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activities of daily living among elderly

Izabela Wróblewska, Iwona Zborowska, Anna Dąbek, Robert Susło, Zuzanna Wróblewska, Jarosław Drobnik
Background: The incidence of chronic diseases increases with age; about 73% of people who are aged ≥60 years suffer from at least 1 chronic disease, and among those older than 70 years, chronic diseases afflict more than >84% of the population. According to epidemiological data, at least 4 chronic disease types coexist in senior citizens, causing their disability. These are mainly cardiovascular diseases; motor system diseases; ophthalmological, auditory, neurological, and mental diseases; and mental impairment...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Eiji Kose, Toshiyuki Hirai, Toshiichi Seki, Hiroyuki Hayashi
Background Few systematic studies have evaluated the association between drugs and functional recovery for geriatric patients after strokes in the convalescent stage. Objective To assess the association of increased drugs during hospitalization with activities of daily living and outcome among geriatric stroke patients. Setting This study was conducted at the convalescent rehabilitation ward in the Hitachinaka General Hospital in Japan. Methods This retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 years who had experienced stroke between 2010 and 2016...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Salama A Mostafa, Aida Mustapha, Mazin Abed Mohammed, Mohd Sharifuddin Ahmad, Moamin A Mahmoud
Autonomous agents are being widely used in many systems, such as ambient assisted-living systems, to perform tasks on behalf of humans. However, these systems usually operate in complex environments that entail uncertain, highly dynamic, or irregular workload. In such environments, autonomous agents tend to make decisions that lead to undesirable outcomes. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy-logic-based adjustable autonomy (FLAA) model to manage the autonomy of multi-agent systems that are operating in complex environments...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Guzin Zeren Ozturk, Memet Taskın Egici, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari, Dilek Toprak
Objective: Overweight or obesity may cause many chronic illnesses. Furthermore, several studies have shown that high body mass index is associated with mortality and morbidity among the elderly. Therefore, obesity or being overweight could adversely affect the performance of activities of daily living. In this study our aim was to investigate the association between Body Mass Index and Activity of Daily Living in Homecare Patients. Method: The records of 2016 from the homecare unit of Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Benjamin P d'S Murphy, Michelle M Dowsey, Peter F M Choong
BACKGROUND: Elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are effective options for the management of osteoarthritis that has not responded to conservative therapy, and they are increasing in utilization worldwide. Therefore, we sought to investigate how older age influences the outcomes of THA and TKA through a review of the current literature. METHODS: The Embase and MEDLINE databases were examined for relevant studies that assessed the role of older age in determining the outcomes of THA and TKA...
February 2018: JBJS Reviews
C Hou, Z Ping, K Yang, S Chen, X Liu, H Li, M Liu, Y Ma, N Van Halm-Lutterodt, L Tao, Y Luo, X Yang, W Wang, X Li, X Guo
OBJECTIVES: In China, few studies reported the disability situation and the association between disabilities with chronic conditions in aged people. This study investigates the cross-sectional trends of prevalence and severity of activities of daily living disability (ADL) in Chinese oldest-old people from 1998 to 2008, and identified the potential risk factors of disability. DESIGN: A combination of population-based longitudinal prospective study and probabilistically sampling cross-sectional studies...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Takeshi Fujiwara, Satoshi Hoshide, Hiroshi Kanegae, Kazuo Eguchi, Kazuomi Kario
We investigated the association between working memory (WM) impairment and blood pressure variability (BPV) in very elderly patients. Japanese outpatients ≥80 years who engaged in normal activities of daily living were the study cohort. WM function was evaluated by a simple visual WM test consisting of 3 figures. We considered the number of figures recalled by the patient his/her test score. We defined the patients with a score of 0 or 1 as those with WM impairment and those with scores of 2 or 3 as those without...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Hitoshi Mutai, Tomomi Furukawa, Ayumi Wakabayashi, Akihito Suzuki, Tokiji Hanihara
Background As the population continues to age rapidly, clarifying the factors affecting the prognosis in very elderly stroke patients is essential to enhance the quality of their rehabilitation. Objectives To compare the functional recovery of elderly stroke patients classified into three age groups and to identify the predictors of functional recovery in the very elderly following acute inpatient rehabilitation. Methods Observational study: We collected data on 461 stroke patients in the neurology and neurosurgery ward and classified them into three age groups (65-74, 75-84, and ≥ 85 years)...
February 19, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
David Chivite, Francesc Formiga, Xavier Corbella, Alicia Conde-Martel, Óscar Aramburu, Margarita Carrera, Melitón Francisco Dávila, José Pérez-Silvestre, Luis Manzano, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero
BACKGROUND: Dependence for basic activities of the daily living (ADL) relates to adverse outcomes in elderly acute heart failure (AHF) patients. METHODS: We evaluated patients ≥75years admitted because of AHF, divided according to preadmission Barthel Index (BI) category: severe (BI 0-60), moderate (BI 61-90) and slight dependence or independence for basic ADL (BI 91-100). We compared their baseline characteristics and used logistic regression models to determine whether a BI≤60 confers higher one-year mortality risk...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Anna Kańtoch, Barbara Gryglewska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach, Piotr Heczko, Tomasz Grodzicki
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases among nursing home residents is high but little is known whether pharmacologic therapy recommended by actual medication guidelines is followed by facility's staff. AIM: To evaluate the adherence to actual guidelines for treatment of cardiovascular diseases among older adult residents of long-term care (LTC) facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed from December 2009 to November 2010 among 189 elderly residents aged ≥60 years in 3 LTC facilities in Poland: 1 long-term care hospital (LTCH) and 2 nursing homes (NHs)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Chang Fu, Zhen Li, Zongfu Mao
Participation in social activities is one of important factors for older adults' health. The present study aims to examine the cross-sectional association between social activities and cognitive function among Chinese elderly. A total of 8966 individuals aged 60 and older from the 2015 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study were obtained for this study. Telephone interviews of cognitive status, episodic memory, and visuospatial abilities were assessed by questionnaire. We used the sum of all three of the above measures to represent the respondent's cognitive status as a whole...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Dongdong Zhao, Caiyun Hu, Jian Chen, Bao Dong, Qiongqiong Ren, Dandan Yu, Yuanyuan Zhao, Jie Li, Yujun Huang, Yehuan Sun
BACKGROUND: The number of elderly individuals living in China is increasing rapidly. The aim of this study was to examine the potential risk factors of geriatric depression in rural areas. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2015 and October 2016 in rural China. Nine hundred forty-five elderly individuals were included in both investigations. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to examine the relationships between geriatric depression and socio-demographics, the number of chronic diseases, ADL (Activity of Daily Living) disability, cognitive impairment, and anxiety...
January 30, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
María Julieta Russo, G Cohen, P Chrem Mendez, J Campos, M E Martín, M F Clarens, F Tapajoz, P Harris, G Sevlever, R F Allegri
INTRODUCTION: The performance of activities of daily living in elderly patients with memory disorders is directly related to living independently and to autonomy. Documenting and assessing functional capacity through detailed scales is important for both diagnostic and treatment recommendations. The Everyday Cognition (ECog) scale is a relatively new informant-rated measure of cognitive and functional abilities. In the present study, the discriminant validity of the ECog scale was evaluated in cognitively intact controls (CN) and in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) from the Argentina-ADNI cohort to establish diagnostic accuracy...
January 29, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Jessica M Jarvis, Brian Downer, Jacques Baillargeon, Mary Khetani, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James E Graham
OBJECTIVE: To determine if positive emotion modifies the relationship between cognitive impairment and activities of daily living disability status over 10 years in Mexican American adults aged 75 years and older. METHODS: A retrospective cohort design using data from the Hispanic established populations for the epidemiologic studies of the elderly. About 2674 participants aged 75 years and older were included and followed over 10 years. Cognition was measured using the mini-mental state examination, positive emotion was measured using four questions from the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and disability was measured using seven activities of daily living items...
January 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Ling Na, Sean Hennessy, Dawei Xie, Debra Saliba, Qiang Pan, Pui L Kwong, Jibby E Kurichi, Hillary R Bogner, Joel E Streim
OBJECTIVE: Activity of daily living (ADL) stages and instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) stage have demonstrated associations with mortality and health service utilization among older adults. This cohort study aims to assess the associations of premorbid activity limitation stages with acute hospital discharge disposition among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Study participants were Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older who enrolled in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) between 2001 and 2009...
January 23, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Francesc Orfila, Montserrat Coma-Solé, Marta Cabanas, Francisco Cegri-Lombardo, Anna Moleras-Serra, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: The detection of elder mistreatment is emerging as a public health priority; however, abusive behaviors exercised by caregivers are little known and rarely detected among primary health care professionals. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of risk of abuse against community-residing elderly with moderate to severe dependency whose caregivers are relatives. In addition, we aim to describe the association between such a risk and socio-demographic variables, cognitive and dependency state of the victim, and the scale of the caregiver's anxiety, depression, and burden...
January 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
Ana Domínguez Mon
Diabetes, a disease that constitutes a syndrome, is growing more quickly in societies with precarious living and working conditions. Daily care practices are fundamental in preventing it from progressing. This work shows the heuristic and interpretative value and the explanatory potential of an ethnographic approach and a gender perspective in the analysis of care practices in a group of elder adults living with type 2 diabetes. The research was carried out with diabetes group participants and health professionals in a primary healthcare center in José León Suárez, municipality of San Martín, province of Buenos Aires, during the period 2013-2016...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
Maria Ganczak, Krzysztof Chrobrowski, Marcin Korzeń
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of hip fractures (HFs) in elderly persons include a deterioration in functional capacity to perform activities that enable independent living. Since prior research into this issue in Central Europe is rather scant, this study sought to assess the change in activities and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL) after HF surgery among Polish patients, to study predictors of regaining pre-fracture functional status three and six months later, and to evaluate the correlation between ADL and IADL limitations over time...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Masne Kadar, Suhaili Ibrahim, Nor Afifi Razaob, Siaw Chui Chai, Dzalani Harun
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale is a tool often used to assess independence among elderly at home. Its suitability to be used with the elderly population in Malaysia has not been validated. This current study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale - Malay Version to Malay speaking elderly in Malaysia. METHODS: This study was divided into three phases: (1) translation and linguistic validity involving both forward and backward translations; (2) establishment of face validity and content validity; and (3) establishment of reliability involving inter-rater, test-retest and internal consistency analyses...
January 9, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Luca Padua, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Daniele Coraci, Isabella Imbimbo, Alessandro Giordani, Claudia Loreti, Camillo Marra, Raffaello Molino-Lova, Guido Pasquini, Ilaria Simonelli, Federica Vannetti, Claudio Macchi
The population of industrialized nations is progressively aging, with Italy having one of the most elderly populations in the world. Natural aging may be associated with physical and cognitive impairments, often straining public resources. The present study aims to investigate the influence of gender on wellness of the nonagenarians. We evaluated quality of life among nonagenarians living in the Mugello area, an Italian location with a large population of individuals > 90 years, using the Health Survey Scoring SF-12...
January 8, 2018: Neurological Sciences
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