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activities of daily living among elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238508/using-a-multidimensional-prognostic-index-mpi-based-on-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-cga-to-predict-mortality-in-elderly-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#1
Marie-Laure Bureau, Evelyne Liuu, Luc Christiaens, Alberto Pilotto, Jean Mergy, Fabienne Bellarbre, Pierre Ingrand, Marc Paccalin
BACKGROUND: Selection of appropriate elderly who can benefit from transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is challenging. We evaluated the prognosis of this procedure according to the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) based on the multidimensional prognostic index (MPI). METHODS: Prospective observational monocentric study from January 2013 to December 2015. Consecutive patients aged ≥75 who underwent TAVI and a complete CGA were included. Baseline demographic, geriatric and cardiologic data were collected...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236910/hypertension-and-its-treatment-at-age-90%C3%A2-years-is-there-an-association-with-5-year-mortality
#2
Jochanan Stessman, Michael Bursztyn, Yoni Gershinsky, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy M Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between hypertension at age 90 years, treatment, and 5-year mortality. DESIGN: A prospective observational study of a representative community-dwelling birth cohort (born 1920-1921) by the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home-assessment. PARTICIPANTS: 480 subjects aged 90, examined 2010-2011. Measurements and Main Outcome: Hypertension was defined as treatment with antihypertensive medication, and/or sitting blood pressure (BP) > 140 mmHg systolic or >90 mmHg diastolic...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214402/relationship-between-chewing-ability-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-rural-elderly
#3
Eun-Kyong Kim, Sung Kook Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Makiko Tanaka, Kimiko Hirotsu, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hee-Kyung Lee, Yun-Sook Jung, Atsuo Amano
OBJECTIVE: Relationship between masticatory function and cognitive impairment had been suggested but still understudied. We investigated the association between chewing ability and cognitive impairment among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 295 elderly individuals aged ≥70 years in a rural city of Korea participated in a cross-sectional study. Trained nurses conducted interviews and assessed chewing ability using gum that changed color based on chewing performance...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168689/effect-of-physical-activity-on-self-reported-disability-in-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study
#4
Todd M Manini, Daniel P Beavers, Marco Pahor, Jack M Guralnik, Bonnie Spring, Timothy S Church, Abby C King, Sara C Folta, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Thomas M Gill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that a long-term structured, moderate intensity physical activity (PA) program is more effective than a health education (HE) program in reducing the risk of s elf-reported dependency and disability in basic activities of daily living (BADLs), disability in instrumental ADLs (IADL), and mobility disability. DESIGN: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, single-blinded randomized trial...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139017/the-relationships-among-muslim-uyghur-and-kazakh-disabled-elders-life-satisfaction-activity-of-daily-living-and-informal-family-caregiver-s-burden-depression-and-life-satisfaction-in-far-western-china-a-structural-equation-model
#5
Wen Ting Wang, Bin He, Yu Huan Wang, Mei Yan Wang, Xue Feng Chen, Fu Chen Wu, Xue Yang
1 Hypothesis Disabled elders' activities of daily living, caregiver burden, caregiver depression, and caregivers' life satisfaction are significantly related to the life satisfaction of elderly people with disability. 2 Hypothesis There are direct and indirect effects between the life satisfaction of elders, disabled elders' activities of daily living, and family caregivers' factors. This study explored the interrelationships of disabled elders' life satisfaction and activities of daily living, caregivers' factors (burden, depression, and life satisfaction) through a structural equation model...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122396/predictors-of-postoperative-falls-in-the-first-and-second-postoperative-years-among-elderly-hip-fracture-patients
#6
Hsiang-Fen Yeh, Jung-Hua Shao, Chia-Lin Li, Chi-Chuan Wu, Yea-Ing L Shyu
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore risk factors for a single fall and multiple falls in the first and second postoperative years among older people hip fracture patients. BACKGROUND: Older people hip fracture patients have a high probability of falling again after a fall incident. Risk factors for postoperative falls among older people hip fracture patients in Taiwan remain to be confirmed. DESIGN: Secondary analysis. METHODS: Data collected from control groups of two clinical trials conducted during 2001-2004 and during 2005-2009 were selected...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108639/prevalence-of-epilepsy-seizures-as-a-comorbidity-of-neurologic-disorders-in-nursing-homes
#7
Angela K Birnbaum, Ilo E Leppik, Kenneth Svensden, Lynn E Eberly
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of epilepsy/seizure (epi/sz) comorbid with other neurologic disorders in elderly nursing home residents and to examine demographic and regional variability and associations with clinical characteristics. METHODS: We studied 5 cross-sectional cohorts of all residents in any Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing home in the United States on July 15 of each year from 2003 to 2007. Epi/sz was identified by ICD-9 codes (345.xx or 780...
January 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088377/intracapsular-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly-do-we-know-what-is-important
#8
Diana Crego-Vita, Coral Sanchez-Perez, Jose Adolfo Orellana Gomez-Rico, Celia Clemente de Arriba
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are a common reason for admission to the department of orthopaedic surgery, this condition asks an important part of health resources and is associated with high levels of co-morbidity and mortality. Many improvements have been introduced in the treatment of these patients, preoperative regional analgesia, intensive physical therapy, interdisciplinary care program; but still remain unresolved gaps. The aim of this study is to document the natural history of early versus delayed surgical intervention in elderly patients with hip fractures and to establish the prognostic factors of mortality and walking ability after discharge...
January 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087218/relationship-among-motor-function-adl-disability-and-psychological-concerns-in-elderly-people-with-locomotive-disorders
#9
Toshiyuki Miyawaki, Keigo Kumamoto, Kaori Shimoda, Fusae Tozato, Tsutomu Iwaya
BACKGROUND: Locomotive disorders are one of the main causative pathologies for the condition requiring assistance on activities of daily living (ADL). Although psychological concerns such as feeling of depression and anxiety are prevalent in elderly people, the causal relation among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns is controversial. PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to investigate causal relationship among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns in elderly people with locomotive disorders...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060439/factors-associated-with-unexpected-admissions-and-mortality-among-low-functioning-older-patients-receiving-home-medical-care
#10
Hiroyuki Umegaki, Atushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Takuya Shimojima, Hideki Nomura, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The need for and availability of home medical care for elderly patients with limitations in terms of access to medical facilities has been increasing. We investigated the association between low function, malnutrition, dementia and multicomorbidity with patient prognosis, focusing on unexpected hospital admissions and mortality in elderly non-cancer patients receiving home care. METHODS: The study included 124 Japanese patients receiving home medical care in the form of regular visits from doctors and nurses for physical and/or mental disability...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052929/physical-functioning-and-disability-trajectories-by-age-of-migration-among-mexican-elders-in-the-united-states
#11
Marc A Garcia, Adriana M Reyes
OBJECTIVES: To address a gap in our understanding of the long-term consequences of nativity and age of migration for the health of the Mexican elderly population. METHOD: We employ age graded latent growth curve models stratified by gender to examine the extent of physical functioning and disability, measured in terms of performance-oriented mobility assessments (POMAs) and activities of daily living (ADLs) after age 65 in a large longitudinal sample of Mexican-origin individuals...
January 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001259/health-related-quality-of-life-in-brazilian-community-dwelling-and-institutionalized-elderly-comparison-between-genders
#12
Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, José Maria Maluf DE Carvalho, Fábio Nasri, Maria Luiza Monteiro Costa, Luciana Diniz Nagem Janot DE Matos, Fábio Gazelato DE Mello Franco
Objective: To compare the health-related quality of life (HRQL) indicators between institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly men and women. Method: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample of 496 elderly men and women, surveyed by researchers at a private hospital that attends institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly. HRQL (World Health Organization Quality of Life), daily living activities (Katz questionnaire), and instrumental daily living activities (Lawton questionnaire), mini-mental state examination, handgrip strength test, and function capacity (timed up and go test) were obtained...
December 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987093/quality-of-life-of-older-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors-a-population-based-study
#13
Harveshp D Mogal, Marissa Howard-McNatt, Rebecca Dodson, Nora F Fino, Clancy J Clark
INTRODUCTION: Factors associated with lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among older African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS) have not been elucidated. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare Health Outcome Survey linked dataset, all resected AA BCS over 65 were identified. Using the most recent survey after diagnosis, individuals with a VR12 physical (PCS) or mental (MCS) component score 10 points lower than the median were categorized as having poor HRQOL...
December 16, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979837/trends-in-activities-of-daily-living-disability-in-a-large-sample-of-community-dwelling-chinese-older-adults-in-hong-kong-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#14
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, Billy Chang, Xin Lai, C M Lum, T W Auyeung, Jenny Lee, Kelvin Tsoi, Ruby Lee, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: To examine the trends in activities of daily living (ADL) disability in older Chinese adults in Hong Kong between 2001 and 2012. METHODS: Using data from the Elderly Health Centres (EHCs) of the Department of Health comprising a total of 54 808 community-dwelling Chinese adults aged ≥65 years in 1 early cohort (1904-1917) and 10 3-year birth cohorts (1918-1920, 1921-1923, 1924-1926, 1927-1929, 1930-1932, 1933-1935, 1936-1938, 1939-1941, 1942-1944, 1945-1947), we examined trends in ADL disability by using age-period-cohort (APC) models...
December 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932626/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-association-between-living-arrangements-and-health-among-older-adults-in-china
#15
Zi Zhou, Fanzhen Mao, Jiaping Ma, Shichao Hao, Zhengmin Min Qian, Keith Elder, Jason S Turner, Ya Fang
This article used the nationally representative Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey to explore the associations between living arrangements and health among older adults. Living arrangements were stratified into six categories. Health was measured by self-rated health, activities of daily living (ADL) disability, and cognitive impairment. Random-effects ordered probit regressions were applied. The results indicated that coresidence had a positive effect on self-rated health compared with living alone...
December 8, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925022/perceived-neighborhood-characteristics-and-the-functional-performance-of-elderly-people-in-the-belo-horizonte-metropolitan-area-minas-gerais-state-brazil-a-quantile-regression-analysis
#16
Renzo Joel Flores Ortiz, Fabiane Ribeiro Ferreira, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Cibele Comini César
This study aims to examine the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and the functional performance of elderly people living in the Belo Horizonte metropolitan area, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Data of a representative sample of 2,033 elderly were analyzed using quantile regression. Functional performance was measured by the number of activities of daily living (ADL) the elderly had difficulty to perform. The neighborhood characteristics evaluated were: maintenance, trust, insecurity and defective sidewalks...
December 1, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904424/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unmet-needs-among-the-elderly-residents-of-the-rural-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#17
Abhishek Singh, Mohan Bairwa, Shewtank Goel, Ravi Bypareddy, Prassana Mithra
BACKGROUND: Surrogate markers simple enough to be used by primary care workers have not been closely investigated by the community experts in rural Uttar Pradesh. We assessed the physical disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL) and unmet need in physical disabilities among rural elderly. Predictors of unmet needs in physical disabilities among the elderly were also identified. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly residents of the rural field practice area of a tertiary care centre in rural Uttar Pradesh...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877027/fatigue-as-a-long-term-risk-factor-for-limitations-in-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-or-mobility-performance-in-older-adults-after-10-years
#18
Sigrid Mueller-Schotte, Nienke Bleijenberg, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Marieke J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVES: Decline in the performance of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and mobility may be preceded by symptoms the patient experiences, such as fatigue. The aim of this study is to investigate whether self-reported non-task-specific fatigue is a long-term risk factor for IADL-limitations and/or mobility performance in older adults after 10 years. METHODS: A prospective study from two previously conducted cross-sectional studies with 10-year follow-up was conducted among 285 males and 249 females aged 40-79 years at baseline...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849279/oral-health-status-and-functional-capacity-in-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#19
Yan Nogueira Freitas, Kenio Costa Lima, Diviane Alves da Silva
Introduction: The study of oral health conditions and functional dependency in elderly people represents an important step toward the comprehension of the intervenient factors in the health care of this population. Purpose: This methodological note described strategies and methods adopted in a longitudinal study which has been analyzing the association of oral health conditions with functional dependence among the elderly population in a city located in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849264/association-between-disability-and-social-capital-among-community-dwelling-elderly
#20
Cristina Franco Gontijo, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Tatiana Chama Borges da Luz, Antônio Ignácio de Loyola
Objective: To assess the prevalence of disability and its association with social capital among community-dwelling elderly. Methods: The study was based on 2nd Health Survey of Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region - 2010, that included 1,995 community-dwelling elderly, randomly sampled. The exposure of interest was social capital, measured by confidence in neighborhood, perception of the physical environment, sense of cohesion in housing, and neighborhood perception of help...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
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