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Aeromonas hydrophila

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783490/chronic-endosulfan-exposure-impairs-immune-response-rendering-clarias-gariepinus-susceptible-to-microbial-infection
#1
Usha Kumari, Rashmi Singh, Shibnath Mazumder
Endosulfan, a persistent organochlorine insecticide affects several off-target organisms including fish though the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. In the present study, we monitored the effect of chronic endosulfan exposure on headkidney (HK), an important immune organ in fish and on fish immune system thereof. Clarias gariepinus were exposed to a non-lethal concentration of endosulfan 2.884ppb (1/10th LC50) for 30 d which resulted in suppressed phagocytosis and bactericidal potential of headkidney macrophages (HKM)...
July 31, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774846/inhibited-fatty-acid-%C3%AE-oxidation-impairs-stress-resistance-ability-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#2
Han Pan, Ling-Yu Li, Jia-Min Li, Wei-Li Wang, Samwel Mchele Limbu, Pascal Degrace, Dong-Liang Li, Zhen-Yu Du
Energy metabolism plays important roles in stress resistance and immunity in mammals, however, such functions have not been established in fish. In the present study, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) was fed with mildronate, an inhibitor of mitochondrial fatty acid (FA) β-oxidation, for six weeks subsequently challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila and ammonia nitrogen exposure. Mildronate treatment reduced significantly l-carnitine concentration and mitochondrial FA β-oxidation efficiency, while it increased lipid accumulation in liver...
July 31, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767889/activity-of-brazilian-propolis-against-aeromonas-hydrophila-and-its-effect-on-nile-tilapia-growth-hematological-and-non-specific-immune-response-under-bacterial-infection
#3
Ricardo O Orsi, Vivian G Dos Santos, Luiz E Pezzato, Pedro L P F DE Carvalho, Caroline P Teixeira, Jakeline M A Freitas, Carlos R Padovani, Maria M P Sartori, Margarida M Barros
The effect of the ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) on Aeromonas hydrophila was analyzed by determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Then, the effects of crude propolis powder (CPP) on growth, hemato-immune parameters of the Nile tilapia, as well as its effects on resistance to A. hydrophila challenge were investigated. The CPP (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0%) was added to the diet of 280 Nile tilapia (50.0 ± 5.7 g fish-1). Hemato-immune parameters were analyzed before and after the bacterial challenge...
July 31, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754613/growth-performance-innate-immune-responses-and-disease-resistance-of-fingerling-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala-adapted-to-different-berberine-dietary-feeding-modes
#4
Wei-Na Xu, Dan-Hong Chen, Qing-Qing Chen, Wen-Bin Liu
A 8-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of different berberine-dietary feeding modes on growth, non-specific immune responses and disease resistance of blunt snout bream, Megalobrama amblycephala. Fish (average initial weight 4.70 ± 0.02 g) were fed two fat levels (5% and 10%) diets in three berberine-feeding modes (supplementing 50 mg/kg berberine continuously, two-week or four-week intervals) with four replicates, respectively. Then, fish were challenged by Aeromonas hydrophila and mortality was recorded for the next 96 h after feeding trial...
July 25, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747972/antimicrobial-property-of-lemongrass-cymbopogon-citratus-oil-against-pathogenic-bacteria-isolated-from-pet-turtles
#5
B C J De Silva, Won-Gi Jung, Sabrina Hossain, S H M P Wimalasena, H N K S Pathirana, Gang-Joon Heo
The usage of essential oils as antimicrobial agents is gaining attention. Besides, pet turtles were known to harbor a range of pathogenic bacteria while the turtle keeping is a growing trend worldwide.The current study examined the antimicrobial activity of lemon grass oil (LGO) against seven species of Gram negative bacteria namely; Aeromonas hydrophila, A. caviae, Citrobacter freundii, Salmonella enterica, Edwardsiella tarda, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Proteus mirabilis isolated from three popular species of pet turtles...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747586/a-novel-probiotic-bacillus-siamensis-b44v-isolated-from-thai-pickled-vegetables-phak-dong-for-potential-use-as-a-feed-supplement-in-aquaculture
#6
Ratchanu Meidong, Sompong Doolgindachbaporn, Winai Jamjan, Kenji Sakai, Yukihiro Tashiro, Yuki Okugawa, Saowanit Tongpim
The use of probiotic bacteria to control bacterial infection in farmed fish is of clear practical interest. The aims of this study were to isolate and select a probiotic Bacillus sp. and to evaluate the effects of its supplementation on the growth and disease resistance of hybrid catfish. Bacillus siamensis strain B44v, selectively isolated from Thai pickled vegetables (Phak-dong), displayed a high potential as a probiotic in catfish culture. This bacterium produced a bacteriocin-like substance and exhibited a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity inhibiting both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, especially the fish pathogens Aeromonas hydrophila and Streptococcus agalactiae...
July 27, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745820/recovery-of-bacillus-mycoides-b-%C3%A2-pseudomycoides-and-aeromonas-hydrophila-from-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-and-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-with-gill-disease
#7
P Orozova, I Sirakov, D A Austin, B Austin
During a 3-month period from June to the end of August 2016, ~5% mortalities were observed in a farm with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) and one farm of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in Bulgaria. The disease was manifested by gill ulcers/rot, asphyxiation and bloody ascites. Aeromonas hydrophila was isolated from the internal organs of all the diseased fish. Bacillus mycoides or B. pseudomycoides were recovered from the gill lesions on diseased carp and rainbow trout, respectively, with identification achieved by conventional phenotyping and by sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744833/evaluation-of-in-vivo-probiotic-efficiency-of-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-in-labeo-rohita-challenged-by-pathogenic-strain-of-aeromonas-hydrophila-mtcc-1739
#8
Ankita Nandi, Goutam Banerjee, Suhas Kumar Dan, Koushik Ghosh, Arun Kumar Ray
Diseases in aquatic organisms, including fish, are a major concern in aquaculture production. In this present investigation, we have evaluated the beneficial effects of dietary Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CCF7 (GenBank Acc. No. KP256501) supplementation in rohu (Labeo rohita) challenged by a pathogenic strain of Aeromonas hydrophila MTCC 1739. Four experimental diets were formulated: control diet (no probiotics) and three experimental diets (different concentrations of probiotic candidate B. amyloliquefaciens CCF7 at 10(5) (T1), 10(7) (T2), 10(9) (T3) CFU/g)...
July 25, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743647/prevalence-and-characterization-of-quinolone-resistance-genes-in-aeromonas-species-isolated-from-pet-turtle-in-korea
#9
S H M P Wimalasena, B C J De Silva, Sabrina Hossain, H N K S Pathirana, Gang-Joon Heo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize Aeromonas spp. isolated from popular species of pet turtles to assess the potential risk of pet turtle as a source of target gene alterations in the quinolone resistance determining region (QRDR) and transferable plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes (PMQR). METHODS: Twenty-five isolates consisting of four species namely, A. enteropelogenes, A. hydrophila, A caviea and A. veronii were obtained from healthy pet turtles...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743630/effect-of-cucurbita-mixta-l-seed-meal-enrichment-diet-on-growth-immune-response-and-disease-resistance-in-oreochromis-mossambicus
#10
Mohamed Saiyad Musthafa, Abdul Rahman Jawahar Ali, Meenatchi Sundaram Arun Kumar, Bilal Ahmad Paray, Mohammad K Al-Sadoon, Chellam Balasundaram, Ramasamy Harikrishnan
The impact of Cucurbita mixta (L.) seed meal enriched diet on growth performance, innate immune response, and disease resistance in Oreochromis mossambicus against Aeromonas hydrophila was investigated. O. mossambicus was fed with 2 g kg(-1), 4 g kg(-1), and 6 g kg(-1) C. mixta seed meal diets for a period of 4 weeks. The results indicated that C. mixta seed meal diets at 4 g kg(-1) and 6 g kg(-1) significantly (P < 0.05) enhances the survival rate, weight gain (WG), protein efficiency ratio (PER), specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR), and feed efficiency (FE) from weeks 1-4 when compared to control...
July 23, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733908/assessment-of-cultivable-oral-bacterial-flora-from-important-venomous-snakes-of-india-and-their-antibiotic-susceptibilities
#11
Innus K Shaikh, Prashant P Dixit, Balasaheb S Pawade, Mugdha Potnis-Lele, Babasaheb P Kurhe
Snakebite is a common, frequently devastating, occupational, socio-economic hazard, and it has a great impact on the rural population of India. Snakebite is a major cause of the human morbidity and mortality since ancient times, as it not only affects the victim by systemic envenomation but also by wound infections originating from deadly pathogenic microorganisms from the oral cavity of the offending snake. The pathogens from the oral cavity of the snake tend to initiate an infection, resulting in gas gangrene, soft tissue necrosis, and permanent physical disabilities...
July 21, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733150/seven-new-lignan-glycosides-from-the-branches-of-alangium-kurzii-craib-var-laxifolium
#12
Jie Ren, Yang-Guo Xie, Ying-Ying Huang, Sheng-Lan Zhu, Shi-Kai Yan, Hui-Zi Jin, Wei-Dong Zhang
Seven new lignan glycosides (1-3, 8-10, and 14) and 17 known compounds were isolated from the branches of Alangium kurzii Craib var. laxifolium. Their structures were established by spectroscopic analysis and circular dichroism (CD) and X-ray analysis. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus CI1011, Streptococcus suis CI1608, Salmonella gallinarum CI0912, Enterococcus faecalis CI1304, Aeromonas hydrophila CI1008, Escherichia coli CI151012, Vibrio parahaemolyticus CI150506, Klebsiella pneumoniae CI131216, Pseudomonas aeruginosa CI1011, Staphylococcus epidermidis CI1110, and Streptococcus agalactiae CI1302...
July 19, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732514/in-vitro-assessment-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-silver-and-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-against-fish-pathogens
#13
Mohamed Ibrahim Shaalan, Magdy Mohamed El-Mahdy, Sarah Theiner, Mansour El-Matbouli, Mona Saleh
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a global issue that threatens public health. The excessive use of antibiotics contributes to this problem as the genes of antibiotic resistance can be transferred between the bacteria in humans, animals and aquatic organisms. Metallic nanoparticles could serve as future substitutes for some conventional antibiotics because of their antimicrobial activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles against major fish pathogens and assess their safety in vitro...
July 21, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713788/microorganisms-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-of-oncorhynchus-mykiss-produce-antagonistic-substances-against-bacteria-contaminating-food-and-causing-disease-in-humans
#14
Olga Lobos, Andrea Barrera, Carlos Padilla
The objective was to analyse the antibacterial ability of members of the intestinal microbiota of Oncorhynchus mykiss specimens on several bacterial target strains that contaminate food and cause disease in humans. Bacterial colonies from an intestinal portion of the 20 specimens of O. mykiss were obtained in different culture media. Several of the colonies showed antibacterial action on different target strains. The bacterial species with the highest antagonistic capacity were Hafnia alvei and Lactococcus lactis and the more susceptible target strains were Aeromonas hydrophila, Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli...
April 13, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713009/aeromonas-hydrophila-induced-alterations-in-cytosolic-calcium-activate-pro-apoptotic-cpkc-mek1-2-tnf%C3%AE-axis-in-infected-headkidney-macrophages-of-clarias-gariepinus
#15
Asha Shelly, Chaitali Banerjee, Gunjan Kumar Saurav, Atish Ray, Vipin Singh Rana, Rajagopal Raman, Shibnath Mazumder
Alterations in intracellular-calcium (Ca(2+))i homeostasis is critical to Aeromonas hydrophila-induced headkidney macrophages (HKM) apoptosis of Clarias gariepinus, though the implications are poorly understood. Here, we describe the role of intermediate molecules of Ca(2+-)signaling pathway that are involved in HKM apoptosis. We observed phosphoinositide-3-kinase/phospholipase C is critical for (Ca(2+))i release in infected HKM. Heightened protein kinase-C (PKC) activity and phosphorylation of MEK1/2-ERK1/2 was noted which declined in presence of 2-APB, Go6976 and PD98059, inhibitors to IP3-receptor, conventional PKC isoforms (cPKC) and MEK1/2 respectively implicating Ca(2+)/cPKC/MEK-ERK1/2 axis imperative in A...
July 14, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708867/transcriptome-differences-between-enrofloxacin-resistant-and-enrofloxacin-susceptible-strains-of-aeromonas-hydrophila
#16
Fengjiao Zhu, Zongying Yang, Yiliu Zhang, Kun Hu, Wenhong Fang
Enrofloxacin is the most commonly used antibiotic to control diseases in aquatic animals caused by A. hydrophila. This study conducted de novo transcriptome sequencing and compared the global transcriptomes of enrofloxacin-resistant and enrofloxacin-susceptible strains. We got a total of 4,714 unigenes were assembled. Of these, 4,122 were annotated. A total of 3,280 unigenes were assigned to GO, 3,388 unigenes were classified into Cluster of Orthologous Groups of proteins (COG) using BLAST and BLAST2GO software, and 2,568 were mapped onto pathways using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genomes Pathway database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704687/antimicrobial-polyketide-furanoterpenoids-from-seaweed-associated-heterotrophic-bacterium-bacillus-subtilis-mtcc-10403
#17
Kajal Chakraborty, Bini Thilakan, Vamshi Krishna Raola
Brown seaweed Anthophycus longifolius (Turner) Kützing (family Sargassaceae) associated heterotrophic bacterium Bacillus subtilis MTCC 10403 was found to be a potent isolate with broad range of antibacterial activity against important perceptive food pathogens Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus, and Aeromonas hydrophila. This bacterium was positive for polyketide synthetase gene (KC589397), and therefore, was selected to bioprospect specialized metabolites bearing polyketide backbone. Bioactivity-guided chromatographic fractionation of the ethyl acetate extract of the seaweed-associated bacterium segregated four homologous polyketide furanoterpenoids with potential antibacterial activities against clinically important pathogens...
July 10, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698127/dietary-protein-levels-regulated-antibacterial-activity-inflammatory-response-and-structural-integrity-in-the-head-kidney-spleen-and-skin-of-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-after-challenged-with-aeromonas-hydrophila
#18
Wei-Dan Jiang, Jing Xu, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Lin Feng
This study investigated the effects of dietary protein levels on disease resistance, immune function and structural integrity in the head kidney, spleen and skin of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 grass carp (264.11 ± 0.76 g) were fed six diets containing graded levels of protein (143.1, 176.7, 217.2, 257.5, 292.2 and 322.8 g digestible protein kg(-1) diet) for 8 weeks. After the growth trial, fish were challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 days. The results indicated that optimal levels of dietary protein: (1) (1) increased the lysozyme (LA) and acid phosphatase (ACP) activities and the complement 3 (C3) and C4 contents, up-regulated antimicrobial peptides, anti-inflammatory cytokines, inhibitor of κBα, target of rapamycin and ribosomal protein S6 kinases 1 mRNA levels, whereas down-regulated pro-inflammatory cytokines, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) P65, IKKβ, IKKγ, eIF4E-binding proteins (4E-BP) 1 and 4E-BP2 mRNA levels in the head kidney, spleen and skin of grass carp (P < 0...
July 8, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698125/effects-of-lactobacillus-delbrueckii-on-immune-response-disease-resistance-against-aeromonas-hydrophila-antioxidant-capability-and-growth-performance-of-cyprinus-carpio-huanghe-var
#19
Chun-Nuan Zhang, Ji-Liang Zhang, Wen-Chao Guan, Xiao-Fei Zhang, Su-Hua Guan, Qing-Hui Zeng, Gao-Feng Cheng, Wei Cui
The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of dietary Lactobacillus delbrueckii (L. delbrueckii) on immune response, disease resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila), antioxidant capability and growth performance of Cyprinus carpio Huanghe var. 450 fish (mean weight of 1.05 ± 0.03 g) were randomly distributed into five groups that fed diets containing different levels of L. delbrueckii (0, 1 × 10(5), 1 × 10(6), 1 × 10(7) and 1 × 10(8) CFU g(-1)) for 8 weeks. The results showed that intestinal immune parameters such as lysozyme, acid phosphatase, and myeloperoxidase activities, immunoglobulin M content, and the survival rate were improved in fish fed with 1 × 10(6) and 1 × 10(7) CFU g(-1)L...
July 8, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689359/immunotoxic-responses-of-chronic-exposure-to-cypermethrin-in-common-carp
#20
Siyavash Soltanian, Mohammad Saeed Fereidouni
In the current study, laboratory evaluations were made to assess the immunomodulatory effect of cypermethrin on fingerlings of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Results showed that 96-h LC50 of cypermethrin in common carp was estimated at 0.85 μg/L. Fish were exposed for 21 days to cypermethrin at three sub-lethal concentrations of 0.042, 0.085, and 0.17 μg/L that represented 5, 10, and 20%, respectively, of the 96-h LC50 of the pesticide for this fish species. Blood samples were taken after 7, 14, and 21 days of exposure...
July 8, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
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