Read by QxMD icon Read


Simone A French, Sarah A Rydell, Nathan R Mitchell, J Michael Oakes, Brian Elbel, Lisa Harnack
BACKGROUND: This research evaluated the effects of financial incentives and purchase restrictions on food purchasing in a food benefit program for low income people. METHODS: Participants (n=279) were randomized to groups: 1) Incentive- 30% financial incentive for fruits and vegetables purchased with food benefits; 2) Restriction- no purchase of sugar-sweetened beverages, sweet baked goods, or candies with food benefits; 3) Incentive plus Restriction; or 4) Control- no incentive or restrictions...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Xiaoming Chen, Christopher M Dmuchowski, Cheol Park, Catharine C Fay, Changhong Ke
The structural stability and mechanical integrity of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) in high temperature environments are of importance in pursuit of their applications that are involved with extreme thermal processing and/or working conditions, but remain not well understood. In this paper, we perform an extensive study of the impacts of high temperature exposure on the structural and mechanical properties of BNNTs with a full structural size spectrum from nano- to micro- to macro-scale by using a variety of in situ and ex situ material characterization techniques...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Kanti N Mihooliya, Jitender Nandal, Laxmi Swami, Himanshu Verma, Lipsy Chopra, Debendra K Sahoo
l-asparaginase is a pharmaceutically and industrially important enzyme as it has potential to treat different cancers and inhibit acrylamide formation in fried and baked food products. In the present study, an attempt was made to screen for new and novel l-asparaginase producers using a widely applied phenol red and bromothymol blue (BTB)(1) dye-based plate assay. Screening of four different soil samples for l-asparaginase producers resulted in the isolation of three new potential l-asparaginase producing bacteria...
December 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Min-Chul Jung, Mina K Kim, Kwang-Geun Lee
The objective of this study was to determine the reduction of 4(5)-methylimidazole (4-MI) under various baking conditions. For 4-MI analysis, an analytical method using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was developed. The developed method was validated with linearity (r(2) > 0.999), recovery (101% to 103%, 3 levels), and precision (1.5% to 4.3%, 3 levels). Limits of detection and quantification were 18.5 and 56.0 μg/kg, respectively. This method was used to monitor the level of 4-MI in 11 commercial cookies, which ranged from 71...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
T T van Sloten, P A G de Klaver, A W L van den Wall Bake
A drug interaction leading to higher exposure to cyclosporine DRUGS IMPLICATED: Cyclosporine and ticagrelor THE PATIENT: A 49-year old man with a stable renal graft, managed with cyclosporine with stable trough blood concentrations for several years, was treated with ticagrelor for unstable angina pectoris EVIDENCE THAT LINKS THE DRUG TO THE EVENT: The timeline was consistent with the appearance of an interaction, the interaction was confirmed by an increase in trough concentration of cyclosporine, and there were no alternative causes that by themselves could have caused the increase in cyclosporine exposure MANAGEMENT: Cessation of ticagrelor MECHANISM: Inhibition of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein by ticagrelor IMPLICATIONS FOR THERAPY: Clinicians should be aware of this potential interaction as ticagrelor is frequently prescribed in individuals using cyclosporine...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Mehak Katyal, Narpinder Singh, Amardeep Singh Virdi, Amritpal Kaur, Nidhi Chopra, Arvind Kumar Ahlawat, Anju Mahendru Singh
Hard wheat (HW), medium-hard wheat (MHW) and extraordinarily soft wheat (Ex-SW) varieties with grain hardness index (GHI) of 83 to 95, 72 to 80, 17 to 29 were evaluated for pasting, protein molecular weight (MW) distribution, dough rheology and baking properties. Flours from varieties with higher GHI had more protein content, ash content and paste viscosities. Ex-SW had more glutenins proportion as compared to HW and MHW. Flours from Ex-SW varieties showed lower NaSRC, WA and mixographic parameters as compared to HW and MHW...
October 2017: Food Research International
Pei Wang, Min Zou, Kexin Liu, Zhenxin Gu, Runqiang Yang
The physicochemical properties of gliadin upon mild thermal treatment were studied in terms of polymerization behavior, conformation and viscoelasticity. Gliadin samples were heated at 40, 60 and 90°C for up to 20min. Results showed that α-gliadin started to polymerize via disulfide (SS) bonds before γ-gliadin at 90°C, resulting in the extractability loss in aqueous ethanol. β-Turn and specific β-sheet structures were partially conversed to α-helices during thermal treatment. Rearrangement of non-covalent forces might contribute to viscosity loss of gliadin at 40 and 60°C...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Martina Cirlini, Teresa M Demuth, Alberto Biancardi, Michael Rychlik, Chiara Dall'Asta, Renato Bruni
A closer monitoring of tropane alkaloids (TA) in foods is now recommended by the European Commission, following a series of alerts related to the contamination of buckwheat with weeds of the genus Datura. A novel, accurate UHPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the rapid detection of scopolamine and atropine in buckwheat foods. A suitable extraction protocol was set up to maximize recoveries and detection limits in different raw, processed and baked foods. The method offers good performances in terms of sensitivity, accuracy and precision, with LOQs at 0...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Ewelina Zielińska, Barbara Baraniak, Monika Karaś
This study investigated the effect of heat treatment of edible insects on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of peptides obtained by in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and absorption process thereof. The antioxidant potential of edible insect hydrolysates was determined as free radical-scavenging activity, ion chelating activity, and reducing power, whereas the anti-inflammatory activity was expressed as lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitory activity. The highest antiradical activity against DPPH(•) (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical) was noted for a peptide fraction from baked cricket Gryllodes sigillatus hydrolysate (IC50 value 10...
September 2, 2017: Nutrients
Da-Peng Tong, Ke-Xue Zhu, Xiao-Na Guo, Wei Peng, Hui-Ming Zhou
This paper studied the inhibition of water extract of natural or baked black tea on the activity of α-amylase and α- glucosidase. Baking treatment was found to be one effective way to enhance the inhibition of black tea on both α-amylase and α- glucosidase, and IC50 of water extract of baked black tea (BBTWE) were 1.213mg/mL and 4.190mg/mL, respectively, while IC50 of water extract of black tea (BTWE) were 1.723mg/mL and 6.056mg/mL, respectively. This study further studied the mechanism of the effect of water extract on α-amylase and α- glucosidase using HPLC, circular dichroism, and synchronous fluorescence...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Christian Marquardt, Alexander Paulheim, Nils Rohbohm, Rudolf Merkel, Moritz Sokolowski
We modified an epi-illumination light microscope and mounted it on an ultra high vacuum chamber for investigating samples used in a surface science experiment. For easy access and bake out, all optical components are placed outside the vacuum and the sample is imaged through a glass window. The microscope can be operated in reflection brightfield or epifluorescence mode to image the sample surface or fluorescent dye molecules adsorbed on it. The homemade sample mounting was made compatible for the use under the microscope; sample temperatures as low as 6 K can be achieved...
August 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Johannes Hübner, Bernd Kruse, Hans-Jürgen Christen, Jürgen Weidenmann, Viktoria Weiner, Jan-Christoph Schöne-Bake, Anna Eichinger, Sabine Diedrich, Wolfgang Müller-Felber
BACKGROUND: Although poliomyelitis has almost been eradicated worldwide, cases of a polio-like disease with asymmetrical flaccid paralysis of variable severity have been seen repeatedly in recent years. METHODS: Data were collected on children treated in hospitals in the German federal states of Bavaria and Lower Saxony in 2016. The frequency of disease across Germany was estimated on the basis of voluntary reporting to the Robert Koch Institute. 16 cases were registered there for the entire year 2016...
August 21, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Ahmed S M Saleh, Peng Wang, Na Wang, Shu Yang, Zhigang Xiao
Cereal grains are a major source of human food and their production has steadily been increased during the last several decades to meet the demand of our increasing world population. The modernized society and the expansion of the cereal food industry created a need for highly efficient processing technologies, especially flour production. Earlier scientific research efforts have led to the invention of the modern steel roller mill, and the refined flour of wheat has become a basic component in most of cereal-based foods such as breads and pastries because of the unique functionality of wheat protein...
August 28, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Kjell Torén, Nicola Murgia, Linus Schiöler, Björn Bake, Anna-Carin Olin
BACKGROUND: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is used to assess of airway inflammation; diagnose asthma and monitor adherence to advised therapy. Reliable and accurate reference values for FENO are needed for both non-smoking and current smoking adults in the clinical setting. The present study was performed to establish reference adult FENO values among never-smokers, former smokers and current smokers. METHODS: FENO was measured in 5265 subjects aged 25-75 years in a general-population study, using a chemiluminescence (Niox ™) analyser according to the guidelines of the American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society...
August 25, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Yunus Erdem, Tekin Akpolat, Ülver Derici, Şule Şengül, Şehsuvar Ertürk, Şükrü Ulusoy, Bülent Altun, Mustafa Arıcı
Previous research has shown daily salt intakes in Turkey to be far above the recommended limits. Knowing the sources of dietary salt could form a basis for preventive strategies aimed towards salt reduction. This study aimed to investigate dietary sources of salt in Turkey. A sub-group (n = 657) was selected from the PatenT2 study population, which represented the urban and rural areas of 4 major cities (Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, and Konya). A questionnaire inquiring about sociodemographic characteristics, medical histories, detailed histories of diet, and salt consumption was completed...
August 24, 2017: Nutrients
Shuying Wei, Guoquan Lu, Heping Cao
Sweetpotato has rich nutrition, good ecological adaptability and high yield. There is a lack of knowledge about the effects of cooking methods on starch and sugar components in elite Chinese cultivars. In this study, sweetpotato storage roots from four cultivars "Xinxiang", "Jinyu", "Zimei" and "Yuzishu 263" were treated by baking, boiling and steaming and subsequently analyzed for starch content, amylase activity and sugar contents including glucose, fructose, sucrose and maltose. Results indicated that cooking reduced starch content and final amylase activity and increased reducing sugar content especially maltose content, but did not have significant influence on non-reducing sugar content...
2017: PloS One
Cheng Fang, Qinhong Wang, Jonathan Nimal Selvaraj, Yuling Zhou, Lixin Ma, Guimin Zhang, Yanhe Ma
Xylanase is a widely-used additive in baking industry for enhancing dough and bread quality. Several xylanases used in baking industry were expressed in different systems, but their expression in antibiotic free vector system is highly essential and safe. In the present study, an alternative rDNA-mediated technology was developed to increase the copy number of target gene by integrating it into Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. A xylanase-encoding gene xynHB from Bacillus sp. was cloned into pHBM367H and integrated into S...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Maike Föste, Mario Jekle, Thomas Becker
Bran is a promising ingredient for nutritional fortification in starch-based dough systems. However its incorporation is a technological challenge favoring a shift in dough functionality. The objective of this study was to elucidate the impact of bran on baking performance independent of dough firmness and start of gelatinization. Therefore, corn starch was replaced by quinoa bran (10% to 50%) and water addition (80-110g/100g flour) was standardized on a fixed complex shear modulus (G*) and start of gelatinization (TOnset) based on a corn starch reference dough...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Cristian Reinhard Prelicz, Lucia Maria Lotrean
The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4-6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4-6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The main food sources were meat (mainly poultry), eggs, grains, cereals, and baked products (mainly bread), and dairy products (mainly milk)...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1,300 to 2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too. AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"