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activities of daily living among elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330442/association-among-activities-of-daily-living-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-yi-ethnic-minority
#1
Lingyun Ran, Xiaodong Jiang, Baogang Li, Hongqian Kong, Mengqi Du, Xiaolan Wang, Hua Yu, Qin Liu
BACKGROUND: The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the elderly population of Yi ethnic minority, which is the seventh largest nationality in China, has been rarely reported. This study was designed to explore the HRQoL of the elderly Yi ethnicity and association between their HRQOL and functional abilities. METHODS: A total of 291 Yi ethnic residents were randomly recruited from 12 rural counties in Yunnan province and divided into different age groups. Local residents in Yunnan province and the elderly from Hangzhou were enrolled as controls...
March 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329149/prediction-of-long-term-cognitive-decline-following-postoperative-delirium-in-older-adults
#2
Elizabeth E Devore, Tamara G Fong, Edward R Marcantonio, Eva M Schmitt, Thomas G Travison, Richard N Jones, Sharon K Inouye
Background: Increasing evidence suggests that postoperative delirium may result in long-term cognitive decline among older adults. Risk factors for such cognitive decline are unknown. Methods: We studied 126 older participants without delirium or dementia upon entering the Successful AGing After Elective Surgery (SAGES) study, who developed postoperative delirium and completed repeated cognitive assessments (up to 36 months of follow-up). Pre-surgical factors were assessed preoperatively and divided into nine groupings of related factors ("domains")...
March 15, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315394/physical-activity-and-dietary-habits-related-to-cardiovascular-risk-in-independent-community-living-older-women
#3
A B Fraile-Bermúdez, M Kortajarena, I Zarrazquin, A Irazusta, A Fernandez-Atutxa, F Ruiz-Litago, J J Yanguas, J Gil, J Irazusta
A side effect of increased life expectancy is a surge in sequelae of diseases and injuries, which in turn increase the duration of life with disability among the elderly. The aim of this study was to ascertain the physical activity and nutritional parameters that better predict cardiovascular risk in a cohort of older women. A cross-sectional study was designed including 65 women able to independently perform basic activities of daily life. Data collection included anthropometric measurement, blood pressure measurement, blood analytics, objectively measurement of physical activity, and dietary assessment...
March 14, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294983/on-the-emerging-role-of-the-taste-receptor-type-1-t1r-family-of-nutrient-sensors-in-the-musculoskeletal-system
#4
REVIEW
Shoichiro Kokabu, Jonathan W Lowery, Takashi Toyono, Tsuyoshi Sato, Tetsuya Yoda
The special sense of taste guides and guards food intake and is essential for body maintenance. Salty and sour tastes are sensed via ion channels or gated ion channels while G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) of the taste receptor type 1 (T1R) family sense sweet and umami tastes and GPCRs of the taste receptor type 2 (T2R) family sense bitter tastes. T1R and T2R receptors share similar downstream signaling pathways that result in the stimulation of phospholipase-C-β2. The T1R family includes three members that form heterodimeric complexes to recognize either amino acids or sweet molecules such as glucose...
March 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285816/survival-disabilities-in-activities-of-daily-living-and-physical-and-cognitive-functioning-among-the-oldest-old-in-china-a-cohort-study
#5
Yi Zeng, Qiushi Feng, Therese Hesketh, Kaare Christensen, James W Vaupel
BACKGROUND: The oldest-old (those aged ≥80 years) are the most rapidly growing age group globally, and are most in need of health care and assistance. We aimed to assess changes in mortality, disability in activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning among oldest-old individuals between 1998 and 2008. METHODS: We used data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study. Three pairs of cohorts aged 80-89 years, 90-99 years, and 100-105 years (in total, 19 528 oldest-old participants) were examined; the two cohorts in each pair were born 10 years apart, with the same age at the time of the assessment in the 1998 and 2008 surveys...
March 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285311/postural-transitions-during-activities-of-daily-living-could-identify-frailty-status-application-of-wearable-technology-to-identify-frailty-during-unsupervised-condition
#6
Saman Parvaneh, Jane Mohler, Nima Toosizadeh, Gurtej Singh Grewal, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Impairment of physical function is a major indicator of frailty. Functional performance tests have been shown to be useful for identification of frailty in older adults. However, these tests are often not translatable into unsupervised and remote monitoring of frailty status at home and/or community settings. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we explored daily postural transition quantified using a chest-worn wearable technology to identify frailty in community-dwelling older adults...
March 11, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282728/profiles-in-emotional-aging-does-age-matter
#7
Igone Etxeberria, Itziar Etxebarria, Elena Urdaneta
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research project was to define emotional profiles in elderly people and to analyze the presence of each one in different age groups (from 65 to 74, 75 to 84, 85 to 94 and 95 to 104). METHOD: The sample group comprised 257 elderly people not suffering from cognitive impairment who were independent in the Basic and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. The following emotional variables were analyzed: positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, loneliness, and regulation strategies...
February 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276089/life-space-mobility-and-cognitive-decline-among-mexican-americans-aged-75-years-and-older
#8
Seraina Silberschmidt, Amit Kumar, Mukaila M Raji, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between life-space mobility and cognitive decline over a five-year period among older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirty-two Mexican Americans aged 75 and older with normal or high cognitive function at baseline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244651/relationship-between-swallowing-functions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-dependent-older-individuals
#9
Naoko Morisaki
AIM: This study analyzed the association between swallowing function levels and health-related quality of life (QOL) among community-dwelling dependent older persons in Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a purposive sample of community-dwelling dependent older individuals in Japan was conducted. Two swallowing functions (tongue pressure and lip-closure force), the risk of dysphagia, and health-related QOL (SF-8) were surveyed. RESULTS: There were 86 (38...
February 28, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244570/factors-affecting-functional-impairment-among-elderly-germans-results-of-a-longitudinal-study
#10
A Hajek, T Luck, C Brettschneider, T Posselt, C Lange, B Wiese, S Steinmann, S Weyerer, J Werle, M Pentzek, A Fuchs, J Stein, H Bickel, E Mösch, M Wagner, K Heser, W Maier, J M Scherer, S G Riedel-Heller, H-H König
OBJECTIVE: To investigate causal factors of functional impairment in old age in a longitudinal approach. DESIGN: A population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Elderly individuals were recruited via GP offices at six study centers in Germany. They were observed every 1.5 years over six waves. PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand two hundred fifty-six people aged 75 years and older at baseline. MEASUREMENTS: Functional impairment was quantified by the Lawton and Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale (IADL) and the Barthel-Index (BI)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238508/using-a-multidimensional-prognostic-index-mpi-based-on-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-cga-to-predict-mortality-in-elderly-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#11
Marie-Laure Bureau, Evelyne Liuu, Luc Christiaens, Alberto Pilotto, Jean Mergy, Fabienne Bellarbre, Pierre Ingrand, Marc Paccalin
BACKGROUND: Selection of appropriate elderly who can benefit from transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is challenging. We evaluated the prognosis of this procedure according to the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) based on the multidimensional prognostic index (MPI). METHODS: Prospective observational monocentric study from January 2013 to December 2015. Consecutive patients aged ≥75 who underwent TAVI and a complete CGA were included. Baseline demographic, geriatric and cardiologic data were collected...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236910/hypertension-and-its-treatment-at-age-90%C3%A2-years-is-there-an-association-with-5-year-mortality
#12
Jochanan Stessman, Michael Bursztyn, Yoni Gershinsky, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy M Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between hypertension at age 90 years, treatment, and 5-year mortality. DESIGN: A prospective observational study of a representative community-dwelling birth cohort (born 1920-1921) by the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home-assessment. PARTICIPANTS: 480 subjects aged 90, examined 2010-2011. Measurements and Main Outcome: Hypertension was defined as treatment with antihypertensive medication, and/or sitting blood pressure (BP) > 140 mmHg systolic or >90 mmHg diastolic...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214402/relationship-between-chewing-ability-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-rural-elderly
#13
Eun-Kyong Kim, Sung Kook Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Makiko Tanaka, Kimiko Hirotsu, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hee-Kyung Lee, Yun-Sook Jung, Atsuo Amano
OBJECTIVE: Relationship between masticatory function and cognitive impairment had been suggested but still understudied. We investigated the association between chewing ability and cognitive impairment among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 295 elderly individuals aged ≥70 years in a rural city of Korea participated in a cross-sectional study. Trained nurses conducted interviews and assessed chewing ability using gum that changed color based on chewing performance...
May 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168689/effect-of-physical-activity-on-self-reported-disability-in-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study
#14
Todd M Manini, Daniel P Beavers, Marco Pahor, Jack M Guralnik, Bonnie Spring, Timothy S Church, Abby C King, Sara C Folta, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Thomas M Gill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that a long-term structured, moderate intensity physical activity (PA) program is more effective than a health education (HE) program in reducing the risk of s elf-reported dependency and disability in basic activities of daily living (BADLs), disability in instrumental ADLs (IADL), and mobility disability. DESIGN: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, single-blinded randomized trial...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139017/the-relationships-among-muslim-uyghur-and-kazakh-disabled-elders-life-satisfaction-activity-of-daily-living-and-informal-family-caregiver-s-burden-depression-and-life-satisfaction-in-far-western-china-a-structural-equation-model
#15
Wen Ting Wang, Bin He, Yu Huan Wang, Mei Yan Wang, Xue Feng Chen, Fu Chen Wu, Xue Yang
1 Hypothesis Disabled elders' activities of daily living, caregiver burden, caregiver depression, and caregivers' life satisfaction are significantly related to the life satisfaction of elderly people with disability. 2 Hypothesis There are direct and indirect effects between the life satisfaction of elders, disabled elders' activities of daily living, and family caregivers' factors. This study explored the interrelationships of disabled elders' life satisfaction and activities of daily living, caregivers' factors (burden, depression, and life satisfaction) through a structural equation model...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122396/predictors-of-postoperative-falls-in-the-first-and-second-postoperative-years-among-elderly-hip-fracture-patients
#16
Hsiang-Fen Yeh, Jung-Hua Shao, Chia-Lin Li, Chi-Chuan Wu, Yea-Ing L Shyu
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore risk factors for a single fall and multiple falls in the first and second postoperative years among older people hip fracture patients. BACKGROUND: Older people hip fracture patients have a high probability of falling again after a fall incident. Risk factors for postoperative falls among older people hip fracture patients in Taiwan remain to be confirmed. DESIGN: Secondary analysis. METHODS: Data collected from control groups of two clinical trials conducted during 2001-2004 and during 2005-2009 were selected...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108639/prevalence-of-epilepsy-seizures-as-a-comorbidity-of-neurologic-disorders-in-nursing-homes
#17
Angela K Birnbaum, Ilo E Leppik, Kenneth Svensden, Lynn E Eberly
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of epilepsy/seizure (epi/sz) comorbid with other neurologic disorders in elderly nursing home residents and to examine demographic and regional variability and associations with clinical characteristics. METHODS: We studied 5 cross-sectional cohorts of all residents in any Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing home in the United States on July 15 of each year from 2003 to 2007. Epi/sz was identified by ICD-9 codes (345.xx or 780...
February 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088377/intracapsular-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly-do-we-know-what-is-important
#18
Diana Crego-Vita, Coral Sanchez-Perez, Jose Adolfo Orellana Gomez-Rico, Celia Clemente de Arriba
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are a common reason for admission to the department of orthopaedic surgery, this condition asks an important part of health resources and is associated with high levels of co-morbidity and mortality. Many improvements have been introduced in the treatment of these patients, preoperative regional analgesia, intensive physical therapy, interdisciplinary care program; but still remain unresolved gaps. The aim of this study is to document the natural history of early versus delayed surgical intervention in elderly patients with hip fractures and to establish the prognostic factors of mortality and walking ability after discharge...
January 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087218/relationship-among-motor-function-adl-disability-and-psychological-concerns-in-elderly-people-with-locomotive-disorders
#19
Toshiyuki Miyawaki, Keigo Kumamoto, Kaori Shimoda, Fusae Tozato, Tsutomu Iwaya
BACKGROUND: Locomotive disorders are one of the main causative pathologies for the condition requiring assistance on activities of daily living (ADL). Although psychological concerns such as feeling of depression and anxiety are prevalent in elderly people, the causal relation among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns is controversial. PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to investigate causal relationship among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns in elderly people with locomotive disorders...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060439/factors-associated-with-unexpected-admissions-and-mortality-among-low-functioning-older-patients-receiving-home-medical-care
#20
Hiroyuki Umegaki, Atushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Takuya Shimojima, Hideki Nomura, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The need for and availability of home medical care for elderly patients with limitations in terms of access to medical facilities has been increasing. We investigated the association between low function, malnutrition, dementia and multicomorbidity with patient prognosis, focusing on unexpected hospital admissions and mortality in elderly non-cancer patients receiving home care. METHODS: The study included 124 Japanese patients receiving home medical care in the form of regular visits from doctors and nurses for physical and/or mental disability...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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