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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806324/comparison-of-the-quality-of-informal-care-of-community-dwelling-taiwanese-older-people
#1
Chia-Yi Chiao, Yen-Ju Lin, Chiu-Yueh Hsiao
BACKGROUND: With social structures changing and the average life-span of individuals increasing, Taiwan is experiencing a steady rise in its elderly population. Thus, caring for older parentsis an urgent problem. Many foreign caregivers have been hired tocare for older parents.However, measuring the quality ofinformal care has not yet been fully explored in Taiwan, particularly among older people who are cared for by foreign caregivers in home settings. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to understand the differences in quality of care for older Taiwanese and to explore the predictors of quality of care in two types of caregiving...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764796/anticholinergic-drugs-and-functional-cognitive-impairment-and-behavioral-disturbances-in-patients-from-a-memory-clinic-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-or-neurocognitive-disorders
#2
Virginie Dauphinot, Christelle Mouchoux, Sébastien Veillard, Floriane Delphin-Combe, Pierre Krolak-Salmon
BACKGROUND: Drugs with anticholinergic properties may be associated with various adverse clinical effects. The relationship between the anticholinergic (AC) burden and functional, global cognitive performance and behavior disturbances was assessed among elderly patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2012 and June 2014 in a memory clinic among outpatients living at home and with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) or neurocognitive disorders (NCD)...
August 1, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752771/psychomotor-functional-and-cognitive-profiles-in-older-people-with-and-without-dementia-what-connections
#3
Ana Morais, Sofia Santos, Paula Lebre
Background In typical aging, it is possible to observe a decline in psychomotor domains, such as balance or global and fine motor skills as well as a cognitive and functional decline. Although, it is not clear which psychomotor domains are mostly affected in elderly with dementia and the association with the cognitive and functional level. Objective To identify the correlation between psychomotor, cognitive, and functional skills, and seeking whether there are differences among persons with and without dementia...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747158/characteristics-of-disability-in-activity-of-daily-living-in-elderly-people-associated-with-locomotive-disorders
#4
Tsutomu Iwaya, Tokuhide Doi, Atsushi Seichi, Yuichi Hoshino, Toru Ogata, Masami Akai
BACKGROUND: Ageing is associated with a decline of motor function and ability to perform daily activities. Locomotive disorders are one of the major disorders resulting in adverse health condition in elderly people. Concept of Locomotive syndrome (LoS) was proposed to tackle the problems and prolong healthy life expectancy of people with locomotive disorders. To develop intervention strategy for LoS it is mandatory to investigate impairments, functional disabilities which people with locomotive disorder experience and to examine relationships among these parameters...
July 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743505/short-physical-performance-battery-usual-gait-speed-grip-strength-and-vulnerable-elders-survey-each-predict-functional-decline-among-older-women-with-breast-cancer
#5
Cynthia Owusu, Seunghee Margevicius, Mark Schluchter, Siran M Koroukian, Nathan A Berger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of three performance-based measures [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), gait speed, and Grip Strength] and a self-report measure [Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13)] to predict functional decline among older women with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Longitudinal data from a study of women ≥65years, with newly diagnosed stages I-III breast cancer, recruited from ambulatory oncology clinics between July 2010 and April 2014, was used...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737054/age-trajectories-of-physical-health-among-older-adults-of-mexican-descent-implications-of-immigrant-status-age-at-immigration-and-gender
#6
Maria A Monserud
OBJECTIVE: This study examines consequences of immigrant status, age at immigration, and gender on age trajectories of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations and chronic conditions among older adults of Mexican descent. METHOD: This research draws on 7 waves of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly and employs growth curve models. RESULTS: All men had similar age trajectories of ADL limitations, regardless of immigrant status and age at immigration...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732473/patterns-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-association-with-predictors-among-community-dwelling-older-women-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
Jeongok Park, Young Joo Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to classify patterns of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among community-dwelling older women, to examine difference in characteristics among the classes, and to explore predictors of class membership. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of nationwide data from the 2014 Actual Living Condition of the Elderly and Welfare Need Survey. A total of 10,451 individuals aged 65 years or older were interviewed for the 2014 dataset, but we only selected the female participants (n = 6095) for this study...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729011/iranian-brief-pain-inventory-validation-and-application-in-elderly-people-with-cancer-pain
#8
Mahtab Alizadeh-Khoei, Farshad Sharifi, Mohamad Esmaeil Akbari, Reza Fadayevatan, Marjan Haghi
CONTEXT: Cancer is a major health problem in the elderly, and pain is one of the most common symptoms among older patients with cancer. Sufficient pain treatments depend on the accuracy of the pain assessment tool. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-IR) among elderly individuals with cancer. METHODS: This validation study was conducted with 368 people aged 60+ years old who were undergoing oncology treatments...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721433/oral-health-and-the-frail-elderly
#9
L Rapp, S Sourdet, B Vellas, M-H Lacoste-Ferré
INTRODUCTION: The relationships between oral health conditions and frailty have rarely been explored. A systematic review of frailty components and oral health concluded that differences in study population endpoint criteria and study design cannot establish a relationship between frailty and oral health. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the distribution of the OHAT (Oral Health Assessment Tool) score in a population of frail subjects and to assess associated parameters (age, socio-economic status, living conditions, education level, nutritional habits, cognitive functioning, autonomy)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666062/a-populational-based-survey-on-the-prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-urinary-incontinence-in-older-adults-results-from-the-sabe-study
#10
José Tadeu Nunes Tamanini, Letícia Valério Pallone, Marair Grácio Ferreira Sartori, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Jair Lício Ferreira Dos Santos, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Philip E V A van Kerrebroeck
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of urinary incontinence (UI) and identify the associated risk factors in a cohort of elderly individuals in Brazil. METHODS: In 2006, individuals aged ≥60 years were selected from the SABE Study (Health, Well-being, and Aging). The dependent variable was reported UI in 2009. UI was assessed using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF). Incidence was measured in units of 1000 person-years, and Cox regression was applied for data analysis...
June 30, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662602/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-disability-outcomes-among-post-acute-home-care-patients
#11
Jo-Ana D Chase, Liming Huang, David Russell, Alexandra Hanlon, Melissa O'Connor, Keith M Robinson, Kathryn H Bowles
OBJECTIVE: To examine activities of daily living (ADL) disability outcomes among racially/ethnically diverse elders receiving home care (HC) after hospitalization. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of single-agency, 2013-2014 Outcome and Assessment Information Set data from older adults who received post-hospitalization HC ( n = 20,674). We measured overall change in ADL disability by summing the difference of standardized admission and discharge scores from nine individual ADL...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657169/pilot-study-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-on-predicting-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes
#12
Gong-Xiang Liu, Yan Chen, Ying-Xue Yang, Kun Yang, Jin Liang, Shuang Wang, Hua-Tian Gan
AIM: To date, few studies have focused on the nutritional status of elderly hospitalized patients with diabetes. Our aims were to explore the prevalence of malnutrition among elderly diabetes patients admitted to the hospital, and to explore the relationships between malnutrition and geriatric syndromes, diabetic complications, and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, observational study including diabetes patients aged ≥65 years was carried out in a central hospital in Western China...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649855/quality-of-life-and-its-factors-in-korean-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#13
Younhee Kang, Eliza Lee
Based on the secondary data analysis, this study aimed to identify quality of life and factors that affect quality of life among Korean elderly with mild cognitive impairment. Demographic characteristics, physical factors, and psychosocial factors as well as quality of life of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment were comprehensively measured. The research subjects consisted of 348 home-resident elderly and their quality of life scores were relatively high at 29.86. Their quality of life varied according to education and gender, and instrumental activities of daily living (actual, latent), somatic symptoms, sleep quality, depression, and social support affected their quality of life...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629695/a-controlled-study-of-the-influence-of-comorbidity-on-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-cancer-survivors-the-hunt-3-survey
#14
Ellen Karine Grov, Sophie D Fosså, Alv A Dahl
OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of somatic comorbidity on Activity of Daily Living (ADL) problems in cancer survivors ≥70years (ECSs) based on data from The Health Study of Nord-Trøndelag County (HUNT-3) 2006-08. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among participants of the HUNT-3 survey, 599 ECSs had a diagnosis of one invasive cancer according to both The Cancer Registry of Norway and self-report. Three controls without cancer aged ≥70years for each ECS were drawn from the HUNT-3 sample...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629294/prevalence-of-insomnia-and-related-impact
#15
Manchumad Manjavong, Panita Limpawattana, Pisaln Mairiang, Sirirat Anutrakulchai
Background Sleep problem is a common geriatric condition that can result in various outcomes, both physical and mental, that reduce quality of life. The studies regarding the prevalence and impact of insomnia on daily activities in Thailand in pre-elderly and elderly adults are few. Objectives The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of insomnia among pre-elderly and elderly populations and the secondary objective was to study the impact of insomnia on their daily lives. Methods This study included the participants from the urban middle class in the pre-retirement age of 50 years or older adults who worked for Khon Kaen University (KKU), Khon Kaen, Thailand, and their elderly relatives...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621709/an-unobtrusive-fall-detection-and-alerting-system-based-on-kalman-filter-and-bayes-network-classifier
#16
Jian He, Shuang Bai, Xiaoyi Wang
Falls are one of the main health risks among the elderly. A fall detection system based on inertial sensors can automatically detect fall event and alert a caregiver for immediate assistance, so as to reduce injuries causing by falls. Nevertheless, most inertial sensor-based fall detection technologies have focused on the accuracy of detection while neglecting quantization noise caused by inertial sensor. In this paper, an activity model based on tri-axial acceleration and gyroscope is proposed, and the difference between activities of daily living (ADLs) and falls is analyzed...
June 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605644/gender-differences-in-positive-life-orientation-among-the-nursing-home-elders-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Cheng Jin, Zhibo Zheng, Wei Xian, Ming Bai, Liying Jin, Yuting Li, Xiufei Yang, Yang Sheng, Wensi Ai, Hongbo Liu
INTRODUCTION: Life orientation among the nursing home elders would differ from those of community-dwelling elders due to the different living environment, but may have greater differences in gender. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the positive life orientation and explore the potential risk factors including gender disparities among nursing home elders in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Northeast China...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603364/interrelationship-among-the-health-related-and-subjective-quality-of-life-daily-life-activities-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-of-community-dwelling-elderly-females-in-orthopedic-outpatients
#18
Seiichi Takemasa, Ryoma Nakagoshi, Masayuki Uesugi, Yuri Inoue, Makoto Gotou, Susumu Naruse, Yoshihumi Nanba
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the health-related and subjective quality of life of community-dwelling elderly females in orthopedic outpatients, and also examined how such quality of life correlate with their daily life activities and instrumental activities of daily living. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 27 community-dwelling elderly females in orthopedic outpatients (mean age: 76.3 ± 7.4 years). Their health-related quality of life and subjective quality of life, life-space assessment, frenchay activities index were researched...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599584/aging-in-puerto-rico-a-comparison-of-health-status-among-island-puerto-rican-and-mainland-u-s-older-adults
#19
Catherine Pérez, Jennifer A Ailshire
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the health status of older island Puerto Ricans, a segment of the U.S. population that has been largely overlooked in aging research. METHOD: Data from the 2002 Puerto Rican Elderly Health Conditions Project and the 2002 Health and Retirement Study are used to examine differences in disease, disability, and self-rated health among island Puerto Ricans and the mainland U.S.-born older adult population. Differences are further examined by gender...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586818/association-between-persistent-pain-and-memory-decline-and-dementia-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-elders
#20
Elizabeth L Whitlock, L Grisell Diaz-Ramirez, M Maria Glymour, W John Boscardin, Kenneth E Covinsky, Alexander K Smith
Importance: Chronic pain is common among the elderly and is associated with cognitive deficits in cross-sectional studies; the population-level association between chronic pain and longitudinal cognition is unknown. Objective: To determine the population-level association between persistent pain, which may reflect chronic pain, and subsequent cognitive decline. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cohort study with biennial interviews of 10 065 community-dwelling older adults in the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study who were 62 years or older in 2000 and answered pain and cognition questions in both 1998 and 2000...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
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