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Citrulline AND NO

Matthew Hanson, Peter Zahradka, Carla G Taylor, Michel Aliani
PURPOSE: Urine samples were obtained from a previously completed study that showed lentil consumption attenuates the increase in blood pressure that occurs over time in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). The objective of the present study was to compare the metabolite profile of the urine samples from control and lentil-fed SHR in relation to the compounds present in lentils but not in other pulses. METHODS: The urine samples were from 17-week-old, male SHR fed semi-purified diet prepared with powder (30 %, w/w) from cooked whole pulses or a pulse-free control diet (n = 8/group) for 4 weeks...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Hugo Huisman, Aletta Schutte, Johannes Van Rooyen, Carla Fourie, Ruan Kruger, Wayne Smith, Leandi Lammertyn, Leone Malan, Shani Botha, Carina Mels
OBJECTIVE: Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a cofactor for nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and may be a critical agent in endothelial function by improving nitric oxide (NO) mediated effects. It is reported that the NO synthesis capacity seems favourable in blacks despite their adverse cardiovascular profile. We therefore compared the concentrations of BH4, as well as blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness between black and white teachers. Furthermore, we tested the associations of BH4 with a product and inhibitor of NO synthesis, namely L-citrulline, and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) respectively, in both ethnic groups...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yang Quan-Jun, Zhang Jian-Ping, Zhang Jian-Hua, Han Yong-Long, Xin Bo, Zhang Jing-Xian, Dai Bona, Zhang Yuan, Guo Cheng
Inhaled budesonide and salbutamol represent the most important and frequently used drugs in asthmatic children during acute exacerbation. However, there is still no consensus about their resulting metabolic derangements; thus, the present study was conducted to determine the distinct metabolic profiles of these two drugs. A total of 69 children with asthma during acute exacerbation were included, and their serum and urine were investigated using high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). A metabolomics analysis was performed using a principal component analysis and orthogonal signal correction-partial least squares using SIMCA-P...
October 12, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Hani M Khojah, Sameh Ahmed, Mahran S Abdel-Rahman, Khaled M Alkhalil, Al-Badr Hamza
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible role of vitamin K homologs as potential biomarkers for disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, 42 patients with RA and 40 healthy controls were enrolled. Serum levels of vitamin K homologs were measured using a high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence method. Different biochemical and clinical markers for disease activity were measured and correlated with serum levels of vitamin K homologs. There were no significant differences between RA patients and healthy subjects in demographic data...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Menelaos G Kanakis, Helen Michelakakis, Petros Petrou, Chrysanthi Koutsandrea, Ilias Georgalas
BACKGROUND: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare metabolic disorder, affecting the metabolism of branched chain amino-acids (Valine, Leukine, Isoleukine). We present a rare case of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in a MSUD patient. CASE PRESENTATION: We performed amino acid analysis of aqueous humour, vitreous and serum samples obtained during surgery from a 24 year old female MSUD patient successfully operated on RRD. Serum values for a-amino-butyric acid, valine, isoleucine, leucine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, ornithine and histidine were low, while values for citrulline, methionine and lysine were borderline low, all attributed to the patient's special diet...
October 3, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
N M A Rahman, H T Fu, S M Sun, H Qiao, S Jin, H K Bai, W Y Zhang, G X Liang, Y S Gong, Y W Xiong, Y Wu
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) produces nitric oxide (NO) by catalyzing the conversion of l-arginine to l-citrulline, with the concomitant oxidation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. Recently, various studies have verified the importance of NOS invertebrates and invertebrates. However, the NOS gene family in the oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense is poorly understood. In this study, we cloned the full-length NOS complementary DNA from M. nipponense (MnNOS) and characterized its expression pattern in different tissues and at different developmental stages...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Quinte Braster, Carlos Silvestre Roig, Helene Hartwig, Linda Beckers, Myrthe den Toom, Yvonne Döring, Mat J Daemen, Esther Lutgens, Oliver Soehnlein
Obesity-associated diseases such as Type 2 diabetes, liver disease and cardiovascular diseases are profoundly mediated by low-grade chronic inflammation of the adipose tissue. Recently, the importance of neutrophils and neutrophil-derived myeloperoxidase and neutrophil elastase on the induction of insulin resistance has been established. Since neutrophil elastase and myeloperoxidase are critically involved in the release of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), we here hypothesized that NETs may be relevant to early adipose tissue inflammation...
2016: PloS One
Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Jon T Giles, Jeremy Sokolove, Afshin Zartoshti, William H Robinson, Matthew Budoff, Robert Detrano, Sabahat Bokhari, Joan M Bathon
OBJECTIVE: Citrullinated proteins have been found within atherosclerotic plaque. However, to date studies evaluating the association between anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPAs) and imaging measures of atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been limited to citrullinated-fibrinogen or citrullinated-vimentin seroreactivities and rendered contradictory results. Therefore, our objective was to evaluate this association using an extended panel of ACPAs in a larger sample of RA patients without clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Hugo Huisman, Aletta Schutte, Johannes Van Rooyen, Carla Fourie, Ruan Kruger, Wayne Smith, Leandi Lammertyn, Leone Malan, Shani Botha, Carina Mels
OBJECTIVE: Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a cofactor for nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and may be a critical agent in endothelial function by improving nitric oxide (NO) mediated effects. It is reported that the NO synthesis capacity seems favourable in blacks despite their adverse cardiovascular profile. We therefore compared the concentrations of BH4, as well as blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness between black and white teachers. Furthermore, we tested the associations of BH4 with a product and inhibitor of NO synthesis, namely L-citrulline, and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) respectively, in both ethnic groups...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Matthew Sievers Alkaitis, Hans C Ackerman
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is an essential cofactor for both phenylalanine hydroxylase and nitric oxide synthase. Patients with severe malaria have low urinary BH4, elevated plasma phenylalanine, and impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation, suggesting that BH4 depletion may limit phenylalanine metabolism and nitric oxide synthesis. We infected C57BL/6 mice with Plasmodium berghei ANKA to characterize BH4 availability and to investigate the effects of BH4 supplementation. P. berghei ANKA infection lowered BH4 in plasma, erythrocytes and brain tissue, but raised it in aorta and liver tissue...
September 19, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
Bethany M Biron, Chun-Shiang Chung, Xian M O'Brien, Yaping Chen, Jonathan S Reichner, Alfred Ayala
Sepsis refers to the presence of a serious infection that correlates with systemic and uncontrolled immune activation. Posttranslational histone modification plays an important role in chromatin decondensation, which is regulated by citrullination. Citrullinated histone H3 (H3cit) has been identified as a component of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), which are released into the extracellular space as part of the neutrophil response to infection. The conversion of arginine to citrulline residues on histones is catalyzed by peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Innate Immunity
Hui-Chun Yu, Pei-Hsuan Lai, Ning-Sheng Lai, Hsien-Bin Huang, Malcolm Koo, Ming-Chi Lu
The objective of this study was to investigate the presence and titer of anti-carbamylated 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (anti-CarGRP78) antibody in serum from controls, and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). Thirty-three RA patients, 20 SLE patients, 20 pSS patients, and 20 controls were enrolled from our outpatient clinic. GRP78 was cloned and carbamylated. Serum titers of anti- cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP), anti-GRP78, and anti-CarGRP78 were measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Rajesh G Mishra, Tzu-Ling Tseng, Mei-Fang Chen, Po-Yi Chen, Tony J-F Lee
Nitric oxide (NO) overproduction via induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is implicated in vasodilatory shock in sepsis, leading to septic encephalopathy and accelerating cerebral ischemic injury. An abbreviated urea-cycle (L-citrulline-L-arginine-NO cycle) has been demonstrated in cerebral perivascular nitrergic nerves and endothelial cells but not in normal cerebral vascular smooth muscle cell (CVSMC). This cycle indicates that argininosuccinate synthase (ASS) catalyzes L-citrulline (L-cit) conversion to form argininosuccinate (AS), and subsequent AS cleavage by argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) forms L-arginine (L-arg), the substrate for NO synthesis...
September 7, 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
Elana J Bernstein, R Graham Barr, John H M Austin, Steven M Kawut, Ganesh Raghu, Jessica L Sell, Eric A Hoffman, John D Newell, Jubal R Watts, P Hrudaya Nath, Sushil K Sonavane, Joan M Bathon, Darcy S Majka, David J Lederer
BACKGROUND: Adults with interstitial lung disease (ILD) often have serologic evidence of autoimmunity of uncertain significance without overt autoimmune disease. We examined associations of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated antibodies with subclinical ILD in community-dwelling adults. METHODS: We measured serum rheumatoid factor (RF) and anticyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP) and high attenuation areas (HAAs; CT attenuation values between -600 and -250 Hounsfield units) on cardiac CT in 6736 community-dwelling US adults enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
September 8, 2016: Thorax
Agnieszka Klupczynska, Paweł Dereziński, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz, Krystian Pawlak, Mariusz Kasprzyk, Zenon J Kokot
OBJECTIVES: Data from studies performed in Japanese and Korean populations suggest that free amino acid profiles have the potential to aid in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) detection. However, there is still no data regarding abnormalities of free amino acids and their usefulness in NSCLC detection in European populations. The aim of the study was an evaluation of utility of amino acid profiles in NSCLC detection in Polish patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Levels of 31 free amino acids were determined in 153 serum samples applying a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based methodology...
October 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Alicia Beatriz Costantino, Cristina Del Valle Acosta, Laura Onetti, Eduardo Mussano, Ignacio Isaac Cadile, Paola Virginia Ferrero
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that is characterized by the presence of different autoantibodies such as rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies. CD4T cells expressing CXCR5, referred as follicular helper T cells (Tfh), collaborate with B cells to produce antibodies. Differential expression of CXCR3 and CCR6 within CD4(+)CXCR5(+) T cells defines three mayor subsets: CXCR3(+)CCR6(-) (Tfh1), CXCR3(-)CCR6(-) (Tfh2) and CXCR3(-)CCR6(+) (Tfh17)...
August 29, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
Koji Tamai, Harukazu Yoshimatsu, Toshiharu Saito, Hirofumi Matsuoka, Nobuhiko Okada, Yasuko Koma, Akiko Otsuka, Nao Oda, Sayaka Inoue, Sachie Kume, Yujiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune involvement in the pathogenesis of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been proposed, and autoantibodies are a hallmark of autoimmunity. This study aimed to compare the autoantibody profiles of asthma and COPD, and the relationship between autoantibodies and features of these diseases. METHODS: We recruited 110 asthma patients and 92 COPD patients for a prospective study. Six autoantibody types were evaluated: antinuclear antibody, anti-cytoplasmic antibodies, rheumatoid factor, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody, myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (MPO-ANCA) and proteinase 3-ANCA...
August 31, 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Tetsuya Abe, Kazuhiko Mishima, Akira Uchino, Atsushi Sasaki, Norio Tanahashi, Masaki Takao
We report an 84-year-old woman with rheumatoid meningitis. She developed weakness in her muscles and became cognitively impaired. However, physical examination revealed no evidence of rheumatoid arthritis. Levels of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies were elevated. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed hyperintense lesions in the frontotemporoparietal subarachnoid space on fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images. Leptomeningeal enhancement was also evident on gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted images...
September 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
M Pahlitzsch, R Zielke, S Schlittgen, K Göbel, R Alten, C Erb
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the additive systemic inflammatory process of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in arterial hypertension patients, structural and morphological changes of the retina and optic nerve head were assessed by modern topographic technologies. Similarities of underlying vascular mechanisms between RA and arterial hypertension are interesting and have not been researched in depth. The aim of this study is to evaluate changes of RA and arterial hypertension with the optic coherence topography (OCT) and Heidelberg retina tomography (HRT III), to validate RA changes in comparison to arterial hypertension only patients and, finally, if these methods are useful to detect the chronic inflammatory influence of the RA on the eye...
August 29, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
D Winnica, L G Que, C Baffi, H Grasemann, K Fiedler, Z Yang, E Etling, K Wasil, S E Wenzel, B Freeman, F Holguin
BACKGROUND: Asthma is associated with reduced systemic levels of l-arginine and increased asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). This imbalance leads to nitric oxide synthase (NOS) uncoupling with reduced nitric oxide (NO) formation and greater oxidative and nitrosative stress. Whether this imbalance also occurs in bronchial epitheliumof asthmatics is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We used primary human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) from asthmatics and healthy controls to evaluate: (i) ADMA-mediated NOS uncoupling reduces epithelial production of NO and increases oxygen and nitrogen reactive species, and (ii) l-citrulline can reverse this mechanism by recoupling NOS, restoring NO production and reducing oxidative and nitrosative stress...
August 26, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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