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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771933/the-colours-and-contours-of-compassion-a-systematic-review-of-the-perspectives-of-compassion-among-ethnically-diverse-patients-and-healthcare-providers
#1
Pavneet Singh, Kathryn King-Shier, Shane Sinclair
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe the perspectives, experiences, importance, and impact of compassionate care among ethnically diverse population groups. METHODS: A systematic search of peer-reviewed research focused on compassionate care in ethnically diverse populations published between 1946 and 2017 was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 2296 abstracts were retrieved, out of which 23 articles met the inclusion criteria. Synthesis of the literature identified the perspectives, facilitators and barriers of compassion in healthcare within ethnic groups...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755170/patient-education-provided-by-physiotherapists-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-results-of-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Judy King, Sarah Tessier, Marie-Josée Charette, Danica Gaudet
Purpose: Physiotherapists have been acknowledged as playing a vital role in the care of people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and this care includes providing patient education (PE). Yet very little is known about the issues critical to providing this PE. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify and map out the current knowledge about the content, processes, and overall effectiveness of the PE provided by physiotherapists for people living with COPD. Method: Using the guidelines developed by Arksey and O'Malley in 2005 and by Levac in 2010, key databases were searched...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750204/the-zika-epidemic-and-abortion-in-latin-america-a-scoping-review
#3
Mabel Carabali, Nichole Austin, Nicholas B King, Jay S Kaufman
Background: Latin America presently has the world's highest burden of Zika virus, but there are unexplained differences in national rates of congenital malformations collectively referred to as Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS) in the region. While Zika virulence and case detection likely contribute to these differences, policy-related factors, including access to abortion, may play important roles. Our goal was to assess perspectives on, and access to, abortion in Latin America in the context of the Zika epidemic...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742583/adjunct-ketamine-use-in-the-management-of-severe-ethanol-withdrawal
#4
Anthony F Pizon, Michael J Lynch, Neal J Benedict, Joseph H Yanta, Adam Frisch, Nathan B Menke, Greg S Swartzentruber, Andrew M King, Michael G Abesamis, Sandra L Kane-Gill
OBJECTIVES: Ketamine offers a plausible mechanism with favorable kinetics in treatment of severe ethanol withdrawal. The purpose of this study is to determine if a treatment guideline using an adjunctive ketamine infusion improves outcomes in patients suffering from severe ethanol withdrawal. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Patients admitted to the ICU and diagnosed with delirium tremens by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V criteria...
May 8, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739648/prognostic-value-of-decision-criteria-for-emergency-liver-transplantation-in-patients-with-wild-mushroom-induced-acute-liver-injury
#5
Youn-Jung Kim, Hyung Joo Lee, Seung Mok Ryoo, Shin Ahn, Chang Hwan Sohn, Dong-Woo Seo, Kyoung Soo Lim, Won Young Kim
BACKGROUND: The reported mortality rate of mushroom-induced acute liver failure with conventional treatment is 1.4-16.9%. Emergency liver transplantation may be indicated and can be the only curative treatment option. This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of criteria for emergency liver transplantation in predicting 28-day mortality in patients with mushroom-induced acute liver injury. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed between January 2005 and December 2015...
March 30, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735790/comparison-of-dynamic-changes-among-various-prognostic-scores-in-viral-hepatitis-related-acute-liver-failure
#6
Shalimar -, Ujjwal Sonika, Saurabh Kedia, Soumya J Mahapatra, Baibaswata Nayak, Dawesh P Yadav, Deepak Gunjan, Bhaskar Thakur, Harpreet Kaur, Subrat K Acharya
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Multiple prognostic scores are available for acute liver failure (ALF). Our objective was to compare the dynamicity of model for end stage liver disease (MELD), MELD-sodium, acute liver failure early dynamic model (ALFED), chronic liver failure (CLIF)-consortium ACLF score and King's College Hospital Criteria (KCH) for predicting outcome in ALF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients with ALF at a tertiary care centre in India were included...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729716/diffuse-type-gastric-mucinous-and-signet-ring-cell-adenocarcinoma-in-a-captive-california-king-snake-lampropeltis-getula-californiae
#7
C-S Hsueh, W-T Li, C-R Jeng, V F Pang, H-W Chang
An adult female California king snake (Lampropeltis getula californiae) housed in Taipei Zoo was presented with a 2-week history of anorexia, fatigue and abdominal swelling. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a gastric mass with two circular perforations and multiple mottled white to beige protuberances along the mucosal surface. Histologically, the gastric mass showed an invasive, transmural growth of epithelial cells arranged in nests, lobules, acini and sheets in the mucosa and submucosa that progressively transformed into signet ring cells in the muscularis externa and subserosa...
April 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707562/the-clinical-utility-of-lung-clearance-index-in-early-cystic-fibrosis-lung-disease-is-not-impacted-by-the-number-of-multiple-breath-washout-trials
#8
Rachel E Foong, Alana J Harper, Billy Skoric, Louise King, Lidija Turkovic, Miriam Davis, Charles C Clem, Tim Rosenow, Stephanie D Davis, Sarath Ranganathan, Graham L Hall, Kathryn A Ramsey
The lung clearance index (LCI) from the multiple-breath washout (MBW) test is a promising surveillance tool for pre-school children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Current guidelines for MBW testing recommend that three acceptable trials are required. However, success rates to achieve these criteria are low in children aged <7 years and feasibility may improve with modified pre-school criteria that accepts tests with two acceptable trials. This study aimed to determine if relationships between LCI and clinical outcomes of CF lung disease differ when only two acceptable MBW trials are assessed...
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698902/patient-outcomes-associated-with-primary-care-behavioral-health-services-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Kyle Possemato, Emily M Johnson, Gregory P Beehler, Robyn L Shepardson, Paul King, Christina L Vair, Jennifer S Funderburk, Stephen A Maisto, Laura O Wray
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review focused on Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) services delivered under normal clinic conditions that included the patient outcomes of: 1) access/utilization of behavioral health services, 2) health status, and 3) satisfaction. METHOD: Following PRISMA guidelines, comprehensive database searches and rigorous coding procedures rendered 36 articles meeting inclusion criteria. The principle summary measures of odd ratios or Cohen's d effect sizes were reported...
April 18, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682252/dental-unit-wastewater-a-current-environmental-problem-a-sistematic-review
#10
REVIEW
M E Cataldi, S Al Rakayan, C Arcuri, R Condò
The dental unit waters are divided in two different groups, because of their chemical and microbial composition proprieties: in the first there is the "incoming dental unit water", drinking water that arrived directly in the dental chair unit through the municipal water system; in the second there is the "waste water", that represents the whole dental unit waste water. Regarding the lack of a complete systematic review on the quality of dental unit wastewater, the aim of the current research was to systematically study the incoming dental unit water and the waste one, focusing the attention on the problem of the wastewater contamination and its regulations...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675062/indications-retrieval-rate-and-complications-of-inferior-vena-cava-filters-single-center-experience-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Abdullah Bin Shabib, Fahad Alsayed, Saad Aldughaythir, Hanan Habeeb, Sumayyah Al Tamimi, Emad Masuadi, Mohsen Alzahrani, Ali Alaklabi, Azzam Alotaibi, Rajkumar Rajendram, Mosaad Almegren
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is indicated in patients with acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) in whom therapeutic anticoagulation is contraindicated. While prophylactic insertion of an IVC filter may be considered for patients at high risk of VTE, there are significant differences between clinical guidelines on the role of IVC filters. These discrepancies have arisen predominantly because of the paucity of data on the efficacy and safety of IVC filters. We, therefore, evaluated the indications for filter insertion, the rate of filter retrieval and complications in patients who received IVC filters at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617548/calculated-decisions-king-s-college-criteria-for-acetaminophen-toxicity
#12
Vincent Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605072/prognostic-models-in-acute-liver-failure
#13
REVIEW
Avantika Mishra, Vinod Rustgi
There is a strong imperative to develop valid and accurate prognostic modeling for acute liver failure (ALF). Despite the numerous clinical models that have been proposed thus far and the use of some such models, that is, King's College Criteria and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease, in clinical practice to aid decision-making, there is a significant need for improvement for determining patients' clinical course, survival, and requirement for liver transplantation. Future prognostic models shall need a stronger statistical foundation and accountability for time and variability in the clinical course of ALF and be applied for pretransplant and posttransplant outcomes...
May 2018: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603281/association-of-energy-and-protein-delivery-on-skeletal-muscle-mass-changes-in-critically-ill-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Kate J Lambell, Susannah J King, Adrienne K Forsyth, Audrey C Tierney
Critically ill patients experience significant and rapid loss of skeletal muscle mass, which has been associated with negative clinical outcomes. The aetiology of muscle wasting is multifactorial and nutrition delivery may play a role. A systematic literature review was conducted to examine the association of energy and/or protein provision on changes in skeletal muscle mass in critically ill patients. Key databases were searched up until March 2016 to identify studies that measured skeletal muscle mass and/or total body protein (TBP) at 2 or more time points during acute critical illness (up to 2 weeks after an intensive care unit [ICU] stay)...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588595/the-impact-of-a-combined-intervention-program-an-educational-and-clinical-pharmacist-s-intervention-to-improve-prescribing-pattern-in-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-at-king-abdulaziz-medical-city-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#15
Muath Fahmi Najjar, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Majed Al Jeraisy, Hashim Balubaid
Background: There is a difference between evidence-based guidelines for geriatric patients and clinical practice of physicians. Prescribing potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) can be attributed to the fact that many physicians are not aware of PIMs usage. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a combined intervention program comprising an educational and clinical pharmacist intervention to reduce the incidence of PIMs among hospitalized geriatric patients...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579831/acute-liver-failure-induced-by-carthamus-tinctorius-oil-case-reports-and-literature-review
#16
E C de Ataide, S Reges Perales, M A de Oliveira Peres, L Bastos Eloy da Costa, F Quarella, F G Valerini, F Chueiri Neto, R Silveira Bello Stucchi, I de Fátima Santana Ferreira Boin
BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a clinical syndrome that results from the abrupt loss of liver function in a patient without previous liver disease. The most frequent causes are viral hepatitis, drug induced, and autoimmune disease, but in 20% of cases no cause is identified. Carthamus tinctorius (safflower) oil is used as a dietary supplement for weight loss and antioxidant. There are 4 cases described in the literature of ALF induced by the use of this substance. The objective of this study was to report 3 cases of ALF treated at the Clinical Hospital of the State University of Campinas that suggest the use of C tinctorius oil as a probable etiologic factor...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555989/prospective-evaluation-of-plasma-epstein-barr-virus-dna-clearance-and-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-scan-in-assessing-early-response-to-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-advanced-or-recurrent-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#17
Brigette Ma, Edwin P Hui, Ann King, Sing F Leung, Michael Km Kam, Frankie Mo, Leung Li, Ki Wang, Herbert Loong, Ashley Wong, Charles Ml Chan, K C Allen Chan, S C Cesar Wong, Y M Dennis Lo, Anthony Tc Chan
BACKGROUND: Plasma Epstein-Barr virus (pEBV) DNA and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission (PET) reflect tumour burden in advanced NPC. This study hypothesised that a dual endpoint based on assessing pEBV DNA clearance and PET response could predict early drug response. METHODS: Eligible patients underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan and dual PET-CT at baseline, a PET-CT at 4 weeks, and then a CT scan at 10 weeks after starting palliative or induction chemotherapy...
March 20, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551402/systematic-review-of-professional-liability-when-prescribing-beta-lactams-for-patients-with-a-known-penicillin-allergy
#18
REVIEW
Meghan N Jeffres, Elizabeth A Hall-Lipsy, S Travis King, John D Cleary
OBJECTIVE: To describe medical negligence and malpractice cases in which a patient with a known penicillin allergy received a beta-lactam and experienced an adverse reaction related to the beta-lactam. DATA SOURCES: Lexis-Nexus, Westlaw, and Google Scholar were searched. STUDY SELECTIONS: Medical negligence and malpractice cases were eligible for inclusion if they met the following criteria: the plaintiff had a known penicillin allergy, received a beta-lactam, and experienced an adverse event...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549075/medication-adherence-apps-review-and-content-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Imran Ahmed, Niall Safir Ahmad, Shahnaz Ali, Shair Ali, Anju George, Hiba Saleem Danish, Encarl Uppal, James Soo, Mohammad H Mobasheri, Dominic King, Benita Cox, Ara Darzi
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is an expensive and damaging problem for patients and health care providers. Patients adhere to only 50% of drugs prescribed for chronic diseases in developed nations. Digital health has paved the way for innovative smartphone solutions to tackle this challenge. However, despite numerous apps available claiming to improve adherence, a thorough review of adherence apps has not been carried out to date. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) review medication adherence apps available in app repositories in terms of their evidence base, medical professional involvement in development, and strategies used to facilitate behavior change and improve adherence and (2) provide a system of classification for these apps...
March 16, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543301/hysteroscopy-as-an-investigation-tool-in-recurrent-implantation-failure-in-vitro-fertilization
#20
Haifa A Al-Turki
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of hysteroscopy in the assessment of uterine pathologies in infertile women with repeated implantation failure (RIF) after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and determine whether removal of such pathologies increased pregnancy rates in women with RIF. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between January 2010 and December 2015. The inclusion criteria were women who underwent IVF treatment cycles and ended in more than 2 RIF, and women who underwent hysterosalpingography (HSG)...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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