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Sydney Webb Strickland, Nicole Brimer, Charles Lyons, Scott B Vande Pol
HPV E6 oncoproteins associate with cellular PDZ proteins. In addition to previously identified cellular PDZ proteins, we found association of the HPV16 E6 PBM with the Dystrophin Glycoprotein Complex, LRCC1, and SLC9A3R2. HPV18 E6 had additional associations when lysates from adenomatous cell lines were used including LRPPRC, RLGAPB, EIF3A, SMC2 and 3, AMOT, AMOTL1, and ARHGEF1; some of these cellular PDZ proteins are implicated in the regulation of the YAP1 transcriptional co-activator. In keratinocytes, nuclear translocation of YAP1 was promoted by the complete HPV-16 genome, or by expression of the individual E6 or E7 oncoproteins; the activity of E6 required an intact PBM at the carboxy-terminus...
March 2018: Virology
Elizabeth K Marsh, Craig P Delury, Nicholas J Davies, Christopher J Weston, Mohammed A L Miah, Lawrence Banks, Joanna L Parish, Martin R Higgs, Sally Roberts
The function of a conserved PDS95/DLG1/ZO1 (PDZ) binding motif (E6 PBM) at the C-termini of E6 oncoproteins of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types contributes to the development of HPV-associated malignancies. Here, using a primary human keratinocyte-based model of the high-risk HPV18 life cycle, we identify a novel link between the E6 PBM and mitotic stability. In cultures containing a mutant genome in which the E6 PBM was deleted there was an increase in the frequency of abnormal mitoses, including multinucleation, compared to cells harboring the wild type HPV18 genome...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Ketaki Ganti, Paola Massimi, Joaquin Manzo-Merino, Vjekoslav Tomaić, David Pim, Martin P Playford, Marcela Lizano, Sally Roberts, Christian Kranjec, John Doorbar, Lawrence Banks
A subset of high-risk Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the causative agents of a large number of human cancers, of which cervical is the most common. Two viral oncoproteins, E6 and E7, contribute directly towards the development and maintenance of malignancy. A characteristic feature of the E6 oncoproteins from cancer-causing HPV types is the presence of a PDZ binding motif (PBM) at its C-terminus, which confers interaction with cellular proteins harbouring PDZ domains. Here we show that this motif allows E6 interaction with Sorting Nexin 27 (SNX27), an essential component of endosomal recycling pathways...
September 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Yu-Shi Tian, Norihito Kawashita, Yuki Arai, Kousuke Okamoto, Tatsuya Takagi
High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are known to cause cervical cancer. Vaccines are now available to prevent HPV infection. However, a clinically approved drug is yet not available to treat HPV. The PDZ(PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1)-binding motif (PBM) in the E6 protein of HPVs targets the PDZ domain (known to be associated with oncogenesis) for degradation. Therefore, it is of interest to study PBM-PDZ interaction towards its possible inhibition with a potential inhibitor. Thus, four pharmocophore models of PBM-PDZ complex were developed...
2015: Bioinformation
Ketaki Ganti, Justyna Broniarczyk, Wiem Manoubi, Paola Massimi, Suruchi Mittal, David Pim, Anita Szalmas, Jayashree Thatte, Miranda Thomas, Vjekoslav Tomaić, Lawrence Banks
Cancer-causing HPV E6 oncoproteins are characterized by the presence of a PDZ binding motif (PBM) at their extreme carboxy terminus. It was long thought that this region of E6 had a sole function to confer interaction with a defined set of cellular substrates. However, more recent studies have shown that the E6 PBM has a complex pattern of regulation, whereby phosphorylation within the PBM can regulate interaction with two classes of cellular proteins: those containing PDZ domains and the members of the 14-3-3 family of proteins...
July 2015: Viruses
Siaw Shi Boon, Vjekoslav Tomaić, Miranda Thomas, Sally Roberts, Lawrence Banks
UNLABELLED: Previous studies have shown that the cancer-causing high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 oncoproteins have PDZ binding potential, an activity which is important for their ability to support the viral life cycle and to cooperate in the induction of malignancy. However, PDZ interactions are not constitutive, and they can be negatively regulated by phosphorylation within the E6 PDZ binding motif (PBM). In this study, we have investigated the differential regulation of the HPV E6 PBMs from diverse high-risk HPV types...
February 2015: Journal of Virology
Craig P Delury, Elizabeth K Marsh, Claire D James, Siaw Shi Boon, Lawrence Banks, Gillian L Knight, Sally Roberts
Human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 proteins of high-risk alpha types target a select group of PSD95/DLG1/ZO1 (PDZ) domain-containing proteins by using a C-terminal PDZ-binding motif (PBM), an interaction that can be negatively regulated by phosphorylation of the E6 PBM by protein kinase A (PKA). Here, we have mutated the canonical PKA recognition motif that partially overlaps with the E6 PBM in the HPV18 genome (E6153PKA) and compared the effect of this mutation on the HPVl8 life cycle in primary keratinocytes with the wild-type genome and with a second mutant genome that lacks the E6 PBM (E6ΔPDZ)...
September 2013: Journal of Virology
Siaw Shi Boon, Lawrence Banks
Cervical cancer develops through the combined activities of the human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 and E7 oncoproteins. A defining characteristic of E6 oncoproteins derived from cancer-causing HPV types is the presence of a PDZ binding motif (PBM) at the extreme carboxy terminus of the protein which is absent from E6 proteins derived from the so-called low-risk HPV types. Within this PBM is also a protein kinase A (PKA) phospho-acceptor site, which is thought to negatively regulate the association of E6 with its PDZ domain-containing substrates...
February 2013: Journal of Virology
Ronald T Javier, Andrew P Rice
More than a decade ago, three viral oncoproteins, adenovirus type 9 E4-ORF1, human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 Tax, and high-risk human papillomavirus E6, were found to encode a related carboxyl-terminal PDZ domain-binding motif (PBM) that mediates interactions with a select group of cellular PDZ proteins. Recent studies have shown that many other viruses also encode PBM-containing proteins that bind to cellular PDZ proteins. Interestingly, these recently recognized viruses include not only some with oncogenic potential (hepatitis B virus, rhesus papillomavirus, cottontail rabbit papillomavirus) but also many without this potential (influenza virus, Dengue virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus, rabies virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, human immunodeficiency virus)...
November 2011: Journal of Virology
Tomoya Aoyagi, Masahiko Takahashi, Masaya Higuchi, Masayasu Oie, Yuetsu Tanaka, Tohru Kiyono, Yutaka Aoyagi, Masahiro Fujii
Several tumor viruses, such as human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV), human papilloma virus (HPV), human adenovirus, have high-oncogenic and low-oncogenic subtypes, and such subtype-specific oncogenesis is associated with the PDZ-domain binding motif (PBM) in their transforming proteins. HTLV-1, the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia, encodes Tax1 with PBM as a transforming protein. The Tax1 PBM was substituted with those from other oncoviruses, and the transforming activity was examined. Tax1 mutants with PBM from either HPV-16 E6 or adenovirus type 9 E4ORF1 are fully active in the transformation of a mouse T-cell line from interleukin-2-dependent growth into independent growth...
April 2010: Virus Genes
R T Javier
Loss of polarity and disruption of cell junctions are common features of epithelial-derived cancer cells, and mounting evidence indicates that such defects have a direct function in the pathology of cancer. Supporting this idea, results with several different human tumor viruses indicate that their oncogenic potential depends in part on a common ability to inactivate key cell polarity proteins. For example, adenovirus (Ad) type 9 is unique among human Ads by causing exclusively estrogen-dependent mammary tumors in experimental animals and in having E4 region-encoded open reading frame 1 (E4-ORF1) as its primary oncogenic determinant...
November 24, 2008: Oncogene
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