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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820743/sleep-apnea-a-review-of-diagnostic-sensors-algorithms-and-therapies
#1
Mehdi Shokoueinejad, Chris Fernandez, Emily Carroll, Fa Wang, Jake Levin, Sam Rusk, Nick Glattard, Ashley Mulchrone, Xuan Zhang, Ailiang Xie, Mihaela Teodorescu, Jerome Dempsey, John Webster
While public awareness of sleep related disorders is growing, sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) remains a public health and economic challenge. Over the last two decades, extensive controlled epidemiologic research has clarified the incidence, risk factors including the obesity epidemic, and global prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as well as establishing a growing body of literature linking OSA with cardiovascular morbidity, mortality, metabolic dysregulation, and neurocognitive impairment. The US Institute of Medicine Committee on Sleep Medicine estimates that 50-70 million US adults have sleep or wakefulness disorders...
August 18, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803593/predictors-of-obtaining-follow-up-care-in-the-province-of-ontario-canada-following-a-new-diagnosis-of-atrial-fibrillation-heart-failure-and-hypertension-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Clare L Atzema, Bing Yu, Noah M Ivers, Paula A Rochon, Douglas S Lee, Michael J Schull, Peter C Austin
OBJECTIVE: Patients with cardiovascular diseases are common in the emergency department (ED), and continuity of care following that visit is needed to ensure that they receive evidence-based diagnostic tests and therapy. We examined the frequency of follow-up care after discharge from an ED with a new diagnosis of one of three cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with a new diagnosis of heart failure, atrial fibrillation, or hypertension, who were discharged from 157 non-pediatric EDs in Ontario, Canada, between April 2007 and March 2014...
August 14, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800865/contemporary-reviews-in-critical-care-medicine-anaphylaxis
#3
REVIEW
Daniel LoVerde, Onyinye I Iweala, Ariana Eginli, Guha Krishnaswamy
Anaphylaxis is a systemic, life threatening disorder triggered by mediators released by mast cells and basophils activated via allergic (IgE-mediated) or non-allergic (non-IgE-mediated) mechanisms. It is a rapidly evolving, multisystem process involving the integumentary, pulmonary, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. Anaphylaxis and angioedema are serious disorders that can lead to fatal airway obstruction and culminate in cardiorespiratory arrest resulting in hypoxemia and/or shock. Often, these disorders can be appropriately managed in an outpatient setting...
August 8, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797422/in-hospital-outcomes-of-percutaneous%C3%A2-coronary-intervention-in%C3%A2-america-s-safety%C3%A2-net-insights-from-the-ncdr-cath-pci-registry
#4
Tushar Acharya, Adam C Salisbury, John A Spertus, Kevin F Kennedy, Amarbir Bhullar, H Kiran K Reddy, Bipin K Joshi, John A Ambrose
OBJECTIVES: This study compared risk-adjusted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) outcomes of safety-net hospitals (SNHs) and non-SNHs. BACKGROUND: Although risk adjustment is used to compare hospitals, SNHs treat a disproportionate share of uninsured and underinsured patients, who may have unmeasured risk factors, limited health care access, and poorer outcomes than patients treated at non-SNHs. METHODS: Using the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI Registry from 2009 to 2015, we analyzed 3,746,961 patients who underwent PCI at 282 SNHs (hospitals where ≥10% of PCI patients were uninsured) and 1,134 non-SNHs...
August 14, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782308/a-prospective-observational-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-and-clinical-profile-of-patients-of-hypertensive-crisis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
Santosh B Salagre, Shobha M Itolikar, Kapil Gedam
BACKGROUND: Hypertension can present in crisis form as 'hypertensive urgency'(HU) or as 'hypertensive emergency' (HE). Both the conditions are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. AIM: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, course of illness, end-organ damage and survival outcome in patients with hypertensive crisis. METHODOLOGY: This prospective observational year-long study was conducted after due ethical considerations on 120 adult non-pregnant patients who presented with blood pressure of >180/120 mm Hg in the emergency medical services of a tertiary care hospital...
June 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777178/sleep-disordered-breathing
#6
Nancy R Foldvary-Schaefer, Tina E Waters
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep-disordered breathing encompasses a broad spectrum of sleep-related breathing disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea, as well as sleep-related hypoventilation and hypoxemia. Diagnostic criteria have been updated in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Manual for Scoring Sleep and Associated Events. Neurologic providers should have basic knowledge and skills to identify at-risk patients, as these disorders are associated with substantial morbidity, the treatment of which is largely reversible...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774317/measuring-the-effect-of-nurse-practitioner-np-led-care-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adult-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Marcie J Smigorowsky, Colleen M Norris, Micheal Sean McMurtry, Ross T Tsuyuki
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and healthcare resource use. The prevalence of AF is increasing with a growing and aging population, and timely access to care for these patients is a concern. Nontraditional models of care delivery, such as nurse practitioner (NP)-led clinics, may improve access to care and quality of care, but they require formal assessment. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of NP-led care on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adult patients with AF...
August 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768610/behavior-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-ehealth-interventions-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review
#8
Orlaith Mairead Duff, Deirdre Mj Walsh, Bróna A Furlong, Noel E O'Connor, Kieran A Moran, Catherine B Woods
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death and disability in Europe, accounting for 4 million deaths per year and costing the European Union economy almost €196 billion annually. There is strong evidence to suggest that exercise-based secondary rehabilitation programs can decrease the mortality risk and improve health among patients with CVD. Theory-informed use of behavior change techniques (BCTs) is important in the design of cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at changing cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765470/the-role-of-oral-health-care-professionals-in-providing-medical-services
#9
Michael Glick, Barbara L Greenberg
Integration of oral health care professionals (OHCPs) into medical care could advance efforts to control increasingly prevalent conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and hepatitis C infection, each of which is associated with significant morbidity and health care costs. Prevention and early intervention are effective for reducing the incidence and severity of these diseases, while increasing cost of health care may drive the need for nontraditional models of health education and delivery...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758605/rescue-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-therapy-in-methamphetamine-toxicity
#10
Laura K Morrison, J Kromm, J Gaudet, D Zuege, B Button, F Warshawski, S N Lucyk
Complications related to methamphetamine use and abuse are common presentations seen in the emergency department. Standard management focuses on addressing the central nervous system and cardiovascular effects with the use of sedation and hemodynamic support. We describe a case report of a patient with methamphetamine toxicity and subsequent severe cardiomyopathy refractory to conventional management that responded to cardiovascular support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy (ECMO). A 22-year-old female was admitted in severe cardiogenic shock following intravenous administration of methamphetamine and oral fentanyl use...
July 31, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757746/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-emergency-department-revisits-within-72-hours-and-subsequent-admission-to-the-intensive-care-unit
#11
I-Ting Tsai, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Chao-Sung Chang, Kuo-Hsin Lee, Chih-Yu Liang, Chih-Wei Hsu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of patients with emergency department (ED) revisits within 72 hours and subsequent admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of all adult patients revisiting the ED of a single tertiary referral medical center with ICU admissions between January 2012 and September 2014 were reviewed in terms of patient characteristics, clinical manifestations, diagnoses, triage according to the Taiwan Triage and Acuity Scale, causes of revisits, and mortality...
October 2016: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757537/knowledge-translation-for-cardiovascular-disease-research-and-management-in-japan
#12
Nusrat S Shommu, Tanvir C Turin
Knowledge translation is an essential and emerging arena in healthcare research. It is the process of aiding the application of research knowledge into clinical practice or policymaking. Individuals at all levels of the health care system, including patients, healthcare professionals, and policymakers, are affected by the gaps that exist between research evidence and practice; the process of knowledge translation plays a role in bridging these gaps and incorporating high-quality clinical research into decision-making...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752154/epidemiology-pathophysiology-clinical-evaluation-and-treatment-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-child-infant-and-fetus
#13
REVIEW
Atilla Alp Gozubuyuk, Huseyin Dag, Alper Kacar, Yakup Karakurt, Vefik Arica
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is one of the most common types of poisoning causing death worldwide. In our country, it occurs particularly during winter as a result of leak from stove or water heater, or as result of inhalation during a fire. Although most poisonings occur accidentally, some cases are suicide attempt. As CO is a substance that is not visible and has no taste or smell and is therefore difficult to detect, the gas can be a "silent killer" that is not noticed until effects develop. CO reacts with oxygen, creating carboxy hemoglobin (COHb), which leads to tissue hypoxia...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750080/beliefs-about-hypertension-among-nigerian-immigrants-to-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study
#14
James Tosin Akinlua, Richard Meakin, Nick Freemantle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to elicit beliefs about hypertension among Nigerian immigrants in the United Kingdom. BACKGROUND: The distributions of cardiovascular risk factors and diseases are not shared equally across ethnic and economic groups in the United Kingdom. Its burden is more clustered among minority ethnic populations and migrant groups including black African Nigerian migrants. Similar patterns have been reported across Europe, Australia, Canada, Nordic countries and the United States of America...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748625/multiple-risk-factor-counseling-to-promote-heart-healthy-lifestyles-in-the-chest-pain-observation-unit-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
David A Katz, Mark Graber, Patricia Lounsbury, Mark W Vander Weg, Emily K Phillips, Christina Clair, Phillip A Horwitz, Xueya Cai, Alan J Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Admission to the chest pain observation unit (CPOU) may be an advantageous time for patients to consider heart-healthy lifestyle changes while undergoing diagnostic evaluation to rule out myocardial ischemia. The aim of this pragmatic trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multiple risk factor intervention in changing CPOU patients' health beliefs and readiness to change health behaviors. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary estimates of the intervention's effect on diet, physical activity, and smoking...
July 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747700/association-of-pre-operative-estimated-gfr-on-post-operative-pulmonary-complications-in-laparoscopic-surgeries
#16
Akihiro Shimomura, Yoshitsugu Obi, Reza Fazl Alizadeh, Shiri Li, Ninh T Nguyen, Michael J Stamos, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Hirohito Ichii
Despite a large body of evidence showing the pandemic of chronic kidney disease, the impact of pre-operative kidney function on the risk of post-operative pulmonary complications (PPCs) is not well known. We used multivariable logistic regression analyses with 3-level hierarchical adjustments to identify the association of pre-operative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with PPCs in laparoscopic surgeries. Among 452,213 patients between 2005 and 2013 in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) Database, a total of 3,727 patients (0...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743315/tight-intra-operative-blood-pressure-control-versus-standard-care-for-patients-undergoing-hip-fracture-repair-hip-fracture-intervention-study-for-prevention-of-hypotension-hip-hop-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Iain Keith Moppett, Stuart White, Richard Griffiths, Donal Buggy
BACKGROUND: Hypotension during anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery is common. Recent data suggest that there is an association between the lowest intra-operative blood pressure and mortality, even when adjusted for co-morbidities. This is consistent with data derived from the wider surgical population, where magnitude and duration of hypotension are associated with mortality and peri-operative complications. However, there are no trial to data to support more aggressive blood pressure control...
July 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738519/magnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-as-novel-and-efficient-tools-for-atherosclerosis-diagnosis
#18
REVIEW
María Gabriela Montiel Schneider, Verónica Leticia Lassalle
Cardiovascular complications derivate from atherosclerosis are the main cause of death in western world. An early detection of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques is primordial for a better care of patients suffering the pathology. In this context nanotechnology has emerged as a promising tool to achieve this goal. Nanoparticles based on magnetic iron oxide (MNPs) have been extensively studied in cardiovascular diseases diagnosis, as well as in the treatment and diagnostic of other pathologies. The present review aims to describe and analyze the most current literature regarding to this topic, offering the level of detail required to reproduce the experimental tasks providing a critical input of the latest available reports...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718237/accidental-intra-arterial-injection-and-limb-ischemia
#19
Abdul Malik, Ikramullah, Muhammad Gibran Khan, Syed Murad Ali Shah, Muhammad Ilyas
BACKGROUND: Accidental intra-arterial drug injections usually occur as an iatrogenic complication but it is also found in drug abusers as a result of attempted intravenous (IV) injections. It is estimated that accidental intra-arterial injections are found in 1:3500-1:56000 patients visiting emergency department. METHODS: This was cross sectional study performed in cardiovascular department Lady reading Hospital Peshawar from 1.1.2013 to 31.8.2015. Accidental intra-arterial injection was defined as intravenous injection in upper limb for any illness which is followed by sudden severe pain in limb followed by bluish discoloration of any part of limb...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712683/-stratification-of-thoracic-pain-with-modified-heart-score-and-its-relationship-to-short-term-cardiovascular-events
#20
Manuel Chacón-Diaz, Jorge Salinas, Rafael Doig
OBJECTIVE: Chest pain is a major reason for emergency room care worldwide. The relationship between the Modified Heart Score and the presence of major cardiac events at 30 days after emergency admission was evaluated. METHODS: Retrospective, observational study in a single center. In patients older than 18 years old, who were treated for chest pain, in whom the Modified HEART Score was applied at admission and related to the presence of major cardiac events (myocardial infarction, death, hospitalization due to cardiac causes and percutaneous coronary revascularization Or surgical) at 30 days of follow-up...
July 13, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
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