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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217529/study-of-awareness-of-adrenal-disorders-among-interns-and-postgraduate-students-of-hamidia-hospital-bhopal
#1
Sachin Chittawar, T N Dubey, Jitendra Sharma, Sagar Khandare
INTRODUCTION: Adrenal disorders could be a life-threatening emergency, hence requires immediate therapeutic management. For this awareness regarding its diagnosis, management, and treatment is prime important. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To study the awareness of adrenal disorders among interns and postgraduates students of Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed. Fifty-six participants, i...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207893/career-interest-and-perceptions-of-nephrology-a-repeated-cross-sectional-survey-of-internal-medicine-residents
#2
Michael N Daniels, Sharon Maynard, Ivan Porter, Hope Kincaid, Deepika Jain, Nabeel Aslam
BACKGROUND: Interest in nephrology careers among internal medicine residents in the United States is declining. Our objective was to assess the impact of the presence of a nephrology fellowship training program on perceptions and career interest in nephrology among internal medicine residents. A secondary objective was to identify commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology among internal medicine residents. METHODS: This was a repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents before (Group 1) and 3 years after (Group 2) the establishment of nephrology fellowship programs at two institutions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198724/engaging-learners-to-advance-medical-education
#3
Jesse Burk-Rafel, R Logan Jones, Janice L Farlow
Learners are a pillar of academic medicine, yet their voice is seldom heard in national and international scholarly conversations on medical education. However, learners are eager to contribute: in response to a recent open call from Academic Medicine, medical students and residents representing 98 institutions across 11 countries submitted 224 Letters to the Editor on wide-ranging topics. In this Invited Commentary, the authors-three medical students serving in national leadership roles-contextualize several themes discussed in these learner-authored letters...
February 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198722/triad-viii-nationwide-multicenter-evaluation-to-determine-whether-patient-video-testimonials-can-safely-help-ensure-appropriate-critical-versus-end-of-life-care
#4
Ferdinando L Mirarchi, Timothy E Cooney, Arvind Venkat, David Wang, Thaddeus M Pope, Abra L Fant, Stanley A Terman, Kevin M Klauer, Monica Williams-Murphy, Michael A Gisondi, Brian Clemency, Ankur A Doshi, Mari Siegel, Mary S Kraemer, Kate Aberger, Stephanie Harman, Neera Ahuja, Jestin N Carlson, Melody L Milliron, Kristopher K Hart, Chelsey D Gilbertson, Jason W Wilson, Larissa Mueller, Lori Brown, Bradley D Gordon
OBJECTIVE: End-of-life interventions should be predicated on consensus understanding of patient wishes. Written documents are not always understood; adding a video testimonial/message (VM) might improve clarity. Goals of this study were to (1) determine baseline rates of consensus in assigning code status and resuscitation decisions in critically ill scenarios and (2) determine whether adding a VM increases consensus. METHODS: We randomly assigned 2 web-based survey links to 1366 faculty and resident physicians at institutions with graduate medical education programs in emergency medicine, family practice, and internal medicine...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198342/-career-development-of-medical-school-graduates-comparison-of-medical-students-from-utrecht-leiden-and-groningen
#5
V van Dee, B M van der Klis, M R van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight in the career development of Utrecht medical school graduates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHOD: In November 2015, we investigated the achieved academic title, occupation and position for 281 graduates who had started their medical education at University Medical Centre Utrecht (UMCU) in the academic year 2003-2004. Information was gathered from the BIG-register for medical professionals, through social media and Google, and if necessary through private messaging...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197967/year-end-clinic-handoffs-a-national-survey-of-academic-internal-medicine-programs
#6
Erica Phillips, Christina Harris, Wei Wei Lee, Amber T Pincavage, Karin Ouchida, Rachel K Miller, Saima Chaudhry, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: While there has been increasing emphasis and innovation nationwide in training residents in inpatient handoffs, very little is known about the practice and preparation for year-end clinic handoffs of residency outpatient continuity practices. Thus, the latter remains an identified, yet nationally unaddressed, patient safety concern. OBJECTIVES: The 2014 annual Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM) survey included seven items for assessing the current year-end clinic handoff practices of internal medicine residency programs throughout the country...
February 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194690/impact-of-pregnancy-and-gender-on-internal-medicine-resident-evaluations-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Megan L Krause, Muhamad Y Elrashidi, Andrew J Halvorsen, Furman S McDonald, Amy S Oxentenko
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and its impact on graduate medical training are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of gender and pregnancy for Internal Medicine (IM) residents on evaluations by peers and faculty. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: All IM residents in training from July 1, 2004-June 30, 2014, were included. Female residents who experienced pregnancy and male residents whose partners experienced pregnancy during training were identified using an existing administrative database...
February 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194689/exploring-physician-perspectives-of-residency-holdover-handoffs-a-qualitative-study-to-understand-an-increasingly-important-type-of-handoff
#8
Jonathan A Duong, Trevor P Jensen, Sasha Morduchowicz, Michelle Mourad, James D Harrison, Sumant R Ranji
BACKGROUND: The term "holdover admissions" refers to patients admitted by an overnight physician and whose care is then transferred to a new primary team the next morning. Descriptions of the holdover process in internal medicine are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To identify important factors affecting the quality of holdover handoffs at an internal medicine (IM) residency program and to compare them to previously identified factors for other handoffs. DESIGN: We undertook a qualitative study using structured focus groups and interviews...
February 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192276/abortion-health-services-in-canada-results-of-a-2012-national-survey
#9
Wendy V Norman, Edith R Guilbert, Christopher Okpaleke, Althea S Hayden, E Steven Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul, Katharine O'Connell White, Heidi E Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location of Canadian abortion services relative to where reproductive-age women reside, and the characteristics of abortion facilities and providers. DESIGN: An international survey was adapted for Canadian relevance. Public sources and professional networks were used to identify facilities. The bilingual survey was distributed by mail and e-mail from July to November 2013. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 94 abortion facilities were identified...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician M├ędecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179712/identifying-best-practices-for-and-utilities-of-the-pharmacy-curriculum-outcome-assessment-examination
#10
REVIEW
Timothy Y Mok, Frank Romanelli
Objective. A review was conducted to determine implementation strategies, utilities, score interpretation, and limitations of the Pharmacy Curriculum Outcome Assessment (PCOA) examination. Methods. Articles were identified through the PubMed and American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts databases using the following terms: "Pharmacy Curriculum Outcomes Assessment," "pharmacy comprehensive examination," and "curricular assessment." Studies containing information regarding implementation, utility, and predictive values for US student pharmacists, curricula, and/or PGY1/PGY2 residents were included...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178918/global-health-training-among-u-s-residency-specialties-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Duncan K Hau, Luke R Smart, Jennifer I DiPace, Robert N Peck
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health training during residency is increasing. Global health knowledge is also becoming essential for health-care delivery today. Many U.S. residency programs have been incorporating global health training opportunities for their residents. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate global health training opportunities and challenges among U.S. residency specialties. METHODS: We searched PubMed from its earliest dates until October 2015...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174318/integrating-quality-improvement-education-into-the-nephrology-curricular-milestones-framework-and-the-clinical-learning-environment-review
#12
Lisa K Prince, Dustin J Little, Katherine I Schexneider, Christina M Yuan
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that trainees show progressive milestone attainment in the practice-based learning and systems-based practice competencies. As part of the Clinical Learning Environment Review, sponsoring hospitals must educate trainees in health care quality improvement, provide them with specialty-specific quality data, and ensure trainee participation in quality improvement activities and committees. Subspecialty-specific quality improvement curricula in nephrology training programs have not been reported, although considerable curricular and assessment material exists for specialty residencies, including tools for assessing trainee and faculty competence...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168318/endophyte-bioprospecting-in-south-asian-medicinal-plants-an-attractive-resource-for-biopharmaceuticals
#13
REVIEW
Rabia Tanvir, Aqeel Javeed, Aamir Ghafoor Bajwa
From the last several years, there has been an increasing interest in plant-associated bacteria commonly referred to as endophytes that reside asymptomatically in the internal plant tissues. This interest peaked since the last two decades due to the recognition that endophytes within medicinal plants have the capability to mimic and produce the bioactive metabolites of the host plant. A number of medicinal plants have been used for centuries by the people of South Asia to cure various diseases and this has led to abundant usage experience...
February 6, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164320/perception-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-performed-by-emergency-medicine-physicians
#14
Whitney Hansen, Carl E Mitchell, Bikash Bhattarai, Napatkamon Ayutyanont, Jeffrey R Stowell
PURPOSE: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is integral to the practice of emergency medicine (EM). Furthermore, EM-performed POCUS (EM-POCUS) offers consultants the opportunity to avoid delays in care due to wait times for confirmatory imaging studies. This study is the first to describe the perception of POCUS to consulting services at a single institution where EM-POCUS is routinely performed. METHODS: This study was conducted as a survey distributed to residents from consultant specialties (internal medicine [IM], general surgery [GS], and obstetrics and gynecology [OB-GYN])...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163848/empathy-score-among-student-residence-assistants-in-iran
#15
Najmeh Shahini, Kambiz Akhavane Rezayat, Fatemeh Behdani, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh Shojaei, Amir Akhavan Rezayat, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
INTRODUCTION: Empathy, an essential component of the physician-patient relationship, may be linked to positive patient outcomes. This study aimed to determine the empathy score among student residence assistants (RAs). METHODS: In this descriptive design (cross-sectional study), 102 Iranian RAs participated in the study during 2015, completing the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSPE). Data collection was analyzed using SPSS version 17. MANOVA, independent-samples t-test, Spearman correlation and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for data analysis...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158886/resident-and-faculty-perceptions-of-chart-stimulated-recall
#16
Stephen R Holt, Andre N Sofair
OBJECTIVES: Chart-stimulated recall (CSR) is a case-based interviewing technique advocated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education as an assessment tool across a variety of clinical competencies, yet resident and faculty perceptions of this exercise have not been reported previously. The authors incorporated a CSR exercise into an internal medicine residency program and sought to assess the perceptions of residents and faculty participants. METHODS: Faculty met weekly with night float residents at the end of their shift...
February 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156648/is-empathy-associated-with-a-derived-sense-of-meaning-among-resident-physicians-working-with-patients-nearing-the-end-of-life-on-a-hematology-oncology-ward
#17
Jonathan Komisar
: 28 Background: An association between empathy and physician-in-training based meaning derived from patient deaths has not been explored previously. If meaning is associated with empathy, an intervention to enhance meaning may counteract empathy decline and promote clinician resilience. This study sought to understand if empathy might be associated with the ability to find meaning in the clinical situations that residents face in oncology. METHODS: Internal Medicine residents rotating on a Hematology/Oncology ward were asked "Do you derive a sense of meaning from working with dying patients? Yes or No...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156626/effect-of-a-communication-skills-intervention-on-resident-comfort-and-knowledge-of-discussing-goals-of-care-and-advance-care-planning
#18
Elizabeth Golding, Aaron Lampkin, Mary Walker Larach, Lawrence Klima
: 50 Background: Inpatient providers are sometimes challenged with advanced care planning for their patients. At a teaching hospital, resident physicians find themselves tasked with this responsibility for inpatients they may have only just met, as well as in their assigned outpatient panel. Education on communication skills though has been shown to improve resident comfort level and knowledge of discussing goals of care and advance care planning. METHODS: Internal medicine categorical residents (n = 15) and preliminary (n = 3) residents at a university-affiliated, community hospital learned the fundamentals of discussing goals of care and advance care planning using selected modules from the Center for Advancing Palliative Care's (CAPC) online curriculum in communication skills during their outpatient clinic rotation from February through June 2016...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152848/do-perceived-barriers-to-lung-cancer-screening-differ-between-attending-physicians-and-residents
#19
Laura Jones, Katie Marsh, M Patricia Rivera, Paul Molina, Dan Reuland, J Michael Bowling, Katherine Birchard, Susan Maygarden, Louise Henderson
: 192 Background: In February 2015, legislation went into effect requiring Medicare to cover lung cancer (LC) screening with low dose computed tomography (LDCT) for high risk patients. Despite this, much debate and uncertainty exist among physicians about LC screening best practices. We aim to compare perceived barriers to LC screening between resident and attending physicians in Family and Internal Medicine, two departments selected for their high likelihood of seeing patients eligible for LC screening...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152847/lung-cancer-screening-knowledge-and-beliefs-among-primary-care-providers-and-pulmonologists
#20
Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Laura Jones, M Patricia Rivera, J Michael Bowling, Paul Molina, Susan Maygarden, Katherine Birchard, Dan Reuland, Louise Henderson
: 191 Background: In response to the National Lung Screening Trial's findings, numerous professional organizations have published guidelines recommending annual lung cancer (LC) screening with low dose computed tomography (LDCT) for eligible patients. In the wake of these guidelines, we sought to assess LC screening practices and beliefs among providers at a large academic medical center. METHODS: In 2015, we surveyed 54 physicians and 9 residents in pulmonology (27% response rate) and 86 physicians and 100 residents in family/internal medicine (39% response rate)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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