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research topics on mental health problems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618334/the-frail-older-person-does-not-exist-development-of-frailty-profiles-with-latent-class-analysis
#1
W M Looman, I N Fabbricotti, J W Blom, A P D Jansen, J E Lutomski, S F Metzelthin, R Huijsman
BACKGROUND: A fundamental issue in elderly care is targeting those older people at risk and in need of care interventions. Frailty is widely used to capture variations in health risks but there is no general consensus on the conceptualization of frailty. Indeed, there is considerable heterogeneity in the group of older people characterized as frail. This research identifies frailty profiles based on the physical, psychological, social and cognitive domains of functioning and the severity of the problems within these domains...
April 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563645/the-use-of-social-media-to-combat-research-isolation
#2
M A Reeve, M Partridge
Research-isolation is a common problem affecting many researchers who are disconnected from their research communities. It can be caused by a number of factors, including physical isolation, unfamiliar research topics, diversity, and the nature of the supervisory relationship. All of these aspects can have an impact on both work and the mental health of researchers. Increasingly, researchers are turning to social media for support, by both looking for communities and for increasing the impact of their work...
September 2017: Annals of the Entomological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507832/depressive-symptoms-and-web-user-experience
#3
Meinald T Thielsch, Carolin Thielsch
Background: Depression, as one of the most prevalent mental disorders, is expected to become a leading cause of disability. While evidence-based treatments are not always easily accessible, Internet-based information and self-help appears as a promising approach to improve the strained supply situation by avoiding barriers of traditional offline treatment. User experience in the domain of mental problems therefore emerges as an important research topic. The aim of our study is to investigate the impact of depressive symptoms on subjective and objective measures of web user experience...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456286/examining-thematic-similarity-difference-and-membership-in-three-online-mental-health-communities-from-reddit-a-text-mining-and-visualization-approach
#4
Albert Park, Mike Conway, Annie T Chen
Objectives: Social media, including online health communities, have become popular platforms for individuals to discuss health challenges and exchange social support with others. These platforms can provide support for individuals who are concerned about social stigma and discrimination associated with their illness. Although mental health conditions can share similar symptoms and even co-occur, the extent to which discussion topics in online mental health communities are similar, different, or overlapping is unknown...
January 2018: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420556/interactions-between-youth-and-mental-health-professionals-the-youth-aware-of-mental-health-yam-program-experience
#5
Camilla Wasserman, Vita Postuvan, Dana Herta, Miriam Iosue, Peeter Värnik, Vladimir Carli
THE YOUTH AWARE OF MENTAL HEALTH (YAM) EXPERIENCE: Youth stand at the core of much mental health promotion, yet little is written about their experiences of such efforts. We aimed to take this on by interviewing youth after they participated in Youth Aware of Mental Health (YAM), a universal mental health promotion program. YAM has a non-anticipatory methodology that provides youth with a safe space for reflection, role-play, and discussion. Addressing everyday mental health, YAM invites the experiences and issues relevant to the youth present to influence the program in a slightly different direction every time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412013/moral-incongruence-and-pornography-use-a-critical-review-and-integration
#6
Joshua B Grubbs, Samuel L Perry
Internet pornography use (IPU) remains a controversial topic within sexual behavior research fields. Whereas some people report feeling dysregulated in their use of pornography, mental health and medical communities are divided as to whether IPU can be addictive. The present review sought to examine this issue more closely, with a focus on how variables other than pornography use, such as moral disapproval and moral incongruence (i.e., feeling as if one's behaviors and one's values about those behaviors are misaligned), might specifically contribute to self-perceived problems around pornography use...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345477/an-exploratory-study-of-stress-and-coping-among-black-college-men
#7
Janelle R Goodwill, Daphne C Watkins, Natasha C Johnson, Julie Ober Allen
Research on coping mechanisms among Black Americans is robust, yet there is a dearth of studies that use qualitative approaches to examine coping specifically among young Black men. The current and historical landscape of race relations in the United States calls for additional concern and exploration of this topic. To fill gaps in this area, this study uncovered the ways Black college men cope with various stressors that impact their mental health. Eleven qualitative interviews were conducted with 18- to 25-year-old Black men enrolled at a college in the Midwest who participated in the Young Black Men, Masculinities, and Mental Health (YBMen) project...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345416/a-qualitative-study-experiences-of-stigma-by-people-with-mental-health-problems
#8
Charlotte Huggett, Michèle D Birtel, Yvonne F Awenat, Paul Fleming, Sophie Wilkes, Shirley Williams, Gillian Haddock
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has examined various components involved in the impact of public and internalized stigma on people with mental health problems. However, studies have not previously investigated the subjective experiences of mental health stigma by those affected in a non-statutory treatment-seeking population. DESIGN: An in-depth qualitative study was conducted using thematic analysis to investigate the experiences of stigma in people with mental health problems...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331973/family-focused-practices-in-addictions-a-scoping-review-protocol
#9
Toula Kourgiantakis, Rachelle Ashcroft
INTRODUCTION: Families are significantly impacted by addictions and family involvement in treatment can reduce the harms and can also improve treatment entry, treatment completion and treatment outcomes for the individual coping with an addiction. Although the benefits of family-focused practices in addictions have been documented, services continue to have an individual focus and research on this topic is also limited. The objective of this study is to map the extent, range and nature of evidence available examining family interventions in addictions and identify gaps to guide future research, policy and practice...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164787/factors-related-to-duration-of-untreated-psychosis-of-first-episode-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#10
Yong Qiu, Leijun Li, Zhaoyu Gan, Jihui Wang, Liangrong Zheng, Jiaoshi Zhao, Nianhong Guan, Qinling Wei
AIM: Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is associated with outcome and functioning. It is expected that scientists will find factors that modulate DUP, but thus far, research on this topic has shown inconsistent results. Furthermore, similar studies in China are insufficient. This study aims to explore social and clinical factors for DUP in South China and to learn the influence that family plays on DUP through their awareness of psychosis. METHODS: Participants included 216 patients with first episode schizophrenia spectrum disorder...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108841/a-conceptual-framework-for-understanding-unintended-prolonged-opioid-use
#11
W Michael Hooten, Chad M Brummett, Mark D Sullivan, Jenna Goesling, Jon C Tilburt, Jessica S Merlin, Jennifer L St Sauver, Ajay D Wasan, Daniel J Clauw, David O Warner
An urgent need exists to better understand the transition from short-term opioid use to unintended prolonged opioid use (UPOU). The purpose of this work is to propose a conceptual framework for understanding UPOU that posits the influence of 3 principal domains that include the characteristics of (1) individual patients, (2) the practice environment, and (3) opioid prescribers. Although no standardized method exists for developing a conceptual framework, the process often involves identifying corroborative evidence, leveraging expert opinion to identify factors for inclusion in the framework, and developing a graphic depiction of the relationships between the various factors and the clinical problem of interest...
December 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108439/research-into-australian-emergency-services-personnel-mental-health-and-wellbeing-an-evidence-map
#12
Tracey Varker, Olivia Metcalf, David Forbes, Katherine Chisolm, Sam Harvey, Miranda Van Hooff, Alexander McFarlane, Richard Bryant, Andrea J Phelps
BACKGROUND: Evidence maps are a method of systematically characterising the range of research activity in broad topic areas and are a tool for guiding research priorities. AIMS: 'Evidence-mapping' methodology was used to quantify the nature and distribution of recent peer-reviewed research into the mental health and wellbeing of Australian emergency services personnel. METHODS: A search of the PsycINFO, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases was performed for primary research articles that were published between January 2011 and July 2016...
February 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092809/use-of-the-internet-and-mobile-phones-for-self-management-of-severe-mental-health-problems-qualitative-study-of-staff-views
#13
Natalie Berry, Sandra Bucci, Fiona Lobban
BACKGROUND: Researchers are currently investigating the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of digital health interventions for people who experience severe mental health problems such as psychosis and bipolar disorder. Although the acceptability of digital health interventions for severe mental health problems appears to be relatively high and some people report successfully using the Internet and mobile phones to manage their mental health, the attitudes of mental health care staff toward such approaches have yet to be considered...
November 1, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973222/health-literacy-of-commercial-industry-managers-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-in-germany
#14
Silja Fiedler, Timo-Kolja Pförtner, Anika Nitzsche, Lorna McKee, Holger Pfaff
Managers have been neglected in health literacy research. There still is little known about the health-literacy status and needs of commercial industry managers. This article reduces the existing knowledge gap by presenting findings of an exploratory qualitative study. We conducted 23 separate semi-structured interviews of managers from all management levels (low, middle and top) and experts in the field of health management and/or personnel management. The qualitative interviews were analysed according to Mayring's content analytic approach using MAXQDA...
September 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905048/social-determinants-of-health-violent-radicalization-and-terrorism-a-public-health-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Zulfacar Sharif, Goleen Samari
Background: Terrorism-related deaths are at an all-time high as there were 32,685 and 29,376 terrorism-related deaths in 2014 and 2015, respectively. Terrorism is defined as the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims. Terrorism is detrimental for mental health, premature mortality, and economic losses and undermines the central tenets of public health to improve the health and well-being of populations. Despite the impact terrorism has on avoidable morbidity and mortality, population health research largely overlooks social determinants of terrorism and risk factors that contribute to terrorist activities...
2017: Health equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882650/does-access-to-green-space-impact-the-mental-well-being-of-children-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Rachel McCormick
PROBLEM: An increasing body of research is showing associations between green space and overall health. Children are spending more time indoors while pediatric mental and behavioral health problems are increasing. A systematic review of the literature was done to examine the association between access to green space and the mental well-being of children. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles were limited to English language, ages 0-18 years, and publish date 2012-2017...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818008/occupational-therapy-student-experiences-of-a-university-mental-health-course-based-on-an-integrated-application-of-problem-based-and-team-based-learning
#17
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
January 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804509/lifetime-stress-exposure-and-health-a-review-of-contemporary-assessment-methods-and-biological-mechanisms
#18
Grant S Shields, George M Slavich
Life stress is a central construct in health research because it is associated with increased risk for a variety of serious mental and physical health problems, including anxiety disorders, depression, cardiovascular disease, autoimmune disorders, Alzheimer's disease, certain cancers, and other diseases of aging. In this review, we examine how lifetime stress exposure contributes to elevated disease risk, and explore ongoing measurement and scientific issues related to this topic. To accomplish these goals, we first review existing instruments that have been developed for assessing perceived stress, self-reported life events, interviewer-assessed life stressors, and lifetime stress exposure...
August 2017: Social and Personality Psychology Compass
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768607/peer-communication-in-online-mental-health-forums-for-young-people-directional-and-nondirectional-support
#19
Julie Prescott, Terry Hanley, Katalin Ujhelyi
BACKGROUND: The Internet has the potential to help young people by reducing the stigma associated with mental health and enabling young people to access services and professionals which they may not otherwise access. Online support can empower young people, help them develop new online friendships, share personal experiences, communicate with others who understand, provide information and emotional support, and most importantly help them feel less alone and normalize their experiences in the world...
August 2, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763183/-the-most-cited-themes-in-the-research-in-the-field-of-mental-health-analyses-of-six-international-nursing-and-medical-journals
#20
Laura Cunico, Susanna Fredo, Massimo Bernini
INTRODUCTION: The review aimed to identify and analyse the future development on the topic by analysing the main themes discussed in number of scientific journal focused on Mental Health both by nurses and physicians.. METHOD: 4 international journals focused on Mental health and psychiatry International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, American Journal of Psychiatry, Australian and New Zeland Journal of Psychiatry as well as two journal focused generically on health, Journal of Advanced Nursing and Lancet were scrutinized...
April 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
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