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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426558/combat-surgical-workload-in-oif-oef-the-definitive-analysis
#1
Caryn A Turner, Zsolt T Stockinger, Jennifer M Gurney
BACKGROUND: Relatively few publications exist on surgical workload in the deployed military setting. This study analyses U.S. Military combat surgical workload in Iraq and Afghanistan to gain a more thorough understanding of surgical training gaps and personnel requirements. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) was performed for all Role 2 (R2) and Role 3 (R3) Military Treatment Facilities (MTFs), from January 2001 to May 2016...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422901/the-deployment-trauma-phenotype-and-employment-status-in-veterans-of-the-wars-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#2
Melissa M Amick, Mark Meterko, Catherine B Fortier, Jennifer R Fonda, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of comorbid mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression, termed the deployment trauma phenotype (DTP), and its constituent diagnoses' impact on unemployment status in a national cohort of veterans. SETTING: Retrospective analysis of the comprehensive TBI evaluation, a Veterans Affairs-wide protocol for assessing TBI, employment status, and psychiatric impressions. PARTICIPANTS: The final data set consisted of 48 821 veterans...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419870/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-colonisation-amongst-healthcare-workers-in-kurdistan-region-iraq
#3
Nawfal R Hussein, Mahde S Assafi, Tayyaba Ijaz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among healthcare workers (HCWs) compared with non-HCWs at Duhok city, Kurdistan Region, northern Iraq. METHODS: A total of 182 HCWs with different occupations and working in different hospital units as well as 198 non-HCWs were recruited. Nasal swab samples were collected and were inoculated on mannitol salt agar and incubated at 35°C for 48h...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410014/gender-differences-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-u-s-navy-healthcare-personnel
#4
Andrew J MacGregor, Mary C Clouser, Jonathan A Mayo, Michael R Galarneau
BACKGROUND: The role of women in the U.S. military has changed markedly over the course of 20th- and 21st-century conflicts. Although women frequently occupy healthcare positions in the military, little is known about gender differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within this occupational subgroup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 4275 (667 women and 3608 men) U.S. Navy healthcare personnel supporting military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan were identified from electronic deployment records...
April 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401580/military-sexual-trauma-is-associated-with-post-deployment-eating-disorders-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-veterans
#5
Rebecca K Blais, Emily Brignone, Shira Maguen, Marjorie E Carter, Jamison D Fargo, Adi V Gundlapalli
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association of military sexual trauma (MST) screen status with eating disorder diagnoses among veterans within 1- and 5-years after initiating Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care, and whether the association varied by sex. METHOD: Retrospective cohort study of US Afghanistan/Iraq veterans who used VHA services between FY 2004 and 2014 (N = 595,525). This study used VHA administrative data to assess the presence of eating disorder diagnoses in medical records within 1- and 5-years of initiating VHA care, and whether a positive screen for MST was associated with eating disorders...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397941/cytotoxicity-anticancer-activities-of-anastrozole-against-breast-liver-hepatocellular-and-prostate-cancer-cells
#6
Firas Hassan, Gamal A El-Hiti, Mays Abd-Allateef, Emad Yousif
To investigate the cytotoxic effect of anastrozole on breast (MCF7), liver hepatocellular (HepG2), and prostate (PC3) cancer cells. Methods: This is a prospective study. Anastrozole's mechanism of apoptosis in living cells was also determined by high content screening (HCS) assay. Methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay was carried out at the Centre of Biotechnology Research's, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq between July 2015 and October 2015. The HCS assay was performed at the Centre for Natural Product Research  and Drug Discovery, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia between November 2015 and February 2016...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396693/prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-access-to-health-care-and-medications-among-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#7
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: The increasing caseload of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in displaced populations poses new challenges for humanitarian agencies and host country governments in the provision of health care, diagnostics and medications. This study aimed to characterise the prevalence of NCDs and better understand issues related to accessing care among Yazidis and other minority groups displaced by ISIS and currently residing in camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. METHODS: The study covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394694/the-death-of-sir-victor-horsley-1857-1916-and-his-burial-in-amarah
#8
Nadeem Toodayan
Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley (1857-1916), the pioneering British neurological surgeon, passed away 100 years ago. He died young in his sixtieth year from the effects of heat stroke while serving as consulting military surgeon to the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force in Amarah, modern-day Iraq, and was buried in the now largely abandoned "Amara War Cemetery." By the time of his death in 1916, Victor Horsley had established himself as one of the most eminent innovators of modern neurological surgery. His pioneering researches in cerebral physiology earned him an early reputation in the field, and his experiences with vivisection allowed him to confidently operate on the brain and spinal cord at a time when surgical intervention of the nervous system was fraught with uncertainty...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393120/raman-identification-of-cuneiform-tablet-pigments-emphasis-and-colour-technology-in-ancient-mesopotamian-mid-third-millennium
#9
Daniele Chiriu, Pier Carlo Ricci, Carlo Maria Carbonaro, Davide Nadali, Andrea Polcaro, Paul Collins
Cuneiform tablets tell the life and culture of Sumerian people in a sort of black and white tale because of the binary engraving technique. A leading question arises: did Mesopotamian people apply some kind of colour to decorate their tablets or to put emphasis on selected words? Some administrative and literary Sumerian cuneiform tablets of mid-third Millennium B.C. from the site of Kish (central Mesopotamia, modern Iraq) were dug up in twentieth-century and stored at the Ashmolean Museum of the Oxford University...
March 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390509/pathophysiology-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
REVIEW
Kirsty J Dixon
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become the signature injury of the military conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan and also has a high rate of occurrence in civilian populations in the United States. Although the effects of a moderate to severe brain injury have been investigated for decades, the chronic effects of single and repetitive mild TBI are just beginning to be investigated. Data suggest that the different types and severities of TBI have unique long-term outcomes and thus may represent different types of diseases...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388952/breast-cancer-in-iraq-is-associated-with-a-unimodally-distributed-predominance-of-luminal-type-b-over-luminal-type-a-surrogates-from-young-to-old-age
#11
Runnak A Majid, Hemin A Hassan, Dana N Muhealdeen, Hazha A Mohammed, Michael D Hughson
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has recently increased in post-menopausal Iraqi women. In Western countries at high-risk for breast cancer, there is a bimodal increase in estrogen receptor (ER) positive tumors with a peak of low proliferation rate luminal A over higher proliferation rate luminal B tumors after 60 years of age. The aim of this study was to analyze in Iraqi women whether shifts are occurring in immunohistochemical (IHC) surrogates of molecular breast cancer subtypes toward a high-risk profile...
April 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386156/genotyping-of-il-4-590-c-t-gene-in-iraqi-asthma-patients
#12
Ihsan A Hussein, Saddam H Jaber
This study is the first investigation in Iraq dealing with genotyping of IL-4 -590 (C>T) gene, especially in Iraqi patients with asthma. We studied forty-eight blood samples collected from patients with asthma and compared with age-matched 25 healthy individuals as controls. The polymorphism results of IL-4 -590 (C>T) gene by using amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS-PCR) showed the presence of C and T alleles and three genotypes (CC, CT, and TT). Interestingly the frequency of C allele and CC genotype was higher in patients with asthma in comparison with the same allele and genotype in control (P 1 × 10(-6))...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383471/clinical-practice-guideline-adherence-during-operation-inherent-resolve
#13
Timothy P Plackett, Darren C Cherry, Gerald Delk, Steven Satterly, Jared Theler, Derek McVay, Jacqueline Moore, Stacy A Shackelford
BACKGROUND: The Joint Trauma System (JTS) Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) contributed to the decrease in battlefield morality over the past 15 years. However, it is unknown to what degree the guidelines are being followed in current military operations. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all patients treated at three separate US Army Role II facilities during the first ten months of Operation Inherent Resolve in Iraq. Charts were reviewed for patient demographics, clinical care, and outcomes...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383097/prevalence-of-self-medication-among-university-students-in-baghdad-a-cross-sectional-study-from-iraq
#14
Rawa J K Al-Ameri, Husham J Abd Al-Badri, Riyadh K Lafta
The objective of this study is to find out the prevalence and determinants of self-medication among college students in Baghdad, Iraq. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Al-Mustansiriyah and Al-Nahrain universities, Baghdad, from January to April 2015. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted to collect data from 1435 college students using a questionnaire form. The mean age of the joining students was 19.8 years. Females form 53% of the sample. Self-medications use was prevalent among 92.4% of students...
March 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383094/prevalence-and-determinants-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-among-a-sample-of-adult-smokers-in-baghdad-iraq-2014
#15
Faris Al Lami, Zainab Salim
This cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and identify determinants of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among a convenience sample of 325 adult smokers in Baghdad, Iraq, 2014. Beside demographic variables, participants had Lung Function Questionnaire to assess respiratory symptoms; individuals with a score of ≤18 had a spirometry examination. Those with FEV1/FVC ratio <70% had post bronchodilator spirometry; those with FEV1/FVC% of <70% and <200 ml improvement of FEV1 were considered COPD cases...
March 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378064/immigrants-utilization-of-specialist-mental-healthcare-according-to-age-country-of-origin-and-migration-history-a-nation-wide-register-study-in-norway
#16
Dawit Shawel Abebe, Lars Lien, Jon Ivar Elstad
PURPOSE: As the immigrant population rises in Norway, it becomes ever more important to consider the responsiveness of health services to the specific needs of these immigrants. It has been questioned whether access to mental healthcare is adequate among all groups of immigrants. This study aims to examine the use of specialist mental healthcare services among ethnic Norwegians and specific immigrants groups. METHODS: Register data were used from the Norwegian Patient Registry and Statistics Norway...
April 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366345/young-child-and-maternal-sleep-in-the-middle-east
#17
Jodi A Mindell, Christina Lee, Avi Sadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to characterize sleep patterns and sleep problems in a large sample of infants and toddlers (from birth to three years) and their mothers in Arabic-speaking families in the Middle East and compare the results to those living in predominantly Asian and predominantly Caucasian countries/regions. METHODS: Mothers of 669 young children (from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Algeria, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Morocco, Iraq, Kuwai, Oman, Palestinian territories, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Bahrain, Israel, and other Arab countries) completed an Internet-based expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire, Daily Infant Mood Scale, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362519/salvage-of-combat-hindfoot-fractures-in-2003-2014-uk-military
#18
Philippa M Bennett, Thomas Stevenson, Ian D Sargeant, Alistair Mountain, Jowan G Penn-Barwell
BACKGROUND: Hindfoot fractures pose a considerable challenge to military orthopaedic surgeons, as combat injuries are typically the result of energy transfers not seen in civilian practice. This study aimed to characterize the pattern of hindfoot injuries sustained by UK military casualties in recent conflicts, define the early amputation and infection rate, and identify factors associated with poor early outcomes. METHODS: The UK Joint Theatre Trauma Registry was searched for British military casualties sustaining a hindfoot fracture from Iraq and Afghanistan between 2003 and 2014...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358520/update-heat-illness-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
In 2016, there were 2,536 incident diagnoses of heat illness among active component service members (incidence rate: 1.96 cases per 1,000 person-years [p-yrs]). The overall crude incidence rates of heat stroke and "other heat illness" were 0.31 and 1.65 per 1,000 p-yrs, respectively. In 2016, subgroup-specific incidence rates of heat stroke were highest among males and service members aged 19 years or younger, Asian/Pacific Islanders, Marine Corps and Army members, recruit trainees, and those in combat-specific and "other" occupations...
March 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356564/combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency-due-to-gross-deletions-in-the-pou1f1-pit-1-and-prop1-genes
#20
Eleonore Bertko, Jürgen Klammt, Petra Dusatkova, Mithat Bahceci, Nazli Gonc, Louise Ten Have, Nurgun Kandemir, Georg Mansmann, Barbora Obermannova, Wilma Oostdijk, Heike Pfäffle, Denise Rockstroh-Lippold, Marina Schlicke, Alpaslan Kemal Tuzcu, Roland Pfäffle
Pituitary development depends on a complex cascade of interacting transcription factors and signaling molecules. Lesions in this cascade lead to isolated or combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD). The aim of this study was to identify copy number variants (CNVs) in genes known to cause CPHD and to determine their structure. We analyzed 70 CPHD patients from 64 families. Deletions were found in three Turkish families and one family from northern Iraq. In one family we identified a 4.96 kb deletion that comprises the first two exons of POU1F1...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
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