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Aeromonas hydrophila

Alejandro Romero, Paolo R Saraceni, Susana Merino, Antonio Figueras, Juan M Tomás, Beatriz Novoa
The selection of an experimental animal model is of great importance in the study of bacterial virulence factors. Here, a bath infection of zebrafish larvae is proposed as an alternative model to study the virulence factors of Aeromonas hydrophila. Intraperitoneal infections in mice and trout were compared with bath infections in zebrafish larvae using specific mutants. The great advantage of this model is that bath immersion mimics the natural route of infection, and injury to the tail also provides a natural portal of entry for the bacteria...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Xiao-Zhou Qi, Dong-Liang Li, Xiao Tu, Chen-Guang Song, Fei Ling, Gao-Xue Wang
Dexamethasone, a known immunosuppressant, can inhibit the immune response and increase the amount of pathogen in body, but the role of dexamethasone affecting susceptibility of crucian carp (Carassius auratus) to pathogen is unclear. The effects of dexamethasone on susceptibility of crucian carp to Aeromonas hydrophila were investigated in this study. The fish were divided into four groups randomly and injected intraperitoneally by dexamethasone for 0 day (group D), 3 days (group C), 6 days (group B), and 9 days (group A), respectively...
October 12, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Kannan Rama Devi, Ramanathan Srinivasan, Arunachalam Kannappan, Sivasubramanian Santhakumari, Murugan Bhuvaneswari, Periyannan Rajasekar, Narayanan Marimuthu Prabhu, Arumugam Veera Ravi
Rosmarinic acid (RA) was assessed for its quorum sensing inhibitory (QSI) potential against Aeromonas hydrophila strains AH 1, AH 12 and MTCC 1739. The pathogenic strains of A. hydrophila were isolated from infected zebrafish and identified through biochemical analysis and amplification of a species-specific gene (rpsL). The biofilm inhibitory concentration (BIC) of RA against A. hydrophila strains was found to be 750 μg ml(-1). At this concentration, RA reduced the QS mediated hemolysin, lipase and elastase production in A...
November 2016: Biofouling
Abirami Arasu, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Rajesh Palanisamy, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Munuswamy-Ramanujam Ganesh, Jesu Arockiaraj
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are innate molecules that are found in a wide variety of species ranging from bacteria to humans. In recent years, excessive usage of antibiotics resulted in development of multi-drug resistant pathogens which made researchers to focus on AMPs as potential substitute for antibiotics. Lily type mannose-binding lectin is an extended super-family of structurally and evolutionarily related sugar binding proteins. These lectins are well-known AMPs which play important roles in fish defense mechanism...
October 8, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Zhibin Wu, Fei Ling, Chenguang Song, Weichao Chen, Gaoxue Wang
Since the use of malachite green was banned, it is desirable to search for alternative drug to control Ichthyophthirius multifiliis infection. Moreover, route of administration which is easy to implement and less stressful to fish is important to treat infection of fish with this parasite. It is also important to enhance protective effect against Aeromonas hydrophila infection after parasitism by I. multifiliis. The present study evaluated the protective effect of diet supplemented with Artemisia annua against I...
October 10, 2016: Parasitology Research
Hechao Du, Maoda Pang, Yuhao Dong, Yafeng Wu, Nannan Wang, Jin Liu, Furqan Awan, Chengping Lu, Yongjie Liu
Bacterial biofilms are involved in adaptation to complex environments and are responsible for persistent bacterial infections. Biofilm formation is a highly complex process during which multifarious genes work together regularly. In this study, we screened the EZ-Tn5 transposon mutant library to identify genes involved in biofilm formation of Aeromonas hydrophila. A total of 24 biofilm-associated genes were identified, the majority of which encoded proteins related to cell structure, transcription and translation, gene regulation, growth and metabolism...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Peter Teunis, Maria J Figueras
Cases of Aeromonas diarrhea have been described all over the world. The genus Aeromonas includes ca. 30 species, of which 10 have been isolated in association with gastroenteritis. The dominating species that account for ca. 96% of the identified strains are Aeromonas caviae, A. veronii, A. dhakensis, and A. hydrophila. However, the role of Aeromonas as a true enteropathogen has been questioned on the basis of the lack of outbreaks, the non-fulfillment of Koch's postulates and the low numbers of acute illnesses in the only existing human challenge study...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
W F Wang, L M Mu, X S Wu, H Yang, Q J Ning
Imidazole derivative KK-42 is a well-known regulator of insect growth. KK-42 pretreatment has been shown to promote the survival of Macrobrachium nipponense infected with Aeromonas hydrophila, possibly via activation of superoxide dismutase (SOD). In this study, the cytMnSOD gene was cloned from the hepatopancreas of M. nipponense using the rapid amplification of cDNA ends technique. The full-length cDNA of cytMnSOD was 1233 bp long, and the open reading frame was 858 bp long, encoding a 286-aa protein with a 60-aa leader sequence...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Narayanan Gobi, Chinnu Ramya, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Balasubramanian Malaikozhundan, Sekar Vijayakumar, Kadarkarai Murugan, Giovanni Benelli
In this research, we focused on the efficacy of aqueous and ethanol leaf extracts of Psidium guajava L. (guava) based experimental diets on the growth, immune, antioxidant and disease resistance of tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus following challenge with Aeromonas hydrophila. The experimental diets were prepared by mixing powdered (1, 5 and 10 mg/g) aqueous and ethanol extract of guava leaf with commercial diet. The growth (FW, FCR and SGR), non-specific cellular immune (myeloperoxidase activity, reactive oxygen activity and reactive nitrogen activity) humoral immune (complement activity, antiprotease, alkaline phosphatase activity and lysozyme activity) and antioxidant enzyme responses (SOD, GPX, and CAT) were examined after 30 days of post-feeding...
October 1, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Parasuraman Aiya Subramani, R Vydyanath Narasimha, Ramalakshmi Balasubramanian, Venkata Ramireddy Narala, M R Ganesh, R Dinakaran Michael
Number of exotoxins like haemolysin, leukocidin, aerolysin etc. were reported from Aeromonas hydrophila. In this study, we report the haemolytic and cytotoxic effect of A. hydrophila culture supernatant (CS) that is specifically inhibited by lactose and also by serum and mucus of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Hence, we assume the presence of a secreted lectin in the CS. CS is toxic to peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) of O. niloticus as revealed by MTT assay and by flow cytometry. DNA laddering assay indicates that CS causes necrosis to PBL...
October 1, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jorge Jover-García, Virginia Pérez-Doñate, Javier Colomina-Rodríguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Fan-Bin Zhan, Han Liu, Rui-Fang Lai, Ivan Jakovlić, Wei-Min Wang
Interferon regulatory factors (irfs) are a family of genes that encode transcription factors with important roles in regulating the expression of Type I interferons (IFNs) and other genes associated with related pathways. irfs have multitudinous functions in growth, development and regulation of oncogenesis. In this study, three irf family members (irf2, irf7, irf9) were identified and characterized in Megalobrama amblycephala at the mRNA and amino acid levels. M. amblycephala irfs share a high sequence homology with other vertebrate irfs...
September 25, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Febriyansyah Saputra, Ya-Li Shiu, Yo-Chia Chen, Asthervina Widyastami Puspitasari, Ridha Handriany Danata, Chun-Hung Liu, Shao-Yang Hu
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens has attracted attention as a probiotic in aquaculture due to its immunostimulatory activity against pathogenic infection. Xylanases are extensively used in animal feed to degrade plant ingredients, enhancing nutrient utilization and increasing the growth rate of various animals. In the present study, the effects of dietary supplementation with B. amyloliquefaciens and xylanase-expressing B. amyloliquefaciens R8 on the growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and immunity against Aeromonas hydrophila were evaluated...
September 23, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Youngseok Ham, Tae-Jong Kim
Biofilm provides a bacterial hiding place by forming a physical barrier and causing physiological changes in cells. The elimination of biofilm is the main goal of hygiene. Chemicals that are inhibitory to biofilm formation have been developed for use in food, personal hygiene products, and medical instruments. Monoacylglycerols are recognized as safe and are used in food as emulsifiers. In this study, the inhibitory activity of monoacylglycerols on bacterial biofilm formation was evaluated systematically with four bacterial strains, Aeromonas hydrophila, Streptococcus mutans, Xanthomonas oryzae, and Yersinia enterocolitica...
2016: SpringerPlus
Rui-Fang Lai, Ivan Jakovlić, Han Liu, Fan-Bin Zhan, Jin Wei, Wei-Min Wang
The innate immunity serves as the primary line of defense against pathogen invasion. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a pivotal role in the innate immunity by sensing specific pathogen-associated molecular patterns and activating immune responses. In this study, 14 TLRs (TLR1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8a, 8b, 9, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22) were identified and characterized in a cyprinid fish Megalobrama amblycephala. A majority of MaTLRs possessed the typical structural features of the TLR protein family: LRR domain, TM region and TIR domain...
September 14, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Megan Wong, Xiaoye Liang, Matt Smart, Le Tang, Richard Moore, Brian Ingalls, Tao G Dong
: In the host and natural environments, microbes often exist in complex multispecies communities. The molecular mechanisms through which such communities develop and persist - despite significant antagonistic interactions between species - are not well understood. The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a lethal weapon commonly employed by Gram-negative bacteria to inhibit neighboring species through delivery of toxic effectors. It is well established that intra-species protection is conferred by immunity proteins that neutralize effector toxicities...
September 16, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Yang Ding, Chunxiang Ai, Yinnan Mu, Jingqun Ao, Xinhua Chen
Interleukin-17s (IL-17s) play critical roles in inflammatory response and host defense against extracellular pathogens. IL-17s induce the immune response signaling through the specific IL-17 receptors (IL-17Rs) that consist of five members (IL-17RA to E). In the present work, we have identified the five IL-17R orthologs (LycIL-17Rs) from large yellow croaker Larimichthys crocea. The deduced protein of each LycIL-17R exhibits a typical IL-17R domain architecture, including a signal peptide, the extracellular FNIII domain (IL-17RA/RB/RD) or IL-17_R_N domain (IL-17RC/RE), a transmembrane domain, and a SEFIR domain in cytoplasmic region...
September 12, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Priyatharsini Rajendran, Parasuraman Aiya Subramani, Dinakaran Michael
Immunostimulation by plant-derived compounds presents a fascinating alternative to vaccines and antibiotics in aquaculture. Fish farmers are longing for immunostimulants that activate both specific and nonspecific immune responses of fish and protect fishes from all possible infections. In this study, we observed that polysaccharide fraction from marine macroalga, Padina gymnospora stimulated the immune response of common carp Cyprinus carpio (Filed for patent, Indian patent no. 201641027311 dated:10-Aug-2016)...
September 12, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Kajal Chakraborty, Bini Thilakan, Rekha Devi Chakraborty, Vamshi Krishna Raola, Minju Joy
The brown seaweed, Sargassum myriocystum associated with heterotrophic bacterium, Bacillus subtilis MTCC 10407 (JF834075) exhibited broad-spectra of potent antibacterial activities against pathogenic bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila, Vibrio vulnificus, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. B. subtilis MTCC 10407 was found to be positive for polyketide synthetase (pks) gene, and therefore, was considered to characterize secondary metabolites bearing polyketide backbone. Using bioassay-guided fractionation, two new antibacterial O-heterocyclic compounds belonging to pyranyl benzoate analogs of polyketide origin, with activity against pathogenic bacteria, have been isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of B...
September 13, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Morteza Kavan Talkhabi, Leyla Aghaiyan, Zohre Salehipour
BACKGROUND: Aeromonas spp. cause various intestinal and extraintestinal diseases. These bacteria are usually isolated from fecal samples, especially in children under five years old. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Aeromonas spp. and their antimicrobial resistance profile in children with diarrhea referred to the Children Medical Center in Tehran, between 2013 and 2014. METHODS: A total number of 391 stool samples were collected from children with ages between 1 day and 14 years old, with diarrhea (acute or chronic), referred to the Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran, between 2013 and 2014...
September 2016: Germs
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