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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528535/campylobacter-infections-a-significant-issue-of-veterinary-urban-hygiene-dog%C3%A2-related-risk-factors
#1
Filomena Iannino, Guido Di Donato, Enzo Ruggieri, Stefania Salucci, Fabrizio De Massis, Elisabetta Di Giannatale
Campylobacter spp. are ubiquitous bacteria and campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans in Europe, since 2005. Handling or consuming contaminated/undercooked meat (especially poultry) are the most important sources of human campylobacteriosis. However, in recent years, the role of dogs as a source of infection for humans has been amply demonstrated. Approximately 6% of human campylobacteriosis cases are due to contact with pets. This review analyses the current literature related to risk factors at the dog-human interface...
March 3, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528532/caged-young-pigeons-mortality-by-coleoptera-larvae
#2
Adele Magliano, Jiri Hava, Andrea Di Giulio, Antonino Barone, Claudio De Liberato
Dermestidae and Tenebrionidae are well known inhabitants of bird's nests and poultry farms, under favourable conditions they can be very abundant under favourable conditions. At times, their larvae shift from a scavenging behaviour to a parasitic/predatory one, entering nestling's plumage and feeding on skin and feathers, and nally provoking skin damages and blood losses. These episodes mainly involve species of the genus Dermestes, but the tenebrionid Alphitobius diaperinus h also been reported to be responsible of similar cases...
April 11, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528522/reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-like-reactive-hemophagocytic-syndrome-associated-with-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-a-hiv-patient
#3
REVIEW
Sandra M Gómez-Espejo, Julián Olalla-Sierra, Pilar Marí-Jiménez, Teresa Pereda-Salguero, Javier Pérez-Stachowski, Javier de-la-Torre-Lima, Alfonso Del-Arco-Jiménez, José L Prada-Pardal
We describe an unusual clinical association of disseminated histoplasmosis with reactive hemophagocytic syndrome. We report the case of a new HIV-positive patient with reconstitution inflammatory syndrome like reactive hemophagocytic syndrome associated with disseminated histoplasmosis. We describe the clinical case, the procedures performed, the treatment provided and the patient's evolution. A figure of liver biopsy Grocott's silver methenamine stain that shows lots of uniform ovoid yeasts in portal spaces' macrophages that supports the diagnosis of disseminated histoplasmosis in our case...
May 20, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528519/il-6-blockade-in-the-management-of-non-infectious-uveitis
#4
Giuseppe Lopalco, Claudia Fabiani, Jurgen Sota, Orso Maria Lucherini, Gian Marco Tosi, Bruno Frediani, Florenzo Iannone, Mauro Galeazzi, Rossella Franceschini, Donato Rigante, Luca Cantarini
Several pathogenetic studies have paved the way for a newer more rational therapeutic approach to non-infectious uveitis, and treatment of different forms of immune-driven uveitis has drastically evolved in recent years after the advent of biotechnological drugs. Tumor necrosis factor-α targeted therapies, the first-line recommended biologics in uveitis, have certainly led to remarkable results in patients with non-infectious uveitis. Nevertheless, the decision-making process turns out to be extremely difficult in anti-tumor necrosis factor or multidrug-resistant cases...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528509/invasive-lobular-carcinoma-with-extracellular-mucin-production-a-novel-pattern-of-lobular-carcinomas-of-the-breast-clinico-pathological-description-of-eight-cases
#5
Gábor Cserni, Giuseppe Floris, Nektarios Koufopoulos, Anikó Kovács, Afroditi Nonni, Peter Regitnig, Anders Stahls, Zsuzsanna Varga
Invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast is known to produce intracellular mucin and has been recognized in single-case reports to show extracellular mucin production, as well. This latter morphology is not only rare but must also be under- or misdiagnosed. The aim was to better characterize this entity. Cases of lobular cancers demonstrating extracellular mucin formation were identified in a multi-institutional effort and their clinical and morphologic features were assessed. Immunohistochemistry was used to characterize the E-cadherin-membrane complex, neuroendocrine differentiation, and to some extent, mucin formation...
May 20, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528495/dairy-farm-demographics-and-management-factors-that-played-a-role-in-the-re-emergence-of-brucellosis-on-dairy-cattle-farms-in-fiji
#6
Andrew Tukana, B Gummow
Little is published on risk factors associated with bovine brucellosis in Pacific island communities. The 2009 re-emergence of bovine brucellosis in Fiji enabled us to do an interview-based questionnaire survey of 81 farms in the Wainivesi locality of the Tailevu province on the main island of Fiji to investigate what risk factors could have played a role in the re-emergence of the disease. The survey was conducted on 68 farms that had no positive cases of bovine brucellosis and on 13 farms in the same area where cattle had returned a positive result to the Brucella Rose Bengal test...
May 20, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528478/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-a-vertebral-artery-loop-causing-cervical-radiculopathy
#7
L Wood, M Czyz, S Forster, Bronek M Boszczyk
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathies are rarely caused by vertebral artery loop formation, which is estimated to be present in less than 3% of patients. It is uncertain what causes the loop formation: some propose an association with spondylotic changes or trauma, whilst others suggest hypertension and atherosclerosis may be responsible. CASE REPORT 1: A 35-year-old male patient presented with signs and symptoms of cervical radiculopathy that was not improved with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery performed 2 years beforehand...
May 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528422/5-ala-fluorescence-guided-endoscopic-surgery-for-mixed-germ-cell-tumors
#8
Junichi Takeda, Masahiro Nonaka, Yi Li, Yumiko Komori, Takamasa Kamei, Ryoichi Iwata, Tetsuo Hashiba, Kunikazu Yoshimura, Akio Asai
5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence-guided surgery is widely used for detection and planning of resection of malignant gliomas and other brain tumors. However, no reports have described 5-ALA fluorescence-guided surgery or direct visualization of germ cell tumors. Here, we report two cases of germ cell tumors in which a positive 5-ALA fluorescent signal was visualized with a neuroendoscope. Both cases had a tumor in the pineal region that was associated with hydrocephalus. The patients underwent surgery after administration of 5-ALA...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528356/operating-room-fires-in-periocular-surgery
#9
Michael A Connor, Anne M Menke, Ivan Vrcek, John W Shore
AIM: A survey of ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgeons as well as seven-year data regarding claims made to the Ophthalmic Mutual Insurance Company (OMIC) is used to discuss operating room fires in periocular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of all closed claim operating room fires submitted to OMIC was performed. A survey soliciting personal experiences with operating room fires was distributed to all American Society of Oculoplastic and Reconstructive Surgeons...
May 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528327/three-quarters-adrenalectomy-for-infantile-onset-cushing-syndrome-due-to-bilateral-adrenal-hyperplasia-in-mccune-albright-syndrome
#10
Tomoyo Itonaga, Hironori Goto, Manabu Toujigamori, Yasuharu Ohno, Seigo Korematsu, Tatsuro Izumi, Satoshi Narumi, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Kenji Ihara
BACKGROUND: Bilateral adrenalectomy is performed in cases with infantile-onset Cushing syndrome due to bilateral adrenal hyperplasia in McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) because severe Cushing syndrome with heart failure and liver dysfunction can have a lethal outcome. This procedure can completely ameliorate hypercortisolism, although lifetime steroid replacement therapy and steps to prevent adrenal crisis are necessary. Recently, the efficacy of unilateral adrenalectomy has been reported in adult cases of bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia, but there is no consensus regarding the appropriate surgical treatment for bilateral adrenal hyperplasia in MAS...
May 19, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528291/the-association-of-lifetime-physical-inactivity-with-bladder-and-renal-cancer-risk-a-hospital-based-case-control-analysis
#11
Rikki Cannioto, John Lewis Etter, Lauren Beryl Guterman, Janine M Joseph, Nicholas R Gulati, Kristina L Schmitt, Michael J LaMonte, Ryan Nagy, Albina Minlikeeva, James Brian Szender, Kirsten B Moysich
OBJECTIVES: Recreational physical inactivity has been gaining recognition as an independent epidemiological exposure of interest in relation to cancer endpoints due to evidence suggesting that it may associate with cancer independent of obesity. In the current analyses, we examined the associations of lifetime recreational physical inactivity with renal and bladder cancer risk. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, we identified N=160 renal cancer patients, N=208 bladder cancer patients, and N=766 age frequency-matched controls without cancer...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528282/management-options-in-the-treatment-of-femoral-pseudoaneurysms-secondary-to-intravenous-drug-abuse-a-case-series
#12
James Rammell, Nisheeth Kansal, Vish Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: Infected femoral pseudoaneurysms are a common presentation in intravenous drug users with little consensus as to the optimum management of these patients. Whilst emergency revascularisation options are available, excision and ligation of the femoral artery remains the most common operative intervention but risks leaving the patient with critical ischaemia or intermittent claudication. This case series reviewed the outcomes of 4 patients who underwent excision-ligation without revascularisation of an infected femoral pseudoaneurysm at a district general hospital...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528130/increased-body-mass-index-is-a-risk-factor-for-end-stage-renal-disease-in-the-chinese-singapore-population
#13
Quan-Lan Jasmine Lew, Tazeen Hasan Jafar, Mohammad Talaei, Aizhen Jin, Khuan Yew Chow, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is confounded by co-morbidities associated with both conditions. Furthermore, the association at low range BMI is controversial. We studied this association in the Singapore Chinese Health Study, a population-based prospective cohort that recruited Singaporean Chinese men and women 45-74 years of age from 1993 to 1998. Self-reported weight, height, lifestyle factors, usual diet, and medical history were collected via an interviewer-administered questionnaire...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528127/determining-the-effectiveness-of-an-elder-abuse-nurse-examiner-curriculum-a-pilot-study
#14
Janice Du Mont, Daisy Kosa, Rebecca Yang, Shirley Solomon, Sheila Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: To pilot and evaluate a novel Elder Abuse Nurse Examiner Curriculum and its associated training materials for their efficacy in improving Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE)s' knowledge of elder abuse and competence in delivering care to abused older adults. METHODS: Pilot training was held with 18 SANEs from across Ontario, Canada. A 52-item pre- and post-training questionnaire was administered that assessed participants' self-reported knowledge and perceived skills-based competence related to elder abuse care...
May 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528093/kinetic-and-thermodynamic-compensation-a-current-and-practical-review-for-foods
#15
REVIEW
Alfonso Garvín, Raquel Ibarz, Albert Ibarz
Kinetic and thermodynamic compensations have been reported in many chemical, physical, biological and food processes. Kinetic compensation can be found for any process and when it takes place, it gives information about the reaction mechanism and whether the reaction is controlled by enthalpy or entropy. It consists of the linear relationship between the logarithm of the frequency factor (lnk0) and the activation energy (Ea), both previously obtained from the Arrhenius equation for different values of an environmental variable (e...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528064/transient-aphonia-after-mediastinoscopy
#16
Frank O Velez-Cubian, Kavian Toosi, Jessica Glover, Bharat Pancholy, Edward Hong
The most common adverse event after cervical mediastinoscopy is recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, which has an incidence of 0.6% [1]. We report the case of a 68-year-old man with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who experienced transient bilateral vocal cord paralysis after mediastinoscopy, which manifested in complete aphonia. This patient's ability to maintain his airway was carefully followed up, but neither endotracheal intubation nor tracheostomy was required. The vocal cord paralysis resolved without intervention after 5 hours...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528062/successful-thoracic-duct-ligation-for-plastic-bronchitis-in-an-adult
#17
Nicholas R Hess, Christopher Piercecchi, Nikita Desai, Micah R Fisher, Eun-Hyung Lee, Seth D Force
Plastic bronchitis is a rare and potentially life-threatening disease characterized by the development of obstructive fibrinous tracheobronchial casts and hypoxic respiratory failure. With its poorly understood cause and rare occurrence in the adult population, few treatment strategies have been described in adults with this condition. In this report, we present a case of successful treatment of an adult with plastic bronchitis, using thoracic duct ligation and resulting in full resolution of airway cast development...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528059/diode-pumped-laser-for-lung-sparing-surgical-treatment-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#18
Servet Bölükbas, Christian Biancosino, Bassam Redwan, Michael Eberlein
Surgical resection represents one of the essential cornerstones in multimodal treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma. In cases of tumor infiltration of the lung, lung-scarifying procedures such as lobectomies or pneumonectomies might be necessary to achieve macroscopic complete resection. However, this increases the morbidity of the patients because it leads to possible delay of the planned chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Innovative surgical techniques are therefore required to enable salvage of the lung parenchyma and optimization of surgical treatment...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528058/metachronous-germ-cell-tumors-of-the-mediastinum
#19
Shuhei Hakiri, Koji Kawaguchi, Takayuki Fukui, Koichi Fukumoto, Shota Nakamura, Kohei Yokoi
We report a rare case of mediastinal nonseminomatous germ cell tumor arising after 2 complete resections of mediastinal mature teratomas 18 and 10 years prior. After three cycles of chemotherapy for the mediastinal nonseminomatous germ cell tumor, the serum α-fetoprotein and β-human chorionic gonadotropin levels were normalized. However, chest radiography revealed that the mediastinal tumor had remarkably increased in size, and thus growing teratoma syndrome was diagnosed. The patient underwent urgent resection of the tumor, and a pathologic examination showed an encapsulated mature teratoma without any malignant viable cells...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528056/esophageal-bronchus
#20
Raghav Murthy, John Lamberti, Nicholas Saenz
Communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformations are uncommon anomalies. This report describes a case of "esophageal bronchus" managed successfully in a newborn with a nearly total pneumonectomy.
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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