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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222713/the-mental-health-status-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-attending-a-refugee-health-clinic-including-comparisons-with-a-matched-sample-of-australian-born-residents
#1
Frances Shawyer, Joanne C Enticott, Andrew A Block, I-Hao Cheng, Graham N Meadows
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to survey refugees and asylum-seekers attending a Refugee Health Service in Melbourne, Australia to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders based on screening measures and with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specifically highlighted. A secondary aim was to compare the prevalence findings with Australian-born matched comparators from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 135 refugees and asylum-seeker participants using instruments including Kessler-10 (K10) and PTSD-8 to obtain estimates of the prevalence of mental disorders...
February 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222637/genotyping-leishmania-promastigotes-isolated-from-patients-with-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-south-eastern-turkey
#2
Fahriye Ekşi, Orhan Özgöztaşı, Tekin Karslıgil, Mustafa Sağlam
Objective Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a significant disease in south-eastern Anatolia because it is prevalent among Syrian refugees. We identified the causative Leishmania species in CL patients using molecular methods. Methods Novy-MacNeal-Nicolle medium was inoculated with aspirated fluid from suspected CL lesions and tested for amastigotes with Giemsa staining. PCR amplified the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) of the Leishmania genome in cultures containing Leishmania promastigotes from 100 patients, which were genotyped with a restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis...
February 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221111/association-of-diabetes-and-tuberculosis-disease-among-us-bound-adult-refugees-2009-2014
#3
Stephen R Benoit, Edward W Gregg, Sasi Jonnalagadda, Christina R Phares, Weigong Zhou, John A Painter
Diabetes is associated with an increased risk for active tuberculosis (TB) disease. We conducted a case-control study and found a significant association between diabetes and TB disease among US-bound refugees. These findings underscore the value of collaborative management of both diseases.
March 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220215/postpartum-depression-risk-factors-among-recent-refugee-asylum-seeking-non-refugee-immigrant-and-canadian-born-women-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Lisa Merry, Anita J Gagnon
PURPOSE: The objective was to examine and compare risk factors for postpartum depression among: (1) recent (≤5 years) migrant and Canadian-born women, and (2) refugee, asylum-seeking, and non-refugee immigrant women. METHODS: A sample of 1536 women (1024 migrant and 512 Canadian-born) were recruited from 12 hospitals. Women completed questionnaires at 1-2 and 16 weeks postpartum including questions on socio-demographics, biomedical history, health services, and migration and resettlement factors...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219374/the-right-to-health-of-non-nationals-and-displaced-persons-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-era-challenges-for-equity-in-universal-health-care
#5
EDITORIAL
Claire E Brolan, Lisa Forman, Stéphanie Dagron, Rachel Hammonds, Attiya Waris, Lyla Latif, Ana Lorena Ruano
INTRODUCTION: Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), United Nations (UN) Member States reported progress on the targets toward their general citizenry. This focus repeatedly excluded marginalized ethnic and linguistic minorities, including people of refugee backgrounds and other vulnerable non-nationals that resided within a States' borders. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to be truly transformative by being made operational in all countries, and applied to all, nationals and non-nationals alike...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210508/scoping-review-on-maternal-health-among-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-canada-prenatal-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care
#6
REVIEW
N Khanlou, N Haque, A Skinner, A Mantini, C Kurtz Landy
The last fifteen years have seen a dramatic increase in both the childbearing age and diversity of women migrating to Canada. The resulting health impact underscores the need to explore access to health services and the related maternal health outcome. This article reports on the results of a scoping review focused on migrant maternal health within the context of accessible and effective health services during pregnancy and following delivery. One hundred and twenty-six articles published between 2000 and 2016 that met our inclusion criteria and related to this group of migrant women, with pregnancy/motherhood status, who were living in Canada, were identified...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202433/keep-the-door-open-for-child-refugees
#7
Tom Moberly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202044/the-history-of-leishmaniasis
#8
REVIEW
Dietmar Steverding
In this review article the history of leishmaniasis is discussed regarding the origin of the genus Leishmania in the Mesozoic era and its subsequent geographical distribution, initial evidence of the disease in ancient times, first accounts of the infection in the Middle Ages, and the discovery of Leishmania parasites as causative agents of leishmaniasis in modern times. With respect to the origin and dispersal of Leishmania parasites, the three currently debated hypotheses (Palaearctic, Neotropical and supercontinental origin, respectively) are presented...
February 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#9
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197861/adapting-an-autism-screening-tool-for-use-in-the-dekalb-county-refugee-pediatric-clinic
#10
C McClure, S Reines, P S Suchdev, A Oladele, A B Goodman
BACKGROUND: Minimal literature exists regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among refugee children in the United States. Reliable ASD screening tools, such as the M-CHAT-R/F, have yet to be culturally adapted and translated into some languages spoken in the homes of these children. METHODS: Pediatric refugee patients (n = 13) of caregivers of Bhutanese (Nepali-speaking) descent were screened using a newly translated Nepali M-CHAT-R/F. The M-CHAT-R/F was adapted based on feedback from Bhutanese caregivers and interpreter expertise...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196129/encouraging-understanding-or-increasing-prejudices-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-institutional-influence-on-health-personnel-attitudes-about-refugee-claimants-access-to-health-care
#11
Cécile Rousseau, Youssef Oulhote, Mónica Ruiz-Casares, Janet Cleveland, Christina Greenaway
BACKGROUND: This paper investigates the personal, professional and institutional predictors of health institution personnel's attitudes regarding access to healthcare for refugee claimants in Canada. METHODS: In Montreal, the staff of five hospitals and two primary care centres (n = 1772) completed an online questionnaire documenting demographics, occupation, exposure to refugee claimant patients, and attitudes regarding healthcare access for refugee claimants. We used structural equations modeling to investigate the associations between professional and institutional factors with latent functions of positive and negative attitudes toward refugee's access to healthcare...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195049/patricia-walker-pioneer-in-refugee-health
#12
Richard Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193186/afghan-migrants-face-more-suboptimal-care-than-natives-a-maternal-near-miss-audit-study-at-university-hospitals-in-tehran-iran
#13
Soheila Mohammadi, Soraya Saleh Gargari, Masoumeh Fallahian, Carina Källestål, Shirin Ziaei, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Women from low-income settings have higher risk of maternal near miss (MNM) and suboptimal care than natives in high-income countries. Iran is the second largest host country for Afghan refugees in the world. Our aim was to investigate whether care quality for MNM differed between Iranians and Afghans and identify potential preventable attributes of MNM. METHODS: An MNM audit study was conducted from 2012 to 2014 at three university hospitals in Tehran...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190937/belonging-and-unbelonging-jewish-refugee-and-survivor-women-in-1950s-britain
#14
Angela Davis
This article analyses the life stories of female Jewish refugees and survivors in 1950s Britain in order to explore their relationship with the existing Jewish community and wider society. The paper is based on an analysis of twenty-one oral history testimonies from the Jewish survivors of the Holocaust collection held at the British library. Around 50,000 Jewish refugees from Central Europe came to Britain in the 1930s after fleeing from Hitler. In addition, a relatively small number of camp survivors and former hidden children settled in the country after the war; the Board of Deputies of British Jews Demographic Unit estimates the figure at 2000...
January 2, 2017: Women's History Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190579/the-academic-case-for-repealing-trump-s-refugee-and-travel-ban
#15
Paul Spiegel, Leonard Rubenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181904/hepatitis-a-among-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-migrants-living-in-hosting-facilities-greece-april-to-december-2016
#16
Kassiani Mellou, Anthi Chrisostomou, Theologia Sideroglou, Theano Georgakopoulou, Maria Kyritsi, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Sotirios Tsiodras
An increased number of hepatitis A cases among refugees, asylum seekers and migrants residing in hosting facilities in Greece were recorded between April and December 2016. In total, 177 laboratory-confirmed symptomatic cases were reported; of these, 149 (84%) occurred in hosting camps mostly among Syrian children under 15 years. All cases reported symptom onset after their entry into the country. Public health interventions focused on hygiene measures and vaccination.
January 26, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180984/beyond-a-moral-obligation-a-legal-framework-for-emergency-and-essential-surgical-care-and-anesthesia
#17
Kashmira S Chawla, Lainie Rutkow, Kent Garber, Adam L Kushner, Barclay T Stewart
BACKGROUND: Access to quality and timely emergency and essential surgical care and anesthesia (EESCA) is an integral component of the right to health as reinforced by the ratification of the World Health Assembly Resolution 68.15. However, this resolution is merely a guideline and has not been able to bolster the necessary political will to promote EESCA. Our objective was to evaluate international treaties, which carry legal obligations, for EESCA-related text, and develop a human rights-based framework to support EESCA advancement and advocacy...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179025/the-role-of-nucularia-perrinii-batt-chenopodiaceae-in-the-camel-based-sahrawi-social-ecological-system
#18
Gabriele Volpato, Antonello Di Nardo
BACKGROUND: Pastoral social-ecological systems (SESs) are adaptive and complex systems rooted in the extensive exploitation of forage plants for livestock-based livelihoods and culture. There are species and relations that are foundational to the existence of these SESs. Nucularia perrinii Batt. (Chenopodiaceae) is an endemic halophyte plant of central and western Sahara seldom cited in the scientific literature. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of this plant in the SES of the Sahrawi camel nomads of Western Sahara...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179020/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-undocumented-immigrants-and-refugees-in-southern-italy-demographic-virological-and-clinical-features
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nicola Coppola, Loredana Alessio, Luciano Gualdieri, Mariantonietta Pisaturo, Caterina Sagnelli, Carmine Minichini, Giovanni Di Caprio, Mario Starace, Lorenzo Onorato, Giuseppe Signoriello, Margherita Macera, Italo Francesco Angelillo, Giuseppe Pasquale, Evangelista Sagnelli
BACKGROUND: The data on hepatitis b virus (HBV) infection in immigrants population are scanty. The porpoise of this study was to define the demographic, virological, and clinical characteristics of subjects infected with HBV chronic infection in a cohort of immigrants living in Naples, Italy. METHODS: A screening for HBV infection was offered to 1,331 immigrants, of whom 1,212 (91%) (831 undocumented immigrants and 381 refugees) accepted and were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-hepatitis B core antibody (HBc)...
February 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178013/impact-of-professional-interpreters-on-outcomes-of-hospitalized-children-from-migrant-and-refugee-families-with-low-english-proficiency-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Susan Boylen, Sally Wilson, Fenella Gill, Sarah Cherian, Jaya A R Dantas
The overall objective is to identify, critically appraise and synthesize evidence on the impact of professional interpreters on outcomes for hospitalized children (aged 0-18 years) from migrant and refugee families with low English proficiency.More specifically, does the intervention of the use of a professional interpreter for migrant and refugee families with low English proficiency impact on.
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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