keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rectal colon

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728223/-expression-and-bioinformatics-analysis-of-long-chain-non-coding-rna-pvt1-in-tumors
#1
M Wang, W Gao, Y F Bai, D H Lu, L H Teng
Objective: To study the expression and mechanism of long-chain non-coding RNA PVT1 in tumor by bioinformatics analysis and experimental verification, and to provide new ideas for the study of the pathogenesis of tumors. Methods: The expression of PVT1 in 14 common tumors was downloaded from starBase v2.0 public database, which also was verified by PVT1 RNA-in situ hybridization.The upstream transcription factors, the downstream target microRNA(miRNA) for PVT1 and the target genes for the target miRNAs were predicted and analyzed by using bioinformatics based on the database of UCSC Genome Browser, HMDD v2...
July 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720424/participation-of-colon-and-rectal-fellows-in-robotic-rectal-cancer-surgery-effect-on-surgical-outcomes
#2
Danielle Collins, Nikolaos Machairas, Emilie Duchalais, Ron G Landmann, Amit Merchea, Dorin T Colibaseanu, Scott R Kelley, Kellie L Mathis, Eric J Dozois, David W Larson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether involvement of colon and rectal fellows has an effect on short-term surgical and oncological outcomes in robotic rectal cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a dataset of 263 robotic-assisted rectal cancer operations, 114 case-matched patients over a 5-year period (January 2010-December 2015) were included in the study. Patients who underwent resection with and without fellow involvement were compared. Cases were matched according to age, body mass index, neoadjuvant therapy, and tumor location...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717897/development-of-a-fast-and-cost-effective-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-quantification-of-short-chain-and-medium-chain-fatty-acids-in-human-biofluids
#3
Cesare Lotti, Josep Rubert, Francesca Fava, Kieran Tuohy, Fulvio Mattivi, Urska Vrhovsek
The quantification of short-chain and medium-chain fatty acids is becoming more and more relevant in fecal and plasma samples due to their biological impact, which has been associated with colon rectal cancer and fiber consumption. For these reasons, a fast, cost-effective, and reproducible analytical method is highly required. In this research, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method based on full scan and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) acquisition modes were optimized and validated for the analysis of short-chain and medium-chain fatty acids in three biological samples: human fecal water, fecal fermentation supernatants, and human plasma...
July 17, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717548/infective-complications-in-patients-after-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-and-the-role-of-ciprofloxacin-resistant-escherichia-coli-colonization-in-rectal-flora
#4
Mustafa Bilal Hamarat, Fatih Tarhan, Rahim Horuz, Gülfem Akengin Öcal, Mehmet Kutlu Demirkol, Alper Kafkaslı, Özgür Yazıcı
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to invastigate the ciprofloxacin resistance in rectal flora of the patients undergoing prostate biopsy in our department. Additionally, the possible effects of the presence of ciprofloxacin resistant bacteria in faecal flora on the risk of infective complications after the procedure as well as the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis on such infectious complications have been evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 142 patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy were included into the study program...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717199/association-between-allergic-conditions-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#5
Wangqian Ma, Jia Yang, Peiwei Li, Xinliang Lu, Jianting Cai
We aimed to assess the association between allergic conditions and risk/mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC). A systematic literature search was conducted using Pubmed and Embase to identify relevant studies. Prospective studies assessing the association between allergic conditions and risk/mortality of CRC were included. Risk ratios (RRs) were pooled with either a fixed- or a random-effects model according to heterogeneity. A total of 515379 participants and 10345 CRC cases from 12 studies were included in the analysis of CRC risk, while four studies with 1484741 individuals and 30040 CRC deaths were included in the analysis of CRC mortality...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715920/genital-tract-gbs-and-rate-of-histologic-chorioamnionitis-in-patients-with-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membrane
#6
Krunal Patel, Shauna Williams, George Guirguis, Lisa Gittens-Williams, Joseph Apuzzio
INTRODUCTION: Histologic chorioamnionitis (HC) is a common finding in the placenta from patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). The purpose of this study is to determine if HC differs based on the Group B streptococcus (GBS) status in patients managed expectantly with PPROM <34 weeks gestation. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of patients admitted with PPROM between 23 0/7 and 33 6/7 weeks from 2003 to 2014 at one institution...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712179/clinical-spectrum-of-solitary-rectal-ulcer-in-children-presenting-with-per-rectal-bleed
#7
Muhammad Nadeem Anjum, Huma Arshad Cheema, Hassan Suleman Malik, Muhammad Almas Hashmi
BACKGROUND: Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is a benign and chronic disorder well known in young adults and less common in children. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical spectrum of solitary rectal ulcer in children with bleeding per rectum. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology& Nutrition; The Children's Hospital & The Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from January-December 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710725/clinicopathologic-parameters-associated-with-postoperative-complications-and-risk-factors-for-tumor-recurrence-and-mortality-after-tumor-resection-of-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#8
Z Bai, J Wang, T Wang, Y Li, X Zhao, G Wu, Y Yang, W Deng, Z Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To delineate the association of postoperative complications with clinicopathologic factors and to identify risk factors for tumor recurrence and mortality after tumor resection in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The clinical data of 1144 patients with CRC who underwent surgical intervention between 2003 and 2013 were retrieved. Correlations of postoperative complications with clinicopathologic factors were examined using univariate analysis...
July 14, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705638/laparoscopic-assisted-duhamel-procedure-with-ex-anal-rectal-transection-for-total-colonic-aganglionosis
#9
Xi Zhang, Guo-Qing Cao, Shao-Tao Tang, Xiao-Pan Chang, Shuai Li, Li Yang, Kang Li, Ying Zhou, De-Hua Yang
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic-assisted Duhamel procedure has a larger anastomosis and a reservoir which allows early recovery of defecation frequency, but concerns have been raised regarding the long operative time, high incidence of pouchitis and Hirschsprung associated enterocolitis (HAEC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postoperative complications and functional outcomes for patients with TCA undergoing modified laparoscopic-assisted Duhamel procedure (MLDP) with ex-abdominal partial colectomy and ex-anal rectal transection...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698020/first-outbreak-of-colonization-by-linezolid-and-glycopeptide-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-harbouring-the-cfr-gene-in-a-uk-nephrology-unit
#10
Teresa Inkster, John Coia, Danièle Meunier, Michel Doumith, Kate Martin, Rachel Pike, Laura Imrie, Hayley Kane, Marlene Hay, Camilla Wiuff, Julie Wilson, Chris Deighan, Katie L Hopkins, Neil Woodford, Robert Hill
AIM: To describe an outbreak of colonization by linezolid- and glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium harbouring the cfr gene, in a UK nephrology unit. METHODS: Isolates of linezolid-resistant E. faecium were typed by PFGE and examined by PCR and sequencing for the transmissible cfr gene that confers resistance to linezolid. Enhanced environmental cleaning, initial and weekly screening of all patients and monitoring of adherence to standard infection control precautions (SICPs) were implemented...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695708/targeting-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-and-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-simultaneously-to-modulate-colonic-motility-and-visceral-sensation-in-the-mouse-a-pharmacological-intervention-with-n-arachidonoyl-serotonin-aa-5-ht
#11
M Bashashati, J Fichna, F Piscitelli, R Capasso, A A Izzo, A Sibaev, J-P Timmermans, N Cenac, N Vergnolle, V Di Marzo, M Storr
BACKGROUND: Endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) inhibits intestinal motility and visceral pain, but it may also be proalgesic through transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1). AEA is degraded by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). This study explored whether dual inhibition of FAAH and TRPV1 reduces diarrhea and abdominal pain. METHODS: Immunostaining was performed on myenteric plexus of the mouse colon. The effects of the dual FAAH/TRPV1 inhibitor AA-5-HT on electrically induced contractility, excitatory junction potential (EJP) and fast (f) and slow (s) inhibitory junction potentials (IJP) in the mouse colon, colonic propulsion and visceromotor response (VMR) to rectal distension were studied...
July 11, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693930/the-prevalence-of-rectal-carriage-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-amongst-diabetic-patients-and-their-clinical-relevance-in-taiwan-a-five-year-prospective-study
#12
Yu-Tsung Huang, Ju-Ying Jiang, Meng-Shiuan Hsu, Hsin-Sui Hsu, Chun-Hsing Liao, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) and bacteremia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae is a common complication among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of rectal carriage and serotype distribution of K. pneumoniae amongst DM patients and their clinical relevance. METHODS: We prospectively collected rectal swabs for K. pneumoniae culture in asymptomatic DM patients from March 2008 to June 2009. Seven capsular serotypes that were commonly associated with PLA were determined by capsular polysaccharide synthesis (cps) genotyping...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693929/impact-of-broad-spectrum-antimicrobial-treatment-on-the-ecology-of-intestinal-flora
#13
Jen-Jia Yang, Jann-Tay Wang, Aristine Cheng, Yu-Chung Chuang, Wang-Huei Sheng
BACKGROUND: Suppression of intestinal flora by broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents facilitated risk of colonization or infection with resistant pathogen. We aimed to investigate the changes in bowel carriage of target resistant microorganisms (TRO) among patients treated with three different classes of Pseudomonas-sparing broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents (ertapenem, moxifloxacin and flomoxef) with anaerobic coverage. Risk factors for developing colonization of TRO were also analyzed...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693636/acquisition-of-clostridium-difficile-colonization-and-infection-after-transfer-from-a-veterans-affairs-hospital-to-an-affiliated-long-term-care-facility
#14
Suresh Ponnada, Dubert M Guerrero, Lucy A Jury, Michelle M Nerandzic, Jennifer L Cadnum, M Jahangir Alam, Curtis J Donskey
BACKGROUND Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and asymptomatic carriage of toxigenic C. difficile are common in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). However, whether C. difficile is frequently acquired in the LTCF versus during acute-care admissions remains unknown. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that LTCF residents often acquire C. difficile colonization and infection in the LTCF DESIGN This 5-month cohort study was conducted to determine the incidence of acquisition of C. difficile colonization and infection in asymptomatic patients transferred from a Veterans Affairs hospital to an affiliated LTCF...
July 11, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690771/multicenter-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-the-high-definition-white-light-endoscopy-and-the-bright-narrow-band-imaging-for-colon-polyps
#15
Rajvinder Singh, Kuan Loong Cheong, Leonardo Zorron Cheng Tao Pu, Dileep Mangira, Doreen Siew Ching Koay, Carmen Kee, Siew Chien Ng, Rungsun Rerknimitr, Satimai Aniwan, Tiing-Leong Ang, Khean-Lee Goh, Shiaw Hooi Ho, James Yun-Wong Lau
AIM: To compare high definition white light endoscopy and bright narrow band imaging for colon polyps' detection rates. METHODS: Patients were randomised to high definition white light endoscopy (HD-WLE) or the bright narrow band imaging (bNBI) during withdrawal of the colonoscope. Polyps identified in either mode were characterised using bNBI with dual focus (bNBI-DF) according to the Sano's classification. The primary outcome was to compare adenoma detection rates (ADRs) between the two arms...
June 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688514/pain-control-with-continuous-infusion-preperitoneal-wound-catheters-versus-continuous-epidural-analgesia-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Nicolas J Mouawad, Stefan W Leichtle, Christodoulos Kaoutzanis, Kathleen Welch, Suzanne Winter, Richard Lampman, Matt McCord, Kimberly A Hoskins, Robert K Cleary
OBJECTIVE: To compare continuous infusion preperitoneal wound catheters (CPA) versus continuous epidural analgesia (CEA) after elective colorectal surgery. METHODS: An open-label equivalence trial randomizing patients to CPA or CEA. Primary outcomes were postoperative pain as determined by numeric pain scores and supplemental narcotic analgesia requirements. Secondary outcomes included incidence of complications and patient health status measured with the SF-36 Health Survey (Acute Form)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685792/digestive-neuroendocrine-tumors-reclassifying-of-26-cases-according-to-2010-who-classification
#17
Abir Chaabane, Issam M'sakni, Basma Laabidi, Fathi Bougrine, Ammar Bouziani
BACKGROUND: The classification of digestive neuroendocrine tumors is difficult due to their heterogeneity and rareness. AIMS: Reclassify the digestive neuroendocrine tumors according  to  the  WHO-2010 classification .  Methods: A retrospective study included   26 patients having digestive neuroendocrine     tumors ,  is achieved  in our  Pathology  Laboratory  of the Military Hospital of  Tunis between 2000 and 2013. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 49...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684936/intestinal-stomas-postoperative-stoma-care-and-peristomal-skin-complications
#18
REVIEW
Emily Steinhagen, Janice Colwell, Lisa M Cannon
Intestinal stomas are necessary for several colon and rectal conditions and represent a major change in the new ostomate's daily life. Though dehydration is the most frequent etiology requiring readmission, irritant contact dermatitis and a host of other peristomal skin conditions are more common complications for ostomates. Wound, ostomy, and continence nurses are invaluable resources to both ostomy patients and providers. A few simple interventions can prevent or resolve most common peristomal complications...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684185/transabdominal-ultrasound-colonography-for-detection-of-colorectal-neoplasms-initial-clinical-experience
#19
Jin-Ya Liu, Li-Da Chen, Jian-Bo Xu, Hui Wu, Jin-Ning Ye, Xin-Hua Zhang, Xiao-Yan Xie, Wei Wang, Ming-De Lu
We investigated the feasibility of using ultrasound colonography (USC) to visualize the healthy colon and rectum and detect colorectal polyps. Eight healthy volunteers underwent USC after standard bowel preparation. The feasibility and image quality of USC in different segments were evaluated. Then, USC was conducted on eight patients with known colonic neoplasms using colonoscopy as the reference standard. For volunteers, USC examinations were successfully performed on four (50.0%) ascending, three (37.5%) transverse and eight (100%) descending colons, as well as all sigmoid colons and rectums...
July 3, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683006/height-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#20
Xinyuan Song, Xiuzhen Gong, Tong Zhang, Wenjie Jiang
Several epidemiological studies have investigated the relationship between height and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but the results were inconsistent. Thus, a meta-analysis of observational studies was carried out to clarify this association. A literature search was performed in PubMed and Web of Science databases for all relevant studies up to 25 May 2016. The random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled relative risks (RRs) and restricted cubic spline model was adopted for the dose-response analysis...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
keyword
keyword
8987
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"