keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Enterocolitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909603/urinary-outcomes-in-patients-with-down-s-syndrome-and-hirschsprung-s-disease
#1
Alexander Johannes Martinus Dingemans, Carlos Albert Reck-Burneo, Molly Fuchs, Alejandra Vilanova Sanchez, Victoria Alison Lane, Erin Hoover, Tassiana Maloof, Laura Weaver, Marc A Levitt, Richard J Wood
INTRODUCTION:  Previous research in children with Hirschsprung's disease (HD) and Down's syndrome (DS) has focused on colorectal outcomes. We set out to review urinary outcomes in this patient group. METHODS:  The medical records of all patients aged five years and older with HD were reviewed, and patients and caregivers filled out the Vancouver Symptom Score at intake, which is designed and validated to diagnose dysfunctional elimination syndrome. RESULTS:  A total of 104 patients with HD were included in this study...
June 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903834/topiramate-for-seizures-in-preterm-infants-and-the-development-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#2
Benjamin Courchia, Waleed Kurtom, Alyssa Pensirikul, Teresa Del-Moral, Maria Buch
Neonatal seizures represent a significant health burden on the term and preterm neonatal population and are linked to poor long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. Currently, there are no US Food and Drug Administration-approved antiepileptic drugs for neonates, and authors of the medical literature have yet to reach a consensus on the most adequate approach to neonatal seizures. Topiramate is readily used in the adult and older pediatric population for the management of migraines and partial-onset seizures. Topiramate continues to gain favor among pediatric neurologists who often recommend this medication as a third-line treatment of neonatal seizures...
June 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901457/cystic-intestinal-pneumatosis-of-the-small-gut-etiopathogenesis-and-review-of-literature
#3
Luca Napolitano, Mathew Waku, Gustavo Maggi, Franco Ciarelli
Cystic intestinal pneumatosis (CIP) is the presence of gas bubbles inside the wall of the intestine. In literature it has been reported to be associated with a variety of clinical conditions such as: superior mesenteric ischemia, intestinal perforation, bowel necrosis, infections which can cause mucosal alterations and therefore increasing its permeability, necrotizing enterocolitis in babies, trauma, intestinal obstruction, autoimmune and pulmonary pathologies. Its presence is usually documented by radiological techniques such as abdominal X-ray, CT scan and endoscopy and are usually characterized by the typical pattern of gas bubbles in the wall of the intestine...
March 19, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900748/ileal-tubular-adenoma-as-a-cause-of-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-infants
#4
Robin Germán Prieto, Manuel Alejandro Mahler, Gustavo Vidales
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding is a common pathology with diverse causes depending on the patients´ age. The most common causes in adults are polyps, neoplasias, diverticular disease and angiodysplasia. In neonates, necrotizing enterocolitis and volvulus, and anal fissures and bowel intussusception in infants. Polyps are reported as a cause of bleeding only in children of preschool age.
June 14, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898763/non-invasive-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-versus-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-multi-center-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Xing-Wang Zhu, Yuan Shi, Li-Ping Shi, Ling Liu, Jiang Xue, Rangasamy Ramanathan
BACKGROUND: Invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is associated with the development of adverse pulmonary and non-pulmonary outcomes in very premature infants. Various modes of non-invasive respiratory support are increasingly being used to decrease the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The aim of this trial is to compare the effect of non-invasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) as a primary non-invasive ventilation support mode...
June 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895839/robust-increases-in-erythropoietin-production-by-the-hypoxic-fetus-is-a-response-to-protect-the-brain-and-other-vital-organs
#6
REVIEW
Kari A Teramo, Miira M Klemetti, John A Widness
Fetal erythropoietin (EPO), in addition to regulating erythropoiesis, has also tissue-protective properties based on its anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, antioxidant, and neurotrophic effects. Notably, EPO concentrations needed for tissue protection are 100-1000 times higher than concentrations needed for regulating erythropoiesis. This dual effect of EPO is based on EPO-receptor (EPO-R) isoforms, which differ structurally and functionally. We hypothesize in this Integrated Mechanism Review that during severe fetal hypoxia the observed, but poorly understood, marked increases of fetal plasma EPO concentrations occur to protect the brain, heart, and other vital fetal organs...
June 12, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894475/neonatal-factors-related-to-center-variation-in-the-incidence-of-late-onset-circulatory-collapse-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#7
Yume Suzuki, Yumi Kono, Takahiro Hayakawa, Hironori Shimozawa, Miyuki Matano, Yukari Yada
BACKGROUND: Although late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) is widely recognized in Japan, its etiology and the reason for center variation in its incidence remain unclear. This study's objectives were to identify the perinatal and neonatal factors related to LCC and to estimate the factors related to the center variation in the incidence of LCC. METHODS: Extremely preterm infants born between 2008 and 2012 who were registered in the database of the Neonatal Research Network, Japan were retrospectively analyzed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890513/summary-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-enteral-lactoferrin-supplementation-in-newborn-very-preterm-infants-elfin
#8
(no author information available yet)
In a multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT), we are assessing whether giving very preterm (i.e., born at < 32 weeks' gestation) infants prophylactic enteral bovine lactoferrin supplementation (150 mg/kg/day) from shortly after birth until 34 weeks' post-menstrual age reduces the incidence of late-onset invasive infection (primary outcome), all-cause mortality, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotising enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity, and the duration of antibiotic exposure, intensive care, and hospital admission...
June 11, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889020/clostridium-neonatale-sp-nov-linked-to-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-neonates-and-a-clarification-of-species-assignable-to-the-genus-clostridium-prazmowski-1880-emend-lawson-and-rainey-2016
#9
Kathryn Bernard, Tamara Burdz, Deborah Wiebe, Michelle Alfa, Anne-Marie Bernier
A description of an outbreak of necrotizing enterocolitis among neonates, linked to the putative novel species Clostridium neonatale and assignable to the genus Clostridium, was previously reported in brief but that name had never been validly published (Alfa et al. Clin Inf Dis 2002;35:S101-S105). Features of this taxon group and its phylogenetic position with respect to contemporary species in the genus Clostridium were recently reviewed and still found to be unique. Therefore, we provide here a description based on biochemical, chemotaxonomic and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) MS, 16S rRNA gene sequencing as well as information obtained by whole genome sequencing (WGS) for strains 99A005T and 99A006...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888655/increased-incidence-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-associated-with-routine-administration-of-infloran%C3%A2-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#10
E Escribano, C Zozaya, R Madero, L Sánchez, J van Goudoever, J M Rodríguez, M Sáenz de Pipaon
We aimed to evaluate the isolation of strains contained in the Infloran™ probiotic preparation in blood cultures and its efficacy in reducing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and late-onset sepsis (LOS) in extremely preterm infants. Routine use of probiotics was implemented in 2008. Infants born at <28 weeks gestational age were prospectively followed and compared with historical controls (HC) born between 2005 and 2008. Data on sepsis due to any of the two probiotic strains contained in Infloran and rates of LOS and NEC were analysed...
June 11, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886779/does-intact-umbilical-cord-milking-increase-infection-rates-in-preterm-infants-with-premature-prolonged-rupture-of-membranes
#11
Juan Li, Bo Yu, Wei Wang, Luo, Qian-Ling Dai, Xiao-Qin Gan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether intact umbilical cord milking (I-UCM) can aggravate infection or result in other undesirable complications in preterm infants with premature prolonged rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: Neonates vaginally delivered between 28 and 37 weeks' gestation and complicated by PPROM before birth were randomly divided into two groups according to the cord clamping procedure: I-UCM before clamping and immediate cord clamping (ICC). Various parameters of the study participants were compared between the two groups...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886760/estimating-risk-of-severe-neonatal-morbidity-in-preterm-births-under-32-weeks-of-gestation
#12
Emily F Hamilton, Alina Dyachenko, Antonio Ciampi, Kimberly Maurel, Philip A Warrick, Thomas J Garite
BACKGROUND: A large recent study analyzed the relationship between multiple factors and neonatal outcome and in preterm births. Study variables included reason for admission, indication for delivery, optimal steroid use, gestational age and other potentially prognostic factors. Using stepwise multivariable analysis, the only two variables independently associated with serious neonatal morbidity were gestational age and the presence of suspected intrauterine growth restriction as a reason for admission...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885660/necrotizing-enterocolitis-is-associated-with-acute-brain-responses-in-preterm-pigs
#13
Jing Sun, Xiaoyu Pan, Line I Christiansen, Xiao-Long Yuan, Kerstin Skovgaard, Dereck E W Chatterton, Sanne S Kaalund, Fei Gao, Per T Sangild, Stanislava Pankratova
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an acute gut inflammatory disorder that occurs in preterm infants in the first weeks after birth. Infants surviving NEC often show impaired neurodevelopment. The mechanisms linking NEC lesions with later neurodevelopment are poorly understood but may include proinflammatory signaling in the immature brain. Using preterm pigs as a model for preterm infants, we hypothesized that severe intestinal NEC lesions are associated with acute effects on the developing hippocampus...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883983/the-relationship-of-assisted-reproductive-technology-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-triplet-gestations
#14
Jaimin S Shah, Tania Roman, Oscar A Viteri, Ziad A Haidar, Alejandra Ontiveros, Baha M Sibai
OBJECTIVE:  To assess whether assisted reproductive technology (ART) is associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in triplet gestations compared with spontaneous conception. STUDY DESIGN:  Secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial for the prevention of preterm birth in multiple gestations. Triplets delivered at ≥ 24 weeks were studied. The primary outcome was the rate of composite neonatal morbidity (CNM) that included one or more of the following: bronchopulmonary dysplasia, respiratory distress syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis, culture proven sepsis, pneumonia, retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, or perinatal death...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883627/comparative-pathogenesis-of-enteric-clostridial-infections-in-humans-and-animals
#15
Francisco A Uzal, Mauricio A Navarro, J Jihong Li, John C Freedman, Archana Shrestha, Bruce A McClane
Several enteric clostridial diseases can affect humans and animals. Of these, the enteric infections caused by Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile are amongst the most prevalent and they are reviewed here. C. perfringens type A strains encoding alpha toxin (CPA) are frequently associated with enteric disease of many animal mammalian species, but their role in these diseased mammals remains to be clarified. C. perfringens type B encoding CPA, beta (CPB) and epsilon (ETX) toxins causes necro-hemorrhagic enteritis, mostly in sheep, and these strains have been recently suggested to be involved in multiple sclerosis in humans, although evidence of this involvement is lacking...
June 5, 2018: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878061/nutrient-enrichment-of-human-milk-with-human-and-bovine-milk-based-fortifiers-for-infants-born-weighing-1250-g-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Deborah L O'Connor, Alex Kiss, Christopher Tomlinson, Nicole Bando, Ann Bayliss, Douglas M Campbell, Alan Daneman, Jane Francis, Kirsten Kotsopoulos, Prakesh S Shah, Simone Vaz, Brock Williams, Sharon Unger
Background: Human milk-based fortifiers (HMBFs) are being adopted in neonatal care to enrich the nutrients in human milk for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants despite being costly and there being limited efficacy data. No randomized clinical trial has evaluated the use of HMBF compared with bovine milk-based fortifiers (BMBFs) in the absence of formula feeding. Objective: To determine if HMBF compared with BMBF for routine nutrient enrichment of human milk improves feeding tolerance, reduces morbidity, reduces fecal calprotectin (a measure of gut inflammation), and supports the growth of infants <1250 g...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877722/beyond-necrotizing-enterocolitis-other-clinical-advantages-of-an-exclusive-human-milk-diet
#17
Amy B Hair, David J Rechtman, Martin L Lee, Victoria Niklas
OBJECTIVE: Articles previously published by Sullivan et al. and Cristofalo et al. were reanalyzed using the proportion of cow milk-based nutrition received to determine whether that affected clinical outcomes during hospitalization for infants birth weight 500-1250 g. Abrams et al. showed in the same cohort incidences of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), NEC requiring surgery and sepsis increased proportionally to the amount of dietary cow milk. METHODS: The data from the two studies conducted under essentially the same protocol were combined yielding a cohort of 260 infants receiving a diet ranging from 0% to 100% cow milk...
June 7, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875143/the-microbiome-and-metabolome-of-preterm-infant-stool-are-personalized-and-not-driven-by-health-outcomes-including-necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-late-onset-sepsis
#18
Stephen Wandro, Stephanie Osborne, Claudia Enriquez, Christine Bixby, Antonio Arrieta, Katrine Whiteson
The assembly and development of the gut microbiome in infants have important consequences for immediate and long-term health. Preterm infants represent an abnormal case for bacterial colonization because of early exposure to bacteria and frequent use of antibiotics. To better understand the assembly of the gut microbiota in preterm infants, fecal samples were collected from 32 very low birth weight preterm infants over the first 6 weeks of life. Infant health outcomes included health, late-onset sepsis, and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)...
June 27, 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874640/brain-barrier-disruption-and-region-specific-neuronal-degeneration-during-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-pigs
#19
Anders Brunse, Afrouz Abbaspour, Per Torp Sangild
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) increases the risk of brain injury and impaired neurodevelopment. Rapid brain maturation prior to birth may explain why preterm brains are particularly vulnerable to serious infections. Using pigs as models, we hypothesized that preterm birth was associated with altered blood-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barrier (BCSFB) function and cerebral structural deficits, and that NEC was associated with systemic inflammation, BCSFB disruption, and neuroinflammation. First, cesarean-delivered preterm and term pigs (n = 43-44) were euthanized at birth to investigate BCSFB function and markers of brain structural maturation, or on day 5 to measure markers of blood-brain barrier maturation in the hippocampus and striatum (experiment 1)...
June 6, 2018: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872859/association-between-oxygen-saturation-targeting-and-death-or-disability-in-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-neonatal-oxygenation-prospective-meta-analysis-collaboration
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lisa M Askie, Brian A Darlow, Neil Finer, Barbara Schmidt, Ben Stenson, William Tarnow-Mordi, Peter G Davis, Waldemar A Carlo, Peter Brocklehurst, Lucy C Davies, Abhik Das, Wade Rich, Marie G Gantz, Robin S Roberts, Robin K Whyte, Lorrie Costantini, Christian Poets, Elizabeth Asztalos, Malcolm Battin, Henry L Halliday, Neil Marlow, Win Tin, Andrew King, Edmund Juszczak, Colin J Morley, Lex W Doyle, Val Gebski, Kylie E Hunter, Robert J Simes
Importance: There are potential benefits and harms of hyperoxemia and hypoxemia for extremely preterm infants receiving more vs less supplemental oxygen. Objective: To compare the effects of different target ranges for oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (Spo2) on death or major morbidity. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospectively planned meta-analysis of individual participant data from 5 randomized clinical trials (conducted from 2005-2014) enrolling infants born before 28 weeks' gestation...
June 5, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
keyword
keyword
89811
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"