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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145277/tricho-hepato-enteric-syndrome-with-novel-skiv2l-gene-mutations-a-case-report
#1
Eitaro Hiejima, Takahiro Yasumi, Hiroshi Nakase, Minoru Matsuura, Yusuke Honzawa, Hirokazu Higuchi, Ikuo Okafuji, Tohru Yorifuji, Takayuki Tanaka, Kazushi Izawa, Tomoki Kawai, Ryuta Nishikomori, Toshio Heike
RATIONALE: Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (THES) is a rare disorder caused by mutations in the TTC37 or SKIV2L genes and characterized by chronic diarrhea, liver disease, hair abnormalities, and high mortality in early childhood due to severe infection or liver cirrhosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient is the second child of three siblings born to non-consanguineous healthy Japanese parents. She had intrauterine growth retardation and was delivered at 33 weeks of gestation due to placental abruption...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143690/standardisation-of-the-japanese-diet-for-use-in-animal-experiments
#2
Saeko Sugawara, Yui Mizowaki, Yui Iwagaki, Yu Sakamoto, Kazushi Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki
The aim of this study was to develop a purified diet that mimics the characteristics of the Japanese diet using readily available materials with a simpler composition and a focus on quality, with the goal of facilitating performance of studies on the Japanese diet worldwide. The utility of the new diet was examined as a mimic of the standard Japanese diet for use in animal experiments. We examined whether a key characteristic of the Japanese diet of being less likely to cause obesity could be reproduced. The mimic diet had a balance of protein, fat and carbohydrate based on the 1975 Japanese diet, which is the least likely to cause obesity, and materials chosen with reference to the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS)...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109757/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-ajuga-decumbens-extract-supplement-in-individuals-with-knee-discomfort-associated-with-physical-activity-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#3
Yoko Sawada, Atsushi Sugimoto, Takehito Hananouchi, Norimasa Sato, Isao Nagaoka
The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of the oral administration of Ajuga decumbens extract (ADE) supplement to individuals with knee discomfort associated with physical activity. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted using 48 subjects. The subjects were randomly allocated to an ADE diet group (oral administration of ADE-containing diet, n=24) or a placebo group (n=24), and the intervention was conducted for 12 weeks. A total of 22 subjects in the placebo group and 22 subjects in the ADE diet group were assessed to be eligible for assessment of the efficacy of supplement...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098543/effect-of-chromium-nanoparticles-on-physiological-stress-induced-by-exogenous-dexamethasone-in-japanese-quails
#4
Atefeh Berenjian, Seyed Davood Sharifi, Abdollah Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh, Shekofeh Ghazanfari
Chromium (Cr), as an essential trace element, plays a critical role in carbohydrate, protein, and lipid metabolism in animals. It has been suggested that the beneficial effects of Cr increase by environmental stresses, which lead to greater Cr effects on stressed animals. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the response of physiologically stressed Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica) to dietary chromium nanoparticle (Nano-Cr) supplementation. The stress was induced by adding dexamethasone (0.6 mg/kg BW) to Japanese quails' diet from 17 to 22 days of age...
November 2, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079983/improving-growth-performance-and-health-status-of-meat-type-quail-by-supplementing-the-diet-with-black-cumin-cold-pressed-oil-as-a-natural-alternative-for-antibiotics
#5
Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Samir A Mahgoub, Mohamed M A Hussein, Islam M Saadeldin
Using antibiotics in poultry diets as growth promoters was reported to have harmful effects on consumers, so the current study was done to monitor the impact of dietary supplementation of antimicrobial black cumin oil (BCO) on carcass traits, growth performance, biochemical components, and ileal microbial populations of growing Japanese quails. Three hundred growing Japanese quails were used with three different treatments (0, 0.50, and 1.0 g BCO/g diet). Birds fed diet supplemented with 0.5 g BCO/kg diet showed significant increase in body weight comparing with the control and other treatment group...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077959/performance-and-serum-biochemical-profile-of-japanese-quail-supplemented-with-silymarin-and-contaminated-with-aflatoxin-b1
#6
M I Sakamoto, A E Murakami, A M Fernandes, I C Ospina-Rojas, K C Nunes, A K Hirata
The aim of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of silymarin in diets contaminated or not with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on the productive performance and serum biochemical profile of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in the laying phase. A total of 240 12-week-old Japanese quail was used in a completely randomized design in a 3 × 2 factorial scheme (additives x contaminated or not with AFB1 - 1,500 μg/kg), totaling 6 treatments and 5 replicates of 8 birds each. The additives used were silymarin (500 g/ton), adsorbent (1 kg/ton), and a control diet (without additive)...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072374/2-hydroxy-4-methylthio-butanoic-acid-and-dl-methionine-for-japanese-quails-in-production
#7
D V G Vieira, F G P Costa, M R Lima, J G de V Júnior, T P Bonaparte, D T Cavalcante
An experiment was performed using 1,000 laying Japanese quails to assess the availability of two alternative dietary methionine sources. Treatment 01 = Basal Feed that is deficient in digestible methionine + cystine (Met + Cys). The other treatments were constituted by Met + Cys levels of 0.8, 1.60 and 2.40 g/kg, supplemented with DL-Methionine-99%, HMTBA-88% and HMTBA-84%, being 10 treatments in total. The following characteristics were studied: feed intake (g/bird/day), egg production (egg/day × 100), egg weight (g/egg), egg mass (g/egg), feed conversion per egg dozen (kg feed/dozen eggs), feed conversion per egg mass (kg feed/kg eggs), relative yolk weight (g/100 g of egg), relative albumen weight (g/100 g of egg), relative shell weight (g/100 g of egg), shell thickness (mm) and specific gravity (g/cm(3) )...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063379/dietary-patterns-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
M Carolina Archundia Herrera, Fatheema B Subhan, Catherine B Chan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary objective of this review is to identify dietary patterns with beneficial effects on cardiovascular health of adults with type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing globally. People with diabetes have a greater risk for cardiovascular disease. Mediterranean diet, dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet, vegetarian diet, traditional Korean diet, Japanese diet, and low-glycemic-index diet can reduce cardiovascular disease risk in people with diabetes...
October 23, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053741/the-importance-of-propolis-in-alleviating-the-negative-physiological-effects-of-heat-stress-in-quail-chicks
#9
Gamal M K Mehaisen, Rania M Ibrahim, Adel A Desoky, Hosam M Safaa, Osama A El-Sayed, Ahmed O Abass
Heat stress is one of the most detrimental confrontations in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, causing considerable economic losses in poultry production. Propolis, a resinous product of worker honeybees, possesses several biological activities that could be used to alleviate the deleterious effects of high environmental temperature on poultry production. The current study was aimed at evaluating the effects of propolis supplementation to Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) diets on the production performance, intestinal histomorphology, relative physiological and immunological parameters, and selected gene expression under heat stress conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052905/metabolic-changes-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-during-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Koji Mitsuzuka, Yoichi Arai
Androgen deprivation therapy continues to be widely used for the treatment of prostate cancer despite the appearance of new-generation androgen-receptor targeting drugs after 2000. Androgen deprivation therapy can alleviate symptoms in patients with metastatic prostate cancer and might have a survival benefit in some patients, but it causes undesirable changes in lipid, glucose, muscle or bone metabolism. These metabolic changes could lead to new onset or worsening of diseases, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, sarcopenia or fracture...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040839/effects-of-the-dietary-carbohydrate-fat-ratio-on-plasma-phosphatidylcholine-profiles-in-human-and-mouse
#11
Mizuki Inoue, Nanami Senoo, Tomoki Sato, Yuri Nishimura, Takumi Nakagawa, Noriyuki Miyoshi, Toshinao Goda, Akihito Morita, Shinji Miura
Phosphatidylcholines (PCs), a major class of human plasma phospholipids, are composed of highly diverse fatty acids. Because the dietary carbohydrate-fat ratio alters the hepatic fatty acid metabolism, plasma fatty acids that bind PCs, which are secreted as lipoproteins from the liver, may be affected by long-term consumption of a high-carbohydrate diet or a high-fat diet. Therefore, in this study, we profiled the plasma PC species comprehensively in formulated dieting conditions to identify those phospholipid molecules that reflect the dietary carbohydrate-fat ratio...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038014/effects-of-lignins-as-diet-components-on-the-physiological-activities-of-a-lower-termite-coptotermes-formosanus-shiraki
#12
Didi Tarmadi, Tsuyoshi Yoshimura, Yuki Tobimatsu, Masaomi Yamamura, Toshiaki Umezawa
We investigated the effects of lignins as diet components on the physiological activities of a lower termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki. Artificial diets composed of polysaccharides with and without purified lignins (milled-wood lignins) from Japanese cedar (softwood), Japanese beech (hardwood), and rice (grass), were fed to C. formosanus workers. The survival and body mass of the workers as well as the presence of three symbiotic protists in the hindguts of the workers were then periodically examined...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029761/multiple-effects-of-a-gracilaria-vermiculophylla-invasion-on-estuarine-mudflat-functioning-and-diversity
#13
D Davoult, G Surget, V Stiger-Pouvreau, F Noisette, P Riera, D Stagnol, T Androuin, N Poupart
The invasive Japanese seaweed Gracilaria vermiculophylla has become established over the past several years in numerous European estuaries, from Portugal to Norway. In the Faou estuary (48.295°N-4.179°W, Brittany, France), it forms a dense population at the mud's surface. The effects of G. vermiculophylla on metabolism, diversity, and the food web were studied. Community gross primary production (GPP) and respiration (CR) during emersion, chlorophyll-a content, macrofaunal and meiofaunal diversity and abundance, and stable isotopes (δ(13)C and δ(15)N) of representative macrofaunal species and main food sources were measured at low tide in winter, spring, summer 2014, and winter 2015...
October 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020089/correction-soy-and-fish-as-features-of-the-japanese-diet-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks
#14
Yukio Yamori, Miki Sagara, Yoshimi Arai, Hitomi Kobayashi, Kazumi Kishimoto, Ikuko Matsuno, Hideki Mori, Mari Mori
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176039.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988567/sfa-intake-among-japanese-schoolchildren-current-status-and-possible-intervention-to-prevent-excess-intake
#15
Keiko Asakura, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: Although a high intake of fat, particularly SFA, is a well-known risk factor for CVD, fat intake in Japan has attracted relatively little attention from health professionals to date due to the low intake in the Japanese population. However, recent surveys have shown an increase in fat intake in younger Japanese populations. Here, we described the fat intake and dietary sources of SFA in Japanese schoolchildren. Also, we experimentally exchanged a high-SFA food with a low-SFA substitute in the data, and calculated the resulting changes in nutrient intakes...
October 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986922/estimation-of-lysine-requirements-for-growing-japanese-quails
#16
S Hasanvand, M Mehri, F Bagherzadeh-Kasmani, M Asghari-Moghadam
This study was conducted to estimate the lysine requirements of growing meat-type Japanese quails based on different growth responses using different regression models. Experimental treatments including five doses of dietary lysine (9.40, 10.9, 12.4, 13.9 and 15.4 g/kg of diet) were used in a dose-response platform from 7 to 21 day of age. A total of 375, 7-day old quail chicks were randomly allotted to one of five dietary treatments with five replicate pens and 15 birds per pen. Performance traits including feed intake (FI), weight gain (G) and feed:gain (F:G) and carcass criteria including dressing (DRS), breast meat yield (BMY) and leg meat yield (LMY) were measured and used to fit several models (e...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985324/protective-effects-of-japanese-soybean-paste-miso-on-stroke-in-stroke-prone-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-shrsp
#17
Hiromitsu Watanabe, Megumi Sasatani, Toshiki Doi, Takao Masaki, Kenichi Satoh, Masao Yoshizumi
BACKGROUND AND HYPOSESIS: Soybean isoflavones have been shown to reduce the risk of cerebral infarction in humans according to epidemiological studies. However, whether intake of miso can reduce the incidence of stroke in animal models remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of soybean paste (miso) in an animal model of stroke. METHODS: Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) were fed a miso diet (normal diet 90%, miso 10%; final NaCl content 2...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980890/macronutrient-intakes-and-serum-oestrogen-and-interaction-with-polymorphisms-in-cyp19a1-and-hsd17b1-genes-a-cross-sectional-study-in-postmenopausal-japanese-women
#18
Sahoko Takagi, Mariko Naito, Sayo Kawai, Rieko Okada, Chisato Nagata, Satoyo Hosono, Yuichiro Nishida, Naoyuki Takashima, Sadao Suzuki, Ippei Shimoshikiryo, Haruo Mikami, Hirokazu Uemura, Nagato Kuriyama, Keizo Ohnaka, Michiaki Kubo, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Hideo Tanaka, Kenji Wakai
Although higher circulating levels of oestrogen are related to postmenopausal breast cancer risk, limited information is available regarding effects of diet on endogenous oestrogen. Thus, we examined associations between macronutrient intakes and serum oestrogen with consideration of polymorphisms in oestrogen-metabolising genes. In this cross-sectional study, 784 naturally menopaused Japanese women aged 47-69 years were selected from participants of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976822/accelerating-regenerative-medicine-the-japanese-experiment-in-ethics-and-regulation
#19
Tamra Lysaght
In 2014, the Japanese National Diet introduced new laws aimed at promoting the clinical translation of stem cells and regenerative medicine. The basic action of these laws is to allow the early introduction of regenerative medicine products into the Japanese market through an accelerated approval process, while providing patients with access to certain types of stem cell and cell-based therapies in the context of private clinical practice. While this framework appears to offer enormous opportunities for the translation of stem cell science, it raises ethical challenges that have not yet been fully explored...
September 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968452/mediators-of-the-effects-of-rice-intake-on-health-in-individuals-consuming-a-traditional-japanese-diet-centered-on-rice
#20
Minori Koga, Atsuhito Toyomaki, Akane Miyazaki, Yukiei Nakai, Atsuko Yamaguchi, Chizuru Kubo, Junko Suzuki, Iwao Ohkubo, Mari Shimizu, Manabu Musashi, Yoshinobu Kiso, Ichiro Kusumi
Although the Japanese diet is believed to be balanced and healthy, its benefits have been poorly investigated, especially in terms of effects on mental health. We investigated dietary patterns and physical and mental health in the Japanese population using an epidemiological survey to determine the health benefits of the traditional Japanese diet. Questionnaires to assess dietary habits, quality of life, sleep quality, impulsivity, and depression severity were distributed to 550 randomly selected middle-aged and elderly individuals...
2017: PloS One
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