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Aseptic meningitis

C Hoyer, P Eisele, A D Ebert, S Schneider, A Gass, M Fatar, K Szabo, A Alonso
BACKGROUND: The term "aseptic meningitis" encompasses cases of meningitis with negative bacterial CSF culture, which predominantly are of viral etiology. While the clinical course is usually benign, complications such as encephalitic involvement resulting in a more severe clinical course may occur. Dysfunction of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB), which is a prerequisite for viral entry into the brain parenchyma, can be approximated using the CSF/serum albumin ratio, readily obtainable in routine CSF analysis...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Magdalena Wieczorek, Arleta Krzysztoszek, Agnieszka Ciąćka, Agnieszka Figas
The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic variability of echovirus 6 (E6) isolates from environmental samples and clinical cases of aseptic meningitis from 2006 to 2014. The analysis of the VP1 region showed the extensive diversity (up to 18.8%) and revealed that E6 circulating in Poland belong to four groups. Environmental strains clustered in three groups excepting the 2012 outbreak group, which shows the sudden introduction of new epidemic variant with Asiatic origin. Data from the study established relationships of E6 from Poland with previously characterized strains and confirmed the importance of both clinical and environmental surveillance...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Jenny X Chen, Blake C Alkire, Allen C Lam, William T Curry, Eric H Holbrook
Objectives While bacterial meningitis is a concerning complication after endoscopic skull base surgery, the diagnosis can be made without consideration for aseptic meningitis. This article aims to (1) present a patient with recurrent craniopharyngioma and multiple postoperative episodes of aseptic meningitis and (2) discuss the diagnosis and management of aseptic meningitis. Design Case report and literature review. Results A 65-year-old female patient with a symptomatic craniopharyngioma underwent transsphenoidal resection...
October 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Chan Hong Jeon
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation in cartilaginous structures including the ears, noses, peripheral joints, and tracheobronchial tree. It rarely involves the central nervous system (CNS) but diagnosis of CNS complication of RP is challenging because it can present with varying clinical features. Herein we report 3 cases of relapsing polychondritis involving CNS with distinct manifestations and clinical courses. The first patient presented with rhombencephalitis resulting in brain edema and death...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Jie Zhang, Haihao Zhang, Yilin Zhao, Chen Guo, Zhaoqing Yang, Shaohui Ma
Human coxsackievirus B2 (CVB2) belongs to the species Human enterovirus B and can cause aseptic meningitis, myocarditis and hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD). We first determined the complete genome of the RW41-2/YN/CHN/2012 strain, isolated from a patient with HFMD and aseptic meningitis in the Yunnan Province, China in 2012. The strain shared 83.5 % and 82.2 % nucleotide similarity with CVB2 prototype strain Ohio-1, in the complete VP1 gene and the complete genome, respectively. Using phylogenetic and homogeneity analyses for the complete VP1 gene, CVB2 strains could be divided into four genogroups (A-D); the RW41-2/YN/CHN/2012 strain belonging to genogroup D...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Virology
Jasmin B Kuemmerle-Deschner, Seza Ozen, Pascal N Tyrrell, Isabelle Kone-Paut, Raphaela Goldbach-Mansky, Helen Lachmann, Norbert Blank, Hal M Hoffman, Elisabeth Weissbarth-Riedel, Boris Hugle, Tilmann Kallinich, Marco Gattorno, Ahmet Gul, Nienke Ter Haar, Marlen Oswald, Fatma Dedeoglu, Luca Cantarini, Susanne M Benseler
Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is a rare, heterogeneous disease entity associated with NLRP3 gene mutations and increased interleukin-1 (IL-1) secretion. Early diagnosis and rapid initiation of IL-1 inhibition prevent organ damage. The aim of the study was to develop and validate diagnostic criteria for CAPS. An innovative process was followed including interdisciplinary team building, item generation: review of CAPS registries, systematic literature review, expert surveys, consensus conferences for item refinement, item reduction and weighting using 1000Minds decision software...
October 4, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Slava Rom, Viviana Zuluaga-Ramirez, Nancy L Reichenbach, Holly Dykstra, Sachin Gajghate, Pal Pacher, Yuri Persidsky
BACKGROUND: Blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction/disruption followed by leukocyte infiltration into the brain causes neuroinflammation and contributes to morbidity in multiple sclerosis, encephalitis, traumatic brain injury, and stroke. The identification of pathways that decreases the inflammatory potential of leukocytes would prevent such injury. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP) controls various genes via its interaction with myriad transcription factors. Selective PARP inhibitors have appeared lately as potent anti-inflammatory tools...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Vikram A Londhey
SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus) is a multisystem autoimmune disorder of unknown aetiology which can present with myriad clinical presentation. The neurological manifestations of SLE consist of central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system manifestations (PNS). The CNS manifestations are aseptic meningitis, cerebrovascular accidents (stroke), demyelinating disorders, headache, involuntary movements like chorea, myelopathy, acute confusional states, cognitive dysfunction, mood disorder, seizures, psychosis and cranial nerve palsies...
December 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Yanju Zhu, Xi Zhou, Jiansheng Liu, Longhui Xia, Yue Pan, Junying Chen, Na Luo, Jianzhong Yin, Shaohui Ma
Human enteroviruses (EVs) are the major causative agents of aseptic meningitis. In this study, a total of 524 children were admitted to the children Kunming hospital (continental China) for aseptic meningitis manifestations in 2009 and 2010. An EV infection was diagnosed in 85/524 children (16.2 %) and the viruses detected were assigned to 16 serotypes. Most serotypes belonged to the enterovirus B species. Echovirus 9 was predominant (24.7 %), followed by coxsackievirus B5 (23.5 %) and then echovirus 30 (16...
2016: SpringerPlus
Shufa Zheng, Hongyan Ye, Juying Yan, Guoliang Xie, Dawei Cui, Fei Yu, Yiyin Wang, Xianzhi Yang, Fangman Zhou, Yanjun Zhang, Xueli Tian, Yu Chen
Echovirus 30 (E30) is a major pathogen associated with aseptic meningitis. In the summer of 2014, a family clustering aseptic meningitis outbreak occurred in urban-rural fringe of Ningbo city in Zhejiang Province in China. To identify the etiologic agent, specimens were tested by cell culture and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Pathogenic examination confirmed that the outbreak is caused by E30. The first case is a 6-year-old child, who studied in kindergarten in local, suffered from headache and fever...
September 2016: Pathogens and Global Health
W Reith, S Roumia, C Popp
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Neurosarcoidosis is a relatively rare complication of sarcoidosis that occurs in approximately 5-15 % of patients. The clinical picture is variable. Clinically, neurosarcoidosis is mostly manifested as lesions of the cranial nerves (50-70 %) and several cranial nerves are typically affected. This is the result of aseptic granulomatous basal meningitis. Intraparenchymal granulomas also occur, frequently affecting basal near-midline structures, such as the hypothalamus and pituitary glands and can lead to encephalopathy...
October 2016: Der Radiologe
Dawood Yusef, Wasim Khasawneh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Elham Ekhtiyari, Mohammad Barzegar, Amir Mehdizadeh, Maghsood Shaaker, Sepideh Ghodoosifar, Alireza Abhari, Masoud Darabi
PURPOSE: Meningitis is relatively common in infants and young children and can cause permanent brain damage. The aim of this study was to determine whether meningitis is associated with fatty acids in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). METHODS: CSF samples from children between 3 months and 6 years of age admitted to the Tabriz public hospitals who met clinical criteria of meningitis were collected at enrollment. A total of 81 samples were analyzed for fatty acid profile by gas-liquid chromatography...
September 5, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Ageng Wiyatno, Ungke Antonjaya, Chairin Nisa Ma'roef, Silvita Fitri Riswari, Hofiya Djauhari, I Made Artika, Corina Monagin, Bradley S Schneider, Khin Saw Myint, Bachti Alisjahbana, Dodi Safari, Herman Kosasih
INTRODUCTION: Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) virus has been implicated as the causative agent of various outbreaks of clinical disease, including hand, foot, and mouth diseases, aseptic meningitis, acute myocarditis, and inflammatory cardiomyopathy. METHODOLOGY: Two hundred and nine undiagnosed cryopreserved specimens obtained from factory workers in Bandung, Indonesia, who displayed symptoms of acute febrile illness were gathered. Total RNA was isolated from serum and tested by conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using Enterovirus genus-level primers and confirmed by sequencing...
2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Pinky Jha, Jeremiah Stromich, Mallory Cohen, Jane Njeri Wainaina
Drug induced aseptic meningitis is a rare but challenging diagnosis, most commonly reported with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is a sulfonamide that is widely used in clinical practice for the treatment and prophylaxis of various infections. Drug induced aseptic meningitis, when seen with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, occurs predominantly in patients with some degree of immune compromise and is less commonly seen in immune competent individuals. The patient often exhibits the classic symptoms of meningitis...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
M Al-Obaidi, D Saunders, S Brown, L Ramsden, N Martin, E Moraitis, C A Pilkington, P A Brogan, D Eleftheriou
The aim of this study was to describe the abnormalities identified with conventional MRI in children with neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE). This was single-centre (Great Ormond Street Hospital, London) retrospective case series of patients with juvenile NPSLE seen in 2003-2013. Brain MR images of the first episode of active NPSLE were reviewed. All patients fulfilled the 1999 ACR case definitions for NPSLE syndromes. Presenting neuropsychiatric manifestations, immunological findings and treatment are reported...
October 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Yasushi Mizuno, Asako Doi, Akiko Endo, Hiroaki Nishioka
A combination of acute urinary retention and aseptic meningitis has occasionally been described, which is referred to as meningitis-retention syndrome. In contrast, acute urinary retention has rarely been reported in bacterial meningitis. We herein report a case of Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis presenting with acute urinary retention which led to emphysematous cystitis in an elderly woman. She presented with impaired consciousness and a distended lower abdomen. She was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis by lumbar puncture...
2016: Internal Medicine
V I Chernyak, Savel'ev A I, I V Men'shikova, A P Pogromov
Three clinical cases are described including two of relapsing polychondritis with lesions in the central and peripheral nervous system (one of long-standing aseptic lymphocytic meningitis and one of cranial neuropathy of 2, 5, 7, and 8 pairs) and the third case of the optic nerve lesion with amblyopia. The two former cases were successfully treated with high doses of corticosteroids, the third one with moderate doses of the same medications. The data from the current literature concerning variants of clinical manifestations, methods for diagnostics and treatment of neurologic manifestations of relapsing polychondritis are discussed...
2016: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
Yoshikazu Ogawa, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Shunji Mugikura, Teiji Tominaga
BACKGROUND: Several retrospective investigations have recommended more passive surgical indications for intratumoral hemorrhage of pituitary adenomas due to probable spontaneous resolution. However, no definitive analyses have compared pituitary adenomas with hemorrhagic apoplexy and intratumoral hemorrhage without evident apoplectic symptoms or pituitary adenoma infarction. METHODS: This study retrospectively identified 43 patients with symptomatic pituitary apoplexy among 1067 patients with pituitary adenomas initially treated by surgery at a single institute between April 2005 and May 2015, with 27 cases of hemorrhagic (2...
September 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Viktorija Erdeljić Turk, Iveta Šimić, Ksenija Makar-Aušperger, Matea Radačić-Aumiler
OBJECTIVE: Amoxicillin-induced aseptic meningitis (AIAM) is an extremely rare adverse reaction with only 12 reported cases. The term aseptic meningitis refers to patients who have clinical and laboratory evidence for meningeal inflammation with negative routine bacterial cultures. Since the exact pathogenesis is still unknown and clinical signs and cerebrospinalfluid (CSF) findings vary greatly, AIAM is usually a diagnosis of exclusion. CASE SUMMARY: We report a clinical case of a patient referred to the clinical pharmacology outpatient clinic for consultation on suspected recurrent AIAM and a review of published cases...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
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