keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

increase height

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444114/childhood-obesity-treatment-effects-on-bmi-sds-body-composition-and-fasting-plasma-lipid-concentrations
#1
Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Maria Dahl, Pernille Maria Mollerup, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm
OBJECTIVE: The body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) may not adequately reflect changes in fat mass during childhood obesity treatment. This study aimed to investigate associations between BMI SDS, body composition, and fasting plasma lipid concentrations at baseline and during childhood obesity treatment. METHODS: 876 children and adolescents (498 girls) with overweight/obesity, median age 11.2 years (range 1.6-21.7), and median BMI SDS 2.8 (range 1...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442960/morphological-and-near-field-properties-of-silver-columnar-thin-film-for-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering
#2
Yanjuan Liao, Jingnan Huang, Xu Huang, Shaoji Jiang
Noble metal sculptured thin films have attracted great research interest last decade as competitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates. However, the influences of the deposition conditions and the morphology on the plasmonic properties and SERS performance of the metal sculptured thin films have not been well understood due to the complexities of the morphology. In this work, the influences of the deposition angle and the height are investigated in both experiment and numerical simulation. A more accurate geometrical model based on the binarized scanning electron microscope images has been utilized to study the near-field plasmonic properties of Ag column thin films by taking account of the geometry irregularities, size distributions and random arrangement of the columns...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442694/effect-of-ag-doping-on-the-glancing-angle-deposition-synthesized-tio%C3%A2-nanowire-for-enlarged-photodetection
#3
Chitralekha Ngangbam, Naorem Khelchand Singh, Aniruddha Mondal
Glancing Angle Deposition (GLAD) technique was employed to synthesize Ag doped TiO2 nanowire on n-type Si-substrate. FEG-SEM confirms the perpendicular growth of Ag doped TiO2 nanowire with an average height and diameter of ~554 nm and ~40 nm respectively. The composition analysis by EDAX indicates the presence of Ti, O, Si and Ag elements. The increase in PL intensity has been observed with the increase in temperature. Following the growth of Ag doped TiO2 nanowire, Au contacts were deposited to form the Ag doped TiO2 NW based Schottky detector...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441084/auxin-to-gibberellin-ratio-as-a-signal-for-light-intensity-and-quality-in-regulating-soybean-growth-and-matter-partitioning
#4
Feng Yang, Yuanfang Fan, Xiaoling Wu, Yajiao Cheng, Qinlin Liu, Lingyang Feng, Junxu Chen, Zhonglin Wang, Xiaochun Wang, Taiwen Yong, Weiguo Liu, Jiang Liu, Junbo Du, Kai Shu, Wenyu Yang
The intensity and quality (red to far-red (R/Fr) ratio) of light directly affect growth of plant under shading. Gibberellins (GAs) and auxin [indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)] play important roles in mediating the shading adaptive responses of plants. Thus, the intensity and quality of the uncoupling light from shading were assessed to identify the influence of each component on the morphology and matter distribution of the leaf, stem, and petiole. This assessment was based on the changes in endogenous Gibberellin 1 (GA1) and IAA levels...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440789/a-comparative-evaluation-of-papillary-reconstruction-by-modified-beagle-s-technique-with-the-beagle-s-surgical-technique-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#5
Prerna Pravin Chaulkar, Rohini Salil Mali, Amita Milind Mali, Priya Abhijeet Lele, Pallavi Anil Patil
Background: To assess and compare the effectiveness of two surgical procedures (Beagle's technique and modified Beagle's technique) for the reconstruction of the lost interproximal dental papilla. Materials and Methods: Twenty sites were selected based on the selection criteria which included patients within the age group of 20-50 years and the presence of Class I and Class II recession of the papilla in the maxillary anterior region. They were divided randomly into Group A and Group B...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439373/factors-associated-with-high-physical-exertion-during-manual-lifting-cross-sectional-study-among-200-blue-collar-workers
#6
Lars L Andersen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Efat Lali Dastjerdi, Roger Persson, Markus D Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: High physical exertion during work is a risk factor for back pain and long-term sickness absence. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which factors are associated with physical exertion during manual lifting. METHODS: From 14 workplaces across Denmark, 200 blue-collar workers reported perceived physical exertion (Borg-CR10) during manual lifting from floor to table height of 5, 10, 20 and 30 kg at the beginning and end of the working day...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439004/assessing-the-nutrient-intake-of-a-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-lchf-diet-a-hypothetical-case-study-design
#7
Caryn Zinn, Amy Rush, Rebecca Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The low-carbohydrate, high-fat (LCHF) diet is becoming increasingly employed in clinical dietetic practice as a means to manage many health-related conditions. Yet, it continues to remain contentious in nutrition circles due to a belief that the diet is devoid of nutrients and concern around its saturated fat content. This work aimed to assess the micronutrient intake of the LCHF diet under two conditions of saturated fat thresholds. DESIGN: In this descriptive study, two LCHF meal plans were designed for two hypothetical cases representing the average Australian male and female weight-stable adult...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438394/prenatal-exposure-to-preeclampsia-is-associated-with-accelerated-height-gain-in-early-childhood
#8
Johanna Gunnarsdottir, Sven Cnattingius, Maria Lundgren, Katarina Selling, Ulf Högberg, Anna-Karin Wikström
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is associated with low birth weight, both because of increased risks of preterm and of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births. Low birth weight is associated with accelerated childhood height gain and cardiovascular diseases later in life. The aim was to investigate if prenatal exposure to preeclampsia is associated with accelerated childhood height gain, also after adjustments for SGA-status and gestational age at birth. METHODS: In a cohort of children prenatally exposed to preeclampsia (n = 865) or unexposed (n = 22,898) we estimated height gain between birth and five years of age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438136/risk-factors-for-low-bone-mineral-density-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-the-positive-role-of-physical-activity
#9
Stefano Nobile, Richard J Grand, Helen M Pappa
OBJECTIVE: In pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the prevalence of low bone mineral density (BMD) and bone fractures and the relationship between these are still debated. Our aim was to report data from a cohort of pediatric patients with IBD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional assessment of growth and BMD [(dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)] and retrospective chart review were performed to report the lifetime prevalence of bone fractures and clinical associations with patients' data...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435902/pediatric-living-donor-liver-transplantation-using-a-monosegment-procured-by-pure-3d-laparoscopic-left-lateral-sectionectomy-and-in-situ-reduction
#10
Suk Kyun Hong, Kyung-Suk Suh, Hyo-Sin Kim, Kyung Chul Yoon, Sung-Woo Ahn, Hyeyoung Kim, Nam-Joon Yi, Kwang-Woong Lee
BACKGROUND: Improvements in laparoscopic imaging systems and instruments have increased the performance of pure laparoscopic living donor hepatectomy. This operation is no longer limited to left lateral sectionectomy but is used for left hepatectomy and right hepatectomy.1-5 This report describes a donor who underwent pure laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy and in situ reduction using 3D laparoscopy and indocyanine green (ICG) near-infrared fluorescence cholangiography to obtain a monosegment...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435577/association-of-early-life-factors-with-life-course-trajectories-of-resting-heart-rate-more-than-6-decades-of-follow-up
#11
Celia O'Hare, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy
Importance: Higher resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Limited attention has been paid to early-life determinants of life-course RHR. Objective: To describe trajectories of RHR in the same individuals from age 6 to 69 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were from the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development population-based cohort of individuals who were followed up from birth in 1946 until 2015...
February 12, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435317/impact-of-liver-volume-on-polycystic-liver-disease-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#12
Myrte K Neijenhuis, Wietske Kievit, Stef Mh Verheesen, Hedwig M D'Agnolo, Tom Jg Gevers, Joost Ph Drenth
Background: Symptoms in polycystic liver disease (PLD) are thought to be caused by compression of organs and structures by the enlarged liver. Aim: The aim of this article is to assess the impact of liver volume on symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in PLD. Methods: We included PLD patients from two prospective studies that used the PLD-questionnaire (PLD-Q) for symptom assessment. QoL was assessed through SF-36, summarized in a physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component score...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435269/current-understanding-of-chronic-total-occlusion-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#13
Baofeng Xu, Chao Li, Yunbao Guo, Kan Xu, Yi Yang, Jinlu Yu
At present, there is limited understanding of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Therefore, the present report collected related cases from PubMed and reviewed the literature. Cerebral vessels may form collateral circulation immediately or gradually following CTO of the ICA. The natural history of CTO of the ICA includes a variety of outcomes, all of which are biased toward a non-benign progressive process and are characterized by insufficient cerebral perfusion, embolus detachment and cognitive dysfunction...
February 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434658/healthy-living-and-cancer-evidence-from-uk-biobank
#14
Peter C Elwood, Alex Whitmarsh, John Gallacher, Anthony Bayer, Richard Adams, Luke Heslop, Janet Pickering, Gareth Morgan, Julieta Galante, Sunil Dolwani, Marcus Longley, Zoe E Roberts
Context: UK Biobank is a prospective study of half a million subjects, almost all aged 40-69 years, identified in 22 centres across the UK during 2006-2010. Objective: A healthy lifestyle has been described as 'better than any pill, and no side effects [5]. We therefore examined the relationships between healthy behaviours: low alcohol intake, non-smoking, healthy BMI, physical activity and a healthy diet, and the risk of all cancers, colon, breast and prostate cancers in a large dataset...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434266/future-global-productivity-will-be-affected-by-plant-trait-response-to-climate
#15
Nima Madani, John S Kimball, Ashley P Ballantyne, David L R Affleck, Peter M van Bodegom, Peter B Reich, Jens Kattge, Anna Sala, Mona Nazeri, Matthew O Jones, Maosheng Zhao, Steven W Running
Plant traits are both responsive to local climate and strong predictors of primary productivity. We hypothesized that future climate change might promote a shift in global plant traits resulting in changes in Gross Primary Productivity (GPP). We characterized the relationship between key plant traits, namely Specific Leaf Area (SLA), height, and seed mass, and local climate and primary productivity. We found that by 2070, tropical and arid ecosystems will be more suitable for plants with relatively lower canopy height, SLA and seed mass, while far northern latitudes will favor woody and taller plants than at present...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434097/three-dimensional-representation-method-using-pressure-time-and-number-of-theoretical-plates-to-analyze-separation-conditions-in-hplc-columns
#16
Masahito Ito, Katsutoshi Shimizu, Kiyoharu Nakatani
There has been considerable discussion of the speed performance of HPLC separation, especially regarding the relationship between theoretical plates and hold-up time. The fundamental discussion focuses on the optimal velocity, u0,opt, which gives a minimal height equivalent to a theoretical plate of the van Deemter plot. On the other hand, Desmet's method, using the kinetic performance limit (KPL), calculates the highest performance with a constant pressure drop, without focusing solely on the optimal velocity...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433665/global-disability-adjusted-life-year-estimates-of-long-term-health-burden-and-undernutrition-attributable-to-diarrhoeal-diseases-in-children-younger-than-5-years
#17
Christopher Troeger, Danny V Colombara, Puja C Rao, Ibrahim A Khalil, Alexandria Brown, Thomas G Brewer, Richard L Guerrant, Eric R Houpt, Karen L Kotloff, Kavita Misra, William A Petri, James Platts-Mills, Mark S Riddle, Scott J Swartz, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Robert C Reiner, Simon I Hay, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death and illness globally among children younger than 5 years. Mortality and short-term morbidity cause substantial burden of disease but probably underestimate the true effect of diarrhoea on population health. This underestimation is because diarrhoeal diseases can negatively affect early childhood growth, probably through enteric dysfunction and impaired uptake of macronutrients and micronutrients. We attempt to quantify the long-term sequelae associated with childhood growth impairment due to diarrhoea...
March 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433455/elevated-blood-pressure-among-primary-school-children-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#18
Alfa J Muhihi, Marina A Njelekela, Rose N M Mpembeni, Bikolimana G Muhihi, Amani Anaeli, Omary Chillo, Sulende Kubhoja, Benjamin Lujani, Mwanamkuu Maghembe, Davis Ngarashi
BACKGROUND: Whilst the burden of non-communicable diseases is increasing in developing countries, little data is available on blood pressure among Tanzanian children. This study aimed at determining the blood pressure profiles and risk factors associated with elevated blood pressure among primary school children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional survey among 446 children aged 6-17 years from 9 randomly selected primary schools in Dar es Salaam...
February 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432586/effects-of-different-starch-source-of-starter-on-small-intestinal-growth-and-endogenous-glp-2-secretion-in-pre-weaned-lambs
#19
Daming Sun, Hongwei Li, Shengyong Mao, Weiyun Zhu, Junhua Liu
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different source of starch in starter feed on small intestinal growth and endogenous glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) secretion in pre-weaned lambs. Twenty-four 10-day-old lambs were divided into three groups that were treated with different iso-starch diets containing purified cassava starch (CS, n = 8), maize starch (MS, n = 8) and pea starch (PS, n = 8). At 56 days old, there was no significant difference in final body weight (BW) of lambs among the three groups...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432424/neonatal-corticosteroid-therapy-affects-growth-patterns-in-early-infancy
#20
Deodata Tijsseling, Maike Ter Wolbeek, Jan B Derks, Willem B de Vries, Cobi J Heijnen, Frank van Bel, Eduard J H Mulder
OBJECTIVE: Although postnatal corticosteroid (CS) therapy has well established beneficial effects on pulmonary function, it may also result in growth restriction during treatment. The course of early childhood growth is believed to predict cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in adulthood. Therefore, we determined the effects of postnatal dexamethasone (DEX) or hydrocortisone (HC) treatment on patterns of postnatal growth until approximately four years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In an observational cohort study of children born prematurely (<32 weeks of gestation), we compared growth patterns for body weight, height, and head circumference from birth to age four years, of children who received DEX (boys: N = 30, girls: N = 14), HC (boys: N = 33, girls: N = 28) to a reference group that had not received postnatal CSs (boys: N = 52, girls: N = 53) using linear mixed-effects modeling...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
89929
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"