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activities of daily living among elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540343/psychosocial-well-being-associated-with-activity-of-daily-living-stages-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Ling Na, Joel E Streim
Objectives: Activity of daily living (ADL) stages demonstrated ordered associations with risk of chronic conditions, hospitalization, nursing home use, and mortality among community-living elderly. This article explores the association of stages with psychosocial well-being. We hypothesized that higher ADL stages (greater ADL limitation) are associated with more restricted social networks, less perceived social support, greater social isolation, and poorer mental health. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (N = 3,002) were analyzed in regression models and latent factor models...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527959/systemic-treatment-patterns-with-advanced-or-recurrent-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-japan-a-retrospective-hospital-administrative-database-study
#2
Feng Wang, Sari Mishina, Shinji Takai, T Kim Le, Kenya Ochi, Kotaro Funato, Shozo Matsuoka, Yuichiro Ohe
PURPOSE: Data on the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in real-world clinical practice in Japan are limited. This large-scale, retrospective cohort study examined data on patients' characteristics and systemic therapies for advanced or recurrent NSCLC in routine practice in Japan. METHODS: This study used an electronic health records-based database of health claims and Diagnosis Procedure Combination data from 215 consenting hospitals in Japan. Records from April 2008 to September 2015 were analyzed...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503542/role-of-physical-activity-in-mortality-prediction-in-elderly-hospice-patients
#3
Hye-Sang Park, Kyu-Tae Lee, Tae-Woon Kim
The prediction of life-expectancy in terminally ill patients is important both for medical and social reasons but it is widely recognized as being inaccurate. The aim of this study was to investigate the mortality predictors and indicators of life extension among elderly patients in a hospice service center. In order to determine the mortality predictors, we investigated the relationship between patients' cognitive status using the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination & Global Deterioration Scale (K-MMSE & GDS), the patient's physical function using the instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL) score, and the patient's blood component values...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494820/positive-and-negative-consequences-of-making-coffee-among-breakfast-related-irrelevant-objects-evidence-from-mci-dementia-and-healthy-ageing
#4
María Rodríguez-Bailón, Tamara García-Morán, Nuria Montoro-Membila, Estrella Ródenas-García, Marisa Arnedo Montoro, María Jesús Funes Molina
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported impairments in activities of daily living (ADL) performance in the presence of irrelevant but physically/functionally related objects in dementia patients. The aim of the present study was to increase our knowledge about the impact of the presence of contextually related non-target objects on ADL execution in patients with multi-domain mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. METHODS: We compared ADL execution in patients with MCI, dementia, and healthy elderly participants under two experimental conditions: One in which the target objects were embedded with contextually related non-target items that constituted the object set necessary to complete two additional (but unrequired) ADL tasks related to the target task, and a second, control condition where target objects were surrounded by isolated objects (they never constituted a whole set needed to complete an alternative ADL task)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469046/gender-specific-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-among-community-elderly
#5
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahla Cheraghi, Mohammad Zamani, Farzan Kheirkhah, Ali Bijani, Seyed Reza Hosseini
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the gender-specific predictors of depressive symptoms among an Iranian elderly community population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was performed on elderly subjects (aged ≥60 yr) who participated in the Amirkola Health and Aging Project, Amirkola, Babol, northern Iran in 2011-12. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Fourteen variables, including marital status, age, education, occupation, living alone, social support, dependency in daily activities, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, chronic pain, medicine use, comorbidities, and cognitive impairment, were analyzed as predictors of depression...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456694/predictive-indices-for-functional-improvement-and-deterioration-institutionalization-and-death-among-elderly-medicare%C3%A2-beneficiaries
#6
Jibby E Kurichi, Pui L Kwong, Dawei Xie, Hillary R Bogner
BACKGROUND: Prediction models can help clinicians provide the best and most appropriate care to their patients and can help policy makers design services for groups at highest risk for poor outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To develop prediction models identifying both risk factors and protective factors for functional deterioration, institutionalization, and death. DESIGN: Cohort study using data from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) SETTING: Community survey...
April 26, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454521/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-association-between-social-participation-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-among-community-dwelling-elderly
#7
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have suggested social participation (SP) has beneficial effects on elderly people's health, most of them failed to deal with paid work. Additionally, few studies have focused on the age effect between SP and older people's health. To investigate whether the association between SP, including paid work, and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), exhibits not only in gender, but also in age among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: In 2014, we distributed self-administered questionnaires to all community-dwelling elderly aged ≥65 in two medium-sized cities in Nara Prefecture, Japan (n = 32,825)...
April 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451835/significance-of-sequential-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-through-inter-hospital-cooperation-between-acute-care-and-rehabilitation-hospitals-in-elderly-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-in-japan
#8
Tomoyuki Morisawa, Katsuhiro Ueno, Yuko Fukuda, Naoto Kanazawa, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Rikito Zaiki, Hiroaki Fuzisaki, Haruka Yoshioka, Maki Sasaki, Kentaro Iwata, Tadaaki Koyama, Takeshi Kitai, Yutaka Furukawa, Tetsuya Takahashi
This study is to evaluate the impact of cooperation between acute care hospital and rehabilitation hospital on physical function, exercise tolerance, activities of daily living (ADL), health-related quality of life (HR-QOL), and psychological function in heart disease patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. Among patients undergoing concurrent medical treatment and cardiac rehabilitation starting early in acute care hospitalization, we selected 30 patients who required continued cardiac rehabilitation in rehabilitation hospitals as subjects...
April 27, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448628/determinants-of-formal-care-use-and-expenses-among-in-home-elderly-in-jing-an-district-shanghai-china
#9
Fen Li, Xinye Fang, Jiechun Gao, Hansheng Ding, Changying Wang, Chunyan Xie, Yitong Yang, Chunlin Jin
The need for formal care among the elderly population has been increasing due to their greater longevity and the evolution of family structure. We examined the determinants of the use and expenses of formal care among in-home elderly adults in Shanghai. A two-part model based on the data from the Shanghai Long-Term Care Needs Assessment Questionnaire was applied. A total of 8428 participants responded in 2014 and 7100 were followed up in 2015. The determinants of the probability of using formal care were analyzed in the first part of the model and the determinants of formal care expenses were analyzed in the second part...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436194/impact-of-living-arrangements-on-clinical-outcomes-among-older-patients-with-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-admitted-to-the-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit-in-taiwan
#10
Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Chih-Jen Wang, Li-Kuo Liu, Li-Ning Peng, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the impact of living arrangements on mortality and functional decline among older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment after discharge from a geriatric evaluation and management unit (GEMU) in Taiwan. METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study used data from the Veteran Affairs Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment from January 2015 to May 2016 for analysis. Data of patients aged 65 years and older with dementia or cognitive impairment at admission to the GEMU of Taipei Veterans General Hospital during the study period were retried for study...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#11
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415035/serum-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-concentration-and-functional-state-the-korean-urban-rural-elderly-kure-study
#12
Hansol Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Katherine M Stefani, Ju-Mi Lee, Young Mi Yoon, Eun Young Lee, Kyoung Min Kim, Yumie Rhee, Yoosik Youm, Chang Oh Kim
BACKGROUND: Functional state and cholesterol metabolism are important for older adults; however, this association has not been fully investigated among community-dwelling older adults. Thus, we investigated the association of HDL cholesterol with multiple functional state measures in an elderly Korean population. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 3514 participants, aged 65 years or older, who participated in baseline health assessment for the Korean Urban Rural Elderly cohort study from 2012 to 2015...
April 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403291/impact-of-home-visits-on-the-functional-capacity-of-patients-with-venous-ulcers
#13
Fabiana Lopes Joaquim, Alessandra Conceição Leite Funchal Camacho, Rose Mary Costa Rosa Andrade Silva, Bruna Silva Leite, Raquel Santos de Queiroz, Cíntia Raquel da Costa de Assis
OBJECTIVE: to compare the impact of home visits, before and after instructions, on the functional capacity of adult and elderly patients with venous ulcers, by means of the KATZ-EIAVD Scale. METHOD: experimental, clinical, randomized, non-blind and controlled study, developed with 32 patients (case and control groups). The research settings were the Wound Care Clinic of the University Hospital Antonio Pedro, and the homes of patients assisted in this clinic. Data collection took place from February to June 2014, by means of a health unit evaluation tool, the KATZ-EIAVD Scale, and a script of instructions to be given to the research subjects that had received a home visit...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399183/associations-between-body-mass-index-mid-arm-circumference-calf-circumference-and-functional-ability-over-time-in-an-elderly-taiwanese-population
#14
Hsin-Jen Tsai, Fu-Kuei Chang
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measurements such as body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference (MAC), and calf-circumference (CC) are assessed with ease during regular health visits, but the associations between these anthropometric parameters and functional ability in elderly population over time has not been studied in detail. This study aimed to examine the associations between functional ability and the anthropometric parameters BMI, MAC, and CC in Taiwanese adults ≥ 65 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392190/prevalence-patterns-and-predictors-of-depression-treatment-among-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals-with-dementia-in-the-united-states
#15
Sandipan Bhattacharjee, Yeum Mok Oh, Eric M Reiman, William J Burke
OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring dementia and depression exerts a substantial burden on the elderly. This study utilizes data from a nationally representative cohort of community-dwelling individuals 65 years and older to examine the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of depression treatment among elderly individuals with co-occurring dementia and depression. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Multiple years of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2012) data...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364103/-association-between-loneliness-and-risks-of-depressive-episode-among-rural-older-people
#16
Zhenjun Yu, Yuanye Gu, Shuiyuan Xiao, Mi Hu, Liang Zhou
To investigate association between loneliness and depressive episode among rural older people.
 Methods: A total of 839 rural adults (aged over 60 years) from Liuyang in Hunan were enrolled by using multi-stage cluster sampling method. The Short-form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Social Support Rating Scale, the Life Events Scale for the Elderly, Quality of Life Scale, and the Activity of Daily Living Scale were used to assess loneliness, the social support condition, the stimulating quantity of negative life events, the quality of life, and the abilities of daily life activities, respectively...
March 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346562/joint-association-of-obesity-and-hypertension-with-disability-in-the-elderly-a-community-based-study-of-residents-in-shanghai-china
#17
P Su, H Ding, W Zhang, G Duan, Y Yang, J Long, L Du, C Xie, C Jin, C Hu, Z Sun, Z Duan, L Gong, W Tian
BACKGROUND: Although both obesity and hypertension are known risk factors for disability, the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability is unknown. This paper is aim to examine the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 8060 elderly community-dwelling individuals participating in the survey initiated by Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission from March to September 2013...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346032/presence-of-vision-impairment-and-risk-of-hospitalization-among-elderly-medicare-beneficiaries
#18
Sila Bal, Jibby E Kurichi, Pui L Kwong, Dawei Xie, Sean Hennessy, Ling Na, Liliana E Pezzin, Joel E Streim, Hillary R Bogner
PURPOSE: To examine the association between vision impairment and all-cause hospitalization among elderly Medicare beneficiaries. METHODS: A population-based study (N = 22,681) of community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older who participated in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey for the years 2001-2007. Beneficiaries were classified into self-reported presence of vision impairment versus no vision impairment. Inpatient hospitalizations were identified using Medicare claims data...
March 27, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343782/lifestyle-socioeconomic-characteristics-and-medical-history-of-elderly-persons-who-receive-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-a-tax-supported-healthcare-system
#19
Maja Hellfritzsch, Reimar Wernich Thomsen, Lisbeth Munksgård Baggesen, Finn Breinholt Larsen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Christian Fynbo Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Observational studies on effectiveness of influenza vaccination in the elderly are thought to be biased by healthier lifestyles and higher socioeconomic status among vaccinated vs. unvaccinated persons. We examined this hypothesis in a uniform tax-supported health care system with free-of-charge influenza vaccination to the elderly. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among Danes aged 65-79years participating in a survey. We compared elderly persons with and without a recent (within six months) influenza vaccination in terms of (i) lifestyle and socioeconomic characteristics obtained from the survey and (ii) health factors including medical history provided by Danish registries...
March 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330442/association-among-activities-of-daily-living-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-yi-ethnic-minority
#20
Lingyun Ran, Xiaodong Jiang, Baogang Li, Hongqian Kong, Mengqi Du, Xiaolan Wang, Hua Yu, Qin Liu
BACKGROUND: The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the elderly population of Yi ethnic minority, which is the seventh largest nationality in China, has been rarely reported. This study was designed to explore the HRQoL of the elderly Yi ethnicity and association between their HRQOL and functional abilities. METHODS: A total of 291 Yi ethnic residents were randomly recruited from 12 rural counties in Yunnan province and divided into different age groups. Local residents in Yunnan province and the elderly from Hangzhou were enrolled as controls...
March 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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