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Sima Barmania, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: Globally, one of the key groups considered to be at high risk of acquiring HIV are transgender women, often a marginalised group. In the Malaysian context there has been a scarcity of published research relating to transgender women, a sensitive issue in a Muslim majority country, where Islam plays an influential role in society. Furthermore, there has been a paucity of research relating to how such issues relate to HIV prevention in transgender women in Malaysia. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore the attitudes of stakeholders involved in HIV prevention policy in Malaysia towards transgender women, given the Islamic context...
October 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
Chaïma Ahaddour, Stef Van den Branden, Bert Broeckaert
The technological advances in medicine, including prolongation of life, have constituted several dilemmas at the end of life. In the context of the Belgian debates on end-of-life care, the views of Muslim women remain understudied. The aim of this article is fourfold. First, we seek to describe the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments. Second, we aim to identify whether differences are observable among middle-aged and elderly women's attitudes toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments...
October 17, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Chencheng Xie, Khalil Aloreidi, Bhavesh Patel, Timothy Ridgway, Thavam Thambi-Pillai, Gary Timmerman, Adeel Khan, Muslim Atiq
Pre-operative evaluation of biliary strictures remains challenging. The dilemma that exists is how to balance the risk of failing to detect malignancy and the potential morbidity caused by unnecessary surgery in patients with benign etiologies. With emerging novel diagnostic modalities, this study aims to assess the efficacy of diagnostic techniques and facilitate a clinical approach to indeterminate biliary strictures. Areas covered: Conventional imaging modalities are crucial in identifying the location of a stricture and are helpful for choosing further diagnostic modalities...
October 16, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Jila Yavarian, Nazanin Zahra Shafiei Jandaghi, Maryam Naseri, Peyman Hemmati, Mohhamadnasr Dadras, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Talat Mokhtari Azad
BACKGROUND: The pilgrimage to Mecca and Karbala bring many Muslims to a confined area. Respiratory tract infections are the most common diseases transmitted during mass gatherings in Hajj, Umrah and Karbala. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the prevalence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and influenza virus infections among Iranian general population and pilgrims with severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) returning from Mecca and Karbala during 2013-2016...
October 11, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Mathieu Guidère
Although the reasons for radicalisation appear diverse, the overwhelming majority of radicalised individuals and announcements claiming responsibility for terrorist attacks make reference to the same cause: western military interventions in Muslim countries. This raises the question of the link between radicalisation and geopolitics and the need to identify the motivations and the pathway between radicalisation and violent actions.
October 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
Miryam Haarlammert, Dina Birman, Ashmeet Oberoi, Wendy Jordana Moore
The purpose of this paper is to write about insights and special considerations for researchers who are, to some degree, "insiders" to the communities they study by expanding on the concept of representational ethics as applied to research in community psychology with diverse and marginalized groups. Representational ethics refers to the ways that researchers, artists, or corporations represent the identities of the people they portray in their communications. As community psychologists we generate and disseminate knowledge about the communities we work with, and in that process, create narratives about the people who participate in our studies...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
Juan F Domínguez D, Félice van Nunspeet, Ayushi Gupta, Robert Eres, Winnifred R Louis, Jean Decety, Pascal Molenberghs
The role of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in moral decision-making is well established. However, OFC activity is highly context dependent. It is affected by the extent to which choices are morally justified and whom they concern. In the current study, we specifically focus on contextual factors and investigate the differential role of the OFC during justified and unjustified violence towards ingroup versus outgroup members. Muslims were chosen as the outgroup, as they are currently stereotypically seen as an outgroup and a potential threat by some Non-Muslims...
October 12, 2017: Social Neuroscience
Amy Unsworth, David Voas
According to poll results and media reports, Britain has a significant and growing number of creationists. However, little scholarly research has been carried out to explore this phenomenon. We present results from a national survey of 6020 individuals to give a comprehensive picture of contemporary public attitudes to evolution in Britain. Furthermore, we explore the effects of religion and education on attitudes to evolution. Unique to this study, we analyse the effects of attending a religiously affiliated school ('faith school') on acceptance of evolutionary theory...
October 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
Stephanie Mauti, Abdallah Traoré, Amadou Sery, Ward Bryssinckx, Jan Hattendorf, Jakob Zinsstag
BACKGROUND: For the planning of an effective dog mass vaccination campaign against rabies in Africa, it is crucial to know more about the dog population. In this paper we describe for the first time the dog ecology, demographic structure and population dynamics of a domestic dog population in Bamako, Mali. In 2010 and 2011, we visited 2956 randomly selected compounds. Questionnaire data was collected on the compound and household level and on each dog individually. Dog-owning households were followed every six months during one (dog-owning households identified in 2011) or two years (dog-owning households identified in 2010) for the successive collection of dog demography data...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Ali Ahmed, Kah Seng Lee, Allah Bukhsh, Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Long Chiau Ming, Tahir Mehmood Khan
The increase in Muslim parents' refusal and hesitancy to accept childhood vaccination was identified as one of the contributing factors in the increase of vaccine-preventable diseases cases in countries such as Afghanistan, Malaysia and Pakistan. The spread of inaccurate and irresponsible information by the anti-vaccination movement may inflict more harm than good on Muslim communities. To curb this issue, health authorities in Pakistan and Malaysia have resorted to imposing strict punishments on parents who refuse to allow their children to be vaccinated...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Müslim Yurtçu, Alaeddin Dilsiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Urology Case Reports
Iffat Elbarazi, Nancy J Devlin, Marina-Selini Katsaiti, Emmanuel A Papadimitropoulos, Koonal K Shah, Iain Blair
OBJECTIVES: Investigate how religion may affect the perception of health states among adults in the United Arab Emirates and the implications for research on self-reported health and quality of life and the use of values in cost-effectiveness analysis. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of short-structured interviews with adult Emiratis carried out by a market research agency.The COREQ criteria have been used where appropriate to guide the reporting of our findings. SETTING: Participants were recruited from shopping malls and other public places in the cities of Al Ain and Abu Dhabi...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
Memoona Tariq, Jawad Syed
Drawing on qualitative interviews with 20 South Asian heritage, Muslim, female leaders, managers, and supervisors in the United Kingdom, we examine the multi-layered issues and challenges they face in pursuit of employment and leadership positions. The paper offers an intersectional perspective taking into account interconnected and overlapping factors (gender, ethnicity, religion, and family status) that affect not only the issues and challenges these women face in the labour market but also the individual agency and strategies they use to overcome any obstacles in the way of their employment and career...
2017: Sex Roles
Rania Awaad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
Muslim Raza, Zahid Khan, Aftab Ahmad, Saleem Raza, Ajab Khan, Imdad Ullah Mohammadzai, Shah Zada
Growing resistance in malarial parasites, particularly in Plasmodium falciparum needs a serious search for the discovery of novel drug targets. Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) is an important target for antimalarial drug discovery process in P. falciparum for the treatment of malaria. In the absence of x-ray crystal structure of this enzyme, homology modeling proved to be a reasonable alternate to study substrate binding mechanisms of this enzyme. In this study, a 3-D homology model for P. falciparum IMPDH was constructed taking human IMPDH (PDB code 1NF7) as template...
September 15, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Mudassir Iqbal Dar, Asim Hassan Dar, Mansoor Ahmed, Abdul Haseeb, Muhammad Bilal
OBJECTIVE: To find out any differences in free flow of internal mammary artery among different ethnic groups. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Civil Hospital, Karachi, from January 2013 to December 2015, and comprised patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The participants were divided into 5 groups, i.e. Sindhi, Muslim migrants from India, Punjabi, Pathan and Balochi patients. Free flow of internal mammary artery was measured immediately after harvesting within a syringe, and its flow was measured in 30 seconds...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Ahmed Hankir, Sajjaad Khalil, Qasim Wadood, Daanyaal Madarbukus, Habibah Arifah Yunus, Saleena Bibi, Frederick R Carrick, Rashid Zaman
BACKGROUND: 1 in 4 people experience mental health problems at some point during their lives and Muslims are no exception. Exacerbating the morbidity and mortality associated with mental health problems in Muslims is Islamophobia. Stigma and shame are major barriers to accessing and using mental health services and many Muslims with mental health problems do not receive the treatment they need. The Federation of Student Islamic Societies (FOSIS) United Kingdom branch organized a mental health conference to challenge the stigma attached to psychological problems in Muslims and to encourage care seeking in this group...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Ahmed Hankir, Hannah Pendegast, Frederick R Carrick, Rashid Zaman
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common in Muslim communities however due to fear of exposure to stigmatization many people in this group continue to suffer in silence despite the availability of effective treatment. The Federation of Student Islamic Societies (FOSIS) organized the first ever Muslim mental health conference in Ireland to challenge the stigma attached to mental health problems in Muslims and to encourage care seeking in this group. As far as the authors are aware there are no intervention studies on mental health stigma in Muslim communities reported in the literature...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Ahmed Hankir, Frederick R Carrick, Rashid Zaman, Jamie Hacker Hughes
BACKGROUND: On the 22(nd) May 2017, suicide bomber Salman Abedi detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) in the Manchester Arena killing 22 people and injuring 116 others. Following the 'massacre in Manchester', the leader of the Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, linked UK foreign policy with terrorism on British soil. Controversial and contentious though Corbyn's claims may be, the terrorists themselves have also reported that what motivates them to carry out their abominable atrocities are British military operations in Muslim majority countries...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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