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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219166/muslim-gay-men-identity-conflict-and-politics-in-a-muslim-majority-nation
#1
Nassim Hamdi, Monia Lachheb, Eric Anderson
While a number of investigations have examined how gay Muslim men view homosexuality in relation to religious Western homophobia, this research constitutes the first account of the experiences of self-identified gay men living in an African, Muslim nation, where same-sex sex is both illegal and actively persecuted. We interviewed 28 gay men living in Tunisia in order to understand how they assimilate their sexual, religious and ethnic identities within a highly homophobic culture. Utilizing notions of homoerasure and homohysteria (McCormack and Eric Anderson ,b), and examining the intersection of identity conflict and new social movement theory, we highlight four strategies that participants use to negotiate the dissonance of living with conflicting identities in a context of religious homophobia: (1) privileging their Islamic identities and rejecting homosexuality as a legitimate sexual identity; (2) rejecting Islam and accepting homosexuality as a legitimate sexual identity; (3) interpreting Islam to be supportive of homosexuality; and (4) creating a non-penetrative homosexuality to be compatible with literal Qur'anic interpretations...
December 8, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214830/religiosity-the-practices-of-religions-and-the-perception-of-older-people-among-muslims-and-buddhists-in-thailand
#2
Sumana Leelavanichkul, Aphichat Chamratrithirong, Aree Jampaklay, Rossarin Gray
We examined the effects of religiosity and the practices of religions among the Buddhists and Muslims aged 20 to 79 in Thailand on maintaining positive attitudes toward older people. Factor and multiple regression analyses are applied, using data from the 2011 National Survey on Conditions of Society and Culture. The measures of perception of older people are Social Value and Personal Value. Religiosity is measured by the self-assessment of religious strictness and one's own practices according to the religious principles...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211008/sociodemographic-factors-on-contraceptive-use-among-ever-married-women-of-reproductive-age-evidence-from-three-demographic-and-health-surveys-in-bangladesh
#3
Iqramul Haq, Saifullah Sakib, Ashis Talukder
Contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age has showed a substantial progress over the last few decades in Bangladesh. This study explores the sociodemographic factors associated with contraceptive use among ever-married women of reproductive age in Bangladesh by utilizing the information extracted from three of the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHSs) in 1993-1994, 2004 and 2014. Bivariate analysis was conducted by performing chi-squared test of independence to explore the relationship between selected sociodemographic factors and dependent variables...
December 6, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209667/narcolepsy-in-saudi-patients-before-and-after-the-2009-h1n1-vaccination-the-experience-of-2-referral-centers
#4
Shaden Q Qasrawi, Ali M Albarrak, Adel S Alharbi, Samar Nashwan, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Muslim M Alsaadi, Ahmed S BaHammam
To assess the number of Saudi patients diagnosed with narcolepsy in 2 tertiary centers before and after the introduction of the 2009 A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccine.  Methods: We started collecting data after the first international report of an association between the A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccine and narcolepsy between January 2010 and December 2016. All patients diagnosed with narcolepsy after 2009 were included and data were collected for 7 years to account for any possible delays in the diagnosis of narcolepsy.  Results: One-hundred and seventy-three patients with narcolepsy were identified...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198194/the-effects-of-diurnal-ramadan-fasting-on-energy-expenditure-and-substrate-oxidation-in-healthy-men
#5
Sana'a A Alsubheen, Mohammad Ismail, Alicia Baker, Jason Blair, Adeboye Adebayo, Liam Kelly, Vikram Chandurkar, Sukhinder Cheema, Denis R Joanisse, Fabien A Basset
The study aimed to examine the effects of diurnal Ramadan fasting (RF) on substrate oxidation, energy production, blood lipids and glucose as well as body composition. Nine healthy Muslim men (fasting (FAST) group) and eight healthy non-practicing men (control (CNT) group) were assessed pre- and post-RF. FAST were additionally assessed at days 10, 20 and 30 of RF in the morning and evening. Body composition was determined by hydrodensitometry, substrate oxidation and energy production by indirect calorimetry, blood metabolic profile by biochemical analyses and energy balance by activity tracker recordings and food log analyses...
December 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195635/impact-of-men-s-perception-on-family-planning-demand-and-uptake-in-nigeria
#6
Abiodun Idowu Adanikin, Nuala McGrath, Sabu S Padmadas
OBJECTIVE: Evidence from the last three Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in Nigeria shows slow progress in family planning (FP) uptake, despite programmatic interventions. While socioeconomic and religious barriers continue to exist, psychosocial factors such as negative contraceptive perceptions by male partners may influence both spousal FP demand and use. Therefore, this research investigates the influence of male partners' contraceptive perceptions on spousal FP demand and use...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190779/manifold-absolute-pressure-estimation-using-neural-network-with-hybrid-training-algorithm
#7
Mohd Taufiq Muslim, Hazlina Selamat, Ahmad Jais Alimin, Mohamad Fadzli Haniff
In a modern small gasoline engine fuel injection system, the load of the engine is estimated based on the measurement of the manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor, which took place in the intake manifold. This paper present a more economical approach on estimating the MAP by using only the measurements of the throttle position and engine speed, resulting in lower implementation cost. The estimation was done via two-stage multilayer feed-forward neural network by combining Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) algorithm, Bayesian Regularization (BR) algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183369/improving-tuberculosis-case-detection-in-underdeveloped-multi-ethnic-regions-with-high-disease-burden-a-case-study-of-integrated-control-program-in-china
#8
Jun Li, Xiao-Qiu Liu, Shi-Wen Jiang, Xue Li, Fei Yu, Yan Wang, Yong Peng, Xiao-Ming Gu, Yan-Ni Sun, Hui Zhang, Li-Xia Wang
BACKGROUND: In the underdeveloped multi-ethnic regions of China, high tuberculosis (TB) burden and regional inequity in access to healthcare service increase the challenge of achieving the End TB goals. Among all the provinces, the highest TB burden is reported in Xinjiang, where ethnic minorities and older people have suffered most. However, current case-finding strategy is inadequate given the complex social determinants and suboptimal case detection rates. Thus, we developed an integrated TB control program to improve case detection and conducted a pilot in Xinjiang from 2014 to 2015...
November 29, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175788/abrogation-of-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-sprague-dawley-rats-by-ajwa-date-fruit-extract-through-ameliorating-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis
#9
Bakheet Elsadek, El-Sayed El-Sayed, Ahmed Mansour, Ayman Elazab
Ajwa, a variety of date palme Phoenix dactylifera L., has long been used and considered as one of the most popular fruits in the North Africa and Middle East region. For Muslims this fruit is of religious importance and is mentioned several times in Quran. Besides being a part of the Arabian essential diet, dates have been used traditionally for number of complications. This study aimed to evaluate the possible potential of Ajwa date extract to guard against carbon tetrachloride (CCL4)-induced liver damage in rats...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173010/spiritual-well-being-depression-and-stress-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-jordan
#10
Ahmad S Musa, David J Pevalin, Murad A A Al Khalaileh
PURPOSE: The spiritual dimension of a patient's life is an important factor that may mediate detrimental impacts on mental health. The lack of research investigating spiritual well-being, religiosity, and mental health among Jordanian hemodialysis patients encouraged this research. This study explored levels of spiritual well-being and its associations with depression, anxiety, and stress. DESIGN: A quantitative, cross-sectional correlational study. METHOD: A sample of 218 Jordanian Muslim hemodialysis patients completed a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172556/bullying-and-minorities-in-secondary-school-students-in-thrace-greece
#11
Aspasia Serdari, Alexandra Gkouliama, Gregory Tripsianis, Hariklia Proios, Maria Samakouri
The aim of the present study is to examine probable heterogeneity in aggressive behaviors and peer victimization among ethnically diverse secondary schools in Thrace. It is a culturally diverse region in Northeastern Greece, which includes Greek Christians and a significant minority of Muslims and immigrants. The study population consisted of 572 school students (293 girls, 279 boys, Mage = 14.24), who completed the Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire for Students-Senior and the Youth Self-Report. The percentage of students involved in bullying was 34...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171569/hiv-1-in-pakistan-where-we-stand-where-we-will-go
#12
Sheraz Khan, Wasim Abbas
Adherence to Islamic beliefs and being home to more than 190 million Muslims made many to believe that Pakistan was protected from human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). More than 30 years of HIV-1 epidemic, the reality is totally different now. HIV/AIDS is not only becoming a major health concern of Pakistan, but also in several other Muslim-majority countries like Malaysia, Iran and Indonesia having prevalence rates of 0·4%, 0·2% and 0·3%, respectively. While in most parts of the world, HIV-1 infections have decreased or stabilised...
November 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167666/first-year-of-israeli-newborn-screening-for-severe-combined-immunodeficiency-clinical-achievements-and-insights
#13
Erez Rechavi, Atar Lev, Amos J Simon, Tali Stauber, Suha Daas, Talia Saraf-Levy, Arnon Broides, Amit Nahum, Nufar Marcus, Suhair Hanna, Polina Stepensky, Ori Toker, Ilan Dalal, Amos Etzioni, Shlomo Almashanu, Raz Somech
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), the most severe form of T cell immunodeficiency, is detectable through quantification of T cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) in dried blood spots obtained at birth. Herein, we describe the results of the first year of the Israeli SCID newborn screening (NBS) program. This important, life-saving screening test is available at no cost for every newborn in Israel. Eight SCID patients were diagnosed through the NBS program in its first year, revealing an incidence of 1:22,500 births in the Israeli population...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160195/political-boundary-versus-social-context-dynamics-of-socioeconomic-differentials-in-fertility-in-indian-states
#14
Dharma Arunachalam, Kannan Navaneetham, Walter Forrest
Using data from India's first (1992-93) and third (2005-06) National Family Health Surveys (NFHS-I and NFHS-III) this study examined the fertility differentials between major social groups and the extent to which these varied between states and over time. The analysis was based on a sample of 54,030 and 55,369 currently married women aged 15-34 in the NFHS-I and NFHS-III respectively. Reported parity and desired family size were used to assess variations in fertility behaviour. The results show that interstate variation in childbearing patterns within social groups was at least as high as, if not higher than, variation between states (net of other influences) in both periods, 1992-93 and 2005-06...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157117/honor-and-harmed-social-image-muslims-anger-and-shame-about-the-cartoon-controversy
#15
Patricia M Rodriguez Mosquera
Two studies examined anger and shame, and their associated appraisals and behavioral intentions, in response to harm to an in-group's social-image. In Study 1, 37 British Muslims (18 men, 19 women) reported incidents in which they were devalued as Muslims. In Study 2, 108 British Muslims (57 females, 50 males, 1 undisclosed) were presented with objective evidence of their in-group's devaluation: the controversial cartoons about Prophet Muhammad The appraisal of harm to social-image predicted anger and shame (Studies 1 and 2), whereas the appraisal of offense only predicted anger (Study 2)...
November 20, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155855/iron-status-and-anaemia-in-sri-lankan-secondary-school-children-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Angela Allen, Stephen Allen, Rexan Rodrigo, Lakshman Perera, Wei Shao, Chao Li, Duolao Wang, Nancy Olivieri, David J Weatherall, Anuja Premawardhena
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency, the most common micronutrient disorder and cause of anaemia globally, impairs growth, cognition, behaviour and resistance to infection. METHODS/RESULTS: As part of a national survey of inherited haemoglobin variants in 7526 students from 72 secondary schools purposefully selected from the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, we studied 5912 students with a normal haemoglobin genotype. Median age was 16.0 (IQR 15.0-17.0) years and 3189 (53.9%) students were males...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151201/administrative-stressors-and-islamic-coping-strategies-among-muslim-primary-principals-in-malaysia-a-mixed-method-study
#17
Lokman Mohd Tahir, Aqeel Khan, Mohammed Borhandden Musah, Roslee Ahmad, Khadijah Daud, Shafeeq Hussain Vazhathodi Al-Hudawi, Aede Hatib Musta'Amal, Rohaya Talib
Principals are school leaders who experienced stress while leading their schools towards excellence. However, principals stress experiences are always ignored and least studied. This mixed-methods study investigates primary principals' stress experiences and their Islamic coping strategies used in incapacitating the stress experiences. A total of 216 Muslim primary principals across different gender, types of schools and years of experiences as school leaders responded to the administrative stress and the Islamic coping strategies items...
November 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149859/medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#18
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145519/stigmatizing-attitudes-toward-people-living-with-hiv-among-general-adult-thai-population-results-from-the-5th-thai-national-health-examination-survey-nhes
#19
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Jiraluck Nontarak, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Pattapong Kessomboon, Panwadee Putwatana, Surasak Taneepanichskul, Wichai Aekplakorn
BACKGROUND: HIV-related stigma and discrimination is a significant driver of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS encourages all nations to monitor progress toward elimination of this problem. This study measured the level of stigmatizing attitudes toward people living with HIV (PLHIV) among Thai adults in the general population using recommended global tools. METHODS: Data from the 5th National Health Examination Survey, conducted in 2014 were used. The survey utilized six questions recommended by the Global Stigma and Discrimination Indicator Working Group and was administered to participants aged 20-59 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143624/randomized-controlled-pilot-of-a-group-antenatal-care-model-and-the-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-pregnancy-related-empowerment-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
Crystal L Patil, Carrie S Klima, Sebalda C Leshabari, Alana D Steffen, Heather Pauls, Molly McGown, Kathleen F Norr
BACKGROUND: The links between empowerment and a number of health-related outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa have been documented, but empowerment related to pregnancy is under-investigated. Antenatal care (ANC) is the entry point into the healthcare system for most women, so it is important to understand how ANC affects aspects of women's sense of control over their pregnancy. We compare pregnancy-related empowerment for women randomly assigned to the standard of care versus CenteringPregnancy-based group ANC (intervention) in two sub-Saharan countries, Malawi and Tanzania...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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