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Integrative mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684795/screening-for-postpartum-anxiety-a-quality-improvement-project-to-promote-the-screening-of-women-suffering-in-silence
#1
Sarah Toler, Susan Stapleton, Kim Kertsburg, Tiffany J Callahan, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety is a mental health problem that has largely been ignored by maternity care providers despite an estimated incidence as high as 28.9%. Though postpartum anxiety may or may not be accompanied by depression, and while screening for postpartum depression has become more common place, postpartum anxiety is often not assessed or addressed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot quality improvement project was to implement a screening, treatment and referral program for postpartum anxiety in the birth centre environment...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684289/lonely-young-adults-in-modern-britain-findings-from-an-epidemiological-cohort-study
#2
Timothy Matthews, Andrea Danese, Avshalom Caspi, Helen L Fisher, Sidra Goldman-Mellor, Agnieszka Kepa, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Louise Arseneault
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to build a detailed, integrative profile of the correlates of young adults' feelings of loneliness, in terms of their current health and functioning and their childhood experiences and circumstances. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, a birth cohort of 2232 individuals born in England and Wales in 1994 and 1995. Loneliness was measured when participants were aged 18. Regression analyses were used to test concurrent associations between loneliness and health and functioning in young adulthood...
April 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683382/public-health-system-delivered-mental-health-preventive-care-links-to-significant-reduction-of-health-care-costs
#3
Jie Chen, Priscilla Novak, Howard Goldman
The objective was to estimate the association between health care expenditures and implementation of preventive mental health programs by local health departments (LHDs). Multilevel nationally representative data sets were linked to test the hypothesis that LHDs' provision of preventive mental health programs was associated with cost savings. A generalized linear model with log link and gamma distribution and state-fixed effects was used to estimate the association between LHDs' mental illness prevention services and total health care expenditures per person per year for adults aged 18 years and older...
April 23, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681793/autonomic-and-brain-morphological-predictors-of-stress-resilience
#4
REVIEW
Luca Carnevali, Julian Koenig, Andrea Sgoifo, Cristina Ottaviani
Stressful life events are an important cause of psychopathology. Humans exposed to aversive or stressful experiences show considerable inter-individual heterogeneity in their responses. However, the majority does not develop stress-related psychiatric disorders. The dynamic processes encompassing positive and functional adaptation in the face of significant adversity have been broadly defined as resilience . Traditionally, the assessment of resilience has been confined to self-report measures, both within the general community and putative high-risk populations...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680329/dual-diagnosis-of-mental-illness-and-substance-use-disorder-and-injury-in-adults-recently-released-from-prison-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Jesse T Young, Ed Heffernan, Rohan Borschmann, James R P Ogloff, Matthew J Spittal, Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, David B Preen, Amanda Butler, Lisa Brophy, Julia Crilly, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: People with mental illness and substance use disorder are over-represented in prisons. Injury-related mortality is elevated in people released from prison, and both mental illness and substance use disorder are risk factors for injury. Effective care coordination during the transition between criminal justice and community service providers improves health outcomes for people released from prison. However, the health outcomes and support needs of people with dual diagnosis (co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorder) released from prison are poorly understood...
April 17, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680319/comrade-a-randomized-trial-of-an-individually-tailored-integrated-care-intervention-for-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-with-depression-and-or-distress-in-the-rural-southeastern-us
#6
Lesley D Lutes, Doyle M Cummings, Kerry Littlewood, Chelsey Solar, Marissa Carraway, Kari Kirian, Shivajirao Patil, Alyssa Adams, Stefanie Ciszewski, Bertha Hambidge
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that people living with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) are also at greater risk for depression and distress. If left untreated, these comorbid mental health concerns can have long-lasting impacts on medical and physical health outcomes. DESIGN: This prospective trial randomized rural men and women with uncontrolled T2D (HbA1c ≥ 7.0) who screened positive for co-morbid depressive (PHQ-2 > 3) or distress (DDS-2 > 3) symptoms in a primary medical care setting to receive either: 1) 16 sessions of cognitive and/or behavioral intervention tailored to symptom severity across 12 months along with routine medical care, or 2) usual primary care...
April 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680185/a-dual-process-perspective-on-advances-in-cognitive-science-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Kristen P Lindgren, Christian S Hendershot, Jason J Ramirez, Edward Bernat, Mauricio Rangel-Gomez, Kirsten P Peterson, James G Murphy
There is a tremendous global and national (US) burden associated with alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Further, of the mental health disorders, AUD has the widest treatment gap. Thus, there is a critical need for improved understanding of the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of AUD. The application of cognitive science to the study of AUD has a longstanding history of attempting to meet this need. In this selective review, we identified and focused on four domains of recent (i.e., in the last decade) applications of cognitive science to the study of AUD: implicit cognitive biases, executive function, behavioral economic approaches to alcohol decision making, and functional connectivity neuroimaging...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678193/treating-prolonged-grief-disorder-with-prolonged-grief-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Rita Rosner, Eline Rimane, Anna Vogel, Jörn Rau, Maria Hagl
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) has emerged as a well-defined and relatively common mental disorder that will be included in the upcoming revision of the International Classification of Diseases. Recent trials with grief-specific, mostly cognitive behavioral interventions for patients with a clinically relevant diagnosis of PGD showed large effect sizes. However, a small trial suggested that non-specific behavioral activation might suffice to improve PGD. So, more evidence for the relative efficacy of grief-specific treatments is needed, as is more research on the predictors of treatment success...
April 20, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678014/modelling-levels-of-collaboration-among-health-and-social-care-professionals-in-the-management-of-a-mental-health-plan
#9
Daniela Luzi, Fabrizio Pecoraro, Oscar Tamburis
Professional collaboration among health and social care providers is considered an essential pattern to improve the integration of care. This is particularly important considering the planning activities for children with complex conditions. In this paper the level of collaboration among professionals in the development and implementation of the personalized plan in the mental health domain is analysed across 30 EU/EEA countries within the MOCHA project.
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677100/from-community-to-meta-community-mental-health-care
#10
REVIEW
Nick Bouras, George Ikkos, Thomas Craig
Since the 1960s, we have witnessed the development and growth of community mental health care that continues to dominate mental health policy and practice. Several high-income countries have implemented community mental health care programmes but for many others, including mostly low- and middle-income countries, it remains an aspiration. Although community mental health care has been positive for many service users, it has also had severe shortcomings. Expectations that it would lead to fuller social integration have not been fulfilled and many service users remain secluded in sheltered or custodial environments with limited social contacts and no prospect of work...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677034/functional-somatic-symptoms-across-cultures-perceptual-and-health-care-issues
#11
Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, revealed that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex...
April 19, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#12
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673268/integration-of-pediatric-behavioral-health-services-in-primary-care-improving-access-and-outcomes-with-collaborative-care
#13
John V Campo, Rose Geist, David J Kolko
OBJECTIVE: To examine collaborative care interventions to integrate pediatric mental health services into primary care as a means of addressing barriers to mental health service delivery, improving access to care, and improving health outcomes. METHOD: Selective review of published literature addressing structural and attitudinal barriers to behavioural health service delivery and the integration of behavioural health services for pediatric mental problems and disorders into primary care settings, with a special focus on Canadian and U...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673253/depression-poverty-and-abuse-experience-in-suicide-ideation-among-older-koreans
#14
Shin-Young Lee, Madhu Sudhan Atteraya
We examined to what extent the depression, poverty, and elder abuse experience affect suicide ideation among older Koreans. The data from the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons were used. A sample of 10,279 members was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis revealed that younger old (65-69 years) were more likely to have suicide ideation that oldest old (80 years and older). After including all predicting variables such as depression, poverty, and abuse experience, results showed that depression, poverty, and abuse experience remained predictors for suicide ideation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673231/mapping-european-welfare-models-state-of-the-art-of-strategies-for-professional-integration-and-reintegration-of-persons-with-chronic-diseases
#15
Chiara Scaratti, Matilde Leonardi, Fabiola Silvaggi, Carolina C Ávila, Amalia Muñoz-Murillo, Panayiota Stavroussi, Olga Roka, Helena Burger, Klemens Fheodoroff, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Carla Sabariego, Eva Esteban, Sonja Gruber, Olga Svestkova, Rune Halvorsen, Asel Kadyrbaeva, Sabrina Ferraina
Background: Persons with chronic diseases (PwCDs) often experience work-related problems, and innovative actions to improve their participation in the labor market are needed. In the frame of the European (EU) Pathways Project, the aim of the study is to compare existing strategies (policies, systems, and services) for professional (re-)integration of PwCDs and mental health conditions available at both European and national level between different European welfare models: Scandinavian, Continental, Anglo-Saxon, Mediterranean, and “Post-Communist”...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671155/integration-of-peer-philosophy-into-a-standardized-self-management-mobile-health-intervention
#16
Karen L Fortuna, Marianne Storm, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Stephen J Bartels
Description of certified peer specialists integration of peer philosophy into the delivery of a self-management intervention enhanced with mobile health. Qualitative examination of peer case notes that were routinely entered on a peer care management electronic dashboard. This study included consumers with serious mental illness (N = 8) with a mean age of 68.8 years (SD = 4.9). Certified peer specialists (N = 3) were all female and aged 55 years or older. Peers entered 146 case notes on the peer care management notes dashboard...
April 19, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668144/-majority-in-asylum-seekers-and-unaccompanied-minors-practical-aspects-for-an-effective-inter-professional-approach
#17
Thomas Pernin, Dagmar M Haller, Anne Meynard, Françoise Narring
An unaccompanied minor is a young person under 18 years of age separated from both parents and who is not cared for by an adult invested of this responsability by law or the custom. Their number has increased in Switzerland in 2015, prompting medical and social professionals to adapt their care to respond more appropriately to their needs. Specific elements of an initial health check for these young people, transcultural skills and a good knowledge of the network are necessary to provide optimal management...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667086/contrast-enhancement-predicting-survival-in-integrated-molecular-subtypes-of-diffuse-glioma-an-observational-cohort-study
#18
Johann-Martin Hempel, Cornelia Brendle, Benjamin Bender, Georg Bier, Marco Skardelly, Irina Gepfner-Tuma, Franziska Eckert, Ulrike Ernemann, Jens Schittenhelm
INTRODUCTION: To assess the predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) gadolinium enhancement as a prognostic factor in the 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System integrated glioma groups. METHODS: Four-hundred fifty patients with histopathologically confirmed glioma were retrospectively assessed between 07/1997 and 06/2014 using gadolinium enhancement, survival, and relevant prognostic molecular data [isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH); alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked (ATRX); chromosome 1p/19q loss of heterozygosity; and O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT)]...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663828/effect-of-participation-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-integrated-palliative-care-intervention-on-hiv-associated-stigma
#19
Keira Lowther, Richard Harding, Victoria Simms, Nancy Gikaara, Aabid Ahmed, Zipporah Ali, Hellen Kariuki, Lorraine Sherr, Irene J Higginson, Lucy Selman
We conducted in Kenya a mixed-methods randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a nurse-led palliative care intervention integrated with anti-retroviral therapy (ART) provision for the management of HIV. Here we report qualitative findings showing increased resistance to HIV-associated stigma among trial participants. A mixed method design was chosen to enable identification of the active ingredients of the intervention and exploration of participants' experiences of receiving the intervention. The RCT was conducted from July 2011 to November 2012 in a community hospital in the city of Mombasa, Kenya, with a sample of 120 adults with HIV on ART...
April 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663658/understanding-consumers-initial-expectations-of-community-based-residential-mental-health-rehabilitation-in-the-context-of-past-experiences-of-care-a-mixed-methods-pragmatic-grounded-theory-analysis
#20
Stephen Parker, Carla Meurk, Ellie Newman, Clayton Fletcher, Isabella Swinson, Frances Dark
This study explores how consumers expect community-based residential mental health rehabilitation to compare with previous experiences of care. Understanding what consumers hope to receive from mental health services, and listening to their perspectives about what has and has not worked in previous care settings, may illuminate pathways to improved service engagement and outcomes. A mixed-methods research design taking a pragmatic approach to grounded theory guided the analysis of 24 semi-structured interviews with consumers on commencement at three Community Care Units (CCUs) in Australia...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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