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Botilinum toxin

Tarek A-Z K Gaber, Bhaskar Basu, David Shakespeare, Rajiv Singh, Sohail Salam, John McFarlane
INTRODUCTION: Hyperextension of the extensor hallucis longus (EHL) muscle is a well recognised disabling sequel of either pyramidal or extrapyramidal lesions causing what is known as striated or hitchhiker's toe. Surgery was the only effective strategy to manage EHL hyperextension before botulinum toxin's use to manage muscular dystonia and spasticity became widely popular. METHODS: A multicentre retrospective study. A standard proforma was sent to specialists in neurological rehabilitation dealing routinely with this problem...
2011: NeuroRehabilitation
E C Dickson, E Shevky
1. In addition to the effect upon the fibers of the parasympathetic nervous system which was described in a previous report (1), the toxin of Clostridium botilinum. Types A and B, exerts an influence upon the endings of the motor fibers of the voluntary nervous system which leads to a marked susceptibility to fatigue. It has not been determined whether the damage is in the anatomical nerve endings of the somatic motor nerve fibers or upon the myoneural junction, but it is not of the nature of an organic destruction of tissue...
September 30, 1923: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Giyas Ayberk, Mehmet Faik Ozveren, Timur Yildirim, Karabekir Ercan, Emine Kalkan Cay, Ayşegül Koçak
OBJECTIVE: In this report, we aimed to investigate the patients that presented at our clinic complaint with diplopia due to the abducens nerve palsy and neurosurgical disease. METHODS: The study design was a retrospective review of ten cases with the abducens nerve palsy. The causes of the abducens nerve paralysis of our patients were as follows: two cases with head trauma, three cases with pituitary tumors, one case with sphenoid sinus mucocele, one case with greater superficial petrosal nerve cellular schwannoma at the petrous apex, one case with hypertensive intraventricular hemmorhage, one case with hydrocephalus, and one case with parotid tumor and skull base/brain stem invasion...
October 2008: Turkish Neurosurgery
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