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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769748/comparative-ecologic-relationships-of-saturated-fat-sucrose-food-groups-and-a-mediterranean-food-pattern-score-to-50-year-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-among-16-cohorts-of-the-seven-countries-study
#1
Daan Kromhout, Alessandro Menotti, Adalberta Alberti-Fidanza, Paolo Emilio Puddu, Peter Hollman, Anthony Kafatos, Hanna Tolonen, Hisashi Adachi, David R Jacobs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We studied the ecologic relationships of food groups, macronutrients, eating patterns, and an a priori food pattern score (Mediterranean Adequacy Index: MAI) with long-term CHD mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sixteen cohorts (12,763 men aged 40-59 years) were enrolled in the 1960s in seven countries (US, Finland, The Netherlands, Italy, Greece, former Yugoslavia: Croatia/Serbia, Japan). Dietary surveys were carried out at baseline and only in a subsample of each cohort...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768343/potential-common-factors-associated-with-predisposition-to-common-cold-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
Michi Shibata, Taizo Iwane, Ryoko Higuchi, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
People worldwide frequently catch a common cold, which occasionally develops into secondary severe conditions such as pneumonia. However, it is unclear whether predisposition to the common cold is associated with the individual's characteristics including age, body weight, lifestyles, diets, and intestinal functions, besides exposure to a responsible pathogen. We addressed this issue epidemiologically considering many relevant clinical factors.We reviewed data from a cross-sectional study consisting of 39,524 apparently healthy Japanese aged 40 to 79 years (26,975 men and 12,549 women) who underwent a checkup in 2007...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766463/predictive-factors-for-the-outcomes-of-initial-i-131-low-dose-ablation-therapy-to-japanese-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#3
Shinji Ito, Shingo Iwano, Katsuhiko Kato, Shinji Naganawa
OBJECTIVE: To identify prognostic factors associated with a low-iodine diet (LID) and the amount of remnant thyroid tissue in Japanese patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) who received initial I-131 remnant ablation (RAI) using a fixed low dose of I-131 (1110 MBq). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we enrolled 45 patients. Patients were classified into a self-managed LID group and a strict LID group. We measured the urinary iodine concentration on the day of RAI after patients consumed LID for 2 weeks...
May 15, 2018: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758304/effects-of-behavioral-counseling-on-cardiometabolic-biomarkers-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-japanese-national-database
#4
Nayu Ikeda, Nobuo Nishi, Motohiko Miyachi
In Japan, health insurers are obliged to conduct Specific Health Checkup (SHC) for middle-aged and elderly persons. High-risk persons are referred to Specific Health Guidance (SHG) to receive behavioral counseling based on individual action plans including targets for modification of daily energy balance through diet and physical activity. Using individual-level observational data, we examined the effects of diet and physical activity counseling on cardiometabolic biomarkers across the country. Subjects were 363,440 high-risk persons aged 40-64 who participated in intensive support in SHG for ≥3 months between April 2008 and March 2012...
May 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757949/effects-of-dietary-intake-of-japanese-mushrooms-on-visceral-fat-accumulation-and-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#5
Takamitsu Shimizu, Koichiro Mori, Kenji Ouchi, Mamoru Kushida, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki
A lot of Japanese people are generally known for having a healthy diet, and consume a variety of mushrooms daily. Many studies have reported anti-obesity effects of mushrooms, but few have investigated the effects of consuming a variety of edible mushroom types together in realistic quantities. In this study, we investigated whether supplementation with a variety of mushroom types affects visceral fat accumulation and gut microbiota in mice. The most popular mushroom varieties in Japan were lyophilized and mixed according to their local production ratios...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751622/dietary-differences-in-male-workers-among-smaller-occupational-groups-within-large-occupational-categories-findings-from-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs
#6
Rie Tanaka, Mayumi Tsuji, Ayako Senju, Koichi Kusuhara, Toshihiro Kawamoto
Studies examining workers' diet according to smaller occupational groups within "large occupational categories" are sparse. The aim of this study was to examine the potential differences in workers' diets based on the classification of workers into smaller occupational groups that comprise "large occupational categories". The subjects of this study were working fathers who had participated in the Japan Environment and Children's Study (N = 38,656). Energy and nutrient intake were calculated based on data collected from the Food Frequency Questionnaire...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744822/study-protocol-for-the-initial-choice-of-dpp-4-inhibitor-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-effect-of-linagliptin-on-qol-intel-qol-trial
#7
Tomoya Mita, Toru Hiyoshi, Hidenori Yoshii, Hiroko Chimori, Kazuo Ikeda, Junko Sato, Hirotaka Watada
INTRODUCTION: Consideration of treatment-related quality of life (QOL) is important in diabetes management. However, no studies have compared the influence of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors versus metformin on treatment-related QOL when used as first-line therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study is a prospective, randomized, open-label, multicenter, parallel-group, comparative study. Between June 2016 and December 2017, 44 participants who failed to achieve glycemic control despite diet and exercise therapy were recruited at 14 clinics and randomly allocated to linagliptin or metformin therapy...
May 9, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743495/chronic-stress-of-high-dietary-carbohydrate-level-causes-inflammation-and-influences-glucose-transport-through-socs3-in-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#8
Kangyu Deng, Mingzhu Pan, Jiahuan Liu, Mengxi Yang, Zhixiang Gu, Yue Zhang, Guangxia Liu, Dong Liu, Wenbing Zhang, Kangsen Mai
Carnivorous fish is thought to be high-glucose intolerance. But the reasons were still unclear. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of high level of dietary carbohydrate on the survival, growth and immune responses of Paralichthys olivaceus, and the underlying molecular mechanism related to the immune and glucose metabolism. P. olivaceus were fed with 8%, 16% and 24% of dietary carbohydrate for 10 weeks, respectively. After that, a glucose tolerance test (GTT) was conducted. Results showed that excessive (24%) dietary carbohydrate significantly decreased the growth and glucose tolerance ability according to the GTT...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740395/maternal-diet-metabolic-state-and-inflammatory-response-exert-unique-and-long-lasting-influences-on-offspring-behavior-in-non-human-primates
#9
Jacqueline R Thompson, Hanna C Gustafsson, Madison DeCapo, Diana L Takahashi, Jennifer L Bagley, Tyler A Dean, Paul Kievit, Damien A Fair, Elinor L Sullivan
Nutritional status influences brain health and gestational exposure to metabolic disorders (e.g. obesity and diabetes) increases the risk of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the role of maternal Western-style diet (WSD), metabolic state, and inflammatory factors in the programming of Japanese macaque offspring behavior. Utilizing structural equation modeling, we investigated the relationships between maternal diet, prepregnancy adiposity, third trimester insulin response, and plasma cytokine levels on 11-month-old offspring behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737811/validation-study-of-a-self-administered-diet-history-questionnaire-for-estimating-amino-acid-intake-among-japanese-adults
#10
Hitomi Suga, Keiko Asakura, Satoshi Sasaki, Masanori Nojima, Hitomi Okubo, Naoko Hirota, Akiko Notsu, Mitsuru Fukui, Chigusa Date
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite growing interest in the association between dietary amino acid intake and optimal health, validated dietary questionnaires that can estimate amino acid intake have been scarce. We examined the validity of amino acid intakes estimated using a self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) comparing with 16-day semi-weighed dietary records (DR). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 184 Japanese men and women completed a four-day DR and a DHQ four times, once in each season...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724682/metabolic-surgery-for-inadequately-controlled-type-2-diabetes-in-nonseverely-obese-japanese-a-prospective-single-center-study
#11
Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Kazuki Yasuda, Eri Kikkawa, Naoki Watanabe, Yoshimochi Kurokawa
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of metabolic surgery on weight loss, glycemic control, and cardiovascular improvement for the morbidly obese patient has been vast and undeniable. It is also expected to be effective in diabetic patients with less severe obesity, but the evidence is yet to yield significant impact. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate the impact of metabolic surgery on inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes in Japanese patients with mild obesity...
March 21, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710042/the-1975-type-japanese-diet-improves-lipid-metabolic-parameters-in-younger-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Saeko Sugawara, Mamoru Kushida, Yui Iwagaki, Masaki Asano, Kazushi Yamamoto, Yasutake Tomata, Ichiro Tsuji, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki
In our previous study, the health benefits of the 1975 Japanese diet were shown to be the highest, since the diet suppressed visceral and liver fat accumulation, and hyperglycemia. In addition, the 1975 Japanese diet promoted maintenance of learning memory ability and a lengthened life span. However, the effect of the 1975 Japanese diet has not been ascertained in humans. In the current study, a diet with the characteristics of the 1975 Japanese diet was prepared to examine if this diet is beneficial for human health...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710030/characteristics-of-the-japanese-diet-described-in-epidemiologic-publications-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#13
Nozomu Suzuki, Yoshihito Goto, Haruka Ota, Kumiko Kito, Fumika Mano, Erina Joo, Kaori Ikeda, Nobuya Inagaki, Takeo Nakayama
CONTEXT: International interest in the Japanese diet has grown in recent years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate and organize the Japanese diet and dietary characteristics from an epidemiological perspective, mainly focusing on the nutritional and dietary elements. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, Japan Medical Abstracts Society, JDream III, and CiNii databases were searched. STUDY SELECTION: The eligibility criteria included research with an epidemiological study design that was either cross-sectional, cohort, or case-control-based that defined the dietary patterns of the Japanese diet using dietary pattern analysis...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708237/correction-to-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mini-low-carbohydrate-diet-and-an-energy-controlled-diet-among-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Masayo Kimura, Yoshinobu Kondo, Kazutaka Aoki, Jun Shirakawa, Hiroshi Kamiyama, Kazunari Kamiko, Shigeru Nakajima, Yasuo Terauchi
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.14740/jocmr3281w.].
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695055/efficacy-of-a-moderately-low-carbohydrate-diet-in-a-36-month-observational-study-of-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Mariko Sanada, Chinatsu Kabe, Hisa Hata, Junichi Uchida, Gaku Inoue, Yoko Tsukamoto, Yoshifumi Yamada, Junichiro Irie, Shogo Tabata, Mitsuhisa Tabata, Satoru Yamada
We previously showed that a non-calorie-restricted, moderately low-carbohydrate diet (mLCD) is more effective than caloric restriction for glycemic and lipid profile control in patients with type 2 diabetes. To determine whether mLCD intervention is sustainable, effective, and safe over a long period, we performed a 36-month observational study. We sequentially enrolled 200 patients with type 2 diabetes and taught them how to follow the mLCD. We compared the following parameters pre- and post-dietary intervention in an outpatient setting: glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body weight, lipid profile (total cholesterol, low and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, liver enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase), and renal function (urea nitrogen, creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate)...
April 24, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686865/the-presence-of-children-in-households-was-associated-with-dietary-intake-among-japanese-married-women-the-potato-study
#16
Aki Saito, Mai Matsumoto, Aiko Hyakutake, Masafumi Saito, Naoko Okamoto
A growing body of evidence from Western countries shows that the presence of children in households is associated with the dietary intake of adults, but little is known about this relationship in non-Western countries with different food cultures. Our aim was to examine whether dietary intake was different with respect to the presence of young children in the home among Japanese married women. Subjects were Japanese married women (aged 23-44 years) living with children aged less than 5 years ( n 73) and married women who did not have children ( n 85)...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686861/pre-pregnancy-bmi-gestational-weight-gain-and-body-image-are-associated-with-dietary-under-reporting-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#17
Mie Shiraishi, Megumi Haruna, Masayo Matsuzaki, Ryoko Murayama, Satoshi Sasaki
Dietary under-reporting is a common problem when using self-reported dietary assessment tools. However, there are few studies regarding under-reporting during pregnancy. This study aimed to explore the demographic and psychosocial characteristics related to dietary under-reporting in pregnant Japanese women. A cross-sectional study was conducted between 2010 and 2011 at a university hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Nutrient intake was assessed using a self-administered Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ), which had questions about the consumption frequency and portion size of selected food items...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682103/cardiovascular-disease-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
REVIEW
Kazuya Fujihara, Hirohito Sone
Individuals with diabetes have a two- to four-fold increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and higher mortality rates than those without diabetes. Because not only microvascular but also macrovascular disease in patients with diabetes are known to predispose patients to a lower quality of life as well as lead to higher mortality rates, identifying and managing risk factors of CAD is of clinical relevance in diabetes care. A number of antihyperglycemic drugs are currently approved for the treatment of hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with several new drugs having been developed during the last decade...
March 25, 2018: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681930/prevalence-of-functional-constipation-and-relationship-with-dietary-habits-in-3-to-8-year-old-children-in-japan
#19
Asami Fujitani, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Ayano Inui, Kiyoshi Kawakubo
Objectives: To determine the prevalence and effect of dietary habits on functional constipation in preschool and early elementary school children in Japan. Study Design: A total of 3595 children aged 3 to 8 years from 28 nursery schools and 22 elementary schools in Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, were evaluated. The subjects were divided into a functional constipation group and a nonfunctional constipation group according to the Rome III criteria. Dietary intake data were collected using a brief-type, self-administered, diet-history questionnaire validated for Japanese preschool-aged children...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671180/dietary-patterns-and-prostate-cancer-risk-in-japanese-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study-jphc-study
#20
Sangah Shin, Eiko Saito, Norie Sawada, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Akiko Nanri, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
PURPOSE: The development of prostate cancer may be impacted by environmental factors, including diet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary patterns and risk of prostate cancer in a large prospective cohort study among Japanese men. METHODS: A total of 43,469 men who participated in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study were followed from 1995 to 1998 to the end of 2012, during which 1,156 cases of prostate cancer were newly identified...
April 18, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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