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Musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075524/diagnostic-errors-in-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-imaging-and-how-to-avoid-them
#1
REVIEW
Małgorzata Serafin-Król, Artur Maliborski
The article reviews the major challenges related to the principles of the correct technique of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK US). All the crucial aspects of correct MSK soft tissue diagnosis have been discussed, including equipment settings, use of recent image software innovations and ultrasound standoff pads, and correct transducer positioning. The importance of the fundamental principles of MSK US, facilitating good quality image and limiting the occurrence of artifacts, has been highlighted. The most common artifacts of the musculoskeletal system have been described, including those that diagnostically helpful, such as the presence of echo enhancement deep to a fluid-filled structure, or an acoustic shadow behind a calcification...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075523/standards-for-musculoskeletal-ultrasound
#2
REVIEW
Zbigniew Czyrny
Ultrasound has become the primary diagnostic tool in traumatic, inflammatory and degenerative soft tissue conditions. It is also used to monitor the condition of joints, ligaments, cartilage and muscles. Its widespread availability as well as cases of unsatisfactory quality of equipment and the lack of appropriate training of ultrasound examiners are reasons why standards need to be set for equipment requirements, the scope of ultrasound assessment and examiner's experience. The paper discusses ultrasound criteria that are common for many specialties as well as detailed criteria for the examined regions and structures along with their description...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075519/evaluation-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-physicians-performing-ultrasound
#3
Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski
AIM OF THE STUDY: Owing to its wide availability, relatively low cost and lack of negative effect on the patient, ultrasound has become the most commonly and readily used imaging modality. However, scanning for increasingly long periods of time on a given day and in a given week tends to negatively affect sonographers' health, primarily resulting with the overuse of the musculoskeletal system, as multiple muscles and joints are engaged during scanning. This research has been aimed at evaluating the prevalence and type of musculoskeletal symptoms among diagnostic medical sonographers, as well as identifying their professional profile...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051166/epidemiology-of-imaging-detected-tendon-abnormalities-in-athletes-participating-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-summer-olympics
#4
Mohamed Jarraya, Michel D Crema, Lars Engebretsen, Oleg M Teytelboym, Daichi Hayashi, Frank W Roemer, Abdalla Y Skaf, Ali Guermazi
BACKGROUND: Tendon abnormalities are prevalent among both elite and non-elite athletes. Cross-sectional imaging modalities are used to confirm and evaluate the severity of such lesions. AIM: To describe the demographics, prevalence, anatomical location and characteristics of tendon abnormalities in athletes who participated in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympic Games. METHODS: We recorded all sports injuries reported by the National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and the Organizing Committee medical staff during the Rio 2016 Summer Olympics...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932957/fluoroscopy-vs-ultrasound-guided-aspiration-techniques-in-the-management-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-which-is-the-best
#5
Filippo Randelli, Marco Brioschi, Pietro Randelli, Federico Ambrogi, Silvana Sdao, Alberto Aliprandi
BACKGROUND: Fluid samples obtained from an affected joint still play a central role in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). It is the only preoperative test able to discover the causative microbiological agent. In the hip, fluid aspiration can be performed through fluoroscopy, ultrasound, or, less commonly, computed tomography. However, there is still a lack of consensus on which method is preferable in terms of efficacy and costbenefit. PURPOSES: We, therefore, asked whether (1) the benefits in terms of sensitivity and specificity and (2) the costs were comparable between fluoroscopy- and ultrasound-guided joint aspirations in a suspicious of hip PJI...
September 20, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914990/simulating-the-multi-disciplinary-care-team-approach-enhancing-student-understanding-of-anatomy-through-an-ultrasound-anchored-interprofessional-session
#6
Marianne T Luetmer, Beth A Cloud, James W Youdas, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
Quality of healthcare delivery is dependent on collaboration between professional disciplines. Integrating opportunities for interprofessional learning in health science education programs prepares future clinicians to function as effective members of a multi-disciplinary care team. This study aimed to create a modified team-based learning (TBL) environment utilizing ultrasound technology during an interprofessional learning activity to enhance musculoskeletal anatomy knowledge of first year medical (MD) and physical therapy (PT) students...
September 15, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885963/three-year-analysis-of-value-and-utilization-after-development-of-an-ultrasound-based-orthopedic-injection-clinic
#7
Chase Dukes, Thomas Melton, Eric Turner, Andrew Jackson, Jason Grassbaugh, John Slevin, Edward D Arrington, Josef K Eichinger
INTRODUCTION: Sonography is an effective method of diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal conditions, and the use of ultrasound has been shown to improve the accuracy, safety, and efficacy of both therapeutic and diagnostic injections. In 2012, we established an injection clinic at our institution to address our growing need for diagnostic and therapeutic injections. METHODS: We performed an analysis of value and utilization following the development of an orthopedic injection clinic...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864135/reliability-of-right-to-left-shunt-screening-in-the-prevention-of-scuba-diving-related-decompression-sickness
#8
Emmanuel Gempp, Marianne Lyard, Pierre Louge
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between right-to-left shunt (RLS) and the clinical features of decompression sickness (DCS) in scuba divers and to determine the potential benefit for screening this anatomical predisposition in primary prevention. METHODS: 634 injured divers treated in a single referral hyperbaric facility for different types of DCS were retrospectively compared to 259 healthy divers. All subjects had a RLS screening by contrast Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound according to a standardized method...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856021/wrist-ultrasound-examination-scanning-technique-and-ultrasound-anatomy-part-2-ventral-wrist
#9
REVIEW
Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz
Ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system is an important element of the diagnostic and therapeutic protocol. Clinical decisions, including those regarding surgical procedures, are often based solely on ultrasound imaging. However, detailed knowledge on the anatomy and a correct scanning technique are crucial for an accurate diagnosis. Modern ultrasonographic equipment allows obtaining detailed anatomical images of muscle tendons, ligaments, nerves and vessels of the carpal area. Ventral wrist ultrasound is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801032/physiotherapy-for-patients-with-shoulder-pain-in-primary-care-a-descriptive-study-of-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#10
Y H J M Karel, G G M Scholten-Peeters, M Thoomes-de Graaf, E Duijn, J B van Broekhoven, B W Koes, A P Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is one of the three main musculoskeletal complaints and more than 50% of the patients have symptoms longer than 6 months. Until now, limited data exist about the content of physiotherapy for patients with shoulder pain in primary care. OBJECTIVE: Describe current physiotherapeutic diagnostic- and therapeutic management, including the use of diagnostic ultrasound, in patients with shoulder pain in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study in primary care physiotherapy with a 12 week follow-up...
November 28, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799047/-muscular-injuries-of-athletes-importance-of-ultrasound
#11
REVIEW
A Loizides, H Gruber, S Peer, M Plaikner
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Muscular injuries represent the most common musculoskeletal lesions. Especially in professional athletes an imaging clarification is essential in order to define the exact location of the lesion, the affected muscles, the extent and degree of the injury as well as to define possible concomitant complications. The best possible therapy can be initiated and a necessary rest period for a low risk resumption of sporting activity can be individually specified. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS/METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Due to technical improvements, for example mobile devices and thus increased rapid availability as well as relative cost-effectiveness compared to other modalities, the imaging evaluation of muscle injury would nowadays be unthinkable without ultrasound...
August 10, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744328/ultrasonographic-imaging-and-anti-inflammatory-therapy-of-muscle-and-tendon-injuries-using-polymer-nanoparticles
#12
Gi-Wook Kim, Changsun Kang, Young-Bin Oh, Myoung-Hwan Ko, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Dongwon Lee
Ultrasonography is a reliable diagnostic modality for muscle and tendon injuries, but it has been challenging to find right diagnosis of minor musculoskeletal injuries by conventional ultrasonographic imaging. A large amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are known to be generated during tissue damages such as mechanical injury and therefore H2O2 holds great potential as a diagnostic and therapeutic marker for mechanical injuries in the musculoskeletal system. We previously developed poly(vanillyl alcohol-co-oxalate) (PVAX), which rapidly scavenges H2O2 and exerts antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity in H2O2-associated diseases...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729007/the-feasibility-of-point-of-care-ankle-ultrasound-examination-in-patients-with-recurrent-ankle-sprain-and-chronic-ankle-instability-comparison-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#13
Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of point-of-care ankle ultrasound compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing major ligaments and Achilles tendon injuries in patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability, and to evaluate inter-observer reliability between an emergency physician and a musculoskeletal radiology fellow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in an emergency department. Patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability were recruited...
July 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661826/ultrasound-diagnosis-of-calf-injuries
#14
REVIEW
Jacob Michael Bright, Karl B Fields, Ryan Draper
CONTEXT: The medial head of the gastrocnemius is the third most commonly strained muscle in elite athletes after the biceps femoris and rectus femoris. The differential diagnosis of posterior calf injury includes musculoskeletal and nonmusculoskeletal causes. Classically, delineation of these injuries from one another relied primarily on historical features and physical examination findings. The utilization of musculoskeletal ultrasound (sonography) has augmented the diagnosis of these injuries by providing dynamic, real-time confirmation...
July 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631607/one-year-in-review-2017-ultrasound-in-crystal-arthritis
#15
REVIEW
Esperanza Naredo, Annamaria Iagnocco
Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) has become a relevant part of rheumatology practice and research. This imaging modality substantially allows us to optimise the management of inflammatory, degenerative and crystal-related musculoskeletal diseases. MSUS is a valuable point-of-care tool to accurately assess intra-articular and periarticular abnormalities involved in rheumatic diseases. Furthermore, MSUS is a bedside aid for guiding accurate and safe musculoskeletal diagnostic aspirations and therapeutic injections...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623421/comparison-of-dual-energy-ct-ultrasound-and-surface-measurement-for-assessing-tophus-dissolution-during-rapid-urate-debulking
#16
Dodji V Modjinou, Svetlana Krasnokutsky, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Virginia C Pike, Elaine Karis, Robert T Keenan, Kristen Lee, Daria B Crittenden, Jonathan Samuels, Michael H Pillinger
Tophaceous gout is painful and impairs quality of life. The optimal modality for assessing tophus resolution in response to urate-lowering treatment remains poorly defined. Using pegloticase as a model system for resolving tophi, we compared multiple imaging and physical diagnostic strategies for assessing tophus resolution. A 32-year-old subject with chronic refractory tophaceous gout was enrolled and received 6 months of pegloticase treatment. Measurements of tophi using vernier calipers (monthly), photographs and musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK-US; every 3 months), and dual-energy CT (DECT) were compared...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480792/a-rare-presentation-of-meralgia-paraesthetica-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy
#17
Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Duygu Ozturk, Sukran Guzel, Aytul Cakci
A 44-year-old female with paraesthesia and pain on the left anterolateral thigh who had been diagnosed with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy by electromyography and muscle biopsy is presented. Neurological examination revealed atrophy of the proximal muscles of both shoulders, plus pseudo hypertrophy of both calves. Electromyography exhibited a myopathic pattern. Musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging demonstrated a fusiform nerve swelling below the inguinal ligament suggesting lateral femoral cutaneous nerve compression, consistent with meralgia paraesthetica...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473089/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-suspected-osteomyelitis-septic-arthritis-or-soft-tissue-infection-excluding-spine-and-diabetic-foot
#18
Francesca D Beaman, Paul F von Herrmann, Mark J Kransdorf, Ronald S Adler, Behrang Amini, Marc Appel, Erin Arnold, Stephanie A Bernard, Bennett S Greenspan, Kenneth S Lee, Michael J Tuite, Eric A Walker, Robert J Ward, Daniel E Wessell, Barbara N Weissman
Infection of the musculoskeletal system is a common clinical problem. Differentiating soft tissue from osseous infection often determines the appropriate clinical therapeutic course. Radiographs are the recommend initial imaging examination, and although often not diagnostic in acute osteomyelitis, can provide anatomic evaluation and alternative diagnoses influencing subsequent imaging selection and interpretation. MRI with contrast is the examination of choice for the evaluation of suspected osteomyelitis, and MRI, CT, and ultrasound can all be useful in the diagnosis of soft tissue infection...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460717/the-validity-and-reliability-of-a-pocket-sized-ultrasound-to-diagnose-distal-radius-fracture-and-assess-quality-of-closed-reduction
#19
Brian C Lau, Aaron Robertson, Daria Motamedi, Nicolas Lee
PURPOSE: Handheld ultrasound technology is increasingly used in health care. Its use for fracture care has not been adequately evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate handheld, pocket-sized ultrasound in the diagnosis and assessment of reductions in distal radius fractures. METHODS: A total of 23 patients with distal radius fractures (average age, 53 years; 13 women) and 20 control patients (average age, 53 years; 10 women) were prospectively enrolled...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447158/-ultrasound-diagnostics-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
V S Schäfer, W A Schmidt
Ultrasound of the salivary glands is a specific examination for detecting pathology of salivary glands in the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome. It is easy to learn, rapidly performed, non-invasive and inexpensive. Other imaging techniques, such as sialography and scintigraphy, are currently only rarely performed. For the examination, linear ultrasound probes with frequencies between 7 and 12 MHz are recommended. Such probes are already widely available to the rheumatologist performing musculoskeletal ultrasound...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
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