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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527429/coexistence-of-light-driven-na-and-h-transport-in-a-microbial-rhodopsin-from-nonlabens-dokdonensis
#1
Hongshen Zhao, Baofu Ma, Liangliang Ji, Longjie Li, Huanhuan Wang, Deliang Chen
Ion pumping microbial rhodopsins are photochemically active membrane proteins, converting light energy into ion-motive-force for ATP synthesis. Nonlabens dokdonensis rhodopsin 2 (NdR2), was recently identified as a light-driven Na(+) pump. However, few functional studies on NdR2 have been conducted to elucidate its mechanism of ion transport. By reconstituting NdR2 into liposomes, we proved that NdR2 functions as a light-driven Na(+)/H(+) pump. As Na(+) concentration increased, the dominant H(+) pump activity switched to the Na(+) pump activity at neutral pH...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527426/malvidin-and-cyanidin-derivatives-from-a%C3%A3-ai-fruit-euterpe-oleracea-mart-counteract-uv-a-induced-oxidative-stress-in-immortalized-fibroblasts
#2
Ganna Petruk, Anna Illiano, Rita Del Giudice, Assunta Raiola, Angela Amoresano, Maria Manuela Rigano, Renata Piccoli, Daria Maria Monti
UV-A radiations are known to induce cellular oxidative stress, leading to premature skin aging. Consumption of açai fruit (Euterpe oleracea Martius) is known to have many health benefits due to its high level of antioxidants. Herein, we analyzed the ability of phenolic compounds extracted from this fruit to attenuate UV-A-induced oxidative stress in immortalized fibroblast. A methanol/water açai extract was fractionated by HPLC and each fraction tested for anti-oxidant stress activity. Immortalized fibroblasts were pre-incubated with açai fractions and then exposed to UV-A radiations...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527423/task-related-and-person-related-variables-influence-the-effect-of-low-back-pain-on-anticipatory-postural-adjustments
#3
Jesse V Jacobs, Courtney A Lyman, Juvena R Hitt, Sharon M Henry
BACKGROUND: People with low back pain exhibit altered postural coordination that has been suggested as a target for treatment, but heterogeneous presentation has rendered it difficult to identify appropriate candidates and protocols for such treatments. This study evaluated the associations of task-related and person-related factors with the effect of low back pain on anticipatory postural adjustments. METHODS: Thirteen subjects with and 13 without low back pain performed seated, rapid arm flexion in self-initiated and cued conditions...
May 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527418/atmospheric-pcdd-f-concentration-and-source-apportionment-in-typical-rural-agent-orange-hotspots-and-industrial-areas-in-vietnam
#4
Tuan Hung Ngo, To Thi Hien, Ngo Thi Thuan, Nguyen Hung Minh, Kai Hsien Chi
Vietnam has a double burden of dioxin from both industrial sources and historical sources. To evaluate the concentration of PCDD/Fs in ambient air in different areas of Vietnam and their possible sources, atmospheric samples were collected from three areas namely Son La (rural area) and Da Nang (harbor - Agent Orange hotspot area), and Ho Chi Minh City (metropolitan - industrial city). Vapor and solid phases of PCDD/Fs were collected and analyzed following the TO-9A sampling method. Principal Component Analysis and Positive Matrix Factorization model were applied to characterize the possible source...
May 11, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527417/fate-of-the-sunscreen-compound-oxybenzone-in-cyperus-alternifolius-based-hydroponic-culture-uptake-biotransformation-and-phytotoxicity
#5
Feiran Chen, Christian Huber, Peter Schröder
Oxybenzone (OBZ), a common ingredient in sunscreens and personal care products, has been frequently detected in effluents from municipal wastewater treatment plants and also in surface waters. OBZ is an emerging contaminant due to its adverse impacts on marine/aquatic ecosystems. To investigate the removal and degradation capacity of phytotreatment for OBZ, the common wetland plant species Cyperus alternifolius L. was exposed to this compound at 5, 25 and 50 μM for 120 h, respectively. Continuous uptake by roots and accumulation in plant tissues was observed over the exposure time, and depletion of spiked OBZ from the aqueous medium exceeded 73...
May 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527413/monochromatic-green-light-induces-an-aberrant-accumulation-of-geranylgeranyled-chlorophylls-in-plants
#6
Zuzana Materová, Roman Sobotka, Barbora Zdvihalová, Michal Oravec, Jakub Nezval, Václav Karlický, Daniel Vrábl, Michal Štroch, Vladimír Špunda
Light quality is an important environmental factor affecting the biosynthesis of photosynthetic pigments whose production seems to be affected not only quantitatively but also qualitatively. In this work, we set out to identify unusual pigment detected in leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and explain its presence in plants grown under monochromatic green light (GL; 500-590 nm). The chromatographic analysis (HPLC-DAD) revealed that a peak belonging to this unknown pigment is eluted between chlorophyll (Chl) a and b...
May 6, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527408/subcellular-localization-based-comparative-study-on-radioresistant-bacteria-a-novel-approach-to-mine-proteins-involve-in-radioresistance
#7
Divya Vishambra, Malay Srivastava, Kamal Dev, Varun Jaiswal
Radioresistant bacteria (RRB) are among the most radioresistant organisms and has a unique role in evolution. Along with the evolutionary role, radioresistant organisms play important role in paper industries, bioremediation, vaccine development and possibility in anti-aging and anti-cancer treatment. The study of radiation resistance in RRB was mainly focused on cytosolic mechanisms such as DNA repair mechanism, cell cleansing activity and high antioxidant activity. Although it was known that protein localized on outer areas of cell play role in resistance towards extreme condition but the mechanisms/proteins localized on the outer area of cells are not studied for radioresistance...
May 10, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527405/synthesis-and-structure-activity-relationships-of-novel-fused-ring-analogues-of-q203-as-antitubercular-agents
#8
Sunhee Kang, Young Mi Kim, Heekyung Jeon, Sejin Park, Min Jung Seo, Saeyeon Lee, Dongsik Park, Jiyeon Nam, Seokwoo Lee, Kiyean Nam, Sanghee Kim, Jaeseung Kim
A set of fused ring analogues of a new antitubercular agent, Q203, was designed and synthesized. To reduce the lipophilicity of Q203 caused by linearly extended side chains, shorter and heteroatoms containing fused rings were introduced into the side chain region. Antitubercular activity was tested against H37Rv-GFP replicating in liquid broth culture medium (extracellular) and within macrophages (intracellular). Many analogues showed potent extracellular activities as well as intracellular activities without cytotoxicity...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527395/hydrogen-bonded-charge-transfer-molecular-salt-4-chloro-anilinium-3-nitrophthalate-for-photophysical-and-pharmacological-applications
#9
K Singaravelan, A Chandramohan, M Saravanabhavan, I V Muthu Vijayan Enoch, V S Suganthi
Radical scavenging activity against DPPH radical and binding properties of a hydrogen bonded charge transfer molecular salt 4-chloro anilinium-3-nitrophthalate(CANP) with calf thymus DNA has been studied by electronic absorption and emission spectroscopy. The molecular structure and crystallinity of the CANP salt have been established by carried out powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis which indicated that cation and anion are linked through strong N(+)H(…)O(-) type of hydrogen bond. FTIR spectroscopic study was carried out to know the various functional groups present in the crystal...
May 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527393/a-combination-of-platelet-features-allows-detection-of-early-stage-cancer
#10
Siamack Sabrkhany, Marijke J E Kuijpers, Sander M J van Kuijk, Linda Sanders, Sharo Pineda, Steven W M Olde Damink, Anne-Marie C Dingemans, Arjan W Griffioen, Mirjam G A Oude Egbrink
BACKGROUND: Detection of early-stage cancer significantly improves patient survival. As platelets play an important role in cancer progression, we aimed to investigate whether platelets can be used for the discovery of early-stage cancer. METHODS: Patients with lung (n = 86) or head of pancreas (n = 42) cancer were included, as were healthy sex- and age-matched controls (n = 92). Blood was collected before initiation of treatment. Platelet count, volume and activation status were quantified in whole blood...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527387/analysis-of-electroencephalogram-characteristics-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-patients-in-china
#11
Yan Zhang, Gang Liu, Meng Di Jiang, Li Ping Li, Ying Ying Su
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of electroencephalogram (EEG) in patients with anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. METHODS: Anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients admitted to the Department of Neurology between January 2012 and June 2016 were enrolled. All patients underwent electroencephalogram (EEG) at least once in the disease peak stage, and received tumor screening, symptomatic therapy, and immunotherapy. Patients received outcome evaluation every 6months after the immunotherapy, and modified Rankin scale (mRS) 0-2 was defined as favorable outcome...
May 4, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527383/tributyltin-and-triphenyltin-exposure-promotes-in-vitro-adipogenic-differentiation-but-alters-the-adipocyte-phenotype-in-rainbow-trout
#12
Esmail Lutfi, Natàlia Riera-Heredia, Marlon Córdoba, Cinta Porte, Joaquim Gutiérrez, Encarnación Capilla, Isabel Navarro
Numerous environmental pollutants have been identified as potential obesogenic compounds affecting endocrine signaling and lipid homeostasis. Among them, well-known organotins such as tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT), can be found in significant concentrations in aquatic environments. The aim of the present study was to investigate in vitro the effects of TBT and TPT on the development and lipid metabolism of rainbow trout (Onchorynchus mykiss) primary cultured adipocytes. Results showed that TBT and TPT induced lipid accumulation and slightly enhanced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) protein expression when compared to a control, both in the presence or absence of lipid mixture...
May 8, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527375/surfactant-enhanced-remediation-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Shanti Lamichhane, K C Bal Krishna, Ranjan Sarukkalige
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic organic compounds that are widely present in the environment. The bioremediation of PAHs is an economical and environmentally friendly remediation technique, but it is limited because PAHs have low water solubility and fewer bioavailable properties. The solubility and bioavailability of PAHs can be increased by using surfactants to reduce surface tension and interfacial tension; this method is called surfactant-enhanced remediation (SER)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527364/effect-of-extended-aging-on-calpain-1-and-2-activity-in-beef-longissimus-lumborum-and-semimembranosus-muscles
#14
M J Colle, M E Doumit
Our objectives were to (Exp. 1) determine the effect of postmortem aging (2, 3, 4, 14, 28, and 42days) on calpain-1 and -2 activity in beef longissimus lumborum (LL) and semimembranosus (SM) steaks and (Exp. 2) determine the effect of postmortem aging for two extended periods (63 and 84days) on calpain-2 activity of beef SM steaks. Calpain-1 was not active in either muscle following 14days of aging. Native calpain-2 activity decreased (P<0.001) with longer aging periods for both the LL and SM in Exp. 1 and for the SM in Exp...
May 12, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527363/postmortem-microbial-communities-in-burial-soil-layers-of-skeletonized-humans
#15
Torri B Thomas, Sheree J Finley, Jeremy E Wilkinson, Daniel J Wescott, Azriel Gorski, Gulnaz T Javan
Microorganisms are major ecological participants in the successional decomposition of vertebrates. The relative abundance, or the scarcity, of certain microbial taxa in gravesoil has the potential to determine the ecological status of skeletons. However, there are substantial knowledge gaps that warrant consideration in the context of the surrounding terrestrial ecosystem. In the current study, we hypothesized that i.) soil microbial diversity is disparate in the latter stage of decomposition (skeletonization) compared to the earlier stages (fresh, bloat, active and advanced decay), and ii...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527361/preparation-and-antifouling-properties-of-2-meth-acryloyloxy-ethyl-cholinephosphate-based-polymers-modified-surface-with-different-molecular-architectures-by-atrp
#16
Yuchen Jiang, Yuling Su, Lili Zhao, Fancui Meng, Quanxin Wang, Chunmei Ding, Jianbin Luo, Jianshu Li
Choline phosphate (CP) containing polymers modified surfaces have been shown good resist to the adhesion of proteins while prompt the attaching of mammalian cells due to the dipole pairing between the CP groups of the polymer and the phosphorylcholine (PC) groups on the cell membrane. However, the antifouling activities of CP modified surface against microbes have not been investigated at present. In addition, CP containing polymers modified surface with different molecular architectures has not been prepared and studied...
May 11, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527359/nanocubes-of-indium-oxide-induce-cytotoxicity-and-apoptosis-through-oxidative-stress-in-human-lung-epithelial-cells
#17
Maqusood Ahamed, Mohd Javed Akhtar, M A Majeed Khan, Hisham A Alhadlaq, Ali Aldalbahi
The demand for semiconductor indium oxide (In2O3) nanocrystals is increasing because of their diverse applications, including in biomedicine. However, there is a scarcity of studies on the biological interaction of indium oxide nanocrystals. Here, we explored the underlying mechanisms of toxicity induced by indium oxide nanocubes in human lung epithelial (A549) cells. Prepared indium oxide nanocubes were crystalline with an average size of 21nm. Biointeraction studies have shown that indium oxide nanocubes induce cell viability reduction and cell membrane damage in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
May 9, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527357/functionalization-of-electrospun-polymeric-wound-dressings-with-antimicrobial-peptides
#18
REVIEW
Helena P Felgueiras, M Teresa P Amorim
Wound dressings have evolved considerably since ancient times. Modern dressings are now important systems that combine the physical and biochemical properties of natural and synthetic polymers with active compounds that are beneficial to wound healing. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are the most recent addition to these systems. These aim to control the microbial proliferation and colonization of pathogens and to modulate the host's immune response. In the last decade, electrospun wound dressings have been extensively studied and the electrospinning technique recognized as an efficient approach for the production of nanoscale fibrous mats...
May 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527355/antimycotic-activity-of-fengycin-c-biosurfactant-and-its-interaction-with-phosphatidylcholine-model-membranes
#19
Lina María González-Jaramillo, Francisco José Aranda, José Antonio Teruel, Valeska Villegas-Escobar, Antonio Ortiz
Lipopeptide biosurfactants constitute one of the most promising groups of compounds for the treatment and prevention of fungal diseases in plants. Bacillus subtilis strain EA-CB0015 produces iturin A, fengycin C and surfactin and it has been proven useful for the treatment of black Sigatoka disease in banana plants, an important pathology caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis (Morelet). We have found that B. subtilis EA-CB0015 cell free supernatants and purified fractions inhibit M. fijiensis cellular growth...
May 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527347/immunostimulatory-activity-of-plumieride-an-iridoid-in-augmenting-immune-system-by-targeting-th-1-pathway-in-balb-c-mice
#20
Jasvinder Singh, Arem Qayum, Rachna D Singh, Mytre Koul, Anpurna Kaul, N K Satti, Prabhu Dutt, Abid Hamid, Shashank Singh
Plumieride, an iridoid glucoside isolated from Plumieria acutifolia leaves was investigated for its immunostimulatory activity on humoral, cell mediated and intracellular cytokine levels in sensitized and unsensitised balb/c mice. Plumieride restores the suppressed cell mediated, humoral immune response and also enhances the release of TNF- α, IFN-γ, and IL-2 (Th-1) in immune compromised cyclosporine and cyclophosphamide treated balb/c mice. It does not stimulate the IL-4 (Th-2) expression. Plumieride demonstrates significant augmentation of Th-1 response in immunosuppressed balb/c mice...
May 17, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
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