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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915237/placental-morphology-in-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#1
Marlene Tai, Anna Piskorski, Jennifer C W Kao, Lynn A Hess, Suzanne M de la Monte, Füsun Gündoğan
AIMS: Maternal alcohol drinking adversely affects pregnancy outcome. Although fetal health and development are highly dependent upon the integrity of placentation, little is known about placental morphology following gestational exposure to alcohol in humans. METHODS: In this clinical study, subjects were recruited between 2010 and 2013 from an outpatient substance abuse and mental health treatment center for women. Data collected included maternal age, substance abuse history, comorbidities, pregnancy outcomes, gestational age at delivery, birth weight and placental weight...
December 3, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913580/responding-to-challenges-for-people-with-psychotic-illness-updated-evidence-from-the-survey-of-high-impact-psychosis
#2
REVIEW
Vera A Morgan, Anna Waterreus, Vaughan Carr, David Castle, Martin Cohen, Carol Harvey, Cherrie Galletly, Andrew Mackinnon, Patrick McGorry, John J McGrath, Amanda L Neil, Suzy Saw, Johanna C Badcock, Debra L Foley, Geoff Waghorn, Sarah Coker, Assen Jablensky
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to summarise recent findings from the 2010 Australian Survey of High Impact Psychosis (SHIP) and examine their implications for future policy and planning to improve mental health, physical health and other circumstances of people with a psychotic disorder. METHODS: Survey of High Impact Psychosis collected nationally representative data on 1825 people with psychotic illness. Over 60 papers have been published covering key challenges reported by participants: financial problems, loneliness and social isolation, unemployment, poor physical health, uncontrolled symptoms of mental illness, and lack of stable, suitable housing...
December 1, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911240/an-improvement-program-as-a-way-to-intensify-inter-professional-collaboration-in-the-community-for-people-with-mental-disabilities-a-follow-up
#3
Ann-Christin Janlöv, Ingrid Ainalem, Ann-Christine Andersson, Agneta Berg
The aim of the study was to follow up inter-professional experiences of improvement work one year after a completed CII improvement program aiming at improve health care and social services for people with mental disabilities living in ordinary housing. This study was performed with a qualitative descriptive approach which employed six focus group interviews followed by a thematic analysis. The results revealed four themes; Self-awareness and insights; Behavior and actions in daily practice; Organizational cultures and subcultures; and Organizational practices, using Ken Wilbers' integral theory of four quadrants of realities as a holistic frame in the discussion...
December 2, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909877/association-between-mental-health-staffing-level-and-primary-care-mental-health-integration-level-on-provision-of-depression-care-in-veteran-s-affairs-medical-facilities
#4
Denise C Cooper, Christian D Helfrich, Stephen M Thielke, Ranak B Trivedi, Karin M Nelson, Gayle E Reiber, Evercita C Eugenio, Kristine Beaver, Julie Nugent-Carney, Vincent S Fan
We examined the association of mental health staffing and the utilization of primary care/mental health integration (PCMHI) with facility-level variations in adequacy of psychotherapy and antidepressants received by Veterans with new, recurrent, and chronic depression. Greater likelihood of adequate psychotherapy was associated with increased (1) PCMHI utilization by recurrent depression patients (AOR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00, 1.03); and (2) staffing for recurrent (AOR 1.03; 95% CI 1.01, 1.06) and chronic (AOR 1.02; 95% CI 1...
December 1, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909364/physiotherapy-students-attitudes-toward-psychiatry-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: A cross-sectional exploration of Notre Dame Australia physiotherapy students' attitudes toward psychiatry and mental illness, students' perceptions regarding preparation in this area for general clinical practice, and a cross-sectional investigation of current mental health-and psychiatry-related content in physiotherapy curricula across Australia and New Zealand. Methods: A questionnaire including demographic details, level of exposure to mental illness, and the Attitudes Toward Psychiatry-30 items (ATP-30) was completed by pre-clinical and clinically experienced physiotherapy students from the University of Notre Dame Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905826/gamification-in-healthcare-perspectives-of-mental-health-service-users-and-health-professionals
#6
Hanna Hopia, Katja Raitio
The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study is to explore the perceptions and experiences that mental health service users (n = 10) and healthcare professionals (n = 32) have regarding the use of gamification in mental health care. Data was gathered by interviews. The mental health service users described promoting and retarding factors in the use of gamification, while professionals described the requirements for using gamification and changes occurring in the work culture. Additional research is needed on how game-playing elements could be integrated as a systematic part of mental health practice and how the digital skills of professionals could be effectively developed...
December 1, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903142/systematic-literature-review-of-general-health-care-interventions-within-programs-of-assertive-community-treatment
#7
Erik R Vanderlip, Benjamin F Henwood, Debra R Hrouda, Piper S Meyer, Maria Monroe-DeVita, Lynette M Studer, April J Schweikhard, Lorna L Moser
OBJECTIVE: Assertive community treatment (ACT) is one of the few evidence-based practices for adults with severe mental illness. Interest has slowly waned for ACT implementation. Yet ACT remains an appealing services platform to achieve the triple aim of health care reform (improved health outcomes, reduced cost, and improved satisfaction) through integration of primary care and behavioral health services. This review highlights the evidence for ACT to improve general medical outcomes, reduce treatment costs, and increase access to treatment...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903138/partnerships-between-health-care-and-legal-providers-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#8
Jack Tsai, Margaret Middleton, Randye Retkin, Cindy Johnson, Kevin Kenneally, Scott Sherman, Robert A Rosenheck
Medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) represent an innovative service model in which lawyers are integrated into health care teams to address diverse legal problems that affect vulnerable populations. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) operates the largest safety-net health care system in the country and serves many low-income and disabled veterans who could benefit from MLP services. In this column, the authors describe the development and operations of MLPs at four VHA medical centers that serve veterans who are homeless or who have serious mental illness...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897965/factors-associated-with-substance-use-in-older-homeless-adults-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#9
Matthew A Spinelli, Claudia Ponath, Lina Tieu, Emily E Hurstak, David Guzman, Margot Kushel
BACKGROUND: The median age of the single adult homeless population is 50 and rising. While the prevalence of substance use decreases as individuals age, older adults now have a higher prevalence of substance use than older adults did ten years ago. Homeless individuals have a higher prevalence of substance use disorders than the general population. However, little is known about substance use in older homeless adults. METHODS: We examined prevalence of and factors associated with substance use in a population-based sample (n = 350) of homeless individuals aged 50 and older in Oakland, CA...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894466/relationships-between-adult-emotional-states-and-indicators-of-health-care-utilization-findings-from-the-national-health-interview-survey-2006-2014
#10
Judith D Weissman, David Russell, Jeannette Beasley, Melanie Jay, Dolores Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: Adults with serious psychological distress have a high likelihood of mental health problems severe enough to cause serious impairment in social and occupational functioning requiring treatment. These adults visit doctors frequently yet have poor health compared to adults without serious psychological distress. This study examined associations between emotional states of serious psychological distress in relationship to healthcare utilization indicators. A guiding hypothesis was that somatization underlying emotional states contributes to excessive healthcare seeking among adults with serious psychological distress...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893266/assessing-civilian-perceptions-of-combat-veterans-an-iat-study
#11
Cade Schreger, Matthew Kimble
Objective: Evidence suggests that civilians may have considerable ambivalence to returning veterans. While civilians are frequently grateful for the service of military personnel, they can often be wary of the mental health and stability of returning veterans. If civilians do hold such negative biases toward veterans, whether implicit or explicit, this may have a significant impact on the ability of military personnel to integrate back into society. The goal of the study was to test whether participants held an implicit bias of mental instability toward veterans...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893262/reducing-barriers-to-mental-health-care-for-student-athletes-an-integrated-care-model
#12
Laura E Sudano, Greg Collins, Christopher M Miles
Research suggests that National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I student-athletes have higher levels of stress and other behavioral health issues, including substance use, than nonathletes. For several reasons, student-athletes may be less likely to admit to behavioral health issues and seek mental health care. Integrated care is a model of care that integrates behavioral health into a medical practice. This article explores the newly released NCAA Best Mental Health Practice guidelines and the application of integrated care to a Division I athletic training room setting using the three-worldview framework for successful integration, incorporating clinical outcomes, operational reliability, and financial stability...
November 28, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893261/implementation-of-behavioral-health-interventions-in-real-world-scenarios-managing-complex-change
#13
Khaya D Clark, Benjamin F Miller, Larry A Green, Frank V de Gruy, Melinda Davis, Deborah J Cohen
Introduction: A practice embarks on a radical reformulation of how care is designed and delivered when it decides to integrate medical and behavioral health care for its patients and success depends on managing complex change in a complex system. We examined the ways change is managed when integrating behavioral health and medical care. Method: Observational cross-case comparative study of 19 primary care and community mental health practices. We collected mixed methods data through practice surveys, observation, and semistructured interviews...
November 28, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889237/universal-prevention-of-eating-disorders-a-concept-analysis
#14
Michael P Levine
The definition of universal prevention is important for theoretical, research, and policy-related reasons. The present article provides an etymological and historical look at the concept of universal prevention, in and of itself and in terms of its position on the mental health intervention spectrum involving mental health promotion, selective prevention, indicated prevention, case identification, and treatment. Following a summary of the features commonly associated with universal prevention, these characteristics are fashioned into a family resemblance model for defining the construct...
October 27, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888969/smoking-behaviors-and-medical-co-morbidities-in-patients-with-mental-illnesses
#15
Peggy El-Mallakh, Danielle McPeak, Milan Khara, Chizimuzo T Okoli
Correlations among smoking behaviors and co-morbid medical illnesses were examined among 982 smokers with mental illnesses enrolled in a smoking cessation program within Mental Health and Addictions Services in Vancouver, Canada. Significant correlates among individuals with psychotic disorders included associations between a history of emphysema/chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD) disease and cigarettes smoked per day (r's=.35, p≤.01), Confidence in quitting (r's=-.33, p≤.01), and nicotine dependence (r's=...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885750/they-re-nice-and-neat-but-are-they-useful-a-grounded-theory-of-clinical-psychologists-beliefs-about-and-use-of-nice-guidelines
#16
Alex John Court, Anne Cooke, Amanda Scrivener
Guidelines are ubiquitous but inconsistently used in UK mental health services. Clinical psychologists are often influential in guideline development and implementation, but opinion within the profession is divided. This study utilized grounded theory methodology to examine clinical psychologists' beliefs about and use of NICE guidelines. Eleven clinical psychologists working in the NHS were interviewed. The overall emerging theme was; NICE guidelines are considered to have benefits but to be fraught with dangers...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884181/prevalence-type-and-correlates-of-trauma-exposure-among-adolescent-men-and-women-in-soweto-south-africa-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#17
Kalysha Closson, Janan Janine Dietrich, Busi Nkala, Addy Musuku, Zishan Cui, Jason Chia, Glenda Gray, Nathan J Lachowsky, Robert S Hogg, Cari L Miller, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Youth trauma exposure is associated with syndemic HIV risk. We measured lifetime prevalence, type, and correlates of trauma experience by gender among adolescents living in the HIV hyper-endemic setting of Soweto, South Africa. METHODS: Using data from the Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Survey (BBAHS), prevalence of "ever" experiencing a traumatic event among adolescents (aged 14-19) was assessed using a modified Traumatic Event Screening Inventory-Child (TESI-C) scale (19 items, study alpha = 0...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884132/healthy-and-productive-workers-using-intervention-mapping-to-design-a-workplace-health-promotion-and-wellness-program-to-improve-presenteeism
#18
Carlo Ammendolia, Pierre Côté, Carol Cancelliere, J David Cassidy, Jan Hartvigsen, Eleanor Boyle, Sophie Soklaridis, Paula Stern, Benjamin Amick
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism is a growing problem in developed countries mostly due to an aging workforce. The economic costs related to presenteeism exceed those of absenteeism and employer health costs. Employers are implementing workplace health promotion and wellness programs to improve health among workers and reduce presenteeism. How best to design, integrate and deliver these programs are unknown. The main purpose of this study was to use an intervention mapping approach to develop a workplace health promotion and wellness program aimed at reducing presenteeism...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881697/adult-day-services-outcomes-delphi-review-of-an-integrated-participant-assessment-system
#19
Shannon Jarrott, Aaron M Ogletree
Adult day services (ADS) aim to help elders age in place, but evidence of impact on participants lags behind caregiver research. To play a larger role in the continuum of care, ADS participant outcomes should regularly be documented with standard measures. We conducted a Delphi review of one integrated participant assessment system. Capturing physical, mental, and cognitive health indicators and activity engagement of typical ADS participants (i.e., frail elders eligible for nursing home placement), experts evaluated the system on instrument validity, relevance, and application...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881159/identifying-profiles-of-service-users-in-housing-services-and-exploring-their-quality-of-life-and-care-needs
#20
Neis A Bitter, Diana P K Roeg, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen, Jaap van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: Housing services aim to support people with mental illness in their daily life and recovery. As the level of recovery differs between service users, the quality of life and care needs also might vary. However, the type and amount of care and support that service users receive do not always match their recovery. In order to improve the quality of care, this study aims to explore whether subgroups of service users exist based on three dimensions of recovery and to examine and compare the quality of life and care needs of the persons in these subgroups...
November 23, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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