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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225462/validity-evidence-from-ratings-of-pediatric-interns-and-subinterns-on-a-subset-of-pediatric-milestones
#1
Teri L Turner, Vasudha L Bhavaraju, Ulana A Luciw-Dubas, Patricia J Hicks, Sara Multerer, Amanda Osta, Jennifer McDonnell, Sue Poynter, Daniel J Schumacher, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Linda Waggoner-Fountain, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: To investigate evidence for validity of faculty members' pediatric milestone (PM) ratings of interns (first-year residents) and subinterns (fourth-year medical students) on nine subcompetencies related to readiness to serve as a pediatric intern in the inpatient setting. METHOD: The Association of Pediatric Program Directors Longitudinal Educational Assessment Research Network (APPD LEARN) and the National Board of Medical Examiners collaborated to investigate the utility of assessments of the PMs for trainees' performance...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209702/primary-care-specialty-career-choice-among-canadian-medical-students-understanding-the-factors-that-influence-their-decisions
#2
Heather Ann Osborn, Jordan T Glicksman, Michael G Brandt, Philip C Doyle, Kevin Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify which factors influence medical students' decision to choose a career in family medicine and pediatrics, and which factors influence their decision to choose careers in non-front-line specialties. DESIGN: Survey that was created based on a comprehensive literature review to determine which factors are considered important when choosing practice specialty. SETTING: Ontario medical school. PARTICIPANTS: An open cohort of medical students in the graduating classes of 2008 to 2011 (inclusive)...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206889/closing-the-gap-to-medicine-calls-for-ranking-pediatric-dentistry-residency-programs-in-the-u-s
#3
Ulrich Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193109/child-neurology-education-for-pediatric-residents
#4
Dara V F Albert, Anup D Patel, Maria Behnam-Terneus, Beatriz Cunill-De Sautu, Nicole Verbeck, Alisa McQueen, H Barrett Fromme, John D Mahan
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the current state of child neurology education during pediatric residency provides adequate preparation for pediatric practice. A survey was sent to recent graduates from 3 pediatric residency programs to assess graduate experience, perceived level of competence, and desire for further education in child neurology. Responses from generalists versus subspecialists were compared. The response rate was 32%, half in general pediatric practice. Only 22% feel very confident in approaching patients with neurologic problems...
March 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178918/global-health-training-among-u-s-residency-specialties-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Duncan K Hau, Luke R Smart, Jennifer I DiPace, Robert N Peck
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health training during residency is increasing. Global health knowledge is also becoming essential for health-care delivery today. Many U.S. residency programs have been incorporating global health training opportunities for their residents. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate global health training opportunities and challenges among U.S. residency specialties. METHODS: We searched PubMed from its earliest dates until October 2015...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159950/implementation-of-a-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-mini-cex-program-to-assess-the-clinical-competencies-of-postgraduate-trainees-in-pediatrics
#6
Sumaira Khalil, Anurag Aggarwal, Devendra Mishra
OBJECTIVE: To implement Mini-CEX, a Workplace-based assessment tool, for formative assessment of clinical skills of final year pediatric post-graduate residents. METHODS: All final-year postgraduate residents at the Department of Pediatrics of a public medical college in India underwent mini-CEX assessment by rotation among six faculty members. Outcome was assessed by an anonymous questionnaire-based feedback from the participating students and faculty members collected after the completion of all the mini-CEX encounters...
February 2, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150025/initial-field-test-of-a-cloud-based-cardiac-auscultation-system-to-determine-murmur-etiology-in-rural-china
#7
Lee Pyles, Pouya Hemmati, J Pan, Xiaoju Yu, Ke Liu, Jing Wang, Andreas Tsakistos, Bistra Zheleva, Weiguang Shao, Quan Ni
A system for collection, distribution, and long distant, asynchronous interpretation of cardiac auscultation has been developed and field-tested in rural China. We initiated a proof-of-concept test as a critical component of design of a system to allow rural physicians with little experience in evaluation of congenital heart disease (CHD) to obtain assistance in diagnosis and management of children with significant heart disease. The project tested the hypothesis that acceptable screening of heart murmurs could be accomplished using a digital stethoscope and internet cloud transmittal to deliver phonocardiograms to an experienced observer...
February 2, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144123/state-of-simulation-in-healthcare-education-an-initial-survey-in-beijing
#8
Zichen Zhao, Pengfei Niu, Xiang Ji, Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2013, medical error was the third leading cause of death in the United States.(1) In China, as in the case with the United States, training and assessment are developing as a strategy to reduce the occurrence of such errors. The objective of this study was to assess the current state of the use of simulation-based training in Beijing and to explore the barriers to further development. METHODS: This study included hospitals in Beijing accredited by the Standardized Residency Training (SRT) program...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137673/availability-of-emotional-support-and-mental-healthcare-for-pediatric-residents
#9
Melissa M Cellini, Janet R Serwint, Linda H Chaudron, Constance D Baldwin, Aaron K Blumkin, Peter G Szilagyi
BACKGROUND: Resident mental health (MH) problems can be associated with reduced empathy and increased medical errors. The ACGME mandates resident MH support services, but it is unknown if these services are accessible and meet resident needs. OBJECTIVES: Describe prevalence of anxiety and depression in current pediatric residents in New York State (NY), and their self-reported use of and barriers to support services. METHODS: We developed an online survey and distributed it to all categorical pediatric residents in 9 NY programs...
January 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130128/the-positive-impact-of-the-transition-from-noon-conference-to-academic-half-day-in-a-pediatric-residency-program
#10
Laura Zastoupil, Amanda McIntosh, Jenna Sopfe, Jason Burrows, Jessica Kraynik, Lindsey Lane, Janice Hanson, L Barry Seltz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of transitioning from Noon Conference (NC) to Academic Half Day (AHD) on conference attendance, interruptions, and perceived protected educational time and to describe pediatric resident experiences with AHD. METHODS: In this mixed-methods study, data pre and post AHD-implementation were collected. Quantitative data were analyzed with a two-variable t-test or chi-square test. Five focus groups and five individual interviews of pediatric residents were conducted...
January 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128705/assessing-residents-operative-skills-for-external-ventricular-drain-placement-and-shunt-surgery-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#11
Guillermo Aldave, Daniel Hansen, Valentina Briceño, Thomas G Luerssen, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE The authors previously demonstrated the use of a validated Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) tool for evaluating residents' operative skills in pediatric neurosurgery. However, no benchmarks have been established for specific pediatric procedures despite an increased need for meaningful assessments that can either allow for early intervention for underperforming trainees or allow for proficient residents to progress to conducting operations independently with more passive supervision...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100274/using-medical-specialty-and-selection-criteria-clusters-to-study-specialty-selection-by-israeli-medical-students
#12
Yoram G Weiss, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony, Howard Tandeter, Uriel Elchalal, Alex Avidan, Josh E Schroeder, Charles Weissman
BACKGROUND: During their final year of medical school, Israeli students must consider which specialty to choose for residency. Based on the vocational counseling literature we presumed that choices are made by selecting from a cluster of related specialties while considering professional and socio-economic issues. METHODS: Questionnaires distributed to final-year medical students at two Israeli medical schools ascertained inclinations toward various medical specialties and the importance of various selection criteria...
January 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097858/-the-current-status-of-patient-safety-in-argentina-cross-sectional-study
#13
Lucrecia Arpí, Néstor D Panattieri, Cristina Godio, Verónica Sabio Paz, Nora Dackiewicz
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a priority for healthcare organizations. For the PRONAP´s 2013 final exam, the Quality & Patient Safety Subcommittee and the PRONAP managers designed a survey to be answered by pediatrician students nationwide. It was destined to evaluate attitudes, practices and safety conditions in which they worked. AIM: To assess the current state of practices in patient safety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Setting and sample: PRONAP students (7,438 pediatrician nationwide) who answered 2013 final exam...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092429/residents-understanding-of-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#14
Paul Cooper, Morgan Hindes, Timothy M Maul, Stephen C Cook
OBJECTIVE: Medical residents are exposed to increasing numbers of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). While inadequate ACHD knowledge may lead to inappropriate practice, this educational deficit has not been investigated. Our aim was to analyze residents' attitudes, perceived ability, and knowledge of ACHD medicine. DESIGN, METHODS, OUTCOME MEASURES: A single center, multiprogram cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 using an electronic survey to assess 472 medical residents' perceived knowledge and self-assessed skills related to ACHD medicine...
January 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089474/what-happened-to-the-complication-the-importance-of-acs-nsqip-pediatric-in-optimizing-quality-improvement-initiatives-for-resident-education
#15
Bennett W Calder, Joseph V Sakran, Christian J Streck, Robert A Cina
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity and Mortality (M&M) conference is considered the golden hour of surgical education. Most training programs lack standardized methods to evaluate self-reported outcomes and contributions to resident education. The purpose of this study was to determine whether residents underreport pediatric postoperative complications thereby limiting a comprehensive educational opportunity and the ability to adequately perform quality improvement during M&M conference. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of resident reports submitted to the M&M committee at an academic medical center was conducted over 1 year...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089310/take-the-heat-a-pilot-study-on-improving-communication-with-angry-families
#16
Nicolas Delacruz, Suzanne Reed, Ansley Splinter, Amy Brown, Stacy Flowers, Nicole Verbeck, Debbie Turpening, John D Mahan
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the utility of an educational program consisting of a workshop based on the Take the HEAT communication strategy, designed specifically for addressing patients who are angry, using a novel tool to evaluate residents' skills in employing this method. METHODS: 33 first-year pediatric and internal medicine-pediatrics residents participated in the study. The workshop presented the Take the HEAT (Hear, Empathize, Apologize, Take action) strategy of communication...
December 19, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087366/a-program-to-prevent-burnout-depression-and-anxiety-in-first-year-pediatric-residents
#17
Stuart Slavin, Mindy Shoss, Matthew A Broom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086770/social-pediatrics-weaving-horizontal-and-vertical-threads-through-pediatric-residency
#18
Meta van den Heuvel, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Rebecca Levy, Adelle Atkinson, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Michelle Shouldice
BACKGROUND: Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients' social, environmental and political contexts. It's an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize social pediatric education in our pediatric residency training in order to identify strengths and gaps. METHODS: A social pediatrics curriculum map was developed, attending to 3 different dimensions: (1) the intended curriculum as prescribed by the Objectives of Training for Pediatrics of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), (2) the formal curriculum defined by rotation-specific learning objectives, and (3) the informal/hidden curriculum as reflected in resident and teacher experiences and perceptions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079728/surveying-resident-and-faculty-physician-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-in-response-to-public-lead-contamination
#19
D Kay Taylor, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Nicolas Lecea, Ranine Ghamrawi, Ghassan Bachuwa, Jenny LaChance, Mona Hanna-Attisha
Environmental health crises can appear anywhere and without warning. After research revealed a significant incidence of elevated pediatric blood lead levels following a water source change, Genesee County declared a public health emergency in Flint, Michigan. Hospital patients and family members began approaching Hurley Medical Center's physicians with questions regarding the health implications of the lead contamination. Many of the physicians voiced concerns about responding appropriately to patient needs and increasing demands for information...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024414/defining-service-and-education-in-pediatrics
#20
Debra Boyer, Josh Gagne, Jennifer C Kesselheim
Program directors (PDs) and trainees are often queried regarding the balance of service and education during pediatric residency training. We aimed to use qualitative methods to learn how pediatric residents and PDs define service and education and to identify activities that exemplify these concepts. Focus groups of pediatric residents and PDs were performed and the data qualitatively analyzed. Thematic analysis revealed 4 themes from focus group data: (1) misalignment of the perceived definition of service; (2) agreement about the definition of education; (3) overlapping perceptions of the value of service to training; and (4) additional suggestions for improved integration of education and service...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
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