keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Developmental Outcome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783094/the-relation-of-parent-alcohol-disorder-to-young-adult-drinking-outcomes-mediated-by-parenting-effects-of-developmentally-limited-versus-persistent-parent-alcohol-disorder
#1
Ariel Sternberg, Danielle Pandika, Kit K Elam, Laurie Chassin
BACKGROUND: Parent alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a well-established risk factor for the development of offspring AUD and is associated with poor parenting. However, few studies have examined heterogeneity in trajectories of parental AUD and its influence on adolescent offspring drinking, and no studies to date have considered the differential risk to offspring conferred by parental AUDs that are limited to early adulthood. Specifically, AUDs limited to the period of emerging adulthood may confer less risk to a child's environment as recovery following emerging adulthood coincides with the typical ages of entry into the parenting role...
April 25, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782546/chronic-use-of-psychotropic-medications-in-breastfeeding-women-is-it-safe
#2
Nirit Kronenfeld, Tomer Ziv Baran, Maya Berlin, Nour Karra, Natalie Dinavitser, Rana Cohen, Yifat Wiener, Eyal Schwartzberg, Matitiahu Bercovitch
BACKGROUND: Current knowledge regarding chronic use of psychotropic medications during breastfeeding is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of psychotropic monotherapy use during lactation on the breastfed infant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we followed 280 infants whose mothers contacted the Drug Consultation Center (DCC) at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center between January 2011 and December 2015, seeking information regarding the chronic use of psychotropic medications during lactation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782232/living-without-restraint-one-parent-s-reflections-and-recommendations-for-supporting-at-risk-individuals-with-developmental-disabilities
#3
Wilfred Beaudoin, Adam Moore
In the past several years, there has been an important movement to reduce the utilization of restraint for individuals with developmental disabilities. Legislatures, local and national, are taking on the task of shaping the way that our culture supports people who, up until now, have been often treated in a punitive manner rather than truly supportive in a therapeutic way. Schools and systems of care struggle to identify strategies that offer more positive outcomes to all individuals, even those with challenging behaviors...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781646/emotional-clarity-development-and-psychosocial-outcomes-during-adolescence
#4
Liza M Haas, Brae Anne McArthur, Taylor A Burke, Thomas M Olino, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Past research on emotional clarity (EC), the ability to identify and label one's own emotions, has illustrated an association between EC deficits and poor psychosocial outcomes during the adolescent years. Although past research has connected EC to psychosocial outcomes during adolescence in cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, no studies have traced the trajectory of EC over time to determine the developmental course of the construct during adolescence. Thus, this study investigated how EC developed over five years during adolescence and what factors were associated with the developmental trajectory of emotional clarity...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#5
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777827/is-reward-prediction-error-encoding-reliable-during-development
#6
Hanna Keren, Gang Chen, Brenda Benson, Monique Ernst, Ellen Leibenluft, Nathan A Fox, Daniel S Pine, Argyris Stringaris
Reward Prediction Errors (RPEs), defined as the difference between the expected and received outcomes, are integral to reinforcement learning models and play an important role in development and psychopathology. In humans, RPE encoding can be estimated using fMRI recordings, however, a basic measurement property of RPE signals, their test-retest reliability across different time scales, remains an open question. In this paper, we examine the 3-month and 3-year reliability of RPE encoding in youth (mean age at baseline = 10...
May 16, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777730/understanding-facial-expressivity-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-inside-out-review-of-the-biological-basis-and-clinical-implications
#7
REVIEW
Stephen I Deutsch, C Teal Raffaele
Deficits in decoding and understanding facially expressed emotions occur commonly in persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which contribute to the impairment of social communication that serves as one of its core diagnostic criteria. Research suggests that abnormalities of visual scanning of the face, activation of key nodes within the "social brain" by facially expressed emotions, functional connectivity within and between nodes of the "social brain", and transduction of specific neurotransmitter/neuromodulatory signals contribute to the pathogenesis of these deficits in at least some persons with ASD...
May 16, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777555/impact-of-nicu-oral-feeding-on-neuropsychomotor-outcomes-at-9-months-of-corrected-age-in-chinese-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-study
#8
Wenwen Ding, Lijin Zhao, Nan Sheng, Jiali Ma, Ying Zhang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the changes in neuropsychomotor development and investigate the effect of feeding progression in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on neuropsychomotor outcomes in low-birth-weight preterm infants within 9 months of corrected age. BACKGROUND: Low-birth-weight (LBW) preterm infants (<37 weeks of gestation and birth weight < 2500 g) are at a high risk for neuropsychomotor development delay. Therefore, exploring NICU practices related to neuropsychomotor development is important...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777541/developmental-transactions-between-self-regulation-and-academic-achievement-among-low-income-african-american-and-latino-children
#9
Britain Mills, Nazly Dyer, Daniel Pacheco, Dawn Brinkley, Margaret T Owen, Margaret O Caughy
This study examined the development of emerging self-regulation (SR) skills across the preschool years and relations to academic achievement in kindergarten and first grade. SR skills of 403 low-income African American and Latino children were measured at 2&1/2, 3&1/2, and 5 years (kindergarten). Reading and math skills were measured at 5 and 6 years (first grade) using the Woodcock-Johnson. Transactional relations between SR skills and achievement outcomes were estimated with latent difference score models...
May 19, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776862/social-participation-social-support-and-body-image-in-the-first-year-of-rehabilitation-in-burn-survivors-a-longitudinal-three-wave-cross-lagged-panel-analysis-using-structural-equation-modeling
#10
Fardin Ajoudani, Madineh Jasemi, Mojgan Lotfi
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial outcomes of burn survivors in the first year of rehabilitation are not well studied. Considering the interrelationships among psychosocial processes in burn survivors, we assessed three psychosocial variables (i.e., social support, social participation, and body image) simultaneously in a longitudinal study. AIMS: This study aimed at identifying the developmental trajectory of the main study variables and also discovering the causal pathways between social support, body image, and social participation of burn survivors in the first year of rehabilitation...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775869/mathematics-intervention-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-replication-and-extension-of-the-math-interactive-learning-experience-mile-program
#11
Katrina Kully-Martens, Jacqueline Pei, Julie Kable, Claire D Coles, Gail Andrew, Carmen Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) experience deficits in behavior, cognition, and academic functioning resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Although receiving intervention for developmental disabilities is a strong protective factor against negative outcomes in FASD, intervention research in this population is in its infancy. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend a mathematics intervention, the Math Interactive Learning Experience (MILE) program, which was developed in the USA specifically for children with FASD...
May 15, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774457/vitamin-d-as-a-follicular-marker-of-human-oocyte-quality-and-a-serum-marker-of-in-vitro-fertilization-outcome
#12
Przemysław Ciepiela, Antoni J Dulęba, Ewelina Kowaleczko, Kornel Chełstowski, Rafał Kurzawa
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between the vitamin D [25(OH)D] level in individual follicles and oocyte developmental competence. METHODS: A prospective cohort study in a private infertility center. Infertile women (N = 198) scheduled for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and a single embryo transfer (SET) provided serum samples and 322 follicular fluid (FF) specimens, each from a single follicle on the day of oocyte retrieval. RESULTS: FFs corresponding to successfully fertilized oocytes (following ICSI) contained significantly lower 25(OH)D level compared with those that were not fertilized (28...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774131/methylation-of-dna-and-chromatin-as-a-mechanism-of-oncogenesis-and-therapeutic-target-in-neuroblastoma
#13
REVIEW
Ram Mohan Ram Kumar, Nina Felice Schor
Neuroblastoma (NB), a developmental cancer, is often fatal, emphasizing the need to understand its pathogenesis and identify new therapeutic targets. The heterogeneous pathological and clinical phenotype of NB underscores the cryptic biological and genetic features of this tumor that result in outcomes ranging from rapid progression to spontaneous regression. Despite recent genome-wide mutation analyses, most primary NBs do not harbor driver mutations, implicating epigenetically-mediated gene regulatory mechanisms in the initiation and maintenance of NB...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773478/preventive-strategies-for-mental-health
#14
REVIEW
Celso Arango, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Patrick D McGorry, Judith Rapoport, Iris E Sommer, Jacob A Vorstman, David McDaid, Oscar Marín, Elena Serrano-Drozdowskyj, Robert Freedman, William Carpenter
Available treatment methods have shown little effect on the burden associated with mental health disorders. We review promising universal, selective, and indicated preventive mental health strategies that might reduce the incidence of mental health disorders, or shift expected trajectories to less debilitating outcomes. Some of these interventions also seem to be cost-effective. In the transition to mental illness, the cumulative lifetime effect of multiple small effect size risk factors progressively increases vulnerability to mental health disorders...
May 14, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#15
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770755/body-composition-during-early-infancy-and-developmental-progression-from-1-to-5-years-of-age-the-infant-anthropometry-and-body-composition-iabc-cohort-study-among-ethiopian-children
#16
Mubarek Abera, Markos Tesfaye, Bitiya Admassu, Charlotte Hanlon, Christian Ritz, Rasmus Wibaek, Kim F Michaelsen, Henrik Friis, Jonathan C Wells, Gregers S Andersen, Tsinuel Girma, Pernille Kæstel
Early nutrition and growth have been found to be important early exposures for later development. Studies of crude growth in terms of weight and length/height, however, cannot elucidate how body composition (BC) might mediate associations between nutrition and later development. In this study, we aimed to examine the relation between fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass (FFM) tissues at birth and their accretion during early infancy, and later developmental progression. In a birth cohort from Ethiopia, 455 children who have BC measurement at birth and 416 who have standardised rate of BC growth during infancy were followed up for outcome variable, and were included in the statistical analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770461/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-the-adapted-self-regulation-questionnaire-assessing-autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-healthful-eating-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-parents
#17
V Quick, L M Lipsky, T R Nansel
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the psychometric properties of 2 adapted Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ) measures assessing youth with type 1 diabetes motivation internalization for healthful eating and their parents motivation internalization for providing healthy meals for the family. METHODS: External validity of the adapted SRQ was evaluated with respect to healthy eating attitudes (healthful eating self-efficacy, barriers, and outcome expectations) assessed by questionnaire, diet quality (Healthy Eating Index-2005 [HEI-2005]; Nutrient-Rich Foods Index 9...
May 16, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769753/developing-a-typology-of-mentoring-programmes-for-young-people-attending-secondary-school-in-the-united-kingdom-using-qualitative-methods
#18
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. The typology was consulted on with five experts in mentoring...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768152/effect-of-cannabidiol-on-drop-seizures-in-the-lennox-gastaut-syndrome
#19
Orrin Devinsky, Anup D Patel, J Helen Cross, Vicente Villanueva, Elaine C Wirrell, Michael Privitera, Sam M Greenwood, Claire Roberts, Daniel Checketts, Kevan E VanLandingham, Sameer M Zuberi
BACKGROUND: Cannabidiol has been used for treatment-resistant seizures in patients with severe early-onset epilepsy. We investigated the efficacy and safety of cannabidiol added to a regimen of conventional antiepileptic medication to treat drop seizures in patients with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a severe developmental epileptic encephalopathy. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted at 30 clinical centers, we randomly assigned patients with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (age range, 2 to 55 years) who had had two or more drop seizures per week during a 28-day baseline period to receive cannabidiol oral solution at a dose of either 20 mg per kilogram of body weight (20-mg cannabidiol group) or 10 mg per kilogram (10-mg cannabidiol group) or matching placebo, administered in two equally divided doses daily for 14 weeks...
May 17, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767824/variability-in-verbal-and-nonverbal-communication-in-infants-at-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-predictors-and-outcomes
#20
M Franchini, E Duku, V Armstrong, J Brian, S E Bryson, N Garon, W Roberts, C Roncadin, L Zwaigenbaum, I M Smith
Early communication impairment is among the most-reported first concerns in parents of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Using a parent-report questionnaire, we derived trajectory groups for early language and gesture acquisition in siblings at high risk for ASD and in children at low risk, during their first 2 years of life. Developmental skills at 6 months were associated with trajectory group membership representing growth in receptive language and gestures. Behavioral symptoms also predicted gesture development...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
keyword
keyword
89854
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"