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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774298/cystic-echinococcosis-in-marketed-offal-of-sheep-in-basrah-iraq-abattoir-based-survey-and-a-probabilistic-model-estimation-of-the-direct-economic-losses-due-to-hydatid-cyst
#1
Mohanad F Abdulhameed, Ihab Habib, Suzan A Al-Azizz, Ian Robertson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a highly endemic parasitic zoonosis in Iraq with substantial impacts on livestock productivity and human health. The objectives of this study were to study the abattoir-based occurrence of CE in marketed offal of sheep in Basrah province, Iraq, and to estimate, using a probabilistic modelling approach, the direct economic losses due to hydatid cysts. Based on detailed visual meat inspection, results from an active abattoir survey in this study revealed detection of hydatid cysts in 7...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773697/which-anthropometric-measures-best-indicate-type-2-diabetes-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-migrants-in-finland-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Natalia Skogberg, Tiina Laatikainen, Annamari Lundqvist, Eero Lilja, Tommi Härkänen, Päivikki Koponen
OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in detecting type 2 diabetes among Russian, Somali and Kurdish (born in Iraq/Iran) origin migrants and Finns. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study comparing health examination survey data of Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants (n=917) aged 30-64 years who took part in the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Survey with the general Finnish population in the Health 2011 Survey (n=887)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770962/factors-influencing-arab-nursing-students-attitudes-toward-climate-change-and-environmental-sustainability-and-their-inclusion-in-nursing-curricula
#3
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Rhea Faye D Felicilda-Reynaldo, Farhan Alshammari, Nahed Alquwez, Jerico G Alicante, Khamees B Obaid, Hanan Ebrahim Abd El Aziz Rady, Mohammad Qtait, John Paul Ben T Silang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors influencing the attitudes of Bachelor of Science in Nursing students toward climate change and environmental sustainability and the inclusion of these concepts in the nursing curricula of four Arab countries. METHOD: A convenience sample of 1,059 students from four Arab countries was surveyed using the Environmental Sustainability Attitudes in Nursing Survey-2 (SANS-2) questionnaire in this descriptive-comparative study. RESULTS: The majority of the respondents exhibited positive attitudes toward the five items of SANS-2, with "Environmental sustainability is an important issue for nursing" receiving the lowest mean score and "Issues about climate change should be included in the nursing curriculum" receiving the highest mean score...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769371/how-are-we-currently-training-and-maintaining-clinical-readiness-of-us-and-uk-military-surgeons-responsible-for-managing-head-face-and-neck-wounds-on-deployment
#4
John Breeze, J G Combes, J DuBose, D B Powers
INTRODUCTION: The conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan provided military surgeons from the USA and the UK with extensive experience into the management of injuries to the head, face and neck (HFN) from high energy bullets and explosive weaponry. The challenge is now to maintain the expertise in managing such injuries for future military deployments. METHODS: The manner in which each country approaches four parameters required for a surgeon to competently treat HFN wounds in deployed military environments was compared...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763433/injury-and-death-during-the-isis-occupation-of-mosul-and-its-liberation-results-from-a-40-cluster-household-survey
#5
Riyadh Lafta, Maha A Al-Nuaimi, Gilbert Burnham
BACKGROUND: Measurement of mortality and injury in conflict situations presents many challenges compared with stable situations. However, providing information is important to assess the impact of conflict on populations and to estimate humanitarian needs, both in the immediate and longer term. Mosul, Iraq's second largest city, was overrun by fighters of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) on June 4, 2014. In this study, we conducted household surveys to measure reported deaths, injuries, and kidnappings in Mosul, Iraq, both during the occupation of the city by fighters of ISIS and the months of Iraqi military action known as the liberation...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761354/stress-and-health-of-internally-displaced-female-yezidis-in-northern-iraq
#6
Pia Jäger
Burden and vulnerability factors after the genocide by ISIS accumulate to a high risk of health for displaced Yezidi women having survived or escaped the "ISIS" persecutions and massacres 2014. In May 2017, standardized interviews, including tests for the acquisition of healthrelated quality of life (SF12), stress (PSS10) and experienced trauma were performed with 29 and a medical anamnesis with 10 displaced female Yezidi in camps for internally displaced people (IDP) and unofficial settlements in Northern Iraq...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755807/assessing-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#7
Mohammadreza Masjedi, Elaheh Ainy, Faried Zayeri, Rogayeh Paydar
OBJECTIVES: This study conducted in 2016 aimed to assess the prevalence and incidence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A meta-analysis to evaluate the published research relating to asthma and COPD was conducted using data from 23 EMR Office (EMRO) countries and searching using the web of science, PubMed, SciVerse Scopus, Google scholar, and MEDLINE databases. The keywords entered were all EMRO countries (Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Islamic republic Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arab, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen republic, and Cyprus) and asthma OR chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) OR (chronic bronchitis)...
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753547/an-analysis-of-casualties-presenting-to-military-emergency-departments-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#8
Steven G Schauer, Jason F Naylor, Joshua J Oliver, Joseph K Maddry, Michael D April
BACKGROUND: During the past 17 years of conflict the deployed US military health care system has found new and innovative ways to reduce combat mortality down to the lowest case fatality rate in US history. There is currently a data dearth of emergency department (ED) care delivered in this setting. We seek to describe ED interventions in this setting. METHODS: We used a series of ED procedure codes to identify subjects within the Department of Defense Trauma Registry from January 2007 to August 2016...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749980/delayed-complications-and-long-term-management-of-sulfur-mustard-poisoning-recent-advances-by-iranian-researchers-part-i-of-ii
#9
REVIEW
Emadodin Darchini-Maragheh, Mahdi Balali-Mood
Chemical warfare agents are the most brutal weapons among the weapons of mass destruction. Sulfur mustard (SM) is a potent toxic alkylating agent known as "the King of the Battle Gases". SM has been the most widely used chemical weapon during the wars. It was widely used in World War I. Thereafter, it was extensively employed by the Iraqi troops against the Iranian military personnel and even civilians in the border cities of Iran and Iraq in the period between 1983 and 1988. Long-term incapacitating properties, significant environmental persistence, lack of an effective antidote, and relative ease of manufacturing have kept SM a potential agent for both terrorist and military uses...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745732/tattered-textures-of-kinship-the-effects-of-torture-among-iraqi-families-in-denmark
#10
Lotte Buch Segal
Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Denmark, primarily among Iraqi women and secondarily among Iraqi men who are either direct or indirect victims of torture, I explore how the memories of torture are distributed in the everyday lives of Danish families originating from Iraq. I argue that torture is folded into kin histories and the everyday work of bearing and resisting painful memories. Consequently, torture affects not only the mental and physical health of the singular survivor, but also the entire texture of kin relatedness around him or her, to the extent that kinship normativity may be disrupted...
May 10, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743939/review-of-attacks-on-health-care-facilities-in-six-conflicts-of-the-past-three-decades
#11
REVIEW
Carolyn Briody, Leonard Rubenstein, Les Roberts, Eamon Penney, William Keenan, Jeffrey Horbar
Background: In the ongoing conflicts of Syria and Yemen, there have been widespread reports of attacks on health care facilities and personnel. Tabulated evidence does suggest hospital bombings in Syria and Yemen are far higher than reported in other conflicts but it is unclear if this is a reporting artefact. Objective: This article examines attacks on health care facilities in conflicts in six middle- to high- income countries that have occurred over the past three decades to try and determine if attacks have become more common, and to assess the different methods used to collect data on attacks...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742577/surgical-management-of-the-recent-orbital-war-injury
#12
Safaa Riyadh, Saif Saadedeen Abdulrazaq, Ali Mhana Sabeeh Zirjawi
Maxillofacial trauma affects sensitive and essential functions for the human being such as smell, breathing, talking, and the most importantly the sight. Trauma to the orbit may cause a vision loss especially if this trauma yields a high kinetic energy like that encountered during wars. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes of the orbital war trauma, enriching the literature with the experience of the authors in this field. A total of 16 patients were injured, evacuated, and managed, between June 2014 and June 2017, from the fight between the Iraqi army and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in different areas of Iraq...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738009/serotonin-and-serotonin-transporter-levels-in-autistic-children
#13
Haidar A Abdulamir, Omar F Abdul-Rasheed, Emad A Abdulghani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the possible correlation between serotonin and serotonin transporter (SERT) with the autism severity and investigate the association between these parameters in autistic children to assess their possible role for diagnosis of autism severity. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was carried out in the Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq while the samples were taken from 60 male autistic children recruited to the Department of Pediatrics at Al-Sader Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq between November 2014 amd April 2015...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737931/rux-largely-restores-lungs-in-iraq-pm-exposed-mice-up-regulating-regulatory-t-cells-tregs
#14
David Lin, Jonathan Li, Rabail Razi, Niha Qamar, Laurie Levine, Thomas Zimmerman, Sayyed A Hamidi, Millicent Schmidt, Marc G Golightly, Todd Rueb, Andrea Harrington, Merrill Garnett, Frank Antonawich, Steven McClain, Courtney Cox, Po Hsuan Huang, Anthony M Szema
Background Military personnel post-deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan have noted new-onset respiratory illness. This study's primary objective was to further develop an animal model of Iraq Afghanistan War Lung Injury (IAW-LI) and to test a novel class of anti-injury drug called RuX. Methods Particulate Matter (PM) samples were obtained in Iraq then characterized by spectromicroscopy. C57BL/6 mice underwent orotracheal instillation with PM, followed by drinkable treatment with RuX. Lung histology, inspiratory capacity (FlexiVent), thymic/splenic regulatory T cell (Treg) number, and whole-lung genomics were analyzed...
May 8, 2018: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736354/morquio-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Kamleshun Ramphul, Stephanie G Mejias, Yogeshwaree Ramphul-Sicharam
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IV (MPS IV), also known as Morquio syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease. The main features include skeletal defects and possible cardiopulmonary complications. The cost of diagnosing and treating this condition is high, and treatment is not easily available everywhere. We present a case of Morquio syndrome seen in a seven-year-old male from Iraq with multiple skeletal deformities.
March 5, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734488/virtual-reality-exposure-versus-prolonged-exposure-for-ptsd-which-treatment-for-whom
#16
Aaron M Norr, Derek J Smolenski, Andrea C Katz, Albert A Rizzo, Barbara O Rothbaum, JoAnn Difede, Patricia Koenen-Woods, Mark A Reger, Greg M Reger
BACKGROUND: The majority of studies comparing active psychological treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) do not find significant differences at posttreatment. This was the case in a recent trial examining prolonged exposure (PE) and virtual reality exposure (VRE) among active-duty soldiers with combat-related PTSD. Matching individual patients to specific treatments provides a potential avenue to improve significantly the public health impact of effective treatments for PTSD...
May 7, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733897/effects-of-low-level-sarin-and-cyclosarin-exposure-on-hippocampal-microstructure-in-gulf-war-veterans
#17
Linda L Chao, Yu Zhang
In early March 1991, shortly after the end of the Gulf War (GW), a munitions dump was destroyed at Khamisiyah, Iraq. Later, in 1996, the dump was found to have contained the organophosphorus (OP) nerve agents sarin and cyclosarin. We previously reported evidence of smaller hippocampal volumes in GW veterans with predicted exposure to the Khamisiyah plume compared to unexposed GW veterans. To investigate whether these macroscopic hippocampal volume changes are accompanied by microstructural alterations in the hippocampus, the current study acquired diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI), T1-, and T2-weighted images from 170 GW veterans (mean age: 53 ± 7 years), 81 of whom had predicted exposure to the Khamisiyah plume according to Department of Defense (DOD) plume modeling...
May 4, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733396/trends-in-mental-health-outcomes-and-combat-exposure-among-us-marines-returning-from-iraq-afghanistan-or-other-deployments-2004-13
#18
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Alison Levin-Rector, Richard A Van Dorn, James Trudeau, Laurel L Hourani, Joel K Cartwright, Pamela K Lattimore
Background: As of 2015, more than 2.7 million US military Veterans have served in support of the Global War on Terror. The negative sequelae associated with deployment stressors and related traumas are well-documented. Although data on mental health issues are routinely collected from service members returning from deployment, these data have not been made publicly available, leaving researchers and clinicians to rely on convenience samples, outdated studies and small sample sizes. Methods: Population-based data of US Marines returning from deployment between 2004 and 2013 were analyzed, using the Post-Deployment Health Assessment...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732592/transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-in-peninsular-arab-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#19
Adekunle Adekile, Meaad Hassan, Akram Asbeutah, Mohamed Al-Hinai, Omar Trad, Nayef Farhan
OBJECTIVES: Transcranial Doppler ultrasound is used to identify patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) at risk for stroke. We performed transcranial Doppler studies in patients from 4 countries in the Arabian Peninsula (Kuwait, Oman, Iraq, and United Arab Emirates) to document the prevalence of abnormal transcranial Doppler findings. METHODS: The patients were recruited from outpatient clinics and studied in a steady state. Transcranial Doppler examinations were performed with standard equipment by experienced operators...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729228/the-impact-of-stigma-on-community-reintegration-of-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-well-being-of-their-caregivers
#20
Sean M Phelan, Lauren R Bangerter, Greta Friedemann-Sanchez, Kandace A Lackore, Megan A Morris, Courtney H Van Houtven, Kathleen F Carlson, Michelle van Ryn, Kristin J Harden, Joan M Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between perceived stigma and discrimination and caregiver strain, caregiver well-being, and patient community reintegration. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey study of 564 informal caregivers of Veterans of US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan who experienced traumatic brain injuries or polytrauma (TBI/PT). SETTING: Care settings of community dwelling former inpatients of any US Veterans Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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