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Kneginja Richter, Lukas Peter, Hartmut Lehfeld, Harald Zäske, Salina Brar-Reissinger, Günter Niklewski
BACKGROUND: In the study, the frequency and nature of asylum seekers' psychiatric diagnoses in a German admission center were examined. Additional aims were to identify changes in those diagnoses over time and to investigate health care utilization of mentally ill asylum seekers in the community. METHODS: The sample for the study "Psychiatric Examination of Asylum Seekers" in Bavaria consisted of a total of 283 asylum seekers and included 2 subsamples: help-seeking individuals and a randomly selected group...
June 20, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Saqib Hakak, Amirrudin Kamsin, Shivakumara Palaiahnakote, Omar Tayan, Mohd Yamani Idna Idris, Khir Zuhaili Abukhir
Arabic script is highly sensitive to changes in meaning with respect to the accurate arrangement of diacritics and other related symbols. The most sensitive Arabic text available online is the Digital Qur'an, the sacred book of Revelation in Islam that all Muslims including non-Arabs recite as part of their worship. Due to the different characteristics of the Arabic letters like diacritics (punctuation symbols), kashida (extended letters) and other symbols, it is written and available in different styles like Kufi, Naskh, Thuluth, Uthmani, etc...
2018: PloS One
K B Sreter, A Muslim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Nahed A Makhlouf, Shaimaa Arafat Abdel-Monem, Ahlam Mohamed Farghaly, Ahmed Helmy
BACKGROUND: In Egypt, there is no legislation for deceased donor transplant; therefore, programs provide living donation only. One possible barrier against living liver donation may be the attitude of the health-care professional. This study aimed to (1) assess the level of knowledge and attitude toward liver donation and transplantation among health-care professional in an University Hospital in Upper Egypt and (2) analyze the variables that affect such an attitude. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey study with 300 health-care professionals...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Tomas Log, Svetlana Skurtveit, Aage Tverdal, Kari Furu, Ingeborg Hartz
Purpose To examine and compare dispensing of prescribed analgesics between young people with parents from countries with a Muslim majority and those with parents born in Norway. Methods Our study-population constituted 11,542 adolescents from the Norwegian Youth Health Surveys conducted in 2000-2003. Users and non-users of prescribed analgesics at baseline were analysed separately. Self-reported information on their parents' birth country was used to classify them into one of the three predefined groups: Norway, countries with a Muslim majority or others...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Rojan Afrouz, Beth R Crisp, Ann Taket
OBJECTIVE: Women from different backgrounds and cultures are at risk of domestic violence. Disclosing the abusive experience and seeking help is not straightforward and easy and might be a complicated and long-term process. Muslim women, like other groups of women, may face various barriers to disclose abusive relationships and for seeking help. Some of the barriers may be common for the majority of Muslim women in different contexts, while others might be related to women's situations and the wider society they live...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Stefan Stürmer, Anette Rohmann, Laura Froehlich, Jolanda van der Noll
This article uses an interactionist perspective to understand the role of media framings of critical events in catalyzing Western citizens' support for radical responses to Muslim immigration (e.g., armed self-defense). A multi-method series of three studies tested this perspective in the context of the 2015/2016 Cologne New Year's Eve sexual assaults on women. Study 1, a content analysis of 163 online newspaper articles, revealed that mass media attributed the assaults to the suspects' Muslim culture. Study 2, a correlational study ( N = 487) conducted at the peak of the media coverage, confirmed that the degree to which participants accepted the veracity of the culture-focused media representation strengthened the relation between their feelings of symbolic threat as a result of Muslim immigration and their approval of radical responses...
June 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Cristina Giuliani, Semira Tagliabue, Camillo Regalia
Given the growing number of Muslim immigrants in Western countries, there is a need for research focusing on their psychological well-being and correlates. The present study investigated whether perceived discrimination is associated with depression and satisfaction with migration through the mediating role of several identity dimensions (ethnic, national, and religious) among 204 first and second generation adult Muslim immigrants living in Italy. They participated in structured interviews, and a multi-group path analysis model was conducted using Mplus...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Mahesh Srinivasan, Elizabeth Kaplan, Audun Dahl
Conflicts arise when members of one religion apply their norms to members of another religion. Two studies explored how one hundred 9- to 15-year-old Hindu and Muslim children from India reason about the scope of religious norms. Both Hindus and Muslims from a diverse Hindu-Muslim school (Study 1) and Hindus from a homogeneous Hindu school (Study 2) more often judged it wrong for Hindus to violate Hindu norms, compared to Muslim norms, and said the opposite for Muslims. In contrast, children judged it wrong for both Hindus and Muslims to harm others...
June 13, 2018: Child Development
Kathryn Kraft, Jonathan D Smith
This paper explores the crucial part that faith-based organisations (FBOs) play in acting as intermediaries between international donors and local faith communities (LFCs) implementing humanitarian relief projects for Syrian refugees. Humanitarian responses to the mounting Syrian refugee crisis have coincided with greater collaboration between international donors and LFCs. This cooperation often is facilitated by a complex web of non-state intermediaries at the international, national, and local level. This study probes the breadth of roles of these intermediaries, drawing on primary data from case studies of two Christian intermediaries supporting Christian LFCs as they deliver aid primarily to Muslim Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon...
June 12, 2018: Disasters
Nazim Ghouri, Sufyan Hussain, Ruzwan Mohammed, Salem Arifi Beshyah, Tahseen A Chowdhury, Naveed Sattar, Aziz Sheikh
A large proportion of the Muslim population fasts during Ramadan. The risk of hypoglycemia is increased with fasting during Ramadan in people with diabetes who are on insulin and insulin secretagogues. Therefore, the combination of fasting with diabetes and driving presents a challenging situation, with legal implications for such individuals and their healthcare professionals. This novel, narrative, non-systematic review discusses the importance of addressing hypoglycemia in fasting with reference to secular legal guidance on driving with diabetes...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Muhammad Alamzeb, Muhammad Omer, Mamoon Ur-Rashid, Muslim Raza, Saqib Ali, Behramand Khan, Asad Ullah
Urease enzyme is responsible for gastric cancer, peptic ulcer, hepatic coma, and urinary stones in millions of people across the world. So, there is a strong need to develop new and safe antiurease drugs, particularly from natural sources. In search for new and effective drugs from natural sources bioassay-guided fractionation and isolation of Berberis glaucocarpa Stapf roots bark resulted in the isolation and characterization, on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR data, of two bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids, oxyacanthine ( 1 ) and tetrandrine ( 2 ), followed by urease inhibition studies...
2018: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Roland Nnaemeka Okoro, Muslim Olakunle Jamiu
In 2005, Nigeria changed its antimalarial drug policy to Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies (ACTs) for the treatment of malaria infection, and it is imperative for prescribers to strictly comply with this guideline to harmonize malaria management practices within the country. This study aims to evaluate prescribers' adherence with the National Antimalarial Treatment Guideline (NATG) in the treatment of malaria infections and to describe the determinants of antimalarial drugs coprescription with antibiotics at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria...
2018: Journal of Tropical Medicine
Jing Sun, Muslim Raza, Xinxiao Sun, Qipeng Yuan
Adipic acid (AA) is an important dicarboxylic acid used for the manufacture of nylon and polyurethane plastics. In this study, a novel adipic acid biosynthetic pathway was designed by extending the cis,cis-muconic acid (MA) biosynthesis through biohydrogenation. Enoate reductase from Clostridium acetobutylicum (CaER), an oxygen-sensitive reductase, was demonstrated to have in vivo enzyme activity of converting cis,cis-muconic acid to adipic acid under microaerobic condition. Engineered Escherichia coli strains were constructed to express the whole pathway and accumulated 5...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Christopher A Bail, Friedolin Merhout, Peng Ding
Recent terrorist attacks by first- and second-generation immigrants in the United States and Europe indicate that radicalization may result from the failure of ethnic integration-or the rise of intergroup prejudice in communities where "home-grown" extremists are raised. Yet, these community-level drivers are notoriously difficult to study because public opinion surveys provide biased measures of both prejudice and radicalization. We examine the relationship between anti-Muslim and pro-ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) Internet searches in 3099 U...
June 2018: Science Advances
G Adamker, T Holzer, I Karakis, M Amitay, E Anis, S R Singer, Z Barnett-Itzhaki
Shigellosis causes significant morbidity and mortality in developing and developed countries, mostly among infants and young children. The World Health Organization estimates that more than one million people die from Shigellosis every year. In order to evaluate trends in Shigellosis in Israel in the years 2002-2015, we analysed national notifiable disease reporting data. Shigella sonnei was the most commonly identified Shigella species in Israel. Hospitalisation rates due to Shigella flexenri were higher in comparison with other Shigella species...
June 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Sally M Mtenga, Constanze Pfeiffer, Marcel Tanner, Eveline Geubbels, Sonja Merten
BACKGROUND: Extramarital sex is a potential driver of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission for long-term couples in sub-Saharan Africa. It is increasingly recognized that preventing sexual risk behaviours requires an understanding and adjustment of sexual relationship factors beyond the individual level. We investigated the association between extramarital affairs and HIV status, factors associated with extramarital affairs, and created insights in the context and pathways for married men and women in rural Tanzania who engage in extramarital affairs...
June 7, 2018: AIDS Research and Therapy
Guang-Xin E, Yong-Ju Zhao, Li-Peng Chen, Yue-Hui Ma, Ming-Xing Chu, Xiang-Long Li, Qiong-Hua Hong, Lan-Hui Li, Ji-Jun Guo, Lan Zhu, Yan-Guo Han, Hui-Jiang Gao, Jia-Hua Zhang, Huai-Zhi Jiang, Cao-De Jiang, Gao-Fu Wang, Hang-Xing Ren, Mei-Lan Jin, Yuan-Zhi Sun, Peng Zhou, Yong-Fu Huang
The objective of this study was to assess the genetic diversity and population structure of goats in the Yangtze River region using microsatellite and mtDNA to better understand the current status of those goat genetic diversity and the effects of natural landscape in fashion of domestic animal genetic diversity. The genetic variability of 16 goat populations in the littoral zone of the Yangtze River was estimated using 21 autosomal microsatellites, which revealed high diversity and genetic population clustering with a dispersed geographical distribution...
May 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Setegn Tigabu, Tesfa Demelew, Awol Seid, Bisrate Sime, Tsegahun Manyazewal
BACKGROUND: Despite the large-scale investment in access to contraceptives, high population growth and unintended pregnancies are posing pressures in Ethiopia where the economy is incapable of holding overpopulation. The aim of this study was to assess and explore socioeconomic and religious differentials in contraceptive uptake. METHODS: A mixed-methods phenomenological study was conducted in western Ethiopia, Oromia region. Data were collected through survey with 1352 mothers of reproductive age, interviews with 37 key informants, and 13 focus group discussions with family planning service providers, college instructors and mothers of reproductive age...
June 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Mandy Tjew-A-Sin, Sander Leon Koole
Terror Management Theory (TMT; Greenberg et al., 1997) proposes that mortality concerns may lead people to reject other cultures than their own. Although highly relevant to multiculturalism, TMT has been rarely tested in a European multicultural society. To fill this void, two studies examined the effects of mortality salience (MS) among native Dutch people with varying levels of national identification and self-esteem. Consistent with TMT, MS led to less favorable attitudes about Muslims and multiculturalism among participants with high (rather than low) national identification and low (rather than high) self-esteem (Study 1)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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