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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340889/disorders-of-the-reproductive-tract-of-rabbits
#1
REVIEW
Frances Margaret Harcourt-Brown
Disorders of the reproductive tract are common in rabbits. Conditions are different in rabbits that are farmed for their meat or fur and those that are kept as pets. Farmed rabbits suffer from infections and diseases associated with pregnancy. Congenital abnormalities are more likely to be recognized and treated in pet rabbits. Pet rabbits suffer from age-related changes to their genital tract (hyperplasia, neoplasia, or hernias). Neutering is an important part of prevention and treatment of reproductive disorders...
May 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314387/twin-pregnancy-complicated-by-esophageal-atresia-duodenal-atresia-gastric-perforation-and-hypoplastic-left-heart-structures-in-one-twin-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Mohamad K Abou Chaar, Mariana L Meyers, Bethany D Tucker, Henry L Galan, Kenneth W Liechty, Timothy M Crombleholme, Ahmed I Marwan
BACKGROUND: The antenatal diagnosis of a combined esophageal atresia without tracheoesophageal fistula and duodenal atresia with or without gastric perforation is a rare occurrence. These diagnoses are difficult and can be suspected on ultrasound by nonspecific findings including a small stomach and polyhydramnios. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging adds significant anatomical detail and can aid in the diagnosis of these complicated cases. Upon an extensive literature review, there are no reports documenting these combined findings in a twin pregnancy...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283028/a-pregnant-woman-with-a-surgical-site-infection-after-mesh-repair-of-an-abdominal-wall-incisional-hernia-a-case-report
#3
Kana Ozaki, Kenji Tanimura, Yasuhiko Ebina, Kiyonori Kanemitsu, Hideto Yamada
BACKGROUND: Surgical meshes are widely used in incisional hernia repair. However, there are no reports of pregnancies complicated by infection of surgical meshes used for hernia repair. This is the first case report of a pregnant woman who experienced surgical site infection associated with surgical mesh used for repair of an abdominal wall incisional hernia. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 41-year-old pregnant Japanese woman with surgical site infection after mesh repair of an abdominal wall incisional hernia...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267443/balloon-removal-after-fetoscopic-endoluminal-tracheal-occlusion-for-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#4
Julio A Jiménez, Elisenda Eixarch, Philip Dekoninck, João R Bennini, Roland Devlieger, Cleisson F Peralta, Eduard Gratacos, Jan Deprest
BACKGROUND: Isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) defect allows viscera to herniate into the chest, competing for space with the developing lungs. At birth, pulmonary hypoplasia leads to respiratory insufficiency and persistent pulmonary hypertension that is lethal in up to 30% of patients. Antenatal measurement of lung size and liver herniation can predict survival after birth. Prenatal intervention aims at stimulating lung development, clinically achieved by percutaneous fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) under local anesthesia...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251844/overview-of-pathophysiological-features-of-gerd
#5
Paolo Usai Satta, Francesco Oppia, Francesco Cabras
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very prevalent condition and has a high impact on the quality of life. Nevertheless, pathophysiology is complex and multi-factorial. Several mechanisms have been proposed: decreased salivation, decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure resting tone, presence of hiatal hernia, increased number of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations, increased acid, and pepsin secretion, duodeno-gastro-esophageal reflux of bile acids and trypsin. Other factors contributing to the pathophysiology of GERD include poor esophageal clearance, delayed gastric emptying and impaired mucosal defensive factors...
March 1, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242965/role-of-ultrasound-based-prenatal-prediction-of-pulmonary-function-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-does-it-have-prognostic-significance-postnatally
#6
Nupur Shah, Sujit Chowdhary, Anita Kaul
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in India is 1 in 1000. About 60 % of these are isolated, and the survival prognosis in them depends upon the quantum of contralateral functional lung. Out of the various pulmonary and extrapulmonary sonological predictors, observed to expected lung-head ratio (O/E LHR) is an efficient gestation-independent predictor of pulmonary function. This study was carried out to see the correlation of this prenatal predictor with the postnatal outcome depending on the pulmonary function...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185689/imaging-of-acute-pelvic-pain-in-girls-ovarian-torsion-and-beyond-%C3%A2
#7
REVIEW
Lena Naffaa, Tejaswini Deshmukh, Shanthan Tumu, Chris Johnson, Kevin P Boyd, Arthur B Meyers
Identifying the etiology of acute pelvic pain in girls is often clinically challenging. Particularly in young girls, it is often difficult to determine if acute pelvic symptoms are originating from a gynecologic source or from a genitourinary or gastrointestinal etiology based on the child's clinical examination alone. Therefore, imaging plays a key role in establishing a diagnosis and in directing medical and surgical treatment. Pediatric gynecologic conditions, which can present acutely with pain or mass or both include ovarian torsion, hematometrocolpos, pelvic inflammatory disease, inguinal hernias containing an ovary or the uterus or both, adnexal cysts, pregnancy, vaginal foreign bodies, and ovarian vein thrombosis...
December 21, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070244/assessment-of-fetus-during-second-trimester-ultrasonography-using-hdlive-software-what-is-its-real-application-in-the-obstetrics-clinical-practice
#8
Gabriele Tonni, Gianpaolo Grisolia, Eduardo Félix Santana, Edward Araujo Júnior
AIM: To show imaging results from application of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound lightening technique (HDlive™) in clinical obstetrics practice. METHODS: Normal and abnormal fetuses at second and third trimester of pregnancy undergoing routine scan with 4D HDlive™ (5DUS) in the rendering mode are described. Realistic features of fetal structures were provided by 5DUS in the rendering mode. Normal anatomy as well as pathology like cleft lip, hypoplastic face, micrognathia, low-set ears, corpus callosum, arthrogryposis, aortic arch, left congenital diaphragmatic hernia are highlighted in this study...
December 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049534/case-report-maternal-mosaicism-resulting-in-inheritance-of-a-novel-gata6-mutation-causing-pancreatic-agenesis-and-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Daphne Yau, Elisa De Franco, Sarah E Flanagan, Sian Ellard, Miriam Blumenkrantz, John J Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Haploinsufficiency of the GATA6 transcription factor gene was recently found to be the most common cause of pancreatic agenesis, a rare cause of neonatal diabetes mellitus. Although most cases are de novo, we describe three siblings with inherited GATA6 haploinsufficiency and the rare finding of parental mosaicism. CASE PRESENTATION: The proband was born at term with severe intrauterine growth restriction, the first child of non-consanguineous parents...
January 3, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040139/prenatal-diagnosis-of-paternal-duplication-of-11p15-5%C3%A2-14-3-its-implication-of-beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome
#10
Kuan Ju Chen, Yu Mei Liu, Chien Hong Li, Yao Lung Chang, Shuenn Dyh Chang
OBJECTIVE: To characterize a prenatally detected chromosomal aberration with molecular cytogenetic approaches and explore its relationship with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS). CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 0, was referred to our prenatal clinic at 20+ weeks due to an abnormal amniocentesis karyotyping finding, which showed 46,XY,add(11)(q24.2)dn. The mother conceived through in vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI), then embryo transfer...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891788/association-between-antibiotic-use-among-pregnant-women-with-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-first-trimester-and-birth-defects-national-birth-defects-prevention-study-1997-to-2011
#11
Elizabeth C Ailes, Suzanne M Gilboa, Simerpal K Gill, Cheryl S Broussard, Krista S Crider, Robert J Berry, Tonia C Carter, Charlotte A Hobbs, Julia D Interrante, Jennita Reefhuis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies noted associations between birth defects and some antibiotics (e.g., nitrofurantoin, sulfonamides) but not others (e.g., penicillins). It is unclear if previous findings were due to antibiotic use, infections, or chance. To control for potential confounding by indication, we examined associations between antibiotic use and birth defects, among women reporting urinary tract infections (UTIs). METHODS: The National Birth Defects Prevention Study is a multi-site, population-based case-control study...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864598/impact-of-fetal-counseling-on-outcome-of-antenatal-congenital-surgical-anomalies
#12
Shilpa Sharma, Ranjana Bhanot, Dipika Deka, Minu Bajpai, Devendra K Gupta
AIM: To analyze the impact of counseling on antenatal congenital surgical anomalies (ACSA). METHODS: Cases presenting with ACSA for fetal counseling and those presenting in post-natal period following diagnosis of ACSA (PACSA) for surgical opinion were analyzed for spectrum, presentation and outcome. RESULTS: 117 cases including ACSA(68);PACSA(49) were analyzed. Gestational age at diagnosis of ACSA;PACSA was 17-37;17-39 weeks (median 24;32 weeks)...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799975/round-ligament-leiomyoma-developing-during-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Recep Bedir, Rukiye Yılmaz, İbrahim Şehitoğlu, Cüneyt Yurdakul
Round ligament leiomyoma of uterus is rare. It can be presented as inguinal swelling mimicking the inguinal hernia or lymph node. Surgical excision is its curative treatment. Definitive diagnosis is made by histopathological examination.A32 year old pregnant patient having round ligament leiomyoma as diagnosed histopathologically in Recep Tayyip Erdogan University Hospital in 2014 was presented here as the sixth case in literature.
2016: Iranian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760628/-effectiveness-of-microsurgical-crossover-anastomosis-in-treating-complicated-obstructive-azoospermia
#14
P Li, H X Chen, Y H Huang, E L Zhi, R H Tian, H Zhao, F Yang, H F Sun, Y H Gong, Z J Zhu, Y Hong, Y D Liu, S J Xia, Z Li
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of microsurgical crossover vasovasostomy in treating complicated obstructive azoospermia. Methods: The data of 14 patients with complicated obstructive azoospermia treated with microsurgical crossover vasovasostomy were reviewed from October 2012 to March 2016.Ten of them underwent microsurgical crossover vasovasostomy. Intraoperative exploration revealed that 2 patients had vas deferens injury and contralateral testicular atrophy or epididymal obstruction due to previous hernia repair; 7 patients had obstruction of intracorporeal vas deferens on one side and epididymal obstruction on the other side; the other 1 patient had unilateral vasal obstruction with contralateral epididymal obstruction...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704687/diprosopus-systematic-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#15
María Paz Bidondo, Boris Groisman, Agostina Tardivo, Fabián Tomasoni, Verónica Tejeiro, Inés Camacho, Mariana Vilas, Rosa Liascovich, Pablo Barbero
BACKGROUND: Diprosopus is a subtype of symmetric conjoined twins with one head, facial duplication and a single trunk. Diprosopus is a very rare congenital anomaly. METHODS: This is a systematic review of published cases and the presentation of two new cases born in Argentina. We estimated the prevalence of conjoined twins and diprosopus using data from the National Network of Congenital Anomalies of Argentina (RENAC). RESULTS: The prevalence of conjoined twins in RENAC was 19 per 1,000,000 births (95% confidence interval, 12-29)...
December 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607482/persistent-grunting-respirations-after-birth
#16
Gustavo M Rocha, Filipa S Flor-DE-Lima, Hercília A Guimaraes
BACKGROUND: Grunting respirations occurring in the first hours of life is a frequent nonspecific clinical sign. Our objective was to assess the clinical significance of grunting lasting over two hours of birth in term and near term newborns. +0 METHODS: A five years retrospective study of all newborns >35 weeks of gestational age admitted for grunting to a level III NICU. RESULTS: Prolongued grunting occurred in 1.2% of the delivered newborns. Data on 151 grunter newborns and 302 controls were reviewed...
September 8, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555711/multiple-ocular-and-systemic-disorders-in-association-with-bilateral-duane-s-retraction-syndrome
#17
Mohammad Ali Zare, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Mohammad Yaser Kiarudi, Hadi Zare Mehrjardi
Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS) is characterized by limitations in horizontal eye movements, globe retraction, and palpebral fissure narrowing on attempted adduction. This disorder is caused by a disturbance in innervation originating in the brain stem and represents <1% of all cases of strabismus. It is postulated that this syndrome is due to an insult during the early weeks (8-10 weeks) of pregnancy and is 10-20 times more frequently associated with other systemic congenital anomalies. This case report of bilateral DRS included bilateral iris-retinal coloboma and congenital heart disease, sensory hearing loss, and inguinal hernia...
July 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541682/geographic-clusters-of-congenital-anomalies-in-argentina
#18
Boris Groisman, Juan Gili, Lucas Giménez, Fernando Poletta, María Paz Bidondo, Pablo Barbero, Rosa Liascovich, Jorge López-Camelo
Geographical clusters are defined as the occurrence of an unusual number of cases higher than expected in a given geographical area in a certain period of time. The aim of this study was to identify potential geographical clusters of specific selected congenital anomalies (CA) in Argentina. The cases were ascertained from 703,325 births, examined in 133 maternity hospitals in the 24 provinces of Argentina. We used the spatial scan statistic to determine areas of Argentina which had statistically significant elevations of prevalence...
January 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521424/clinically-relevant-timing-of-antenatal-sildenafil-treatment-reduces-pulmonary-vascular-remodeling-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#19
Daphne S Mous, Heleen M Kool, Marjon J Buscop-van Kempen, Anton H Koning, Oleh Dzyubachyk, Rene M H Wijnen, Dick Tibboel, Robbert J Rottier
Patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) suffer from severe pulmonary hypertension attributable to altered development of the pulmonary vasculature, which is often resistant to vasodilator therapy. Present treatment starts postnatally even though significant differences in the pulmonary vasculature are already present early during pregnancy. We examined the effects of prenatal treatment with the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil on pulmonary vascular development in experimental CDH starting at a clinically relevant time...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488114/pregnancy-following-bariatric-surgery-medical-complications-and-management
#20
REVIEW
Ram Prakash Narayanan, Akheel A Syed
Bariatric surgery is most commonly carried out in women of childbearing age. Whilst fertility rates are improved, pregnancy following bariatric surgery poses several challenges. Whilst rates of many adverse maternal and foetal outcomes in obese women are reduced after bariatric surgery, pregnancy is best avoided for 12-24 months to reduce the potential risk of intrauterine growth retardation. Dumping syndromes are common after bariatric surgery and can present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in pregnancy...
October 2016: Obesity Surgery
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