keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-vertebral Fractures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727717/percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-primary-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-thoracic-spine-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Pu Jia, JinJun Li, Hao Chen, Li Bao, Fei Feng, Hai Tang
Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the vertebra is rare in the spine of the elderly. The clinical presentation and radiological features are unspecific, which make it more difficult for diagnosis. We report a case of a 79-year-old woman complaining of serious backache without any injury. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed invasion of the fifth thoracic vertebra with the posterior vertebral body wall defect. There was a high suspicion that the patient had a metastatic tumor of the vertebra. A percutaneous vertebroplasty was performed under fluoroscopic guidance, which was used to treat the osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, vertebral metastases, verte-bral hemangioma, and multiple myeloma...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722766/comparative-analysis-of-the-radiology-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-in-women-and-men-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-observations-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-camos
#2
Brian C Lentle, Claudie Berger, Linda Probyn, Jacques P Brown, Lisa Langsetmo, Ben Fine, Kevin Lian, Arvind K Shergill, Jacques Trollip, Stuart Jackson, William D Leslie, Jerilynn C Prior, Stephanie M Kaiser, David A Hanley, Jonathan D Adachi, Tanveer Towheed, K Shawn Davison, Angela M Cheung, David Goltzman
We compared two methods for osteoporotic vertebral fracture (VF) assessment on lateral spine radiographs, the Genant semi-quantitative (GSQ) technique and a modified algorithm-based qualitative (mABQ) approach. We evaluated 4465 women and 1771 men > 50 years old from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study with available X-ray images at baseline. Observer agreement was lowest for grade 1 VFs determined by GSQ. Among physician readers, agreement was greater for VFs diagnosed by mABQ [ranging from 0...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720988/non-surgical-management-of-acute-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fracture-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Bhavuk Garg, Vivek Dixit, Sahil Batra, Rajesh Malhotra, Alok Sharan
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem. Last decade has seen rise in osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Pragmatic management of osteoporotic VCF is challenging to the surgeons. In clinical settings, the situation becomes more complex when it comes to managing painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) due to various co-morbid factors that may limit aggressive interventions. Patients with Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are often characterized by general/relative immobility and physical frailty...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719143/osteoporotic-vertebral-fracture-prevalence-varies-widely-between-radiological-assessment-methods-the-rotterdam-study
#4
L Oei, F Koromani, S J Breda, J T Schousboe, E M Clark, Jbj van Meurs, M A Ikram, J H Waarsing, Fja van Rooij, M C Zillikens, G P Krestin, Ehg Oei, F Rivadeneira
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of vertebral osteoporotic fractures is crucial for the identification of individuals at high risk of future fractures. Different methods for radiological assessment of vertebral fractures exist, but a gold standard is lacking. The aim of our study was to estimate statistical measures of agreement and prevalence of osteoporotic vertebral fractures in the population-based Rotterdam Study, across the two most commonly applied assessment methods. METHODS: The quantitative morphometry (QM) method, evaluates vertebral height loss that affects vertebral shape whereas the algorithm based qualitative (ABQ) method judges endplate integrity and includes guidelines for the differentiation of vertebral fracture and non- fracture deformities...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717402/fracture-liaison-services-do-they-reduce-fracture-rates
#5
REVIEW
Irma J A de Bruin, Caroline E Wyers, Joop P W van den Bergh, Piet P M M Geusens
The fracture liaison service (FLS) care is considered the most appropriate organizational approach for secondary fracture prevention. We performed a literature search to evaluate to what extent the introduction of a FLS reduced subsequent fracture rates. We identified five studies that compared subsequent fracture rates. These studies varied in study design, proportion of women, baseline and subsequent fracture type [vertebral fracture (VF), non-VF (NVF) or hip fractures], duration of follow-up, response rates of attending the FLS, as well as variables included in adjusted analyses (age, sex, baseline fracture, time dependency)...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716553/regional-analysis-of-age-related-local-bone-loss-in-the-spine-of-a-healthy-population-using-3d-voxel-based-modeling
#6
Alexander Valentinitsch, Stefano Trebeschi, Eva Alarcón, Thomas Baum, Johannes Kaesmacher, Claus Zimmer, Cristian Lorenz, Jan S Kirschke
Local variations in bone loss may be of great importance to individually predict osteoporotic fractures but are neglected by current densitometry techniques. The purpose of this study was to evaluate regional variations of normal bone loss at the spine among different age groups using voxel-based morphometry. Non-contrast MDCT scans of 16 patients under the age of 40 (mean age 26years) without spinal pathology were identified as a reference cohort, where each thoracolumbar vertebra was assessed individually...
July 14, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713528/the-double-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-an-innovative-one-stage-surgical-technique-for-posterior-kyphosis-correction
#7
Marcus Jäger, Tjark Tassemeier
Posttraumatic deformities after vertebral fractures are challenging for orthopedic surgeons in the non-operative and operative field. Especially osteoporotic fractures may cause a hyperkyphosis resulting in segmental or global sagittal imbalance and chronic back pain. Different vertebral osteotomies are potent to restore sagittal profile but show a very high perioperative risk including neurological and soft tissue complications. In addition, some of these extensive operations require a two-step procedure including posterior and anterior approaches...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677166/prediction-of-fractures-and-major-cardiovascular-events-in-men-using-serum-osteoprotegerin-levels-the-prospective-strambo-study
#8
Pawel Szulc, Roland Chapurlat, Lorenz C Hofbauer
Fragility fractures and cardiovascular diseases often coincide. However, data on shared risk factors and markers are scarce. Our aim was to assess the independent associations of serum osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels with the risk of fracture and cardiovascular outcomes (acute coronary syndrome, cardiac death) in older men. A cohort of 819 home-dwelling men aged 60-87 was followed prospectively for 8 years. Serum OPG was measured at baseline by ELISA. Bone mineral density (BMD) at femoral neck and Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) were assessed by DXA...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673738/chronic-use-of-low-dose-aspirin-is-not-associated-with-lower-bone-mineral-density-in-the-general-population
#9
T N Bonten, R de Mutsert, F R Rosendaal, J W Jukema, J G van der Bom, R T de Jongh, M den Heijer
BACKGROUND: Low-dose aspirin is the cornerstone of secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Previous studies suggested that the use of aspirin is associated with an increased fracture risk. However, there is uncertainty whether this is due to an effect of aspirin on bone mineral density (BMD). METHODS: Between 2008 and 2012, information on medication use and dual X-ray absorptiometry measured vertebral and femoral BMD of 916 participants was collected in the Netherland Epidemiology of Obesity study...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670403/risk-factors-for-failure-of-nonoperative-treatment-for-unilateral-cervical-facet-fractures
#10
Carola Francisca van Eck, Mitchell Stephen Fourman, Amir Mohamad Abtahi, Louis Alarcon, William Fielding Donaldson, Joon Yung Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine what percentage of patients who underwent nonoperative management of unilateral non-displaced or minimally displaced facet fractures progressed radiographically and to determine what percentage of patients required surgical intervention and to identify risk factors for failure of conservative management. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: According to most commonly used classification systems, unilateral, non-and minimally displaced facet fractures are be amendable to nonoperative management...
June 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642974/abdominal-aortic-calcification-and-the-risk-of-bone-fractures-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#11
Dailin Wei, Guanlin Zheng, Yun Gao, Jinying Guo, Tie Zhang
The relationship between abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) and bone fracture has been examined by some observational studies, but the results remain discordant. Therefore, we aimed to assess the link between them by conducting a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and EMBASE databases until the end of December 2016. Summary relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between AAC and fracture risk were estimated with fixed- or random- effects models...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641907/is-fusion-superior-to-non-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Tao Lan, Yang Chen, Shi-Yu Hu, Ao-Lin Li, Xin-Jian Yang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety between patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture who underwent posterior fixation alone (non-fusion) and supplemented with fusion. METHODS: A comprehensive search of related literature was performed in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library. Clinical outcomes (LBOS and VAS), surgical outcomes (operation time, blood loss, hospital stay and perioperative complications), and radiographic outcomes (kyphotic angle, decreased vertebral body height and segmental motion) were assessed in the meta-analysis...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640091/comparison-of-radiofrequency-kyphoplasty-rfk-and-balloon-kyphoplasty-bkp-in-the-treatment-of-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Lei Feng, Jin-Ming Shen, Chun Feng, Jie Chen, Yu Wu
BACKGROUND: Balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) is a widely adopted minimally invasive treatment for vertebral compression fractures (VCFs), but leakage of cement is a main complication of BKP. A novel vertebral augmentation technique radiofrequency kyphoplasty (RFK) with high viscosity cement was developed in 2009. Here, we aim to evaluate whether RFK can relieve symptoms efficiently and reduce cement leakage. METHODS: A literature search was performed using Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL until September 30, 2016...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629871/a-review-of-patterns-of-practice-and-clinical-guidelines-in-the-palliative-radiation-treatment-of-uncomplicated-bone-metastases
#14
REVIEW
Vithusha Ganesh, Stephanie Chan, Srinivas Raman, Ronald Chow, Peter Hoskin, Henry Lam, Bo Angela Wan, Leah Drost, Carlo DeAngelis, Edward Chow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Single fraction radiation treatment (SFRT) is recommended for its equivalence to multiple-fraction (MF) RT in the palliation of uncomplicated bone metastases (BM). However, adoption of SFRT has been slow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature searches for studies published following 2014 were conducted using online repositories of gray literature, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase and Embase Classic, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases...
June 16, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611110/the-liftmor-m-lifting-intervention-for-training-muscle-and-osteoporosis-rehabilitation-for-men-trial-protocol-for-a-semirandomised-controlled-trial-of-supervised-targeted-exercise-to-reduce-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-older-men-with-low-bone-mass
#15
Amy T Harding, Benjamin K Weeks, Steven L Watson, Belinda R Beck
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of the proposed study is to examine the efficacy of an 8-month supervised, high-intensity progressive resistance training and impact loading programme in comparison with a supervised machine-based isometric exercise training programme using the bioDensity system in older men with low bone mass. We will also determine the safety and acceptability of each exercise training mode. Intervention group responses will be compared with those of a self-selected, non-randomised control sample of sex-matched and age-matched men who will follow their usual lifestyle activities for 8 months...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593447/predictors-of-near-term-fracture-in-osteoporotic-women-aged-%C3%A2-65%C3%A2-years-based-on-data-from-the-study-of-osteoporotic-fractures
#16
D Weycker, J Edelsberg, R Barron, M Atwood, G Oster, D B Crittenden, A Grauer
Using data from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF), several clinical characteristics predictive of near-term (1-year) risk of hip and non-vertebral fracture among elderly osteoporotic women were identified, and a subset of those for hip fracture was incorporated into a risk assessment tool. Additional research is needed to validate study findings. INTRODUCTION: While several risk factors are known to contribute to long-term fracture risk in women with osteoporosis, factors predicting fracture risk over a shorter time horizon, such as over a 1-year period, are less well-established...
June 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585054/the-effects-of-person-centered-or-other-supportive-interventions-in-older-women-with-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
H K Svensson, L -E Olsson, T Hansson, J Karlsson, E Hansson-Olofsson
Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is a common fragility fracture and the starting point of a lasting, painful, disabling condition. The aim was to summarize evidence of person-centered/non-medical interventions supporting women with VCF. Results show small numbers of studies with only probable effect on function, pain, QoL, fear of falling, and psychological symptoms. The vertebral compression fracture (VCF) caused by osteoporosis is the third most common fragility fracture worldwide. Previously, it was believed that the pain caused by VCF was self-subsiding within weeks or a few months post-fracture...
June 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580386/hospitalizations-for-osteoporosis-related-fractures-economic-costs-and-clinical-outcomes
#18
Derek Weycker, Xiaoyan Li, Rich Barron, Rebecca Bornheimer, David Chandler
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic fractures frequently require inpatient care, and are associated with elevated risks of morbidity, mortality, and re-hospitalization. A comprehensive evaluation of healthcare costs, resource utilization, and outcomes associated with osteoporosis (OP)-related fractures treated in US hospitals was undertaken. METHODS: A retrospective analysis using the Premier Perspective Database (2010 - 2013) was conducted. Study population comprised patients aged ≥ 50 years hospitalized with a principal diagnosis of a closed or pathologic fracture commonly associated with OP; the first qualifying hospitalization was designated the "index admission"...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560474/vertebral-fracture-in-postmenopausal-chinese-women-a-population-based-study
#19
L Cui, L Chen, W Xia, Y Jiang, L Cui, W Huang, W Wang, X Wang, Y Pei, X Zheng, Q Wang, Z Ning, M Li, O Wang, X Xing, Q Lin, W Yu, X Weng, L Xu, S R Cummings
In a random sample of postmenopausal Chinese women, the prevalence of radiographic vertebral fractures increased from 13% between ages 50 and 59 to over 50% after age 80 years. A model with seven clinical risk factors predicted the probability of vertebral fractures as well with as without BMD and better than a model with only three risk factors. More than half an hour of outdoor activity per day might correlate with lower risk of vertebral fracture in this population. INTRODUCTION: We aimed to describe the prevalence and develop a model for prediction of radiographic vertebral fractures in a large random sample of postmenopausal Chinese women...
May 30, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546097/10-years-of-denosumab-treatment-in-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis-results-from-the-phase-3-randomised-freedom-trial-and-open-label-extension
#20
Henry G Bone, Rachel B Wagman, Maria L Brandi, Jacques P Brown, Roland Chapurlat, Steven R Cummings, Edward Czerwiński, Astrid Fahrleitner-Pammer, David L Kendler, Kurt Lippuner, Jean-Yves Reginster, Christian Roux, Jorge Malouf, Michelle N Bradley, Nadia S Daizadeh, Andrea Wang, Paula Dakin, Nicola Pannacciulli, David W Dempster, Socrates Papapoulos
BACKGROUND: Long-term safety and efficacy of osteoporosis treatment are important because of the chronic nature of the disease. We aimed to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of denosumab, which is widely used for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. METHODS: In the multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 FREEDOM trial, postmenopausal women aged 60-90 years with osteoporosis were enrolled in 214 centres in North America, Europe, Latin America, and Australasia and were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 60 mg subcutaneous denosumab or placebo every 6 months for 3 years...
July 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
89801
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"