter using first-principles GW calculations combined with real space Green's function (GF) formalism...
June 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914831/prevalence-of-signs-of-celiac-axis-compression-by-the-median-arcuate-ligament-on-computed-tomography-angiography-in-asymptomatic-patients
#6
Alexandre Petnys, Pedro Puech-Leão, Antonio Eduardo Zerati, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, William Carlos Nahas, Elias David Neto, Nelson De Luccia
OBJECTIVE: The increasing use of computed tomography (CT) angiography has led to more frequent diagnoses of celiac artery compression (CAC) by the median arcuate ligament (MAL). The signs of CAC by the MAL have been described as stenosis and a hook or J appearance on sagittal views. The importance of the "hook signal," however, has not been documented by studies of the normal anatomy of the celiac axis. METHODS: CT angiography images of 344 completely asymptomatic, live kidney donors (without history of chronic abdominal pain or weight loss) were reviewed...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914777/longitudinal-association-of-dietary-protein-intake-in-infancy-and-adiposity-throughout-childhood
#7
Vincent Jen, Kim V E Braun, Leonidas G Karagounis, Anh N Nguyen, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Josje D Schoufour, Oscar H Franco, Trudy Voortman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Protein intake in infancy promotes growth, but excessive intake may lead to adiposity in children. However, whether this increased adiposity persists throughout childhood and is independent of diet in later life remains unclear. Therefore, we studied the associations of total protein intake and protein from different sources at age 1 year with repeatedly measured growth and body composition up to age 10 years. Additionally, we examined whether these associations are independent of protein intake and overall diet quality at age 8 years...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914507/impact-of-tgev-infection-on-the-pig-small-intestine
#8
Lu Xia, Yunhan Yang, Jialu Wang, Yuchao Jing, Qian Yang
BACKGROUND: Pig diarrhea causes high mortality and large economic losses in the swine industry. Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) causes pig diarrhea, with 100% mortality in piglets less than 2 weeks old. No investigation has yet been made of the small intestine of piglets that survived infection by TGEV. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the impact of TGEV infection on the small intestine of recovered pigs. RESULTS: Histological analyses showed that TGEV infection led to villi atrophy, and reduced villous height and crypt depth...
June 19, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913899/percentile-normative-values-of-parameters-of-electrical-pain-and-reflex-thresholds
#9
Pasquale Scaramozzino, Alban Y Neziri, Ole K Andersen, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Michele Curatolo
Aabstract Background and purpose Central hypersensitivity, defined as an increased excitability of the central nervous system, is considered as the main factor behind facilitation of central pain processes and is probably a very important factor in the induction and maintenance of chronic pain. Widespread hyposensitivity is less studied than hypersensitivity states, but recent work indicates that hypoesthesia may be present in chronic non-neuropathic pain conditions and could have negative prognostic value...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913615/protection-of-gravel-dominated-coasts-through-wave-farms-layout-and-shoreline-evolution
#10
Cristobal Rodriguez-Delgado, Rafael J Bergillos, Miguel Ortega-Sánchez, Gregorio Iglesias
The impacts of wave farms (arrays of wave energy converters, or WECs) on the nearshore must be fully understood for wave technology to develop and thus contribute to a sustainable, carbon-free energy mix in the near future. The objective of this work is to investigate the role played by the farm layout on the wave propagation patterns leewards and the implications for longshore sediment transport (LST) and shoreline evolution on a gravel-dominated deltaic coast. Changes in wave propagation in four scenarios, corresponding to as many wave farm layouts, are computed by means of a spectral numerical model (Delft3D-WAVE) under (i) low-energy and storm conditions, and (ii) westerly and easterly waves - the two prevailing wave directions...
September 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913228/effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-cigarettes-on-anthropometrics-energy-intake-energy-expenditure-and-screen-time-in-children
#11
Jameason D Cameron, Éric Doucet, Kristi B Adamo, Mark Walker, Alessandro Tirelli, Joel D Barnes, Kaamel Hafizi, Marisa Murray, Gary S Goldfield
BACKGROUND: Maternal prenatal smoking is associated with downstream childhood obesity. Although animal research suggests reduced resting energy expenditure (REE), decreased physical activity (PA), and increased energy intake as mechanisms, these relationships are unclear in humans. The objectives were to examine the association of prenatal maternal smoking with non-volitional energy expenditure (REE and the thermic effect of feeding [TEF]), child adiposity, energy intake, free-living PA (daily light PA (LPA), daily moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), daily sedentary behavior (SB)), and screen time (television and computer/video game) in children...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913097/age-and-maturity-related-differences-in-motor-coordination-among-male-elite-youth-soccer-players
#12
Nikki Rommers, Mireille Mostaert, Lennert Goossens, Roel Vaeyens, Erik Witvrouw, Matthieu Lenoir, Eva D'Hondt
This study investigated differences in generic and soccer specific motor coordination, as well as speed and agility depending on age and maturity in elite youth soccer players (U10-U15, N = 619). Measurements included body height, body weight and sitting height to estimate age at peak height velocity (APHV); three Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder subtests (i.e. jumping sideways (JS), moving sideways (MS), balancing backwards (BB)) to assess generic motor coordination; the UGent dribbling test for soccer specific motor coordination; a 5m/30m sprint and T-test for speed and agility, respectively...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913019/association-of-obesity-or-weight-change-with-coronary-heart-disease-among-young-adults-in-south-korea
#13
Seulggie Choi, Kyuwoong Kim, Sung Min Kim, Gyeongsil Lee, Su-Min Jeong, Seong Yong Park, Yeon-Yong Kim, Joung Sik Son, Jae-Moon Yun, Sang Min Park
Importance: Previous studies have shown a U- or J-shaped association of body mass index (BMI) or change in BMI with coronary heart disease (CHD) among middle-aged and elderly adults. However, whether a similar association exists among young adults is unclear. Objective: To determine whether an association exists between BMI or BMI change with CHD among young adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based longitudinal study used data obtained by the Korean National Health Insurance Service from 2002 to 2015...
June 18, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912911/does-scale-matter-the-influence-of-three-level-spatial-scales-on-forest-bird-occurrence-in-a-tropical-landscape
#14
Tulaci Bhakti, Fernando Goulart, Cristiano Schetini de Azevedo, Yasmine Antonini
Consequences of habitat fragmentation for species occurrence are amongst the most important issues in landscape and conservation ecology. Empirical and theoretical studies have demonstrated that the total amount of habitat, patch size and connectivity have nonlinear effects on species survival on multiple spatial and temporal scales. Therefore, population models need to incorporate multiple scales, which can be extremely valuable to prioritizing conservation efforts in these changing landscapes. We tested how the amount and configuration of habitat affect understory bird species occurrence using fine to broad-scale habitat features...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912882/young-children-fail-to-generate-an-additive-ratchet-effect-in-an-open-ended-construction-task
#15
Eva Reindl, Claudio Tennie
The ratchet effect-the gradual accumulation of changes within a cultural trait beyond a level that individuals can achieve on their own-arguably rests on two key cognitive abilities: high-fidelity social learning and innovation. Researchers have started to simulate the ratchet effect in the laboratory to identify its underlying social learning mechanisms, but studies on the developmental origins of the ratchet effect remain sparse. We used the transmission chain method and a tower construction task that had previously been used with adults to investigate whether "generations" of children between 4 and 6 years were able to make a technological product that individual children could not yet achieve...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912870/differences-in-childhood-body-mass-index-between-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-and-heterosexual-female-adolescents-a-follow-back-study
#16
Kate Keenan, Kristen Wroblewski, Phoenix A Matthews, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors impact the association between sexual orientation and childhood BMI. METHODS: Participants included 2,070 late adolescents from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, of whom 233 (11.2%) identified as lesbian or bisexual and 1,837 (88.8%) as heterosexual at ages 17-20 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912857/stretch-could-reduce-hamstring-injury-risk-during-sprinting-by-right-shifting-the-length-torque-curve
#17
Mianfang Ruan, Li Li, Chen Chen, Xie Wu
Ruan, M, Li, L, Chen, C, and Wu, X. Stretch could reduce hamstring injury risk during sprinting by right shifting the length-torque curve. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-It was hypothesized that static stretch would shift the length-torque curve to the right, which may reduce the risk of muscle strain injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute effects of static stretching of hamstring (SSH) on the risk of hamstring injury during sprinting indicated by the shift of the length-torque relationship...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912724/selection-of-patients-recumbent-position-laterality-according-to-physician-handedness-bias-increases-the-success-rate-of-lumbar-puncture-a-multicenter-study
#18
Jian-Lan Zhao, Yi-Rui Sun, Qiao Shan, Zhi-Peng Xiao, Ben-Chao Hou, Jin Hu
BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture (LP) is a medical procedure required during spinal anesthesia and for obtaining cerebrospinal fluid samples in the diagnosis of neurological disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of physicians' handedness bias and the laterality of patients' recumbent position on the success rate of LPs. METHODS AND PATIENTS: A prospective multicenter study including 36 physicians (18 left-handed and 18 right-handed) and 7200 patients was conducted in 6 medical centers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912617/is-it-possible-to-voluntarily-increase-hamstring-muscle-activation-during-landing-from-a-snow-jump-in-alpine-skiing-a-pilot-study
#19
Sebastian Färber, Dieter Heinrich, Inge Werner, Peter Federolf
Activation of the hamstrings has been discussed as a measure for reducing strain on the ACL during jump landings in alpine skiing. The current study tested the hypothesis that hamstring and quadriceps activation can be voluntarily increased by the athlete. Specifically, two different instructions - to increase hamstring activation or to increase upper-leg co-contraction - were compared to normal landings. Eight members of the German national and junior national squad in freestyle skiing (age 19.6 ± 3.8 years; weight 66...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912076/short-term-plyometric-jump-training-improves-repeated-sprint-ability-in-prepuberal-male-soccer-players
#20
Yassine Negra, Helmi Chaabene, Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, Senda Sammoud, Raja Bouguezzi, Olaf Prieske, Urs Granacher
Negra, Y, Chaabene, H, Fernandez-Fernandez, J, Sammoud, S, Bouguezzi, R, Prieske, O, and Granacher, U. Short-term plyometric jump training improves repeated-sprint ability in prepuberal male soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study examined the effects of a short-term (i.e., 8 weeks) combined horizontal and vertical plyometric jump training (PJT) program in combination with regular soccer-specific training as compared with soccer-specific training only on jump and change of direction (CoD) performances, speed, and repeated-sprint ability (RSA) in prepuberal male soccer players...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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