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ankle range of movement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914110/physical-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-non-ulcerated-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#1
REVIEW
Diego N Araujo, Cibele Td Ribeiro, Alvaro Cc Maciel, Selma S Bruno, Guilherme Af Fregonezi, Fernando Al Dias
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common disease that causes discomfort and impairs the quality of life of affected persons. Treatments such as physical exercise that aim to increase the movement of the ankle joint and strengthen the muscle pump in the calf of the leg may be useful to reduce the symptoms of CVI. OBJECTIVES: To assess and summarise the existing clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of physical exercise programmes for the treatment of individuals with non-ulcerated CVI...
December 3, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892823/changes-in-joint-range-of-motion-and-muscle-tendon-unit-stiffness-after-varying-amounts-of-dynamic-stretching
#2
Takamasa Mizuno
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of varying amounts of dynamic stretching (DS) on joint range of motion (ROM) and stiffness of the muscle-tendon unit (MTU). Fifteen healthy participants participated in four randomly ordered experimental trials, which involved one (DS1), four (DS4) and seven (DS7) sets of DS, or control conditions/seated at rest (CON). Each DS set consisted of 15 repetitions of an ankle dorsiflexion-plantarflexion movement. The displacement of the muscle-tendon junction (MTJ) was measured using ultrasonography while the ankle was passively dorsiflexed at 0...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888845/mr-imaging-of-impingement-and-entrapment-syndromes-of-the-foot-and-ankle
#3
REVIEW
Edward Sellon, Philip Robinson
Impingement is a clinical syndrome of chronic pain and restricted range of movement caused by compression of abnormal bone or soft tissue within the ankle joint. It usually occurs following a sprain injury or repetitive microtrauma causing haemorrhage, synovial hyperplasia, and abnormal soft tissue interposition within the joint. MR imaging is particularly valuable in being able to detect not only the soft tissue and osseous abnormalities involved in these syndromes, but also a wide variety of other potential causes of ankle pain and instability that also may need to be addressed clinically...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875755/individual-differences-in-brainstem-and-basal-ganglia-structure-predict-postural-control-and-balance-loss-in-young-and-older-adults
#4
Matthieu P Boisgontier, Boris Cheval, Sima Chalavi, Peter van Ruitenbeek, Inge Leunissen, Oron Levin, Alice Nieuwboer, Stephan P Swinnen
It remains unclear which specific brain regions are the most critical for human postural control and balance, and whether they mediate the effect of age. Here, associations between postural performance and corticosubcortical brain regions were examined in young and older adults using multiple structural imaging and linear mixed models. Results showed that of the regions involved in posture, the brainstem was the strongest predictor of postural control and balance: lower brainstem volume predicted larger center of pressure deviation and higher odds of balance loss...
November 1, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863604/bowenwork-for-symptom-management-of-women-breast-cancer-survivors-with-lymphedema-a-pilot-study
#5
Christine A Argenbright, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae, Lois J Loescher
PURPOSE: The objectives of this pilot study for women breast cancer survivors with lymphedema was 1) to evaluate recruitment rates, retention rates, adherence to Bowenwork (a noninvasive complementary therapy involving gentle muscle movements), home exercises, safety and comfort; 2) determine the effect of Bowenwork on quality of life (QOL), functional status, perceived pain, range of motion (ROM), arm/ankle circumference (to assess for localized and systemic changes). METHODS: Participants received 4 Bowenwork sessions with home exercises...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861541/accuracy-and-reliability-of-the-kinect-version-2-for-clinical-measurement-of-motor-function
#6
Karen Otte, Bastian Kayser, Sebastian Mansow-Model, Julius Verrel, Friedemann Paul, Alexander U Brandt, Tanja Schmitz-Hübsch
BACKGROUND: The introduction of low cost optical 3D motion tracking sensors provides new options for effective quantification of motor dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the Kinect V2 sensor against a gold standard motion capture system with respect to accuracy of tracked landmark movements and accuracy and repeatability of derived clinical parameters. METHODS: Nineteen healthy subjects were concurrently recorded with a Kinect V2 sensor and an optical motion tracking system (Vicon)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843491/3d-strength-surfaces-for-ankle-plantar-and-dorsi-flexion-in-healthy-adults-an-isometric-and-isokinetic-dynamometry-study
#7
Sara J Hussain, Laura Frey-Law
BACKGROUND: The ankle is an important component of the human kinetic chain, and deficits in ankle strength can negatively impact functional tasks such as balance and gait. While peak torque is influenced by joint angle and movement velocity, ankle strength is typically reported for a single angle or movement speed. To better identify deficits and track recovery of ankle strength after injury or surgical intervention, ankle strength across a range of movement velocities and joint angles in healthy adults is needed...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814855/older-adult-alexander-technique-practitioners-walk-differently-than-healthy-age-matched-controls
#8
Kate A Hamel, Christopher Ross, Brooke Schultz, Matthew O'Neill, David I Anderson
The Alexander Technique (AT) seeks to eliminate harmful patterns of tension that interfere with the control of posture and movement and in doing so, it may serve as a viable intervention method for increasing gait efficacy in older adults. The purpose of this study was to compare the comfortable pace gait kinematics of older AT practitioners with those of healthy, age-matched controls. Participants were six licensed AT practitioners and seven healthy age-matched controls between the ages of 61-76. During the stance phase, AT participants exhibited significantly greater ankle stance range of motion (ROM) and plantar flexion at toe off, as well as lower ROM of the trunk and head compared to controls...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814307/effect-of-shock-wave-therapy-on-ankle-planter-flexors-spasticity-in-stroke-patients
#9
Salah Sawan, Foad Abd-Allah, Montasser M Hegazy, Mohammad A Farrag, Nancy Hosney Sharf El-Den
BACKGROUND: Large number of patients with first-ever stroke developed spasticity. Spasticity can reduce the range of motion, hinder voluntary movements, provoke pain, and result in impairment of functional activities of daily living. OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate the effect of shock wave therapy on ankle planter flexors spasticity in stroke patients. METHODS: We included forty ischemic stroke patients divided into 2 groups; group I were subjected to the selected physical therapy program and shock wave therapy whereas group II received the selected physical therapy program as well as placebo shock wave for six weeks...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810028/a-novel-tool-for-measuring-ankle-dorsiflexion-a-study-of-its-reliability-in-patients-following-ankle-fractures
#10
Peter Larsen, Henrik B Nielsen, Christoffer Lund, Daniel S Sørensen, Birgit T Larsen, Mark Matthews, Bill Vicenzino, Rasmus Elsoe
BACKGROUND: Assessment of ankle joint movement in a weight bearing position has important clinical implications. The lunge ankle dorsiflexion measurement device (LAD) has been developed with the aim of facilitating ease of and standardisation of the measurement of ankle joint movement. The literature lacks studies evaluating the reliability of weight bearing measurements of the ankle joint in study groups with ankle disabilities. The objective of this study was to examine the intra- and inter-tester reliability of ankle dorsiflexion measured with the novel LAD in patients following a fracture of the ankle...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799710/primary-and-secondary-gait-deviations-of-stroke-survivors-and-their-association-with-gait-performance
#11
Hyung-Sik Kim, Soon-Cheol Chung, Mi-Hyun Choi, Seon-Young Gim, Woo-Ram Kim, Gye-Rae Tack, Dae-Woon Lim, Sung-Kuk Chun, Jin-Wook Kim, Kyung-Ryoul Mun
[Purpose] Stroke survivors exhibit abnormal pelvic motion and significantly deteriorated gait performance. Although the gait of stroke survivors has been evaluated at the primary level pertaining to ankle, knee, and hip motions, secondary deviations involving the pelvic motions are strongly related to the primary level. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the kinematic differences of the primary and secondary joints and to identify mechanism differences that alter the gait performance of stroke survivors...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765557/effects-of-talocrural-mobilization-with-movement-on-ankle-strength-mobility-and-weight-bearing-ability-in-hemiplegic-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Chang-Man An, Shin-Ok Jo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In general, adequate movement of the ankle joint is known to play an important role in functional activities. Stroke survivors frequently have limited range of motion of the ankle, leading to dysfunctional weight transfer toward the paretic lower limb during standing or gait. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of talocrural mobilization with movement (MWM) on ankle strength, dorsiflexion passive range of motion (DF-PROM), and weight-bearing ability on the paretic limb during standing or gait in stroke patients with limited ankle dorsiflexion...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762619/simultaneous-bilateral-fractureunilateral-dislocation-of-the-talus
#13
Ümit Aygün, Yalkçn Çalçk, Barçş Alkan, Cengiz Işçk
In this study, we present the case of a 42-year-old man with a fracture and dislocation of the left talus neck, and a fracture of the right talus neck due to a fall. This kind of fracture can be considered rare, and thus few cases have been reported. Fracture fixation was provided through cannulated screws on either side. Splints were removed after 6 weeks, and passive/active joint movement exercises were started. The patient was able to walk with partial weightbearing at 2 months and with full weightbearing at 3 months...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752084/effects-of-five-hindfoot-arthrodeses-on-foot-and-ankle-motion-measurements-in-cadaver-specimens
#14
Kun Zhang, Yanxi Chen, Minfei Qiang, Yini Hao
Single, double, and triple hindfoot arthrodeses are used to correct hindfoot deformities and relieve chronic pain. However, joint fusion may lead to dysfunction in adjacent articular surfaces. We compared range of motion in adjacent joints before and after arthrodesis to determine the effects of each procedure on joint motion. The theory of moment of couple, bending moment and balanced loading was applied to each of 16 fresh cadaver feet to induce dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, internal rotation, external rotation, inversion, and eversion...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739339/changes-in-organisation-of-instep-kicking-as-a-function-of-wearing-compression-and-textured-materials
#15
Hosni Hasan, Keith Davids, Jia Yi Chow, Graham Kerr
This study investigated effects of wearing compression garments and textured insoles on modes of movement organisation emerging during performance of lower limb interceptive actions in association football. Participants were six skilled (age = 15.67 ± 0.74 years) and six less-skilled (age = 15.17 ± 1.1 years) football players. All participants performed 20 instep kicks with maximum velocity in four randomly organised insoles and socks conditions, (a) Smooth Socks with Smooth Insoles (SSSI); (b) Smooth Socks with Textured Insoles (SSTI); (c) Compression Socks with Smooth Insoles (CSSI); and (d), Compression Socks with Textured Insoles (CSTI)...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694591/abnormalities-of-gait-caused-by-ankle-arthritis-are-improved-by-ankle-arthrodesis
#16
J W Brodsky, J M Kane, S Coleman, J Bariteau, S Tenenbaum
AIMS: The surgical management of ankle arthritis with tibiotalar arthrodesis is known to alter gait, as compared with normal ankles. The purpose of this study was to assess post-operative gait function with gait before arthrodesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 20 patients who underwent three-dimensional gait analysis before and after tibiotalar arthrodesis. Cadence, step length, walking velocity and total support time were assessed. Kinetic parameters, including the moment and power of the ankle in the sagittal plane and hip power were also recorded...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694590/the-early-outcome-of-kinematic-versus-mechanical-alignment-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomised-control-trial
#17
H B Waterson, N D Clement, K S Eyres, V I Mandalia, A D Toms
AIMS: Our aim was to compare kinematic with mechanical alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective blinded randomised controlled trial to compare the functional outcome of patients undergoing TKA in mechanical alignment (MA) with those in kinematic alignment (KA). A total of 71 patients undergoing TKA were randomised to either kinematic (n = 36) or mechanical alignment (n = 35). Pre- and post-operative hip-knee-ankle radiographs were analysed...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686412/the-association-of-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-with-hip-and-knee-kinematics-during-the-lateral-step-down-test
#18
Alon Rabin, Sigal Portnoy, Zvi Kozol
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Altered hip and knee kinematics have been associated with several knee disorders, including anterior cruciate ligament tear, patellofemoral pain, and iliotibial band syndrome. Limited ankle dorsiflexion (DF) range of motion (ROM), which has been linked with some of these disorders, has also been associated with altered knee kinematics. Objective To explore the association of ankle DF ROM with hip and knee kinematics during a step-down task. Methods Thirty healthy participants underwent a 3-D analysis of hip and knee kinematics during a lateral step-down test, followed by measurement of ankle DF ROM in weight bearing (WB) and non-weight bearing (NWB)...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662790/ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-influences-lateral-step-down-test-scores-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#19
Terry L Grindstaff, Nadyne Dolan, Sam K Morton
OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) between three groups of individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) based on Lateral Step Down Test quality of movement. The secondary purpose was to quantify the relationship between ankle dorsiflexion ROM and Lateral Step Down Test scores. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine participants with CAI...
July 29, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639322/kinematic-gait-parameters-are-highly-sensitive-measures-of-motor-deficits-and-spinal-cord-injury-in-mice-subjected-to-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#20
Maximillan D J Fiander, Nicolas Stifani, Matthew Nichols, Turgay Akay, George S Robertson
The preclinical selection of therapeutic candidates for progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) would be aided by the development of sensitive behavioural measures that accurately reflect the impact of autoimmune-mediated spinal cord damage on locomotion. Neurological deficits in mice subjected to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) are typically scored using a clinical scale with 5-10 levels of increased disease severity. This ordinal scale represents a general impression of paralysis and impaired gait...
September 14, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
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