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Aeromonas hydrophila

Chuanjie Qin, Quan Gong, Zhengyong Wen, Dengyue Yuan
Complement factor I (CFI) is a novel regulatory serine protease that plays an important role in resistance to pathogen infection. In this study, the CFI gene of Pelteobagrus vachellii (Pv-CFI) was sequenced and characterized. The full-length cDNA of 2320 bp includes a 155 bp 5'-untranslated region (UTR), a 164 bp 3'-UTR, and a 2001 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 667 amino acids. Multiple sequence alignment revealed five highly conserved domains with a typical modular architecture and identical active sites in vertebrates, indicating a conserved function...
January 9, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Zhiwei Liao, Quanyuan Wan, Xun Xiao, Jianfei Ji, Jianguo Su
Chemokines are a superfamily of small cytokines and characterized based on their ability to induce directional migration of cells along a concentration gradient by binding to chemokine receptors, which have important roles in immunology and development. Due to the numerous and diverse members, systematic identifications of chemokine superfamily genes are difficult in many species. To that end, a comprehensive analysis of BLAST and scripting language was conducted to systematically identify and characterize chemokine system in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)...
January 8, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Yannan Li, Zhihao Jia, Qilin Yi, Xiaorui Song, Yu Liu, Yunke Jia, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
GATA transcription factor is a family of DNA-binding proteins that can recognize and bind to sequence of (A/T) GATA (A/G). In the present study, a GATA-like protein (named as EsGLP) was characterized from Eriocheir sinensis, including an 834 bp full length open reading frame of EsGLP, encoding a polypeptide of 277 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of EsGLP contained one conserved GATA-type zinc finger of the form Cys-X2-Cys-X17-Cys-X2-Cys, with four cysteine sites. The EsGLP mRNA transcripts were mainly detected in the hematopoietic tissue, hepatopancreas and gonad...
January 8, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Sahar W M Hassan, Hassan A H Ibrahim
Exopolysaccharides (EPSs) are high molecular weight polymers consisting of different sugar residues they are preferable for replacing synthetic polymers as they are degradable and nontoxic. Many microorganisms possess the ability to synthesize and excrete exopolysaccharides with novel chemical compositions, properties and structures to have potential applications in different fields. The present study attempt to optimize the production of EPS by marine Bacillus subtilis SH1 in addition to characterization and investigation of different valuable applications...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
Lan-Lan Chen, Jin Xie, Dong-Dong Cao, Ning Jia, Ya-Juan Li, Hui Sun, Wei-Fang Li, Bing Hu, Yuxing Chen, Cong-Zhao Zhou
Following the Aeromonas hydrophila aerolysin, various aerolysin-like pore-forming proteins have been identified from bacteria to vertebrates. We have recently reported the mechanism of receptor recognition and in vitro pore-formation of a zebrafish aerolysin-like protein Dln1/Aep1. However, the physiological function of Aep1 remains unknown. Here we detected that aep1 gene is constitutively expressed in various immune-related tissues of adult zebrafish; and moreover, its expression is significantly up-regulated upon bacterial challenge, indicating its involvement in antimicrobial infection...
January 6, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Eamon Dubaissi, Karine Rousseau, Gareth W Hughes, Caroline Ridley, Richard K Grencis, Ian S Roberts, David J Thornton
Mucosal surfaces represent critical routes for entry and exit of pathogens. As such, animals have evolved strategies to combat infection at these sites, in particular the production of mucus to prevent attachment and to promote subsequent movement of the mucus/microbe away from the underlying epithelial surface. Using biochemical, biophysical, and infection studies, we have investigated the host protective properties of the skin mucus barrier of the Xenopus tropicalis tadpole. Specifically, we have characterized the major structural component of the barrier and shown that it is a mucin glycoprotein (Otogelin-like or Otogl) with similar sequence, domain organization, and structural properties to human gel-forming mucins...
January 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Changyou Song, Yanting Cui, Bo Liu, Jun Xie, Xianping Ge, Pao Xu, Mingchun Ren, Linghong Miao, Qunlan Zhou, Yan Lin
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) play critical roles in the process of anti-stress and immunity and are implicated in autoimmune diseases. In order to understand the comparative stress responses of HSP60 and HSP90β under intermittent thermal stress and Aeromonas hydrophila infection, we cloned their full-length cDNAs from Megalobrama amblycephala liver, predicted their secondary and tertiary structure, and examined their tissue-specific expression patterns. The full length of HSP60 and HSP90β cDNAs indicated that they included all signature sequences of corresponding protein families...
January 4, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Kang Chen, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Lin Feng
In aquaculture, the occurrence of enteritis has increased and dietary nutrition is considered as one of the major strategies to solve this problem. In the present study, we assume that dietary phosphorus might enhance intestinal immune barrier and physical barrier function to reduce the occurrence of enteritis in fish. To test this assumption, a total of 540 grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) were investigated by feeding graded levels of available phosphorus (0.95-8.75 g/kg diet) and then infection with Aeromonas hydrophila...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Narayanan Gobi, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Jiann-Chu Chen, Ravichandran Rekha, Sekar Vijayakumar, Mahalingam Anjugam, Arokiadhas Iswarya
The present study evaluated the dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 on the growth performance, immune parameters and antioxidant enzyme activities in serum and mucus as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Fish (24 ± 2.5 g) were fed separately with three diets, 1) commercial diet (control), 2) diet containing probiotic at 105 cfu g-1 (D1), and 3) diet containing probiotic at 107 cfu g-1 (D2) for 4 weeks. Growth performance in term of final weight (FW), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR), immune parameters of total protein (TP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), lysozyme (LYZ), reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and antioxidant parameters of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in serum and mucus were evaluated after 2nd and 4th weeks...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Zhihao Jia, Mengqiang Wang, Huan Zhang, Xiudan Wang, Zhao Lv, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
Clip-domain serine proteinase is an important serine proteinase family involved in many biological processes, which is only found in invertebrates. In the present study, the full-length cDNA of a clip domain serine proteinase (designed as EsCDSP) gene was cloned from Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) technique. It was of 1488 bp with an open reading frame (ORF) of 1134 bp encoding a polypeptide of 377 amino acids. There were a signal peptide, a clip domain, and a Tryp_SPc domain in the deduced amino acid sequences of EsCDSP...
January 2, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Li Zhou, Samwel Mchele Limbu, Meilin Shen, Wanying Zhai, Fang Qiao, Anyuan He, Zhen-Yu Du, Meiling Zhang
Antibiotics have been widely used in human and veterinary medicine to both treat and prevent disease. Due to their high water solubility and low bioavailability, many antibiotic residues have been found in aquatic environments. Fish are an indispensable link between the environmental pollution and human health. However, the chronic effects of environmental concentrations of antibiotics in fish have not been thoroughly investigated. Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and oxytetracycline (OTC) are frequently detected in aquatic environments...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Jean-Philippe Mocho, Darren J Martin, Mollie E Millington, Yolanda Saavedra Torres
Health monitoring systems are developed and used in zebrafish research facilities because pathogens of Danio rerio such as Aeromonas hydrophila, Mycobacterium spp., and Pseudocapillaria tomentosa have the potential to impair animal welfare and research. The fish are typically analyzed post mortem to detect microbes. The use of sentinels is a suggested way to improve the sensitivity of the surveillance and to reduce the number of animals to sample. The setting of a pre-filtration sentinel tank out of a recirculating system is described...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Mohsen Abdel-Tawwab, Fatma Samir, Asmaa S Abd El-Naby, Mohamed N Monier
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary cinnamon nanoparticles (CNP) on growth performance, antioxidant and digestive enzymes activities, and innate immunity of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Fish (9.7 ± 0.3 g) were fed on diets enriched with 0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 3.0, 5.0, and 10.0 g CNP/kg diet for 8 weeks. After the feeding trial, fish were challenged against hypoxia stress or pathogenic bacteria (Aeromonas hydrophila) infection. Fish performance was significantly improved with increasing CNP levels over the control diet...
December 25, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Takavar Mohammadian, Mojtaba Alishahi, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Masoud Ghorbanpoor, Dariush Gharibi
In this study, the effects of orally administrated two native probiotics (Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulguricus), isolated from the intestine of Shabot fish, Tor grypus, on some immune response parameters and immune-related genes expression against Aeromonas hydrophila in T. grypus were evaluated. Four hundred and eighty juveniles weighing 45 ± 10 g were randomly divided into four groups (with three replications) and fed with the experimental diet containing 5 × 107 cfu g-1 of L...
December 27, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Ju-Ching Yu, Pang-Hsin Hsieh, Hsing-Wen Tsai, Wen-Hsin Chang, Ting-Hang Liu, Mel S Lee, Kuo-Ti Peng, Kuo-Chin Huang, Gwo-Bin Lee
Necrotic fasciitis (NF) is a particularly aggressive and serious infection of the fascia that can penetrate into the musculature and internal organs, resulting in death if not treated promptly. In this work, an integrated microfluidic system composed of micropumps, microvalves, and micromixers was used to automate the detection of pathogens associated with NF. The entire molecular diagnostic process, including bacteria isolation, lysis, nucleic acid amplification and optical detection steps, was enacted on this developed system...
November 2017: Biomicrofluidics
Yu Zhu Yang, Yan Zhao, Ling Yang, Lan Ping Yu, Hui Wang, Xiang Shan Ji
Accumulating evidence suggests that peroxiredoxins (Prxs) eliminate excessive cellular H2O2 and are important factors in redox signaling pathways. In this study, we cloned the full-length cDNAs and genomic sequences of Prx3 and Prx4 from common carp. The common carp Prx3 and Prx4 open reading frames were 753 base pairs (bp) and 783bp in length, respectively, and contained seven exons and six introns. Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analyses revealed that the common carp Prx1-4 proteins share high identities and similar characteristics with other known animal Prxs...
December 19, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Ouahid Ben Ghanem, Syed Nasir Shah, Jean-Marc Lévêque, M I Abdul Mutalib, Mohanad El-Harbawi, Amir Sada Khan, Mohamad Sahban Alnarabiji, Hamada R H Al-Absi, Zahoor Ullah
Over the past decades, Ionic liquids (ILs) have gained considerable attention from the scientific community in reason of their versatility and performance in many fields. However, they nowadays remain mainly for laboratory scale use. The main barrier hampering their use in a larger scale is their questionable ecological toxicity. This study investigated the effect of hydrophobic and hydrophilic cyclic cation-based ILs against four pathogenic bacteria that infect humans. For that, cations, either of aromatic character (imidazolium or pyridinium) or of non-aromatic nature, (pyrrolidinium or piperidinium), were selected with different alkyl chain lengths and combined with both hydrophilic and hydrophobic anionic moieties...
December 7, 2017: Chemosphere
Yongyao Yu, Yangzhou Liu, Huili Li, Shuai Dong, Qingchao Wang, Zhenyu Huang, Weiguang Kong, Xiaoting Zhang, Yongshen Xu, Xiaoyao Chen, Zhen Xu
The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) is an essential component of the mucosal immune system in jawed vertebrates including teleost fish, which mediate transepithelial transport of secretory immunoglobulins (sIgs) to protect organisms against environmental pathogens. In this study, we firstly cloned and identified the pIgR from dojo loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus). The full-length cDNA of Ma-pIgR was of 1145 bp, containing an open reading frame (ORF) of 1101 bp encoded a predicted protein of 336 amino acids...
December 14, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Pei Wu, Li Tian, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Wei-Dan Jiang, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Fei Xie, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Juan Yang, Yong-An Zhang, He-Qun Shi, Lin Feng
This study evaluated the effect of dietary sodium butyrate (SB) supplementation on the intestinal physical barrier function of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). The fish were fed one powdery sodium butyrate (PSB) diet (1000.0 mg kg-1 diet) and five graded levels of microencapsulated sodium butyrate (MSB) diets: 0.0 (control), 500.0, 1000.0, 1500.0 and 2000.0 mg kg-1 diet for 60 days. Subsequently, a challenge test was conducted by injection of Aeromonas hydrophila to explore the effect of SB supplementation on intestinal physical barrier function and the potential mechanisms in fish...
December 5, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
S Vidhya Hindu, S Thanigaivel, S Vijayakumar, Natarajan Chandrasekaran, Amitava Mukherjee, John Thomas
Polysaccharide from red seaweed Gracilaria folifera has an interesting functional property of antioxidant activity and prebiotic effect. A feeding trial experiment was directed to examine the effect of probiotic bacteria Bacillus vireti 01 microencapsulated with G. folifera polysaccharide against freshwater prawn M. rosenbergii. Three different feeding trials were conducted for 15 days. The first group contained prawns fed with commercial diet. The second group was comprised of Aeromonas hydrophila challenged prawns fed with commercial feed...
December 2, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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