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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815636/muslims-tolerance-towards-outgroups-longitudinal-evidence-for-the-role-of-respect
#1
Bernd Simon, Christoph Daniel Schaefer
We employed a longitudinal design to test two hypotheses concerning Muslims' respect for and tolerance towards disapproved outgroups. In support of the outgroup respect-tolerance hypothesis derived from the disapproval-respect model of social tolerance, our results strongly suggest that respect for disapproved outgroups is not just a correlate of tolerance towards those groups, but a causal antecedent. In support of the intergroup respect-reciprocity hypothesis, we identified respect from disapproved outgroups as an effective source of respect for disapproved outgroups and therefore also as a (distal) source of tolerance towards those groups...
August 15, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811776/role-of-ramadan-specific-diabetes-education-rsde-a-prospective-study
#2
Muhammad Yakoob Ahmedani, Shahid Ahsan, Muhammad Saif Ul Haque
OBJECTIVE: To observe the role of Ramadan Specific Diabetes Education (RSDE) in the management of fasting patients with diabetes. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out at out-patients department (OPD) of Baqai Institute of Diabetology & Endocrinology (BIDE), in 2012. Recruitment of patients started a month prior to Ramadan. Muslim patients with diabetes whether had their first or on follow up visit to the OPD and showed intention to hold fast in the month of Ramadan, were included...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805128/the-reception-of-broadcast-terrorism-recruitment-and-radicalisation
#3
Edgar Jones
The declaration of a caliphate by Islamic State in June 2014 witnessed the recruitment of increasing numbers of foreign terrorist fighters drawn from a diverse range of nations across the globe. This paper seeks to explore the appeal of extreme groups and how recruiters persuade young people to risk either their lives or lengthy terms of imprisonment. The processes of radicalization and recruitment are differentiated and compared with conventional means of encouraging individuals to enlist in state-sanctioned armed forces...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805126/using-culture-and-psychology-to-counter-the-taliban-s-violent-narratives
#4
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Scholars, politicians, and policy-makers have increasingly pointed to the role of narratives in recruiting militants and justifying violence, highlighting the need for counter-narratives that promote peace. However, few have offered concrete guidelines on how to construct counter-narratives. This exploratory study uses prototype theory from social psychology to analyse Taliban narratives written in Arabic on the historical figure Maḥmūd of Ghaznī (971-1030), who is portrayed as a figure worthy of emulation...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799821/a-review-of-palliative-and-hospice-care-in-the-context-of-islam-dying-with-faith-and-family
#5
Maximiliano Mendieta, Robert W Buckingham
BACKGROUND: By starting to understand Muslim culture, we can seek common ground with Islamic culture within the American experience and bridge opportunities for better palliative and hospice care here and in Middle Eastern countries. The United States, Canada, and Europe are education hubs for Middle Eastern students, creating an opportunity for the palliative and hospice care philosophy to gain access by proxy to populations of terminally ill patients who can benefit from end-of-life care...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799805/british-pakistani-muslim-masculinity-in-fertility-and-the-clinical-encounter
#6
Mwenza Blell
The experiences of men facing fertility disruptions are understudied. For British Pakistanis, the impact of infertility is heightened for women because of normative pressures to bear children. But what of men? I present data from in-depth interviews in North East England with infertile British Pakistani Muslims and relevant health professionals. British Pakistani men's level of participation in clinical encounters and responses to diagnoses of male factor infertility must be understood in the context of kinship, the construction of Pakistani ethnicity in the UK, and the subordinated forms of masculinity which accompany this identity...
August 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795921/health-at-the-borders-bayesian-multilevel-analysis-of-women-s-malnutrition-determinants-in-ethiopia
#7
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Chiara Altare, Bruno Masquelier, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background Women's malnutrition, particularly undernutrition, remains an important public health challenge in Ethiopia. Although various studies examined the levels and determinants of women's nutritional status, the influence of living close to an international border on women's nutrition has not been investigated. Yet, Ethiopian borders are regularly affected by conflict and refugee flows, which might ultimately impact health. Objective To investigate the impact of living close to borders in the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia, while considering other important covariates...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795898/from-feeling-broken-to-looking-beyond-broken-palestinian-mothers-experiences-of-having-a-child-with-spina-bifida
#8
Maha Sudki Hmeidan Nahal, Helena Wigert, Asma Imam, Åsa B Axelsson
Spina bifida (SB) is the second most common birth defect worldwide. Mothers of children with SB face extraordinary challenges due to the complicated conditions and disability of their children. Little is known about the impact of these challenges on the mothers' well-being, particularly in Middle Eastern culture, where chronic illness and disability are perceived as a stigma, and care of disabled children has traditionally been the responsibility of the mother. The aim of this study was to illuminate mothers' lived experience of having a child with SB in Palestine...
May 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791239/muslim-patients-in-ramadan-a-review-for-primary-care-physicians
#9
REVIEW
Heba Abolaban, Ahmad Al-Moujahed
Fasting Ramadan, in which Muslims abstain from specific habits and behaviors from dawn to sunset, is one of the five Pillars of Islam. While there are several exemptions from fasting, many Muslim patients with acute or chronic medical conditions still choose to fast, which may adversely affect their health if not addressed properly. Some patients may not be well educated about the effects of some medical treatments and procedures on the validity of their fast, which can unnecessarily lead to suboptimal management of their conditions or treatment nonadherence...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782331/acceptability-of-a-microfinance-based-empowerment-intervention-for-transgender-and-cisgender-women-sex-workers-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#10
Priya Lall, Stacey A Shaw, Rumana Saifi, Susan Sherman, Nuruljannah Nor Azmi, Veena Pillai, Nabila El-Bassel, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Jeffrey A Wickersham
INTRODUCTION: Cisgender and transgender woman sex workers (CWSWs and TWSWs, respectively) are key populations in Malaysia with higher HIV-prevalence than that of the general population. Given the impact economic instability can have on HIV transmission in these populations, novel HIV prevention interventions that reduce poverty may reduce HIV incidence and improve linkage and retention to care for those already living with HIV. We examine the feasibility of a microfinance-based HIV prevention intervention among CWSW and TWSWs in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776918/depression-among-older-people-in-sri-lanka-with-special-reference-to-ethnicity
#11
Amartuvshin Khaltar, Neelawala Gw Priyadarshani, Nisansala Y Delpitiya, Chandrika Jayasinghe, Ananda Jayasinghe, Asuna Arai, Hiko Tamashiro
AIM: To ascertain if the factors associated with depression differ among ethnic groups in community-dwelling older people in Kandy District, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out of people aged ≥60 years living in a single divisional secretariat of Kandy District. The participants were asked about ethnicity (Sinhalese, Tamil and Muslim), sociodemographic characteristics and depression status by face-to-face interviews with a structured questionnaire...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776784/the-international-phase-4-validation-study-of-the-eortc-qlq-swb32-a-stand-alone-measure-of-spiritual-well-being-for%C3%A2-people-receiving-palliative-care-for-cancer
#12
B Vivat, T E Young, J Winstanley, J I Arraras, K Black, F Boyle, A Bredart, A Costantini, J Guo, M E Irarrazaval, K Kobayashi, R Kruizinga, M Navarro, S Omidvari, G E Rohde, S Serpentini, N Spry, H W M Van Laarhoven, G M Yang
The EORTC Quality of Life Group has just completed the final phase (field-testing and validation) of an international project to develop a stand-alone measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) for palliative cancer patients. Participants (n = 451)-from 14 countries on four continents; 54% female; 188 Christian; 50 Muslim; 156 with no religion-completed a provisional 36-item measure of SWB plus the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL (PAL), then took part in a structured debriefing interview. All items showed good score distribution across response categories...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776125/-for-every-illness-there-is-a-cure-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-moroccan-muslim-women-regarding-health-illness-and-medicine
#13
Chaïma Ahaddour, Bert Broeckaert
In order to provide adequate health care, it is important to be well aware of the views and attitudes of the health seeker regarding health, illness and medicine. In the Belgian context, the views of Muslim women, particularly of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan women, have been understudied. The aim of this article is twofold. First, we seek to bring forward the attitudes and beliefs of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women living in Antwerp (Belgium) towards health, illness and medicine. Second, we seek to explore which role religion plays in their views and attitudes regarding health, illness and medicine...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771072/comparative-associations-between-achieved-bicultural-identity-achieved-ego-identity-and-achieved-religious-identity-and-adaptation-among-australian-adolescent-muslims
#14
Hisham M Abu-Rayya, Maram H Abu-Rayya, Fiona A White, Richard Walker
This study examined the comparative roles of biculturalism, ego identity, and religious identity in the adaptation of Australian adolescent Muslims. A total of 504 high school Muslim students studying at high schools in metropolitan Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, took part in this study which required them to complete a self-report questionnaire. Analyses indicated that adolescent Muslims' achieved religious identity seems to play a more important role in shaping their psychological and socio-cultural adaptation compared to adolescents' achieved bicultural identity...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769590/exploring-the-acceptability-of-human-papillomavirus-self-sampling-among-muslim-immigrant-women
#15
Aisha K Lofters, Mandana Vahabi, Mitra Fardad, Afrah Raza
BACKGROUND: With appropriate screening (ie, the Papanicolaou [Pap] test), cervical cancer is highly preventable, and high-income countries, including Canada, have observed significant decreases in cervical cancer mortality. However, certain subgroups, including immigrants from countries with large Muslim populations, experience disparities in cervical cancer screening. Little is known about the acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as a screening strategy among Muslim immigrant women in Canada...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761892/hybrid-percutaneous-endoscopic-treatment-for-acute-calculous-cholecystitis-in-a-high-risk-surgical-patient
#16
Khalil Aloreidi, Jeremy Berg, Terry Yeager, Muslim Atiq, Bhavesh Patel
Acute cholecystitis (AC) has long been treated with percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) in patients who are poor surgical candidates, but it is associated with high recurrence rate. We report our experience with a hybrid percutaneous-endoscopic technique in an elderly patient with AC who had received a PC. In this technique, a pediatric endoscope was introduced through the PC opening to the gallbladder, and the stones were visualized, fragmented, and extracted using a retrieval basket. The patient's AC resolved, and within 2 weeks the PC tube was removed...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761651/type-2-diabetes-patient-s-perspective-on-ramadan-fasting-a-qualitative-study
#17
Jun Yang Lee, Chee Piau Wong, Christina San San Tan, Nazrila Hairizan Nasir, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the beliefs, experience and diabetes management strategies of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) Muslim patients that chose to fast during Ramadan. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A semistructured focus group interview was conducted with 53 participants with T2DM. Participants were purposefully sampled and asked to share their perspective on Ramadan fasting. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed thematically. RESULTS: Participants reported optimism towards fasting during Ramadan, as they believed that fasting was beneficial to their overall well-being, and a time for family bonding...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760245/hymenoplasty-and-muslim-patients-islamic-ethico-legal-perspectives
#18
Mohammad H Bawany, Aasim I Padela
BACKGROUND: Hymenoplasty, commonly called "revirginization," is a controversial procedure that pushes the scope of medical practice to satisfy cultural and/or religious "needs." AIM: To outline the sociocultural contexts underlying patient requests for hymenoplasty and present Islamic juridical views on the moral status of hymenoplasty for Muslim patients. METHODS: Narrative review of the extant bioethics literature and leading Islamic ethico-legal verdicts...
August 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753875/islam-and-the-urinary-stoma-a-contemporary-theological-and-urological-dilemma
#19
Saiful Miah, Altaf Mangera, Nadir I Osman, Suresh Venugopal, James Catto, Derek Rosario
BACKGROUND: The prayer ritual is an essential component of Islam that requires entry into a state of physical purity (wudhu) through ablution, which is invalidated by voiding. An important dilemma for patients and surgeons may arise when a Muslim patient is counselled on cystectomy because of the belief by some that an incontinent urinary diversion will automatically invalidate their wudhu. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are any religious barriers and implications for Muslim patients undergoing an incontinent urinary diversion...
July 13, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750614/determinants-of-overweight-with-concurrent-stunting-among-ghanaian-children
#20
Benedicta K Atsu, Chris Guure, Amos K Laar
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition (undernutrition and overnutrition) is a major public health problem in Ghana -affecting growth and development of individuals and the nation. Stunting and overweight are of particular interest, as recent national surveys show a rising trend of overnutrition and stubbornly high burden of stunting among Ghanaian children. There are currently no data on the simultaneous occurrence of overweight and stunting within individuals in Ghana. This paper presents the burden, the individual-level, and contextual determinants of overweight with concurrent stunting among Ghanaian children...
July 27, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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