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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651406/-survival-time-of-newly-diagnosed-hiv-aids-cases-and-related-factors-in-china-2010
#1
H L Tang, J Li, J Han, J Xu, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the survival time of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases and related factors in China in 2010. Methods: The reporting cards and follow-up cards of HIV/AIDS cases reported as of 31 December 2015 were collected from national AIDS information system. The newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases in 2010 were selected. The information of follow-up intervention, CD(4+)T cells (CD(4)) testing, antiretroviral treatment and mortality of the cases from 2010 to 2015 were analyzed. Life table method was applied to calculate the survival probability...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651405/-clinical-stages-and-outcomes-of-severe-cases-on-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#2
J Zhang, Y Jin, J L Sun, Y X Wang, X J Wang, X Q Fu, Z P Miao, J Lyu
Objective: To understand the characteristics and relation of clinical stage and outcome of severe cases on hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and to establish the evaluation method for understanding severity of this disease. Methods: According to factors as geographical location, economic and epidemic levels, five provinces (Henan, Shandong, Yunnan, Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces) were selected. Reported severe cases of HFMD from the National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System were selected randomly in the five provinces...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651360/novel-reproductive-technologies-to-prevent-mitochondrial-disease
#3
Lyndsey Craven, Mao-Xing Tang, Gráinne S Gorman, Petra De Sutter, Björn Heindryckx
BACKGROUND: The use of nuclear transfer (NT) has been proposed as a novel reproductive treatment to overcome the transmission of maternally-inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. Pathogenic mutations in mtDNA can cause a wide-spectrum of life-limiting disorders, collectively known as mtDNA disease, for which there are currently few effective treatments and no known cures. The many unique features of mtDNA make genetic counselling challenging for women harbouring pathogenic mtDNA mutations but reproductive options that involve medical intervention are available that will minimize the risk of mtDNA disease in their offspring...
June 23, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651327/alpha-klotho-and-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-among-alcoholics
#4
Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Emilio González-Reimers, Melchor Rodríguez-Gaspar, Candelaria Martín-González, Onán Pérez-Hernández, Lucía Romero-Acevedo, Elisa Espelosín-Ortega, María José de la Vega-Prieto, Francisco Santolaria-Fernández
Aims: Alcoholism may be a cardiovascular risk factor. Osteocyte derived molecules such as fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and soluble α Klotho have recently been associated with cardiovascular disease, but their role in alcoholics is unknown. We here analyze the behavior of FGF23 and α Klotho in alcoholics. Methods: Ninety-seven alcoholic patients were assessed for liver function, presence of hypertension, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), vascular calcifications (assessed by chest X-ray) and nutritional status (lean and fat mass measured by densitometry)...
June 23, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651248/evaluation-of-plasma-thrombomodulin-in-patients-with-coronary-slow-flow
#5
Yong Wang, Peng-Yu Jia, Bao-Jun Chen, Yan Chen, Hang Yu, Yao Yu, Hui-Min Yang, Da-Lin Jia, Chun-Yan Ma
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that coronary slow flow (CSF) is associated with acute myocardial infarction, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and even sudden cardiac death. Although studies concerning the etiopathogenesis of CSF are scarce, diffuse atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction are thought to play important roles. It has been suggested that a high plasma thrombomodulin (TM) level seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651228/ante-situm-liver-resection-with-inferior-vena-cava-replacement-under-hypothermic-cardiopolmunary-bypass-for-hepatoblastoma-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Roberta Angelico, Annalisa Passariello, Michele Pilato, Tommaso Cozzolino, Marcello Piazza, Roberto Miraglia, Paolo D'Angelo, Mariella Capasso, Maria Cristina Saffioti, Daniele Alberti, Marco Spada
INTRODUCTION: Hepatoblastoma with tumour thrombi extending into inferior-vena-cava and right atrium are often unresectable with an extremely poor prognosis. The surgical approach is technically challenging and might require major liver resection with vascular reconstruction and extracorporeal circulation. However, which is the best surgical technique is yet unclear. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 11-months-old boy was referred for a right hepatic lobe mass(90×78mm) suspicious of hepatoblastoma with tumoral thrombi extending into the inferior-vena-cava and the right atrium, bilateral lung lesions and serum alpha-fetoprotein level of 50...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651227/double-cystic-duct-preoperatively-diagnosed-and-successfully-treated-with-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#7
Atsushi Fujii, Masatsugu Hiraki, Noriyuki Egawa, Hiroshi Kono, Takao Ide, Junichi Nojiri, Junji Ueda, Hiroyuki Irie, Hirokazu Noshiro
INTRODUCTION: A single gallbladder with a double cystic duct is a very rare finding. In addition, few cases with this rare condition are preoperatively diagnosed. However, the preoperative confirmation or suspicion of this rare condition could facilitate safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which is a minimally invasive therapeutic modality for gallbladder disease. We herein present a case of gallstone disease in a patient with a double cystic duct who was preoperatively diagnosed and successfully treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651223/impact-of-wastewater-derived-dissolved-interfering-compounds-on-growth-enzymatic-activity-and-trace-organic-contaminant-removal-of-white-rot-fungi-a-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Muhammad B Asif, Faisal I Hai, Jingwei Hou, William E Price, Long D Nghiem
White-rot fungi (WRF) and their ligninolytic enzymes have been investigated for the removal of a broad spectrum of trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) mostly from synthetic wastewater in lab-scale experiments. Only a few studies have reported the efficiency of such systems for the removal of TrOCs from real wastewater. Wastewater derived organic and inorganic compounds can inhibit: (i) WRF growth and their enzyme production capacity; (ii) enzymatic activity of ligninolytic enzymes; and (iii) catalytic efficiency of both WRF and enzymes...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651220/clozapine-versus-other-antipsychotics-during-the-first-18-weeks-of-treatment-a-retrospective-study-on-risk-factor-increase-of-blood-dyscrasias
#9
Michele Fabrazzo, Vincenzo Prisco, Gaia Sampogna, Francesco Perris, Francesco Catapano, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Mario Maj
Blood dyscrasias excluding agranulocytosis received limited attention in antipsychotic-treated patients during the first 18 weeks of therapy, although severe clinical conditions have been reported in a few cases. We extracted data records of 285 Caucasian patients after 18 weeks of antipsychotic treatments to investigate risk factors of blood dyscrasias. We observed a higher risk to develop both transient and persistent anemia, neutrophilia and eosinophilia in clozapine-treated patients, whereas in those treated with other atypical antipsychotics when compared to a reference group under typical antipsychotics, emerged an increased risk for transient neutrophilia and eosinophilia...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651196/dancing-to-death-a-case-of-heat-stroke
#10
K Nadesan, Chandra Kumari, Mohd Afiq
Heat stroke is a medical emergency which may lead to mortality unless diagnosed early and treated effectively. Heat stroke may manifest rapidly, hence making it difficult to differentiate it from other clinical causes in a collapsed victim.(1) We are presenting a case report of twelve patients who were admitted to our emergency department from a music festival held on 13-15th of March 2014. They developed complications arising from a combination of severe adverse weather condition, prolonged outdoor physical exertion due to long hours of dancing and drug-use, resulting in heat stroke...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651007/urban-chikungunya-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-a-systematic-review
#11
John M Humphrey, Natalie B Cleton, Chantal B E M Reusken, Marshall J Glesby, Marion P G Koopmans, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is not well characterized despite increasing recognition of its expanding infection and disease burden in recent years. METHODOLOGY / PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Following Cochrane Collaboration guidelines and reporting our findings following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed records describing the human prevalence and incidence, CHIKV prevalence/infection rates in vectors, outbreaks, and reported cases for CHIKV across the MENA region...
June 26, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650984/clinical-characteristics-of-second-primary-pancreatic-cancer
#12
Jung Hyun Jo, In Rae Cho, Jang Han Jung, Hee Seung Lee, Moon Jae Chung, Seungmin Bang, Seung Woo Park, Jae Bock Chung, Si Young Song, Jeong Youp Park
PURPOSE: Several studies reported the increased risk of second primary pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (2nd PDAC) in cancer survivors. However, data on the characteristics of 2nd PDAC are insufficient. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 1759 patients with PDAC. They were classified as having 2nd PDAC or first primary PDAC (1st PDAC) according to a prior diagnosed cancer of different origin, at least 6 months before PDAC diagnosis. RESULTS: There were 110 patients (6...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650952/novel-patient-positioning-apparatus-for-retinal-surgery-in-a-case-of-severe-kyphosis
#13
Douglas S M Iaboni, Mark E Seamone, Mary S Stairs, Daniel M OʼBrien, M Sheldon Bisson, R Rishi Gupta
PURPOSE: To describe a novel patient positioning apparatus for intraocular surgery capable of accommodating patients with thoracic kyphosis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 60-year-old man presented with a macula-off retinal detachment and severe ankylosing spondylitis. The patient was scheduled for combined pars plana vitrectomy and scleral buckle. Because of the patient's severe kyphosis, a custom-designed positioning apparatus was built...
June 23, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650951/development-and-progression-of-a-lamellar-macular-hole-with-lamellar-hole-associated-epiretinal-proliferation
#14
Denise Compera, Matteo G Cereda, Ricarda G Schumann, Ferdinando Bottoni
PURPOSE: To describe evolution and progression of a lamellar macular hole (LMH) with "lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation (LHEP)" using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: We report on a 63-year-old male patient demonstrating a complete history of LMH development with LHEP occurring during a follow-up period of 8 years. Presenting with a normal foveal contour and attached posterior vitreous at first visit, an LMH developed shortly after incomplete posterior vitreous detachment with vitreopapillary adhesion...
June 23, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650947/three-dimensional-deformities-of-non-operative-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-a-surface-matching-analysis
#15
Satoshi Oki, Noboru Matsumura, Yoshimori Kiriyama, Takuji Iwamoto, Kazuki Sato, Takeo Nagura
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the three-dimensional deformities of midshaft clavicle fractures, which had been treated nonoperatively, using computed tomography (CT) surface matching. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with unilateral midshaft clavicle fracture, who had been treated nonoperatively, were enrolled and evaluated retrospectively. The three-dimensional deformity of the fractured clavicle was evaluated by CT surface matching. CT scans of 21 age- and sex-matched patients with initial traumatic shoulder dislocation or proximal humeral fracture were enrolled as a control group, and the differences in three-dimensional deformities and lengths of the clavicles between the fracture group and the control group were evaluated...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650935/fulminant-sepsis-due-to-granulibacter-bethesdensis-in-a-4-year-old-boy-with-x-linked-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#16
Erick F Mayer, Philip Gialanella, Iona Munjal, Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles, Jasmeen Dara
Granulibacter bethesdensis is a Gram-negative bacillus described as a pathogen exclusively in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a phagocytic disorder that impairs the ability to clear catalase-producing organisms. Granulibacter usually causes chronic and recurrent lymphadenopathies. We report the fatal case of a 4-year-old boy with CGD, who presented with sepsis after a few days of abdominal pain and diarrhea.
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650923/the-effect-of-false-positive-mammograms-on-antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-initiation
#17
Joel E Segel, Rajesh Balkrishnan, Richard A Hirth
BACKGROUND: Despite reported increases in anxiety following a false-positive mammogram, there is little evidence the effect rises to the clinical level of initiating medication. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of a false-positive mammogram on antidepressant or anxiolytic initiation and identify subpopulations most at risk. SUBJECTS: MarketScan commercial and Medicaid claims databases used to identify women ages 40-64 undergoing screening mammography with no prior antidepressant or anxiolytic claims...
June 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650920/intraoperative-imaging-of-retained-perfluorocarbon-liquid-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#18
Margaret R Strampe, Mark M Kaehr, Joseph Carroll, Judy E Kim
PURPOSE: To report images of retained perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) on the surface of the retina obtained during an intraoperative use of hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography. METHODS: A 54-year-old man underwent pars plana vitrectomy with injection of PFCL to repair retinal detachment. Postoperatively, visually significant PFCL droplets were found to be retained in the eye. During the surgical removal of PFCL, a hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography was used to image the retina with the patient supine...
June 19, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650856/a-rare-case-of-pupillary-block-glaucoma-following-centraflow-implantable-collamer-lens-surgery
#19
Isha G Grover, Sirisha Senthil, Somasheila Murthy, Jagadesh C Reddy
A 28-year-old lady with a refractive error of -11.0 D sphere/-1.50 D cylinder at 160 degrees in the right eye underwent an uneventful Implantable Collamer Lens surgery (ICL) with a V4c model, which uses a central Aquaport. This ICL does not require preoperative laser iridotomy or surgical iridectomy, as the centraflow opening is designed to prevent pupillary block. At postoperative day 1, her visual acuity in the right eye was 20/400, with diffuse microcystic corneal edema with fixed, dilated pupil and high intraocular pressure...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650783/conservative-treatment-of-multiple-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumors-in-a-young-patient-with-nevoid-basal-cell-carcinoma-syndrome-by-decompression-a-7-year-follow-up-study
#20
Su-Hyun Kim, Min-Seok Oh, Yo-Seob Seo, Jin-Young Kim, Soon-Hyeun Nam, Su-Min Lim
Multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT) occurred in a young child is challenging problem in the field of pediatric dentistry, and might have been related to nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS). Because of high recurrence rate of KCOTs, complete surgical resection is generally accepted as definitive treatment. However, complete surgical resection could induce negative effect on the development of permanent teeth and growth of jaw. Herein, we reported successful treatment case of young KCOT patient with NBCCS...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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