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activities of daily living among elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088377/intracapsular-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly-do-we-know-what-is-important
#1
Diana Crego-Vita, Coral Sanchez-Perez, Jose Adolfo Orellana Gomez-Rico, Celia Clemente de Arriba
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are a common reason for admission to the department of orthopaedic surgery, this condition asks an important part of health resources and is associated with high levels of co-morbidity and mortality. Many improvements have been introduced in the treatment of these patients, preoperative regional analgesia, intensive physical therapy, interdisciplinary care program; but still remain unresolved gaps. The aim of this study is to document the natural history of early versus delayed surgical intervention in elderly patients with hip fractures and to establish the prognostic factors of mortality and walking ability after discharge...
January 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087218/relationship-among-motor-function-adl-disability-and-psychological-concerns-in-elderly-people-with-locomotive-disorders
#2
Toshiyuki Miyawaki, Keigo Kumamoto, Kaori Shimoda, Fusae Tozato, Tsutomu Iwaya
BACKGROUND: Locomotive disorders are one of the main causative pathologies for the condition requiring assistance on activities of daily living (ADL). Although psychological concerns such as feeling of depression and anxiety are prevalent in elderly people, the causal relation among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns is controversial. PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to investigate causal relationship among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns in elderly people with locomotive disorders...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060439/factors-associated-with-unexpected-admissions-and-mortality-among-low-functioning-older-patients-receiving-home-medical-care
#3
Hiroyuki Umegaki, Atushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Takuya Shimojima, Hideki Nomura, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The need for and availability of home medical care for elderly patients with limitations in terms of access to medical facilities has been increasing. We investigated the association between low function, malnutrition, dementia and multicomorbidity with patient prognosis, focusing on unexpected hospital admissions and mortality in elderly non-cancer patients receiving home care. METHODS: The study included 124 Japanese patients receiving home medical care in the form of regular visits from doctors and nurses for physical and/or mental disability...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052929/physical-functioning-and-disability-trajectories-by-age-of-migration-among-mexican-elders-in-the-united-states
#4
Marc A Garcia, Adriana M Reyes
OBJECTIVES: To address a gap in our understanding of the long-term consequences of nativity and age of migration for the health of the Mexican elderly population. METHOD: We employ age graded latent growth curve models stratified by gender to examine the extent of physical functioning and disability, measured in terms of performance-oriented mobility assessments (POMAs) and activities of daily living (ADLs) after age 65 in a large longitudinal sample of Mexican-origin individuals...
January 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001259/health-related-quality-of-life-in-brazilian-community-dwelling-and-institutionalized-elderly-comparison-between-genders
#5
Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, José Maria Maluf DE Carvalho, Fábio Nasri, Maria Luiza Monteiro Costa, Luciana Diniz Nagem Janot DE Matos, Fábio Gazelato DE Mello Franco
Objective: To compare the health-related quality of life (HRQL) indicators between institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly men and women. Method: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample of 496 elderly men and women, surveyed by researchers at a private hospital that attends institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly. HRQL (World Health Organization Quality of Life), daily living activities (Katz questionnaire), and instrumental daily living activities (Lawton questionnaire), mini-mental state examination, handgrip strength test, and function capacity (timed up and go test) were obtained...
December 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987093/quality-of-life-of-older-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors-a-population-based-study
#6
Harveshp D Mogal, Marissa Howard-McNatt, Rebecca Dodson, Nora F Fino, Clancy J Clark
INTRODUCTION: Factors associated with lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among older African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS) have not been elucidated. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare Health Outcome Survey linked dataset, all resected AA BCS over 65 were identified. Using the most recent survey after diagnosis, individuals with a VR12 physical (PCS) or mental (MCS) component score 10 points lower than the median were categorized as having poor HRQOL...
December 16, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979837/trends-in-activities-of-daily-living-disability-in-a-large-sample-of-community-dwelling-chinese-older-adults-in-hong-kong-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#7
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, Billy Chang, Xin Lai, C M Lum, T W Auyeung, Jenny Lee, Kelvin Tsoi, Ruby Lee, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: To examine the trends in activities of daily living (ADL) disability in older Chinese adults in Hong Kong between 2001 and 2012. METHODS: Using data from the Elderly Health Centres (EHCs) of the Department of Health comprising a total of 54 808 community-dwelling Chinese adults aged ≥65 years in 1 early cohort (1904-1917) and 10 3-year birth cohorts (1918-1920, 1921-1923, 1924-1926, 1927-1929, 1930-1932, 1933-1935, 1936-1938, 1939-1941, 1942-1944, 1945-1947), we examined trends in ADL disability by using age-period-cohort (APC) models...
December 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932626/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-association-between-living-arrangements-and-health-among-older-adults-in-china
#8
Zi Zhou, Fanzhen Mao, Jiaping Ma, Shichao Hao, Zhengmin Min Qian, Keith Elder, Jason S Turner, Ya Fang
This article used the nationally representative Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey to explore the associations between living arrangements and health among older adults. Living arrangements were stratified into six categories. Health was measured by self-rated health, activities of daily living (ADL) disability, and cognitive impairment. Random-effects ordered probit regressions were applied. The results indicated that coresidence had a positive effect on self-rated health compared with living alone...
December 8, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925022/perceived-neighborhood-characteristics-and-the-functional-performance-of-elderly-people-in-the-belo-horizonte-metropolitan-area-minas-gerais-state-brazil-a-quantile-regression-analysis
#9
Renzo Joel Flores Ortiz, Fabiane Ribeiro Ferreira, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Cibele Comini César
This study aims to examine the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and the functional performance of elderly people living in the Belo Horizonte metropolitan area, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Data of a representative sample of 2,033 elderly were analyzed using quantile regression. Functional performance was measured by the number of activities of daily living (ADL) the elderly had difficulty to perform. The neighborhood characteristics evaluated were: maintenance, trust, insecurity and defective sidewalks...
December 1, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904424/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unmet-needs-among-the-elderly-residents-of-the-rural-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#10
Abhishek Singh, Mohan Bairwa, Shewtank Goel, Ravi Bypareddy, Prassana Mithra
BACKGROUND: Surrogate markers simple enough to be used by primary care workers have not been closely investigated by the community experts in rural Uttar Pradesh. We assessed the physical disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL) and unmet need in physical disabilities among rural elderly. Predictors of unmet needs in physical disabilities among the elderly were also identified. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly residents of the rural field practice area of a tertiary care centre in rural Uttar Pradesh...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877027/fatigue-as-a-long-term-risk-factor-for-limitations-in-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-or-mobility-performance-in-older-adults-after-10-years
#11
Sigrid Mueller-Schotte, Nienke Bleijenberg, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Marieke J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVES: Decline in the performance of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and mobility may be preceded by symptoms the patient experiences, such as fatigue. The aim of this study is to investigate whether self-reported non-task-specific fatigue is a long-term risk factor for IADL-limitations and/or mobility performance in older adults after 10 years. METHODS: A prospective study from two previously conducted cross-sectional studies with 10-year follow-up was conducted among 285 males and 249 females aged 40-79 years at baseline...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849279/oral-health-status-and-functional-capacity-in-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#12
Yan Nogueira Freitas, Kenio Costa Lima, Diviane Alves da Silva
Introduction: The study of oral health conditions and functional dependency in elderly people represents an important step toward the comprehension of the intervenient factors in the health care of this population. Purpose: This methodological note described strategies and methods adopted in a longitudinal study which has been analyzing the association of oral health conditions with functional dependence among the elderly population in a city located in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849264/association-between-disability-and-social-capital-among-community-dwelling-elderly
#13
Cristina Franco Gontijo, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Tatiana Chama Borges da Luz, Antônio Ignácio de Loyola
Objective: To assess the prevalence of disability and its association with social capital among community-dwelling elderly. Methods: The study was based on 2nd Health Survey of Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region - 2010, that included 1,995 community-dwelling elderly, randomly sampled. The exposure of interest was social capital, measured by confidence in neighborhood, perception of the physical environment, sense of cohesion in housing, and neighborhood perception of help...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847677/the-use-of-moca-and-other-cognitive-tests-in-evaluation-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-arthroplasty
#14
Jukka Puustinen, Liisa Luostarinen, Markku Luostarinen, Veijo Pulliainen, Heini Huhtala, Marjo Soini, Jaana Suhonen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and effect of cognitive impairment on treatment outcomes in elderly patients undergoing arthroplasty and to describe the feasibility of cognitive tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants were 52 patients with a mean age of 78 years 11 months (SD: 3.3), waiting for primary arthroplasty. We translated Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) into Finnish and compared it with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Mini-Cog, and clock-drawing tests prior to and 3 months after the surgery...
December 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846880/residential-area-characteristics-and-disabilities-among-dutch-community-dwelling-older-adults
#15
Astrid Etman, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Frank H Pierik, Alex Burdorf, Frank J Van Lenthe
BACKGROUND: Living longer independently may be facilitated by an attractive and safe residential area, which stimulates physical activity. We studied the association between area characteristics and disabilities and whether this association is mediated by transport-related physical activity (TPA). METHODS: Longitudinal data of 271 Dutch community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older participating in the Elderly And their Neighbourhood (ELANE) study in 2011-2013 were used...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830386/effectiveness-of-elcatonin-for-alleviating-pain-and-inhibiting-bone-resorption-in-patients-with-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures
#16
Shinya Tanaka, Akira Yoshida, Shinjiro Kono, Tadanori Oguma, Kyoichi Hasegawa, Manabu Ito
Elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures often experience severe pain that reduces their quality of life (QOL). Calcitonin, a bone resorption inhibitor, has been reported to alleviate pain in such patients; however, few clinical studies have demonstrated this effect. The objective of this study was to compare changes in pain scores, activities of daily living (ADL), QOL, bone resorption, bone mineral density (BMD), and fracture healing among patients with new vertebral fractures who received different treatment modalities...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829369/the-role-of-high-intensity-physical-exercise-in-the-prevention-of-disability-among-community-dwelling-older-people
#17
Astrid Etman, Frank H Pierik, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Alex Burdorf, Frank J van Lenthe
BACKGROUND: Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is considered important to prevent disability among community-dwelling older people. To develop MVPA programs aimed at reducing or preventing disability more insight is needed in the contributions of exercise duration and intensity and the interplay between the two. METHODS: Longitudinal data of 276 Dutch community-dwelling persons aged 65 years and older participating in the Elderly And their Neighbourhood (ELANE) study were used...
November 9, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803007/management-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cll-in-the-elderly-a-position-paper-from-an-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology-siog-task-force
#18
R Stauder, B Eichhorst, M E Hamaker, K Kaplanov, V A Morrison, A Österborg, I Poddubnaya, J A Woyach, T Shanafelt, L Smolej, L Ysebaert, V Goede
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) mainly affects older people: the median age at diagnosis is > 70 years. Elderly patients with CLL are heterogeneous with regard both to the biology of their disease and aging. Following the diagnosis of CLL in an elderly individual, careful risk assessment is essential when treatment options are evaluated. This includes not only clinical staging and evaluation of disease-specific prognostic biomarkers such as 17p deletion and TP53 mutation, but also of comorbidities, physical capacity, nutritional status, cognitive capacity, ability to perform activities of daily living and social support...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799751/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-upon-discharge
#19
Nuruljannah Johari, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Norhayati Ibrahim, Suzana Shahar, Norlaila Mustafa
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784269/the-association-of-multimorbidity-and-disability-in-a-community-based-sample-of-elderly-aged-80-or-older-in-shanghai-china
#20
Peng Su, Hansheng Ding, Wei Zhang, Guangfeng Duan, Yitong Yang, Rong Chen, Zengjie Duan, Lixia Du, Chunyan Xie, Chunlin Jin, Chaoqun Hu, Zixue Sun, Junrui Long, Lingling Gong, Wenhua Tian
BACKGROUND: Both multimorbidity and activities of daily living (ADL) disability and instrument activities of daily living (IADL) disability are common among elderly individuals. ADL/IADL disability may reduce individuals' capacities for independent living and quality of life. This study aimed to examine the association between multimorbidity and ADL/IADL disability. METHODS: A multi-stage cluster sample of 2058 residents aged 80 or older was investigated in Shanghai, China...
October 27, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
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