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activities of daily living among elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436194/impact-of-living-arrangements-on-clinical-outcomes-among-older-patients-with-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-admitted-to-the-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit-in-taiwan
#1
Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Chih-Jen Wang, Li-Kuo Liu, Li-Ning Peng, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the impact of living arrangements on mortality and functional decline among older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment after discharge from a geriatric evaluation and management unit (GEMU) in Taiwan. METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study used data from the Veteran Affairs Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment from January 2015 to May 2016 for analysis. Data of patients aged 65 years and older with dementia or cognitive impairment at admission to the GEMU of Taipei Veterans General Hospital during the study period were retried for study...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#2
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415035/serum-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-concentration-and-functional-state-the-korean-urban-rural-elderly-kure-study
#3
Hansol Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Katherine M Stefani, Ju-Mi Lee, Young Mi Yoon, Eun Young Lee, Kyoung Min Kim, Yumie Rhee, Yoosik Youm, Chang Oh Kim
BACKGROUND: Functional state and cholesterol metabolism are important for older adults; however, this association has not been fully investigated among community-dwelling older adults. Thus, we investigated the association of HDL cholesterol with multiple functional state measures in an elderly Korean population. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 3514 participants, aged 65 years or older, who participated in baseline health assessment for the Korean Urban Rural Elderly cohort study from 2012 to 2015...
April 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403291/impact-of-home-visits-on-the-functional-capacity-of-patients-with-venous-ulcers
#4
Fabiana Lopes Joaquim, Alessandra Conceição Leite Funchal Camacho, Rose Mary Costa Rosa Andrade Silva, Bruna Silva Leite, Raquel Santos de Queiroz, Cíntia Raquel da Costa de Assis
OBJECTIVE: to compare the impact of home visits, before and after instructions, on the functional capacity of adult and elderly patients with venous ulcers, by means of the KATZ-EIAVD Scale. METHOD: experimental, clinical, randomized, non-blind and controlled study, developed with 32 patients (case and control groups). The research settings were the Wound Care Clinic of the University Hospital Antonio Pedro, and the homes of patients assisted in this clinic. Data collection took place from February to June 2014, by means of a health unit evaluation tool, the KATZ-EIAVD Scale, and a script of instructions to be given to the research subjects that had received a home visit...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399183/associations-between-body-mass-index-mid-arm-circumference-calf-circumference-and-functional-ability-over-time-in-an-elderly-taiwanese-population
#5
Hsin-Jen Tsai, Fu-Kuei Chang
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measurements such as body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference (MAC), and calf-circumference (CC) are assessed with ease during regular health visits, but the associations between these anthropometric parameters and functional ability in elderly population over time has not been studied in detail. This study aimed to examine the associations between functional ability and the anthropometric parameters BMI, MAC, and CC in Taiwanese adults ≥ 65 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392190/prevalence-patterns-and-predictors-of-depression-treatment-among-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals-with-dementia-in-the-united-states
#6
Sandipan Bhattacharjee, Yeum Mok Oh, Eric M Reiman, William J Burke
OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring dementia and depression exerts a substantial burden on the elderly. This study utilizes data from a nationally representative cohort of community-dwelling individuals 65 years and older to examine the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of depression treatment among elderly individuals with co-occurring dementia and depression. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Multiple years of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2012) data...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364103/-association-between-loneliness-and-risks-of-depressive-episode-among-rural-older-people
#7
Zhenjun Yu, Yuanye Gu, Shuiyuan Xiao, Mi Hu, Liang Zhou
To investigate association between loneliness and depressive episode among rural older people.
 Methods: A total of 839 rural adults (aged over 60 years) from Liuyang in Hunan were enrolled by using multi-stage cluster sampling method. The Short-form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Social Support Rating Scale, the Life Events Scale for the Elderly, Quality of Life Scale, and the Activity of Daily Living Scale were used to assess loneliness, the social support condition, the stimulating quantity of negative life events, the quality of life, and the abilities of daily life activities, respectively...
March 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346562/joint-association-of-obesity-and-hypertension-with-disability-in-the-elderly-a-community-based-study-of-residents-in-shanghai-china
#8
P Su, H Ding, W Zhang, G Duan, Y Yang, J Long, L Du, C Xie, C Jin, C Hu, Z Sun, Z Duan, L Gong, W Tian
BACKGROUND: Although both obesity and hypertension are known risk factors for disability, the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability is unknown. This paper is aim to examine the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 8060 elderly community-dwelling individuals participating in the survey initiated by Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission from March to September 2013...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346032/presence-of-vision-impairment-and-risk-of-hospitalization-among-elderly-medicare-beneficiaries
#9
Sila Bal, Jibby E Kurichi, Pui L Kwong, Dawei Xie, Sean Hennessy, Ling Na, Liliana E Pezzin, Joel E Streim, Hillary R Bogner
PURPOSE: To examine the association between vision impairment and all-cause hospitalization among elderly Medicare beneficiaries. METHODS: A population-based study (N = 22,681) of community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older who participated in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey for the years 2001-2007. Beneficiaries were classified into self-reported presence of vision impairment versus no vision impairment. Inpatient hospitalizations were identified using Medicare claims data...
March 27, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343782/lifestyle-socioeconomic-characteristics-and-medical-history-of-elderly-persons-who-receive-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-a-tax-supported-healthcare-system
#10
Maja Hellfritzsch, Reimar Wernich Thomsen, Lisbeth Munksgård Baggesen, Finn Breinholt Larsen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Christian Fynbo Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Observational studies on effectiveness of influenza vaccination in the elderly are thought to be biased by healthier lifestyles and higher socioeconomic status among vaccinated vs. unvaccinated persons. We examined this hypothesis in a uniform tax-supported health care system with free-of-charge influenza vaccination to the elderly. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among Danes aged 65-79years participating in a survey. We compared elderly persons with and without a recent (within six months) influenza vaccination in terms of (i) lifestyle and socioeconomic characteristics obtained from the survey and (ii) health factors including medical history provided by Danish registries...
March 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330442/association-among-activities-of-daily-living-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-yi-ethnic-minority
#11
Lingyun Ran, Xiaodong Jiang, Baogang Li, Hongqian Kong, Mengqi Du, Xiaolan Wang, Hua Yu, Qin Liu
BACKGROUND: The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the elderly population of Yi ethnic minority, which is the seventh largest nationality in China, has been rarely reported. This study was designed to explore the HRQoL of the elderly Yi ethnicity and association between their HRQOL and functional abilities. METHODS: A total of 291 Yi ethnic residents were randomly recruited from 12 rural counties in Yunnan province and divided into different age groups. Local residents in Yunnan province and the elderly from Hangzhou were enrolled as controls...
March 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329149/prediction-of-long-term-cognitive-decline-following-postoperative-delirium-in-older-adults
#12
Elizabeth E Devore, Tamara G Fong, Edward R Marcantonio, Eva M Schmitt, Thomas G Travison, Richard N Jones, Sharon K Inouye
Background: Increasing evidence suggests that postoperative delirium may result in long-term cognitive decline among older adults. Risk factors for such cognitive decline are unknown. Methods: We studied 126 older participants without delirium or dementia upon entering the Successful AGing After Elective Surgery (SAGES) study, who developed postoperative delirium and completed repeated cognitive assessments (up to 36 months of follow-up). Pre-surgical factors were assessed preoperatively and divided into nine groupings of related factors ("domains")...
March 15, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315394/physical-activity-and-dietary-habits-related-to-cardiovascular-risk-in-independent-community-living-older-women
#13
A B Fraile-Bermúdez, M Kortajarena, I Zarrazquin, A Irazusta, A Fernandez-Atutxa, F Ruiz-Litago, J J Yanguas, J Gil, J Irazusta
A side effect of increased life expectancy is a surge in sequelae of diseases and injuries, which in turn increase the duration of life with disability among the elderly. The aim of this study was to ascertain the physical activity and nutritional parameters that better predict cardiovascular risk in a cohort of older women. A cross-sectional study was designed including 65 women able to independently perform basic activities of daily life. Data collection included anthropometric measurement, blood pressure measurement, blood analytics, objectively measurement of physical activity, and dietary assessment...
June 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294983/on-the-emerging-role-of-the-taste-receptor-type-1-t1r-family-of-nutrient-sensors-in-the-musculoskeletal-system
#14
REVIEW
Shoichiro Kokabu, Jonathan W Lowery, Takashi Toyono, Tsuyoshi Sato, Tetsuya Yoda
The special sense of taste guides and guards food intake and is essential for body maintenance. Salty and sour tastes are sensed via ion channels or gated ion channels while G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) of the taste receptor type 1 (T1R) family sense sweet and umami tastes and GPCRs of the taste receptor type 2 (T2R) family sense bitter tastes. T1R and T2R receptors share similar downstream signaling pathways that result in the stimulation of phospholipase-C-β2. The T1R family includes three members that form heterodimeric complexes to recognize either amino acids or sweet molecules such as glucose...
March 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285816/survival-disabilities-in-activities-of-daily-living-and-physical-and-cognitive-functioning-among-the-oldest-old-in-china-a-cohort-study
#15
Yi Zeng, Qiushi Feng, Therese Hesketh, Kaare Christensen, James W Vaupel
BACKGROUND: The oldest-old (those aged ≥80 years) are the most rapidly growing age group globally, and are most in need of health care and assistance. We aimed to assess changes in mortality, disability in activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning among oldest-old individuals between 1998 and 2008. METHODS: We used data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study. Three pairs of cohorts aged 80-89 years, 90-99 years, and 100-105 years (in total, 19 528 oldest-old participants) were examined; the two cohorts in each pair were born 10 years apart, with the same age at the time of the assessment in the 1998 and 2008 surveys...
March 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285311/postural-transitions-during-activities-of-daily-living-could-identify-frailty-status-application-of-wearable-technology-to-identify-frailty-during-unsupervised-condition
#16
Saman Parvaneh, Jane Mohler, Nima Toosizadeh, Gurtej Singh Grewal, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Impairment of physical function is a major indicator of frailty. Functional performance tests have been shown to be useful for identification of frailty in older adults. However, these tests are often not translatable into unsupervised and remote monitoring of frailty status at home and/or community settings. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we explored daily postural transition quantified using a chest-worn wearable technology to identify frailty in community-dwelling older adults...
March 11, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282728/profiles-in-emotional-aging-does-age-matter
#17
Igone Etxeberria, Itziar Etxebarria, Elena Urdaneta
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research project was to define emotional profiles in elderly people and to analyze the presence of each one in different age groups (from 65 to 74, 75 to 84, 85 to 94 and 95 to 104). METHOD: The sample group comprised 257 elderly people not suffering from cognitive impairment who were independent in the Basic and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. The following emotional variables were analyzed: positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, loneliness, and regulation strategies...
February 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276089/life-space-mobility-and-cognitive-decline-among-mexican-americans-aged-75-years-and-older
#18
Seraina Silberschmidt, Amit Kumar, Mukaila M Raji, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between life-space mobility and cognitive decline over a five-year period among older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirty-two Mexican Americans aged 75 and older with normal or high cognitive function at baseline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244651/relationship-between-swallowing-functions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-dependent-older-individuals
#19
Naoko Morisaki
AIM: This study analyzed the association between swallowing function levels and health-related quality of life (QOL) among community-dwelling dependent older persons in Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a purposive sample of community-dwelling dependent older individuals in Japan was conducted. Two swallowing functions (tongue pressure and lip-closure force), the risk of dysphagia, and health-related QOL (SF-8) were surveyed. RESULTS: There were 86 (38...
February 28, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244570/factors-affecting-functional-impairment-among-elderly-germans-results-of-a-longitudinal-study
#20
A Hajek, T Luck, C Brettschneider, T Posselt, C Lange, B Wiese, S Steinmann, S Weyerer, J Werle, M Pentzek, A Fuchs, J Stein, H Bickel, E Mösch, M Wagner, K Heser, W Maier, J M Scherer, S G Riedel-Heller, H-H König
OBJECTIVE: To investigate causal factors of functional impairment in old age in a longitudinal approach. DESIGN: A population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Elderly individuals were recruited via GP offices at six study centers in Germany. They were observed every 1.5 years over six waves. PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand two hundred fifty-six people aged 75 years and older at baseline. MEASUREMENTS: Functional impairment was quantified by the Lawton and Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale (IADL) and the Barthel-Index (BI)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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