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Internal medicine and pediatrics residency

Gregory B Tallman, Rowena A Vilches-Tran, Miriam R Elman, David T Bearden, Jerusha E Taylor, Paul N Gorman, Jessina C McGregor
OBJECTIVE To assess general medical residents' familiarity with antibiograms using a self-administered survey DESIGN Cross-sectional, single-center survey PARTICIPANTS Residents in internal medicine, family medicine, and pediatrics at an academic medical center METHODS Participants were administered an anonymous survey at our institution during regularly scheduled educational conferences between January and May 2012. Questions collected data regarding demographics, professional training; further open-ended questions assessed knowledge and use of antibiograms regarding possible pathogens, antibiotic regimens, and prescribing resources for 2 clinical vignettes; a series of directed, closed-ended questions followed...
March 1, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Lauren N Ko, Daniela Kroshinsky
BACKGROUND: Although considered an outpatient specialty, dermatology plays an important role in inpatient medicine. We characterized the activity and structure of dermatology consultation services in select U.S. hospitals. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, a 31-question survey was distributed in person to 32 board-certified dermatologists at the 2017 Society of Dermatology Hospitalists meeting. RESULTS: Thirty participants completed the survey (yield 93...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Jeremey Walker, Brittany Payne, B Lee Clemans-Taylor, Erin Dunn Snyder
Background : Continuity between patients and physicians is a core principle of primary care and an accreditation requirement. Resident continuity clinics face challenges in nurturing continuity for their patients and trainees. Objective : We undertook a scoping review of the literature to better understand published benchmarks for resident continuity; the effectiveness of interventions to improve continuity; and the impact of continuity on resident and patient satisfaction, patient outcomes, and resident career choice...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Lena M Napolitano, Venkatakrishna Rajajee, Kyle J Gunnerson, Michael D Maile, Michael Quasney, Robert C Hyzy
Critical care fellowship training in the United States differs based on specific specialty, and includes medicine, surgery, anesthesiology, pediatrics, emergency medicine and neurocritical care training pathways. We provide an update regarding the number and growth of U.S. critical care fellowship training programs, on-duty residents and certified diplomates, and review the different critical care physician training pathways available to residents interested in pursuing a fellowship in critical care. Data were obtained from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and specialty boards [American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), American Board of Surgery (ABS), American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA), American Board of Pediatrics (ABP), American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM)] and the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (UCNS) for the last 16 years (2001-2017)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Kenya Ie, Akiko Murata, Masao Tahara, Manabu Komiyama, Shuhei Ichikawa, Yousuke C Takemura, Hirotaka Onishi
Background: Few studies have systematically explored factors affecting medical students' general practice career choice. We conducted a nationwide multicenter survey (Japan MEdical Career of Students: JMECS) to examine factors associated with students' general practice career aspirations in Japan, where it has been decided that general practice will be officially acknowledged as a new discipline. Methods: From April to December 2015, we distributed a 21-item questionnaire to final year medical students in 17 medical schools...
2018: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
Sarika Gupta, Monika Sharma, Tejinder Singh
Background: The mini-clinical evaluation exercise (Mini-CEX) is a valid and reliable tool that facilitates the assessment of skills essential for a physician and provision of immediate feedback. Aims: This study aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibility of Mini-CEX as a learning tool for pediatric residents. Materials and Methods: Following the sensitization with the concept of Mini-CEX, the actual process of assessment of residents was done using the "standardized American Board of Internal Medicine Mini-CEX evaluation form...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Audiey C Kao, Andrew J Jager
With the US health care system facing a primary care physician shortage, we evaluated whether medical students who saw medicine as a calling were more likely to enter a family medicine, internal medicine, or pediatrics residency program. Of the 591 4th-year medical students who responded to a survey item on medicine as a calling, 237 strongly agreed that the "practice of medicine is a calling." Students who strongly agreed that medicine was a calling had higher odds ( P =.003) of selecting a primary care-related residency...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Maria Alcocer Alkureishi, Wei Wei Lee, Sandra Webb, Vineet Arora
BACKGROUND: Electronic health record (EHR) use can enhance or undermine the ability of providers to deliver effective, humanistic patient-centered care. Given patient-centered care has been found to positively impact patient health outcomes, it is critical to provide formal education on patient-centered EHR communication skills. Unfortunately, despite increasing worldwide EHR adoption, few institutions educate trainees on EHR communication best practices. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this research was to develop and deliver mandatory patient-centered EHR training to all incoming housestaff at the University of Chicago...
January 4, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
Benjamin J Oldfield, Bennett W Clark, Monica C Mix, Katherine C Shaw, Janet R Serwint, Sanjay V Desai, Rachel M Kruzan, Rosalyn W Stewart, Sebastian Ruhs, Leonard S Feldman
BACKGROUND: Although residency programs are well situated for developing a physician workforce with knowledge, skills, and attitudes that incorporate the strengths and reflect the priorities of community organizations, few curricula explicitly do so. AIM: To develop urban health primary care tracks for internal medicine and combined internal medicine-pediatrics residents. SETTING: Academic hospital, community health center, and community-based organizations...
January 3, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Susan Humphrey-Murto, Mylène Côté, Debra Pugh, Timothy J Wood
Construct: The purpose of this study was to provide validity evidence for the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) as an assessment tool for clinical skills in the workplace. BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated validity evidence for the mini-CEX, but most studies were carried out in internal medicine or single disciplines, therefore limiting generalizability of the findings. If the mini-CEX is to be used in multidisciplinary contexts, then validity evidence should be gathered in similar settings...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Geetha Mukerji, Adina Weinerman, Sarah Schwartz, Adelle Atkinson, Lynfa Stroud, Brian M Wong
BACKGROUND: With rising healthcare costs and a focus on quality, there is a growing need to promote resource stewardship in medical education. Physicians need to be able to communicate effectively with patients/caregivers seeking tests and treatments that are unnecessary. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an interactive workshop on residents' knowledge of resource stewardship and communication skills when counseling patients/caregivers about requests for unnecessary testing. METHODS: Participants were 83 Internal Medicine and Pediatrics residents at the University of Toronto in 2014-15...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Samer Al Hadidi, Sunil Upadhaya, Rupal Shastri, Zain Alamarat
Background: Use of Electronic Health Records is increasing. Copy-and-paste function is frequently used with higher rates of documentation errors. Studies to determine the nature of such errors are needed.Objectives: Determination of the effect of implementing a dictation system for completing notes on the quality of clinical documentation. We hypothesized that implementation of the dictation system for note writing would decrease the rate of errors in the progress notes as well as decrease the rate of copying and pasting...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Benjamin J Sandefur, Diana M Shewmaker, Christine M Lohse, Steven H Rose, James E Colletti
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) implemented revisions to resident duty hour requirements (DHRs) in 2011 to improve patient safety and resident well-being. Perceptions of DHRs have been reported to vary by training stage and specialty among internal medicine and general surgery residents. The authors explored perceptions of DHRs among all residents at a large academic medical center. METHODS: The authors administered an anonymous cross-sectional survey about DHRs to residents enrolled in all ACGME-accredited core residency programs at their institution...
November 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Joan C Lo, Thomas E Baudendistel, Abhay Dandekar, Phuoc V Le, Stanton Siu, Bruce Blumberg
Collaborative partnerships between community-based academic residency training programs and schools of public health, represent an innovative approach to training future physician leaders in population management and public health. In Kaiser Permanente Northern California, development of residency-Masters in Public Health (MPH) tracks in the Internal Medicine Residency and the Pediatrics Residency programs, with MPH graduate studies completed at the University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, enables physicians to integrate clinical training with formal education in epidemiology, biostatistics, health policy, and disease prevention...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Kevin J Kovatch, Rebecca S Harvey, Mark E P Prince, Marc C Thorne
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 2016, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for curriculum and resident experiences were modified to require entering postgraduate year (PGY)-1 residents to spend 6 months of structured education on otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) rotations. We aimed to determine how ORL-HNS training programs have adapted curricula in response to 2016 ACGME curriculum requirement changes. STUDY DESIGN: Survey study...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
Monica W Rosen, Veronica I Alaniz, Emily K Kobernik, Stephanie Booms, Yolanda R Smith, Elisabeth H Quint
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess pediatric resident training in diagnosing and managing prepubertal gynecologic conditions. DESIGN: Voluntary 32-question survey e-mailed to participants. SETTING: E-mail contact through the American Academy of Pediatrics listserv. PARTICIPANTS: Seven thousand seventy-five US pediatrics and combined internal medicine-pediatric residents. INTERVENTIONS: Descriptive analysis including χ2 tests was performed on survey results...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Maria Helena Senger, Lucas Braga, Rafael Lacerda, Marlon Filippo, Fernando Colugnati, Danette McKinley, Eliana Amaral
Objective: To evaluate the geographic distribution and career trajectory of medical graduates and the factors associated with their choice of practice location. Method: A cross-sectional study involving graduates from December 2001 to December 2010 was conducted. A self-administered questionnaire collected demographics and geographic information (place of birth, place of residence at the time of medical school admission, place of residency training and practice location), and reason for choosing the current location...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Zohray Talib, Mariellen Malloy Jewers, Julia H Strasser, David K Popiel, Debora Goetz Goldberg, Candice Chen, Hayden Kepley, Fitzhugh Mullan, Marsha Regenstein
PURPOSE: To describe the residents who chose to train in teaching health centers (THCs), which are community-based ambulatory patient care sites that sponsor primary care residencies, and their intentions to practice in underserved settings. METHOD: The authors surveyed all THC residents training in academic years 2013-2014, 2014-2015, and 2015-2016, comparing their demographic characteristics with data available for residents nationally, and examined THC residents' intentions to practice in underserved settings using logistic regression analysis...
August 22, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Andrew Grock, Adam R Aluisio, Elizabeth Abram, Patricia Roblin, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: Disasters by definition overwhelm the resources of a hospital and may require a response from a range of practitioners. Disaster training is part of emergency medicine (EM) resident curricula, but less emphasized in other training programs. This study aimed to compare disaster educational training and confidence levels among resident trainees from multiple specialties. DESIGN: A structured questionnaire assessed graduate medical training in disaster education and self-perceived confidence in disaster situations...
2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Allison Lastinger, Kayeromi Gomez, Ellen Manegold, Rashida Khakoo
BACKGROUND: Patient empowerment is recognized as an important component of a multimodal strategy to improve hand hygiene adherence. We examined the attitudes of adult patients and parents of pediatric patients toward a new patient empowerment tool (PET) at our hospital. We also surveyed physicians to determine their perceptions about the PET. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed of hospitalized children's parents and adult patients in a 531-bed tertiary care teaching hospital in West Virginia...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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