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Internal medicine and pediatrics residency

Sejal H Patel, Sunju Park, Jamie B Rosenberg
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare pediatric and adult ophthalmology consultations in an urban academic center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients evaluated by the ophthalmology consultation service from January through June 2014 was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 751 inpatients and emergency department patients were evaluated by the ophthalmology consultation service, of whom 152 (20.4%) were children and 598 (79...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Jennifer M Oshimura, Benjamin D Bauer, Neha Shah, Eugene Nguyen, Jennifer Maniscalco
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric hospitalists report the need for additional training in clinical and nonclinical domains. Pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) fellowships seek to provide this training and produce leaders in the field. Our objective is to describe current roles and perceived training needs of PHM fellowship graduates. METHODS: In 2014, all PHM fellowship graduates were asked to complete a Web-based survey. Survey questions addressed demographics, past training, current roles, and training needs in clinical care, research, education, and administration...
October 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Martin Sievert, Igor Zwir, Kevin M Cloninger, Nigel Lester, Sandor Rozsa, C Robert Cloninger
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors influence the decision to enter a career in medicine and choose a specialty. Previous studies have looked at personality differences in medicine but often were unable to describe the heterogeneity that exists within each specialty. Our study used a person-centered approach to characterize the complex relations between the personality profiles of resident physicians and their choice of specialty. METHODS: 169 resident physicians at a large Midwestern US training hospital completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)...
2016: PeerJ
Halah Ibrahim, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Sami Shaban, Margaret El-Zubeir
BACKGROUND: In today's interdependent world, issues of physician shortages, skill imbalances and maldistribution affect all countries. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a nation that has historically imported its physician manpower, there is sustained investment in educational infrastructure to meet the population's healthcare needs. However, policy development and workforce planning are often hampered by limited data regarding the career choice of physicians-in-training. The purpose of this study was to determine the specialty career choice of applicants to postgraduate training programs in the UAE and factors that influence their decisions, in an effort to inform educational and health policy reform...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Chelsea J Messinger, Janet Hafler, Ali M Khan, Theodore Long
: Phenomenon: As an impending shortage of primary care physicians is expected, understanding career trajectories of medical students will be useful in supporting interest in primary care fields and careers. The authors sought to characterize recent trends in primary care interest and career trajectories among medical students at an academic medical institution that did not have a family medicine department. APPROACH: Match data for 2,477 graduates who matched into resident training programs between 1989 and 2014 were analyzed to determine the proportion entering primary care residency programs...
July 28, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Jonathan D Alpern, Cynthia S Davey, John Song
BACKGROUND: Cross-cultural care is recognized by the ACGME as an important aspect of US residency training. Resident physicians' preparedness to deliver cross-cultural care has been well studied, while preparedness to provide care specifically to immigrant and refugee populations has not been. METHODS: We administered a survey in October 2013 to 199 residents in Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, and Medicine/Pediatrics at the University of Minnesota, assessing perceived knowledge, attitudes, and experience with immigrant and refugee patients...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Jason Silvestre, Liza C Wu, Ines C Lin, Joseph M Serletti
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of women are entering the medical profession, but plastic surgery remains a male-dominated profession, especially within academia. As academic aspirations and advancement depend largely on research productivity, the authors assessed the number of articles authored by women published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. METHODS: Original articles in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery published during the years 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2004, and 2014 were analyzed...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Anand K Narayan, Daniel Brotman, Leonard S Feldman, Mahadevappa Mahesh, Jonathan Lewin, Daniel J Durand
PURPOSE: Radiation dose information is increasingly requested by nonradiology providers, but there are no standard methods for communicating dose. The aim of this study was to compare physicians' perceptions of the amount of radiation associated with similar dose quantities expressed using different dose terms to evaluate the impact of word choice on physicians' understanding of radiation dose. METHODS: Internal medicine and pediatric residents were surveyed online for 42 days...
August 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Mohamed A Hendaus, Shabina Khan, Samar Osman, Yasser Alsamman, Tushar Khanna, Ahmed H Alhammadi
BACKGROUND: The average number of clerkship weeks required for the pediatric core rotation by the US medical schools is significantly lower than those required for internal medicine or general surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective behind conducting this survey study was to explore the perceptions and expectations of medical students and pediatric physicians about the third-year pediatric clerkship. METHODS: An anonymous survey questionnaire was distributed to all general pediatric physicians at Hamad Medical Corporation and to students from Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
John F Fisher
The training of physicians in the past century was based primarily on responsibility and the chain-of-command. Those with the bulk of that responsibility in the fields of pediatrics and internal medicine were residents. Residents trained the medical students and supervised them carefully in caring for patients. Most attending physicians supervised their teams at arm's length, primarily serving as teachers of the finer points of diagnosis and treatment during set periods of the day or week with a perfunctory signature on write-ups or progress notes...
2016: Medical Education Online
Theodore Long, Mark T Silvestri, Meir Dashevsky, Andrea Halim, Robert L Fogerty
Background Cost awareness, to ensure physician stewardship of limited resources, is increasingly recognized as an important skill for physicians. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has made cost awareness part of systems-based practice, a core competency of resident education. However, little is known about resident cost awareness. Objective We sought to assess senior resident self-perceived cost awareness and cost knowledge. Methods In March 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of all emergency medicine, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, orthopaedic surgery pediatrics, and medicine-pediatrics residents in their final year at Yale-New Haven Hospital...
May 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Elizabeth Wei McIntosh, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: If medical schools are to produce primary care physicians (family medicine, pediatrics, or general internal medicine), they must provide educational experiences that enable medical students to maintain existing or form new interests in such careers. This study examined three mechanisms for doing so, at one medical school: participation as an officer in a family medicine interest group (FMIG), completion of a dual medical/public health (MD/MPH) degree program, and participation in a rural medical education (RMED) clinical track...
May 2016: Family Medicine
Leslie A Wimsatt, James M Cooke, Wendy S Biggs, Joel J Heidelbaugh
UNLABELLED: Phenomenon: Existing research provides little specific evidence regarding the association between public and private medical school curricular settings and the proportion of medical students matching into family medicine careers. Institutional differences have been inadequately investigated, as students who match into family medicine are often consolidated into the umbrella of primary care along with those matching in internal medicine and pediatrics. However, understanding medical school contexts in relation to career choice is critical toward designing targeted strategies to address the projected shortage of family physicians...
July 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Sarang Kim, Laura R Willett, Helaine Noveck, Manish S Patel, John A Walker, Carol A Terregino
PROBLEM: Direct observation of medical students performing clinical tasks, such as eliciting a patient history or examining a patient, and the provision of feedback, are foundational to student improvement but have been reported to occur infrequently. The mini clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) is a tool that can facilitate direct observation and feedback. This study assessed the impact of a mini-CEX requirement across all 3rd-year clerkships on student report of direct observation by faculty and objectively measured clinical skills...
May 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Leigh Simmons, Lauren Leavitt, Alaka Ray, Blair Fosburgh, Karen Sepucha
PROBLEM: Physicians must be competent in several different kinds of communication skills in order to implement shared decision making; however, these skills are not part of routine medical student education, nor are they formally taught during residency training. INTERVENTION: We developed a 1- and 2-hour workshop curriculum for internal medicine residents to promote shared decision making in treatment decisions for four common chronic conditions: diabetes, depression, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia...
2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
M Patrice Eiff, Larry A Green, Eric Holmboe, Furman S McDonald, Kathleen Klink, David Gary Smith, Carol Carraccio, Rose Harding, Eve Dexter, Miguel Marino, Sam Jones, Kelly Caverzagie, Mumtaz Mustapha, Patricia A Carney
PURPOSE: To report findings from a national effort initiated by three primary care certifying boards to catalyze change in primary care training. METHOD: In this mixed-method pilot study (2012-2014), 36 faculty in 12 primary care residencies (family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics) from four institutions participated in a professional development program designed to prepare faculty to accelerate change in primary care residency training by uniting them in a common mission to create effective ambulatory clinical learning environments...
September 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Rebekah Burns, Mark Adler, Karen Mangold, Jennifer Trainor
The transition from medical student to intern is a challenging process characterized by a steep learning curve. Focused courses targeting skills necessary for success as a resident have increased self-perceived preparedness, confidence, and medical knowledge. Our aim was to create a brief educational intervention for 4th-year medical students entering pediatric, family practice, and medicine/pediatric residencies to target skills necessary for an internship. The curriculum used a combination of didactic presentations, small group discussions, role-playing, facilitated debriefing, and simulation-based education...
2016: Curēus
Artemio M Jongco, Sheila Bina, Robert J Sporter, Marie A Cavuoto Petrizzo, Blanka Kaplan, Myriam Kline, Susan J Schuval
Physicians underrecognize and undertreat anaphylaxis. Effective interventions are needed to improve physician knowledge and competency regarding evidence-based anaphylaxis diagnosis and management (ADAM). We designed and evaluated an educational program to improve ADAM in pediatrics, internal medicine, and emergency medicine residents from two academic medical centers. Anonymous questionnaires queried participants' demographics, prior ADAM clinical experience, competency, and comfort. A pretest assessing baseline knowledge preceded a 45-minute allergist-led evidence-based presentation, including practice with epinephrine autoinjectors, immediately followed by a posttest...
2016: Journal of Allergy
Jovany Francisco Terrones-Rodríguez, Vicente Cisneros-Pérez, José Jesús Arreola-Rocha
BACKGROUND: The burnout syndrome is commonly spread among health workers and students, due to the excessive demands they feel on their workspaces. Depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment are the areas assessed. METHODS: To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome in medical residents at the General Hospital of Durango; a descriptive, prolective, cross-sectional study was designed and applied to residents of different specialties of the General Hospital of Durango who agreed to participate, the "Maslach Burnout Inventory" was applied...
March 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Conner Gorry
Call them intrepid trailblazers or just plain stubborn: over 200 US students, mainly from under-represented minorities and low-income families, decided they would become the doctors needed by their communities, and that Cuba's Latin American Medical School (ELAM) would prepare them for the job. In doing so, they accepted a host of challenges, not the least of which was studying in a country lauded for its population health indicators, but vilified for decades by their home government. Under President George W...
July 2015: MEDICC Review
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