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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349654/the-role-of-mentors-in-early-intervention-referrals-overlooked-views-of-pediatric-residency-training-directors
#1
Nicole Megan Edwards
Objectives There continues to be a pressing need to increase referrals to family-centered early intervention (EI) for more eligible infants and toddlers with inadequate consideration for the role of senior, mentoring professionals. Methods To address a dearth in our understanding, a subset of Pediatric Residency Training Directors shared views on EI, referral, and relevant training efforts. Results Participating directors primarily reported limited understanding of EI. Greater knowledge of family-focused EI correlated with its perceived helpfulness (r = ...
January 18, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346135/behavioral-health-training-in-pediatric-residency-programs-a-national-survey-of-training-directors
#2
Jeffrey D Shahidullah, Paul W Kettlewell, Mohammed H Palejwala, Susan G Forman, Andrew Billups, Stephanie L Anismatta, Benjamin Madsen
OBJECTIVE: To identify perceptions of behavioral health (BH) training in pediatric residency programs, the degree of involvement from behavioral health providers (BHPs), and opportunities for and barriers to innovation in training. METHOD: A tailored design methodology was used to target all pediatric residency program directors in the United States (N = 214). Participants were identified from the Electronic Residency Application Service website of the Association of American Medical Colleges and were asked to complete a 22-item item survey on BH training...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345207/thresholds-and-interpretations-how-clinical-competency-committees-identify-pediatric-residents-with-performance-concerns
#3
Daniel J Schumacher, Catherine Michelson, Sue Poynter, Michelle M Barnes, Su-Ting T Li, Natalie Burman, Daniel J Sklansky, Lynn Thoreson, Sharon Calaman, Beth King, Alan Schwartz, Sean Elliott, Tanvi Sharma, Javier Gonzalez Del Rey, Kathleen Bartlett, Shannon E Scott-Vernaglia, Kathleen Gibbs, Jon F McGreevy, Lynn C Garfunkel, Caren Gellin, John G Frohna
BACKGROUND: Clinical competency committee (CCC) identification of residents with performance concerns is critical for early intervention. METHODS: Program directors and 94 CCC members at 14 pediatric residency programs responded to a written survey prompt asking them to describe how they identify residents with performance concerns. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Six themes emerged from analysis and were grouped into two domains...
January 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344452/the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-as-a-learning-tool-for-pediatric-postgraduate-students
#4
Sarika Gupta, Monika Sharma, Tejinder Singh
Background: The mini-clinical evaluation exercise (Mini-CEX) is a valid and reliable tool that facilitates the assessment of skills essential for a physician and provision of immediate feedback. Aims: This study aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibility of Mini-CEX as a learning tool for pediatric residents. Materials and Methods: Following the sensitization with the concept of Mini-CEX, the actual process of assessment of residents was done using the "standardized American Board of Internal Medicine Mini-CEX evaluation form...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343469/entrustable-professional-activities-a-useful-concept-for-neurology-education
#5
Holli Horak, Robert Englander, Diana Barratt, Jeff Kraakevik, Madhu Soni, Ezgi Tiryaki
Medical education is currently undergoing a paradigm shift from process-based to competency-based education, focused on measuring the desired competence of a physician. In an attempt to improve the assessment framework used for medical education, the concept of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) has gained traction. EPAs are defined as professional activities that can be entrusted to an individual in a clinical context. The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) defined a set of 13 such EPAs to define the core of what all students should be able to do on day 1 of residency, regardless of specialty choice...
January 17, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335085/-impact-of-transition-readiness-on-quality-of-life-in-children-with-chronic-diseases
#6
Jia-Li Ma, Nan Sheng, Wen-Wen Ding, Ying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current quality of life in children with chronic diseases, and to explore the impact of transition readiness on quality of life. METHODS: A total of 332 children with chronic diseases from two children's hospitals in Shanghai, China were enrolled. A self-designed demographic questionnaire, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQLTM 4.0), and Self-Management and Transition to Adulthood with Rx=Treatment (STARx) Questionnaire were used to evaluate transition readiness and quality of life...
January 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333903/the-first-report-of-relative-incidence-of-inherited-white-matter-disorders-in-an-asian-country-based-on-an-iranian-bioregistry-system
#7
Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Zahra Rezaei, Morteza Heidari, Sedigheh Nikbakht, Reza Azizi Malamiri, Mahmoud Mohammady, Gholam Reza Zamani, Reza Shervin Badv, Parastoo Rostami, Mojtaba Movahedinia, Mostafa Qorbani, Man Amanat, Ali Reza Tavasoli
Childhood leukodystrophies are a fast-growing field of pediatric neurology practice. Epidemiologic studies on the incidence of these disorders in children show different results. This is the first report of childhood leukodystrophies incidence from Iran. The enrolled patients were recruited from the neurometabolic bioregistry system that was organized in 2010 in the Children's Medical Center, Tehran, Iran. Herein is reported the incidence rate of leukodystrophies in those patients who were residents of 2 big popular provinces near Iran's capital city Tehran, with an average child population of 2 988 800 children...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333845/-script-concordance-test-first-nationwide-experience-in-pediatrics
#8
Magali Hamui, Juan P Ferreira, Milagros Torrents, Fernando Torres, Mariano Ibarra, Maria F Ossorio, Luis Urrutia, Fernando Ferrero
The Script Concordance Test is a suitable test for assessing clinical reasoning in postgraduate medical education. We present the first nationwide, realtime, web-based experience of a Script Concordance Test administered to 3rd year pediatric residents. The test was administered to 268 residents (postgraduate year 3), from 56 different programs, requiring 46.1 ± 27.1 minutes to complete it, and scoring 65.3 ± 7.47 points. A later survey showed limited satisfaction from participants. This experience showed that this kind of test is feasible in this setting...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330199/association-between-community-socioeconomic-characteristics-and-access-to-youth-flag-football
#9
Emily Kroshus, Aly J Sonnen, Sara Pd Chrisman, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that opportunities for non-tackling American football (e.g., flag football) be expanded, given concerns about the risks of brain trauma from tackle football. This study tested the hypothesis that flag football would be more accessible in communities characterised by higher socioeconomic status residents. METHODS: In July 2017, the locations of community-based organisations offering youth flag and tackle football for youth between the ages of 6 and 13 in two US states (Georgia and Washington) were aggregated (n=440)...
January 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326819/association-between-bullying-and-pediatric-psychiatric-hospitalizations
#10
Hadassa Leader, Jasmine Singh, Ayesha Ghaffar, Cheryl de Silva
Objectives: Bullying is a serious public health issue. We sought to demonstrate an association between bullying victimization and hospital admissions for acute psychiatric problems. We described the demographics and types of bullying in a sample of hospitalized patients in Staten Island, NY, and compared bullying victimization scores with psychiatric versus medical admissions. Methods: Patients in grades 3-12 were recruited from the Staten Island University Hospital Inpatient Pediatrics unit and emergency department...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326514/modified-angle-s-classification-for-primary-dentition
#11
Kaushik Narendra Chandranee, Narendra Jayantilal Chandranee, Devendra Nagpal, Gagandeep Lamba, Purva Choudhari, Kavita Hotwani
Aim: This study aims to propose a modification of Angle's classification for primary dentition and to assess its applicability in children from Central India, Nagpur. Methods: Modification in Angle's classification has been proposed for application in primary dentition. Small roman numbers i/ii/iii are used for primary dentition notation to represent Angle's Class I/II/III molar relationships as in permanent dentition, respectively. To assess applicability of modified Angle's classification a cross-sectional preschool 2000 children population from central India; 3-6 years of age residing in Nagpur metropolitan city of Maharashtra state were selected randomly as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324565/assessment-of-child-lead-exposure-in-a-philadelphia-community-2014
#12
Timothy Dignam, Ana Pomales, Lora Werner, E Claire Newbern, James Hodge, Jay Nielsen, Aaron Grober, Karen Scruton, Rand Young, Jack Kelly, Mary Jean Brown
INTRODUCTION: Several urban neighborhoods in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have a history of soil, household lead paint, and potential lead-emitting industry contamination. OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe blood lead levels (BLLs) in target neighborhoods, (2) identify risk factors and sources of lead exposure, (3) describe household environmental lead levels, and (4) compare results with existing data. METHODS: A simple, random, cross-sectional sampling strategy was used to enroll children 8 years or younger living in selected Philadelphia neighborhoods with a history of lead-emitting industry during July 2014...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319662/historical-analysis-of-bibliometric-trends-in-the-journal-of-pediatric-orthopaedics-with-a-particular-focus-on-sex
#13
James P Fischer, Austin E Wininger, David C Scofield, Aamir Tucker, Ethan J Kacena-Merrell, Elizabeth C Whipple, Melissa A Kacena, Randall T Loder
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedics is the clinical discipline with the lowest percentage of female residents and faculty. Pediatric orthopaedics has a higher percentage of women than other orthopaedic subspecialties. It was the purpose of this study to examine bibliometric trends in the Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics (JPO) with a specific focus on sex. METHODS: A bibliometeric analysis for the years 2015, 2005, 1995, 1985, 1981 was performed. The names of first and corresponding authors; corresponding author position; country of origin; number of institutions, countries, authors, printed pages, and references was tabulated...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318992/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-pediatric-patients-in-a-single-tertiary-hospital-in-ankara
#14
Ayşe Kaman, Gönül Tanır, Zeynep Gökçe Gayretli Aydın, Özge Metin, Türkan Aydın Teke, Fatma Nur Öz, Mesut Mungan
OBJECTIVE: Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease that is caused by a protozoan parasite of the Leishmania genus and that occurs worldwide. Leishmaniasis is endemic in southeastern Turkey and the neighboring Middle Eastern countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of patients admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). METHODS: A total of 16 CL patients [11 (69%) boys and five (31%) girls] were admitted between January 2014 and December 2015...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311177/medical-students-views-of-medicine-as-a-calling-and-selection-of-a-primary-care-related-residency
#15
Audiey C Kao, Andrew J Jager
With the US health care system facing a primary care physician shortage, we evaluated whether medical students who saw medicine as a calling were more likely to enter a family medicine, internal medicine, or pediatrics residency program. Of the 591 4th-year medical students who responded to a survey item on medicine as a calling, 237 strongly agreed that the "practice of medicine is a calling." Students who strongly agreed that medicine was a calling had higher odds (P=.003) of selecting a primary care-related residency...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304919/cranial-tumor-surgical-outcomes-at-a-high-volume-academic-referral-center
#16
Desmond A Brown, Benjamin T Himes, Brittny T Major, Benjamin F Mundell, Ravi Kumar, Bruce Kall, Fredric B Meyer, Michael J Link, Bruce E Pollock, John D Atkinson, Jamie J Van Gompel, W Richard Marsh, Giuseppe Lanzino, Mohamad Bydon, Ian F Parney
OBJECTIVE: To determine adverse event rates for adult cranial neuro-oncologic surgeries performed at a high-volume quaternary academic center and assess the impact of resident participation on perioperative complication rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All adult patients undergoing neurosurgical intervention for an intracranial neoplastic lesion between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were included. Cases were categorized as biopsy, extra-axial/skull base, intra-axial, or transsphenoidal...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301735/integrating-patient-centered-electronic-health-record-communication-training-into-resident-onboarding-curriculum-development-and-post-implementation-survey-among-housestaff
#17
Maria Alcocer Alkureishi, Wei Wei Lee, Sandra Webb, Vineet Arora
BACKGROUND: Electronic health record (EHR) use can enhance or undermine the ability of providers to deliver effective, humanistic patient-centered care. Given patient-centered care has been found to positively impact patient health outcomes, it is critical to provide formal education on patient-centered EHR communication skills. Unfortunately, despite increasing worldwide EHR adoption, few institutions educate trainees on EHR communication best practices. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this research was to develop and deliver mandatory patient-centered EHR training to all incoming housestaff at the University of Chicago...
January 4, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299817/two-novel-urban-health-primary-care-residency-tracks-that-focus-on-community-level-structural-vulnerabilities
#18
Benjamin J Oldfield, Bennett W Clark, Monica C Mix, Katherine C Shaw, Janet R Serwint, Sanjay V Desai, Rachel M Kruzan, Rosalyn W Stewart, Sebastian Ruhs, Leonard S Feldman
BACKGROUND: Although residency programs are well situated for developing a physician workforce with knowledge, skills, and attitudes that incorporate the strengths and reflect the priorities of community organizations, few curricula explicitly do so. AIM: To develop urban health primary care tracks for internal medicine and combined internal medicine-pediatrics residents. SETTING: Academic hospital, community health center, and community-based organizations...
January 3, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282167/pediatric-dental-resident-s-education-on-children-with-special-health-care-needs-in-the-united-states
#19
Suher Baker, Marc Thomas
PURPOSE: To describe pediatric dental residents education as it pertains to children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN). METHODS: A web-based survey was administered to 80 program directors of pediatric dental residencies recognized by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). The survey identified demographic data and education and training methods pertaining to CSHCN. RESULTS: Forty surveys (50 percent) were received from programs in all six AAPD regions...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280986/disparities-in-non-fatal-health-outcomes-in-pediatric-general-trauma-studies
#20
REVIEW
Shanthi Ameratunga, Jacqueline Ramke, Nicki Jackson, Sandar Tin Tin, Belinda Gabbe
When prevention efforts fail, injured children require high-quality health services to support their recovery. Disparities in non-fatal injury outcomes, an indicator of health-care quality, have received minimal attention. We evaluated the extent to which general trauma follow-up studies published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature provide evidence of socially patterned inequities in health, functional or disability outcomes ≥4 weeks after childhood injuries. Using a systematic search, we identified 27 eligible cohort studies from 13 high-income countries...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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