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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729011/iranian-brief-pain-inventory-validation-and-application-in-elderly-people-with-cancer-pain
#1
Mahtab Alizadeh-Khoei, Farshad Sharifi, Mohamad Esmaeil Akbari, Reza Fadayevatan, Marjan Haghi
CONTEXT: Cancer is a major health problem in the elderly, and pain is one of the most common symptoms among older patients with cancer. Sufficient pain treatments depend on the accuracy of the pain assessment tool. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-IR) among elderly individuals with cancer. METHODS: This validation study was conducted with 368 people aged 60+ years old who were undergoing oncology treatments...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721433/oral-health-and-the-frail-elderly
#2
L Rapp, S Sourdet, B Vellas, M-H Lacoste-Ferré
INTRODUCTION: The relationships between oral health conditions and frailty have rarely been explored. A systematic review of frailty components and oral health concluded that differences in study population endpoint criteria and study design cannot establish a relationship between frailty and oral health. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the distribution of the OHAT (Oral Health Assessment Tool) score in a population of frail subjects and to assess associated parameters (age, socio-economic status, living conditions, education level, nutritional habits, cognitive functioning, autonomy)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666062/a-populational-based-survey-on-the-prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-urinary-incontinence-in-older-adults-results-from-the-sabe-study
#3
José Tadeu Nunes Tamanini, Letícia Valério Pallone, Marair Grácio Ferreira Sartori, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Jair Lício Ferreira Dos Santos, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Philip E V A van Kerrebroeck
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of urinary incontinence (UI) and identify the associated risk factors in a cohort of elderly individuals in Brazil. METHODS: In 2006, individuals aged ≥60 years were selected from the SABE Study (Health, Well-being, and Aging). The dependent variable was reported UI in 2009. UI was assessed using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF). Incidence was measured in units of 1000 person-years, and Cox regression was applied for data analysis...
June 30, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662602/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-disability-outcomes-among-post-acute-home-care-patients
#4
Jo-Ana D Chase, Liming Huang, David Russell, Alexandra Hanlon, Melissa O'Connor, Keith M Robinson, Kathryn H Bowles
OBJECTIVE: To examine activities of daily living (ADL) disability outcomes among racially/ethnically diverse elders receiving home care (HC) after hospitalization. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of single-agency, 2013-2014 Outcome and Assessment Information Set data from older adults who received post-hospitalization HC ( n = 20,674). We measured overall change in ADL disability by summing the difference of standardized admission and discharge scores from nine individual ADL...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657169/pilot-study-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-on-predicting-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes
#5
Gong-Xiang Liu, Yan Chen, Ying-Xue Yang, Kun Yang, Jin Liang, Shuang Wang, Hua-Tian Gan
AIM: To date, few studies have focused on the nutritional status of elderly hospitalized patients with diabetes. Our aims were to explore the prevalence of malnutrition among elderly diabetes patients admitted to the hospital, and to explore the relationships between malnutrition and geriatric syndromes, diabetic complications, and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, observational study including diabetes patients aged ≥65 years was carried out in a central hospital in Western China...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649855/quality-of-life-and-its-factors-in-korean-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Younhee Kang, Eliza Lee
Based on the secondary data analysis, this study aimed to identify quality of life and factors that affect quality of life among Korean elderly with mild cognitive impairment. Demographic characteristics, physical factors, and psychosocial factors as well as quality of life of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment were comprehensively measured. The research subjects consisted of 348 home-resident elderly and their quality of life scores were relatively high at 29.86. Their quality of life varied according to education and gender, and instrumental activities of daily living (actual, latent), somatic symptoms, sleep quality, depression, and social support affected their quality of life...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629695/a-controlled-study-of-the-influence-of-comorbidity-on-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-cancer-survivors-the-hunt-3-survey
#7
Ellen Karine Grov, Sophie D Fosså, Alv A Dahl
OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of somatic comorbidity on Activity of Daily Living (ADL) problems in cancer survivors ≥70years (ECSs) based on data from The Health Study of Nord-Trøndelag County (HUNT-3) 2006-08. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among participants of the HUNT-3 survey, 599 ECSs had a diagnosis of one invasive cancer according to both The Cancer Registry of Norway and self-report. Three controls without cancer aged ≥70years for each ECS were drawn from the HUNT-3 sample...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629294/prevalence-of-insomnia-and-related-impact
#8
Manchumad Manjavong, Panita Limpawattana, Pisaln Mairiang, Sirirat Anutrakulchai
Background Sleep problem is a common geriatric condition that can result in various outcomes, both physical and mental, that reduce quality of life. The studies regarding the prevalence and impact of insomnia on daily activities in Thailand in pre-elderly and elderly adults are few. Objectives The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of insomnia among pre-elderly and elderly populations and the secondary objective was to study the impact of insomnia on their daily lives. Methods This study included the participants from the urban middle class in the pre-retirement age of 50 years or older adults who worked for Khon Kaen University (KKU), Khon Kaen, Thailand, and their elderly relatives...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621709/an-unobtrusive-fall-detection-and-alerting-system-based-on-kalman-filter-and-bayes-network-classifier
#9
Jian He, Shuang Bai, Xiaoyi Wang
Falls are one of the main health risks among the elderly. A fall detection system based on inertial sensors can automatically detect fall event and alert a caregiver for immediate assistance, so as to reduce injuries causing by falls. Nevertheless, most inertial sensor-based fall detection technologies have focused on the accuracy of detection while neglecting quantization noise caused by inertial sensor. In this paper, an activity model based on tri-axial acceleration and gyroscope is proposed, and the difference between activities of daily living (ADLs) and falls is analyzed...
June 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605644/gender-differences-in-positive-life-orientation-among-the-nursing-home-elders-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Cheng Jin, Zhibo Zheng, Wei Xian, Ming Bai, Liying Jin, Yuting Li, Xiufei Yang, Yang Sheng, Wensi Ai, Hongbo Liu
INTRODUCTION: Life orientation among the nursing home elders would differ from those of community-dwelling elders due to the different living environment, but may have greater differences in gender. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the positive life orientation and explore the potential risk factors including gender disparities among nursing home elders in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Northeast China...
June 9, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603364/interrelationship-among-the-health-related-and-subjective-quality-of-life-daily-life-activities-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-of-community-dwelling-elderly-females-in-orthopedic-outpatients
#11
Seiichi Takemasa, Ryoma Nakagoshi, Masayuki Uesugi, Yuri Inoue, Makoto Gotou, Susumu Naruse, Yoshihumi Nanba
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the health-related and subjective quality of life of community-dwelling elderly females in orthopedic outpatients, and also examined how such quality of life correlate with their daily life activities and instrumental activities of daily living. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 27 community-dwelling elderly females in orthopedic outpatients (mean age: 76.3 ± 7.4 years). Their health-related quality of life and subjective quality of life, life-space assessment, frenchay activities index were researched...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599584/aging-in-puerto-rico-a-comparison-of-health-status-among-island-puerto-rican-and-mainland-u-s-older-adults
#12
Catherine Pérez, Jennifer A Ailshire
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the health status of older island Puerto Ricans, a segment of the U.S. population that has been largely overlooked in aging research. METHOD: Data from the 2002 Puerto Rican Elderly Health Conditions Project and the 2002 Health and Retirement Study are used to examine differences in disease, disability, and self-rated health among island Puerto Ricans and the mainland U.S.-born older adult population. Differences are further examined by gender...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586818/association-between-persistent-pain-and-memory-decline-and-dementia-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-elders
#13
Elizabeth L Whitlock, L Grisell Diaz-Ramirez, M Maria Glymour, W John Boscardin, Kenneth E Covinsky, Alexander K Smith
Importance: Chronic pain is common among the elderly and is associated with cognitive deficits in cross-sectional studies; the population-level association between chronic pain and longitudinal cognition is unknown. Objective: To determine the population-level association between persistent pain, which may reflect chronic pain, and subsequent cognitive decline. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cohort study with biennial interviews of 10 065 community-dwelling older adults in the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study who were 62 years or older in 2000 and answered pain and cognition questions in both 1998 and 2000...
June 5, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575262/the-association-between-physical-function-and-elder-mistreatment-among-community-dwelling-chinese-older-adults-in-the-greater-chicago-area
#14
Xinqi Dong
Background: Physical function (PF) impairment and elder mistreatment (EM) are alarming public health issues facing by many older adults. Prior studies have not generated uniform findings on the associations between PF and EM. This study aimed to address the research gap of this association among U.S. Chinese aging population. Methods: Three thousand one hundred fifty-eight community-dwelling Chinese older adults in the Greater Chicago Area were surveyed. Independent variables included both self-reported and performance-based PF measurements...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553827/influence-of-type-ii-diabetes-and-high-depressive-symptoms-on-the-likelihood-for-developing-activities-of-daily-living-adl-disability-and-mortality-in-older-puerto-ricans
#15
Brian Downer, Michael Crowe, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development of activities of daily living (ADL) disability and mortality according to diabetes and high depressive symptoms among Puerto Rican adults aged 60 and older. METHOD: Data came from Wave I and Wave II of the Puerto Rican Elderly: Health Conditions Study ( n = 3,419). Logistic regression was used. Using insulin and receiving psychiatric treatment were proxy measures of disease severity for diabetes and depressive symptoms, respectively...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540343/psychosocial-well-being-associated-with-activity-of-daily-living-stages-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Ling Na, Joel E Streim
Objectives: Activity of daily living (ADL) stages demonstrated ordered associations with risk of chronic conditions, hospitalization, nursing home use, and mortality among community-living elderly. This article explores the association of stages with psychosocial well-being. We hypothesized that higher ADL stages (greater ADL limitation) are associated with more restricted social networks, less perceived social support, greater social isolation, and poorer mental health. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (N = 3,002) were analyzed in regression models and latent factor models...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527959/systemic-treatment-patterns-with-advanced-or-recurrent-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-japan-a-retrospective-hospital-administrative-database-study
#17
Feng Wang, Sari Mishina, Shinji Takai, T Kim Le, Kenya Ochi, Kotaro Funato, Shozo Matsuoka, Yuichiro Ohe
PURPOSE: Data on the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in real-world clinical practice in Japan are limited. This large-scale, retrospective cohort study examined data on patients' characteristics and systemic therapies for advanced or recurrent NSCLC in routine practice in Japan. METHODS: This study used an electronic health records-based database of health claims and Diagnosis Procedure Combination data from 215 consenting hospitals in Japan. Records from April 2008 to September 2015 were analyzed...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503542/role-of-physical-activity-in-mortality-prediction-in-elderly-hospice-patients
#18
Hye-Sang Park, Kyu-Tae Lee, Tae-Woon Kim
The prediction of life-expectancy in terminally ill patients is important both for medical and social reasons but it is widely recognized as being inaccurate. The aim of this study was to investigate the mortality predictors and indicators of life extension among elderly patients in a hospice service center. In order to determine the mortality predictors, we investigated the relationship between patients' cognitive status using the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination & Global Deterioration Scale (K-MMSE & GDS), the patient's physical function using the instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL) score, and the patient's blood component values...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494820/positive-and-negative-consequences-of-making-coffee-among-breakfast-related-irrelevant-objects-evidence-from-mci-dementia-and-healthy-ageing
#19
María Rodríguez-Bailón, Tamara García-Morán, Nuria Montoro-Membila, Estrella Ródenas-García, Marisa Arnedo Montoro, María Jesús Funes Molina
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported impairments in activities of daily living (ADL) performance in the presence of irrelevant but physically/functionally related objects in dementia patients. The aim of the present study was to increase our knowledge about the impact of the presence of contextually related non-target objects on ADL execution in patients with multi-domain mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. METHODS: We compared ADL execution in patients with MCI, dementia, and healthy elderly participants under two experimental conditions: One in which the target objects were embedded with contextually related non-target items that constituted the object set necessary to complete two additional (but unrequired) ADL tasks related to the target task, and a second, control condition where target objects were surrounded by isolated objects (they never constituted a whole set needed to complete an alternative ADL task)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469046/gender-specific-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-among-community-elderly
#20
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahla Cheraghi, Mohammad Zamani, Farzan Kheirkhah, Ali Bijani, Seyed Reza Hosseini
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the gender-specific predictors of depressive symptoms among an Iranian elderly community population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was performed on elderly subjects (aged ≥60 yr) who participated in the Amirkola Health and Aging Project, Amirkola, Babol, northern Iran in 2011-12. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Fourteen variables, including marital status, age, education, occupation, living alone, social support, dependency in daily activities, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, chronic pain, medicine use, comorbidities, and cognitive impairment, were analyzed as predictors of depression...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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