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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457482/dark-and-bright-two-sides-of-family-centered-care-in-the-nicu-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jila Mirlashari, Sousan Valizadeh, Elham Navab, Jenene W Craig, Fatemeh Ghorbani
Nurses in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) have an important role in implementing family-centered care (FCC). The aim of the study was to explore the lived experiences of NICU nurses on implementing FCC. An interpretative phenomenological study was conducted and 11 employed nurses were interviewed from April 2015 to February 2016. The data were analyzed through the Diekelmann, Allen, and Tanner approach. Four main themes of "strain to achieve stability," "bewildered by taking multiple roles," "accepting the family," and "reaching bright horizon" were extracted...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456274/maintaining-disorder-the-micropolitics-of-drugs-policy-in-iran
#2
Maziyar Ghiabi
This article analyses the ways in which the state 'treats' addiction among precarious drug (ab)users in Iran. While most Muslim-majority as well as some Western states have been reluctant to adopt harm reduction measures, the Islamic Republic of Iran has done so on a nationwide scale and through a sophisticated system of welfare intervention. Additionally, it has introduced devices of management of 'addiction' (the 'camps') that defy statist modes of punishment and private violence. What legal and ethical framework has this new situation engendered? And what does this new situation tell us about the governmentality of the state? Through a combination of historical analysis and ethnographic fieldwork, the article analyses the paradigm of government of the Iranian state with regard to disorder as embodied by the lives of poor drug (ab)users...
2018: Third World Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450638/religious-coping-and-death-depression-in-iranian-patients-with-cancer-relationships-to-disease-stage
#3
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Rebecca H Lehto, Hamid Sharif Nia, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Bahram Tahmasbi, Roghieh Nazari
PURPOSE: The study investigated relationships among the extent of disease, religious coping, and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 482 Iranian cancer patients. Participants completed demographic and health, death depression, and religious coping surveys. RESULTS: After controlling for demographic and health characteristics, positive and negative religious coping behaviors were significantly related to the experience of death depression...
February 15, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446538/islamophobia-in-canada-measuring-the-realities-of-negative-attitudes-toward-muslims-and-religious-discrimination
#4
Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme
There has been growing discussion surrounding the phenomenon of Islamophobia in Western societies over the last few years. However, in-depth empirical research of the prevalence and patterns of prejudice toward Muslims remains scarce, especially in the Canadian context. With data from the 2011 Canadian Election Study and the 2014 General Social Survey, this study measures the extent to which negative feelings toward Muslims are present among the general adult population, and the extent to which Muslim Canadians themselves say they have experienced discrimination in recent years due to their religion, ethnicity, and culture...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446214/new-developments-in-india-concerning-the-policy-of-passive-euthanasia
#5
Scaria Kanniyakonil
Euthanasia and assisted dying are illegal in India according to Sections 306 and 309 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), and Article 21 of the Constitution of India. There have been a number of cases where the Indian High Courts and Indian Supreme Court issued differing verdicts concerning the right to life and the right to die. Nevertheless, on 7 March 2011, a paradigm shift happened as a result of the Indian Supreme Court's judgment on involuntary passive euthanasia in the case of Aruna Shanbaug. In its judgment, the Supreme Court requested the government to prepare a law on euthanasia...
February 15, 2018: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441815/the-secret-drama-at-the-patient-s-bedside-refusal-of-treatment-because-of-the-practitioner-s-ethnic-identity-the-medical-staff-s-point-of-view
#6
Ariela Popper-Giveon, Yael Keshet
Patients' refusal of treatment based on the practitioner's ethnic identity reveals a clash of values: neutrality in medicine versus patient-centered care. Taking the Israeli-Palestinian conflict into account, this article aims at examining Israeli health care professionals' points of view concerning patients' refusal of treatment because of a practitioner's ethnic identity. Fifty in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 managers and 40 health care professionals, Jewish and Arab, employed at 11 public hospitals...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439791/-the-representation-of-the-body-in-islam
#7
Sadek Beloucif
Science and Islamic culture incorporate the sacred and the profane. For a Muslim, science must be useful for humanity, and scientists must take responsibility, commensurate with their knowledge, for the potential consequences of their research. In this context, questions relating to the body in Islam take into account the Quran, hadiths and elements of established precedents.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433369/postpartum-thromboprophylaxis-in-a-multireligious-cohort-a-retrospective-review-of-indications-and-uptake
#8
Hian Yan Voon, Ming Cheng Chai, Ling Yien Hii, Rafaie Amin, Haris Njoo Suharjono
Strategies to prevent mortality from obstetric venous thromboembolism begin with identification, risk stratification and subsequently, implementation of prophylactic measures. We sought to identify the burden of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis in postpartum women, including the main clinical indications and its uptake in a multireligious population, with Islam as the official religion. A total of 2514 deliveries between 1st January to 31st December 2016, across three centres in Malaysia were reviewed retrospectively from hospital-based registries...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424278/culture-as-a-double-edged-sword-the-posttraumatic-experience-of-indigenous-ethnic-minority-veterans
#9
Shai Shorer, Hadass Goldblatt, Yael Caspi, Faisal Azaiza
The applicability of Western concepts regarding the treatment of trauma in soldiers from indigenous ethnic minority backgrounds has scarcely been researched. This study explored the subjective meaning of living with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among indigenous Bedouin veterans of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), who are of Arab ethnicity and Muslim faith. In-depth, semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 10 Bedouin veterans suffering from PTSD and three Bedouin mental health clinicians working with this population...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423218/women-decision-making-capacity-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Abdul-Aziz Seidu
Background: Violence against women is a common form of human rights violation, and intimate partner violence (IPV) appears to be the most significant component of violence. The aim of this study was to examine the association between women decision-making capacity and IPV among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study also looked at how socio-demographic factors also influence IPV among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: The study made use of pooled data from most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted from January 1, 2010, and December 3, 2016, in 18 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423177/immunization-practices-in-low-birth-weight-infants-from-rural-haryana-india-findings-from-secondary-data-analysis
#11
Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Ranadip Chowdhury, Sarmila Mazumder, Sunita Taneja, Bireshwar Sinha, Jose Martines, Rajiv Bahl, Nita Bhandari, Maharaj Kishan Bhan
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) infants constitute a vulnerable subset of infants with impaired immunity in early life. In India, there is scarcity of studies that focus on immunization practices in such infants. This analysis aimed to examine immunization practices in LBW infants with the intention to identify areas requiring intervention. Methods: Data on immunization status of LBW infants enrolled in an individually randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial of neonatal vitamin A supplementation were analysed...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422150/traditional-practices-for-maternal-and-newborn-care-among-turkish-postpartum-women
#12
Simge Zeyneloğlu, Sezer Kısa
AIM: Researchers used descriptive study design to examine the traditional practices of women in relation to maternal and newborn care in the postpartum period. METHODS: 523 postpartum women included who were between 15 and 49years of age, had at least one child, and had no medical complications that affect the mother-infant health. A questionnaire was used to collect data. Comparisons were made between the responses about the women's knowledge of traditional practices and other variables...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417854/coming-of-age-in-a-conflict-area-mental-health-education-employment-migration-and-family-formation-in-the-southernmost-provinces-of-thailand
#13
Kathleen Ford, Aree Jampaklay, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
OBJECTIVES: Three southern provinces of Thailand - Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat - have been involved in a long period of unrest. Young people in these provinces have lived with this violence for many years. The objectives of this article are to assess the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms of young adults aged 18-24 years and to examine the perceived effects of the conflict on education, employment, social and religious life. METHODS: Data were drawn from a probability sample of 2,053 Muslim adults aged 18-59 years conducted in 2014...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417395/islamic-considerations-on-the-application-of-patient-s-autonomy-in-end-of-life-decision
#14
Mohammad Mustaqim Malek, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman, Mohd Shahnaz Hasan, Luqman Haji Abdullah
In end-of-life situation, the need for patient's preference comes into the picture with the intention of guiding physicians in the direction of patient care. Preference in medical directive is made by a person with full mental capacity outlining what actions should be taken for his health should he loses his competency. This is based on the reality of universal paradigm in medical practice that emphasises patient's autonomy. A specific directive is produced according to a patient's wish that might include some ethically and religiously controversial directives such as mercy killing, physician-assisted suicide, forgoing life-supporting treatments and do-not-resuscitate...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416207/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-second-part
#15
Izet Masic
After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of our homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Significant role in the transfer of Arabic pharmaceutical knowledge was also attributed to the Sephardic Jews who, with their arrival, continued to perform their attar activities, which were largely based on Arab achievements...
December 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409552/dying-for-the-group-towards-a-general-theory-of-extreme-self-sacrifice
#16
Harvey Whitehouse
Whether upheld as heroic or reviled as terrorism, throughout history people have been willing to lay down their lives for the sake of their groups. Why? Previous theories of extreme self-sacrifice have highlighted a range of seemingly disparate factors such as collective identity, outgroup hostility, and kin psychology. This paper attempts to integrate many of these factors into a single overarching theory based on several decades of collaborative research with a range of special populations, from tribes in Papua New Guinea to Libyan insurgents, and from Muslim fundamentalists in Indonesia to Brazilian football hooligans...
February 7, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404267/the-islamic-tradition-and-health-inequities-a-preliminary-conceptual-model-based-on-a-systematic-literature-review-of-muslim-health-care-disparities
#17
Aasim I Padela, Danish Zaidi
Objective: The objective of this study was to identify mechanisms by which Islamic beliefs, values, and Muslim identity might contribute to health inequities among Muslim populations. Methods: A systematic literature review of empirical studies in Medline from 1980 to 2009 was conducted. The search strategy used three terms covering health-care disparities, ethnicity, and location to uncover relevant papers. Results: A total of 171 articles were relevant based on titles and abstracts...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402110/addressing-the-cultural-spiritual-and-religious-perspectives-of-palliative-care
#18
Hodan Nalayeh
Healthcare services are often out of sync with cultural, spiritual and religious perspectives on health, death, and grieving. This dissonance affects attitudes and behaviours in seeking and utilizing end-of-life health services and can lead to poor clinical communication, misunderstanding, and anxiety as patients, families and health providers interact during a serious illness. To address a gap in cultural-specific information Canadian Virtual Hospice launched LivingMyCulture.ca-an evidence-informed collection of videos of immigrants, refugees, and Indigenous people sharing their stories about the intersection of culture, spirituality, and religion with their experiences of advanced illness, palliative care, and grief...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397381/investigation-of-the-prevalence-and-causes-and-of-legal-abortion-of-teenage-married-mothers-in-iran
#19
Fatemeh Ghodrati, Narges Saadatmand, Saeid Gholamzadeh, Marzieh Akbarzadeh
Background The therapeutic abortion law, in accordance with the fatwa issued by our Muslim jurisprudent approved by the parliament in 2005, has made major developments in dealing with cases of therapeutic abortions. Objective This study aimed at identifying the prevalence and causes of therapeutic abortion requests to the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province, Shiraz, by pregnant teenager mothers. Methods This study was a retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive survey. In this study, all documents related to therapeutic abortion requests from the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province (southern Iran) from 2006 to 2013 were investigated...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395272/status-and-drivers-of-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-in-the-islamic-world-a-comparative-analysis
#20
Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Nour Bakhache, Maaz Mirza, Seema Mehta, Sara Al-Gashm, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) period saw dramatic gains in health goals MDG 4 and MDG 5 for improving child and maternal health. However, many Muslim countries in the south Asian, Middle Eastern, and African regions lagged behind. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the status of, progress in, and key determinants of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in Muslim majority countries (MMCs). The specific objectives were to understand the current status and progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in MMCs, and the determinants of child survival among the least developed countries among the MMCs; to explore differences in outcomes and the key contextual determinants of health between MMCs and non-MMCs; and to understand the health service coverage and contextual determinants that differ between best and poor or moderate performing MMCs...
January 30, 2018: Lancet
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