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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869433/-conservative-management-of-tracheal-rupture-in-a-child-after-blunt-trauma
#1
Gonul Kucuk, Ufuk Ates, Gulnur Gollu, Aydin Yagmurlu
La rotura traqueal tras una contusión es rara, aunque potencialmente mortal. En general, se recomienda el tratamiento quirúrgico para la rotura traqueal, aunque también se ha informado recientemente el abordaje conservador en los pacientes con signos vitales y parámetros respiratorios estables. El objetivo de este estudio es informar sobre un caso de rotura traqueal tras una contusión en el cuello producto de un accidente de bicicleta que se trató de manera conservadora.
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832236/evaluation-of-pulmonary-function-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-pyrochlore-mine-workers
#2
Ritta de Cássia Canedo Oliveira Borges, José Cerqueira Barros, Fabrício Borges Oliveira, Marisa Andrade Brunherotti, Paulo Roberto Veiga Quemelo
Objective: To identify respiratory symptoms and evaluate lung function in mine workers. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study involving production sector workers of a pyrochlore mining company. The subjects completed the British Medical Research Council questionnaire, which is designed to evaluate respiratory symptoms, occupational exposure factors, and smoking status. In addition, they underwent pulmonary function tests with a portable spirometer...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832233/lack-of-association-between-viral-load-and-severity-of-acute-bronchiolitis-in-infants
#3
Ana Paula Duarte de Souza, Lidiane Alves de Azeredo Leitão, Fernanda Luisi, Rodrigo Godinho Souza, Sandra Eugênia Coutinho, Jaqueline Ramos da Silva, Rita Mattiello, Paulo Márcio Condessa Pitrez, Renato Tetelbom Stein, Leonardo Araújo Pinto
Objective: To investigate the correlation between respiratory syncytial viral load and length of hospitalization in infants with acute wheezing episodes. Methods: This was a two-year, cross-sectional study of infants ≤ 12 months of age with bronchiolitis at the time of admission to a tertiary hospital. For the identification of respiratory viruses, nasopharyngeal secretions were collected. Samples were analyzed (throughout the study period) by direct immunofluorescence and (in the second year of the study) by quantitative real-time PCR...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812634/prevalence-of-latent-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-prisoners
#4
Pedro Daibert de Navarro, Isabela Neves de Almeida, Afrânio Lineu Kritski, Maria das Graças Ceccato, Mônica Maria Delgado Maciel, Wânia da Silva Carvalho, Silvana Spindola de Miranda
Objective: To determine the prevalence of and the factors associated with latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in prisoners in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional cohort study conducted in two prisons in Minas Gerais. Tuberculin skin tests were performed in the individuals who agreed to participate in the study. Results: A total of 1,120 individuals were selected for inclusion in this study...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812633/lung-volumes-and-airway-resistance-in-patients-with-a-possible-restrictive-pattern-on-spirometry
#5
Kenia Schultz, Luiz Carlos D'Aquino, Maria Raquel Soares, Andrea Gimenez, Carlos Alberto de Castro Pereira
Objective: Many patients with proportional reductions in FVC and FEV1 on spirometry show no reduction in TLC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role that measuring lung volumes and airway resistance plays in the correct classification of patients with a possible restrictive pattern on spirometry. Methods: This was a prospective study involving adults with reduced FVC and FEV1, as well as an FEV1/FV(C) ratio within the predicted range. Restrictive lung disease (RLD) was characterized by TLC below the 5th percentile, as determined by plethysmography...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812632/effects-of-passive-inhalation-of-cigarette-smoke-on-structural-and-functional-parameters-in-the-respiratory-system-of-guinea-pigs
#6
Thiago Brasileiro de Vasconcelos, Fernanda Yvelize Ramos de Araújo, João Paulo Melo de Pinho, Pedro Marcos Gomes Soares, Vasco Pinheiro Diógenes Bastos
Objective: To evaluate the effects of passive inhalation of cigarette smoke on the respiratory system of guinea pigs. Methods: Male guinea pigs were divided into two groups: control and passive smoking, the latter being exposed to the smoke of ten cigarettes for 20 min in the morning, afternoon and evening (30 cigarettes/day) for five days. After that period, inflammatory parameters were studied by quantifying mesenteric mast cell degranulation, as well as oxidative stress, in BAL fluid...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764932/-analysis-of-factors-predicting-early-unplanned-readmissions
#7
Gabriella Di Domenico, Ivan Tersigni, Bruno Federico, Cinzia Leuter
: OBIETTIVI: determinare i fattori associati ai ricoveri ripetuti per identificare i pazienti a rischio di riospedalizzazione entro i 30 giorni dalla dimissione. DISEGNO: analisi retrospettiva delle dimissioni nell'anno 2013 attraverso le schede di dimissione ospedaliera (SDO). SETTING E PARTECIPANTI: 3.900 pazienti ricoverati presso il presidio ospedaliero "Fabrizio Spaziani" di Frosinone. PRINCIPALI MISURE DI OUTCOME: analisi bivariata per l'analisi dell'associazione tra variabili...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764929/-mortality-from-respiratory-diseases-in-the-provinces-of-apulia-region-southern-italy-from-1933-to-2010
#8
Maria Rosa Montinari, Emilio Antonio Luca Gianicolo, Maria Angela Vigotti
OBIETTIVI: valutare l'andamento temporale della mortalità per patologie respiratorie nelle province pugliesi utilizzando dati omogenei per fonte e metodologia di calcolo. DISEGNO: analisi ecologica storica degli andamenti temporali di mortalità per tumori e patologie dell'apparato respiratorio nelle province pugliesi, in Puglia e nelle ripartizioni geografiche italiane dal 1933 al 2010. SETTING E PARTECIPANTI: i dati di mortalità e le popolazioni residenti sono di fonte Istat. Sono state esaminate tutte le cause di decesso, il tumore della laringe, il tumore del polmone, l'insieme dei tumori respiratori, la bronchite, la polmonite e la broncopolmonite considerate congiuntamente, e l'insieme delle patologie respiratorie...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695684/chronic-respiratory-disease-in-adults-treated-for-tuberculosis-in-khartoum-sudan
#9
R K Osman, K Mortimer, G Bjune, A I El Sony
Background: Chronic respiratory disease (CRD) causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Although the global CRD epidemic collides with the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in many low- and middle-income country settings, the risk of TB-associated CRD is not well described in countries with a high burden of TB. Methods: We recruited 136 patients with a history of sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB) from the TB clinic at Omdurman Teaching Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan, and 136 age- and sex-matched community controls, between 28 July 2013 and 30 December 2013...
September 2016: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683774/evaluation-of-the-thoracoabdominal-mobility-of-obese-subjects-in-pre-bariatric-surgery
#10
Ana Paula Limongi Richardelli Veloso, Karla Garcez Cusmanich
Background: Obesity can affect the thorax, diaphragm, and alterations in respiratory function even if the lungs are within normality. The respiratory compliance is very reduced by the increase in fat mass. Aim: To evaluate the effect of the physical therapeutic respiratory exercises on the thoracoabdominal mobility of obese individuals in pre-bariatric surgery. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study, which used the cirtometry (axillary, xiphoid and abdominal) to evaluate the mobility of 74 individuals, 27 men and 47 women, in pre-bariatric surgery, assisted by the team EMAD, after eight weeks of physiotherapy, following a protocol of exercises, reevaluating and compared the measures pre and post intervention...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598374/negative-pressure-of-the-environmental-air-in-the-cleaning-area-of-the-materials-and-sterilization-center-a-systematic-review
#11
Caroline Lopes Ciofi-Silva, Lisbeth Lima Hansen, Alda Graciele Claudio Dos Santos Almeida, Julia Yaeko Kawagoe, Maria Clara Padoveze, Kazuko Uchikawa Graziano
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the scientific evidence on aerosols generated during cleaning activities of health products in the Central Service Department (CSD) and the impact of the negative pressure of the ambient air in the cleaning area to control the dispersion of aerosols to adjacent areas. METHOD: for this literature systematic review the following searches were done: search guidelines, manuals or national and international technical standards given by experts; search in the portal and databases PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL and Web of Science; and a manual search of scientific articles...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571859/-not-available
#12
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio Vizuete, Rosa María Ortega Anta
Los kiwis, tanto la variedad verde (Actinidia deliciosa) como la de color amarillo (Sungold®) (A. chinensis), destacan entre las frutas de consumo habitual por su composición nutricional. Son excepcionalmente ricos en vitamina C, ya que los kiwis verdes duplican la cantidad que tienen fresas o naranjas, y el kiwi de color amarillo incluso la triplica. Además, los kiwis tienen un elevado contenido en vitaminas E, K, folatos, carotenoides, potasio, fibra y otros fitoquímicos, que proporcionan no solo beneficios nutricionales, sino también sanitarios...
July 12, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276015/educational-intervention-for-collecting-sputum-for-tuberculosis-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Amélia Nunes Sicsú, Julia Ignez Salem, Luciana Botinelly Mendonça Fujimoto, Roxana Isabel Cardozo Gonzales, Maria do Socorro de Lucena Cardoso, Pedro Fredemir Palha
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the quality of the sputum sample before and after the Nursing guidance to patients. METHODS: this is a quasi-experimental research design, single group type, before and after, non-randomized study. The study enrolled patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis, respiratory symptomatic patients for over three weeks, aged over 18 years, of both genders and without tuberculosis history in the last two years. The educational intervention consisted of individualized guidance on the collection of sputum sample, which was based on the guidelines of the Ministry of Health of Brazil and on the explanatory folder delivery...
June 7, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238811/-in-process-citation
#14
José Luis González-Montesinos, Jesús Gustavo Ponce-González, Davinia Vicente-Campos, José López-Chicharro, Jorge Del Rosario Fernández-Santos, Carmen Vaz-Pardal, José Luis Costa-Sepúlveda, Julio Conde-Caveda, José Castro-Piñero
Introducción y objetivos: un dispositivo llamado FeelBreathe ® (FB) se ha diseñado, desarrollado y patentado para el entrenamiento de la musculatura inspiratoria (IMT). Para examinar los efectos de FB en la ventilación pulmonar y el intercambio gaseoso durante el ejercicio, se tomaron medidas de 27 voluntarios varones sanos entrenados (edad: 32,5 ± 7,2 años). Métodos: al inicio del estudio se midieron tanto la presión inspiratoria máxima estática (PIM) y la capacidad pulmonar mediante espirometría...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125609/-factors-associated-with-prehospital-delay-in-men-and-women-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#15
A Daponte-Codina, J Bolívar-Muñoz, E Sánchez-Cantalejo, I Mateo-Rodríguez, G Babio, N Romo-Avilés, F Rosell-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with prehospital delay in people who have had an acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Using a survey we studied patients admitted due to acute coronary syndrome in the 33 Andalusian public hospitals, obtaining information about different types of variables: socio-demographic, contextual,clinical, perception, action, and transportation.Multivariate logistic regression models were applied to calculate the odds ratios for the delay...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125605/-inequalities-in-premature-mortality-by-indicators-of-material-welfare-in-navarre-population-monitoring-study-2001-2008
#16
E Miqueleiz, L Lostao, L Reques, C Giráldez-García, E Regidor
BACKGROUND: To show the inequalities in premature mortality according to indicators of material welfare in Navarre. METHODS: All citizens under 75 years of age living in Navarre in 2001 were monitored for seven years to determine their vital status. House size and number of household vehicles was used as the socioeconomic status indicator. The age-adjusted total mortality rate and mortality rate from cause-specific mortality were estimated by these indicators. RESULTS: The rate ratio for all causes of death in the lower categories depending on house size is 1...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928507/-human-respiratory-syncytial-virus-genotype-ontario
#17
Lorena Tapia, Natalia Alvial, Paula Bravo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26489074/alexithymia-and-self-reflectiveness-in-bronchial-asthma
#18
Marco Innamorati, Alfredo Chetta, Camilla Antonucci, Elena Bettini, Marina Aiello, Arianna Montali, Chiara Parisoli, Martino Belvederi Murri, Roberto Brugnoli, Roberta Pisi, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore
The aim of the study was to investigate the role of alexithymia in bronchial asthma (BA) patients with low respiratory functioning hypothesizing that it could be used to differentiate a group of patients with clinically significant anxiety and depressive symptoms. We also aimed to investigate whether alexithymia was associated with reduced cognitive insight. Patients (n=153) were administered the State- Trait Anxiety Inventory-State subscale, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, and the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS)...
September 2015: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25955487/long-term-burden-and-respiratory-effects-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-hospitalization-in-preterm-infants-the-spring-study
#19
Xavier Carbonell-Estrany, Eduardo G Pérez-Yarza, Laura Sanchez García, Juana M Guzmán Cabañas, Elena Villarrubia Bòria, Belén Bernardo Atienza
The health status of premature infants born 321-350 weeks' gestational age (wGA) hospitalized for RSV infection in the first year of life (cases; n = 125) was compared to that of premature infants not hospitalized for RSV (controls; n = 362) through 6 years. The primary endpoints were the percentage of children with wheezing between 2-6 years and lung function at 6 years of age. Secondary endpoints included quality of life, healthcare resource use, and allergic sensitization. A significantly higher proportion of cases than controls experienced recurrent wheezing through 6 years of age (46...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25840706/-recommendations-for-respiratory-support-in-the-newborn-iii-surfactant-and-nitric-oxide
#20
F Castillo Salinas, D Elorza Fernández, A Gutiérrez Laso, J Moreno Hernando, G Bustos Lozano, M Gresa Muñoz, J López de Heredia Goya, M Aguar Carrascosa, X Miracle Echegoyen, J R Fernández Lorenzo, M M Serrano, A Concheiro Guisan, C Carrasco Carrasco, J J Comuñas Gómez, M T Moral Pumarega, A M Sánchez Torres, M L Franco
The recommendations included in this document will be part a series of updated reviews of the literature on respiratory support in the newborn infant. These recommendations are structured into twelve modules, and in this work module 7 is presented. Each module is the result of a consensus process including all members of the Surfactant and Respiratory Group of the Spanish Society of Neonatology. They represent a summary of the published papers on each specific topic, and of the clinical experience of each one of the members of the group...
November 2015: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
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