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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222956/demographic-drivers-of-a-refugee-species-large-scale-experiments-guide-strategies-for-reintroductions-of-hirola
#1
Abdullahi H Ali, Matthew J Kauffman, Rajan Amin, Amos Kibara, Juliet King, David Mallon, Charles Musyoki, Jacob R Goheen
Effective reintroduction strategies require accurate estimates of vital rates and the factors that influence them. The hirola (Beatragus hunteri) is the rarest antelope on Earth, with a global population size of <500 individuals restricted to the Kenya-Somali border. We estimated vital rates of hirola populations exposed to varying levels of predation and rangeland quality from 2012 to 2015, and then built population matrices to estimate the finite rate of population change (λ) and demographic sensitivities...
December 9, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221651/-the-myth-of-virgin-cleansing-latest-news-on-an-archaic-magico-religious-practice
#2
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216897/measuring-self-rated-health-status-among-resettled-adult-refugee-populations-to-inform-practice-and-policy-a-scoping-review
#3
Alison Dowling, Joanne Enticott, Grant Russell
BACKGROUND: The health status of refugees is a significant factor in determining their success in resettlement and relies heavily on self-rated measures of refugee health. The selection of robust and appropriate self-rated health measurement tools is challenging due to the number and methodological variation in the use of assessment tools across refugee health studies. This study describes the existing self-report health measures which have been used in studies of adult refugees living in the community to allow us to address the challenges of selecting appropriate assessments to measure health within refugee groups...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216876/refugees-experiences-of-healthcare-in-the-host-country-a-scoping-review
#4
Elisabeth Mangrio, Katarina Sjögren Forss
BACKGROUND: During the last years, Europe experienced an increase in immigration due to a variety of worldwide wars and conflicts, which in turn resulted in a greater number of physical and mental health issues present among the refugees. These factors place high demands not only on the refugees, but also on healthcare professionals who meet the refugees in different situations. Information about the refugees' experiences of the healthcare systems in their host countries is urgently needed to improve the quality of healthcare delivered, as well as to provide opportunities for better access...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216235/association-between-memory-impairment-and-brain-metabolite-concentrations-in-north-korean-refugees-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Jung Eun Shin, Chi-Hoon Choi, Jong Min Lee, Jun Soo Kwon, So Hee Lee, Hyun-Chung Kim, Na Young Han, Soo-Hee Choi, So Young Yoo
Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) had experiences of enormous psychological stress that can result in neurocognitive and neurochemical changes. To date, the causal relationship between them remains unclear. The present study is to investigate the association between neurocognitive characteristics and neural metabolite concentrations in North Korean refugees with PTSD. A total of 53 North Korean refugees with or without PTSD underwent neurocognitive function tests. For neural metabolite scanning, magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the hippocampus and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214917/programme-potential-for-the-prevention-of-and-response-to-sexual-violence-among-female-refugees-a-literature-review
#6
Gianna Maxi Leila Robbers, Alison Morgan
Continuing international conflict has resulted in several million people seeking asylum in other countries each year, over half of whom are women. Their reception and security in overburdened camps, combined with limited information and protection, increases their risk and exposure to sexual violence (SV). This literature review explores the opportunities to address SV against female refugees, with a particular focus on low-resource settings. A systematic literature review of articles published between 2000 and 2016 was conducted following PRISMA guidelines...
December 7, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214528/molecular-identification-of-leishmania-spp-isolates-causes-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-cl-in-sanliurfa-province-turkey-where-cl-is-highly-endemic
#7
Gulcan Gurses, Mehmet Ozaslan, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Ibrahim H Kılıç, Nebiye Yentür Doni, I Didem Karagöz, Nermin Uluca
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important public health problem in Turkey. CL has been most frequently seen in Sanliurfa. There is an expectation of increase in the population of leishmaniasis cases with the influence of Syrian refugees arriving in Turkey. In this study we aimed to diagnosis of CL and identifying of parasite from Leishmania isolates by using ITS 1 PCR RFLP. Samples were collected from 135 CL patients in Sanliurfa. After the specimens were inoculated in medium NNN, the ones which were cultures positive were cultivated in RPMI 1640 followed by PCR-RFLP...
December 7, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214387/dealing-with-difference-a-scoping-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-with-unaccompanied-refugee-minors
#8
REVIEW
Gwladys Demazure, Sydney Gaultier, Nicolas Pinsault
Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a population at risk for developing mental problems, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and/or depression. Therapists working with URMs often have to overcome language and cultural barriers, while taking into account these young people's specific needs. A growing literature describes a wide range of interventions designed to reduce psychopathologies and improve well-being. We summarized the different interventions used with URMs to get an overview of techniques used for reducing psychopathologies and difficulties of URMs and to give recommendations to help professionals...
December 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213301/including-refugees-in-disease-elimination-challenges-observed-from-a-sleeping-sickness-programme-in-uganda
#9
Jennifer J Palmer, Okello Robert, Freddie Kansiime
Background: Ensuring equity between forcibly-displaced and host area populations is a key challenge for global elimination programmes. We studied Uganda's response to the recent refugee influx from South Sudan to identify key governance and operational lessons for national sleeping sickness programmes working with displaced populations today. A refugee policy which favours integration of primary healthcare services for refugee and host populations and the availability of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to detect sleeping sickness at this health system level makes Uganda well-placed to include refugees in sleeping sickness surveillance...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209379/gender-differences-in-suicidal-ideation-and-related-factors-among-north-korean-refugees-in-south-korea
#10
Jin-Won Noh, Hyunchun Park, Young Dae Kwon, In Hye Kim, Yo Han Lee, Yoon Jung Kim, Sin Gon Kim
Objective: According to previous social survey, a high number of North Korean refugees (NKRs) in South Korea had suicidal ideation. The purpose of this study is to examine the related factors for suicidal ideation among NKRs by gender in South Korea. Methods: We examined the sample of NKRs, 701 subjects (men=160, women=-541) residing in South Korea, the participants were enrolled from October 2008 to May 2014. The related factors with suicidal ideation in NKRs were analyzed via a logistic regression analysis...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207884/mental-health-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-assessment-and-intervention
#11
Rachel Kronick
With unprecedented numbers of displaced persons worldwide, mental health clinicians in high-income countries will increasingly encounter refugee and asylum-seeking patients, many of whom have experienced significant adversity before and after their migration. This paper presents a summary of the recent evidence on the assessment and treatment of refugees across their lifespan to inform clinicians' approaches to care of refugee patients in mental health care settings. Assessment and interventions for refugees are grounded in an ecosystemic approach which considers not only pre-migratory trauma, but social, familial, and cultural determinants of mental health in the host country...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207880/the-psychosocial-needs-of-refugee-children-and-youth-and-best-practices-for-filling-these-needs-a-systematic-review
#12
Cisse Nakeyar, Victoria Esses, Graham J Reid
Conflict across the globe has displaced over 16.1 million refugees, with approximately half under the age of 18. Despite the number of young refugees, there is a dearth of research reporting on the needs of refugee children and youth. The purpose of this systematic review is to begin to fill this gap by summarizing what we know about the needs of refugee children and youth (5-18 years old). Eighteen manuscripts met the study inclusion criteria. In these studies, the identified needs of refugee children and youth were primarily in the domains of social support, security, culture, and education...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207451/cardiovascular-disease-related-health-beliefs-and-lifestyle-issues-among-karen-refugees-resettled-in-the-united-states-from-the-thai-myanmar-burma-border
#13
Akiko Kamimura, Kai Sin, Mu Pye, Hsien-Wen Meng
Objectives: Refugees resettled in the US may be at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, little is known about CVD-related issues among Karen refugees who have migrated to the US from the Thai-Myanmar border. The purpose of this study was to examine CVD-related health beliefs and lifestyle issues among Karen refugees resettled in the US. Methods: Karen refugees resettled in the US from the Thai-Myanmar border (n=195) participated in a survey study on health beliefs related to CVD, salt intake, physical activity (PA), and smoking in the fall of 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207287/nursing-students-experiences-with-refugees-with-mental-health-problems-in-jordan-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#14
Camilla Dotevall, Elin Winberg, Kristina Rosengren
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe Jordanian nursing students' experience of caring for refugees with mental health problems. BACKGROUND: According to refugees' experiences of crisis, a well-educated staff is needed to provide high quality of care due to mental health problems. Therefore, health professionals play an important role in creating an environment that promotes human rights regardless of ethnic origin. SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, METHOD: The study comprised eight interviews and was analysed using content analysis, a qualitative method that involves an inductive approach, to increase our understanding of nursing students' perspective and thoughts regarding caring for refugees with mental health problems...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204726/psychopathology-and-associated-risk-factors-among-forcibly-displaced-syrian-children-and-adolescents
#15
Vahdet Gormez, Hale Nur Kılıç, A Cahid Orengul, Merve Nursoy Demir, Şeyma Demirlikan, Sibel Demirbaş, Betül Babacan, Kerem Kınık, Bengi Semerci
More than half of the 2.7 million registered Syrian refugees in Turkey are under 18 years of age. This study investigates prevalence of psychopathology and associated risk factors in refugee children in Turkey. Of a total of 218 children aged 9-15 years, 56.2% lost someone important to them, 55.1% saw dead or wounded people, 70.4% witnessed explosions or gun battles, 42.5% witnessed people being tortured and 25.6% personally experienced cruelty/torture during war. Prevalence of PTSD was 18.3% and that of anxiety-related disorders were as high as 69...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204103/single-mothering-as-experienced-by-burundian-refugees-in-australia-a-qualitative-inquiry
#16
Lily P Tsai, Jennieffer A Barr, Anthony Welch
Background: Refugee mothers have fled from their homeland to escape persecutions with their children only to find other threats to their well-being in the new country. Building on previous research, it is known that being a new immigrant is challenging and requires adaptation. The adaptation process, known as acculturation, may not be successful leading to psychological distress. It is also known that a generation gap can occur when children acculturate faster than their parents. What was lacking was understanding about the experiences of single refugee mothers...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202665/the-social-determinants-of-refugee-mental-health-in-the-post-migration-context-a-critical-review
#17
Michaela Hynie
With the global increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers, mental health professionals have become more aware of the need to understand and respond to the mental health needs of forced migrants. This critical review summarizes the findings of recent systematic reviews and primary research on the impact of post-migration conditions on mental disorders and PTSD among refugees and asylum seekers. Historically, the focus of mental health research and interventions with these populations has been on the impact of pre-migration trauma...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202662/addressing-mental-health-needs-of-refugees
#18
Cécile Rousseau
Throughout history, refugees have alternatively been seen as entitled victims of adversity or as threats or abusers of host countries scarce resources. Within the present globalized context, ambivalent public perceptions of refugees are shattering the protective nature of the post migratory environment in refugee receiving countries. This raises new challenges for refugees' mental health and calls for systemic responses to address both pre-migratory trauma and losses and post migratory adversities. Recent evidence on the effectiveness of mental health treatment for refugees confirms the utility of trauma-focused psychotherapy and the limits of psychopharmacology for stress related disorders in this group...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202606/results-from-a-pilot-video-intervention-to-increase-cervical-cancer-screening-in-refugee-women
#19
India J Ornelas, Khanh Ho, J Carey Jackson, Jaime Moo-Young, Anh Le, H Hoai Do, Bouapanh Lor, Maya Magarati, Ying Zhang, Victoria M Taylor
Many refugee women emigrate from countries with high cervical cancer incidence rates and have low rates of cervical cancer screening both before and after resettlement. Refugee women face many barriers to cervical cancer screening, including limited knowledge of cervical cancer and screening recommendations and cultural and linguistic barriers to being screened. Our pilot study aimed to develop and evaluate educational videos to promote cervical cancer screening among Karen-Burmese and Nepali-Bhutanese refugees, two of the largest groups of refugees arriving to the United States in recent years...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198642/caring-for-undocumented-immigrants-with-kidney-disease
#20
Rajeev Raghavan
The care of dialysis-dependent undocumented immigrants exemplifies a problem at the crux of 2 US national agendas: immigration and health care reform. Undocumented immigrants represent 3% of the US population and 27% of the uninsured, and an estimated 6,500 individuals are dialysis dependent. With no uniform national policy, an estimated 30% to 50% of these individuals receive treatment only in life-threatening situations (emergent dialysis). Since 2005, about 400 undocumented immigrants have received a kidney transplant (>70% living)...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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