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Integrative mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530346/-seeds-of-mindfulness-in-the-desert-preliminary-results-from-a-clinical-trial-in-the-mindfulness-clinic-mental-health-center-beer-sheva
#1
Lee Tibi Cohen, Keren Reiner Noy, Ayelet Shmulevich, Oded Arbel
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based therapies are rooted in the Buddhist tradition, and promote cultivation of qualities such as open awareness, acceptance and compassion. While various studies have demonstrated the efficacy of integrating mindfulness in therapeutic practice for people suffering from clinical conditions such as depression and anxiety as well as the non-clinical population, this was rarely replicated in Israel. In the Mindfulness Clinic, located in the Mental Health Center, Beer Sheva, mindfulness workshops are now available for diverse populations dealing with various challenges such as daily stress, chronic pain, and depression...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530317/-long-term-survival-of-dual-disorders-patients-after-mixed-care-in-dual-disorders-and-standard-wards-versus-care-only-in-dual-disorders-ward
#2
Yuri Gimelfarb, Aviva Wolf, Mashit Ben-Tzarfati
BACKGROUND: Dual disorders (co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse disorders in the same person) are extremely common among patients receiving mental health services. Integrated treatment has been proposed as the standard of care and it describes a flexible combination of treatments from the mental health and addiction fields that are blended together in the therapy. Scientific evidence for survival of dual disorders patients (DDPs), who had integrated dual disorders inpatient care, is lacking...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530045/mental-health-challenges-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#3
Rachel C Vreeman, Brittany M McCoy, Sonia Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mental health is a critical and neglected global health challenge for adolescents infected with HIV. The prevalence of mental and behavioural health issues among HIV-infected adolescents may not be well understood or addressed as the world scales up HIV prevention and treatment for adolescents. The objective of this narrative review is to assess the current literature related to mental health challenges faced by adolescents living with HIV, including access to mental health services, the role of mental health challenges during transition from paediatric to adult care services and responsibilities, and the impact of mental health interventions...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525291/the-state-of-opioid-agonist-therapy-in-canada-20-years-after-federal-oversight
#4
Joseph K Eibl, Kristen Morin, Esa Leinonen, David C Marsh
Opioid agonist therapy was introduced in Canada in 1959 with the use of methadone for the treatment of opioid dependence. The regulation of methadone was the responsibility of Health Canada until 1995, when oversight was transferred to the provincial health systems. During the more than 20 years since the federal health authority transferred oversight of methadone to the provincial level, methadone programming has evolved differently in every province. The landscape of opioid dependence treatment is varied across the country, with generally increasing treatment capacity in all provinces and dramatic increases in some...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#5
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521749/service-user-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-a-rural-african-setting-qualitative-study
#6
Sisay Abayneh, Heidi Lempp, Atalay Alem, Daniel Alemayehu, Tigist Eshetu, Crick Lund, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: It is essential to involve service users in efforts to expand access to mental health care in integrated primary care settings in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is little evidence from LMICs to guide this process. The aim of this study was to explore barriers to, and facilitators of, service user/caregiver involvement in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of a scalable approach. METHODS: Thirty nine semi-structured interviews were carried out with purposively selected mental health service users (n = 13), caregivers (n = 10), heads of primary care facilities (n = 8) and policy makers/planners/service developers (n = 8)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515548/culturally-relevant-family-therapy-practice-with-parents-of-children-and-adolescents
#7
Tania Roy, A Thirumoorthy, R Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: India is diverse in culture, with multiple aspects that may not match with the Western societal picture. Hence, it has often been seen that therapists encounter unique aspects of therapy that is faced during actual practice, which is never written in any textbook or research papers. Substantial information is present through both outcome (efficacy and effectiveness) studies and process research, but it has very little impact of actual Marital and Family Therapy (MFT) practice...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514230/causes-of-death-of-residents-in-acgme-accredited-programs-2000-through-2014-implications-for-the-learning-environment
#8
Nicholas A Yaghmour, Timothy P Brigham, Thomas Richter, Rebecca S Miller, Ingrid Philibert, DeWitt C Baldwin, Thomas J Nasca
PURPOSE: To systematically study the number of U.S. resident deaths from all causes, including suicide. METHOD: The more than 9,900 programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) annually report the status of residents. The authors aggregated ACGME data on 381,614 residents in training during years 2000 through 2014. Names of residents reported as deceased were submitted to the National Death Index to learn causes of death...
May 9, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513399/reducing-health-inequalities-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#9
Nutmeg Hallett, Helen Rees
People with serious mental illness (SMI) are at risk of dying many years earlier than the general population. Providing an effective, cost-efficient healthcare service requires a holistic approach, and improving the physical health of people with SMI should be integral to all healthcare roles. It is important for nurses to identify and understand the barriers that people with SMI may experience when accessing physical healthcare. A range of factors contribute to reduced life expectancy, including lifestyle factors, symptoms of mental illness and the side effects of medications...
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511680/cohort-profile-seek-test-treat-and-retain-united-states-criminal-justice-cohort
#10
Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Curt G Beckwith, Mary L Biggs, William Cunningham, J A Chris Delaney, Patrick M Flynn, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Alex H Kral, Irene Kuo, Jennifer Lorvick, Robin M Nance, Lawrence J Ouellet, Josiah D Rich, Stanley Sacks, David Seal, Anne Spaulding, Sandra A Springer, Faye Taxman, David Wohl, Jeremy D Young, Rebekah Young, Heidi M Crane
BACKGROUND: The STTR treatment cascade provides a framework for research aimed at improving the delivery of services, care and outcomes of PLWH. The development of effective approaches to increase HIV diagnoses and engage PLWH in subsequent steps of the treatment cascade could lead to earlier and sustained ART treatment resulting in viral suppression. There is an unmet need for research applying the treatment cascade to improve outcomes for those with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: The Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain (STTR) criminal justice (CJ) cohort combines data from 11 studies across the HIV treatment cascade that focused on persons involved in the criminal justice system, often but not exclusively for reasons related to substance use...
May 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511676/physical-therapists-and-importance-of-work-participation-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-focus-group-study
#11
Nathan Hutting, Wiebke Oswald, J Bart Staal, Josephine A Engels, Elvira Nouwens, Maria Wg Nijhuis van-der Sanden, Yvonne F Heerkens
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are a major health problem resulting in negative effects on wellbeing and substantial costs to society. Work participation is associated with positive benefits for both mental and physical health. Potentially, generalist physical therapists (GPTs) can play an important role in reducing absenteeism, presenteeism and associated costs in patients with musculoskeletal disorders. However, work participation is often insufficiently addressed within generalist physical therapy practice (GPTP)...
May 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508140/the-state-and-future-of-the-primary-care-behavioral-health-model-of-service-delivery-workforce
#12
Neftali Serrano, Colleen Cordes, Barbara Cubic, Suzanne Daub
The growth of the Primary Care Behavioral Health model (PCBH) nationally has highlighted and created a workforce development challenge given that most mental health professionals are not trained for primary care specialization. This work provides a review of the current efforts to retrain mental health professionals to fulfill roles as Behavioral Health Consultants (BHCs) including certificate programs, technical assistance programs, literature and on-the-job training, as well as detail the future needs of the workforce if the model is to sustainably proliferate...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506927/connecting-minds-and-sharing-emotions-through-mimicry-a-neurocognitive-model-of-emotional-contagion
#13
REVIEW
Eliska Prochazkova, Mariska E Kret
During social interactions, people tend to automatically align with or mimic their interactor's facial expressions, vocalizations, postures, and other bodily states. Automatic mimicry might be implicated in empathy, affiliation, and empathy, and is impaired in several pathologies. Despite a growing body of literature on its phenomenology, the function and underlying mechanisms of mimicry remain poorly understood. The current review puts forward a new Neurocognitive Model of Emotional Contagion (NMEC) demonstrating how basic automatic mimicry can give rise to emotional contagion...
May 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505600/god-imagery-and-affective-outcomes-in-a-spiritually-integrative-inpatient-program
#14
Joseph M Currier, Joshua D Foster, Alexis D Abernethy, Charlotte V O Witvliet, Lindsey M Root Luna, Katharine M Putman, Sarah A Schnitker, Karl VanHarn, Janet Carter
Religion and/or spirituality (R/S) can play a vital, multifaceted role in mental health. While beliefs about God represent the core of many psychiatric patients' meaning systems, research has not examined how internalized images of the divine might contribute to outcomes in treatment programs/settings that emphasize multicultural sensitivity with R/S. Drawing on a combination of qualitative and quantitative information with a religiously heterogeneous sample of 241 adults who completed a spiritually integrative inpatient program over a two-year period, this study tested direct/indirect associations between imagery of how God views oneself, religious comforts and strains, and affective outcomes (positive and negative)...
May 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504541/interpersonal-pathoplasticity-and-trajectories-of-change-in-routine-adolescent-and-young-adult-residential-substance-abuse-treatment
#15
James F Boswell, Nicole M Cain, Jennifer M Oswald, Andrew A McAleavey, Robert Adelman
BACKGROUND: Partnerships between mental health care stakeholders provide a context for generalizable clinical research with implications for quality improvement. In the context of a partnership between an adolescent residential substance abuse disorder (SUD) treatment center and clinical researchers, stakeholders identified knowledge gaps (internal and the field broadly) with regard to patient interpersonal factors that influence working alliance and acute SUD residential treatment outcome trajectories...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503975/body-image-after-heart-transplantation-compared-to-mechanical-aortic-valve-insertion
#16
Armin Hartmann, Claudia Heilmann, Josefine Kaps, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Wolfgang Zeh, Wolfgang Albert, Michael Wirsching, Kurt Fritzsche, Andreas Joos
OBJECTIVE: Heart transplantation (HT) obviously affects body image and integrity. However, there are very few empirical data post-transplant. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 57 HT patients were compared with 47 subjects with mechanical aortic valve replacement (AVR) using the Dresden-Body-Image questionnaire (DKB) and specific questions regarding integration of the organ/device. In addition, affective symptoms and quality of life (QoL) were assessed (12-Item Short-Form Health Survey and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS)...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502249/psychiatric-mental-health-nursing-advanced-practice-workforce-capacity-to-address-shortages-of-mental-health-professionals
#17
Kathleen R Delaney
There is a recognized shortage of mental health professionals licensed to provide the full scope of mental health services, including assessment, diagnosis, and prescribing. Psychiatric mental health advanced practice nurses (PMH APNs) have the education and licensure to provide these services, address provider shortages and increase access to services. Unfortunately, federal reports and mental health workforce studies inaccurately depict important characteristics of PMH APNs, particularly their scope of practice, a situation that creates misunderstanding and impedes workforce planning...
May 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502244/evaluating-the-implementation-of-integrated-mental-health-care-a-systematic-review-to-guide-the-development-of-quality-measures
#18
Nadiya Sunderji, Allyson Ion, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Amanda Abate
OBJECTIVE: Although the effectiveness of integrated mental health care has been demonstrated, its implementation in real-world settings is highly variable, may not conform to evidence-based practice, and has rarely been evaluated. Quality indicators can guide improvements in integrated care implementation. However, the literature on indicators for this purpose is limited. This article reports findings from a systematic review of existing measures by which to evaluate integrated care models in primary care settings...
May 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501230/integrative-medicine-and-mood-emotions-and-mental-health
#19
REVIEW
Anuj K Shah, Roman Becicka, Mary R Talen, Deborah Edberg, Sreela Namboodiri
An integrative approach to individuals with mood, emotional or mental health concerns involves a comprehensive model of care that is person-centered. Integrative medicine builds on a patient's personal meaning and goals (spiritual aspects) and includes herbal therapies, nutritional support, movement and physical manipulative therapies, mindfulness, relaxation strategies, and psychotherapies.
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500631/exploring-the-value-of-mental-health-nurses-working-in-primary-care-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#20
Kristina McLeod, Alan Simpson
BACKGROUND: General practice is typically the first point of access to healthcare. However, emerging models of providing mental health services in primary care are poorly understood. AIMS: To explore what value a Primary Care Liaison Nurse (PCLN) service, established in 2011, can bring to people with mental health problems in primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Ten interviews with seven general practitioners and three senior practitioners working in primary care mental health services...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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