keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rectal colon

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206969/age-adjusted-charlson-comorbidity-index-score-as-predictor-of-prolonged-postoperative-ileus-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-who-underwent-surgical-resection
#1
Yaohua Tian, Beibei Xu, Guopei Yu, Yan Li, Hui Liu
Comorbidities had considerable effects on the development of postoperative ileus (POI). The primary aim of the present study was to determine the influence of the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) score on the risk of prolonged POI in patients with colorectal cancer who underwent surgical resection. Using the electronic Hospitalization Summary Reports, we identified 11,397 patients with colorectal cancer who underwent surgical resection from 2013 through 2015. Logistic regression models were applied to evaluate the effect of the ACCI score on the risk of prolonged POI...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203378/screening-for-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-with-xpert%C3%A2-vana-vanb-diagnostic-accuracy-and-impact-on-infection-control-decision-making
#2
B J Holzknecht, D S Hansen, L Nielsen, A Kailow, J O Jarløv
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are increasingly important nosocomial pathogens and screening for colonization status is a mainstay in infection control. We implemented PCR-based screening during vanA-positive Enterococcus faecium outbreaks in four university hospitals in Copenhagen, Denmark. Xpert(®)vanA/vanB was performed directly on rectal swabs and the vanA PCR result was used to guide infection control measures. Concurrently, all samples were selectively cultured including an overnight enrichment step...
March 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196361/introduction-of-robotic-surgery-into-a-community-hospital-setting-a-prospective-comparison-of-robotic-and-open-colorectal-resection-for-cancer
#3
Marek Zawadzki, Małgorzata Krzystek-Korpacka, Marek Rząca, Roman Czarnecki, Zbigniew Obuszko, Wojciech Witkiewicz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare robotic colorectal surgery (RCS) performed by a team having limited expertise in robotic surgery with open colorectal surgery (OCS) performed by experienced colorectal surgeons. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative nonrandomized study. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and June 2015, 79 patients with colon and rectal adenocarcinoma were enrolled into the study. Of these, 41 patients underwent OCS and 38 underwent RCS...
February 15, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194568/t1-colon-cancer-in-the-era-of-screening-risk-factors-and-treatment
#4
F Bianco, S De Franciscis, A Belli, A Falato, R Fusco, D F Altomare, A Amato, C R Asteria, A Avallone, G A Binda, L Boccia, P Buzzo, M Carvello, C Coco, P Delrio, P De Nardi, M Di Lena, A Failla, F La Torre, M La Torre, M Lemma, P Luffarelli, G Manca, I Maretto, F Marino, A Muratore, A Pascariello, S Pucciarelli, D Rega, V Ripetti, G Rizzo, A Serventi, A Spinelli, F Tatangelo, E D L Urso, G M Romano
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for lymph node positivity in T1 colon cancer and to carry out a surgical quality assurance audit. METHODS: The sample consisted of consecutive patients treated for early-stage colon lesions in 15 colorectal referral centres between 2011 and 2014. The study investigated 38 factors grouped into four categories: demographic information, preoperative data, indications for surgery and post-operative data...
February 13, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194176/clinicopathological-features-and-prognostic-factors-of-colorectal-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#5
Mengjie Jiang, Yinuo Tan, Xiaofen Li, Jianfei Fu, Hanguang Hu, Xianyun Ye, Ying Cao, Jinghong Xu, Ying Yuan
Background. Limited research is available regarding colorectal NENs and the prognostic factors remain controversial. Materials and Methods. A total of 68 patients with colorectal NENs were studied retrospectively. Clinical characteristics and prognosis between colonic and rectal NENs were compared. The Cox regression models were used to evaluate the predictive capacity. Results. Of the 68 colorectal NENs patients, 43 (63.2%) had rectal NENs, and 25 (36.8%) had colonic NENs. Compared with rectal NENs, colonic NENs more frequently exhibited larger tumor size (P < 0...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191373/capecitabine-associated-loss-of-fingerprints-report-of-capecitabine-induced-adermatoglyphia-in-two-women-with-breast-cancer-and-review-of-acquired-dermatoglyphic-absence-in-oncology-patients-treated-with-capecitabine
#6
Philip R Cohen
Capecitabine, an oral 5-fluorouracil prodrug, is currently used in the treatment of metastatic colorectal carcinoma and breast cancer. Fingerprints, also referred to as dermatoglyphics and characterized by the pattern of ridges and furrows on the fingertips, are used for identification by government agencies and personal electronic devices. Two women with breast cancer who were treated with capecitabine and developed drug-associated loss of their fingerprints are described. PubMed was used to search the following terms separately and in combination: absence, adermatoglyphia, breast, cancer, capecitabine, carcinoma, colon, colorectal, dermatoglyphics, fingerprint, fluorouracil, foot, hand, loss, malignancy, nasopharyngeal, oncology, reaction, rectal, skin, syndrome, tumor, and xeloda...
January 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188417/the-efficacy-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-colorectal-tumors-extending-to-the-dentate-line
#7
Satohiro Matsumoto, Hirosato Mashima
PURPOSE: Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is becoming the mainstay of the treatment strategies, rather than surgical treatment, for colorectal tumors extending to the dentate line, ESD is technically more difficult. This study was aimed at assessing the usefulness of ESD for the treatment of colorectal tumors extending to the dentate line. METHODS: This study included 531 patients with colorectal tumors who underwent colorectal ESD between 2008 and 2015...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187432/comprehensive-investigation-of-a-novel-differentially-expressed-lncrna-expression-profile-signature-to-assess-the-survival-of-patients-with-colorectal-adenocarcinoma
#8
Jiang-Hui Zeng, Liang Liang, Rong-Quan He, Rui-Xue Tang, Xiao-Yong Cai, Jun-Qiang Chen, Dian-Zhong Luo, Gang Chen
Growing evidence has shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can serve as prospective markers for survival in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma. However, most studies have explored a limited number of lncRNAs in a small number of cases. The objective of this study is to identify a panel of lncRNA signature that could evaluate the prognosis in colorectal adenocarcinoma based on the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Altogether, 371 colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) patients with complete clinical data were included in our study as the test cohort...
February 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185025/constipation-pathophysiology-and-current-therapeutic-approaches
#9
Amol Sharma, Satish Rao
Chronic constipation is a common, persistent condition affecting many patients worldwide, presenting significant economic burden and resulting in substantial healthcare utilization. In addition to infrequent bowel movements, the definition of constipation includes excessive straining, a sense of incomplete evacuation, failed or lengthy attempts to defecate, use of digital manoeuvres for evacuation of stool, abdominal bloating, and hard consistency of stools. After excluding secondary causes of constipation, chronic idiopathic or primary constipation can be classified as functional defecation disorder, slow-transit constipation (STC), and constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C)...
February 10, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181835/irinotecan-encapsulated-double-reverse-thermosensitive-nanocarrier-system-for-rectal-administration
#10
Fakhar Ud Din, Ju Yeon Choi, Dong Wuk Kim, Omer Mustapha, Dong Shik Kim, Raj Kumar Thapa, Sae Kwang Ku, Yu Seok Youn, Kyung Taek Oh, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim, Han-Gon Choi
Intravenously administered for the treatment of rectum cancer, irinotecan produces severe side effects due to very high plasma concentrations. A novel irinotecan-encapsulated double reverse thermosensitive nanocarrier system (DRTN) for rectal administration was developed as an alternative. The DRTN was fabricated by dispersing the thermosensitive irinotecan-encapsulated solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) in the thermosensitive poloxamer solution. Its gel properties, pharmacokinetics, morphology, anticancer activity and immunohistopathology were assessed after its rectal administration to rats and tumor-bearing mice...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178025/the-short-term-impact-of-colorectal-cancer-treatment-on-physical-activity-functional-status-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#11
C J Cabilan, Sonia Hines
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, functional status and quality of life (QoL) are important determinants of the quality of life (QoL) after colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment; however, little is known on how the treatment impacts these outcomes. Having this understanding could help clinicians develop and implement strategies that would enhance or maintain the QoL of CRC patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify the impact of curative CRC treatment (surgery with or without radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy) on physical activity, functional status and QoL within one year of treatment or diagnosis...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178001/colon-and-rectal-surgery-regional-society-meetings
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178000/residency-programs-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175996/fractionated-abdominal-irradiation-induces-intestinal-microvascular-changes-in-an-in-vivo-model-of-radiotherapy-induced-gut-toxicity
#14
Romany L Stansborough, Emma H Bateman, Noor Al-Dasooqi, Joanne M Bowen, Dorothy M K Keefe, Ann S J Yeoh, Richard M Logan, Eric E K Yeoh, Andrea M Stringer, Rachel J Gibson
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy-induced gut toxicity (RIGT) is associated with diarrhoea, pain and rectal bleeding and can occur as an acute or chronic toxicity. The microvasculature has been shown to be altered in the development of RIGT; however, the features are not yet characterized. We hypothesized that apoptosis of microvascular cells would occur early in the gastrointestinal tract following fractionated irradiation, followed by late microvascular changes, including sclerosis and telangiectasis...
February 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173877/bilateral-ovarian-micrometastatic-adenocarcinoma-upon-prophylactic-oophorectomy-concurrent-with-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#15
Robin Irons, Erin McIntosh, Alexandre Hageboutros, David Warshal, Steven McClane
BACKGROUND: This case report draws attention to the debated role of prophylactic oophorectomy in women undergoing definitive surgical resection of colon and rectal cancers. It can be challenging to discern the indications and appropriate patient population for this procedure based on the current literature. Potential benefits include treatment and prevention of metastatic disease, preventing development of primary ovarian cancer, and prolonging survival. Negative effects include an increase in operative time and potential morbidity, development of osteoporosis, the risk of cardiac events, and decreasing sexual function...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167665/microbial-strain-level-population-structure-and-genetic-diversity-from-metagenomes
#16
Duy Tin Truong, Adrian Tett, Edoardo Pasolli, Curtis Huttenhower, Nicola Segata
Among the human health conditions linked to microbial communities, phenotypes are often associated with only a subset of strains within causal microbial groups. While it has been critical for decades in microbial physiology to characterize individual strains, this has been challenging when using culture-independent high-throughput metagenomics. We introduce StrainPhlAn, a novel metagenomic strain identification approach, and apply it to characterize the genetic structure of thousands of strains from >125 species in >1,500 gut metagenomes drawn from populations spanning North/South American, European, Asian, and African countries...
February 6, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165313/colonoscopic-and-histologic-features-of-rectal-masses-in-dogs-82-cases-1995-2012
#17
Krista N Adamovich-Rippe, Philipp D Mayhew, Stanley L Marks, Laura E Selmic, William T N Culp, Angela M Youello, Jeffrey J Runge, David E Holt, Philip H Kass, John R Peauroi
OBJECTIVE To evaluate colonoscopic and histologic features of rectal masses in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 82 client-owned dogs with rectal masses that underwent colonoscopy. PROCEDURES Medical records of dogs with rectal masses that underwent colonoscopy were reviewed. History, signalment, clinical signs, results of physical examination, diagnostic imaging findings, and results of colonoscopy (including complications) were recorded. When available, tissue samples obtained during colonoscopy and by means of surgical biopsy were reviewed by a single board-certified pathologist...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160966/influence-of-intraoperative-radiation-therapy-on-locally-advanced-and-recurrent-colorectal-tumors-a-16-year-experience
#18
Justin T Brady, Benjamin P Crawshaw, Barrington Murrell, Eslam M G Dosokey, Murad A Jabir, Scott R Steele, Sharon L Stein, Harry L Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) has been proposed as a tool to improve local control in patients with locally advanced primary or recurrent colorectal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective review (1999-2015) of all patients undergoing IORT for locally advanced or recurrent colorectal cancer at a single academic center was performed. Patient demographics, oncologic staging, short-term and long-term outcomes were reviewed. RESULTS: There were 77 patients (mean age 63 ± 11 years) identified, of whom 19 had colon cancer, 57 had rectal cancer, and 2 had appendiceal cancers...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159236/immunomodulatory-effects-of-bifidobacterium-bifidum-231-on-trinitrobenzenesulfonic-acid-induced-ulcerative-colitis-in-rats
#19
C S V Satish Kumar, K Kondal Reddy, G Boobalan, A Gopala Reddy, C H Sudha Rani Chowdhary, A Vinoth, K Jayakanth, G Srinivasa Rao
AIM: Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are two important chronic Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) characterized by prominent intestinal inflammation. Probiotics are the bacteria that promote the host health by its immunomodulatory activity. The present study investigated the correlation between in vitro adhesion and immunomodulatory properties, and to assess the therapeutic potential of Bifidobacterium bifidum 231 (BIF 231), a new strain of probiotic in ulcerative colitis in rats...
February 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156480/effect-of-red-blood-cell-transfusions-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-an-ambulatory-oncology-population
#20
Kimberly D Moeller, Lawrence David Wagman
: 78 Background: The standard transfusion (Tf) trigger in the hospitalized patient is hemoglobin (Hgb) level driven. Triggers in the ambulatory oncology population are often symptom based. The symptoms of exercise intolerance (EI), fatigue (F), and shortness of breath (SOB) were identified from a hospital quality review. The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient reported symptom (SX) changes following red blood cell (RBC) Tf. METHODS: Standardized Tf orders required symptom indication(s) which include EI, F, SOB and Other...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
8987
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"