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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905934/estimation-of-country-specific-and-global-prevalence-of-male-circumcision
#1
Brian J Morris, Richard G Wamai, Esther B Henebeng, Aaron Ar Tobian, Jeffrey D Klausner, Joya Banerjee, Catherine A Hankins
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision (MC) status and genital infection risk are interlinked and MC is now part of HIV prevention programs worldwide. Current MC prevalence is not known for all countries globally. Our aim was to provide estimates for country-specific and global MC prevalence. METHODS: MC prevalence data were obtained by searches in PubMed, Demographic and Health Surveys, AIDS Indicator Surveys, and Behavioural Surveillance Surveys. Male age was ≥15 years in most surveys...
March 1, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901293/live-birth-sex-ratios-and-father-s-geographic-origins-in-jerusalem-1964-1976
#2
J Groeger, M Opler, K Kleinhaus, M C Perrin, R Calderon-Margalit, O Manor, O Paltiel, D Conley, S Harlap, D Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether ancestry influenced sex ratios of offspring in a birth cohort before parental antenatal sex selection influenced offspring sex. METHODS: We measured the sex ratio as the percent of males according to countries of birth of paternal and maternal grandfathers in 91,459 live births from 1964 to 1976 in the Jerusalem Perinatal Study. Confidence limits (CI) were computed based on an expected sex ratio of 1.05, which is 51.4% male. RESULTS: Of all live births recorded, 51...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892686/tobacco-and-the-malays-ethnicity-health-and-the-political-economy-of-tobacco-in-malaysia
#3
Simon Barraclough, Martha Morrow
OBJECTIVES: To identify the historical nexus between Malaysia's largest and politically dominant ethnic group and the political economy of tobacco, and to consider the implications of this connection for tobacco control. DESIGN: Primary and secondary documentary sources in both English and Malay were analysed to illuminate key events and decisions, and the discourse of industry and government. Sources included: speeches by Malaysian political and industry actors; tobacco industry reports, press releases and websites; government documents; World Health Organization (WHO) tobacco control literature; and press reports...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891416/effect-of-oral-iron-on-markers-of-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-status-in-children-with-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#4
Zeeba Zaka-Ur-Rab, Mohammad Adnan, Syed Moiz Ahmad, Najmul Islam
INTRODUCTION: Conflicting reports are available on the relationship of Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) and iron therapy with oxidative stress. AIM: To study the levels of markers of oxidative stress and anti-oxidant status in children with IDA and to assess the effect of iron therapy on the same. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, single centre, hospital based study was a sub-study of a randomized controlled trial conducted in the Department of Paediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh in collaboration with the Department of Biochemistry (of the same institution) between October 2009 to February 2011...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890142/the-effects-of-a-simple-intervention-on-exposures-to-low-back-pain-risk-factors-during-traditional-posterior-load-carriage
#5
Khoirul Muslim, Maury A Nussbaum
Traditional posterior load carriage (PLC), typically performed without the use of an assistive device, is associated with a high prevalence of low back pain (LBP). However, there are few studies that have evaluated potential interventions to reduce exposures to LBP risk factors. This work examined the effects of a simple, potentially low-cost intervention using an assistive device (i.e., carrying aid) on exposures to factors related to LBP risk during PLC. Torso kinematics and kinetics, slip risk, and ratings of perceived discomfort (RPD) were obtained during simulated PLC on a walkway...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882710/john-porter-book-prize-lecture-bringing-the-social-back-in-on-the-integration-of-muslim-immigrants-and-the-jurisprudence-of-muslim-minorities
#6
Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities)...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882000/study-on-risk-factors-predisposing-factors-for-poor-diabetes-control-during-hajj-1436-2015-in-people-with-diabetes
#7
Gulshad Hasan, Hanan Moabber, Arwa Alyamani, Ahmed Sayeed, Faisal Altatar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of Muslims perform pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is particularly stressful during the peak five days, when all rituals have to be performed at specific periods of time at different sites. Poor diabetes control in people with diabetes predisposes to morbidity and increases risk of acute complications. We wanted to see how well their blood glucose control was before coming to Hajj and whether they were aware, about self management of Diabetes and what were reasons for hospital admissions...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875640/an-untold-story-the-important-contributions-of-muslim-scholars-for-the-understanding-of-human-anatomy
#8
REVIEW
Malak A Alghamdi, Janine M Ziermann, Rui Diogo
It is usually assumed that Galen is one of the fathers of anatomy and that between the Corpus Galenicum and the Renaissance there was no major advance in anatomical knowledge. However, it is also consensually accepted that Muslim scholars had the intellectual leadership from the 8th/9th to 13th centuries, and that they made remarkable progresses in numerous scientific fields including medicine. So, how is it possible that they did not contribute to advance human anatomy during that period? According to the dominant view Muslim scholars exclusively had a passive role: their transmission of knowledge from the Greeks to the West...
November 22, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875532/willingness-to-know-the-cause-of-death-and-hypothetical-acceptability-of-the-minimally-invasive-autopsy-in-six-diverse-african-and-asian-settings-a-mixed-methods-socio-behavioural-study
#9
Maria Maixenchs, Rui Anselmo, Emily Zielinski-Gutiérrez, Frank O Odhiambo, Clarah Akello, Maureen Ondire, S Shujaat H Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Kounandji Diarra, Mahamane Djitèye, Roukiatou Dembélé, Samba Sow, Pamela Cathérine Angoissa Minsoko, Selidji Todagbe Agnandji, Bertrand Lell, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez, Quique Bassat, Khátia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) is being investigated as an alternative to complete diagnostic autopsies for cause of death (CoD) investigation. Before potential implementation of the MIA in settings where post-mortem procedures are unusual, a thorough assessment of its feasibility and acceptability is essential. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a socio-behavioural study at the community level to understand local attitudes and perceptions related to death and the hypothetical feasibility and acceptability of conducting MIAs in six distinct settings in Gabon, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, and Pakistan...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867892/fasting-practices-in-tamil-nadu-and-their-importance-for-patients-with-diabetes
#10
REVIEW
Subramanian Kannan, Shriraam Mahadevan, Krishna Seshadri, Dhalapathy Sadacharan, Kumaravel Velayutham
Religious practices and cultural customs related to eating habits have a significant impact on lifestyle and health of the community. The Ramadan fasting in Muslims and its influence on various metabolic parameters such as diabetes have been reasonably studied. However, literature related to Hindu religious customs related to fasting and food patterns during various festivals and its effect on diabetes are scarce. This article is an attempt to describe the Hindu religious customs related to fasting and food practices from the State of Tamil Nadu (South India) and to raise the awareness among physicians about its relationship with diabetes which may help in managing their diabetic patients in a better way...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858594/the-attitudes-of-nursing-students-to-euthanasia
#11
Ladan Naseh, Mohammad Heidari
One of the most common morally controversial issues in endof-life care is euthanasia. Examining the attitudes of nursing students to this issue is important because they may encounter situations related to euthanasia during their clinical courses. The aim of our study was to examine nursing students' attitudes to euthanasia in Shahrekord city in western Iran. This was done using the Euthanasia Attitude Scale. The scale is divided into four categories, ie ethical considerations, practical considerations, treasuring life and naturalistic beliefs...
October 28, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856072/the-behind-the-scenes-activity-of-parental-decision-making-discourse-regarding-childhood-vaccination
#12
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Nathan Walter, Yaffa Shir-Raz, Oshrat Sassoni Bar-Lev, Shira Rosenblat
BACKGROUND: Vaccine compliance has long been a cause for concern for health authorities throughout the world. However very little effort has been made to examine parental discourse during the decision-making process. METHODS: An online survey was conducted (N = 437) to examine predictors of parents' attitudes regarding childhood vaccination. RESULTS: Hesitant parents were 4 times more likely to conduct intrafamily discussion regarding vaccination compared with provaccination parents (Exp[B] = 4...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852090/intraductal-cholangioscopy-guided-electrohydraulic-lithotripsy-as-a-rescue-therapy-for-impacted-common-bile-duct-stones-within-a-dormia-basket
#13
Khalil Aloreidi, Bhavesh Patel, Muslim Atiq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849430/the-normalization-of-cannabis-use-among-bangladeshi-and-pakistani-youth-a-new-frontier-for-the-normalization-thesis
#14
Lisa Williams, Rob Ralphs, Paul Gray
BACKGROUND: The Asian population in Britain has grown, representing the second largest ethnic group; Bangladeshi, Pakistani, and Indian nationalities are prevalent (Jivraj, 2012 ; Office for National Statistics, 2013 ). Yet, we know relatively little about the nature and extent of their substance use. Jayakody et al. ( 2006 ) argue ethnic minority groups may be influenced by the norms and values of the dominant culture. Given recreational drug use has undergone a process of normalization in Britain (Aldridge et al...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835664/co-circulation-of-72bp-duplication-group-a-and-60bp-duplication-group-b-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-strains-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-during-2014
#15
Anwar Ahmed, Shakir H Haider, Shama Parveen, Mohammed Arshad, Hytham A Alsenaidy, Alawi Omar Baaboud, Khalid Fahad Mobaireek, Muslim Mohammed AlSaadi, Abdulrahman M Alsenaidy, Wayne Sullender
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important viral pathogen of acute respiratory tract infection (ARI). Limited data are available on molecular epidemiology of RSV from Saudi Arabia. A total of 130 nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from children less than 5 years of age with ARI symptoms attending the Emergency Department at King Khalid University Hospital and King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between October and December, 2014. RSV was identified in the 26% of the hospitalized children by reverse transcriptase PCR...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829657/reprising-ramadan-related-angina-pectoris-a-potential-strategy-for-risk-reduction
#16
Arthur J Siegel, Nasir A Bhatti, Jason H Wasfy
BACKGROUND A preponderance of evidence supports short-term aspirin usage to reduce transiently increased cardiovascular risk in clinical conditions that promote acute myocardial ischemia. CASE REPORT We report on the case of a 69-year-old male of Muslim Indian heritage with multiple cardiovascular risk factors who experienced the onset of angina pectoris while fasting for Ramadan for more than 16 hours daily for 30 days in July 2015. While symptom free for 2 months on medical management after ending his fast, he underwent quadruple coronary artery bypass surgery for severe 4-vessel disease following an acute anterior myocardial infarction...
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826544/a-prospective-multi-country-observational-trial-to-compare-the-incidences-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-the-month-of-ramadan-the-preceding-month-and-the-following-month-dkar-international
#17
Elamin I E Abdelgadir, Mohamed M Hassanein, Alaaeldin M K Bashier, Sulaf Abdelaziz, Salwa Baki, Asma Chadli, Sara Askaoui, El Ansari Nawal, Ines S Slim, El Mghari Ghizlane, Khadija Hafidh, Fatheya Alawadi
BACKGROUND: 1.7 billion Muslims worldwide obey divine commands of fasting for a month. This may increase the probability of the acute complications of diabetes during the fasting period. DESIGN AND METHODS: We primarily aimed to compare the incidences and duration of Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) admissions during Ramadan compared to the month before (Shaaban) and the month after (Shawal) as well as the average pre-Ramadan six months' admissions. Our secondary objective was to assess the different incidence of DKA between Ramadan and the other months regarding precipitating factors, fasting practices in people admitted with DKA and gender differences...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826401/effects-of-ramadan-fasting-on-inspiratory-muscle-function
#18
Mohsen Soori, Shahram Mohaghegh, Maryam Hajain, Behrooz Moraadi
BACKGROUND: Ramadan fasting is a major challenge for exercising Muslims especially in warm seasons. There is some evidence to indicate that Ramadan fasting causes higher subjective ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) in fasting Muslims. The mechanisms of this phenomenon are not known exactly. The role of respiratory muscle strength in this regard has not been studied yet. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was investigation of the effects of Ramadan fasting on respiratory muscle strength...
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822848/islam-and-environmental-consciousness-a-new-scale-development
#19
Hossein Emari, Hossein Vazifehdoust, Hashem Nikoomaram
This research proposed a new construct, Islamic environmental consciousness (IEC), and developed a measurement scale to support this construct. Churchill's (J Mark Res 16(1):64-73, 1979) paradigm, adapted by Negra and Mzoughi (Internet Res 22(4):426-442, 2012), was utilized. A total of 32 items were generated based on the verses of the Qur'an from nine interviews with teachers in an Islamic seminary. This set of items was reduced to 19 after dropping redundant or non-representative items. In a pilot study, factor analysis of the 19-item scale yielded a two-factor structure scale of seven items with a reliability ranging from 0...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822349/implementation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-endometrial-cancer-work-in-progress
#20
REVIEW
H N Sallam, N H Sallam
Human response to new developments regarding birth, death, marriage and divorce is largely shaped by religious beliefs. When assisted reproduction was introduced into medical practice in the last quarter of the twentieth century, it was fiercely attacked by some religious groups and highly welcomed by others. Today, assisted reproduction is accepted in nearly all its forms by Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism, although most Orthodox Jews refuse third party involvement. On the contrary assisted reproduction is totally unacceptable to Roman Catholicism, while Protestants, Anglicans, Coptic Christians and Sunni Muslims accept most of its forms, which do not involve gamete or embryo donation...
March 28, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
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