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activities of daily living among elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904424/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unmet-needs-among-the-elderly-residents-of-the-rural-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#1
Abhishek Singh, Mohan Bairwa, Shewtank Goel, Ravi Bypareddy, Prassana Mithra
BACKGROUND: Surrogate markers simple enough to be used by primary care workers have not been closely investigated by the community experts in rural Uttar Pradesh. We assessed the physical disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL) and unmet need in physical disabilities among rural elderly. Predictors of unmet needs in physical disabilities among the elderly were also identified. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly residents of the rural field practice area of a tertiary care centre in rural Uttar Pradesh...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877027/fatigue-as-a-long-term-risk-factor-for-limitations-in-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-or-mobility-performance-in-older-adults-after-10-years
#2
Sigrid Mueller-Schotte, Nienke Bleijenberg, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Marieke J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVES: Decline in the performance of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and mobility may be preceded by symptoms the patient experiences, such as fatigue. The aim of this study is to investigate whether self-reported non-task-specific fatigue is a long-term risk factor for IADL-limitations and/or mobility performance in older adults after 10 years. METHODS: A prospective study from two previously conducted cross-sectional studies with 10-year follow-up was conducted among 285 males and 249 females aged 40-79 years at baseline...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849279/oral-health-status-and-functional-capacity-in-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#3
Yan Nogueira Freitas, Kenio Costa Lima, Diviane Alves da Silva
Introduction: The study of oral health conditions and functional dependency in elderly people represents an important step toward the comprehension of the intervenient factors in the health care of this population. Purpose: This methodological note described strategies and methods adopted in a longitudinal study which has been analyzing the association of oral health conditions with functional dependence among the elderly population in a city located in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849264/association-between-disability-and-social-capital-among-community-dwelling-elderly
#4
Cristina Franco Gontijo, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Tatiana Chama Borges da Luz, Antônio Ignácio de Loyola
Objective: To assess the prevalence of disability and its association with social capital among community-dwelling elderly. Methods: The study was based on 2nd Health Survey of Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region - 2010, that included 1,995 community-dwelling elderly, randomly sampled. The exposure of interest was social capital, measured by confidence in neighborhood, perception of the physical environment, sense of cohesion in housing, and neighborhood perception of help...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847677/the-use-of-moca-and-other-cognitive-tests-in-evaluation-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-arthroplasty
#5
Jukka Puustinen, Liisa Luostarinen, Markku Luostarinen, Veijo Pulliainen, Heini Huhtala, Marjo Soini, Jaana Suhonen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and effect of cognitive impairment on treatment outcomes in elderly patients undergoing arthroplasty and to describe the feasibility of cognitive tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants were 52 patients with a mean age of 78 years 11 months (SD: 3.3), waiting for primary arthroplasty. We translated Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) into Finnish and compared it with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Mini-Cog, and clock-drawing tests prior to and 3 months after the surgery...
December 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846880/residential-area-characteristics-and-disabilities-among-dutch-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Astrid Etman, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Frank H Pierik, Alex Burdorf, Frank J Van Lenthe
BACKGROUND: Living longer independently may be facilitated by an attractive and safe residential area, which stimulates physical activity. We studied the association between area characteristics and disabilities and whether this association is mediated by transport-related physical activity (TPA). METHODS: Longitudinal data of 271 Dutch community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older participating in the Elderly And their Neighbourhood (ELANE) study in 2011-2013 were used...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830386/effectiveness-of-elcatonin-for-alleviating-pain-and-inhibiting-bone-resorption-in-patients-with-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures
#7
Shinya Tanaka, Akira Yoshida, Shinjiro Kono, Tadanori Oguma, Kyoichi Hasegawa, Manabu Ito
Elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures often experience severe pain that reduces their quality of life (QOL). Calcitonin, a bone resorption inhibitor, has been reported to alleviate pain in such patients; however, few clinical studies have demonstrated this effect. The objective of this study was to compare changes in pain scores, activities of daily living (ADL), QOL, bone resorption, bone mineral density (BMD), and fracture healing among patients with new vertebral fractures who received different treatment modalities...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829369/the-role-of-high-intensity-physical-exercise-in-the-prevention-of-disability-among-community-dwelling-older-people
#8
Astrid Etman, Frank H Pierik, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Alex Burdorf, Frank J van Lenthe
BACKGROUND: Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is considered important to prevent disability among community-dwelling older people. To develop MVPA programs aimed at reducing or preventing disability more insight is needed in the contributions of exercise duration and intensity and the interplay between the two. METHODS: Longitudinal data of 276 Dutch community-dwelling persons aged 65 years and older participating in the Elderly And their Neighbourhood (ELANE) study were used...
November 9, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803007/management-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cll-in-the-elderly-a-position-paper-from-an-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology-siog-task-force
#9
REVIEW
R Stauder, B Eichhorst, M Hamaker, K Kaplanov, V Morrison, A Österborg, I Poddubnaya, J A Woyach, T Shanafelt, L Smolej, L Ysebaert, V Goede
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) mainly affects older people: the median age at diagnosis is above seventy years. Elderly patients with CLL are heterogeneous with regard both to the biology of their disease and aging. Following the diagnosis of CLL in an elderly individual, careful risk assessment is essential when treatment options are evaluated. This includes not only clinical staging and evaluation of disease-specific prognostic biomarkers such as 17p deletion and TP53 mutation, but also of comorbidities, physical capacity, nutritional status, cognitive capacity, ability to perform activities of daily living, and social support...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799751/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-upon-discharge
#10
Nuruljannah Johari, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Norhayati Ibrahim, Suzana Shahar, Norlaila Mustafa
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784269/the-association-of-multimorbidity-and-disability-in-a-community-based-sample-of-elderly-aged-80-or-older-in-shanghai-china
#11
Peng Su, Hansheng Ding, Wei Zhang, Guangfeng Duan, Yitong Yang, Rong Chen, Zengjie Duan, Lixia Du, Chunyan Xie, Chunlin Jin, Chaoqun Hu, Zixue Sun, Junrui Long, Lingling Gong, Wenhua Tian
BACKGROUND: Both multimorbidity and activities of daily living (ADL) disability and instrument activities of daily living (IADL) disability are common among elderly individuals. ADL/IADL disability may reduce individuals' capacities for independent living and quality of life. This study aimed to examine the association between multimorbidity and ADL/IADL disability. METHODS: A multi-stage cluster sample of 2058 residents aged 80 or older was investigated in Shanghai, China...
October 27, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717324/the-prevalence-of-stroke-and-depression-and-factors-associated-with-depression-in-elderly-people-with-and-without-stroke
#12
Carl Hörnsten, Hugo Lövheim, Peter Nordström, Yngve Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated factors associated with depression among elderly people with and without stroke concurrently, using identical settings, procedures and study variables. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of stroke and depression and to compare the factors associated with depression in people with and without stroke. METHODS: A postal mail survey was sent to 65-, 70-, 75- and 80-year-olds in northern Sweden and Finland in 2010 (n = 6098)...
October 7, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710873/short-range-ultraviolet-irradiation-with-led-device-effectively-increases-serum-levels-of-25-oh-d
#13
Daigo Morita, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yoshitoshi Higuchi, Taisuke Seki, Kunihiro Ikuta, Hideki Asano, Naoki Ishiguro
Impairment of the activities of daily living (ADL) by osteoporosis is an important concern in developed countries with a super-aging population. Vitamin D, which is a crucial molecule in bone metabolism and mainly produced endogenously with ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, is known to be insufficient in the elderly population. We used an UV Light-Emitting Diode (UV-LED) instrument generating a narrow-range wavelength to analyze the efficacy of endogenous vitamin D production. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effects of UV irradiation at various narrow-range wavelengths using UV-LED on vitamin D supplementation...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709229/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-dysphagia-in-the-community-dwelling-elderly-a-systematic-review
#14
A Madhavan, L A LaGorio, M A Crary, W J Dahl, G D Carnaby
OBJECTIVES: This review clarifies current information regarding the prevalence of and risk factors associated with dysphagia (swallowing disorders) in the community dwelling elderly (CDE). A better understanding of prevalence and characteristics of dysphagia in the CDE will help to determine the scope of this problem. Understanding the scope of dysphagia is a critical first step towards early identification, management, and prevention of dysphagia related morbidities in the CDE. METHODS: Studies identified from multiple electronic databases (MEDLINE (Pubmed), PsychInfo, Google Scholar, EBSCO, PROQUEST, Web of Science and WorldCat dissertations and theses) evaluating prevalence and risk factors for dysphagia in the CDE were reviewed...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695494/socioeconomic-determinants-of-prostate-specific-antigen-testing-and-estimation-of-the-prevalence-of-undiagnosed-prostate-cancer-in-an-elderly-polish-population-based-on-the-polsenior-study
#15
Andrzej Prajsner, Jerzy Chudek, Aleksandra Szybalska, Karolina Piotrowicz, Jan Zejda, Andrzej Więcek
INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomic determinants of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and prevalence of undiagnosed prostate cancer (PCa) in the Polish population are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with PSA testing in elderly Polish men, and estimate the size of the population at risk of PCa related to PSA non-testing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed questionnaire-derived data concerning PSA testing, obtained in 2567 elderly and 332 younger (age: 55-59) participants of the population-based PolSenior study...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677321/which-type-of-social-activities-may-reduce-cognitive-decline-in-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#16
Seung Hee Lee, Young Bum Kim
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that social activities are beneficial for the reduction of cognitive decline (CD) in the elderly. However, knowledge regarding the types of social activities that reduce CD in later life is limited. The aim of this study is to examine which type of social activities reduce CD 4 years later among young-old (Y-O) and old-old (O-O) adults. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis using data from cognitively intact adults 65 years of age or older who participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA)...
September 27, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664405/activity-limitation-stages-are-associated-with-risk-of-hospitalization-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#17
Ling Na, Qiang Pan, Dawei Xie, Jibby E Kurichi, Joel E Streim, Hillary R Bogner, Debra Saliba, Sean Hennessy
BACKGROUND: Activity limitation stages based on activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are associated with 3-year mortality in elderly Medicare beneficiaries, yet their associations with hospitalization risk in this population have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To examine the independent association of activity limitation stages with risk of hospitalization within a year among Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older...
September 21, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633756/developmental-patterns-of-cognitive-function-and-associated-factors-among-the-elderly-in-taiwan
#18
Ting-Yu Chen, Hsing-Yi Chang
Previous research has discussed the factors associated with cognitive impairment, but the patterns of its development have been little described. Our aim was to examine long-term development of cognitive function and the related factors using longitudinal follow-up data. A group-based trajectory model and multinomial logistic regression were applied to identify trajectories and the associated baseline factors, and a mixed model was used to identify the time-varying factors associated with the trajectories. Three trajectories were identified: starting low and declining (30...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631311/-experience-keeps-a-dear-school-the-effects-of-ethnicity-and-caregiving-experience-on-hiring-a-healthcare-advocate
#19
Charles Van Liew, Maya Santoro, Dhwani Kothari, Jennalee Wooldridge, Terry A Cronan
In the present study, ethnic differences in evaluating the severity and associated needs of medical complications experienced by an elderly man and the likelihood of seeking professional assistance (i.e., hire a healthcare advocate [HCA]) to care for him, and for one's own family or parent should they become ill, as a function of previous caregiving experience, were investigated. The 974 participants were White, Black, Hispanic, or Asian/Pacific Islander. They read a hypothetical vignette about a 75-year-old man, Daryl, who was experiencing health problems...
December 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617272/the-comorbid-influence-of-high-depressive-symptoms-and-diabetes-on-mortality-and-disability-in-mexican-americans-aged-75-and-above
#20
Brian Downer, Sunshine Rote, Kyriakos S Markides, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVE: To examine the individual and combined effects of depression and diabetes on mortality and disability over 6 years among Mexican Americans aged ≥75. METHOD: The final sample included 1,785 participants from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratios for incidence for mortality and disability according to diabetes and depressive symptoms...
January 2016: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
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