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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904019/clinical-characteristics-and-social-frailty-of-super-elderly-patients-with-heart-failure%C3%A3-the-kitakawachi-clinical-background-and-outcome-of-heart-failure-registry
#1
Kensuke Takabayashi, Akihiro Ikuta, Yoshinori Okazaki, Mariko Ogami, Kotaro Iwatsu, Koichi Matsumura, Tsutomu Ikeda, Tahei Ichinohe, Yuko Morikami, Takashi Yamamoto, Ryoko Fujita, Kotoe Takenaka, Hiroyuki Takenaka, Yoshisumi Haruna, Hiroyuki Muranaka, Masaaki Ozaki, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Shouji Kitaguchi, Ryuji Nohara
BACKGROUND: Social background is important in preventing admission/readmission of heart failure (HF) patients. However, few clinical studies have been conducted to assess the social background of these patients, especially elderly patients.Methods and Results:The Kitakawachi Clinical Background and Outcome of Heart Failure (KICKOFF) Registry is a prospective multicenter community-based cohort of HF patients, established in April 2015. We compared the clinical characteristics and social background of the super-elderly group (≥85 years old) and the non-super-elderly group (<85 years old)...
November 30, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899146/impact-of-visceral-fat-on-gene-expression-profile-in-peripheral-blood-cells-in-obese-japanese-subjects
#2
Yoshinari Obata, Norikazu Maeda, Yuya Yamada, Koji Yamamoto, Seiji Nakamura, Masaya Yamaoka, Yoshimitsu Tanaka, Shigeki Masuda, Hirofumi Nagao, Shiro Fukuda, Yuya Fujishima, Shunbun Kita, Hitoshi Nishizawa, Tohru Funahashi, Ken-Ichi Matsubara, Yuji Matsuzawa, Iichiro Shimomura
BACKGROUND: Visceral fat plays a central role in the development of metabolic syndrome and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. The association of visceral fat accumulation with cardio-metabolic diseases has been reported, but the impact of visceral fat on the gene expression profile in peripheral blood cells remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) on the gene expression profile in peripheral blood cells of obese subjects...
November 29, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895389/comparisons-of-dietary-intake-in-japanese-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Yukiko Kobayashi, Hina Tatsumi, Mikako Hattori, Hiroki Sugiyama, Sayori Wada, Masashi Kuwahata, Saiyu Tanaka, Kazuyuki Kanemasa, Yoshio Sumida, Yuji Naito, Michiaki Fukui, Yasuhiro Kido
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a multifactorial disease that involves a complex interaction between genetics, diet, and lifestyle, all of which combine to form the NAFLD phenotype. In Japan, medical nutrition therapy for NAFLD has not yet been established, so NAFLD patients are instructed in the dietary modifications used for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Because points of difference may exist in the effects of dietary choices on NAFLD and T2DM, the present study aimed to compare and assess the dietary intake of Japanese individuals with NAFLD and T2DM...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895063/association-of-eating-behaviours-with-diurnal-preference-and-rotating-shift-work-in-japanese-female-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Takahiro Yoshizaki, Yukari Kawano, Osamu Noguchi, Junko Onishi, Reiko Teramoto, Ayaka Sunami, Yuri Yokoyama, Yuki Tada, Azumi Hida, Fumiharu Togo
OBJECTIVES: Our study examines differences in eating behaviour between day workers and rotating shift workers, and considers whether diurnal preference could explain the differences. METHODS: Japanese female nurses were studied (39 day workers and 123 rotating shift workers, aged 21-63 years) using self-administered questionnaires. The questionnaires assessed eating behaviours, diurnal preference and demographic characteristics. The questionnaire in the Guidelines for the management of obesity disease issued by the Japan Society for the Study of Obesity was used to obtain scores for the levels of obesity-related eating behaviours, including cognition of constitution, motivation for eating, eating as a diversion, feeling of satiety, eating style, meal contents and temporal eating patterns...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871949/cloning-and-characterization-of-fatty-acid-binding-proteins-fabps-from-japanese-seabass-lateolabraxjaponicus-liver-and-their-gene-expressions-in-response-to-dietary-arachidonic-acid-ara
#5
Houguo Xu, Yuanqin Zhang, Chengqiang Wang, Yuliang Wei, Keke Zheng, Mengqing Liang
In the present study, putative cDNA of five fabp isoforms, i.e., fabp1, fabp2, fabp3, fabp4, and fabp7, was cloned and characterized from the liver of Japanese seabass (Lateolabrax japonicus), and their expression in response to diets with different arachidonic acid (ARA) levels (0.05%, 0.22%, 0.37%, 0.60%, 1.38% and 2.32% of dry matter) was investigated following a feeding trial. The Japanese seabass fabps showed high identity to their orthologs in other fish species and mammals. However, a specific fabp of Japanese seabass showed much lower identity to other Japanese seabass fabps...
November 15, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869499/capsaicinoids-improve-egg-production-by-regulating-ovary-nuclear-transcription-factors-against-heat-stress-in-quail
#6
N Sahin, C Orhan, M Tuzcu, V Juturu, K Sahin
1. To examine the molecular mechanism of capsaicinoid supplementation from Capsicum extract, laying Japanese quail (n=180, 5 weeks old) were reared either at 22(o)C for 24 h/d (thermoneutral, TN) or 34(o)C for 8 h/d (heat stress, HS) and fed on one of three diets containing 0, 25 or 50 mg of capsaicinoids per kg for 12 weeks (2x3 factorial arrangement). 2. The results revealed that exposure to HS decreased feed consumption by 10.7% and egg production by 13.6%, increased serum and ovary malondialdehyde (MDA) levels by 66...
November 21, 2016: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859643/undernourishment-in-utero-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-later-life-a-potential-issue-in-japanese-people-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Hiroaki Itoh, Keiko Muramatsu-Kato, Urmi J Ferdous, Yukiko Kohmura-Kobayashi, Naohiro Kanayama
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. The prevalence of NAFLD in Japan has nearly doubled in the last 10-15 years. Increasing evidence supports undernourishment in utero being causatively connected with the risk of NAFLD in later life. Low body mass index (BMI) has been common among Japanese women of childbearing age for several decades due to their strong desire to be thin. It is plausible that insufficient maternal energy intake by pregnant Japanese women may underlie the rapid increase in the prevalence of NAFLD in Japan...
November 16, 2016: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829457/combined-effect-of-new-complete-dentures-and-simple-dietary-advice-on-nutritional-status-in-edentulous-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Yuriko Komagamine, Manabu Kanazawa, Maiko Iwaki, Ayami Jo, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Noriko Amagai, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are edentulous have a lower intake of fruit, vegetables, fiber, and protein compared with their dentate counterparts because tooth loss is accompanied by a decrease in ability to chew. Whether or not a combination of prosthetic rehabilitation and simple dietary advice produces improvement in dietary intake among edentulous persons is unclear. We aim to investigate the effect of a simultaneous combination of simple dietary advice delivered by dentists and provision of new complete dentures on dietary intake in edentulous individuals who request new dentures...
November 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819210/a-japanese-diet-with-low-glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-is-associated-with-both-favourable-and-unfavourable-aspects-of-dietary-intake-patterns-in-three-generations-of-women
#9
Ryoko Inomaki, Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Hitomi Okubo, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: Western studies have suggested cultural differences in food and nutrient intake patterns associated with dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL). Here, we conducted a cross-sectional study to examine the GI and GL of Japanese diets in relation to food and nutrient intakes. DESIGN: Dietary intake was assessed using a validated, self-administered, diet history questionnaire. SETTING: A total of thirty-five of forty-seven prefectures in Japan...
November 7, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815299/clustering-patterns-of-obesity-related-multiple-lifestyle-behaviours-and-their-associations-with-overweight-and-family-environments-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japanese-preschool-children
#10
Etsuko Watanabe, Jung Su Lee, Katsumi Mori, Kiyoshi Kawakubo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is (1) to identify obesity-related lifestyle behaviour patterns of diet, physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours in preschool children, (2) to examine the association between identified behaviour clusters and overweight/obesity and (3) to investigate differences in children's family environments according to clusters. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study on 2114 preschool children aged 3-6 years who attended childcare facilities (24 nursery schools and 10 kindergartens) in Tsuruoka city, Japan in April 2003 was conducted...
November 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811965/genomic-variants-associated-with-resistance-to-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-a-primate-model
#11
R Alan Harris, Callison E Alcott, Elinor L Sullivan, Diana Takahashi, Carrie E McCurdy, Sarah Comstock, Karalee Baquero, Peter Blundell, Antonio E Frias, Maike Kahr, Melissa Suter, Stephanie Wesolowski, Jacob E Friedman, Kevin L Grove, Kjersti M Aagaard
Maternal obesity contributes to an increased risk of lifelong morbidity and mortality for both the mother and her offspring. In order to better understand the molecular mechanisms underlying these risks, we previously established and extensively characterized a primate model in Macaca fuscata (Japanese macaque). In prior studies we have demonstrated that a high fat, caloric dense maternal diet structures the offspring's epigenome, metabolome, and intestinal microbiome. During the course of this work we have consistently observed that a 36% fat diet leads to obesity in the majority, but not all, of exposed dams...
November 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809749/fish-hydrolysates-a-regulatory-perspective-of-bioactive-peptides
#12
Bert Gevaert, Lieselotte Veryser, Frederick Verbeke, Evelien Wynendaele, Bart De Spiegeleer
For the first time introduced on the Japanese market, bioactive fish hydrolysates are now available all over the world as food supplements, functional food ingredients or nutricosmeceuticals. They are generally produced from low value fish waste, an almost inexhaustible source of raw material, and are sold as high value products, making them economically interesting from a manufacturer's view point. Most of these products have health or structure/function claims on their packages with different actions like antihypertensive, blood-glucose lowering, anxiolytic and skin anti-aging activities...
November 2, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806831/development-of-a-mediterranean-diet-score-adapted-to-japan-and-its-relation-to-obesity-risk
#13
Masao Kanauchi, Kimiko Kanauchi
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is well known as a healthy diet that protects against several chronic diseases. However, there is no appropriate and easy index to assess adherence to the MD pattern in Japan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a novel instrument to measure MD adherence adapted to a Japanese diet and to examine its association with overweight/obesity risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional nutritional survey provided the data for construction of a novel MD score...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797068/laparoscopy-endoscopy-cooperative-surgery-for-gastric-plexiform-fibromyxoma-a-case-report
#14
Yoshikage Inoue, Shutaro Gunji, Kazutaka Obama, Hiroshi Okabe, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Gastric submucosal tumors are commonly treated by partial resection under laparoscopy. However, the surgical resection of gastric submucosal tumors sometimes causes deformation of the stomach, especially in the case of intraluminal tumors located near the pylorus or esophagogastric junction. Such deformations can result in impaired diet intake and reduced quality of life. Laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery has been developed to overcome these problems. This is the first report to describe a case of gastric plexiform fibromyxoma, a rare gastric submucosal tumor, that was successfully resected by laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777595/soshiho-tang-aqueous-extract-exerts-antiobesity-effects-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice-and-inhibits-adipogenesis-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#15
Sae-Rom Yoo, Mee-Young Lee, Byoung-Kab Kang, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin, Soo-Jin Jeong
Soshiho-tang (SST; sho-saiko-to in Japanese; xiaochaihu-tang in Chinese) has generally been used to improve liver fibrosis- and cirrhosis-related symptoms in traditional Korean medicine. Although many studies have investigated the pharmacological properties of SST, its antiobesity effect has not been elucidated. Thus, our present study was carried out to evaluate the antiobesity effect of SST using a high fat diet- (HFD) induced obese mouse model and 3T3-L1 adipose cells. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6/group), normal diet (ND), HFD-fed group, and HFD- and SST-fed groups (S200: 200 mg/kg of SST; S600: 600 mg/kg of SST) and given HFD with or without SST extract for 8 weeks...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773550/association-between-rice-bread-and-noodle-intake-and-the-prevalence-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-japanese-middle-aged-men-and-women
#16
Ryoko Tajima, Takeshi Kimura, Ayaka Enomoto, Kaede Yanoshita, Aki Saito, Satomi Kobayashi, Katsunori Masuda, Kaoruko Iida
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Prevention of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) through lifestyle modification is an important public health issue. Carbohydrate intake from soft drinks has received particular interest. Owing to differences in dietary habits, however, major contributors to the intake of dietary carbohydrates, such as rice, bread, and noodles, might have more influence on NAFLD prevalence in East Asian countries than consumption of soft drinks. We examined the relationship of the intake of rice, bread, and noodles, as well as overall carbohydrate intake, with NAFLD prevalence in middle-aged Japanese...
October 8, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768566/development-and-application-of-a-plant-based-diet-scoring-system-for-japanese-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Mitsuro Chiba, Kunio Nakane, Yuko Takayama, Kae Sugawara, Hideo Ohno, Hajime Ishii, Satoko Tsuda, Tsuyotoshi Tsuji, Masafumi Komatsu, Takeshi Sugawara
CONTEXT: Plant-based diets (PBDs) are a healthy alternative to westernized diets. A semivegetarian diet, a PBD, has been shown to prevent a relapse in Crohn disease. However, there is no way to measure adherence to PBDs. OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple way of evaluating adherence to a PBD for Japanese patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). DESIGN: PBD scores were assigned according to the frequency of consumption provided on a food-frequency questionnaire, obtained on hospitalization for 159 patients with ulcerative colitis and 70 patients with Crohn disease...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766246/effects-of-body-weight-reduction-on-serum-irisin-and-metabolic-parameters-in-obese-subjects
#18
Yaeko Fukushima, Satoshi Kurose, Hiromi Shinno, Ha Cao Thi Thu, Nana Takao, Hiromi Tsutsumi, Takaaki Hasegawa, Toshiaki Nakajima, Yutaka Kimura
BACKGROUND: Irisin is a myokine implicated in lipid and glucose metabolism. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of a body weight reduction on the serum irisin level and physical indicators in obese Japanese patients without diabetes. METHODS: The subjects were 22 patients (male/female, 5/17; age, 46.1±16.0 years; body mass index [BMI], 36.9±5.0 kg/m(2)) who completed a 6-month body weight reduction program at our clinic. The program included diet, exercise therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy...
October 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764914/the-effects-of-high-fat-diets-composed-of-different-animal-and-vegetable-fat-sources-on-the-health-status-and-tissue-lipid-profiles-of-male-japanese-quail-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#19
Janine Donaldson, Michael Taurai Madziva, Kennedy Honey Erlwanger
Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the impact of high-fat diets composed of different animal and vegetable fat sources on serum metabolic health markers in Japanese quail, as well as the overall lipid content and fatty acid profiles of the edible bird tissues following significantly increased dietary lipid supplementation. Methods: Fifty seven male quail were divided into six groups and fed either a standard diet or a diet enriched with one of five different fats (22 % coconut oil, lard, palm oil, soybean oil or sunflower oil) for 12 weeks...
October 20, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734025/maternal-obesity-reduces-oxidative-capacity-in-fetal-skeletal-muscle-of-japanese-macaques
#20
Carrie E McCurdy, Simon Schenk, Byron Hetrick, Julie Houck, Brian G Drew, Spencer Kaye, Melanie Lashbrook, Bryan C Bergman, Diana L Takahashi, Tyler A Dean, Travis Nemkov, Ilya Gertsman, Kirk C Hansen, Andrew Philp, Andrea L Hevener, Adam J Chicco, Kjersti M Aagaard, Kevin L Grove, Jacob E Friedman
Maternal obesity is proposed to alter the programming of metabolic systems in the offspring, increasing the risk for developing metabolic diseases; however, the cellular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we used a nonhuman primate model to examine the impact of a maternal Western-style diet (WSD) alone, or in combination with obesity (Ob/WSD), on fetal skeletal muscle metabolism studied in the early third trimester. We find that fetal muscle responds to Ob/WSD by upregulating fatty acid metabolism, mitochondrial complex activity, and metabolic switches (CPT-1, PDK4) that promote lipid utilization over glucose oxidation...
October 6, 2016: JCI Insight
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