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uveitis children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464909/multicenter-inception-cohort-of-enthesitis-related-arthritis-variation-in-disease-characteristics-and-treatment-approaches
#1
Sabrina Gmuca, Rui Xiao, Timothy G Brandon, Ilaria Pagnini, Tracey B Wright, Timothy Beukelman, Esi M Morgan, Pamela F Weiss
BACKGROUND: Enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) is a specific subtype of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) defined according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) criteria. We aimed to characterize the clinical features and treatment regimens in an inception cohort of children with ERA. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional, multicenter cohort study including subjects diagnosed with ERA between 1989 and 2012. Patients all fulfilled the ILAR criteria for ERA within 3 months of initial presentation to the rheumatology clinic...
May 2, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457525/retrospective-study-evaluating-treatment-decisions-and-outcomes-of-childhood-uveitis-not-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#2
Elham Sardar, Perrine Dusser, Antoine Rousseau, Bahram Bodaghi, Marc Labetoulle, Isabelle Koné-Paut
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate treatment, ocular complications and outcomes of children with pediatric uveitis not associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective chart review of pediatric uveitis in children under 16 years of age, recruited from the pediatric rheumatology department at Bicêtre Hospital from 2005 to 2015. Patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated and infectious uveitis were excluded. We used the Standardization of Uveitis Nomenclature Working Group to classify uveitis, disease activity, and treatment end points...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448293/trabeculectomy-or-transscleral-cyclophotocoagulation-as-initial-treatment-of-secondary-childhood-glaucoma-in-northern-tanzania
#3
Achim Fieß, Peter Shah, Freda Sii, Furahini Godfrey, Joe Abbott, Richard Bowman, Jacqueline Bauer, Stefan Dithmar, Heiko Philippin
PURPOSE: The purpose is to describe the outcome of trabeculectomy with transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCPC) as an initial intervention for secondary childhood glaucoma in Northern Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective, consecutive case series was analyzed of all children with secondary childhood glaucoma who underwent initial trabeculectomy or TSCPC between 2000 and 2013 at a referral eye unit in Northern Tanzania. Retrospective data were collected on causes of glaucoma, intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity, complications, and subsequent interventions...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445659/adalimumab-plus-methotrexate-for-uveitis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Athimalaipet V Ramanan, Andrew D Dick, Ashley P Jones, Andrew McKay, Paula R Williamson, Sandrine Compeyrot-Lacassagne, Ben Hardwick, Helen Hickey, Dyfrig Hughes, Patricia Woo, Diana Benton, Clive Edelsten, Michael W Beresford
BACKGROUND: Adalimumab, a fully human anti-tumor necrosis factor α monoclonal antibody, is effective in the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We tested the efficacy of adalimumab in the treatment of JIA-associated uveitis. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we assessed the efficacy and safety of adalimumab in children and adolescents 2 years of age or older who had active JIA-associated uveitis. Patients who were taking a stable dose of methotrexate were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive either adalimumab (at a dose of 20 mg or 40 mg, according to body weight) or placebo, administered subcutaneously every 2 weeks...
April 27, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428675/uveitis-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-our-observations
#5
Almira Cosickic, Meliha Halilbasic, Amela Selimovic, Harun Avdagic
INTRODUCTION: Uveitis as extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is present in 20% of children with the persistent form, in 30% with the extended oligoarticular form, while it is present in psoriatic and polyarticular rheumatoid factor (RF) negative arthritis in 10% and 14%, respectively. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of uveitis and its complications in children with JIA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted with an analysis of the medical records of children with JIA who were treated for the last 5 years...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389773/analysis-of-clinical-features-and-visual-outcomes-of-pars-planitis
#6
Nilufer Berker, Emine Sen, Ufuk Elgin, Cemile Ucgul Atilgan, Erdem Dursun, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the demographic characteristics, clinical features, treatment and outcomes of patients with pars planitis in a tertiary referral center in Turkey. METHODS: Medical records of patients with pars planitis were retrospectively reviewed. The data including demographic and ocular features and treatment outcomes were recorded. The distribution of clinical findings and complications were evaluated according to age and gender groups. The changes in final BCVA compared to the initial BCVA were noted...
April 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367043/child-abuse-and-the-eye-in-an-african-population
#7
Michaeline A Isawumi, Modupe Adebayo
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of data on child abuse and the eye in West Africa. Therefore, a need exists to determine the causes and circumstances surrounding these occurrences and their effects on the eye and vision in a pediatric population. METHODS: A 3-year study of consecutive cases of ocular features that presented to an eye clinic following a history suggestive of child abuse along with any associated eye injury was carried out. Socio-demographic characteristics were obtained, as were the presenting and posttreatment visual acuity, and a full clinical eye examination was also done...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365583/predictors-of-relapse-after-discontinuing-systemic-treatment-in-childhood-autoimmune-chronic-uveitis
#8
Gabriele Simonini, Claudia Bracaglia, Marco Cattalini, Andrea Taddio, Alice Brambilla, Cinzia De Libero, Denise Pires Marafon, Roberto Caputo, Rolando Cimaz
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical predictors of relapse in childhood autoimmune chronic uveitis after stopping systemic treatment. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter, cohort study. RESULTS: Ninety-four children in remission, receiving no treatments and with at least a 6-month followup, were enrolled. A higher probability of maintaining remission after discontinuing treatment was shown in idiopathic compared with juvenile idiopathic arthritis uveitis (Mantel-Cox chi-square = 23...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328621/ocular-involvement-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Samuele Naviglio, Fulvio Parentin, Silvia Nider, Nicolò Rassu, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura
BACKGROUND: Data on ocular manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children are limited. Some authors have reported a high prevalence of asymptomatic uveitis, yet the significance of these observations is unknown and there are no recommendations on which ophthalmologic follow-up should be offered. METHODS: Children with IBD seen at a single referral center for pediatric gastroenterology were offered ophthalmologic evaluation as part of routine care for their disease...
March 21, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318350/clinical-course-and-outcomes-of-pediatric-tubercular-uveitis-in-north-india
#10
Savleen Kaur, Kanika Aggarwal, Aniruddha Agarwal, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Ramandeep Singh, Reema Bansal, Surjit Singh, Nirbhai Singh, Amod Gupta, Vishali Gupta
PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical features, course, management, and outcomes of tubercular (TB) uveitis in the pediatric population and assess the response to anti-tubercular therapy (ATT). METHODS: Hospital records of children (≤16 years) from a large tertiary-care institute between January 2001 and December 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 32 children (mean age: 10.7 ± 4.27 years; range 2-16) were diagnosed with TB-associated uveitis...
March 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291196/-cytokine-profile-changes-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-associated-uveitis
#11
E A Drozdova, E V Yadykina, E A Mezentseva, K V Nikushkina
AIM: to identify the differences between serum cytokine profiles in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with or without uveal tract inflammation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serum cytokine profiles were studied in two groups of patients: 20 children with JIA and JIA-associated uveitis and 33 children, who had no signs of uveitis under basic therapy for their JIA. All the patients showed drug remission of articular syndrome. Inflammation of the choroid took the form of chronic anterior uveitis...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257832/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-cataract-in-children-with-uveitis
#12
Tamar Blum-Hareuveni, Sophie Seguin-Greenstein, Michal Kramer, Guy Hareuveni, Yael Sharon, Ronit Friling, Lazha Sharief, Sue Lightman, Oren Tomkins-Netzer
PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors for the development of cataract in children with uveitis of any etiology. DESIGN: Cohort study METHODS: 247 eyes of 140 children with uveitis were evaluated for the development of vision affecting cataract. Demographic, clinical and treatment data were collected between the time of presentation and the first instance cataract was recorded or findings at final follow-up. Main outcome measures included prevalence of cataract and distribution by type of uveitis, incidence of new onset cataract time to cataract development and risk factors for the development of cataract...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205413/assessment-of-the-outcome-of-ophthalmological-screening-for-uveitis-in-a-cohort-of-swedish-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#13
Maria Papadopoulou, Madeleine Zetterberg, Solveig Oskarsdottir, Marita Andersson Grönlund
PURPOSE: To describe clinical features, risk factors and complications in a cohort of Swedish children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) screened for uveitis between 2002 and 2011. METHODS: Medical records of 299 children with JIA (93 male, 206 female; median age 5.0 years at diagnosis) were retrospectively scrutinized focusing on subtype of JIA, onset of arthritis/uveitis, presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and ophthalmological status. RESULTS: Uveitis was found in 32 (11%) children, 78% bilaterally affected...
February 15, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148698/the-juvenile-psoriatic-arthritis-cohort-in-the-carra-registry-clinical-characteristics-classification-and-outcomes
#14
Devy Zisman, Dafna D Gladman, Matthew L Stoll, Vibeke Strand, Idit Lavi, Joyce J Hsu, Elizabeth D Mellins
OBJECTIVE: Children with clinically diagnosed juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JPsA) who were enrolled in the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) registry (CARRA-JPsA) were classified according to pediatric International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) and adult criteria [Classification criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR)]. Data on demographic and clinical features at baseline and 1-year followup were analyzed and compared. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was performed of CARRA-JPsA patients enrolled between May 2010 and December 2013 and stratified according to age at disease onset (≤ or > 4 yrs)...
March 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118522/lack-of-concordance-in-inter-rater-scoring-of-the-provider-s-global-assessment-of-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-with-low-disease-activity
#15
Janalee Taylor, Edward H Giannini, Daniel J Lovell, Bin Huang, Esi Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To measure agreement among raters when scoring the physician/provider global assessment (PGA) of disease activity in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with no apparent disease activity, and to identify clinical and laboratory parameters that most strongly influence provider scoring of the PGA. METHODS: Profiles of clinical and laboratory findings from 20 patients with JIA with no apparent disease activity were given to 51 providers who were asked to score the PGA using a 21-circle VAS (range 0 - 10)...
January 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104732/iatrogenic-cushing-s-syndrome-due-to-topical-ocular-glucocorticoid-treatment
#16
Daisuke Fukuhara, Toshihiko Takiura, Hiroshi Keino, Annabelle A Okada, Kunimasa Yan
Iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a severe adverse effect of systemic glucocorticoid (GC) therapy in children, but is extremely rare in the setting of topical ocular GC therapy. In this article, we report the case of a 9-year-old girl suffering from idiopathic uveitis who developed CS due to topical ocular GC treatment. She was referred to the ophthalmology department with a complaint of painful eyes, at which time she was diagnosed with bilateral iridocyclitis and started on a treatment of betamethasone sodium phosphate eye drops...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098119/acute-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-syndrome-a-report-on-four-adult-cases
#17
Yosra Ben Ariba, Jannet Labidi, Zied Elloumi, Yosra Selmi, Salah Othmani
Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) syndrome is a rare disease, generally presenting in children and young women. The interstitial nephritis may precede, follow, or develop concurrent to the uveitis. We report the clinical features and outcomes of four adult patients, aged 41-70 years with the TINU syndrome.
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090468/clinical-features-and-extraintestinal-manifestations-of-crohn-disease-in-children
#18
Young Ah Lee, Peter Chun, Eun Ha Hwang, Sang Wook Mun, Yeoun Joo Lee, Jae Hong Park
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) of Crohn disease (CD) in Korean pediatric patients. METHODS: The medical records of 73 children diagnosed with CD were retrospectively reviewed. Data regarding baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, including CD phenotype at diagnosis based on the Montreal classification, and clinical features and course of EIMs were investigated. RESULTS: Fifty-two (71...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089968/prevalence-of-anti-infliximab-antibodies-and-their-associated-co-factors-in-children-with-refractory-arthritis-and-or-uveitis-a-retrospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Florence A Aeschlimann, Felix Angst, Kevin D Hofer, Elvira Cannizzaro Schneider, Silke Schroeder-Kohler, Roger Lauener, Desirée van der Kleij, Theo Rispens, Rotraud K Saurenmann
OBJECTIVE: Infliximab (IFX) is a monoclonal tumor necrosis factor-α-inhibiting antibody used in children with refractory arthritis and uveitis. Immunogenicity is associated with a lack of clinical response and infusion reactions in adults; data on immunogenicity in children treated with IFX for rheumatic diseases are scarce. We aimed to describe the prevalence of anti-IFX antibodies and determine co-factors associated with anti-IFX antibodies in children with inflammatory rheumatic and ocular diseases...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078992/smoking-and-eye-pathologies-a-systemic-review-part-ii-retina-diseases-uveitis-optic-neuropathies-thyroid-associated-orbitopathy
#20
Małgorzata Nita, Andrzej Grzybowski
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking has detrimental influence on human health. AIM: The analysis of influence of tobacco smoking on retina diseases, uveitis, optic neuropathies, and thyroidassociated orbitopathy in adults and children. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature performed through MEDLINE and PubMed searches, covering the years 2000-2016. RESULTS: In adults, tobacco smoking is a strong risk factor for age-related macular degeneration, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, uveitis and inflamed cystoid macular edema as well as Grave`s ophthalmopathy...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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