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Ga Won Yim, Hee Jung Kim, Lee Kyung Kim, Sang Wun Kim, Sunghoon Kim, Eun Ji Nam, Young Tae Kim
Purpose: The biological function of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is only partially understood; therefore, in this study, we investigated the expression of the novel HOXA11 antisense (HOXA11as) lncRNA and its oncogenic role in serous ovarian cancer (SOC). Materials and Methods: HOXA11as expression was examined in 129 serous ovarian cancer tissue samples by real time RT-PCR. Clinicopathological factors and patient survival were compared between the high (N = 27) and low HOXA11as expression group (N = 102)...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Leen Bussche, Gat Rauner, Marc Antonyak, Bethany Syracuse, Melissa McDowell, Anthony M C Brown, Richard A Cerione, Gerlinde R Van de Walle
Signaling mechanisms that regulate mammary stem/progenitor cell (MaSC) self-renewal are essential for developmental changes that occur in the mammary gland during pregnancy, lactation, and involution. We observed that equine MaSCs (eMaSCs) maintain their growth potential in culture for an indefinite period, whereas canine MaSCs (cMaSCs) lose their growth potential in long term cultures. We then used this system to investigate the role of microvesicles (MVs) in promoting self-renewal properties. We found that Wnt3a and Wnt1 were expressed at higher levels in MVs isolated from eMaSCs compared with those from cMaSCs...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Xia Yang, Jian-Ning Lv, Hui Li, Bo Jiao, Qiu-Hong Zhang, Yong Zhang, Jie Zhang, Yan-Qin Liu, Ming Zhang, Hu Shan, Jin-Zhao Zhang, Run-Miao Wu, Ya-Li Li
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory, heterogeneous airway disease affecting millions of people around the world. Curcumin has been found to have anti-inflammatory and antifibrosis effects. Researchers reported that curcumin regulated Wnt/β-catenin signaling in lots of cells. However, whether curcumin regulates the levels of Wnt/β-Catenin signaling in lung tissues and DCs (dendritic cells) remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the effects of curcumin on DCs and asthma...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Y J Yang, Z B Li, G R Zhang, L J Wu, J Y Yu, L J Hu, Y L Zhou, H D Wang, D Liang
Biological changes in Snail-overexpressed SGC7901 cells were studied by establishing a pEGFP-C1-Snail carrier. The significance of Snail in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) as well as the invasion and metastatic capacity of gastric cancer cells was also discussed; moreover, we attempted to verify the probable cancer stem cell characteristics of Snail-overexpressed cells. A pEGFP-C1-Snail eukaryotic expression plasmid was constructed and pEGFP-C1(-) and pEGFP-C1-Snail plasmids were extracted and transfected into SGC7901 cells using Lipofectamine 2000...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Linli Zhou, Kun Yang, April Carpenter, Richard A Lang, Thomas Andl, Yuhang Zhang
Active Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the dermal papilla (DP) is required for postnatal hair cycling. In addition, maintenance of the hair-inducing ability of DP cells in vitro requires external addition of Wnt molecules. However, whether DP cells are a critical source of Wnt ligands and induce both autocrine and paracrine signaling cascades to promote adult hair follicle growth and regeneration remains elusive. To address this question, we generated an animal model that allows inducible ablation of Wntless (Wls), a transmembrane Wnt exporter protein, in CD133-positive (CD133+) DP cells...
October 1, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Lucía Rodríguez-Fernández, Iván Ferrer-Vicens, Concha García, Sara S Oltra, Rosa Zaragozá, Juan R Viña, Elena R García-Trevijano
Cleavage of adhesion proteins is the first step for physiological clearance of undesired cells during postlactational regression of the mammary gland, but also for cell migration in pathological states such as breast cancer. The intracellular Ca(2+)-dependent proteases, calpains (CAPNs), are known to cleave adhesion proteins. The isoform-specific function of CAPN1 and CAPN2 was explored and compared in two models of cell adhesion disruption: mice mammary gland during weaning-induced involution and breast cancer cell lines according to tumor subtype classification...
September 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Evangelos Tsiambas, Vasileios Ragos, Georgios Georgakopoulos, Dimitrios N Rigopoulos, Panagiotis P Fotiades, Antonios Chatziioannidis, Athanasios Stamatelopoulos, Georgios Vilaras, Andreas Karameris
PURPOSE: Deregulation of cell-to-cell adhesion molecules is a common and also critical genetic event in epithelial malignancies leading to an increasing metastatic potential. Among them, e-cadherin and catenins--especially α and β--, act as oncogenes during the carcinogenetic process affecting specific signaling transduction pathways (i.e. Wnt/ b-catenin). Concerning thyroid carcinoma, decreased or loss of expression in these proteins seems to affect the biological behavior of the neoplasm increasing its aggressiveness...
March 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
M Angeles Rabadán, Antonio Herrera, Lucia Fanlo, Susana Usieto, Carlos Carmona-Fontaine, Elias H Barriga, Roberto Mayor, Sebastián Pons, Elisa Martí
Delamination of neural crest (NC) cells is a bona fide physiological model of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process that is influenced by Wnt/β-catenin signalling. Using two in vivo models, we show that Wnt/β-catenin signalling is transiently inhibited at the time of NC delamination. In attempting to define the mechanism underlying this inhibition, we found that the scaffold proteins Dact1 and Dact2, which are expressed in pre-migratory NC cells, are required for NC delamination in Xenopus and chick embryos, whereas they do not affect the motile properties of migratory NC cells...
June 15, 2016: Development
Xia Liu, Yuwei Huang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Xiaohong Li, Chun Liu, Shen Huang, Dezhi Xu, Yang Wu, Xiaojuan Liu
T-cell factor 4 (TCF4) is an important transcription factor of the Wnt signaling system. β-catenin, an upstream protein of TCF4, accumulates in the cytoplasm, then translocates to the nucleus to activate the β-catenin/T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor (TCF/LEF) transcriptional machinery and regulates target genes. Previous studies showed that TCF4 was involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis. However, its expression and function in central nervous system injury are unclear. We performed a traumatic brain injury (TBI) model in adult rats...
August 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Keishi Adachi, Koji Tamada
Since 1981, cancer has been the leading cause of death in Japan, and its upward trend remains continuing until now. In 2013, approximately 365,000 Japanese died of cancer, and the ratio of the number of cancer-related deaths to the total number of deaths was 28.8%, implying that approximately 1 out of 3.5 deaths in Japan are caused by cancer. In recent years, immunotherapies are rapidly developed and recognized as an important anti-cancer treatment modality in addition to surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy...
February 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Ilona Zareba, Jerzy Palka
Prolidase is a cytosolic imidodipeptidase that specifically splits imidodipeptides with C-terminal proline or hydroxyproline. The enzyme plays an important role in the recycling of proline from imidodipeptides for resynthesis of collagen and other proline-containing proteins. The mechanism of prolidase-dependent regulation of collagen biosynthesis was found at both transcriptional and post-transcriptional level. The increase in the enzyme activity is due to its phosphorylation on serine/threonine residues. Prolidase-dependent transcriptional regulation of collagen biosynthesis was found at the level of NF-κB, known inhibitor of type I collagen gene expression...
July 8, 2016: BioFactors
Maria Lina Tornesello, Luigi Buonaguro, Francesco Izzo, Franco M Buonaguro
Chronic infections with hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C viruses (HCV) are the leading cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. Both viruses encode multifunctional regulatory proteins activating several oncogenic pathways, which induce accumulation of multiple genetic alterations in the infected hepatocytes. Gene mutations in HBV- and HCV-induced HCCs frequently impair the TP53, Wnt/b-catenin, RAS/RAF/MAPK kinase and AKT/mTOR pathways, which represent important anti-cancer targets. In this review, we highlight the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of primary liver cancer, with particular emphasis on the host genetic variations identified by high-throughput technologies...
May 3, 2016: Oncotarget
Pablo Fernández-Pernas, Juan Fafián-Labora, Iván Lesende-Rodriguez, Jesús Mateos, Alexandre De la Fuente, Isaac Fuentes, Javier De Toro Santos, Fco Blanco García, María C Arufe
Our group focuses on the study of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from human umbilical cord stroma or Warthońs jelly and their directed differentiation toward chondrocyte-like cells capable of regenerating damaged cartilage when transplanted into an injured joint. This study aimed to determine whether lactogenic hormone prolactin (PRL) or 3, 3', 5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3), the active thyroid hormone, modulates chondrogenesis in our in vitro model of directed chondrogenic differentiation, and whether Wnt signalling is involved in this modulation...
September 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
M K Bognar, M Vincendeau, T Erdmann, T Seeholzer, M Grau, J R Linnemann, J Ruland, C H Scheel, P Lenz, G Ott, G Lenz, S M Hauck, D Krappmann
Constitutive activation of the antiapoptotic nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway is a hallmark of the activated B-cell-like (ABC) subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). Recurrent oncogenic mutations are found in the scaffold protein CARMA1 (CARD11) that connects B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling to the canonical NF-κB pathway. We asked how far additional downstream processes are activated and contribute to the oncogenic potential of DLBCL-derived CARMA1 mutants. To this end, we expressed oncogenic CARMA1 in the NF-κB negative DLBCL lymphoma cell line BJAB...
August 11, 2016: Oncogene
Yi-Wei Wang, Mei-Ling Zhu, Rui-Fen Wang, Wen-Ji Xue, Xue-Ru Zhu, Li-Feng Wang, Lei-Zhen Zheng
Predicting lymph node metastasis (LNM) accurately is very important to decide treatment strategies preoperatively. The aim of this study was to explore risk factors that predict the presence of LNM in early gastric cancer (EGC). A total of 230 patients with EGC who underwent curative gastrectomy with lymph adenectomy at Xinhua Hospital from January 2006 to July 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. We studied the relationship between clinicopathological factors, biological markers (p53, ki67, nm23, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), E-cadherin (E-cad), beta-catenin (b-catenin), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and topoisomerase II (Topo II)), and LNM of EGC patients by chi-square test and logistic regression analysis...
July 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
E Yu Moskaleva, V G Perevozchikova, A S Zhirnik, S E Severin
In this review the recent data regarding the antitumor activity of niclosamide and the molecular mechanisms of its antitumor activity are presented. Niclosamide has been used in the clinic for the treatment of intestinal parasite infections. In recent years in several screening investigations of various drugs and chemical compounds niclosamide was identified as a potential anticancer agent. Niclosamide not only inhibits the Wnt/β-catenin, mTORC1, STAT3, NF-κB and Notch signaling pathways, but also targets mitochondria in cancer cells to induce growth inhibition and apoptosis...
November 2015: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
Afraa Mamoori, Vinod Gopalan, Robert Anthony Smith, Alfred King-Yin Lam
There are emerging data to suggest that microRNAs (miRNAs) have significant roles in regulating the function of normal cells and cancer stem cells (CSCs). This review aims to analyse the roles of miRNAs in the regulation of colon CSCs through their interaction with various signalling pathways. Studies showed a large number of miRNAs that are reported to be deregulated in colon CSCs. However, few of the studies available were able to outline the function of miRNAs in colon CSCs and uncover their signalling pathways...
March 2016: Biology of the Cell
Meysam Moghbeli, Ali Sadrizadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Forghanifard, Hooman Mosannen Mozaffari, Ebrahim Golmakani, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
Deregulation of developmental signaling pathways such as Wnt/b-catenin and NOTCH are commonly observed in different cancers. A normal wnt pathway is essential for development and tissue homeostasis to preserve a normal balance between the differentiation and proliferation. PYGO2 is the main transcription factor of wnt pathway, while Msi1 is one of the wnt inhibitors. In this study we assessed the correlation between Msi1 and PYGO2 mRNA expression using Real time polymerase chain reaction in 48 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients...
March 2016: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Wael Naboulsi, Dominik A Megger, Thilo Bracht, Michael Kohl, Michael Turewicz, Martin Eisenacher, Don Marvin Voss, Jörg F Schlaak, Andreas-Claudius Hoffmann, Frank Weber, Hideo A Baba, Helmut E Meyer, Barbara Sitek
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most aggressive tumors, and the treatment outcome of this disease is improved when the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage. This requires biomarkers allowing an accurate and early tumor diagnosis. To identify potential markers for such applications, we analyzed a patient cohort consisting of 50 patients (50 HCC and 50 adjacent nontumorous tissue samples as controls) using two independent proteomics approaches. We performed label-free discovery analysis on 19 HCC and corresponding tissue samples...
January 4, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Huizhi Wang, Mark W Graves, Huaxin Zhou, Zhen Gu, Richard J Lamont, David A Scott
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: To elucidate the influence of 2-amino-4-(3,4-(methylenedioxy)benzylamino)-6-(3-methoxyphenyl)pyrimidine (AMBMP), a canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway activator, on the inflammatory response of TLR-engaged innate cells in vitro. MATERIAL OR SUBJECT: Primary human monocytes. TREATMENT: AMPMB (0-10 μM), LPS (0-1.0 μg/ml), Pam3CSK4, FSL-1, or S. typhimurium flagellin (0-0.25 μg/ml). METHODS: TLR-induced cytokine release (TNF, IL-6, IL-12 p40) was monitored by ELISA while Wnt-related signals (GSK3β, p65, IκB, β-catenin) were assessed by Western blot, pharmaceutical inhibition and gene silencing...
January 2016: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
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