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morbidity pattern in old home age

Chris P Verschoor, Lisa M McEwen, Michael S Kobor, Mark B Loeb, Dawn M E Bowdish
Elderly residents of long-term care commonly exhibit a number of age-related health deficits, including impaired physical and cognitive function, chronic illnesses, and chronic inflammation. Given our previous data relating the phenotype and function of innate and adaptive leukocytes from the nursing home elderly to chronic conditions and inflammatory biomarkers, we hypothesized that these factors would influence the regulatory programming of immune cells, thereby contributing to immune dysfunction. Since DNA methylation represents both an important regulatory mechanism of cells as well as a biomarker of health and disease, we sought to characterize the methylome of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the nursing home elderly (n=23; 82-98years old, 70% female), and compare these patterns to pathological factors such as dementia, co-morbidity score and frailty, and immune-related factors such as serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and cytokine levels and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccine responsiveness...
October 12, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
Almamy M Kanté, Hialy R Gutierrez, Anna M Larsen, Elizabeth F Jackson, Stéphane Helleringer, Amon Exavery, Kassimu Tani, James F Phillips
INTRODUCTION: This paper identifies factors influencing differences in the prevalence of diarrhea, fever and acute respiratory infection (ARI), and health seeking behavior among caregivers of children under age five in rural Tanzania. METHODS: Using cross-sectional survey data collected in Kilombero, Ulanga, and Rufiji districts, the analysis included 1,643 caregivers who lived with 2,077 children under five years old. Logistic multivariate and multinomial regressions were used to analyze factors related to disease prevalence and to health seeking behavior...
2015: BMC Public Health
Viviana Gómez Ortega, Daniel Sastoque
UNLABELLED: Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS) is an infrequent, acquired disorder characterized by progressive hemiatrophy of the skin and soft tissue of the face and, in some patients, results in atrophy of muscles, cartilage, and the underlying bony structures.The disease process exhibits varying speeds of development, with onset occurring in early infancy or adolescence. Clinicians have classically reserved treatment until the end of the process. Various treatment modalities have been attempted with differing results...
September 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Susan L Colles, Dimple Kondal, Nidhi Gupta, Kashish Goel, Sunil Bansal, Mamatha Mishra, Vaishali Madkaikar, Swati Bhardwaj
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children is increasing in India. However, knowledge of, attitude towards and practice of health and nutrition in mothers and children have not been researched. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge of, attitude towards and practice of nutrition, physical activity and other lifestyle practices in a nationally representative sample of urban children and mothers in India. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study of 1,800 children aged 9-18 years and their mothers, using qualitative (focus group) and quantitative (semi-structured survey) data...
2013: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Deepak Gupta, Raouf Tadros, Ashish Mazumdar, Ali Moiin, Samir F Fuleihan
BACKGROUND: There are very few reports about end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with breast pains in the medical literature, posing a difficulty to understand their pathophysiology. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old African American female patient with ESRD on hemodialysis presented to the pain clinic with new-onset black maculopapular skin lesions on her breasts. These lesions started out as dark spots and then became necrosed, exposing the underlying tissue...
May 2013: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Tony Robertson, G David Batty, Geoff Der, Michael J Green, Liane M McGlynn, Alan McIntyre, Paul G Shiels, Michaela Benzeval
Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly associated with an increased risk of morbidity and premature mortality, but it is not known if the same is true for telomere length, a marker often used to assess biological ageing. The West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study was used to investigate this and consists of three cohorts aged approximately 35 (N = 775), 55 (N = 866) and 75 years (N = 544) at the time of telomere length measurement. Four sets of measurements of SES were investigated: those collected contemporaneously with telomere length assessment, educational markers, SES in childhood and SES over the preceding twenty years...
2012: PloS One
A Purna Singh, K Lokesh Kumar, C M Pavan Kumar Reddy
BACKGROUND: The phenomenon of population ageing is already a major social and health problem in the developed countries. The elderly have their problems of disease and disability due the increasing age and changing social circumstances and the need for social support forms an important aspect of geriatric healthcare. AIM: To comparatively study the prevalence and pattern of psychiatric disorders in geriatric population in old age homes with those living with the families; and its association with the sociodemographic variables...
January 2012: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Lorena López Castañón
This case report describes an 83 year-old immobilised patient with multiple diseases and on polypharmacy. Nursing care is developed at home. The patient is included in patient care programs for the anticoagulated and polymedicated patient. Nursing assessments were made using the Marjory Gordon functional health patterns, by which we identified, among others, problems related to non-compliance with the pharmacological treatment. The Nurse's Diagnosis was: Ineffective Management of own health. With the support of NANDA, NOC and NIC taxonomy we determined the nursing objectives and interventions...
July 2012: Enfermería Clínica
J Yates, M McKay, A J Nicholson
The objective was to study presentation patterns of scald injuries in children and suggest potential countermeasures to reduce these injuries. We retrospectively studied scald injuries in children attending an urban paediatric emergency department between January 1st and December 31st 2008. Data was extracted from our emergency department database using search terms 'burn', 'scald', 'other burn'. Scalds were analysed for; age at presentation, sex, time of presentation, causal agent, scald outcome and treatment required...
October 2011: Irish Medical Journal
Katarina Hedin, Malin Andre, Anders Håkansson, Sigvard Mölstad, Nils Rodhe, Christer Petersson
BACKGROUND: Infections are the most commonly reported health problems in children. Younger age and day care outside the home are two factors of importance for infectious morbidity. The influence of siblings on infectious symptoms is not clear. OBJECTIVES: To compare families with one child and families with more than one child in terms of reported infectious symptoms, physician consultations and antibiotic prescriptions. METHODS: A prospective population-based survey was performed...
October 2010: Family Practice
Benjamin S C Uzochukwu, Emmanuel O Onwujekwe, Chima A Onoka, Maduka D Ughasoro
BACKGROUND: Childhood fevers due to malaria remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality among under-five children in Nigeria. The degree of vulnerability perceived by mothers will affect their perception of the severity and threat of their child's fever and the patterns of health care use. This study was undertaken to compare maternal responses to childhood fever in urban and rural areas of Enugu, south east Nigeria. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Data was collected with pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaires from 276 and 124 urban and rural households respectively...
2008: PloS One
Silvio Omar Macedo Prietsch, Gilberto Bueno Fischer, Juraci Almeida César, Patrícia Velasques Cervo, Leonardo Luiz Sangaletti, Cácio Ricardo Wietzycoski, Diego Zacca, Fernanda Martins dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of and major factors associated with recurrent wheezing in children younger than 13 years of age in the urban area of Rio Grande, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: The presence of recurrent wheezing was investigated in a cohort as part of a cross-sectional study that was begun in 1997 that focused on the morbidity from respiratory diseases in children then between 0 and 5 years of age. During home visits in 2004 a standardized questionnaire given by trained interviewers was used to obtain information concerning the family's socioeconomic and living conditions, maternal care during pregnancy and delivery, and children's current and previous morbidity patterns...
November 2006: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
A O Adio
BACKGROUND: Old people's home is a relatively new experience in Nigeria. Data on the pattern of ocular morbidity among inmates are examined with the aim of making suitable recommendations. METHOD: An old people's home in Port Harcourt was the site of this survey carried out in February 2004. The following data was collected from all inmates-name, sex, age, length of stay, visual acuity, main cause of ocular morbidity, past medical history. Intraocular pressure was measured as indicated...
July 2006: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
Juraci A Cesar, Raul Mendoza-Sassi, Bernardo L Horta, Paula R P Ribeiro, Alan C D'Avila, Fernanda M Santos, Priscila B Martins, Ralph R Brandolt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare basic indicators of the health of children under 5 years old in the urban area of Rio Grande, RS, Brazil, for 1995 and 2004. METHODS: Two cross-sectional population studies were carried out in the city. Interviewers were previously trained and applied standardized questionnaires during visits to families with children under 5 years old. The following variables were investigated: family income, maternal education, type of construction of home (wooden/masonry etc...
November 2006: Jornal de Pediatria
E Charles, V Bouby-Serieys, P Thomas, J-P Clément
SUMMARY: Ageing is due to a progressive loss of the person's adaptation capability, whereas during this period environmental aggression increases. In the elderly, life events re-present a psychological traumatism that overwhelms the old person and related family, disrupting and fragilising homeostatic balance. A number of authors have suggested a possible link between life traumatisms and the dementia processes. The aim of this study is to reveal the presence of life traumatisms preceding the apparition of the dementia syndrome...
October 2006: L'Encéphale
Amy Bertinelli, James Hamill, Murali Mahadevan, Fiona Miles
AIMS: To describe patterns and severity of caustic injuries sustained from dishwasher powder ingestion and highlight need for national safety standards. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of admissions for caustic ingestion to Starship Children's Hospital from January 2003 to January 2005 and review of New Zealand National Poisons Centre data. RESULTS: Between January 2003 and January 2005, the National Poisons Centre recorded 610 dishwashing powder ingestions, with 88% of children less than 2 years old...
March 2006: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Sally Inglis, Skye McLennan, Anna Dawson, Libby Birchmore, John D Horowitz, David Wilkinson, Simon Stewart
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common chronic cardiac dysrhythmia, is an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, there is a paucity of studies examining the potential benefits of optimizing the postdischarge management of patients with chronic AF. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a nurse-led, multidisciplinary, home-based intervention (HBI) on the pattern of recurrent hospitalization and mortality in patients with chronic AF in the presence and absence of chronic heart failure (HF)...
March 2004: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Saeed M Al-Ghamdi, Hisham O Akbar, Yousif A Qari, Omer A Fathaldin, Rahed S Al-Rashed
OBJECTIVE: The pattern of medical conditions necessitating admission differs according to the weather condition in that particular year. Previous studies had been conducted during the hot weather, none over the last 10 years, were carried out during, the milder weather we are experiencing. The aim of this study is to establish the pattern of admission during this mild weather and to elucidate the possible risk factors. METHODS: A prospective study was performed in 4 hospitals in 2 different locations in Al-Mashaer, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
October 2003: Saudi Medical Journal
Mary D Klinnert, Marcella R Price, Andrew H Liu, JoAnn L Robinson
OBJECTIVE: This study describes morbidity attributable to wheezing illness in a multi-ethnic sample of low-income infants younger than age 2, and examines biological, environmental, and psychosocial correlates of morbidity indexes. METHOD: Infants 9 to 24 months old, considered at risk for developing asthma on the basis of having had 3 or more health care contacts with documented wheezing, received comprehensive evaluations as part of an environmental intervention study...
July 2003: Pediatrics
E I Al-Eissa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the morbidity pattern among Saudi adolescents in Riyadh City. METHODS: A cross sectional survey comprising 1473 (852 males (58%) and 621 females (42%)) Saudi adolescents aged 11 to 21 years old, visiting 10 primary health care centers, selected randomly in Riyadh city, who were invited to complete a 23 item questionnaire. Part of the questionnaire was designed to be completed by the doctor, and includes the diagnosis of the current problem or chief complaint and any chronic illness...
October 2000: Saudi Medical Journal
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