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bombyx mori Qin Yao

Si-Qi Yan, Rui Xing, Yan-Feng Zhou, Kai-Le Li, Yuan-Yuan Su, Jian-Feng Qiu, Yun-Hu Zhang, Ke-Qin Zhang, Yao He, Xiao-Ping Lu, Shi-Qing Xu
Sexual glands are key sites affected by nanotoxicity, but there is no sensitive assay for measuring reproductive toxicity in animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the toxic effects of cadmium telluride quantum dots (CdTe-QDs) on gonads in a model organism, Bombyx mori. After dorsal vein injection of 0.32 nmol of CdTe-QDs per individual, the QDs passed through the outer membranes of gonads via the generation of ROS in the membranes of spermatocysts and ovarioles, as well as internal germ cells, thereby inducing early germ cell death or malformations via complex mechanisms related to apoptosis and autophagy through mitochondrial and lysosomal pathways...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Panpan Zhang, Di Miao, Yahui Zhang, Meizi Wang, Zhaoyang Hu, Peng Lü, Qin Yao
BACKGROUND: Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV), which belongs to the Bidnaviridae family established by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses in 2011, was the first bidensovirus identified in insects. The structure of BmBDV is similar to that of parvoviruses, while its replication is similar to that of adenoviruses. Although BmBDV has the potential to be used as a tool in biological pest control and as an expression vector, virus rescue has been a bottleneck in the application of this virus...
2016: Virology Journal
Yong Zhou, Chengcheng Wu, Qing Sheng, Caiying Jiang, Qin Chen, Zhengbing Lv, Juming Yao, Zuoming Nie
Lysine acetylation (Kac) is a vital post-translational modification that plays an important role in many cellular processes in organisms. In the present study, the nutrient storage proteins in hemolymph were first found to be highly acetylated-particularly SP2 protein, which contains 20 potential Kac sites. Further results confirmed that lysine acetylation could stabilize and up-regulate the protein level of anti-apoptosis protein SP2, thereby improving the survival of H2O2-treated BmN cells and suppressing the apoptosis induced by H2O2...
August 2016: Journal of Insect Physiology
Zhaoyang Hu, Xiaolong Zhang, Wei Liu, Qian Zhou, Qing Zhang, Guohui Li, Qin Yao
Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) of the family Bidnaviridae is the unique animal multipartite virus until now, which contains two-segmented linear single-stranded DNA genome VD1 (6.5 kb) and VD2 (6.0 kb). Both two segments and their complementary strands are encapsidated separately. Although the different frequencies of genome segments were reported in multipartite viruses of plants, the relative abundances of segments in the animal multipartite virus has not been studied yet. In this paper, the relative frequencies of VD1 and VD2 composing the genome of BmBDV were determined by qPCR in different samples...
May 10, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Rui Xing, Xue-Dong Chen, Yan-Feng Zhou, Jue Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Su, Jian-Feng Qiu, Yang-Hu Sima, Ke-Qin Zhang, Yao He, Shi-Qing Xu
The use of quantum dots (QDs) in biological imaging applications and targeted drug delivery is expected to increase. However, the efficiency of QDs in drug targeting needs to be improved. Here, we show that amino acids linked to CdTe QDs significantly increased the targeted transfer efficiency and biological safety in the invertebrate model Bombyx mori. Compared with bare QDs530, the transfer efficiency of Ala- and Gly-conjugated QDs (QDs530-Ala and QDs530-Gly) in circulatory system increased by 2.6 ± 0...
2016: Scientific Reports
Guohui Li, Mangmang Li, Wu Xu, Qian Zhou, Zhaoyang Hu, Qi Tang, Keping Chen, Qin Yao
Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) is a single-stranded DNA virus belonging to the Bidensovirus genus, Bidnaviridae family. Previous studies showed that parvovirus nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) contains endonuclease, helicase, and ATPase activities and that these activities are regulated by serine/threonine phosphorylation. We have reported that residue Thr-184 site of BmBDV NS1 is phosphorylated, and that residues of Thr-181 and Thr-191 are potentially phosphorylated. However, whether phosphorylation affects BmBDV NS1 activities remains unclear...
January 2016: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Shangshang Ma, Zhiqiong Kang, Peng Lü, Yanhua Yang, Qin Yao, Hengchuan Xia, Keping Chen
β-thymosin plays important roles in the development of the lymphatic system and the central nervous system in vertebrates. However, its role and function in invertebrates remain much less explored. Here, we firstly isolated a gene encoding β-thymosin in silkworm (Bombyx mori L.). Interestingly, this gene encodes two polypeptides, named as BmTHY1 and BmTHY2, via two different modes of RNA splicing. The recombinant proteins fused with an N-term GST tag were over-expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) and further purified to near homogenity to prepare mouse antibodies...
2015: PloS One
Guohui Li, Mangmang Li, Qian Zhou, Zhaoyang Hu, Qi Tang, Qin Yao
To improve the expression of heterologous genes using baculovirus expression system, we constructed a novel shuttle vector based on the Bm-Bacmid. In the Bm-Bacmid, partial sequences of Chitinase and Cystein Protease were replaced with a tandem cassette of Cm and egfp through homologous recombination. Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) ns1 under the control of polyhedrin promoter was inserted into the modified Bm-bacmid by transposition. For comparison, BmBDV ns1 under the control of polyhedrin promoter was also cloned in the wild type Bm-bacmid...
April 2015: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Miaomiao Zhang, Ying Ma, Xiaoli Pan, Zhaoyang Hu, Guohui Li, Yayun Si, Yali Xing, Keping Chen, Qin Yao
Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) has been identified as causing chronic densonucleosis in Bombyx mori specifically. The replication mechanism of BmBDV remains unknown. Its genome comprises two single stands DNA (VD1 and VD2). In order to rescue infectious virions in vitro, we obtained the total viral DNA extracted from the BmBDV-infected larvae midguts, subsequently cloned the full-length sequence of BmBDV genome fragments by PCR and constructed recombinant plasmids pMD18T-VD1 and pUC-VD2. The linear genome fragments were obtained by digesting recombinant plasmids with corresponding restriction enzymes, and then collectively transfected BmN cells by the method of liposome-embedding...
January 2015: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Liang Chen, Huiqing Chen, Chun Yao, Cheng Chang, Hengchuan Xia, Chunxia Zhang, Yang Zhou, Qin Yao, Keping Chen
Fluorides negatively affect the development of organisms and are a threat to human health and environmental safety. In this study, Bombyx mori N cell line (BmN) were used to explore effects of NaF on insect cells. We found that 8h (hrs) culture with high concentration of NaF (≥ 1 mM) induced significantly morphological changes. Dose-response curves of 72 h continuously cultured BmN treated with NaF showed that the half inhibitory concentration (IC50) value was 56.60 μM. Treatment of BmN with 100 and 300 μM of NaF induced apoptosis and necrosis...
April 9, 2015: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Guohui Li, Qian Zhou, Zhaoyang Hu, Peng Wang, Qi Tang, Keping Chen, Qin Yao
Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) VD1-ORF4 consists of 3,318 nucleotides, which codes for a predicted protein with molecular weight of about 127 kDa. However, the authentic proteins encoded by VD1-ORF4 in silkworm midguts infected with BmBDV and their interacting proteins are still unclear. In this study, Western blot analysis revealed that a 127-kDa protein was confirmed to be translated from the VD1-ORF4 transcript using polyclonal antibodies and monoclonal antibodies against VD1-ORF4 deduced amino acid. Moreover, four smaller proteins with molecular weight of about 70, 60, 53, and 42 kDa were also examined in the infected midguts...
April 2015: Current Microbiology
Lvgao Qin, Haifeng Shi, Hengchuan Xia, Liang Chen, Qin Yao, Keping Chen
Many biological phenotypes of male and female silkworms (Bombyx mori) are quite different, and one of the major differences is the growth rate at various larval stages. Nutrient utilization by midgut varies with sexes. However, the molecular basis of this variation is not clear. To understand the molecular mechanism, comparative proteomic approach was employed to investigate the variation of midgut proteomes between male and female silkworms. Totally, 32 proteins that were grouped into four categories were differentially expressed and subsequently identified by mass spectrometry...
2014: Journal of Insect Science
Guohui Li, Mangmang Li, Peng Wang, Zhaoyang Hu, Qin Yao, Qi Tang, Keping Chen
ns1 gene of Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) consisted of 951 nucleotides encoding a deduced 316-amino aicd protein. In this study, the gene was cloned and fused in frame with a N-terminal 6×His tag under control of the polyhedrin promoter, which was transposed into the mini-attTn7 locus of a modified baculovirus vector. Transfection of Sf-9 cells with the resulting recombinant DNA was performed to prepare recombinant virus and the resultant supernatant of transfection with fluorescent signal was harvested...
2014: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Liang Chen, Zaizhi You, Hengchuan Xia, Qi Tang, Yang Zhou, Qin Yao, Keping Chen
We previously identified a pumilio gene in silkworm (Bombyx mori L.), designated BmPUM, which was specifically expressed in the ovary and testis. To further characterize this gene's involvement in silkworm development, we have determined the spatiotemporal expression pattern of BmPUM during all embryonic stages. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis revealed that BmPUM was expressed in all stages of silkworm embryos and that its transcript levels displayed two distinct peaks. The first was observed at the germ-band formation stage (1 d after oviposition) and dropped to a low level at the gonad formation stage (5 d after oviposition)...
July 2014: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Guohui Li, Peng Wang, Mangmang Li, Wu Xu, Zhaoyang Hu, Qin Yao
Baculovirus gene expression is the most popular method to make target protein in cultured insect cells. To fast determine the generation of recombinant virus in cultured cells, donor plasmid of pFastBacI was modified by introducing egfp cassette. In the modified vector, egfp cassette was under the control of ie1 promoter, and target gene cassette was under the control of polyhedron promoter. To evaluate the convenience of the genetically modified donor plasmid used in eukaryotic expression, ns1 gene from Bombyx mori bidensovirus was ligated into the donor plasmid to generate recombinant plasmid pFastBacI-[P(ie1)-egfp-sv40]-[P(polh)-ns1-sv40]...
April 2014: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Xiaoli Pan, Peng Lü, Miaomiao Zhang, Zhaoyang Hu, Guohui Li, Shangshang Ma, Fan Feng, Keping Chen, Qin Yao
Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) is a new designated species of the new genus Bidensovirus in the new family Bidnaviridae, which contains two single-stranded linear DNAs (VD1 and VD2) and causes the chronic densonucleosis disease of silkworm. Previous researches revealed that VD1-ORF3 encodes the major structural proteins VPs. In this work, through western blot, we found that VPs expressed from 48 h post-inoculation and kept increasing until 120 h post-inoculation in midgut of Bombyx mori. In order to further investigate the translation of vp gene, the ORFs (vp1 and vp2) of the VP started just up-stream of the first two candidate initiation codons were expressed in Sf9 cells by a baculovirus expression system...
October 2014: Current Microbiology
Fan Feng, Liang Chen, Chaoqun Lian, Hengchuan Xia, Yang Zhou, Qin Yao, Keping Chen
UNLABELLED: The silkworm, Bombyx mori, is an important model of lepidoptera insect, and it has been used for several models of human diseases. In human being, long-term high-sugar diet can induce the occurrence of diabetes and other related diseases. Interestingly, our experiments revealed the high glucose diet also has a suppressive effect on the development of silkworms. To investigate the molecular mechanism by which high-glucose diet inhibited the midgut growth in silkworms, we employed comparative proteomic analysis to globally identify proteins differentially expressed in normal and high-glucose diet group silkworms...
August 28, 2014: Journal of Proteomics
Ping Hu, Fan Feng, Hengchuan Xia, Liang Chen, Qin Yao, Keping Chen
The atonal genes are an evolutionarily conserved group of genes encoding regulatory basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors. These transcription factors have a critical antioncogenic function in the retina, and are necessary for cell fate determination through the regulation of the cell signal pathway. In this study, the atonal gene was cloned from Bombyx mori, and the transcription factor was named BmAtonal. Sequence analysis showed that the BmAtonal protein shares extensive homology with other invertebrate Atonal proteins with the bHLH motif...
March 2014: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Teng Liu, Rui Xing, Yan-Feng Zhou, Jue Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Su, Ke-Qin Zhang, Yao He, Yang-Hu Sima, Shi-Qing Xu
Quantum dots (QDs) have gained significant attention due to their superior optical properties and wide usage in biological and biomedical studies. In recent years, there has been intense concern regarding the in vivo toxicity of QDs. This study was undertaken to examine the toxicity of CdTe QDs on hematopoiesis in an invertebrate model organism, Bombyx mori. Vascular injection of sub-lethal doses of QDs in B. mori larvae caused time- and dose-dependent damage in the hematopoietic organ and hematocytes. QDs with the maximum emission wavelength of 530 nm (QDs530) were quickly observed in cystocytes and plasmacytes, and gradually bleached their green fluorescence, followed by a decrease in peripheral hematocytes...
March 2014: Biomaterials
Peng Lü, Hengchuan Xia, Lu Gao, Ye Pan, Yong Wang, Xin Cheng, Honggang Lü, Feng Lin, Liang Chen, Qin Yao, Xiaoyong Liu, Qi Tang, Keping Chen
Silkworms are usually susceptible to the infection of Bombyx mori (B. mori) nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), which can cause significant economic loss. However, some silkworm strains are identified to be highly resistant to BmNPV. To explore the silkworm genes involved in this resistance in the present study, we performed comparative real-time PCR, ATPase assay, over-expression and sub-cellular localization experiments. We found that when inoculated with BmNPV both the expression and activity of V-ATPase were significantly up-regulated in the midgut column cells (not the goblet cells) of BmNPV-resistant strains (NB and BC8), the main sites for the first step of BmNPV invasion, but not in those of a BmNPV-susceptible strain 306...
2013: PloS One
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