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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645006/study-of-intestinal-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-phoenix-loureiroi-kunth-arecaceae-fruit
#1
Rajan Murugan, Shanmugam Saravanan, Thangaraj Parimelazhagan
Phoenix loureiroi Kunth belongs to the family Arecaceae, the fruits are widely consumed by Kurumba and Irula tribes of Tamil Nadu (India) and also used to cure intestinal related diseases in folklore medicine. Therefore, in vivo animal studies were evaluated to confirm the prevention of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with the treatment of this plant fruits. The IBD was studied in Wistar albino rats by indomethacin (s.c.), acetic acid (i.c.) and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induced models. The diseases parameters such as macroscopic, microscopic features, serum biomarkers levels, haematological profile, biochemical and antioxidant levels were determined...
June 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644358/early-empiric-antibiotic-use-is-associated-with-delayed-feeding-tolerance-in-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-analysis
#2
Francisco E Martinez, Walusa A G Ferri, Clea R Leone, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Ruth Guinsburg, Jucille do Amaral Meneses, Marynéa Silva do Vale, Sergio Tadeu Martins Marba, Werther Brunow de Carvalho, Ligia Maria Suppo de Souza Rugolo, José Maria de Andrade Lopes, Manoel A Ribeiro, Renato S Procianoy, José Luiz Muniz Bandeira Duarte, Maria Cândida Ferrarez Bouzada, Daniela Marques de Lima Mota Ferreira, Navantino Alves Filho, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Dulce Maria Toledo Zanardi, Daniela Testoni, Cristina Nunes Dos Santos, Maria Rafaela Conde Gomzález, Paulyne Stadler Venzon, Jaques Belik
The causative factors of neonatal feeding intolerance are poorly understood, but potentially related to clinical practices such as empiric antibiotic usage. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether early empiric antibiotic exposure negatively affects preterm infants' enteral feeding tolerance. Data from infants without risk factors for sepsis, 500 to 1499 g birth weight and 24 to 34 weeks gestational age were analyzed. The primary outcomes were the empiric antibiotic exposure effects on the infants' total parenteral nutrition usage duration and prevalence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643465/severe-hemolysis-after-plasma-transfusion-in-a-neonate-with-necrotizing-enterocolitis-clostridium-perfringens-infection-and-red-blood-cell-t-polyagglutination
#3
Julia Moh-Klaren, Gwellaouen Bodivit, Myriam Jugie, Philippe Chadebech, Laurent Chevret, Mostafa Mokhtari, Xavier Chamillard, Philippe Gallon, Pierre Tissières, Philippe Bierling, Rachid Djoudi, France Pirenne, Nicolas Burin-des-Roziers
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen exposure (T activation) in infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has occasionally been associated with posttransfusional intravascular hemolysis thought to be due to anti-T antibodies in the donor plasma. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We describe an infant with NEC and Clostridium perfringens infection complicated by severe hemolysis after plasma transfusion. After this case, infants with confirmed NEC were prospectively evaluated for T activation...
June 22, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640662/using-probiotics-in-clinical-practice-where-are-we-now-a-review-of-existing-meta-analyses
#4
Mariangela Rondanelli, Milena Anna Faliva, Simone Perna, Attilio Giacosa, Gabriella Peroni, Anna Maria Castellazzi
The scientific literature has demonstrated that probiotics have a broad spectrum of activity, although often the results are contradictory. This study provides a critical overview of the current meta-analyses that have evaluated the efficacy of probiotics in physiological and pathological conditions, such as metabolic disease, antibiotic-associated and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, IBS, constipation, IBD, chemotherapy-associated diarrhea, respiratory tract infection, ventilator-associated pneumonia, NAFLD, liver encephalopathy, periodontitis, depression, vaginosis, urinary tract infections, pancreatitis, incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, hospital infection and stay in ICU, mortality of post-trauma patients, necrotising enterocolitis in premature infants...
June 22, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638850/probiotic-lactobacillus-species-strengthen-intestinal-barrier-function-and-tight-junction-integrity-in-experimental-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#5
Brian P Blackwood, Carrie Y Yuan, Douglas R Wood, Joseph D Nicolas, Justyna S Grothaus, Catherine J Hunter
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious intestinal disease that occurs in newborn infants. It is associated with major morbidity and affects 5% of all infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Probiotics have variable efficacy in preventing necrotizing enterocolitis. Tight junctions (TJ) are protein complexes that maintain epithelial barrier integrity. We hypothesized that the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus plantarum strengthen intestinal barrier function, promote TJ integrity, and protect against experimental NEC...
April 2017: J Probiotics Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634574/reducing-viability-bias-in-analysis-of-gut-microbiota-in-preterm-infants-at-risk-of-nec-and-sepsis
#6
Gregory R Young, Darren L Smith, Nicholas D Embleton, Janet E Berrington, Edward C Schwalbe, Stephen P Cummings, Christopher J van der Gast, Clare Lanyon
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and sepsis are serious diseases of preterm infants that can result in feeding intolerance, the need for bowel resection, impaired physiological and neurological development, and high mortality rates. Neonatal healthcare improvements have allowed greater survival rates in preterm infants leading to increased numbers at risk of developing NEC and sepsis. Gut bacteria play a role in protection from or propensity to these conditions and have therefore, been studied extensively using targeted 16S rRNA gene sequencing methods...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633098/high-prevalence-of-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-surgical-intestinal-specimens-from-infants-with-necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-spontaneous-intestinal-perforation-a-retrospective-observational-study
#7
Soley Omarsdottir, Margret Agnarsdottir, Charlotte Casper, Abiel Orrego, Mireille Vanpée, Afsar Rahbar, Cecilia Söderberg-Nauclér
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe, often fatal gastrointestinal emergency that predominantly affects preterm infants, and there is evidence that neonatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection may in some cases contribute to its pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of CMV in infants with NEC. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy intestinal specimens from 61 infants with NEC, spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP), or related surgical complications were collected at Karolinska University Hospital and Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632783/transient-effects-of-transfusion-and-feeding-advances-volumetric-and-caloric-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-development-a-case-crossover-study
#8
Vi T Le, Mark A Klebanoff, Maria M Talavera, Jonathan L Slaughter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term effects of feed fortification, feed volume increase, and PRBC transfusion on the odds of developing NEC. STUDY DESIGN: Case-crossover study of neonatal intensive care infants born at ≤ 32 weeks' gestation who were admitted to 5 central Ohio intensive care units from January 2012-July 2016 and developed NEC Bell Stage ≥2. Each patient served as their own control, with exposure during the 48-hour period just prior to NEC onset (hazard period) being compared to a preceding 48-hour control period, thus eliminating confounding by patient factors fixed between both intervals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629750/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndromes-with-and-without-bloody-stool-have-distinct-clinicopathological-features
#9
Hideaki Morita, Hiroko Suzuki, Kanami Orihara, Kenichiro Motomura, Akio Matsuda, Yukihiro Ohya, Hirohisa Saito, Ichiro Nomura, Kenji Matsumoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628847/the-importance-of-declining-insulin-requirements-during-pregnancy-in-patients-with-pre-gestational-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Maya Ram, Larissa Feinmesser, Shiri Shinar, Sharon Maslovitz
OBJECTIVE: In patients with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), insulin requirements often increase during the third trimester of pregnancy in order to maintain proper glycemic control. However, a fraction of patients demonstrate a significant decrease in insulin requirements in late gestation. We aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of decreasing insulin requirements in patients with pre-gestational diabetes and GDM with respect to fetal wellbeing and pregnancy outcome...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625498/the-impact-of-routine-evaluation-of-gastric-residual-volumes-on-the-time-to-achieve-full-enteral-feeding-in-preterm-infants
#11
Arieh Riskin, Keren Cohen, Amir Kugelman, Arina Toropine, Waseem Said, David Bader
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time to full enteral feedings in preterm infants after a practice change from routine evaluation of gastric residual volume before each feeding to selective evaluation of gastric residual volume , and to evaluate the impact of this change on the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected on all gavage-fed infants born at ≤34 weeks gestational age (GA) for 2 years before (n = 239) and 2 years after the change (n = 233)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625190/association-between-early-echocardiography-therapy-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-and-outcomes-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Jan Hau Lee, Rachel G Greenberg, Bin H Quek, Reese H Clark, Matthew M Laughon, P Brian Smith, Christoph P Hornik
BACKGROUND: In very low birth weight infants, persistence of a patent ductus arteriosus results in morbidity and mortality. Therapies to close the ductus are effective, but clinical outcomes may depend on the accuracy of diagnosis and the timing of administration. The objective of the present study was to characterise the association between early echocardiography, therapy for patent ductus arteriosus, and outcomes in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used electronic health record data on inborn infants of gestational age ⩽28 weeks and birth weight <1500 g who were discharged after day of life 7 from 362 neonatal ICU from 1997 to 2013...
June 19, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624056/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-different-types-of-stem-cells-in-preserving-gut-barrier-function-in-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#13
Christopher J McCulloh, Jacob K Olson, Yijie Wang, Jennifer Vu, Sarah Gartner, Gail E Besner
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in premature infants. Increased intestinal permeability is central to NEC development. We have shown that stem cells (SCs) can reduce the incidence and severity of NEC. Our current goal was to investigate the efficacy of four different types of SC in preservation of gut barrier function during NEC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared (1) amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal SC, (2) bone marrow-derived mesenchymal SC, (3) amniotic fluid-derived neural SC, and (4) enteric neural SC...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617764/oropharyngeal-colostrum-administration-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Yuxia Zhang, Futing Ji, Xiaojing Hu, Yun Cao, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: Studies have confirmed the safety of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum in very low birth weight infants. However, the effect of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum on immune system is inconclusive. This study aims to evaluate the effect of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum on secretory immunoglobulin A and lactoferrin in very low birth weight infants. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Forty-bedded neonatal ICU in a university children's hospital in the People's Republic of China...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614987/role-of-amino-acid-supplementation-in-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-neonates-a-review-of-current-evidences
#15
Bhawan Deep Garg, Nandkishor S Kabra
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common acute and fatal gastrointestinal emergency in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm neonates with mortality range from 15-30%. NEC is likely due to multifactorial process such as oxidative injury, ischemic necrosis and over reactive inflammatory response to intestinal microbes. AIMS: To evaluate the role of amino acid supplementation for reduction of neonatal NEC in preterm neonates. METHOD: The literature search was done for various randomized control trial (RCT) by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Thomson Reuters (ESCI), Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) and other data base...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610705/anastomotic-ulcers-in-short-bowel-syndrome-new-suggestions-from-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#16
Fabio Fusaro, Renato Tambucci, Erminia Romeo, Pietro Bagolan, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Stefano Ceccarelli, Paola Francalanci, Dominique Hermans, Andrea Pietrobattista, Antonella Diamanti, Filippo Torroni, Paola De Angelis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anastomotic ulceration (AU) is a rare potential life-threatening complication that may occur after intestinal resection. The diagnosis is often delayed after a long-lasting history of refractory anemia. The pathogenesis remains unknown and there are no established therapies. The aim of the study was to analyze the medical history of children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) who were experiencing AU. METHODS: Records of SBS children were retrospectively reviewed...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609432/protective-effects-of-amniotic-fluid-in-the-setting-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#17
REVIEW
Soham Dasgupta, Sunil Kumar Jain
Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common life threatening condition affecting preterm infants. NEC occurs in 1-5% of all neonatal intensive care admissions and 5-10% of very low birth weight infants. The protective role of human breast milk (BM) has been well established. It has also been shown that amniotic fluid (AF) and breast milk have many similarities in terms of presence of growth and other immune-modulatory factors. This finding led to the initial hypothesis that AF may exert similar protective effects against the development of NEC as does BM...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607625/hepatic-portal-venous-gas-in-children-younger-than-2-years-old-radiological-and-clinical-characteristics-in-diseases-other-than-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#18
Marzena Barczuk-Falęcka, Przemysław Bombiński, Zofia Majkowska, Michał Brzewski, Stanisław Warchoł
BACKGROUND: Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare imaging finding in children. It can be an important manifestation of severe diseases such as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in neonates or bowel wall rupture in older children. However, there are many other diseases presenting with HPVG that do not necessarily require a surgical intervention. CASE REPORT: In the period between 2011-2015, there were 12 cases of HPVG in children aged up to 24 months in our hospital...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601903/can-complications-in-febrile-neutropenia-be-predicted-report-from-a-developing-country
#19
Sapna Oberoi, Anirban Das, Amita Trehan, Pallab Ray, Deepak Bansal
PURPOSE: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We aimed to look at complications in febrile neutropenia and to derive a risk model for developing complications from the variables predicting complications. METHODS: Children on treatment for ALL, presenting with FN, were prospectively enrolled over a period of 1 year. Their clinical presentation, course during hospital stay, and outcomes were recorded...
June 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601861/electrical-grounding-improves-vagal-tone-in-preterm-infants
#20
Rohit Passi, Kim K Doheny, Yuri Gordin, Hans Hinssen, Charles Palmer
BACKGROUND: Low vagal tone (VT) is a marker of vulnerability to stress and the risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants. Electric fields produced by equipment in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) induce an electric potential measurable on the skin in reference to ground. An electrical connection to ground reduces the skin potential and improves VT in adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to measure the electric field strengths in the NICU environment and to determine if connecting an infant to electrical ground would reduce the skin potential and improve VT...
June 10, 2017: Neonatology
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