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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629292/increased-blood-pressures-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Alireza Khoshdel, Farhad Avakh, Arash Rahmani
Objective Veterans of war affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to compare brachial and central blood pressures between veterans with PTSD and controls. Method In this case-control study on veterans of Iran-Iraq war, 50 veterans with PTSD and 50 veterans as controls were selected from an outpatient clinic and matched for age ±3 years. Exclusion criteria were malignancies, severe anatomical defects such as amputated extremities, history of PTSD before serving in war, comorbid psychiatric disorders other than anxiety or depressive disorders...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627921/risk-factors-for-concurrent-suicidal-ideation-and-violent-impulses-in-military-veterans
#2
Eric B Elbogen, H Ryan Wagner, Nathan A Kimbrel, Mira Brancu, Jennifer Naylor, Robert Graziano, Eric Crawford
Suicide and violence are significant problems in a subset of Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans. This study investigates how posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and resilience in veterans are associated with suicidal ideation and violent impulses while controlling for known covariates of both adverse outcomes. Structured clinical interviews were conducted of N = 2,543 Iraq/Afghanistan-era U.S. veterans. Compared with veterans denying suicidal ideation or violent impulses (n = 1,927), veterans endorsing both (n = 171) were more likely to meet diagnostic criteria for PTSD, report childhood abuse, combat exposure, physical pain symptoms, and drug misuse, and less likely to endorse self-direction/life purpose...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627910/at-home-partner-sleep-functioning-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#3
Katherine E Miller, Erin Koffel, Mark D Kramer, Christopher R Erbes, Paul A Arbisi, Melissa A Polusny
Although the negative effects of deployment on the health of military spouses have been studied, research on sleep disruptions remains limited. This study investigates trajectories of sleep complaints over the course of deployment and predictors of these changes among a cohort of at-home partners. Data were drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2) project, a prospective, longitudinal study of National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq/Kuwait (2011-2012) and their intimate partners...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622572/differential-predictive-value-of-ptsd-symptom-clusters-for-mental-health-care-among-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-following-ptsd-diagnosis
#4
Noelle B Smith, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak, Joan M Cook, Rani Hoff, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
OBJECTIVES: Veterans from the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan are being diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at high rates. This study examined characteristics associated with mental health service utilization, specifically psychotherapy, through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), in a large cohort of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans newly diagnosed with PTSD. METHOD: This study utilized national VA administrative data from Iraq and Afghanistan veterans following an initial diagnosis of PTSD and completed a self-report measure of PTSD symptoms between Fiscal Years 2008-2012 (N=52,456; 91...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622067/opioid-involved-overdose-among-male-afghanistan-iraq-era-u-s-military-veterans-a-multidimensional-perspective
#5
Alex S Bennett, Luther Elliott, Andrew Golub, Brett Wolfson-Stofko, Honoria Guarino
BACKGROUND: Mirroring nationwide trends in a broad range of U.S. populations, an alarming number of Afghanistan/Iraq-era U.S. Military veterans have experienced opioid-related overdoses. A growing body of research has examined the proximal behaviors that can precipitate an overdose; considerably less is known about more distal physiological, psychosocial and structural influences on these risk behaviors. OBJECTIVES: This study adopts a multidimensional approach to better understand opioid-related overdose among U...
June 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620774/-in-my-culture-we-don-t-know-anything-about-that-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#6
Christine Metusela, Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Alexandra Hawkey, Marina Morrow, Renu Narchal, Jane Estoesta, Melissa Monteiro
PURPOSE: Migrant and refugee women are at risk of negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes due to low utilisation of SRH services. SRH is shaped by socio-cultural factors which can act as barriers to knowledge and influence access to healthcare. Research is needed to examine constructions and experiences of SRH in non-English-speaking migrant and refugee women, across a range of cultural groups. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the constructions and experiences of SRH among recent migrant and refugee women living in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619545/blast-related-disinhibition-and-risk-seeking-in-mice-and-combat-veterans-potential-role-for-dysfunctional-phasic-dopamine-release
#7
A G Schindler, J S Meabon, K F Pagulayan, R C Hendrickson, K D Meeker, M Cline, G Li, C Sikkema, C W Wilkinson, D P Perl, M R Raskind, E R Peskind, J J Clark, D G Cook
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) caused by exposure to high explosives has been called the "signature injury" of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. There is a wide array of chronic neurological and behavioral symptoms associated with blast-induced mTBI. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we used a battlefield-relevant mouse model of blast-induced mTBI and in vivo fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) to investigate whether the mesolimbic dopamine system contributes to the mechanisms underlying blast-induced behavioral dysfunction...
June 12, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610192/intraspecific-variation-in-adult-i-uvitellina-i-i-iraquensis-i-dronen-ali-amp-al-amura-2013-cyclocoelidae-haematotrephinae-from-two-collection-sites-of-white-tailed-lapwing-i-vanellus-i-i-leucurus-i-lichtenstein-charadriiformes-charadriidae-in-iraq
#8
Norman O Dronen, Nothiala R Al-Kassar, Atheer H Ali, Mohanad F Abdulhameed, Basim H Abdullah, Sabeeh H Al-Mayah
A total of 19 white-tailed lapwing, Vanellus leucurus, were collected from Huwazah Marsh, north-eastern Basrah Province, Iraq from February to March and in October, 2011 (collection site #1) and 60 V. leucurus were collected from Al-Hammar Marshes, Thi-Qar Province, southern Iraq from July to November, 2012 (collection site #2), and examined for cyclocoelids. Nineteen Uvitellina iraquensis Dronen, Ali & Al-Amura, 2013 from site #1 and 17 specimens from site #2 were fixed with minimal compression for comparisons of morphological characteristics, measurements, morphometric percentages and morphometric ratios commonly used to distinguish species of cyclocoelids...
March 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609150/caffeine-use-in-military-personnel-with-ptsd-prevalence-and-impact-on-sleep
#9
Carmen P McLean, Laurie Zandberg, John D Roache, Hayley Fitzgerald, Kristi E Pruiksma, Daniel J Taylor, Katherine A Dondanville, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Alan L Peterson, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Caffeine use is highly prevalent among active duty military personnel and can be beneficial to performance in the short term. However, regular caffeine use has been found to contribute to sleep disturbances, which are elevated among the significant number of military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study is the first to examine caffeine use and its relationship with sleep disturbances in military personnel seeking treatment for PTSD. PARTICIPANTS: Active duty military personnel (N = 366) who had returned from deployments to Afghanistan or Iraq and were seeking treatment for PTSD...
June 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606462/growing-literature-but-limited-evidence-a-systematic-review-regarding-prebiotic-and-probiotic-interventions-for-those-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-or-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Lisa A Brenner, Kelly A Stearns-Yoder, Adam S Hoffberg, Molly E Penzenik, Amy J Starosta, Theresa D Hernández, Daniel A Hadidi, Christopher A Lowry
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is highly prevalent among a wide-range of populations, including civilians, military personnel, and Veterans. TBI sequelae may be further exacerbated by symptoms associated with frequently occurring co-morbid psychiatric conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is particularly true among the population of military personnel from recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan with a history of mild TBI (mTBI) and PTSD. The need for efficacious treatments for TBI and co-morbid PTSD is significant, and evidence-based interventions for these frequently co-occurring conditions are limited...
June 9, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599037/the-sole-provider-preparation-for-deployment-to-a-medically-austere-theater
#11
Paul Corso, Cristobal Mandry, Steven Reynolds
The combat focus of the US Military over the past 15 years has primarily centered on the Iraq and Afghanistan areas of operation (AOs). Thus, much human and financial capital has been dedicated to the creation of a robust medical infrastructure to support those operations. However, Special Operation Forces (SOF) are often called upon to deploy in much more medically austere AOs. SOF medical providers operating in such environments face significant challenges due to the diversity of medical threats, extremely limited access to medical resupply, a material shortage of casualty evacuation platforms, lack of medical facilities, and limited access to higher-level care providers...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599036/the-role-i-resuscitation-team-and-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta
#12
Andrew D Fisher, William A Teeter, Christopher B Cordova, Megan L Brenner, Michael P Szczepanski, Ethan A Miles, Joseph M Galante, Joseph J DuBose, Todd E Rasmussen
The medical advancements made during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have resulted in an unprecedented survival rate, yet there is still a significant number of deaths that were potentially survivable. Additionally, the ability to deliver casualties to definitive surgical care within the "golden hour" is diminishing in many areas of conflict. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has been implemented successfully in the hospital setting. REBOA may be a possible adjunct for the Role I and point-of-injury (POI) care to provide temporary control of noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) and junctional hemorrhage...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596801/tobacco-in-post-conflict-settings-the-case-of-iraq
#13
REVIEW
Zainab Hussain, Richard Sullivan
Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death in the world, claiming six million lives each year. Although smoking prevalence is decreasing in high-income countries, many low- and middle-income countries, particularly fragile and post-conflict nations such as Iraq, are still seeing prevalence rates rising. With the evidence of higher rates of nicotine dependence in conflict and post-conflict areas, the tobacco problem only becomes more difficult for Iraq, which finds itself involved in conflicts lasting years, if not decades...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590264/traumatic-brain-injury-sleep-quality-and-suicidal-ideation-in-iraq-afghanistan-era-veterans
#14
Bryann B DeBeer, Nathan A Kimbrel, Corina Mendoza, Dena Davidson, Eric C Meyer, Heidi La Bash, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that sleep quality mediates the association between traumatic brain injury (TBI) history and current suicidal ideation. Measures of TBI history, sleep quality, and suicidal ideation were administered to 130 Iraq/Afghanistan veterans. As expected, sleep quality mediated the effect of TBI history on current suicidal ideation (indirect effect, 0.0082; 95% confidence interval, 0.0019-0.0196), such that history of TBI was associated with worse sleep quality, which was, in turn, associated with increased suicidal ideation...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590209/psychodynamic-treatment-of-combat-veterans-with-ptsd-at-risk-for-suicide
#15
Herbert Hendin
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a condition associated with suicide in both military personnel and combat veterans. Most veterans with PTSD, however, are not at risk of suicide. The major factor distinguishing those who attempted or were preoccupied with suicide is persistent severe guilt over behavior in combat while emotionally out of control. A 12-session short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy, presented here, showed promise of success in dissipating the guilt from combat-related actions in veterans of the war in Vietnam...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589703/who-is-afraid-of-isis-isis-anxiety-and-its-correlates
#16
Yaakov Hoffman
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) is a relatively small organization, yet it wields its terror and media campaigns efficiently. Its presence has altered security measures in many western counties. In the current study, I assess anxiety of the ISIS threat and its correlates in a convenience sample of 1,007 adult Israelis (mean age = 29.61, SD = 7.16). Findings show that being female, a lower socioeconomic status, and having elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom levels were all associated with ISIS anxiety...
June 6, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588972/ethics-in-times-of-conflict-some-reflections-on-syria-in-the-backdrop-of-iraq
#17
Kasturi Sen, Hamid Hussain, Waleed Al-Faisal
Ethical challenges facing research and reporting from conflict-affected zones are well known; among them is the difficulty of finding reliable information; the tendency to take sides and define actors as either good or evil; the precarious security situation of residents and the ever-changing scenarios on the ground. We observed, however, that these challenges go unacknowledged in research and reporting on health state and on the health system from the conflict in Iraq and Syria, with the lines between science and journalistic reporting routinely blurred in the literature...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585514/consanguineous-marriages-among-iranian-mandaeans-living-in-south-west-iran
#18
Mostafa Saadat, Mahdis Zarghami
Several studies have indicated that consanguineous marriages (unions between biologically related persons) are associated with increased risk of autosomal recessive diseases and several multifactorial traits. Mandaeans are a closed ethno-religious community living in areas of southern Iraq and Iran (Khuzestan Province). There are currently no data on the prevalence of consanguineous marriages among Mandaeans. The present study was carried out in 2016 to determine the prevalence of consanguinity among Iranian Mandaeans living in Khuzestan Province, south-west Iran...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583417/extremity-injuries-sustained-by-the-uk-military-in-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-conflicts-2003-2014
#19
Henry Chandler, Kirsty MacLeod, Jowan G Penn-Barwell
INTRODUCTION: Extremity injuries predominate in warfare, however their nature, and overall burden to the individual and the health service is yet to be characterised for the UK military in the recent conflicts of Iraq and Afghanistan. METHODS: We reviewed the all extremity injuries in survivors from the Joint Theatre Trauma Registry (JTTR) between 2003 and 2014. All cases recorded in the JTTR between the invasion of Iraq on the 19th March 2003 and cessation of combat operations in Afghanistan on the 27th October 2014, were examined...
May 17, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579519/contributions-of-polygenic-risk-for-obesity-to-ptsd-related-metabolic-syndrome-and-cortical-thickness
#20
Erika J Wolf, Danielle R Miller, Mark W Logue, Jennifer Sumner, Tawni B Stoop, Elizabeth C Leritz, Jasmeet P Hayes, Annjanette Stone, Steven A Schichman, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Mark W Miller
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and that PTSD-associated MetS is related to decreased cortical thickness. However, the role of genetic factors in these associations is unclear. This study evaluated contributions of polygenic obesity risk and PTSD to MetS and of MetS and polygenic obesity risk to cortical thickness. METHODS: 196 white, non-Hispanic veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan underwent clinical diagnostic interviews, physiological assessments, and genome-wide genotyping; 168 also completed magnetic resonance imaging scans...
June 1, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
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