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research topics on mental health problems

Andrew Pomerville, Rachel L Burrage, Joseph P Gone
Objective: Although the dire mental health needs of Indigenous communities are well established in the literature, the empirical evidence for psychotherapeutic treatment for these populations is perceived to be scant. This review is intended to determine gaps in the literature for this population by asking how much empirical work has been published, what types of research are being conducted, which topics are most prevalent among the existing literature, and what can be concluded about psychotherapy with Indigenous populations based on this literature...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Shouq A Sadah, Moloud Shahbazi, Matthew T Wiley, Vagelis Hristidis
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients from diverse demographic groups share and search for health-related information on Web-based social media. However, little is known about the content of the posted information with respect to the users' demographics. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to analyze the content of Web-based health-related social media based on users' demographics to identify which health topics are discussed in which social media by which demographic groups and to help guide educational and research activities...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Erhan Arif Ozturk, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Bilge Kocer, Selcuk Comoglu, Aytul Cakci
BACKGROUND: Although there are studies evaluating pain in Parkinson's disease (PD), to our knowledge, there is no study evaluating the following topics in a cohort of PD patients; (1) frequency of chronic pain, (2) characteristics of chronic pain, (3) severity of chronic pain, (4) types of chronic pain, (5) independent predictors of chronic pain, (6) impact of chronic pain on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and (7) the role of chronic pain among the independent predictors of HRQoL...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Lieke Lammerts, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Willem van Mechelen, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: A process evaluation of a participatory supportive return to work program, aimed at workers without a (permanent) employment contract who are sick-listed due to a common mental disorder, revealed that this program was executed less successfully than similar programs evaluated in earlier studies. The program consisted of a participatory approach, integrated care and direct placement in competitive employment. Aim of this study was to get a better understanding of the execution of the program by evaluating stakeholders' perceptions...
2016: BMC Public Health
Simon M Rice, Rosemary Purcell, Stefanie De Silva, Daveena Mawren, Patrick D McGorry, Alexandra G Parker
BACKGROUND: The physical impacts of elite sport participation have been well documented; however, there is comparatively less research on the mental health and psychological wellbeing of elite athletes. OBJECTIVE: This review appraises the evidence base regarding the mental health and wellbeing of elite-level athletes, including the incidence and/or nature of mental ill-health and substance use. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases, up to and including May 2015, was conducted...
September 2016: Sports Medicine
Eva Real, Lluís Jover, Ricard Verdaguer, Antoni Griera, Cinto Segalàs, Pino Alonso, Fernando Contreras, Antoni Arteman, José M Menchón
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are very common and often lead to prolonged sickness absence, having serious economic repercussions for most European countries. Periods of economic crisis are important social phenomena that are assumed to increase sickness absence due to mental disorders, although research on this topic remains scarce. The aim of this study was to gather data on long-term sickness absence (and relapse) due to mental disorders in Spain during a period of considerable socio-economic crisis...
2016: PloS One
Marco Costa, Martin Oberholzer-Riss, Christoph Hatz, Robert Steffen, Milo Puhan, Patricia Schlagenhauf
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, there have been several natural disasters and global catastrophies with a steady increase in humanitarian relief work. This has resulted in increased research in the field of humanitarian aid, however the focus is mostly on the victims of the disasters and not on the individuals and organisations providing aid. OBJECTIVES: The intent of this research is to review the information available on pre-deployment interventions and recommendations such as vaccinations and other health preserving measures in volunteers and professionals deploying abroad in humanitarian relief missions...
November 2015: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Chun-Sheng Liang, Feng-Kui Duan, Ke-Bin He, Yong-Liang Ma
Recently, PM2.5 (atmospheric fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm) have received so much attention that the observations, source appointment and countermeasures of it have been widely studied due to its harmful impacts on visibility, mood (mental health), physical health, traffic safety, construction, economy and nature, as well as its complex interaction with climate. A review on the PM2.5 related research is necessary. We start with summary of chemical composition and characteristics of PM2...
January 2016: Environment International
Hannah Strohmeier, Willem F Scholte
BACKGROUND: Working in humanitarian crisis situations is dangerous. National humanitarian staff in particular face the risk of primary and secondary trauma exposure which can lead to mental health problems. Despite this, research on the mental health of national staff is scarce, and a systematic analysis of up-to-date findings has not been undertaken yet. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the available literature on trauma-related mental health problems among national humanitarian staff...
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Zi Jia Ng, Scott E Huebner, Kimberly J Hills
Student subjective well-being remains a relatively neglected topic despite its intimate link to positive school outcomes. As academic achievement is a widely used yardstick of student success and school accountability, school-based mental health research and practice have focused primarily on the assessment and treatment of learning and behavioral problems. This short-term longitudinal study sought to establish the role of student subjective well-being, specifically, global life satisfaction (LS), in academic achievement...
December 2015: Journal of School Psychology
Kathina Ali, Louise Farrer, Amelia Gulliver, Kathleen M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Adolescence and early adulthood are critical periods for the development of mental disorders. Online peer-to-peer communication is popular among young people and may improve mental health by providing social support. Previous systematic reviews have targeted Internet support groups for adults with mental health problems, including depression. However, there have been no systematic reviews examining the effectiveness of online peer-to-peer support in improving the mental health of adolescents and young adults...
April 2015: JMIR Mental Health
Amelia Gulliver, Kylie Bennett, Anthony Bennett, Louise M Farrer, Julia Reynolds, Kathleen M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: There is a growing need to develop online services for university students with the capacity to complement existing services and efficiently address student mental health problems. Previous research examining the development and acceptability of online interventions has revealed that issues such as privacy critically impact user willingness to engage with these services. OBJECTIVE: To explore university student perspectives on privacy issues related to using an online mental health service within the context of the development of an online, university-based virtual mental health clinic...
January 2015: JMIR Mental Health
Samuelina S Arthur, Bongiwe Nyide, Abdramane Bassiahi Soura, Kathleen Kahn, Mark Weston, Osman Sankoh
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is the intake of food in relation to the body's dietary needs. Malnutrition results from the intake of inadequate or excess food. This can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to assess research conducted by the International Network for the Demographic Evaluation of Populations and their Health (INDEPTH) of health and demographic surveillance systems (HDSSs) over a 15-year period on malnutrition, its determinants, the effects of under and over nutrition, and intervention research on malnutrition in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
2015: Global Health Action
Brenda Happell, Cherrie Galletly, David Castle, Chris Platania-Phung, Robert Stanton, David Scott, Brian McKenna, Freyja Millar, Dennis Liu, Matthew Browne, Trentham Furness
The physical health of people with serious mental illness (SMI) has become a focal area of research. The aim of the present study was to ascertain the attention and distribution of research from within Australia on physical illness and SMI co-occurrence, and to identify gaps. A scoping review of peer-reviewed research literature from Australia, published between January 2000 and March 2014, was undertaken through an electronic literature search and coding of papers to chart trends. Four trends are highlighted: (i) an almost threefold increase in publications per year from 2000-2006 to 2007-2013; (ii) a steady release of literature reviews, especially from 2010; (iii) health-related behaviours, smoking, integrated-care programmes, and antipsychotic side-effects as the most common topics presented; and (iv) paucity of randomized, controlled trials on integrated-care models...
October 2015: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Lesley Uttley, Matt Stevenson, Alison Scope, Andrew Rawdin, Anthea Sutton
BACKGROUND: The majority of mental health problems are non-psychotic (e.g., depression, anxiety, and phobias). For some people, art therapy may be a more acceptable alternative form of psychological therapy than standard forms of treatment, such as talking therapies. This study was part of a health technology assessment commissioned by the National Institute for Health Research, UK and aimed to systematically appraise the clinical and cost-effective evidence for art therapy for people with non-psychotic mental health disorders...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Mikaila M Crotty, Julie Henderson, Paul R Ward, Jeffrey Fuller, Anne Rogers, Debbie Kralik, Sue Gregory
BACKGROUND: People with mental illness have been identified as being more likely to experience type 2 diabetes and the complications arising from this, necessitating more complex chronic illness self-management. Social support has been identified as a significant factor in the successful adoption of lifestyle change for people with type 2 diabetes, however people with mental illness often have impoverished social networks leading to greater reliance upon professional care givers. This study maps the support provided by formal (paid and professional carers) and informal networks to people with mental illness and type 2 diabetes, comparing the experiences of people with a spouse with those without one...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
Anna Klimkiewicz, Jakub Klimkiewicz, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Ilona Kieres-Salomoński, Marcin Wojnar
Co-occurrence of alcohol dependence with other mental disorders is very common, being important cause of diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. There is a lack of systemic solutions in mental health care dedicated to the patients with dual diagnosis. The literature on the topic of treatment of patients with dual diagnosis is limited. While comorbidity of alcohol dependence with mental disorders is prevalent, there is rising interest among researchers on that issue. In this paper we present current hypotheses on pathogenesis of dual diagnosis as well as recommendations for its treatment...
March 2015: Psychiatria Polska
Karen Grimmer, Kate Kennedy, Steven Milanese, Kay Price, Debra Kay
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to identify opportunities to improve the reach and impact of the Australian Medicare 75+ Health Assessment (75+HA) to detect early functional decline (FD). METHODS: A comparison of two published review articles produced two outputs: (1) assessments identified in the systematic review that underpinned the 75+HA items were ranked for evidence of effectiveness and compared with the volume of research into assessment areas identified by a recent review on indicators of early FD; and (2) items in the 75+HA were compared with those in the recent review...
February 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Klaus Scheuch, Eva Haufe, Reingard Seibt
BACKGROUND: Almost 800,000 teachers were working in Germany in the 2012-13 school year. A determination of the most common medical problems in this large occupational group serves as the basis for measures that help maintain teachers' health and their ability to work in their profession. METHODS: We present our own research findings, a selective review of the literature, and data derived from the German statutory health insurance scheme concerning medical disability, long-term illness, and inability to work among teachers...
May 15, 2015: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
R Ashmore
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: Historically, compulsory hospital admission led to discrimination for service users. For example, until recently detention under the Mental Health Act 1983 (England and Wales) would disqualify a person from being a Member of Parliament. There is a belief among mental health professionals that compulsory hospital admission will result in service users being refused a tourist visa. However, there is a paucity of literature on this topic, particularly from an international perspective...
August 2015: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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