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salbutamol vs aminophylline

S Singhi, S Banerjee, H Nanjundaswamy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of aerosolized budesonide therapy (with metered dose inhaler and spacer) early in the emergency room treatment of acute moderate exacerbations of bronchial asthma in children. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Paediatric Emergency Service of an urban teaching hospital and a tertiary case referral centre. STUDY POPULATION: Sixty children between 3 and 12 years of age with an acute moderate exacerbation of asthma...
October 1999: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
N Jana, K Vasishta, S C Saha, B Khunnu
The course of pregnancy and labour, and perinatal outcome of 182 pregnancies complicated by bronchial asthma, over a 10-year period were studied. Antiasthmatic medications included oral and/or parenteral beta 2-agonists, theophylline, aminophylline, corticosteroids, and inhaled salbutamol and beclomethasone. A control group of 364 nonasthmatic gravidas was matched for age and parity. In asthmatic gravidas, antenatal complications mean duration of pregnancy (38.5 weeks), mode of delivery, incidence of prematurity (13...
June 1995: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
C Rodrigo, G Rodrigo
We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine if intravenous aminophylline adds any benefit to high doses of inhaled salbutamol in patients who presented for treatment of acute asthma. We studied 94 patients (mean age, 35.6 +/- 11.2 years) with moderate to severe acute asthma. All patients received therapy with salbutamol delivered with metered-dose inhaler (MDI) into a spacer device (Volumatic) in four puffs (400 micrograms) at 10-min interval, and intravenous hydrocortisone (500 mg)...
October 1994: Chest
C H Marquette, B Stach, E Cardot, J F Bervar, F Saulnier, J J Lafitte, P Goldstein, B Wallaert, A B Tonnel
The optimal amount of systemic corticosteroids to be used in acute severe asthma remains an unresolved issue. In this double-blind, randomized study we compared two doses of methylprednisolone (1 vs 6 q.d.) in asthmatics presenting with an acute severe asthma attack, unresponsive to an intensive beta 2-agonist regimen administered during a run-in period. Concurrent therapy, including oxygen, inhaled and intravenous salbutamol, and aminophylline was strictly standardized. The response was assessed by serial bedside spirometry...
January 1995: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
I Bakran, B Vrhovac, F Plavsić
A comparative, double-blind, cross-over trial of aminophylline (6 mg/kg i.v.) and salbutamol (200 mcg per inhalationem) was conducted in six male patients (20 to 46 years) with exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Both aminophylline and salbutamol successfully prevented EIA. The serum concentration of theophylline was within the normal range (9.8--20.3 mcg/ml). The effect of salbutamol was slightly more pronounced than the effect of aminophylline but not statistically significant. Because of the more convenient method of application, the authors give priority to salbutamol in the prevention of EIA...
October 1980: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Therapy, and Toxicology
D M Patrick, R E Dales, R M Stark, G Laliberte, G Dickinson
Single dose studies have assessed the utility of ipratropium bromide alone or with beta agonists in the short- and long-term management of chronic obstructive lung disease and asthma. We performed a randomized, double-blind trial to assess the incremental benefit over 24 hours of adding ipratropium vs placebo to a standardized regimen of medications commonly used in the acute and subsequent hospital management of COPD and asthma. Sixty-eight subjects received nebulized salbutamol, intravenous methylprednisolone, intravenous aminophylline, and antibiotics and were randomized to receive either 80 micrograms of ipratropium or placebo via metered dose inhaler and spacing device with each salbutamol treatment (6 to 8 times per day)...
August 1990: Chest
C Janson, G Boman
The effect of i.v. theophylline after high-dose beta 2-agonist treatment in severe acute asthma was studied in 30 patients from a multicentre study who reported not having taken theophylline during the last 24 hours. One hour after the start of inhaled or i.v. salbutamol treatment, all patients received 6 mg/kg of i.v. theophylline. The plasma concentration 30 minutes after the start of the theophylline infusion was 78 +/- 13 mumol/l (mean +/- SD). The mean change (delta) in peak expiratory flow (PEF) was 8 +/- 6% of the predicted 30 minutes after the theophylline infusion and 7 +/- 5% 60 minutes after it...
1992: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
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