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activities of daily living among elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788356/return-to-duty-rates-following-minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-performed-on-active-duty-military-patients-in-an-ambulatory-surgery-center
#1
Elder Granger, Stefan Prada, Zoltan Bereczki, Michael Weiss, Chip Wade, Reginald Davis
Background: Low back pain is a primary health care utilization driver in the US population. Health care evaluation visits for low back pain are as common as medical evaluation for the common cold. Low back pain is the most common reason for reductions in activities of daily living and work activity in the general population. Although these statistics are compelling, in the military population, there is arguably a significantly greater economic impact on the military population, as the cost to train, retain, and deploy a service member is a tremendous cost...
May 21, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781555/dependence-on-others-for-oral-hygiene-and-its-association-with-hand-deformities-and-functional-impairment-in-elders-with-a-history-of-leprosy
#2
Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Talita Xavier Gonçalves, Anna Rachel Dos Santos Soares, Luísa Rodrigues de Abreu Carvalho, Fernanda Lamounier Campos, Marco Túlio de Freitas Ribeiro, Andrea Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency of dependence on others for oral hygiene and its association with hand deformities, frailty and dependence on others for basic activities of daily living (BADL) among elders with a history of leprosy. BACKGROUND: Dependence on others for oral hygiene has not been considered in multifunctional geriatric assessments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Edentulous elders with a history of leprosy who used complete dentures and resided in a former leprosy colony were classified as independent or partially/completely dependent on others for brushing their dentures or rinsing and for BADL, and as frail or robust...
May 21, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781357/cognitive-and-physical-function-of-people-older-than-80-years-in-china-from-1998-to-2014
#3
Xiaoqian Hu, Yuhang Zeng, Xuemei Zhen, Hao Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Shuyan Gu, Hengjin Dong
Objectives This study was performed to describe the health status of Chinese oldest-old individuals aged ≥80 years from 1998 to 2014 and explore differences in their health status based on demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Methods Data were obtained from the seven waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Mini Mental State Examination, Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living, and chair stand test were used to examine cognitive and physical function...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776338/assessment-of-lower-extremity-muscle-mass-muscle-strength-and-exercise-therapy-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Takuo Nomura, Toshihiro Kawae, Hiroaki Kataoka, Yukio Ikeda
The increase in the proportion of elderly people in the population is one of the most remarkable sociodemographic phenomena of the twenty-first century. The number of patients with diabetes is also increasing worldwide with this demographic change. Given these facts, consideration of the problems the general elderly population is facing in the management of diabetes is essential. In this review article, we focus on sarcopenia, which is the decrease in lower extremity muscle mass and muscle strength accompanying aging, describe the relationship between sarcopenia and diabetes, and highlight the specific factors through which diabetes contributes to loss of muscle strength...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761589/prevalence-and-effect-factors-of-dementia-among-the-community-elderly-in-chongqing-china
#5
Jing Deng, Cheng Cao, Yi Jiang, Bin Peng, Tingting Wang, Ke Yan, Jingxi Lian, Zengzi Wang
BACKGROUND: China is an ageing society, with around 150 million people aged 60 years or older. The prevalence of dementia will increase by more than 100% in the coming 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of dementia among the community elderly in Chongqing, China. METHODS: Cluster sampling was adopted. A sample of elderly individuals aged 60 years and older was extracted as research subjects from three counties within Chongqing, China...
May 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743029/relationship-between-occlusal-force-and-falls-among-community-dwelling-elderly-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-correlative-study
#6
Maki Eto, Shinji Miyauchi
BACKGROUND: Falls may cause serious health conditions among older population. Fall-related physical factors are thought to be associated with occlusal conditions. However, few studies examined the relationship between occlusal force and falls. To identify the association between occlusal force and falls among community-dwelling elderly individuals in Japan, public health nurses conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study. METHODS: We performed extensive physical assessments of five items: maximum occlusal force, handgrip strength, maximal knee extensor strength, one-leg standing time with eyes open and body sway...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731616/hospitalized-frail-elderly-patients-atrial-fibrillation-anticoagulation-and-12-months-outcomes
#7
Niklas Ekerstad, Thomas Karlsson, Sara Söderqvist, Björn W Karlson
Background and objective: Multiple chronic conditions and recurring acute illness are frequent among elderly people. One such condition is atrial fibrillation (AF), which increases the risk of stroke up to fivefold. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of AF among hospitalized frail elderly patients, their use of anticoagulation and their 12-month outcomes. Patients and methods: This was a clinical observational study of acutely hospitalized frail patients over the age of 75 years...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716551/sociodemographic-and-physical-predictors-of-non-participation-in-community-based-physical-checkup-among-older-neighbors-a-case-control-study-from-the-kyoto-kameoka-longitudinal-study-japan
#8
Miwa Yamaguchi, Tsukasa Yoshida, Yosuke Yamada, Yuya Watanabe, Hinako Nanri, Keiichi Yokoyama, Heiwa Date, Motoko Miyake, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Taeko Masumoto, Yasuko Okayama, Yasuko Yoshinaka, Misaka Kimura
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to obtain detailed information on non-participants in physical and health examination checkups in community-based epidemiological studies. We investigated the characteristics of non-participants in a physical and health examination checkup for older adults in a nested study from the Japanese Kyoto-Kameoka Longitudinal Study. METHODS: We approached a total of 4831 people aged ≥65 years in 10 randomly selected intervention regions. Participants responded to a mail-based population survey on needs in the sphere of daily life to encourage participation in a free face-to-face physical checkup examination; 1463 participants (706 men, 757 women) participated in the physical checkup...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694623/comparison-between-subjective-and-objective-evaluations-of-self-care-performance-in-elderly-inpatients
#9
Delcina Jesus Figueredo, Wilson Jacob-Filho
Objetive To identify the functional status in self-care performance of elderly inpatients, through subjective and objective evaluations. Methods Fifty-five pairs of elderly and their respective caregivers of both sexes were submitted to subjective (self-rating and rating by caregivers) and objective assessment. The Performance Test of Activities of Daily Living and items in the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale were used. Functional status was rated 1 (unable to perform task), 2 (able to perform task with assistance) or 3 (able to perform task unassisted)...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682231/frequency-of-dementia-among-elderly-admitted-to-a-geriatrics-inpatients-sector-of-a-brazilian-public-hospital
#10
Rafael Thomazi, Liciana Vaz de Arruda Silveira, Paulo José Fortes Villas Boas, Alessandro Ferrari Jacinto
Patients with dementia are commonly admitted to inpatient sectors. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of dementia among elderly inpatients admitted to the Geriatrics Sector of a Brazilian Tertiary University Hospital, and to identify associations between dementia and clinical and sociodemographic factors. Methods: All patients admitted to the Geriatrics Sector of a public Brazilian university-hospital from March 1st 2014 to January 31st 2015 were assessed by geriatricians...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648574/association-of-frailty-with-recovery-from-disability-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-results-from-two-large-u-s-cohorts
#11
Chenkai Wu, Dae H Kim, Qian-Li Xue, David S H Lee, Ravi Varadhan, Michelle C Odden
Background: Disability in activities of daily living (ADLs) is a dynamic process and transitions among different disability states are common. However, little is known about factors affecting recovery from disability. We examined the association between frailty and recovery from disability among non-disabled community-dwelling elders. Methods: We studied 1023 adults from the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and 685 adults from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), who were ≥65 years and had incident disability, defined as having difficulty in ≥1 ADL (dressing, eating, toileting, bathing, transferring, walking across a room)...
April 10, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618710/-predictors-of-social-isolation-among-older-people-living-in-urban-area-a-prospective-study
#12
Manami Ejiri, Hisashi Kawai, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Shuichi Obuchi
Objectives We aimed to investigate the predictors of social isolation among older people living in urban area.Methods A mail survey was sent out to 7,015 elderly subjects living in nine districts of Itabashi ward. At baseline (2012), 3,696 subjects and at follow-up (2014) 2,375 replied to the self-administered questionnaire. We defined social isolation as seeing friends or relatives less than two or three times a month. Gender, age, self-rated health, present illnesses, instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), frequency of going out, frequency of social participation, family structure, and perceived financial status were also investigated...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575863/assessment-of-health-functioning-and-disability-of-a-population-aged-60-70-in-south-eastern-poland-using-the-who-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0
#13
Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing number of older people in Poland. This phenomenon results in the need to assess their problems related with functioning in everyday life. This is the first study conducted in Polish society which evaluates the prevalence of disability and limitations in functioning by means of WHODAS 2.0 questionnaire. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the health, functioning and disability of people aged 60-70 years living in south-eastern Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The researched material was a randomly- selected sample of 1,000 inhabitants of south-eastern Poland...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569737/comparison-of-oral-health-status-and-daily-nutrient-intake-between-elders-who-live-alone-and-elders-who-live-with-family-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-vi-2013-2015
#14
Eun-Jeong Kim, Bo-Hyoung Jin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the nutritional factors and oral status of elders living alone and elders living with their families in Korea. BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have found that the presence of fewer remaining teeth is associated with decreased nutrient intake; however, there is no study comparing the nutritional status and oral status of elders living alone with that of elders living with family based on a nationally representative sample. METHODS: A sample of 2904 individuals who participated in the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was reviewed (65-84 years of age)...
March 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555099/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-its-association-with-activities-of-daily-living-among-japanese-nursing-home-residents
#15
Tomohiko Kamo, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuusuke Nishida
Sarcopenia is an important predictor of adverse outcomes in elderly people. Based on a common clinical experience, sarcopenia may be associated with activities of daily living (ADL). To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association between sarcopenia and ADL in nursing home residents requiring long-term care. This cross-sectional study included 250 nursing home residents. Nutritional status, physical function, ADL and cognitive function were assessed using Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Barthel Index (BI) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
March 16, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535509/health-status-health-behaviors-and-the-ability-to-perform-everyday-activities-in-poles-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-staying-in-their-home-environment
#16
Izabela Wróblewska, Iwona Zborowska, Anna Dąbek, Robert Susło, Zuzanna Wróblewska, Jarosław Drobnik
Background: The incidence of chronic diseases increases with age; about 73% of people who are aged ≥60 years suffer from at least 1 chronic disease, and among those older than 70 years, chronic diseases afflict more than >84% of the population. According to epidemiological data, at least 4 chronic disease types coexist in senior citizens, causing their disability. These are mainly cardiovascular diseases; motor system diseases; ophthalmological, auditory, neurological, and mental diseases; and mental impairment...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502164/the-association-of-increased-drugs-use-with-activities-of-daily-living-and-discharge-outcome-among-elderly-stroke-patients
#17
Eiji Kose, Toshiyuki Hirai, Toshiichi Seki, Hiroyuki Hayashi
Background Few systematic studies have evaluated the association between drugs and functional recovery for geriatric patients after strokes in the convalescent stage. Objective To assess the association of increased drugs during hospitalization with activities of daily living and outcome among geriatric stroke patients. Setting This study was conducted at the convalescent rehabilitation ward in the Hitachinaka General Hospital in Japan. Methods This retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 years who had experienced stroke between 2010 and 2016...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500017/a-fuzzy-logic-control-in-adjustable-autonomy-of-a-multi-agent-system-for-an-automated-elderly-movement-monitoring-application
#18
Salama A Mostafa, Aida Mustapha, Mazin Abed Mohammed, Mohd Sharifuddin Ahmad, Moamin A Mahmoud
Autonomous agents are being widely used in many systems, such as ambient assisted-living systems, to perform tasks on behalf of humans. However, these systems usually operate in complex environments that entail uncertain, highly dynamic, or irregular workload. In such environments, autonomous agents tend to make decisions that lead to undesirable outcomes. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy-logic-based adjustable autonomy (FLAA) model to manage the autonomy of multi-agent systems that are operating in complex environments...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492082/association-between-body-mass-index-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-homecare-patients
#19
Guzin Zeren Ozturk, Memet Taskın Egici, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari, Dilek Toprak
Objective: Overweight or obesity may cause many chronic illnesses. Furthermore, several studies have shown that high body mass index is associated with mortality and morbidity among the elderly. Therefore, obesity or being overweight could adversely affect the performance of activities of daily living. In this study our aim was to investigate the association between Body Mass Index and Activity of Daily Living in Homecare Patients. Method: The records of 2016 from the homecare unit of Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485516/the-impact-of-advanced-age-on-the-outcomes-of-primary-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#20
Benjamin P d'S Murphy, Michelle M Dowsey, Peter F M Choong
BACKGROUND: Elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are effective options for the management of osteoarthritis that has not responded to conservative therapy, and they are increasing in utilization worldwide. Therefore, we sought to investigate how older age influences the outcomes of THA and TKA through a review of the current literature. METHODS: The Embase and MEDLINE databases were examined for relevant studies that assessed the role of older age in determining the outcomes of THA and TKA...
February 2018: JBJS Reviews
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