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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#1
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134068/living-with-own-or-husband-s-mother-in-the-household-is-associated-with-lower-number-of-children-a-cross-cultural-analysis
#2
Susanne Huber, Patricia Zahourek, Martin Fieder
It has been discussed in the literature that the presence of kin, particularly the presence of a women's own mother or her mother in law, may have fertility effects. We aimed to examine the effects of the presence of a woman's own or her husband's mother in the household on a woman's fertility in terms of number of children on a broad basis by analysing census data of over two million married women aged between 15 and 34 years from 14 countries worldwide. We find that with the exception of Iraq, across all countries, the majority of women live only with their spouse in the household...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126430/lack-of-chronic-neuroinflammation-in-the-absence-of-focal-hemorrhage-in-a-rat-model-of-low-energy-blast-induced-tbi
#3
Miguel A Gama Sosa, Rita De Gasperi, Georgina S Perez Garcia, Heidi Sosa, Courtney Searcy, Danielle Vargas, Pierce L Janssen, Gissel M Perez, Anna E Tschiffely, William G Janssen, Richard M McCarron, Patrick R Hof, Fatemeh G Haghighi, Stephen T Ahlers, Gregory A Elder
Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been a common cause of injury in the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Blast waves can damage blood vessels, neurons, and glial cells within the brain. Acutely, depending on the blast energy, blast wave duration, and number of exposures, blast waves disrupt the blood-brain barrier, triggering microglial activation and neuroinflammation. Recently, there has been much interest in the role that ongoing neuroinflammation may play in the chronic effects of TBI...
November 10, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121582/intermammary-pilonidal-sinus-the-first-case-series
#4
Seerwan Hama Shareef, Tahir A Hawrami, Abdulwahid M Salih, Fahmi H Kakamad, Hawbash M Rahim, Hunar A Hassan, Dahat A Hussein
INTRODUCTION: Pilonidal sinus (PNS) is an inflammatory condition caused by hair penetration into the epidermis. It occurs usually in sacro-coccygeal area. Intermammary pilonidal sinus is a very rare variant with a few case reports in literature. The aim of this study is to highlight the presentation and management of intermammary pilonidal sinus. METHOD: A retrospective multicenter case series. Including all cases of intermammary PNS admitted to either of 5 major tertiary hospitals in Kurdistan region of Iraq...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120063/systematic-sonography-for-detection-of-occult-wounds-in-trauma
#5
Jordan Rupp, Warren Cooper, Robinson Ferre
Treating victims of penetrating trauma is challenging, especially in a mass-casualty or resource-limited setting. The traditional focused assessment with sonography for trauma examination is a well-established clinical tool in the initial evaluation of trauma victims. This article describes a novel technique of systematic sonography of the abdomen to look for occult wounds, which is used in conjunction with the focused assessment with sonography for trauma examination to evaluate occult intraperitoneal injury and improve patient treatment and use of resources...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119098/re-emerging-vaccine-preventable-diseases-in-war-affected-peoples-of-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Rasha Raslan, Skye El Sayegh, Sana Chams, Nour Chams, Angelo Leone, Inaya Hajj Hussein
For the past few decades, the Eastern Mediterranean Region has been one area of the world profoundly shaped by war and political instability. On-going conflict and destruction have left the region struggling with innumerable health concerns that have claimed the lives of many. Wars, and the chaos they leave behind, often provide the optimal conditions for the growth and re-emergence of communicable diseases. In this article, we highlight a few of the major re-emerging vaccine preventable diseases in four countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region that are currently affected by war leading to a migration crisis: Iraq, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114134/epidemiological-investigation-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-dog-populations-in-basra-province-southern-iraq
#7
Khawla B N Al-Jassim, Yasser S Mahmmod, Zainab M Salem, Azmi Al-Jubury
The understanding of the epidemiology of canine parasitic infections is necessary for an efficient control program to minimize the risk of zoonotic transmission. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence of canine gastrointestinal helminths and protozoa in Basra province, Southern Iraq, and (2) to identify the association of epidemiological characteristics (age, breed, gender, and feed type) of dogs with the parasitic infections. A total of 93 fecal samples, collected in the period from December 2014 to June 2015, were examined macroscopically and microscopically for the presence of worm eggs and protozoal oocysts, using centrifugal flotation method...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107174/influenza-risk-at-muslim-pilgrimages-in-iraq-and-saudi-arabia
#8
EDITORIAL
Philippe Gautret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103396/prevalence-risk-factors-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-diarrhoeal-infection-among-children-in-thi-qar-governorate-iraq
#9
A Harb, M O'Dea, Z K Hanan, S Abraham, I Habib
We conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study among children aged <5 years in Thi-Qar Governorate, south-eastern Iraq, in order to examine the prevalence, risk factors and antimicrobial resistance associated with gastroenteritis caused by Salmonella infection. From 320 diarrhoea cases enrolled between March and August 2016, 33 (10·3%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 8·4-12·4) cases were stool culture-positive for non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica. The most commonly identified serovar was Typhimurium (54%)...
November 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099847/a-glimpse-at-the-intricate-mosaic-of-ethnicities-from-mesopotamia-paternal-lineages-of-the-northern-iraqi-arabs-kurds-syriacs-turkmens-and-yazidis
#10
Serkan Dogan, Cemal Gurkan, Mustafa Dogan, Hasan Emin Balkaya, Ramazan Tunc, Damla Kanliada Demirdov, Nihad Ahmed Ameen, Damir Marjanovic
Widely considered as one of the cradles of human civilization, Mesopotamia is largely situated in the Republic of Iraq, which is also the birthplace of the Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian civilizations. These lands were subsequently ruled by the Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Mongolians, Ottomans and finally British prior to the independence. As a direct consequence of this rich history, the contemporary Iraqi population comprises a true mosaic of different ethnicities, which includes Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, and Yazidis among others...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099332/-dis-connectivities-in-wartime-the-therapeutic-geographies-of-iraqi-healthcare-seeking-in-lebanon
#11
Omar Dewachi, Anthony Rizk, Neil V Singh
The proliferation of conflicts across borders of Middle Eastern States has transformed the landscapes of health and healthcare across the region. In the case of Iraq, state healthcare has collapsed under the strain of protracted conflicts. Meanwhile, Lebanon's post-war healthcare system is booming, and becoming more privatised. In this paper, we build on an ethnographic study on the movements and experiences of Iraqi patients in Lebanon to show how one of the consequences of war is the rise of alternative forms of healthcare-seeking practices and survival strategies - a therapeutic geography that is embedded in regional economies and geopolitical relations and reconfigurations...
November 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098145/emerging-and-reemerging-diseases-in-the-world-health-organization-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-progress-challenges-and-who-initiatives
#12
REVIEW
Evans Buliva, Mohamed Elhakim, Nhu Nguyen Tran Minh, Amgad Elkholy, Peter Mala, Abdinasir Abubakar, Sk Md Mamunur Rahman Malik
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) continues to be a hotspot for emerging and reemerging infectious diseases and the need to prevent, detect, and respond to any infectious diseases that pose a threat to global health security remains a priority. Many risk factors contribute in the emergence and rapid spread of epidemic diseases in the Region including acute and protracted humanitarian emergencies, resulting in fragile health systems, increased population mobility, rapid urbanization, climate change, weak surveillance and limited laboratory diagnostic capacity, and increased human-animal interaction...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078001/coping-strategies-as-moderators-of-the-association-between-combat-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#13
Thomas W Britt, Amy B Adler, Gargi Sawhney, Paul D Bliese
The present research examined selected coping strategies as moderators of the relationship between combat exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among service members who were deployed to Iraq (N = 2,023) and Afghanistan (N = 1,023). A three-factor model of coping was confirmed for both military operations: positive emotion-focused, self-blame, and prayer/spirituality. Positive emotion-focused coping was inversely associated with PTSD symptoms (r = -.14) and buffered service members from the negative effects of combat exposure in both Iraq (r(2) = ...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069930/long-term-health-effects-of-chemical-warfare-agents-on-children-following-a-single-heavy-exposure
#14
J M Talabani, A I Ali, A M Kadir, R Rashid, F Samin, D Greenwood, Awm Hay
In the 1980s, villages in the Kurdistan region of Iraq were exposed to chemical weapons (CWs), which killed and injured thousands of civilians. There has been no clinical assessment of the long-term effects of CWs exposure on those injured. We report the first such evaluation of CW effects on long-term health of children. Patients from the CW-exposed areas were interviewed to assess previous and current clinical history and underwent clinical examination. The status of organs known to be targets of CWs, including skin, eyes, respiratory and neuromuscular systems, was assessed...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062207/congenital-arthrogryposis-hydranencephaly-syndrome-caused-by-akabane-virus-in-newborn-calves-of-basrah-governorate-iraq
#15
K M Alsaad, H H N Alautaish, M A Y Alamery
AIM: The study was conducted in Basrah, Iraq, to diagnose congenital arthrogryposis-hydranencephaly syndrome caused by Akabane virus (AKAV) in calves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Affected animals (42 calves) are about 2-27 days old from both sexes show signs of arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly. Eight clinically healthy newborn calves were considered as controls. Diagnosis of AKAV was confirmed using a competition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test. RESULTS: Results show that all affected calves were found seropositive...
September 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061762/descriptive-analysis-of-the-medical-care-performed-in-the-spanish-military-role-1-medical-treatment-facility-deployed-in-operation-inherent-resolve-iraq-2015-2016
#16
Rafael García Cañas, R Navarro Suay
INTRODUCTION: Operation 'Inherent Resolve' was approved by the United Nations in August 2014 with the objective of suppressing the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and increasing the region's stability. The mission of the Spanish military forces within this was to direct training missions for the Iraqi Army. The aim of this study is to analyse the medical care provided in the Spanish Role 1 deployed medical treatment facility during Operation 'Apoyo a Irak'. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted between 15 December 2015 and 18 November 2016...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058577/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-pediatricians-on-infantile-colic-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-region
#17
Flavia Indrio, Mohamad Miqdady, Fahd Al Aql, Joseph Haddad, Berkouk Karima, Katayoun Khatami, Nehza Mouane, Aiman Rahmani, Sulaiman Alsaad, Mohamed Salah, Gamal Samy, Silvio Tafuri
BACKGROUND: Regional evidence-based guidelines for the prophylaxis and management of infantile colic are not available for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The Allied Against Infantile Functional GI Disorders (ACT) Working Group was created in January, 2015 to determine the knowledge gaps and the current management practices of infantile colic by physicians in the MENA region. The ACT group determined the need for a survey to address these questions. The objectives of the survey were to highlight current clinical practices on the management of infantile colic and to raise awareness on colic severity in the MENA region...
October 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056127/transverse-acetabular-ligament-as-an-anatomical-landmark-for-intraoperative-cup-anteversion-in-primary-total-hip-replacement
#18
Mohammed Hatem Salal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of the use of transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) as an intraoperative indicator for acetabular cup anteversion alignment during total hip replacement. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Nursing Home Hospital in Baghdad Medical City Complex, Baghdad, Iraq, from October 2014 to June 2015. METHODOLOGY: Patients were operated through a posterolateral approach for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in which transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) was identified and used as indicator for cup anteversion...
October 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051689/detection-of-newly-defined-superantigenic-toxin-genes-and-coagulase-gene-polymorphism-in-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates
#19
Bareq A Al-Ajealy, Maysa S M Al-Shukri, Hassan S Al-Jumaily
The current study aims to use coagulase (coa) polymorphism gene to identify Staphylococcus aureus isolated from stool samples, evaluate the efficiency of these methods in discriminating variable strains, and compare these subtypes with antibiotypes. A total of 100 specimens were collected from patients in Babylon province, Iraq, between July 2016 and September 2016. Twenty S. aureus strains were isolated and identified using standard laboratory microbiological tests. The bacterial isolates were then examined by coa gene restriction fragment length polymorphism genotyping...
October 2017: Reviews in Medical Microbiology: a Journal of the Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045920/the-association-of-alcohol-consumption-patterns-with-self-rated-physical-health-and-psychiatric-distress-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-era-u-s-veterans
#20
Patrick S Calhoun, Sarah M Wilson, Eric A Dedert, Katherine C Cunningham, Thomas K Burroughs, Terrell A Hicks, Jean C Beckham, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Troster
Alcohol misuse is associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes, which presents a public health concern in veterans. However, less is known regarding outcomes among veterans with low to moderate alcohol consumption. This study included veterans with military service in Iraq and/or Afghanistan (N = 1083) who resided in the VA Mid-Atlantic region catchment area (North Carolina, Virginia, and parts of West Virginia). Participants completed a mailed survey that inquired about demographics, past-year alcohol consumption, self-rated physical health, and psychiatric symptoms...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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