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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817197/estimating-seroprevalence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-among-different-middle-east-and-north-african-male-populations-residing-in-qatar
#1
Gheyath K Nasrallah, Soha R Dargham, Layla I Mohammed, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: HSV-1 epidemiology in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) remains poorly understood. Our study aimed to measure HSV-1 antibody prevalence (seroprevalence) and its age-distribution among select MENA populations residing in Qatar. METHODS: Sera were collected from male blood donors attending Hamad Medical Corporation 2013-2015. A total of 2,077 sera were tested for anti-HSV-1 antibodies using HerpeSelect® 1 ELISA IgG kits (Focus Diagnostics, USA)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813423/health-needs-and-care-seeking-behaviours-of-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#2
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: During the summer of 2014, ISIS overran Nineveh governorate in Northern Iraq. Yazidis and other religious minorities were subjected to brutal attacks and forced to seek refuge into the neighbouring Kurdistan Region, where they remain living in local communities or in camps. This survey provides a population-based assessment of the health needs and care seeking behaviours of Yazidis and other groups currently residing in camps. METHODS: The survey covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810998/delayed-diagnosis-of-acromegaly-in-the-context-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-symptoms-mimicking-known-psychotropic-medication-side-effects
#3
Ray-Bernard Portier, Afshin Afarin, Sara Pope
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is caused by elevated secretion of human growth hormone, which is frequently because of intracranial tumors. This diagnosis is fairly uncommon with an incidence of 3 to 4 cases per million patients per year. We are presenting a case of acromegaly diagnosed in an active duty Chief Petty Officer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-year-old male Chief Petty Officer with no previous mental health diagnosis experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like symptoms in early 2012 after deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan from 2010 to 2011...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810962/association-between-alcohol-craving-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-veterans-with-co-occurring-conditions
#5
Amy A Herrold, Theresa L-B Pape, Xue Li, Neil Jordan
BACKGROUND: Probable alcohol use disorder (AUD), mental health disorders (MHDs), and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are endemic among U.S. Veterans of the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Previous research demonstrates that recent Veterans with AUD and MHD both with and without mTBI (MHD ± mTBI) self-report higher alcohol craving levels relative to Veterans with AUD only. Since it is unknown if alcohol craving negatively impacts health-related quality of life (HRQOL), the purpose of this study is to identify and describe the relationship between alcohol craving and HRQOL for recent Veterans with AUD alone and those with AUD and co-occurring conditions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808856/validation-of-veterans-affairs-electronic-medical-record-smoking-data-among-iraq-and-afghanistan-era-veterans
#6
Patrick S Calhoun, Sarah M Wilson, Jeffrey S Hertzberg, Angela C Kirby, Scott D McDonald, Paul A Dennis, Lori A Bastian, Eric A Dedert, Jean C Beckham
BACKGROUND: Research using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) electronic medical records (EMR) has been limited by a lack of reliable smoking data. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of using VA EMR "Health Factors" data to determine smoking status among veterans with recent military service. DESIGN: Sensitivity, specificity, area under the receiver-operating curve (AUC), and kappa statistics were used to evaluate concordance between VA EMR smoking status and criterion smoking status...
August 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808379/screening-of-fruits-of-seven-plants-indicated-for-medicinal-use-in-iraq
#7
Omar Aldulaimi
INTRODUCTION: Coumarins exert many biological effects in humans, animals, and plants, which make the evaluation of their biological activities and study of their role in ethnomedicine highly valued. OBJECTIVES: Here, we selected seven plants which have ethnopharmacological use as antimicrobial in Iraq and the aims were to quantify the two structural isomers bergapten and methoxsalen in their seeds, to evaluate the antibacterial activities against several clinical isolates, and to isolate bergapten and methoxsalen from Ammi majus...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807499/making-the-hard-decisions-ethical-care-decisions-in-wartime-nursing-practice
#8
Janice Agazio, Petra Goodman
BACKGROUND: Codes of ethics set forth standards of ethical conduct for nurses. However, nurses involved in wartime operations, or disasters, may often have their moral compass challenged by the patient care decisions necessary under adverse conditions. Reverse triage, resource allocation, and promotion of patient autonomy present multiple challenges to meeting commonly applied ethical principles. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use the International Council of Nursing code of ethics as a framework to organize the ethical issues emerging from wartime nursing...
June 30, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806374/long-acting-reversible-contraception-among-homeless-women-veterans-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Lori M Gawron, Andrew Redd, Ying Suo, Warren Pettey, David K Turok, Adi V Gundlapalli
BACKGROUND: US women Veterans are at increased risk of homelessness and chronic health conditions associated with unintended pregnancy. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provision of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) can assist in healthy pregnancy planning. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perinatal risk factors and LARC exposure in ever-homeless women Veterans. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of women Veterans using VHA administrative data from fiscal years 2002-2015...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806368/increased-health-care-utilization-and-costs-among-veterans-with-a-positive-screen-for-military-sexual-trauma
#10
Emily Brignone, Adi V Gundlapalli, Rebecca K Blais, Rachel Kimerling, Tyson S Barrett, Richard E Nelson, Marjorie E Carter, Matthew H Samore, Jamison D Fargo
BACKGROUND: The effects of sexual trauma on long-term health care utilization and costs are not well understood due to infrequent documentation of sexual trauma history in health care systems. The Veteran's Health Administration provides a unique opportunity to address this constraint as sexual trauma is actively screened for as part of routine care. METHODS: We used a retrospective cohort design to analyze Veteran's Health Administration mental health and medical service utilization and costs as a function of a positive screen for exposure to military sexual trauma (MST) among Veterans of recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782542/supported-employment-for-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-patient-perspectives
#11
Kathleen F Carlson, Terri K Pogoda, Tess Gilbert, Sandra G Resnick, Elizabeth Twamley, Maya E O'Neil, Nina A Sayer
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the need for, and interest in, Supported Employment (SE) among recent military Veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to examine characteristics associated with Veterans' interest in SE. DESIGN: Stratified random sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans confirmed to have TBI through the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) screening and evaluation system. SETTING: Community-based via mailed survey. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 1,800 Veterans with clinician-confirmed TBI (1,080 mild TBI; 720 moderate/severe TBI) through multiple mailings...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780478/trends-in-brain-cancer-mortality-among-u-s-gulf-war-veterans-21-year-follow-up
#12
Shannon K Barth, Erin K Dursa, Robert M Bossarte, Aaron I Schneiderman
OBJECTIVE: Previous mortality studies of U.S. Gulf War veterans through 2000 and 2004 have shown an increased risk of brain cancer mortality among some deployed individuals. When veterans possibly exposed to environmental contaminants associated with demolition of the Khamisiyah Ammunition Storage Facility at Khamisiyah, Iraq, have been compared to contemporaneously deployed unexposed veterans, the results have suggested increased risk for mortality from brain cancer among the exposed...
August 3, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776251/intentional-injuries-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#13
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773872/a-modelling-study-for-predicting-life-of-downhole-tubes-considering-service-environmental-parameters-and-stress
#14
Tianliang Zhao, Zhiyong Liu, Cuiwei Du, Jianpeng Hu, Xiaogang Li
A modelling effort was made to try to predict the life of downhole tubes or casings, synthetically considering the effect of service influencing factors on corrosion rate. Based on the discussed corrosion mechanism and corrosion processes of downhole tubes, a mathematic model was established. For downhole tubes, the influencing factors are environmental parameters and stress, which vary with service duration. Stress and the environmental parameters including water content, partial pressure of H₂S and CO₂, pH value, total pressure and temperature, were considered to be time-dependent...
September 2, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769669/overview-and-new-records-of-the-species-of-the-tribes-dyschiriini-and-clivinini-from-iraq-coleoptera-carabidae-scaritinae
#15
Petr Bulirsch, Mieczysław Stachowiak
The genera Clivinopsis Bedel 1895 and Torretassoa Schatzmayr & Koch 1933 have been recorded in Iraq for the first time. New records of several species of Dyschirius Bonelli 1810 Dyschiriodes Jeannel 1941 (Dyschiriini W. Kolbe 1880) and Clivina Latreille 1802 (Clivinini Rafinesque 1815) are given. The identification key to the species of Dyschiriini from Iraq is provided.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764582/how-drone-strikes-and-a-fake-vaccination-program-have-inhibited-polio-eradication-in-pakistan-an-analysis-of-national-level-data
#16
Jonathan Kennedy
This article investigates whether the United States' counterinsurgency operations have inhibited polio eradication efforts in northwestern Pakistan, the world's last major reservoir of polio. Anecdotal evidence suggests that militants disrupt polio vaccination programs because of suspicions that campaigns are a cover for gathering intelligence on Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) drone targets. This paper analyzes national-level quantitative data to test this argument. Between 2004 and 2012, the number of polio cases in Pakistan closely mirrored the number of drone strikes...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763565/resilience-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-national-guard-soldiers-deployed-to-iraq-a-prospective-study-of-latent-class-trajectories-and-their-predictors
#17
Melissa A Polusny, Christopher R Erbes, Mark D Kramer, Paul Thuras, Dave DeGarmo, Erin Koffel, Brett Litz, Paul A Arbisi
This study examined the prospective course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a cohort of National Guard soldiers (N = 522) deployed to combat operations in Iraq. Participants were assessed 4 times: 1 month before deployment, 2-3 months after returning from deployment, 1 year later, and 2 years postdeployment. Growth mixture modeling revealed 3 distinct trajectories: low-stable symptoms, resilient, 76.4%; new-onset symptoms, 14.2%; and chronic distress, 9.4%. Relative to the resilient class, membership in both the new-onset symptoms and chronic distress trajectory classes was predicted by negative emotionality/neuroticism, odds ratios (ORs) = 1...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760165/diagnostic-imaging-in-disasters-a-bibliometric-analysis
#18
Bo Gong, Mohammed F Mohammed, Savvas Nicolaou, Muazzam Nasrullah, Bruce B Forster, Faisal Khosa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of diagnostic imaging in the clinical diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up management of patients in response to disasters. METHODS: A MEDLINE (OVID) search of original research articles identified 177 articles on this topic published since 2000. A bibliometric analysis was conducted on the top 100 articles ranked by average yearly citation. RESULTS: The most frequently studied disaster categories were disease outbreak (55 articles), armed conflict (23 articles), terrorist incident (10 articles), and earthquake (7 articles)...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755387/bdnf-genotype-is-associated-with-hippocampal-volume-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
J P Hayes, A Reagan, M W Logue, S M Hayes, N Sadeh, D R Miller, M Verfaellie, E J Wolf, R E McGlinchey, W P Milberg, A Stone, S A Schichman, M W Miller
The negative long-term effects of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) have been a growing concern in recent years, with accumulating evidence suggesting that mTBI combined with additional vulnerability factors may induce neurodegenerative-type changes in the brain. However, the factors instantiating risk for neurodegenerative disease following mTBI are unknown. This study examined the link between mTBI and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genotype, which has previously been shown to regulate processes involved in neurodegeneration including synaptic plasticity and facilitation of neural survival through its expression...
July 28, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748326/the-factor-structure-of-the-spiritual-well-being-scale-in-veterans-experienced-chemical-weapon-exposure
#20
Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Christopher Boyle, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Bahram Tahmasbi, G Hussein Rassool, Mozhgan Taebei, Mohammad Ali Soleimani
This study aimed to determine the factor structure of the spiritual well-being among a sample of the Iranian veterans. In this methodological research, 211 male veterans of Iran-Iraq warfare completed the Paloutzian and Ellison spiritual well-being scale. Maximum likelihood (ML) with oblique rotation was used to assess domain structure of the spiritual well-being. The construct validity of the scale was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Reliability was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha, Theta (θ), and McDonald Omega (Ω) coefficients, intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), and construct reliability (CR)...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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