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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458088/antibiotics-use-among-palestine-refugees-attending-unrwa-primary-health-care-centers-in-jordan-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maysun Al Baz, Michael R Law, Rawan Saadeh
The irrational use of antibiotics is increasing in Jordanian refugee camps and consequently so too is bacterial resistance. About one-third of health expenditures at UNRWA health centers in Jordan are attributed to antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: We studied knowledge, attitude and behaviour of Palestine refugees attending UNRWA health centers in Jordan regarding antibiotic use in order to plan public health interventions accordingly. METHODS: A cross-sectional, interviewer-administered survey among 250 adult Palestine refugees at four different health centres was conducted...
February 16, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455680/emergency-medical-service-ems-utilization-by-syrian-refugees-residing-in-ankara-turkey
#2
Ali Osman Altıner, Sıdıka Tekeli Yeşil
Introduction Many Syrians have left their country and migrated to other countries since March 2011, due to the civil war. As of March 2016, a total of 2,747,946 Syrian refugees had immigrated to Turkey. Some Syrian refugees have been living in camps, while 2,475,134 have been living in metropolitan areas, such as Ankara. Study Objective This study investigated Emergency Medical Service (EMS) utilization among Syrian refugees residing in Ankara. METHODS: This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional database analysis using data obtained from the Department of EMS of the Ankara Provincial Health Directorate...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450104/strengthening-effective-preventive-services-for-refugee-populations-toward-communities-of-solution
#3
Kim S Griswold, Kevin Pottie, Isok Kim, Wooksoo Kim, Li Lin
Refugee populations have unequal access to primary care and may not receive appropriate health screening or preventive service recommendations. They encounter numerous health care disadvantages as a consequence of low-income status, race and ethnicity, lower educational achievement, varying degrees of health literacy, and limited English proficiency. Refugees may not initially embrace the concept of preventive care, as these services may have been unavailable in their countries of origin, or may not be congruent with their beliefs on health care...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447069/after-aylan-kurdi-how-tweeting-about-death-threat-and-harm-predict-increased-expressions-of-solidarity-with-refugees-over-time
#4
Laura G E Smith, Craig McGarty, Emma F Thomas
Viral social media content has been heralded for its power to transform policy, but online responses are often derided as "slacktivism." This raises the questions of what drives viral communications and what is their effect on support for social change. We addressed these issues in relation to Twitter discussions about Aylan Kurdi, a child refugee who died en route to the European Union. We developed a longitudinal paradigm to analyze 41,253 tweets posted 1 week before the images of Aylan Kurdi emerged, the week they emerged, and 10 weeks afterward-at the time of the Paris terror attacks...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445898/knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers-to-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-uptake-among-an-immigrant-and-refugee-catch-up-group-in-a-western-canadian-province
#5
Erin McComb, Vivian Ramsden, Olufemi Olatunbosun, Hazel Williams-Roberts
Vaccination is a key strategy to prevent cervical cancer in developed countries. Lower uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among new immigrants and refugees has been documented, although exploration of underlying reasons remains an understudied area. Semi-structured interviews with eleven immigrant women (ages 18-26 years) were conducted to understand their knowledge, attitudes and barriers regarding HPV vaccination in a western Canadian province. Participants had limited knowledge about HPV and the vaccine...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442397/tuberculin-skin-test-versus-interferon-gamma-release-assay-in-refugee-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Chris Elliot, Ben Marais, Phoebe Williams, Paul Joshua, Sherri Towle, Graham Hart, Karen Zwi
AIM: The aim of this study was to assist clinicians evaluating refugee children for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) by comparing paired tuberculin skin test (TST) and Quantiferon Gold In-Tube (QGIT) test results with clinical management decisions and follow-up data in a large cohort of newly arrived refugee children. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all refugee children (<15 years of age) evaluated for LTBI with both TST and interferon-γ release assay between 2007 and 2010 in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven region of New South Wales, Australia...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442230/challenges-and-opportunities-in-refugee-mental-health-clinical-service-and-research-considerations
#7
EDITORIAL
Matthew Hodes, Dimitris Anagnostopoulos, Norbert Skokauskas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435352/how-gender-and-violence-related-norms-affect-self-esteem-among-adolescent-refugee-girls-living-in-ethiopia
#8
L Stark, K Asghar, I Seff, B Cislaghi, G Yu, T Tesfay Gessesse, J Eoomkham, A Assazenew Baysa, K Falb
Background: Evidence suggests adolescent self-esteem is influenced by beliefs of how individuals in their reference group perceive them. However, few studies examine how gender- and violence-related social norms affect self-esteem among refugee populations. This paper explores relationships between gender inequitable and victim-blaming social norms, personal attitudes, and self-esteem among adolescent girls participating in a life skills program in three Ethiopian refugee camps. Methods: Ordinary least squares multivariable regression analysis was used to assess the associations between attitudes and social norms, and self-esteem...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429819/how-marginalized-young-people-access-engage-with-and-navigate-health-care-systems-in-the-digital-age-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Fiona Robards, Melissa Kang, Tim Usherwood, Lena Sanci
PURPOSE: This systematic review examines how marginalized young people access and engage with health services and navigate health-care systems in high-income countries. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, PsychInfo, The University of Sydney Library database, and Google Scholar were searched to identify qualitative and quantitative original research, published from 2006 to 2017, that focused on selected definitions of marginalized young people (12 to 24 years), their parents/carers, and/or health professionals working with these populations...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426661/national-immunization-strategies-targeting-migrants-in-six-european-countries
#10
Cristina Giambi, Martina Del Manso, Teresa Dalla Zuanna, Flavia Riccardo, Antonino Bella, Maria Grazia Caporali, Agoritsa Baka, Nuska Caks-Jager, Tanya Melillo, Ricardo Mexia, Goranka Petrović, Silvia Declich
Over the last three years an unprecedented flow of migrants arrived in Europe. There is evidence that vaccine preventable diseases have caused outbreaks in migrant holding centres. These outbreaks can be favored by a combination of factors including low immunization coverage, bad conditions that migrants face during their exhausting journey and overcrowding within holding facilities. In 2017, we conducted an online survey in Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Slovenia to explore the national immunization strategies targeting irregular migrants, refugees and asylum seekers...
February 6, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426331/body-size-perceptions-and-preferences-favor-overweight-in-adult-saharawi-refugees
#11
Desire Alice Naigaga, David Jahanlu, Hanne Marit Claudius, Anne Karine Gjerlaug, Ingrid Barikmo, Sigrun Henjum
BACKGROUND: Culture affects body image and body size perceptions from an early age and in many African countries, overweight has been associated with richness, health, strength, and fertility. The present study investigated body size perceptions and preferences in an African refugee population. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was comprised of 180 and 175 randomly selected Saharawi women and men, respectively, between 18 and 80 years. Stunkard's body figure scale was used to identify self-perceived body size, desired body size and desired body size in the opposite gender...
February 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423945/skeletal-growth-body-composition-and-metabolic-risk-among-north-sudanese-immigrant-children
#12
Mohammad H Alasagheirin, Mary K Clark
OBJECTIVES: Children of immigrants and refugees from developing countries are at risk for poor growth that could contribute to adult chronic disease. This study describes the physical growth, bone growth, body composition, metabolic risks, physical activity, and food security of Sudanese children living in the United States. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional descriptive study of 64 Sudanese children age 5-18. MEASURES: Bone mineral content (BMC), bone density (aBMD), and body composition (fat, lean mass, percent body fat) were measured using DXA...
February 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423174/chronic-pain-in-refugee-torture-survivors
#13
REVIEW
Gunisha Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422945/differences-between-the-antibiotic-prescribing-pattern-of-newly-arrived-refugees-in-germany-and-the-german-population
#14
Fabian Kahl, Thomas Kühlein
The number of refugees arriving in Europe increased dramatically in 2015, challenging the German health system. Amongst others, the treatment of infectious diseases is an important topic in refugee healthcare. A high prevalence of multi-drug-resistant organisms has been identified among the refugee population. Still, little is known about the prescription of antibiotic medication for refugees. We conducted a descriptive analysis of all antibiotics prescribed to newly arrived refugees who were treated as outpatients between 10/01/2014 and 09/30/2015 in Erlangen, an average sized German town...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422925/the-effects-of-discrimination-experience-on-life-satisfaction-of-north-korean-refugees-mediating-effect-of-stress
#15
Jin-Won Noh, Hyunchun Park, Minji Kim, Young Dae Kwon, Jin-Seok Kim, Shieun Yu
Objective: This study investigated the mediation effect of stress between the experience of discrimination and life satisfaction among North Korean refugees who resettled in South Korea. The findings of the current study provide empirical evidence for the need of social interventions to mitigate adverse effects of stress on North Korean refugees who are subject to social discrimination on a daily basis. Methods: In this study, we included 500 subjects among 2,138 North Korean refugees who took refuge in South Korea in 2007...
January 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421475/safety-trust-and-disclosure-a-qualitative-examination-of-violence-against-refugee-adolescents-in-kiziba-camp-rwanda
#16
Laura Gauer Bermudez, Lauren Parks, Sarah R Meyer, Liberata Muhorakeye, Lindsay Stark
Refugee adolescents face increased vulnerability to child protection risks including abuse, neglect, violence, and exploitation. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine the nature of violence against adolescents in Kiziba Camp, Rwanda, using an ecological framework to analyze the factors that influence protection risks and abuse disclosure across multiple system levels. In order to understand these issues more comprehensively, a transgenerational inquiry sought perceptions from both adolescents and their caregivers...
January 26, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418070/children-with-sickle-cell-disease-migrating-to-the-united-states-from-sub-saharan-africa
#17
Courtney D Thornburg, Russell E Ware
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited red blood cell disorder that occurs worldwide and results in significant morbidity and mortality. In addition to affected children who are born in the US, an increasing number of children with SCD are migrating to the US with their families or through international adoption. Children arriving as immigrants or refugees have unique medical and psychosocial challenges that require a multidisciplinary team approach which takes into account the family's primary language, culture, and health beliefs...
February 8, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417356/evaluation-of-hepatitis-b-virus-screening-vaccination-and-linkage-to-care-among-newly-arrived-refugees-in-four-states-2009-2011
#18
Kiren Mitruka, Clelia Pezzi, Brittney Baack, Heather Burke, Jennifer Cochran, Jasmine Matheson, Kailey Urban, Marisa Ramos, Kathy Byrd
Many U.S.-bound refugees originate from countries with intermediate or high hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection prevalence and have risk for severe liver disease. We evaluated HBV screening and vaccination of newly arrived refugees in four states to identify program improvement opportunities. Data on HBV testing at domestic health assessments (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) were abstracted from state refugee health surveillance systems. Logistic regression identified correlates of infection. Over 95% of adults aged ≥19 years (N = 24,647) and 50% of children (N = 12,249) were tested...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415443/mental-health-effects-of-stress-over-the-life-span-of-refugees
#19
Michael Hollifield, Teddy D Warner, Barry Krakow, Joseph Westermeyer
Information about the relative impact of stressful events across the lifespan on the mental health of refugees is needed. Cross-sectional data from a community sample of 135 Kurdish and 117 Vietnamese refugees were fit to a path model about the effects of non-war stress, war-related stress, and post-migration stress on mental health. Kurdish and Vietnamese data were generally consistent with the model. However, war-related stress produced no direct but a large indirect effect through post-migration stress on mental health in Kurds...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414830/pulmonary-diseases-in-refugees-and-migrants-in-europe
#20
Ioana D Olaru, Steven Van Den Broucke, Andrew J Rosser, Helmut J F Salzer, Gerrit Woltmann, Emmanuel Bottieau, Christoph Lange
More than 2 million people fleeing conflict, persecution, and poverty applied for asylum between 2015 and 2016 in the European Union. Due to this, medical practitioners in recipient countries may be facing a broader spectrum of conditions and unusual presentations not previously encountered, including a wide range of infections with pulmonary involvement. Tuberculosis is known to be more common in migrants and has been covered broadly in other publications. The scope of this review was to provide an overview of exotic infections with pulmonary involvement that could be encountered in refugees and migrants and to briefly describe their epidemiology, diagnosis, and management...
February 7, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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