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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931441/traumatic-exposure-acculturative-stress-and-cultural-orientation-the-influence-on-ptsd-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-refugees
#1
Dzenana Kartal, Nathan Alkemade, Maurice Eisenbruch, David Kissane
OBJECTIVE: Acculturation studies conducted with refugees have predominantly concentrated on investigating the impact of acculturative stress on mental health, and have neglected to investigate the impact of cultural orientations towards the host and ethnic cultures. Furthermore, exposure to traumas is highly prevalent in refugees and strongly associated with mental health outcomes, however, rarely included in investigations of acculturative process of refugees. METHOD: Using structural equation modelling, this study tested an integrated model of the relationship between traumatic exposure, acculturative stress, host and ethnic cultural orientations and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety symptoms among 138 Bosnian refugees resettled in Australia and Austria...
June 21, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930492/sexual-trauma-and-post-traumatic-stress-among-african-female-refugees-and-migrants-in-south-africa
#2
Mpho D Mhlongo, Andrew Tomita, Lindokuhle Thela, Varsha Maharaj, Jonathan K Burns
Background: While there is considerable research in developed countries on the nature and extent of post-traumatic stress among refugees and migrants, few report on female Africans migrating within Africa. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between exposure to traumatic life events and post-traumatic stress disorder risk in refugees and migrants in Durban, South Africa, with specific focus on sexual trauma events among women. Methods: Interviews were conducted on 157 consenting non-South African adults using a sociodemographic questionnaire, Life Events Checklist (documenting traumatic events experienced) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (measuring post-traumatic symptomatology)...
2018: South African Journal of Psychiatry: SAJP: the Journal of the Society of Psychiatrists of South Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926269/understanding-the-gap-perceived-health-literacy-levels-among-spanish-speaking-immigrants-in-miami-dade-county-2016
#3
Emily Moore, Christina Cordero
Health literacy levels among immigrant populations in Miami-Dade County have yet to be examined. This study investigates perceived health literacy ability and measured health literacy scores among Miami-Dade County immigrants. METHODS: Patients seen in the Refugee Health Assessment Program and Family Planning Program completed a health literacy assessment in November 2016. Participants were immigrants from Spanish-speaking countries who reported living in the U.S. for ≤ 10 years...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925353/bibliometric-analysis-of-global-migration-health-research-in-peer-reviewed-literature-2000-2016
#4
Waleed M Sweileh, Kolitha Wickramage, Kevin Pottie, Charles Hui, Bayard Roberts, Ansam F Sawalha, Saed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: The health of migrants has become an important issue in global health and foreign policy. Assessing the current status of research activity and identifying gaps in global migration health (GMH) is an important step in mapping the evidence-base and on advocating health needs of migrants and mobile populations. The aim of this study was to analyze globally published peer-reviewed literature in GMH. METHODS: A bibliometric analysis methodology was used...
June 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922186/secondary-traumatization-in-caregivers-working-with-women-and-children-who-suffered-extreme-violence-by-the-islamic-state
#5
Jana K Denkinger, Petra Windthorst, Caroline Rometsch-Ogioun El Sount, Michael Blume, Hes Sedik, Jan I Kizilhan, Niamh Gibbons, Phuong Pham, Jennifer Hillebrecht, Nora Ateia, Christoph Nikendei, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Introduction: Refugees fleeing persecution, torture, or sexual violence are at high risk of developing both acute and chronic psychological disorders. Systematic violence, as committed against the Yazidi minority in Northern Iraq by the terror organization known as the Islamic State (IS), can be seen as a particularly traumatic burden to the victims, but also to caregivers providing treatments and assistance to them. The intense exposure to traumatic content may cause secondary traumatization in respective caregivers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916318/from-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-to-posttraumatic-growth-a-paradigm-shift-or-paradox
#6
Steven L Baumann
Trauma, unfortunately, is an all too common part of today's world. The construct posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been the dominant paradigm to guide researchers and clinicians in the United States and around the world in their efforts to understand and help persons who have experienced trauma. However, PTSD as a diagnosis and this theoretical construct has some problems and limitations, particularly when considered from a global perspective. The author explores the less widely studied construct of posttraumatic growth (PTG) as a phenomenon that avoids some of the problems of PTSD and asks the question: Does it represent a paradigm shift or a paradox? The author seeks to consider this issue from a global perspective and discusses Syrian refugees as a case study...
July 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914447/global-research-output-in-the-health-of-international-arab-migrants-1988-2017
#7
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: In the past few decades Arab countries had witnessed several intra-regional conflicts and civil wars that led to the creation of millions of refugees and migrants. Assessment of research activity is an indicator of national and international efforts to improve the health of those millions of war victims. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze published literature in international Arab migrants. METHODS: Literature in international Arab migrants published during the past three decades (1988-2017) was retrieved using Scopus database...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914185/the-role-of-communities-in-mental-health-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-meta-review-of-components-and-competencies
#8
REVIEW
Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel
Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization’s Mental Health Action Plan , the World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities , and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and highlight research gaps...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908019/health-needs-and-priorities-of-syrian-refugees-in-camps-and-urban-settings-in-jordan-perspectives-of-refugees-and-health-care-providers
#9
Tala Al-Rousan, Zaker Schwabkey, Lara Jirmanus, Brett D Nelson
Background: The United Nations has declared the Syrian refugee crisis to be the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era. Neighbouring countries, such as Jordan, strain to meet the health needs of Syrian refugees in addition to their own citizens given limited resources. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the perspectives of Syrian refugees in Jordan, Jordanian health care providers and other stakeholders in addressing the public health issues of the refugee crisis...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907921/relationships-between-english-language-proficiency-health-literacy-and-health-outcomes-in-somali-refugees
#10
Jessica E Murphy, Laura Smock, Jo Hunter-Adams, Ziming Xuan, Jennifer Cochran, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Paul L Geltman
Little is known about the impacts of health literacy and English proficiency on the health status of Somali refugees. Data came from interviews in 2009-2011 of 411 adult Somali refugees recently resettled in Massachusetts. English proficiency, health literacy, and physical and mental health were measured using the Basic English Skills Test Plus, the Short Test of Health Literacy in Adults, and the Physical and Mental Component Summaries of the Short Form-12. Associations were analyzed using multiple linear regression...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907914/asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-record-forced-global-displacement-the-role-of-physicians
#11
Katherine C McKenzie, Jon Bauer, P Preston Reynolds
In 2016, over 65 million individuals were displaced from their homes due to human rights abuses, and 262,000 people applied for asylum in the USA. Individuals who have experienced persecution are present in many primary and specialty clinics. A medical forensic evaluation can increase the likelihood of a successful asylum case. This paper reviews the legal framework for asylum and the contribution forensic evaluations can make to this vulnerable population. Physicians without asylum expertise can help these patients by recognizing their legal right to residential protection and referring them to lawyers and physicians with expert skills...
June 15, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907737/paradoxical-reaction-in-a-patient-with-co-occurring-tuberculous-meningitis-and-pott-s-disease
#12
Talia Robledo-Gil, Kaoru Harada, Ichiro Ikuta, Merceditas Villanueva
BACKGROUND Paradoxical reactions to tuberculosis (TB) are clinical or radiological worsening of prior tuberculous lesions or the development of new lesions upon treatment with appropriate anti-tuberculosis therapy (ATT). This phenomenon has been described in both HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients. Although historically estimated to occur in 6-30% of HIV-seronegative patients with TB, the phenomenon is often under-recognized in the current era, particularly in countries of low TB prevalence. We describe a case of a TB paradoxical reaction affecting the CNS and spine in an HIV-seronegative individual who received clinical care in the U...
June 16, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907162/schistosomiasis-in-immigrants-refugees-and-travellers-in-an-italian-referral-centre-for-tropical-diseases
#13
Valentina Marchese, Anna Beltrame, Andrea Angheben, Geraldo Badona Monteiro, Giovanni Giorli, Francesca Perandin, Dora Buonfrate, Zeno Bisoffi
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is one of the most important neglected tropical diseases. If unrecognised and untreated, the chronic infection can lead to irreversible complications. METHODS: Retrospective observational study aimed at describing clinical history, laboratory findings and imaging presentation of imported schistosomiasis diagnosed at the Centre for Tropical Diseases, Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital of Negrar, Verona, Italy from 2010 to 2014. The aim of our study was to assess differences in demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, laboratory data and ultrasound findings between immigrants/visiting friends and relatives (VFR) from endemic countries (endemic group) and expatriates/travellers (non-endemic group)...
June 16, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907122/detection-of-bacterial-pathogens-in-clade-e-head-lice-collected-from-niger-s-refugees-in-algeria
#14
Meriem Louni, Nadia Amanzougaghene, Nassima Mana, Florence Fenollar, Didier Raoult, Idir Bitam, Oleg Mediannikov
BACKGROUND: Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, are obligate blood-sucking parasites. Phylogenetically, they occur in five divergent mitochondrial clades (A, D, B, C and E), each having a particular geographical distribution. Recent studies have revealed that head lice, as is the case of body lice, can act as a vector for louse-borne diseases. Here, we aimed to study the genetic diversity of head lice collected from Niger's refugees (migrant population) arriving in Algeria, northern Africa, and to look for louse-borne pathogens...
June 15, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905861/evaluation-of-a-mobile-approach-to-gender-based-violence-service-delivery-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#15
Pamela Lilleston, Liliane Winograd, Spogmay Ahmed, Dounia Salamé, Dayana Al Alam, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ilaria Michelis, Sunita Palekar Joergensen
As the landscape of humanitarian response shifts from camp-based to urban- and informal-tented settlement-based responses, service providers and policymakers must consider creative modes for delivering health services. Psychosocial support and case management can be life-saving services for refugee women and girls who are at increased risk for physical, sexual and psychological gender-based violence (GBV). However, these services are often unavailable in non-camp refugee settings. We evaluated an innovative mobile service delivery model for GBV response and mitigation implemented by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in Lebanon...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905785/healthcare-services-for-syrian-refugees-in-jordan-a-systematic-review
#16
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904215/dialysis-therapy-for-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-a-call-for-action
#17
EDITORIAL
Nabil Karah, Mohamed Nour Kurhani, Eyad Fadloun, Bahija Mayasi, Federico Orioli, Kristil Haraldstad, Erik Fosse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904012/tuberculosis-specific-interferon-gamma-production-in-a-current-refugee-cohort-in-western-europe
#18
Alexandra Jablonka, Christian Dopfer, Christine Happle, Georgios Sogkas, Diana Ernst, Faranaz Atschekzei, Stefanie Hirsch, Annabelle Schäll, Adan Jirmo, Philipp Solbach, Reinhold Ernst Schmidt, Georg M N Behrens, Martin Wetzke
BACKGROUND: In 2015, a high number of refugees with largely unknown health statuses immigrated to Western Europe. To improve caretaking strategies, we assessed the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in a refugee cohort. METHODS: Interferon-Gamma release assays (IGRA, Quantiferon) were performed in n = 232 inhabitants of four German refugee centers in the summer of 2015. RESULTS: Most refugees were young, male adults. Overall, IGRA testing was positive in 17...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903046/innovative-health-financing-for-refugees
#19
Paul Spiegel, Rebecca Chanis, Antonio Trujillo
BACKGROUND: More than 65 million persons are currently forcibly displaced, of whom more than 22 million are refugees. Conflicts are increasing, and existing ones are becoming more protracted; a refugee remains a refugee for more than 10 years. Funding for refugee assistance comes primarily from high-income countries after an emergency has occurred. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees spent approximately 12% of its budget on health, nutrition, food security, water, and sanitation in 2016...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903036/migrants-access-to-healthcare-services-within-the-european-union-a-content-analysis-of-policy-documents-in-ireland-portugal-and-spain
#20
REVIEW
Céline Ledoux, Eva Pilot, Esperanza Diaz, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: The current migration flow into Europe is leading to a growing ethnically diverse population in many European countries. Now more than ever, those populations have different healthcare needs, languages, traditions, and previous level of care. This higher level of diversity is likely to increase health inequalities that might challenge healthcare systems if not addressed. In this context, this study aims at reviewing the policy framework for migrants' access to healthcare in Spain, Portugal and Ireland, countries with a long history of immigration, to identify lessons to be learned for policies on migrants' health...
June 15, 2018: Globalization and Health
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