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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913711/breadmaking-performance-and-textural-changes-during-storage-of-composite-breads-made-from-spelt-wheat-and-different-forms-of-amaranth-grain
#1
Bojana Filipčev, Marija Bodroža-Solarov, Mladenka Pestorić, Olivera Šimurina
The objectives of the present study were to assess the baking properties of composite spelt wheat-amaranth blends and to study the staling of composite breads during a six-day storage. Different forms of amaranth grains were added to spelt bread formulation: native amaranth flour and flour from popped amaranth, including their scalded and non-scalded variants. Native amaranth flour (both scalded and non-scalded) gave loaves with the highest volume and contributed to significantly softer crumb but not in comparison to the control bread...
December 2, 2016: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904393/the-production-of-synbiotic-bread-by-microencapsulation
#2
Mojan Seyedain-Ardabili, Anousheh Sharifan, Babak Ghiassi Tarzi
Bread is a global staple food. Despite attempts to develop functional breads containing viable microorganisms, this has not been done yet because of the high temperature during baking. The aim of this study is to obtain synbiotic bread, hence hamburger bun and white pan bread were selected. Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 and L. casei 431 were encapsulated with calcium alginate and Hi-maize resistant starch via emulsion technique and coated with chitosan. The morphology and size of microcapsules were measured by scanning electron microscopy and particle size analyser...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886653/waffle-production-influence-of-baking-plate-material-on-sticking-of-waffles
#3
Regina Huber, Georg Kalss, Regine Schoenlechner
Background of this study was to understand the factors that contribute to sticking of fresh egg waffles on baking plates. The aim of this study was to investigate the sticking (adhesion) behavior of waffles on 4 different baking plate materials (ductile iron, grey iron, low alloyed steel, and steel with titanium nitrite coating) at different baking parameters (temperature and time) and application of 3 different release agents (different fat compositions). Baking plates from ductile and grey iron showed lower release properties of waffles than the 2 steel baking plates...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885555/meat-intake-cooking-methods-and-doneness-and-risk-of-colorectal-tumours-in-the-spanish-multicase-control-study-mcc-spain
#4
Jordi de Batlle, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Dora Romaguera, Michelle Mendez, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Vicente Martín, Núria Aragonés, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Marcela Guevara, Mikel Azpiri, Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Jose Andrés Lorca, José María Huerta, Victor Moreno, Elena Boldo, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Jesús Castilla, Tania Fernández-Villa, Juan Pablo Barrio, Montserrat Andreu, Antoni Castells, Trinidad Dierssen, Jone M Altzibar, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Pilar Amiano
PURPOSE: Although there is convincing evidence that red and processed meat intake increases the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), the potential role of meat cooking practices has not been established yet and could partly explain the current heterogeneity of results among studies. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between meat consumption and cooking practices and the risk of CRC in a population-based case-control study. METHODS: A total of 1671 CRC cases and 3095 controls recruited in Spain between September 2008 and December 2013 completing a food frequency questionnaire with a meat-specific module were included in the analyses...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874287/impact-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-metabolites-produced-during-fermentation-on-bread-quality-parameters-a-review
#5
Mareile Heitmann, Emanuele Zannini, Elke Arendt
Although bread making with the use of Baker's yeast has a long tradition in human history, little attention has been paid to the connection between yeast addition and the final bread quality. Nowadays, bakers mainly use different flour additives such as enzymes (amylases, hemicellulases, and proteases) to change and improve dough properties and/or bread quality. Another strategy is the use of modified industrial Baker's yeast. To date, there is no yeast strain used in the baking industry, which is genetically modified, despite some studies demonstrating that the application of recombinant DNA technology is a possibility for improved strains suitable for baking...
November 22, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869125/direct-comparison-of-gluco-oligosaccharide-oxidase-variants-and-glucose-oxidase-substrate-range-and-h2o2-stability
#6
Thu V Vuong, Maryam Foumani, Benjamin MacCormick, Rachel Kwan, Emma R Master
Glucose oxidase (GO) activity is generally restricted to glucose and is susceptible to inactivation by H2O2. By comparison, the Y300A variant of gluco-oligosaccharide oxidase (GOOX) from Sarocladium strictum showed broader substrate range and higher H2O2 stability. Specifically, Y300A exhibited up to 40 times higher activity on all tested sugars except glucose, compared to GO. Moreover, fusion of the Y300A variant to a family 22 carbohydrate binding module from Clostridium thermocellum (CtCBM22A) nearly doubled its catalytic efficiency on glucose, while retaining significant activity on oligosaccharides...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866369/fate-of-deoxynivalenol-and-deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside-during-cereal-based-thermal-food-processing-a-review-study
#7
REVIEW
Qinghua Wu, Kamil Kuča, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Blanka Klímová, Benedikt Cramer
Deoxynivalenol (DON), the most commonly occurring trichothecene in nature, may affect animal and human health through causing diarrhea, vomiting, gastrointestinal inflammation, and immunomodulation. DON-3-glucoside (DON-3G) as a major plant metabolite of the mycotoxin is another "emerging" food safety issue in recent years. Humans may experience potential health risks by consuming DON-contaminated food products. Thus, it is crucial for human and animal health to study also the degradation of DON and DON-3G during thermal food processing...
November 20, 2016: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859365/content-of-cadmium-and-lead-in-raw-fried-and-baked-commercial-frozen-fishery-products-consumed-in-poland
#8
Anna Winiarska-Mieczan, Eugeniusz R Grela
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to verify whether the consumption of frozen fishery products was safe in terms of Cd and Pb content. The study material was 31 frozen fishery products (15 breaded products and 16 fillets). Immediately before the analyses the products were subject to culinary treatment according to the recommendations of the producer: fried in colza oil or baked in a gas oven. The level of Cd and Pb was determined using the GF AAS method. RESULTS: The analysed frozen products contained on average 14...
November 12, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853100/evaluation-of-cii-gene-mutation-in-the-brains-of-big-blue-mice-exposed-to-acrylamide-and-glycidamide-in-drinking-water
#9
Hai-Fang Li, Sharon D Shelton, Todd A Townsend, Nan Mei, Mugimane G Manjanatha
Potential health risks for humans from dietary exposure to acrylamide (AA) and its reactive epoxide metabolite, glycidamide (GA), exist because substantial amounts of AA are found in a variety of fried and baked starchy foods. AA is tumorigenic in rodents, and a large number of studies indicate that AA is genotoxic in multiple organs of mice and rats. Although AA is neurotoxic, there are no reports on AA-induced gene mutations in the mouse brain. Therefore, to investigate if gene mutation can be induced by AA or its metabolite GA, we screened brains for cII mutant frequency (MF) and scored for mutation types in previously treated male and female Big Blue mice with 0, 1...
2016: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852110/similar-mediterranean-diet-adherence-but-greater-central-adiposity-is-observed-among-greek-diaspora-adolescents-living-in-istanbul-compared-to-athens
#10
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Maria I Maraki, Despoina Giannopoulou, Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Labros S Sidossis, Maria Tsigga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study was to compare Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence and anthropometry between Greek diaspora adolescents living in Istanbul and Greek adolescents, inhabitants of Athens. DESIGN: A total of 206 adolescents (103 from each site), aged 10.0-19.0 years old, all of Greek origin, were recruited from schools in Athens and minority schools in Istanbul, for the present case-control study. Participants at each site were age and sex-matched...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845862/bamboo-salt-suppresses-colon-carcinogenesis-in-c57bl-6-mice-with-chemically-induced-colitis
#11
Jaehyun Ju, Ga-Young Lee, Yoon-Se Kim, Hee Kyung Chang, Myoung-Sool Do, Kun-Young Park
The aim of our experiment was to evaluate the anticancer effect of bamboo salt (BS) on C57BL/6 mice in an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colon cancer model. BS, solar salt, and purified salt were evaluated for their protective effects during AOM/DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis in C57BL/6 mice. BS, especially after baking for nine separate intervals (BS9x), suppressed colon carcinogenesis in the mice. BS9x decreased colon length shortening, weight-to-length ratios, and tumor counts...
November 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834107/a-critical-review-of-the-literature-to-conduct-a-toxicity-assessment-for-oral-exposure-to-methyl-salicylate
#12
Tracy Greene, Sarah Rogers, Allison Franzen, Robinan Gentry
Methyl salicylate is the predominant constituent of oil of wintergreen and is used as a pesticide, a denaturant, an external analgesic, a fragrance ingredient, and a flavoring agent in products such as chewing gum, baked goods, syrups, candy, beverages, ice cream, and tobacco products; and it occurs naturally in some vegetables and berries. Methyl salicylate is of interest to the tobacco industry as oil of wintergreen is used as a flavorant in tobacco products. The purpose of this investigation was to conduct a critical review of the available literature for oral exposure to methyl salicylate, incorporating an analysis of the quality of the studies available and the current understanding of the mode of action...
November 11, 2016: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833843/is-frequency-of-fast-food-and-sit-down-restaurant-eating-occasions-differentially-associated-with-less-healthful-eating-habits
#13
Michael A Close, Leslie A Lytle, Anthony J Viera
Studies have shown that frequency of fast food restaurant eating and sit-down restaurant eating is differentially associated with nutrient intakes and biometric outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine whether frequency of fast food and sit-down restaurant eating occasions was differentially associated with less healthful eating habits, independent of demographic characteristics. Data were collected from participants in 2015 enrolled in a worksite nutrition intervention trial (n = 388) in North Carolina who completed self-administered questionnaires at baseline...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829542/development-of-intra-strain-self-cloning-procedure-for-breeding-baker-s-yeast-strains
#14
Youji Nakagawa, Hiroyuki Ogihara, Chisato Mochizuki, Hideki Yamamura, Yuzuru Iimura, Masayuki Hayakawa
Previously reported self-cloning procedures for breeding of industrial yeast strains require DNA from other strains, plasmid DNA, or mutagenesis. Therefore, we aimed to construct a self-cloning baker's yeast strain that exhibits freeze tolerance via an improved self-cloning procedure. We first disrupted the URA3 gene of a prototrophic baker's yeast strain without the use of any marker gene, resulting in a Δura3 homozygous disruptant. Then, the URA3 gene of the parental baker's yeast strain was used as a selection marker to introduce the constitutive TDH3 promoter upstream of the PDE2 gene encoding high-affinity cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826435/bambara-wheat-composite-flour-rheological-behavior-of-dough-and-functionality-in-bread
#15
Ochuko L Erukainure, Jane N C Okafor, Akinyele Ogunji, Happiness Ukazu, Ebele N Okafor, Ijeoma L Eboagwu
The rheological behavior and functional properties of doughs from bambara-wheat composite flour was investigated. Bambara-wheat composite flour was prepared by substituting wheat with 0%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of bambara flour. The rheological behavior of their dough was analyzed with Mixolab. Breads produced from the flour were analyzed for physical characteristics. Organoleptic analysis was carried out by 20 panelists. Mixolab analysis revealed, except for stability time, depreciating values for dough consistency (C1), protein weakening (C2), starch gelatinization (C3), amylase activity (C4), and retrogradation (C5) as the inclusion of bambara flour increased...
November 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799957/prospective-evaluation-of-testing-with-baked-milk-to-predict-safe-ingestion-of-baked-milk-in-unheated-milk-allergic-children
#16
Allison Kwan, Maria Asper, Sasson Lavi, Elana Lavine, David Hummel, Julia E Upton
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk allergy is one of the most common food allergies affecting young children. A subset of milk-allergic individuals can eat baked milk without allergic symptoms which is beneficial in terms of prognostication and liberalization of the diet. A retrospective study suggested that skin prick testing (SPT) with a baked milk (muffin) slurry may provide a sensitive means of predicting the outcome of a medically supervised baked milk oral food challenge. We evaluated the predictive value of SPT with baked milk to identify unheated milk-allergic children who are able to safely eat baked milk...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798074/stability-of-tetrahydrocannabinol-and-cannabidiol-in-prepared-quality-control-medible-brownies
#17
Carl E Wolf, Justin L Poklis, Alphonse Poklis
The legalization of marijuana in the USA for both medicinal and recreational use has increased in the past few years. Currently, 24 states have legalized marijuana for medicinal use. The US Drug Enforcement Administration has classified marijuana as a Schedule I substance. The US Food and Drug Administration does not regulate formulations or packages of marijuana that are currently marketed in states that have legalized marijuana. Marijuana edibles or "medibles" are typically packages of candies and baked goods consumed for medicinal as well as recreational marijuana use...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796431/breeding-progress-environmental-variation-and-correlation-of-winter-wheat-yield-and-quality-traits-in-german-official-variety-trials-and-on-farm-during-1983-2014
#18
Friedrich Laidig, Hans-Peter Piepho, Dirk Rentel, Thomas Drobek, Uwe Meyer, Alexandra Huesken
Over the last 32 years, a large gain in grain yield (24 %) was achieved in official German variety trials, and despite considerable loss in protein concentration (-7.9 %), winter wheat baking quality was partially improved over the last 32 years. On-farm gain in grain yield (32 %) exceeded gain in trials, but at yield level about 25 dt ha (-1) lower. Breeding progress was very successfully transferred into both progress in grain yield and on-farm baking quality. Long-term gains in grain yield and baking quality of 316 winter wheat varieties from German official trials were evaluated...
October 27, 2016: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792137/determination-of-deoxynivalenol-in-the-urine-of-pregnant-women-in-the-uk
#19
Liz Wells, Laura Hardie, Courtney Williams, Kay White, Yunru Liu, Barbara De Santis, Francesca Debegnach, Georgio Moretti, Stephanie Greetham, Carlo Brera, Alan Rigby, Stephen Atkin, Thozhukat Sathyapalan
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most commonly occurring trichothecenes, produced mainly by Fusarium graminearum. Little is known about the effect of DON exposure or the levels of DON exposure that occur during pregnancy. The project aimed to provide data on levels of total DON and de-epoxi Deoxynivalenol (DOM-1) in pregnant human urine samples analysed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Morning urine samples were collected over two consecutive days from 42 volunteers and associated food consumption was recorded for the 24 h prior to the sample...
October 25, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788149/transcriptional-profiling-of-egg-allergy-and-relationship-to-disease-phenotype
#20
Roman Kosoy, Charuta Agashe, Alexander Grishin, Donald Y Leung, Robert A Wood, Scott H Sicherer, Stacie M Jones, A Wesley Burks, Wendy F Davidson, Robert W Lindblad, Peter Dawson, Miriam Merad, Brian A Kidd, Joel T Dudley, Hugh A Sampson, M Cecilia Berin
BACKGROUND: Egg allergy is one of the most common food allergies of childhood. There is a lack of information on the immunologic basis of egg allergy beyond the role of IgE. OBJECTIVE: To use transcriptional profiling as a novel approach to uncover immunologic processes associated with different phenotypes of egg allergy. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained from egg-allergic children who were defined as reactive (BER) or tolerant (BET) to baked egg, and from food allergic controls (AC) who were egg non-allergic...
2016: PloS One
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