keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IIH

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903844/therapeutic-approaches-to-pediatric-pseudotumor-cerebri-new-insights-from-literature-data
#1
Giovanna Vitaliti, Piero Pavone, Nassim Matin, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Salvatore Cocuzza, Michele Vecchio, Luigi Maiolino, Paola Di Mauro, Angelo Conti, Riccardo Lubrano, Agostino Serra, Raffaele Falsaperla
The pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS), also known as idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), is characterized by signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure such as headache and cranial nerve palsies, in the absence of any space-occupying mass. This condition commonly affects overweight women of childbearing age, even if it is also frequent in men and children. Children with PTCS may present with atypical signs and symptoms, with a different prognosis compared to adults. However, the treatment is the same for both children and adults, even if there are no strict treatment guidelines in regards...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899037/a-comparison-of-hmgb1-concentrations-between-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-blood-in-patients-with-neurological-disease
#2
Lauren Elizabeth Walker, Michael Griffiths, Fiona McGill, Penelope Lewthwaite, Graeme John Sills, Andrea Jorgensen, Daniel James Antoine, Tom Solomon, Anthony Guy Marson, Munir Pirmohamed
AIMS: To determine whether a correlation exists between paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum levels of a novel inflammatory biomarker, HMGB1, in different neurological conditions. METHODS: HMGB1 was measured in the serum and CSF of 46 neurological patients (18 idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), 18 neurological infection/inflammation (NII) and 10 Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE)). RESULTS: Mean serum (± SD) HMGB1 levels were 1...
November 30, 2016: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894675/the-manifestation-of-vortical-and-secondary-flow-in-the-cerebral-venous-outflow-tract-an-in-vivo-mr-velocimetry-study
#3
Sarah Kefayati, Matthew Amans, Farshid Faraji, Megan Ballweber, Evan Kao, Sinyeob Ahn, Karl Meisel, Van Halbach, David Saloner
Aberrations in flow in the cerebral venous outflow tract (CVOT) have been implicated as the cause of several pathologic conditions including idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), multiple sclerosis (MS), and pulsatile tinnitus (PT). The advent of 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (4D-flow MRI) has recently allowed researchers to evaluate blood flow patterns in the arterial structures with great success. We utilized similar imaging techniques and found several distinct flow characteristics in the CVOT of subjects with and without lumenal irregularities...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886895/update-on-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Michael Wall
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of elevated intracranial pressure of unknown cause occurring predominantly in young women of childbearing age. The typical patient symptom profile is the presence of daily headache, pulse synchronous tinnitus, transient visual obscurations, and papilledema with its associated visual loss. Although surgical procedures are performed for those who fail medical therapy, their relative efficacy remains unclear. The main morbidity of IIH is from visual loss...
February 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830325/efficacy-complications-and-cost-of-surgical-interventions-for-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Aristotelis V Kalyvas, Mark Hughes, Christos Koutsarnakis, Demetrios Moris, Faidon Liakos, Damianos E Sakas, George Stranjalis, Ioannis Fouyas
BACKGROUND: To define the efficacy, complication profile and cost of surgical options for treating idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) with respect to the following endpoints: vision and headache improvement, normal CSF pressure restoration, papilloedema resolution, relapse rate, operative complications, cost of intervention and quality of life. METHODS: A systematic review of the surgical treatment of IIH was carried out. Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were systematically searched from 1985 to 2014 to identify all relevant manuscripts written in English...
November 9, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796553/cerebrospinal-fluid-csf-shunting-and-ventriculocisternostomy-etv-in-400-pediatric-patients-shifts-in-understanding-diagnostics-case-mix-and-surgical-management-during-half-a-century
#6
A Henriette Paulsen, Bernt J Due-Tønnessen, Tryggve Lundar, Karl-Fredrik Lindegaard
OBJECTIVE: To characterize shifts from the 1960s to the first decade in the 21st century as to diagnostics, case-mix, and surgical management of pediatric patients undergoing permanent CSF diversion procedures. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four patients below 15 years of age were the first time treated with CSF shunt or ETV for hydrocephalus or idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in 2009-2013. This represents our current practice. Our previously reported cohorts of shunted children 1967-1970 (n = 128) and 1985-1988 (n = 138) served as backgrounds for comparison...
October 29, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787461/temporary-lumbar-drain-as-treatment-for-pediatric-fulminant-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#7
Kim Jiramongkolchai, Edward G Buckley, M Tariq Bhatti, Carrie R Muh, Robert E Wiggins, Pawina Jiramongkolchai, Mays A El-Dairi
Fulminant idiopathic intracranial hypertension (FIIH) is a subtype of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) characterized by rapid, severe, progressive vision loss. Surgical intervention is often performed either as a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt procedure or an optic nerve sheath fenestration or, at times, both. These surgical procedures carry a significant risk of morbidity and failure. We present 2 patients in whom a temporary lumbar drain was successfully used in the management of medically undertreated pediatric FIIH, and circumvented the need for surgical intervention...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771521/clinical-value-of-the-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-diagnosing-adult-strangulated-inguinal-hernia
#8
Huanhao Zhou, Xiaojiao Ruan, Xia Shao, Xiaming Huang, Guan Fang, Xiaofeng Zheng
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of incarcerated inguinal hernia (IIH) is not difficult, but currently, there are no diagnostic criteria that can be used to differentiate it from strangulated inguinal hernia (SIH). This research aimed to evaluate the clinical value of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in diagnosing SIH. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 263 patients with IIH who had undergone emergency operation. The patients were divided into two groups according to IIH severity: group A, patients with pure IIH validated during operation as having no bowel ischemia; group B, patients with SIH validated during operation as having obvious bowel ischemia, including bowel necrosis...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771472/haplotype-analysis-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-chromosomes-reveals-heterogeneity-and-multiple-founders-in-ashkenazi-jews
#9
Adir Shaulov, Dvora Filon, Deborah Rund
α-Thalassemia (α-thal) is among the world's most common single gene disorders, generally attributed to a selective advantage of heterozygotes against malaria mortality. A high frequency of -α(3.7) deletion heterozygosity has been previously reported in Ashkenazi Jews despite lack of obvious malarial selection pressure in this population. Using haplotype and -α(3.7) subtype analysis we analyzed a subset of -α(3.7) homozygotes from various Israeli ethnic groups. We found a high frequency of the common Ia haplotype in Yemenite Jews and Arabs (54% and 13% respectively)...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768690/resolution-of-pulsatile-tinnitus-after-venous-sinus-stenting-in-patients-with-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#10
Srikanth Boddu, Marc Dinkin, Maria Suurna, Kelly Hannsgen, Xem Bui, Athos Patsalides
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the role of venous sinus stenting in the treatment of pulsatile tinnitus among patients with Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) and significant venous sinus stenosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A written informed consent approved by the Weill Cornell institutional review board was signed and obtained from the study participants. Thirty-seven consecutive patients with IIH and venous sinus stenosis who were treated with venous sinus stenting between Jan...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751821/evaluation-and-management-of-the-swollen-optic%C3%A2-disk-in-cryptococcal-meningitis
#11
REVIEW
Mohammed Rigi, Khurrum Khan, Stacy V Smith, Ayman O Suleiman, Andrew G Lee
Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common and severe form of cryptococcal infection. In addition to infiltrative and inflammatory mechanisms, intracranial hypertension commonly complicates cryptococcal meningitis and may cause significant visual and neurological morbidity and mortality. The mainstays of treatment for cryptococcal meningitis include standard antifungal therapy, management of intracranial hypertension, and treatment of underlying immunosuppressive conditions. Early and aggressive management of intracranial hypertension in accordance with established guidelines reduces the risk of long-term visual and neurological complications and death...
October 15, 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747559/side-impact-motor-vehicle-crashes-driver-passenger-vehicle-and-crash-characteristics-for-fatally-and-nonfatally-injured-rear-seated-adults
#12
Chang Liu, Joyce C Pressley
BACKGROUND: Most studies of rear-seated occupants have focused on or included pediatric occupants which may not translate to adults. This study examines passenger, driver, vehicle and crash characteristics for rear-seated adult occupants involved in side crashes. METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System (NASS/GES) for calendar years 2011-2014 was used with accompanying weights to examine the occupant, vehicle and crash characteristics associated with injury in rear-seated adults (n = 395,504) involved in a side crash...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743967/-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-experience-over-25-years-and-a-management-protocol
#13
Lorena Monge Galindo, Ruth Fernando Martínez, Cristina Fuertes Rodrigo, David Fustero de Miguel, Victoria Pueyo Royo, Juan Pablo García Iñiguez, Javier López-Pisón, José Luis Peña-Segura
INTRODUCTION: We present our experience on idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), before and after the introduction of a specific diagnosis and management protocol. METHOD: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted on patients with IIH over a 25year period (1990-2015), comparing the last 7years (after introduction of the protocol) with the previous 18years. RESULTS: Among the 18,865 patients evaluated, there were 54 cases of IIH (29 infants and 25 children)...
October 13, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711108/mechanistic-insight-into-the-host-transcription-inhibition-function-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-nss-and-its-importance-in-virulence
#14
Kaori Terasaki, Sydney I Ramirez, Shinji Makino
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a member of the genus Phlebovirus within the family Bunyaviridae, causes periodic outbreaks in livestocks and humans in countries of the African continent and Middle East. RVFV NSs protein, a nonstructural protein, is a major virulence factor that exhibits several important biological properties. These include suppression of general transcription, inhibition of IFN-β promoter induction and degradation of double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase R. Although each of these biological functions of NSs are considered important for countering the antiviral response in the host, the individual contributions of these functions towards RVFV virulence remains unclear...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698231/a-new-index-for-the-assessment-of-transverse-sinus-stenosis-for-diagnosing-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#15
Gustavo Balthazar da Silveira Carvalho, Sandro Luiz de Andrade Matas, Marcos Hideki Idagawa, Luiz Antônio Tobaru Tibana, Renato Sartori de Carvalho, Matheus Luis Souza Silva, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Andrea Parolin Jackowski, Nitamar Abdala
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the role of MR venography (MRV) for detecting transverse sinus stenosis, to determine the importance of this finding in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), and to propose an index that contributes to this diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed consecutive intracranial MRV of patients aged >18 years diagnosed with IIH according to the diagnostic criteria, between January 2010 and July 2012. The assessments were randomly analyzed by three radiologists...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694262/quality-of-life-at-6-months-in-the-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-treatment-trial
#16
Beau B Bruce, Kathleen B Digre, Michael P McDermott, Eleanor B Schron, Michael Wall
OBJECTIVE: To examine the changes in vision-specific and overall health-related quality of life (QOL) at 6 months in participants with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and mild visual loss enrolled in the Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment Trial (IIHTT) and to determine the signs and symptoms of IIH that mediate the effect of acetazolamide on QOL. METHODS: We assessed QOL using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (NEI-VFQ-25), the 10-Item NEI-VFQ-25 Neuro-Ophthalmic Supplement, and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)...
November 1, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692528/pediatric-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-age-gender-and-anthropometric-features-at-diagnosis-in-a-large-retrospective-multisite-cohort
#17
Claire A Sheldon, Grace L Paley, Rui Xiao, Anat Kesler, Ori Eyal, Melissa W Ko, Chantal J Boisvert, Robert A Avery, Vincenzo Salpietro, Paul H Phillips, Gena Heidary, Shana E McCormack, Grant T Liu
PURPOSE: To examine anthropometric and maturational characteristics at diagnosis in pediatric idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). DESIGN: Retrospective, international, multisite study. PARTICIPANTS: Pediatric patients (2-18 years of age at diagnosis) with IIH. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Body mass index (BMI), height, and weight Z-scores; sexual maturation. METHODS: Cases of IIH were identified retrospectively based on diagnostic code, pediatric neuro-ophthalmologist databases, or both and updated diagnostic criteria (2013) were applied to confirm definite IIH...
September 27, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690252/octreotide-the-iih-therapy-beyond-weight-loss-carbonic-anhydrase-inhibitors-lumbar-punctures-and-surgical-interventional-treatments
#18
Patrick M House, Stefan R G Stodieck
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by elevated intracranial pressure without a space-occupying cerebral lesion, venous sinus thrombosis or hydrocephalus and with normally composited cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Main symptoms are headache, sight disturbances and potential visual impairment. Weight loss, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, lumbar punctures with CSF drain, CSF shunting, optic nerve sheath fenestration, and venous sinus stenting are common IIH therapies...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671180/optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-on-sonography-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-versus-normal
#19
Hina Rehman, Muhammad Saim Khan, Muhammad Nafees, Attique Ur Rehman, Asad Habib
OBJECTIVE: To compare the mean optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) versus normal healthy individuals using B-scan ultrasonography as diagnostic tool. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Armed Forces Institute of Radiology and Imaging, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from June to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: Participants aged 30 - 50 years were divided into two groups...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666162/ventromedial-hypothalamic-glucose-sensing-and-glucose-homeostasis-vary-throughout-the-estrous-cycle
#20
Ammy M Santiago, Deborah J Clegg, Vanessa H Routh
OBJECTIVE: 17β-Estradiol (17βE) regulates glucose homeostasis in part by centrally mediated mechanisms. In female rodents, the influence of the ovarian cycle on hypoglycemia counterregulation and glucose tolerance is unclear. We found previously that in prepubertal females, 17βE modulates glucose sensing in nonadapting glucose-inhibited (GI) and adapting GI (AdGI) neurons within the ventrolateral portion of the ventromedial nucleus (VL-VMN). Nonadapting GI neurons persistently decrease their activity as glucose increases while AdGI neurons transiently respond to a glucose increase...
September 22, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
keyword
keyword
89781
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"