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activities of daily living among elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316721/predictors-of-a-change-and-correlation-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-hip-fracture-in-elderly-patients-in-a-community-hospital-in-poland-a-six-month-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Maria Ganczak, Krzysztof Chrobrowski, Marcin Korzeń
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of hip fractures (HFs) in elderly persons include a deterioration in functional capacity to perform activities that enable independent living. Since prior research into this issue in Central Europe is rather scant, this study sought to assess the change in activities and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL) after HF surgery among Polish patients, to study predictors of regaining pre-fracture functional status three and six months later, and to evaluate the correlation between ADL and IADL limitations over time...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315609/validity-and-reliability-of-a-malay-version-of-the-lawton-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-scale-among-the-malay-speaking-elderly-in-malaysia
#2
Masne Kadar, Suhaili Ibrahim, Nor Afifi Razaob, Siaw Chui Chai, Dzalani Harun
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale is a tool often used to assess independence among elderly at home. Its suitability to be used with the elderly population in Malaysia has not been validated. This current study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale - Malay Version to Malay speaking elderly in Malaysia. METHODS: This study was divided into three phases: (1) translation and linguistic validity involving both forward and backward translations; (2) establishment of face validity and content validity; and (3) establishment of reliability involving inter-rater, test-retest and internal consistency analyses...
January 9, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313171/gender-effect-on-well-being-of-the-oldest-old-a-survey-of-nonagenarians-living-in-tuscany-the-mugello-study
#3
Luca Padua, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Daniele Coraci, Isabella Imbimbo, Alessandro Giordani, Claudia Loreti, Camillo Marra, Raffaello Molino-Lova, Guido Pasquini, Ilaria Simonelli, Federica Vannetti, Claudio Macchi
The population of industrialized nations is progressively aging, with Italy having one of the most elderly populations in the world. Natural aging may be associated with physical and cognitive impairments, often straining public resources. The present study aims to investigate the influence of gender on wellness of the nonagenarians. We evaluated quality of life among nonagenarians living in the Mugello area, an Italian location with a large population of individuals > 90 years, using the Health Survey Scoring SF-12...
January 8, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294807/prevalence-of-elder-polyvictimization-in-the-united-states-data-from-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study
#4
Joah L Williams, Elise H Racette, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Ron Acierno
Elder abuse, including emotional, physical, sexual, financial, and neglectful mistreatment is widespread in the United States, with as much as 11% of community-residing older adults experiencing some form of abuse in the past year. Little data exist regarding the prevalence of polyvictimization, or experience of multiple forms of abuse, which may exacerbate negative outcomes over that of any one form of victimization in isolation. This study evaluates the prevalence of elder polyvictimization among a nationally representative sample of community-residing U...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284406/an-additive-effect-of-leading-role-in-the-organization-between-social-participation-and-dementia-onset-among-japanese-older-adults-the-ages-cohort-study
#5
Yuta Nemoto, Tami Saito, Satoru Kanamori, Taishi Tsuji, Kokoro Shirai, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Kazushi Maruo, Takashi Arao, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Several previous studies reported social participation may reduce the incident of dementia; therefore, the type of positions held in the organization may relate to dementia onset. However, this hypothesis remains largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to examine the additive effect of a leadership position in the organization on dementia onset and social participation among elderly people in a local community, according to data from a Japanese older adults cohort study...
December 29, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236614/depression-among-older-japanese-americans-the-impact-of-functional-adl-iadl-and-cognitive-status
#6
Bum Jung Kim, Lin Liu, Susan Nakaoka, Sumi Jang, Colette Browne
PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to investigate the relationship between activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, and depression among Japanese American elders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 207 older Japanese Americans (68 years and older) was conducted in Los Angeles, California and Honolulu, Hawaii. Independent variables included activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, and cognitive functioning...
December 13, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213491/prevalence-of-functional-cognitive-impairment-and-associated-factors-in-brazilian-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Andréa Silva Gondim, João Macedo Coelho Filho, Alexandre de Andrade Cavalcanti, Jarbas de Sá Roriz Filho, Charlys Barbosa Nogueira, Arnaldo Aires Peixoto Junior, José Wellington de Oliveira Lima
The identification of the prevalence of cognitive impairment and associated factors among older adults is important in countries facing rapid demographic transition, given the significant implications for public policy and health planning. Objective: To determine the prevalence of functional cognitive impairment (FCI) and associated factors in Brazilian community-dwelling older adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 461 elderly subjects residing in Fortaleza city, Ceará was conducted...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188870/association-between-siesta-daytime-sleep-dietary-patterns-and-the-presence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-elderly-living-in-mediterranean-area-medis-study-the-moderating-effect-of-gender
#8
E N Georgousopoulou, N Naumovski, D D Mellor, S Tyrovolas, S Piscopo, G Valacchi, N Tsakountakis, A Zeimbekis, V Bountziouka, E Gotsis, G Metallinos, D Tyrovola, J Kellett, A Foscolou, J-A Tur, A-L Matalas, C Lionis, E Polychronopoulos, L Sidossis, D Panagiotakos
OBJECTIVES: Several lifestyle parameters including diet, physical activity and sleep were associated in isolation with the presence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in adults, to date there is a paucity of studies which evaluated their combined role aging populations and especially with respect to gender. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide a global consideration of the lifestyle factors associated with MetS among elderly individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186786/a-radar-based-smart-sensor-for-unobtrusive-elderly-monitoring-in-ambient-assisted-living-applications
#9
Giovanni Diraco, Alessandro Leone, Pietro Siciliano
Continuous in-home monitoring of older adults living alone aims to improve their quality of life and independence, by detecting early signs of illness and functional decline or emergency conditions. To meet requirements for technology acceptance by seniors (unobtrusiveness, non-intrusiveness, and privacy-preservation), this study presents and discusses a new smart sensor system for the detection of abnormalities during daily activities, based on ultra-wideband radar providing rich, not privacy-sensitive, information useful for sensing both cardiorespiratory and body movements, regardless of ambient lighting conditions and physical obstructions (through-wall sensing)...
November 24, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183277/unfavorable-impact-of-cancer-cachexia-on-activity-of-daily-living-and-need-for-inpatient-care-in-elderly-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-japan-a-prospective-longitudinal-observational-study
#10
Tateaki Naito, Taro Okayama, Takashi Aoyama, Takuya Ohashi, Yoshiyuki Masuda, Madoka Kimura, Hitomi Shiozaki, Haruyasu Murakami, Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, Tetsuhiko Taira, Akira Ono, Kazushige Wakuda, Hisao Imai, Takuya Oyakawa, Takeshi Ishii, Shota Omori, Kazuhisa Nakashima, Masahiro Endo, Katsuhiro Omae, Keita Mori, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Akira Tanuma, Toshiaki Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia in elderly patients may substantially impact physical function and medical dependency. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of cachexia on activity of daily living (ADL), length of hospital stay, and inpatient medical costs among elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: Thirty patients aged ≥70 years with advanced NSCLC (stage III-IV) scheduled to receive first-line chemotherapy were prospectively enrolled between January 2013 and November 2014...
November 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183037/efficacy-of-a-new-post-mouthwash-intervention-wiping-plus-oral-nutritional-supplements-for-preventing-aspiration-pneumonia-in-elderly-people-a-multicenter-randomized-comparative-trial
#11
Takashi Higashiguchi, Hiroshi Ohara, Yayoi Kamakura, Takeshi Kikutani, Masafumi Kuzuya, Hiromi Enoki, Hiromi Sanada, Masami Matsuzaki, Michio Maruyama
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of death among the elderly (≥90-year-old) in nursing homes. Studies suggest that its incidence could be reduced by oral care interventions. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a new oral care intervention: wiping plus oral nutritional supplements (ONS). METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in 252 patients (age 88.0 ± 6.5 years) in 75 nursing homes, rehabilitation hospitals, and other care facilities...
November 28, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180622/calf-circumference-as-a-novel-tool-for-risk-of-disability-of-the-elderly-population
#12
Yu-Shan Sun, Tung-Wei Kao, Yaw-Wen Chang, Wen-Hui Fang, Chung-Ching Wang, Li-Wei Wu, Hui-Fang Yang, Fang-Yih Liaw, Wei-Liang Chen
Disability became increasingly common with age, and crude rates of disability were rising around the globe. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between calf circumference (CC) and disability in the U.S. elderly population. From the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a total of 4,245 participants with an age range of 60-84 years were included. Disability was defined as the total number of difficulties within the following 5 major domains of disability, such as activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental ADL, general physical activities, lower extremity mobility, and leisure and social activities...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164595/frequency-of-leaving-the-house-and-mortality-from-age-70-to-95
#13
Jeremy M Jacobs, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jochanan Stessman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between frequency of leaving the house and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of an age-homogenous, representative, community-dwelling birth cohort (born 1920-21) from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 70 (n = 593), 78 (n = 973), 85 (n = 1164), and 90 (n = 645), examined in 1990, 1998, 2005, and 2010, respectively...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151554/social-support-and-care-needs-of-the-disabled-elderly-population-an-empirical-study-based-on-survey-data-from-beijing-china
#14
Xiaoning Hao, Juan Gu, Xiangji Ying, Tao Bo, Wei Fu
In order to describe and examine differences in social support and care needs among disabled Chinese elderly, the current study used stratified sampling to survey local residents of Beijing age 60 or over in the districts of Xicheng, Chaoyang, and Tongzhou in 2016. Structured in-person interviews were conducted with a 7-domain questionnaire. Multiple logistic regressions were used to compare social support and care needs among functioning, partially disabled, and completely disabled elderly. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 19...
2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139186/factors-associated-with-home-hazards-findings-from-the-malaysian-elders-longitudinal-research-study
#15
Muhammad H Romli, Maw P Tan, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Shahrul B Kamaruzzaman, Lindy Clemson
AIM: Previous studies have investigated home hazards as a risk factor for falls without considering factors associated with the presence of home hazards. The present study aimed to determine patterns of home hazards among urban community-dwelling older Malaysians, and to identify factors contributing to home hazards. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the initial wave of the Malaysian Elders Longitudinal Research study were used. Basic demographics were obtained from the Global Questionnaire...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137174/hdomo-smart-sensor-integration-for-an-active-and-independent-longevity-of-the-elderly
#16
Emanuele Frontoni, Rama Pollini, Paola Russo, Primo Zingaretti, Graziano Cerri
The aim of this paper is to present the main results of HDOMO, an Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) project that involved 16 Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and 2 research institutes. The objective of the project was to create an autonomous and automated domestic environment, primarily for elderly people and people with physical and motor disabilities. A known and familiar environment should help users in their daily activities and it should act as a virtual caregiver by calling, if necessary, relief efforts...
November 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136750/-a-perspective-cohort-study-on-influence-factors-of-survival-outcome-among-the-elderly-aged-%C3%A2-80-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#17
Y B Lyu, J Zhang, J S Luo, W H Shi, Z X Yin, L Q Su, J L Fang, J N Wang, X M Shi
Objective: To investigate the influence factors of survival outcome among elderly aged ≥80 years old. Methods: In baseline survey in 2009, 930 participants aged ≥80 years old were enrolled from 7 longevity areas, to collect the information of socioeconomic factors, life style, cognitive function, activities of daily living and diseases, as well as physical examination to test biomarkers of blood and urine. The survival status was followed up at 2012 and 2014 survey. Stepwise Cox proportional hazards models were used to screen influence factors of 5-year survival...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136749/-relationship-between-the-successful-aging-and-survival-status-among-the-elderly-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#18
W H Shi, Y B Lyu, J S Luo, Z X Yin, X M Shi
Objective: To explore the relationship between successful aging (SA) index and the survival status among elderly from longevity areas of China. Methods: A total of 2 296 old people aged ≥65 years old from 8 longevity areas were enrolled in our baseline survey in 2012. The information of demographics characteristic, life style, self-assessed health and mood or emotional state, cognitive function, abilities of daily living and physical activity were collected by questionnaire. There were 891 SA people in total, whose SA score was 4-5...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120382/factors-associated-with-activities-of-daily-life-disability-among-centenarians-in-rural-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Tingting Wu, Lu Lu, Li Luo, Yingqi Guo, Liying Ying, Qingliu Tao, Huan Zeng, Lingli Han, Zumin Shi, Yong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to ascertain the health and lifestyle factors associated with the activities of daily living (ADL) disability of centenarians in rural Chongqing, China. METHOD: 564 centenarians living in rural Chongqing were selected for this cross-sectional study. Demographic characteristics and self-reported lifestyle factors were obtained from face-to-face interviews. ADL disability was measured using the Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale. RESULT: Among the respondents, 65...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117264/obesity-and-the-burden-of-health-risks-among-the-elderly-in-ghana-a-population-study
#20
Godfred O Boateng, Ellis A Adams, Mavis Odei Boateng, Isaac N Luginaah, Mary-Margaret Taabazuing
BACKGROUND: The causes and health risks associated with obesity in young people have been extensively documented, but elderly obesity is less well understood, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the relationship between obesity and the risk of chronic diseases, cognitive impairment, and functional disability among the elderly in Ghana. It highlights the social and cultural dimensions of elderly obesity and discusses the implications of related health risks using a socio-ecological model...
2017: PloS One
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