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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933238/staged-decrease-of-physical-ability-on-the-locomotive-syndrome-risk-test-is-related-to-neuropathic-pain-nociceptive-pain-shoulder-complaints-and-quality-of-life-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-the-utility-of-the-locomotive-syndrome-risk-test
#1
Shiro Imagama, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
OBJECTIVES: A locomotive syndrome (LS) risk test for evaluation of physical ability is recently proposed. The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of this test by examining physical ability, neuropathic pain, nociceptive pain, shoulder complaints, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 523 subjects (240 males, 283 females; mean age: 63.3 years) at a health checkup. Data collected using visual analog scales (VAS) for shoulder pain, low back pain, sciatica, and knee pain, neuropathic pain, shoulder complaint, body mass index (BMI), osteoporosis, and SF-36 were compared among three LS risk stages...
February 16, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928182/gender-differences-in-longevity-in-free-living-older-adults-who-eat-with-others-a-prospective-study-in-taiwan
#2
Yi-Chen Huang, Hsing-Ling Cheng, Mark L Wahlqvist, Yuan-Ting C Lo, Meei-Shyuan Lee
OBJECTIVES: Social activities such as 'eating-with-others' can positively affect the ageing process. We investigated the gender-specific association between eating arrangements and risk of all-cause mortality among free-living older adults. SETTING: A representative sample from the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan during 1999-2000. PARTICIPANTS: Some 1894 participants (955 men and 939 women) who aged ≥65 and completed eating arrangement question as well as confirmed survivorship information...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927372/potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-nursing-homes-an-observational-study-using-the-norgep-nh-criteria
#3
Gunhild Nyborg, Mette Brekke, Jørund Straand, Svein Gjelstad, Maria Romøren
BACKGROUND: Frail residents in the nursing home sector call for extra care in prescribing. The Norwegian General Practice Nursing Home (NORGEP-NH) list of 34 explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in nursing homes was developed explicitly for this population. The aim of this study was to employ the NORGEP-NH Criteria to study the extent of potentially inappropriate medication use among nursing home residents and explore possible associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational pharmacoepidemiological study from residents in nursing homes in the county of Vestfold, Norway...
September 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910753/fall-prevalence-time-trend-and-its-related-risk-factors-among-elderly-people-in-china
#4
Hong Wu, Peng Ouyang
OBJECTIVES: To study the fall prevalence, time trends and related risk factors among elderly people in the Chinese mainland from 2011 to 2013. METHODS: Our data were from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study in 2011 and 2013. The population sample included people aged 60 years and over. Whether the person had experienced fall accident in the last two years was used to measure fall incidence. The time trend and age groups were investigated through the chi-square test...
September 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902149/highly-portable-sensor-based-system-for-human-fall-monitoring
#5
Aihua Mao, Xuedong Ma, Yinan He, Jie Luo
Falls are a very dangerous situation especially among elderly people, because they may lead to fractures, concussion, and other injuries. Without timely rescue, falls may even endanger their lives. The existing optical sensor-based fall monitoring systems have some disadvantages, such as limited monitoring range and inconvenience to carry for users. Furthermore, the fall detection system based only on an accelerometer often mistakenly determines some activities of daily living (ADL) as falls, leading to low accuracy in fall detection...
September 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892805/an-evaluation-of-the-central-nervous-system-medication-use-and-frailty-among-residents-of-aged-care-homes-in-malaysia
#6
Syed Shahzad Hasan, Chia Siang Kow, Kaeshaelya Thiruchelvam, David Weng Kwai Chong, Syed Imran Ahmed
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Old age and institutionalization in care homes are associated with increased use of risk medications affecting the central nervous system (CNS). This study evaluated medication utilization and appropriateness; and assessed frailty among residents of Malaysian aged care homes. METHODS: The subjects of this study included 202 elderly (≥65 years) residents of 17 aged care homes in suburban peninsular Malaysia. Frailty was measured using the Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI) score and independence in daily living was measured as KATZ activity of daily living score...
September 12, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880438/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-chinese-older-adults-with-depression
#7
Ning Li, Gong Chen, Ping Zeng, Jing Pang, Huan Gong, Yiwen Han, Yan Zhang, Enyi Zhang, Tiemei Zhang, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are common among older adults. Most of the existing studies were carried out in developed countries, and evidence from developing countries are lacking. In the present study, using a national sample, we aimed to describe the prevalence of MCI and its associated factors among Chinese older adults with depression. METHOD: The present study uses data from a national survey of the 2011 Comprehensive Assessment of Elderly Health, which involved 8113 older adults from eight provinces or municipalities directly under the Central Government of six regions in China...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877125/comparison-of-the-quality-of-informal-care-of-community-dwelling-taiwanese-older-people
#8
Chia-Yi Chiao, Yen-Ju Lin, Chiu-Yueh Hsiao
BACKGROUND: With social structures changing and the average life-span of individuals increasing, Taiwan is experiencing a steady rise in its elderly population. Thus, caring for older parentsis an urgent problem. Many foreign caregivers have been hired tocare for older parents.However, measuring the quality ofinformal care has not yet been fully explored in Taiwan, particularly among older people who are cared for by foreign caregivers in home settings. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to understand the differences in quality of care for older Taiwanese and to explore the predictors of quality of care in two types of caregiving...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871007/occurrence-of-depressive-tendency-and-associated-social-factors-among-elderly-persons-forced-by-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-nuclear-disaster-to-live-as-long-term-evacuees-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Yujiro Kuroda, Hajime Iwasa, Aya Goto, Kazuki Yoshida, Kumiko Matsuda, Yumi Iwamitsu, Seiji Yasumura
PURPOSE: This study examined the incidence of depression and associated factors among elderly persons from Iitate village after the March 2011 earthquake. METHOD: This was a prospective cohort study. As a baseline survey, in May 2010 a self-assessment Basic Checklist (BCL) was distributed to 1611 elderly villagers, of which 1277 responded. Of these respondents, 885 without a tendency to depression (69.3%) were given a follow-up survey in May 2013. The BCL was used to assess depression tendency, instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), physical function, nutritional status, oral function, homeboundness, cognitive function and social activities...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863353/predicting-3-year-mortality-and-admission-to-acute-care-hospitals-skilled-nursing-facilities-and-long-term-care-facilities-in-medicare-beneficiaries
#10
Jibby E Kurichi, Hillary R Bogner, Joel E Streim, Dawei Xie, Pui L Kwong, Debra Saliba, Sean Hennessy
PURPOSE: The ability to predict mortality and admission to acute care hospitals, skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), and long-term care (LTC) facilities in the elderly and how it varies by activity of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) status could be useful in measuring the success or failure of economic, social, or health policies aimed at disability prevention and management. We sought to derive and assess the predictive performance of rules to predict 3-year mortality and admission to acute care hospitals, SNFs, and LTC facilities among Medicare beneficiaries with differing ADL and IADL functioning levels...
August 24, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855464/the-effects-of-quality-of-life-on-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-elderly-people-with-dementia-residing-at-long-term-care-facilities
#11
Mizue Suzuki, Hideyuki Hattori, Koji Fukuda, Hajime Ooshiro, Takayuki Saruhara, Yoshie Furuta, Kunihiko Abe, Masao Kanamori
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to clarify how quality of life (QOL) affects the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs) among elderly individuals with dementia within long-term care facilities (e.g., long-term healthcare facilities, sanatorium-type medical facilities, and special nursing homes for the elderly). METHODS: Elderly individuals with dementia were evaluated to determine their activities of daily living (ADL; Katz), Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), and Quality of life inventory for the elderly with dementia (QOLD) scores...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843527/factors-associated-with-the-trend-of-physical-and-chemical-restraint-use-among-long-term-care-facility-residents-in-hong-kong-data-from-an-11-year-observational-study
#12
Kuen Lam, Joseph S K Kwan, Chi Wai Kwan, Alice M L Chong, Claudia K Y Lai, Vivian W Q Lou, Angela Y M Leung, Justina Y W Liu, Xue Bai, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Negative effects of restraint use have been well-documented. However, the prevalence of restraints use has been high in long-term care facilities in Hong Kong compared with other countries and this goes against the basic principles of ethical and compassionate care for older people. The present study aimed to review the change in the prevalence of physical and chemical restraint use in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) over a period of 11 years in Hong Kong and to identify the major factors associated with their use...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806324/comparison-of-the-quality-of-informal-care-of-community-dwelling-taiwanese-older-people
#13
Chia-Yi Chiao, Yen-Ju Lin, Chiu-Yueh Hsiao
BACKGROUND: With social structures changing and the average life-span of individuals increasing, Taiwan is experiencing a steady rise in its elderly population. Thus, caring for older parentsis an urgent problem. Many foreign caregivers have been hired tocare for older parents.However, measuring the quality ofinformal care has not yet been fully explored in Taiwan, particularly among older people who are cared for by foreign caregivers in home settings. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to understand the differences in quality of care for older Taiwanese and to explore the predictors of quality of care in two types of caregiving...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764796/anticholinergic-drugs-and-functional-cognitive-impairment-and-behavioral-disturbances-in-patients-from-a-memory-clinic-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-or-neurocognitive-disorders
#14
Virginie Dauphinot, Christelle Mouchoux, Sébastien Veillard, Floriane Delphin-Combe, Pierre Krolak-Salmon
BACKGROUND: Drugs with anticholinergic properties may be associated with various adverse clinical effects. The relationship between the anticholinergic (AC) burden and functional, global cognitive performance and behavior disturbances was assessed among elderly patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2012 and June 2014 in a memory clinic among outpatients living at home and with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) or neurocognitive disorders (NCD)...
August 1, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752771/psychomotor-functional-and-cognitive-profiles-in-older-people-with-and-without-dementia-what-connections
#15
Ana Morais, Sofia Santos, Paula Lebre
Background In typical aging, it is possible to observe a decline in psychomotor domains, such as balance or global and fine motor skills as well as a cognitive and functional decline. Although, it is not clear which psychomotor domains are mostly affected in elderly with dementia and the association with the cognitive and functional level. Objective To identify the correlation between psychomotor, cognitive, and functional skills, and seeking whether there are differences among persons with and without dementia...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747158/characteristics-of-disability-in-activity-of-daily-living-in-elderly-people-associated-with-locomotive-disorders
#16
Tsutomu Iwaya, Tokuhide Doi, Atsushi Seichi, Yuichi Hoshino, Toru Ogata, Masami Akai
BACKGROUND: Ageing is associated with a decline of motor function and ability to perform daily activities. Locomotive disorders are one of the major disorders resulting in adverse health condition in elderly people. Concept of Locomotive syndrome (LoS) was proposed to tackle the problems and prolong healthy life expectancy of people with locomotive disorders. To develop intervention strategy for LoS it is mandatory to investigate impairments, functional disabilities which people with locomotive disorder experience and to examine relationships among these parameters...
July 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743505/short-physical-performance-battery-usual-gait-speed-grip-strength-and-vulnerable-elders-survey-each-predict-functional-decline-among-older-women-with-breast-cancer
#17
Cynthia Owusu, Seunghee Margevicius, Mark Schluchter, Siran M Koroukian, Nathan A Berger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of three performance-based measures [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), gait speed, and Grip Strength] and a self-report measure [Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13)] to predict functional decline among older women with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Longitudinal data from a study of women ≥65years, with newly diagnosed stages I-III breast cancer, recruited from ambulatory oncology clinics between July 2010 and April 2014, was used...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737054/age-trajectories-of-physical-health-among-older-adults-of-mexican-descent-implications-of-immigrant-status-age-at-immigration-and-gender
#18
Maria A Monserud
OBJECTIVE: This study examines consequences of immigrant status, age at immigration, and gender on age trajectories of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations and chronic conditions among older adults of Mexican descent. METHOD: This research draws on 7 waves of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly and employs growth curve models. RESULTS: All men had similar age trajectories of ADL limitations, regardless of immigrant status and age at immigration...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732473/patterns-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-association-with-predictors-among-community-dwelling-older-women-a-latent-class-analysis
#19
Jeongok Park, Young Joo Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to classify patterns of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among community-dwelling older women, to examine difference in characteristics among the classes, and to explore predictors of class membership. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of nationwide data from the 2014 Actual Living Condition of the Elderly and Welfare Need Survey. A total of 10,451 individuals aged 65 years or older were interviewed for the 2014 dataset, but we only selected the female participants (n = 6095) for this study...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729011/iranian-brief-pain-inventory-validation-and-application-in-elderly-people-with-cancer-pain
#20
Mahtab Alizadeh-Khoei, Farshad Sharifi, Mohamad Esmaeil Akbari, Reza Fadayevatan, Marjan Haghi
CONTEXT: Cancer is a major health problem in the elderly, and pain is one of the most common symptoms among older patients with cancer. Sufficient pain treatments depend on the accuracy of the pain assessment tool. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-IR) among elderly individuals with cancer. METHODS: This validation study was conducted with 368 people aged 60+ years old who were undergoing oncology treatments...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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