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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734152/trajectories-of-alcohol-use-in-the-uk-military-and-associations-with-mental-health
#1
L Goodwin, S Norton, N T Fear, M Jones, L Hull, S Wessely, R J Rona
INTRODUCTION: There are higher levels of alcohol misuse in the military compared to the general population. Yet there is a dearth of research in military populations on the longitudinal patterns of alcohol use. This study aims to identify group trajectories of alcohol consumption in the UK military and to identify associations with childhood adversity, deployment history and mental disorder. METHODS: Data on weekly alcohol consumption across an eight year period and three phases of a UK military cohort study (n=667) were examined using growth mixture modelling...
July 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731931/renal-function-and-its-association-with-blood-pressure-in-middle-eastern-immigrants-and-native-swedes
#2
Christopher Nilsson, Anders Christensson, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND: Iraqi-born immigrants residing in Sweden are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, obesity and hyperlipidemia compared with native Swedes. Paradoxically, hypertension is less prevalent in this immigrant population. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in renal function and further if differences in blood pressure (BP) levels were associated with differences across ethnicities in renal function as a possible explanation to the paradox. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study of men and women, born in Iraq or Sweden, aged 30-75 years was conducted in Malmö, Sweden, from 2010 to 2012...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725442/identification-of-dust-storm-origin-in-south-west-of-iran
#3
Parya Broomandi, Bahram Dabir, Babak Bonakdarpour, Yousef Rashidi
BACKGROUND: Deserts are the main sources of emitted dust, and are highly responsive to wind erosion. Low content of soil moisture and lack of vegetation cover lead to fine particle's release. One of the semi-arid bare lands in Iran, located in the South-West of Iran in Khoozestan province, was selected to investigate Sand and Dust storm potential. METHODS: This paper focused on the metrological parameters of the sampling site, their changes and the relationship between these changes and dust storm occurrence, estimation of Reconaissance Drought Index, the Atterberg limits of soil samples and their relation with soil erosion ability, the chemical composition, size distribution of soil and airborne dust samples, and estimation of vertical mass flux by COMSALT through considering the effect of saffman force and interparticle cohesion forces during warm period (April-September) in 2010...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722319/immunophenotypic-aberrancies-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-from-282-iraqi-patients
#4
S D Jalal, N A S Al-Allawi, A A S Al Doski
INTRODUCTION: The identification of aberrancies in leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP) of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is quite important in the assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD). This study, the first from Iraq, aimed to assess the frequency and patterns of LAIP among Iraqi patients with ALL, to establish future strategies for evaluating MRD. METHODS: A total of 282 newly diagnosed Iraqi ALL cases were analyzed with six-parameter flow cytometry using a panel of 29 monoclonal antibodies...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717729/middle-eastern-conflicts-implications-for-refugee-health-in-the-european-union-and-middle-eastern-host-countries
#5
Michael Silbermann, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Omar Nimri, Mazin Al-Jadiry, Lea Baider
Until very recently, health care in conflict settings was based on a model developed in the second half of the twentieth century. Things have changed, and present civil wars, such as those that are currently taking place in the Middle East, do not address the complexity of the ongoing armed conflicts in countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. These conflicts have caused a significant increase in the number of refugees in the region, as well as in Europe. Hundreds of thousands of refugees succeed in settling in mid- and north-European countries, and their health issues are becoming of great importance...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713736/using-carnoy-s-solution-in-treatment-of-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumor
#6
Najwa Jameel Alchalabi, Ahmed Maki Merza, Sabah Abdulaziz Issa
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment of keratocystic odontogenic tumor using enucleation and Carnoy's solution with peripheral ostectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (14 females and 15 males) with age range from 12 to 62 years were included in this study and followed up for 7 years; all the patients were treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Specialized Surgeries Teaching Hospital (Al-Shaheed Ghazi Al-Hariri Hospital-Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq)...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710975/paternal-history-of-mental-illness-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-veterans
#7
Megan Shepherd-Banigan, Michelle L Kelley, Jodie G Katon, John F Curry, Karen M Goldstein, Mira Brancu, H Ryan Wagner, Teresa E Fecteau, Courtney H Van Houtven
This study examined the association between parent and family reported history of non-PTSD mental illness (MI), PTSD specifically, and substance use problems, and participant clinical diagnosis of PTSD. Participants were drawn from the US Department of Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center (MIRECC) Post-Deployment Mental Health (PDMH) study (n = 3191), an ongoing multi-site cohort study of US Afghanistan and Iraq conflict era veterans. Participants who recalled a father history of PTSD had a 26-percentage point higher likelihood of meeting criteria for PTSD; while participants reporting any family history of PTSD had a 15-percentage point higher probability of endorsing symptoms consistent with PTSD...
June 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709118/combat-exposure-and-pain-in-male-and-female-afghanistan-and-iraq-veterans-the-role-of-mediators-and-moderators
#8
Melissa M Buttner, Kathryn M Godfrey, Elizabeth Floto, James Pittman, Laurie Lindamer, Niloofar Afari
Veterans experience physical health problems associated with disability and poor quality of life following combat exposure (CE). Understanding the CE-physical health relationship, specifically pain intensity and somatic pain, may inform etiological models and interventions. This study examined the CE-pain relationship, associated mediators, and gender as a moderator. 2381 veterans at the VA San Diego Healthcare System completed paper or electronic self-report measures of pain intensity and somatic pain. Analyses examined associations of pain with CE and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and resilience as mediators of the CE-pain association...
July 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706766/a-case-based-review-of-the-management-of-penetrating-brain-trauma
#9
Jason Milton, Alex Rugino, Kailash Narayan, Chris Karas, Victor Awuor
Principles of penetrating head trauma management were established by Harvey Cushing in relation to the management of penetrating brain injuries of World War One. Cushing radically debrided the scalp and skull and aggressively irrigated wound tracks to remove foreign bodies. He would then obtain water-tight closure. Cushing significantly decreased infection rates which reportedly limited the major cause of mortality due to penetrating head injuries. Many advances have been made by contributions from World War Two, Korean War, Vietnam War, and Iran/Iraq conflicts...
June 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702880/atrial-fibrillation-in-immigrant-groups-a-cohort-study-of-all-adults-45%C3%A2-years-of-age-and-older-in-sweden
#10
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Xinjun Li, Danijela Gasevic, Johan Ärnlöv, Martin J Holzmann, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
To study the association between country of birth and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in several immigrant groups in Sweden. The study population included all adults (n = 3,226,752) aged 45 years and older in Sweden. AF was defined as having at least one registered diagnosis of AF in the National Patient Register. The incidence of AF in different immigrant groups, using Swedish-born as referents, was assessed by Cox regression, expressed in hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). All models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, geographical residence in Sweden, educational level, marital status, and neighbourhood socioeconomic status...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700044/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-iran-and-its-neighboring-countries-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Worku Jimma, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Leila Shahmoradi, Ahmed Abdulahi Abdurahman, Sharareh Rostam Niakan Kalhori, Mahshid Nasehi, Sharifi Yazdi, Reza Safdari
Tuberculosis, in particular drug-resistant tuberculosis, is of global concern due to the high mortality and morbidity associated with it annually. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of and the risk factors for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Iran and its neighboring countries. Four databases (PubMed, BioMed Central, EMBASE, and Web of Science) were searched using key terms. Nineteen eligible articles were identified, of which 12 and seven were used for quantitative and qualitative analysis, respectively...
May 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690925/the-role-of-ptsd-depression-and-alcohol-misuse-symptom-severity-in-linking-deployment-stressor-exposure-and-post-military-work-and-family-outcomes-in-male-and-female-veterans
#12
Brian N Smith, Emily C Taverna, Annie B Fox, Paula P Schnurr, Rebecca A Matteo, Dawne Vogt
Exposure to stressors during military deployment puts veterans at risk for reduced post-military quality of life. Stress-related mental health problems may lead to decreased well-being within work and family domains, yet few studies have explored associations in the context of gender. We examined relationships between deployment stressors and post-military functioning and satisfaction in the domains of work and family, with a focus on PTSD, depression, and alcohol misuse symptomatology as potential mediators...
July 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690885/cancer-research-in-the-arab-world-a-review-of-publications-from-seven-countries-between-2000-2013
#13
REVIEW
Randah R Hamadeh, Saif M Borgan, Abla M Sibai
This review aimed to examine trends in cancer research in the Arab world and identify existing research gaps. A search of the MEDLINE® database (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) was undertaken for all cancer-related publications published between January 2000 and December 2013 from seven countries, including Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Sudan. A total of 1,773 articles were identified, with a significant increase in yearly publications over time (P <0.005)...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682121/regulation-and-resistance-negotiation-of-premarital-sexuality-in-the-context-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#14
Alexandra J Hawkey, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
Constructions of normative sexuality shape the sexual scripts that women are permitted to adopt and the manner in which such sexuality can be expressed. We explored experiences and constructions of premarital sexuality among migrant and refugee women recently resettled in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada. A total of 78 semistructured individual interviews and 15 focus groups composed of 82 participants were undertaken with women who had migrated from Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Sri Lanka, and South America...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681265/a-systematic-review-on-the-prevalence-of-conduct-disorder-in-the-middle-east
#15
REVIEW
Maryam Salmanian, Fatemeh Asadian-Koohestani, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi
OBJECTIVE: Several epidemiological studies have been done on conduct disorder in the Middle East, but no systematic review has been conducted on this topic. Thus, we aimed at investigating the prevalence of conduct disorder in the Middle East in this systematic review of the literature. METHODS: We searched all the cross-sectional studies in the scientific databases of PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Islamic World Science Citation Center, and Grey Literature including conference proceedings, and hand searching of key journals from 1995 to the end of 2014...
July 5, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670558/challenges-facing-optimum-care-of-diabetic-children-in-iraq
#16
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661934/associations-among-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-substance-use-and-affective-attentional-processing-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#17
Gabrielle I Liverant, Melissa M Amick, Shimrit K Black, Michael Esterman, Blair E Wisco, Molly C Gibian, Brian P Marx, Regina E McGlinchey
The majority of research examining affective attentional bias in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has not examined the influence of co-occurring psychiatric disorders. This study examined the individual and interactive effects of PTSD symptoms and substance use disorders (SUDs) on affective attentional processing among 323 veterans deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Participants were divided into those with SUD (SUD+, n = 46) and those without (SUD-, n = 277). Substance use disorder was determined using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657831/case-report-life-saving-application-of-commercial-tourniquet-in-pediatric-extremity-hemorrhage
#18
David W Callaway, Andrew Puciaty, Josh Robertson, Tony Hannon, Sarah E Fabiano
Hemorrhage is the leading preventable cause of death in civilian and military trauma. Recent data from the ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan suggest that early and aggressive tourniquet utilization is a safe and effective way to dramatically reduce mortality from extremity hemorrhage. As a result, prehospital tourniquet use is now endorsed by a majority of professional emergency medicine, emergency medical service and trauma professional societies. However, there currently exists scant evidence supporting the efficacy of commercially available tourniquets in controlling extremity hemorrhage in pediatric trauma patients...
June 28, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656593/the-post-deployment-mental-health-pdmh-study-and-repository-a-multi-site-study-of-us-afghanistan-and-iraq-era-veterans
#19
Mira Brancu, H Ryan Wagner, Rajendra A Morey, Jean C Beckham, Patrick S Calhoun, Larry A Tupler, Christine E Marx, Katherine H Taber, Robin A Hurley, Jared Rowland, Scott D McDonald, Jeffrey M Hoerle, Scott D Moore, Harold S Kudler, Richard D Weiner, John A Fairbank
The United States (US) Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC) Post-Deployment Mental Health (PDMH) multi-site study examines post-deployment mental health in US military Afghanistan/Iraq-era veterans. The study includes the comprehensive behavioral health characterization of over 3600 study participants and the genetic, metabolomic, neurocognitive, and neuroimaging data for many of the participants. The study design also incorporates an infrastructure for a data repository to re-contact participants for follow-up studies...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651007/urban-chikungunya-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
John M Humphrey, Natalie B Cleton, Chantal B E M Reusken, Marshall J Glesby, Marion P G Koopmans, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is not well characterized despite increasing recognition of its expanding infection and disease burden in recent years. METHODOLOGY / PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Following Cochrane Collaboration guidelines and reporting our findings following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed records describing the human prevalence and incidence, CHIKV prevalence/infection rates in vectors, outbreaks, and reported cases for CHIKV across the MENA region...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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