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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730398/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-resettled-in-an-italian-catchment-area
#1
Michela Nosè, Giulia Turrini, Maria Imoli, Francesca Ballette, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Francesca Cucchi, Chiara Padoan, Mirella Ruggeri, Corrado Barbui
In recent years there has been a progressive rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees displaced from their country of origin, with significant social, economic, humanitarian and public health implications. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and correlates of psychological distress and psychiatric disorders in asylum seekers and refugees resettled in an Italian catchment area. In the catchment area of Verona, all male asylum seekers and refugees aged 18 or above included in the Italian protection system for asylum seekers and refugees during a period of 1 year were screened for psychological distress and psychiatric disorders using validated questionnaires...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729592/refugees-addressing-the-burden-of-oral-disease-through-prevention
#2
K Zaheer, S Sheikh, O U Khalid, Z Rizvi
In February 2017 a cohort of dental students travelled to Athens, Greece where they assisted in providing dental care to refugees and conducted oral hygiene workshops in Skaramagas Refugee camp. With respect to patient presentation, caries was found to be extremely prevalent due to patient diet, accessibility to care and oral hygiene practices. Due to the extensive nature of the work, time constraints and resource availability focus was directed on reducing disease burden through prevention. This article explores the challenges of delivering preventative treatment as well as its advantage over conventional therapeutic care in the context of a humanitarian crisis...
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728860/-palimpsest-scar-lesions-in-a-context-of-torture-darfur-sudan
#3
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, Y Mostefai Dulac, S Deo, S Jacqueline, L Brun, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: As a result of the current exponentially growing refugee population from the Middle-East and East Africa (Sudan, Darfur, Eritrea), clinicians (including forensic pathologists) are seeing atypical skin lesions, mainly of a traumatic nature, but in some cases associated with long-standing lesions related to ethnic practices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case of torture sequelae is presented herein in a patient originally from Darfur (Sudan): cutaneous incisions were made on old scars several times using a knife...
July 17, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727833/refugee-and-migrant-women-s-engagement-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-in-australia-a-socio-ecological-analysis-of-health-care-professional-perspectives
#4
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
BACKGROUND: In Australia only 2.2% of published health research has focused on multi-cultural health despite the increase of culturally and linguistically diverse populations. Research on the perceptions and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs) in engaging with refugee and migrant women is also lacking. Given the integral role of HCPs in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care for these populations, an understanding of the challenges they experience is required...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725259/cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-prevention-amongst-syrian-refugees-mixed-methods-study-of-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-programme-in-jordan
#5
Dylan R J Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian response. We aimed to evaluate Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF's) use of total CVD risk based prevention strategies amongst Syrian refugees in northern Jordan to identify opportunities to improve total CVD risk based guidance for humanitarian settings. METHODS: We evaluated CVD risk assessment and management in two outpatient NCD clinics in the Irbid governorate of Jordan using a mixed methods design with qualitative and quantitative strands of equal priority, integrated during data collection and interpretation...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720037/emergency-department-visits-of-syrian-refugees-and-the-cost-of-their-healthcare
#6
Umut Gulacti, Ugur Lok, Haci Polat
The aim of this study was to evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of Emergency Department (ED) visits made by Syrian refugees and to assess the cost of their healthcare. This retrospective study was conducted in adult Syrians who visited the ED of Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman Province, Turkey, between 01 January and 31 December 2015. We evaluated 10,529 Syrian refugees who visited the ED, of whom 9,842 were included in the study. The number of ED visits significantly increased in 2015 compared with 2010; the increase in the proportion of total ED visits was 8% (n = 11,275, dif: 8%, CI 95%: 7...
July 18, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719917/surgical-health-needs-of-minor-refugees-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Marios Loucas, Rafael Loucas, Oliver J Muensterer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719309/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-refugee-and-migrant-pregnant-women-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#8
Bert J D van Enter, Yee-Ling Lau, Clare L Ling, Wanitda Watthanaworawit, Yaowalark Sukthana, Wenn-Chyau Lee, François Nosten, Rose McGready
Toxoplasma gondii primary infection in pregnancy is associated with poor obstetric outcomes. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection in pregnant migrant and refugee women from Myanmar attending antenatal care in Thailand. A random selection of 199 residual blood samples from first antenatal screen in 2014-2015 was tested for Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection was 31.7% (95% confidence interval = 25.6-38.4). Avidity testing in the three positive IgM cases indicated all were past infections...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719278/evaluation-of-the-field-performance-of-immunocard-stat-%C3%A2-rapid-diagnostic-test-for-rotavirus-in-dadaab-refugee-camp-and-at-the-kenya-somalia-border
#9
Maurice Ope, Raymond Nyoka, Ahmed Unshur, Fredrick O Oyier, Shafe A Mowlid, Brian Owino, Steve B Ochieng, Charles I Okello, Joel M Montgomery, Burton Wagacha, Aleksandar Galev, Abdikadir Abdow, Mathew D Esona, Jacqueline Tate, David Fitter, Susan T Cookson, Balajee Arunmozhi, Nina Marano
AbstractRotavirus commonly causes diarrhea in children, leading to hospitalization and even death. Rapid diagnostic tests are feasible alternatives for determining rotavirus outbreaks in refugee camps that have inadequate laboratory capacity. We evaluated the field performance of ImmunoCard STAT!(®) Rotavirus (ICS-RV) in Dadaab Refugee Camp and at the Kenya-Somalia border. From May to December 2014, we prospectively enrolled children aged < 5 years hospitalized with acute diarrhea, defined as ≥ 3 episodes of loose stool in 24 hours for < 7 days...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718869/-the-refugee-crisis-in-the-psychotherapeutic-treatment-room
#10
Anna-Maria Thöle, Simone Penka, Marion Aichberger, Andreas Heinz, Ulrike Kluge
Objective Aim of the study was to examine how discourses of refugees in the media influence the perspective of independent psychotherapists working with refugees. Methods 20 problem-centered interviews were carried out across Germany with independent psychotherapists, and were analyzed using the principles of Grounded Theory. Results 4 portrayals of refugees were identified: 'The problematic Other' (1), 'No Other' (2), 'The advantageous Other' (3) and 'The excluded subject' (4). Conclusion The impact of discourses about refugees in the media can contribute to understand the findings in this study...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717729/middle-eastern-conflicts-implications-for-refugee-health-in-the-european-union-and-middle-eastern-host-countries
#11
Michael Silbermann, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Omar Nimri, Mazin Al-Jadiry, Lea Baider
Until very recently, health care in conflict settings was based on a model developed in the second half of the twentieth century. Things have changed, and present civil wars, such as those that are currently taking place in the Middle East, do not address the complexity of the ongoing armed conflicts in countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. These conflicts have caused a significant increase in the number of refugees in the region, as well as in Europe. Hundreds of thousands of refugees succeed in settling in mid- and north-European countries, and their health issues are becoming of great importance...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713132/we-really-do-have-the-same-goals-the-push-and-pull-of-one-community-academic-partnership-to-support-congolese-refugee-women
#12
Jyotika Saksena, Shannon McMorrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711229/-public-health-for-migrants-and-refugees-in-europe-as-well
#13
Ainhoa Rodríguez-García-de-Cortázar, Ainhoa Ruiz-Azarola, Olga Leralta-Piñán, Jaime Jiménez-Pernett, José Ignacio Oleaga-Usategui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707099/maternal-health-care-utilization-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-and-jordan
#14
Hannah Tappis, Emily Lyles, Ann Burton, Shannon Doocy
Purpose The influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon over the last 5 years presents an immense burden to national health systems. This study was undertaken to assess utilization of maternal health services among Syrian refugees in both countries. Description A cross-sectional survey of Syrian refugees living in urban and rural (non-camp) settings was conducted using a two-stage cluster survey design with probability proportional to size sampling in 2014-2015. Eighty-six percent of surveyed households in Lebanon and 88% of surveyed households in Jordan included women with a live birth in the last year...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704829/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-secondary-traumatization-in-interpreters-for-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
David Kindermann, Carolin Schmid, Cassandra Derreza-Greeven, Daniel Huhn, Rupert Maria Kohl, Florian Junne, Maritta Schleyer, Judith K Daniels, Beate Ditzen, Wolfgang Herzog, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of refugees, fleeing persecution, torture, and war, are estimated to suffer from psychological traumatization. After being sheltered in reception centers, the refugees come in close contact with different occupational groups, e.g., physicians, social workers, and interpreters. Previous studies ascertained that such interpreters themselves often suffer from primary psychological traumatization. Moreover, through translating refugees' potentially traumatic depictions, the interpreters are in danger of developing a so-called secondary traumatization...
July 14, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704504/sanitation-practices-and-perceptions-in-kakuma-refugee-camp-kenya-comparing-the-status-quo-with-a-novel-service-based-approach
#16
Raymond Nyoka, Andrew D Foote, Emily Woods, Hana Lokey, Ciara E O'Reilly, Fred Magumba, Patrick Okello, Eric D Mintz, Nina Marano, Jamae F Morris
Globally, an estimated 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation. Unimproved sanitation increases the risk of morbidity and mortality, especially in protracted refugee situations where sanitation is based on pit latrine use. Once the pit is full, waste remains in the pit, necessitating the construction of a new latrine, straining available land and funding resources. A viable, sustainable solution is needed. This study used qualitative and quantitative methods to design, implement, and pilot a novel sanitation system in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703176/greek-refugee-camps-one-year-on
#17
N Siddiqui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699778/neurofeedback-as-an-adjunct-therapy-for-treatment-of-chronic-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-refugee-trauma-and-torture-experiences-two-case-studies
#18
Mirjana Askovic, Anna J Watters, Jorge Aroche, Anthony W F Harris
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the use of neurofeedback for refugee-related chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in two case studies. METHODS: We describe the assessment and application of neurofeedback integrated into the treatment of two clients with chronic PTSD. We include details of our treatment schedule, symptoms and quantitative electrophysiological data for each case. Results All clients achieved significant reduction in symptoms of PTSD and improvement in daily functioning post-neurofeedback therapy...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699396/validation-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#19
Harriet Ing, Gracia Fellmeth, Jitrachote White, Alan Stein, Julie A Simpson, Rose McGready
Postnatal depression is common and may have severe consequences for women and their children. Locally validated screening tools are required to identify at-risk women in marginalised populations. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is one of the most frequently used tools globally. This cross-sectional study assessed the validity and acceptability of the EPDS in Karen and Burmese among postpartum migrant and refugee women on the Thai-Myanmar border. The EPDS was administered to participants and results compared with a diagnostic interview...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698238/protective-factors-for-social-emotional-well-being-of-refugee-children-in-the-first-three-years-of-settlement-in-australia
#20
Karen Zwi, Lisa Woodland, Katrina Williams, Pamela Palasanthiran, Santuri Rungan, Adam Jaffe, Susan Woolfenden
AIM: This longitudinal study investigated protective factors for social-emotional well-being in refugee children in Australia. METHODS: Newly arrived refugee children aged 4-15 years were recruited between 2009 and 2013 and assessments were conducted at two points, at years 2 and 3 postarrival. Social-emotional well-being was assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Protective factors were assessed by structured interview and the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS); scores <150 reflect fewer stressful life events in the previous year...
July 11, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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