keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Empyema in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790830/empyema-necessitans-in-a-six-month-old-girl
#1
P Goussard, Robert Gie, Jacques Janson, Savvas Andronikou
Empyema necessitans is a rare complication of acute bacterial pneumonia, especially in children. It is a complication of empyema characterised by the extension of pus from the pleural cavity into the thoracic wall to form a mass of purulent fluid in the adjacent soft tissue. An inflammatory chest wall mass following pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumonia in a six-month-old infant is reported. The case emphasises that children presenting with persistent fever and a painful chest wall mass following pneumonia should be investigated immediately as there might be an urgent need for surgery...
May 23, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782063/intrapleural-streptokinase-was-effective-and-safe-for-children-with-multi-loculated-empyema-regardless-of-the-time-from-disease-onset
#2
Joseph L Mathew, Vimlesh Soni, Meenu Singh, Piyush Mittal, Sunit Singhi, Vikas Gautam, Kushaljit S Sodhi, Jayashree Muralidharan, Pankaj Vaidya
AIM: This study compared the efficacy of administering intrapleural streptokinase to children with multi-loculated empyema within 14 days or at any time after disease onset. METHODS: We studied children under 12 years who were admitted to a teaching hospital in Chandigarh, India, from July 2013 to June 2017 with multi-loculated empyema and received antibiotics, pleural drainage and intrapleural streptokinase. The first group only received three doses within 14 days of disease onset, the second received three doses any time after onset and the third group received 4-6 doses any time after onset...
May 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754841/-risks-associated-with-the-use-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-during-pneumonia
#3
REVIEW
G Voiriot, M Chalumeau, J Messika, D Basille, B Philippe, J-D Ricard, C Andrejak, V Jounieaux, O Sanchez, M Fartoukh
INTRODUCTION: Outpatient treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is frequent, although this is not based on clinical recommendations and there is no scientific evidence supporting better symptom relief in comparison to acetaminophen. STATE OF THE ART: Experimental data suggest that NSAIDs alter the intrinsic functions of neutrophils, limit their locoregional recruitment, alter bacterial clearance and delay the resolution of inflammatory processes during acute bacterial pulmonary challenge...
May 10, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751582/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-new-host-genomic-susceptibility-factors-in-empyema-caused-by-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-children-a-pilot-study
#4
Antonio Salas, Jacobo Pardo-Seco, Ruth Barral-Arca, Miriam Cebey-López, Alberto Gómez-Carballa, Irene Rivero-Calle, Sara Pischedda, María-José Currás-Tuala, Jorge Amigo, José Gómez-Rial, Federico Martinón-Torres
Pneumonia is the leading cause of death amongst infectious diseases. Streptococcus pneumoniae is responsible for about 25% of pneumonia cases worldwide, and it is a major cause of childhood mortality. We carried out a whole exome sequencing (WES) study in eight patients with complicated cases of pneumococcal pneumonia (empyema). An initial assessment of statistical association of WES variation with pneumonia was carried out using data from the 1000 Genomes Project (1000G) for the Iberian Peninsula (IBS) as reference controls...
May 3, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748704/subdural-empyema-due-to-salmonella-paratyphi-b-in-an-infant-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Vijai Williams, Keshavamurthy Mysore Lakshmikantha, Karthi Nallasamy, K C Sudeep, Arun Kumar Baranwal, Muralidharan Jayashree
Intracranial infection due to Salmonella is uncommon in children. Subdural empyema (SDE) is described with Salmonella typhi as a complication of meningitis. We report a 6-month-old infant with SDE secondary to Salmonella paratyphi B who had presented with prolonged fever and enlarging head. A literature review of Salmonella SDE in infants with respect to clinical course and outcome is presented.
May 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697077/surgical-management-of-stage-iii-pediatric-empyema-thoracis
#6
Aditya Pratap Singh, Arvind Kumar Shukla, Pramila Sharma, Jyotsna Shukla
Aim and Objective: This study aims to report 100 pediatric patients of empyema thoracis treated by open decortication, highlighting the presentation, delay in referral, operative findings, the response to surgical intervention, and follow-up. Materials and Methods: All the children who underwent open decortication for stage III empyema thoracis during the study period January 2015-December 2016 were included. Preoperative workup included hemogram, serum protein, chest radiographs, and contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CECT) scan of the chest...
May 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685595/invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-northern-alberta-not-a-red-queen-but-a-dark-horse
#7
Thomas J Marrie, Gregory J Tyrrell, Sumit R Majumdar, Dean T Eurich
BACKGROUND: The consequences of the introduction of various pneumococcal protein conjugate vaccines (PCV) for children and adults is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We undertook a population-based cohort study of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Northern Alberta (Canada) from 2000 to 2014, years spanning pre-and early PCV (2000-2004) vs PCV-7 (2005-2009) vs PCV-13 (2010-2014) time periods. DESIGN: We collected clinical, laboratory, and Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype information on all patients from 2000 to 2014...
April 20, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682010/craniofacial-trauma-in-pediatric-patients-following-winnowing-blade-injury-review-of-literature
#8
REVIEW
Harsha Huliyappa, Balakrishna Ojha, Anil Chandra, Sunil Kumar Singh, Chhitij Srivastava
In developing countries, during the harvest season, winnower blade injuries occur very frequently in children and results in lifelong disability. Nine children were managed during 1 month, all resulting due to winnower blade induced craniofacial trauma. PubMed search for "fan blade injury" showed two case series and three case reports. In our study, 88% had compound depressed fracture; brain matter leak in 56%, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak alone in 22%. 66.7% had injury involving the frontal bone...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628834/comparison-of-analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-of-continuous-epidural-infusion-versus-local-infiltration-and-systemic-opioids-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-decortication-in-pediatric-empyema-patients
#9
Priyanka Pradeep Karnik, Nandini Malay Dave, Madhu Garasia
Introduction: The stripping of the densely innervated and inflamed parietal pleura in empyema during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) decortication can lead to significant pain and major postoperative respiratory compromise. Hence, we compared the analgesic efficacy of continuous epidural infusion versus local infiltration and systemic opioids in children undergoing VATS decortications. Methodology: Following ethics approval and informed consent, forty patients from 1 to 12 years of age were randomized into two groups, Group E (epidural) and Group L (local infiltration) after induction of anesthesia...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622912/uncommon-pathogen-bacillus-cereus-causing-subdural-empyema-in-a-child
#10
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Leny Kartina, Dwiyanti Puspitasari, Erny Erny
Background: Subdural empyema (SDE) in children is a severe intracranial infection. Many pathogens can cause SDE. Case Details: In this articlewe present a 15-month old Indonesian boy diagnosed as SDE based on the clinical symptoms and neuroimaging. A complete blood count showed white blood cell count of 13.800/mm3 and the CRP level was 8.3 mg/L. Craniotomy following burr hole drainage procedure was performed to decrease intracranial pressure. The liquor culture indicated Bacillus cereus...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567906/nontuberculous-mycobacterial-empyema-in-an-immunocompetent-child
#11
Ira Shah, Forum Shah
Nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) species are mycobacterial species other than those belonging to the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis complex and Mycobacterium leprae. There are very few reports of NTM in immunocompetent children causing empyema. In this article, we report a 9-year-old immunocompetent girl who presented with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare empyema.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564197/conservative-management-of-acalculous-cholecystitis-in-a-seven-year-old-child
#12
Jessica Y Ng, Jennie Gu
Acute acalculous cholecystitis is an uncommon disease in children and is usually associated with trauma, burns, and infections. Whereas acute acalculous cholecystitis is only seen in 10% of cholecystitis in adults, it is uncommon in the paediatric population. A seven-year-old male presented to the emergency department of a regional hospital with a 36-hour history of right-upper-quadrant abdominal pain. He had associated symptoms of anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. He was septic with raised white cell count and inflammatory markers...
January 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510484/trends-in-pediatric-complicated-pneumonia-in-an-ontario-local-health-integration-network
#13
Tahereh Haji, Adam Byrne, Tom Kovesi
Following the introduction of 7-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV7), while overall rates of invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumococcal pneumonia in children declined, rates of empyema increased. We examined changes in the incidence of hospitalization for pediatric complicated pneumonia (PCOMP) in Eastern Ontario, Canada, particularly since the introduction of the 13-valent vaccine (PCV13). A retrospective chart review was carried out evaluating previously healthy children admitted with PCOMP, which included empyema, parapneumonic effusion, necrotizing pneumonia, and lung abscess between 2002 and 2015...
March 3, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442395/paediatric-thoracic-empyema-in-the-tropical-north-queensland-region-of-australia-epidemiological-trends-over-a-decade
#14
Anil Gautam, Gregory G Wiseman, Marika L Goodman, Simon Ahmedpour, Daniel Lindsay, Adele Heyer, Harry Stalewski, Robert E Norton, Andrew V White
AIM: The Townsville Hospital and Health Service is the regional referral centre for children in the north of Queensland. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) people make up 7-10% of the population. Increasing numbers of children with paediatric thoracic empyema (pTE) are being referred to Townsville Hospital and Health Service for management. This study aims to describe the incidence rates, epidemiology, microbiology and trends of this disease in North Queensland over a 10-year period...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415741/elucidating-the-impact-of-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-programme-on-pneumonia-sepsis-and-otitis-media-hospital-admissions-in-england-using-a-composite-control
#15
Dominic Thorrington, Nick Andrews, Julia Stowe, Elizabeth Miller, Albert Jan van Hoek
BACKGROUND: The seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) was introduced in England in September 2006, changing to the 13-valent vaccine in April 2010. PCV impact on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) has been extensively reported, but less described is its impact on the burden of pneumonia, sepsis and otitis media in the hospital. METHODS: Using details on all admissions to hospitals in England, we compared the incidence of pneumococcal-specific and syndromic disease endpoints in a 24-month pre-PCV period beginning April 2004 to the 24-month period ending March 2015 to derive incidence rate ratios (IRRs)...
February 8, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297142/bacterial-infections-of-the-central-nervous-system
#16
REVIEW
Renu Suthar, Naveen Sankhyan
Bacterial infections of the central nervous system (CNS) continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The spectrum of bacterial infection of CNS includes; focal or multifocal infections like brain abscesses or subdural empyema; or more generalized or diffuse infections like pyogenic meningitis or ventriculitis. Focal and generalized infections may co-exist in an individual patient. Prompt and adequate antibiotic therapy and occasionally neurosurgical interventions are the cornerstone of effective management...
January 3, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290748/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-prolonged-infusion-aztreonam-for-multi-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-a-case-report
#17
Jeffrey J Cies, Richard J LaCoursiere, Wayne S Moore, Arun Chopra
Aztreonam, a broad-spectrum monobactam, is typically reserved for multidrug resistant (MDR) infections. Pharmacokinetic (PK) data to guide dosing in children, however, are limited to healthy volunteers or nonintensive care unit (ICU) patients. Impaired antibiotic delivery into tissue remains a major concern and may explain the high morbidity and mortality associated with MDR infections. Therefore, evaluating the PK changes in pediatric ICU patients is necessary to elucidate the most appropriate antimicrobial regimen...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207796/clinico-aetiological-study-of-severe-and-very-severe-pneumonia-in-two-months-to-five-years-children-in-a-tertiary-health-care-centre-in-odisha-india
#18
Jyotiranjan Champatiray, Jyotiranjan Satapathy, Baikunthanath Kashyap, Dipankar Mondal
Introduction: Pneumonia is a major cause of mortality under five-year-old children. In spite of recent advances in management, there is paucity of data on clinical, aetiological profile of severe and very severe pneumonia among under five-year-old children in developing countries. Aim: To determine the clinico-aetiological factors of severe and very severe pneumonia and its outcome in children aged two -months to five-years in a tertiary health care centre in Odisha, India...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179982/paediatric-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-on-the-island-of-gran-canaria-16-year-prospective-study-2001-2016
#19
Milagrosa Santana Hernández, Ione Ahedey Aguiar-Santana, Fernando Artiles Campelo, Elena Colino Gil
OBJECTIVES: To calculate the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in the paediatric population of Gran Canaria (Spain), its clinical and epidemiological characteristics, serotype distribution, antibiotic resistance, and variations in these variables before and after the introduction of the PCV13 vaccine. METHODS: Prospective hospital-based study including all patients (190) aged 0-14 years admitted with confirmed IPD between January 2001-May 2010 (152 cases) and June 2010-December 2016 (38 cases)...
November 24, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076932/evaluation-of-the-clinical-utility-of-a-real-time-pcr-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-bacteremia-in-children-a-retrospective-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#20
Jane Murphy, Sadhbh O' Rourke, Mary Corcoran, Nicola O' Sullivan, Robert Cunney, Richard Drew
BACKGROUND: The widespread uptake of pneumococcal vaccines has substantially reduced the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease, such that pneumococcal bacteremia in children is now considered a relatively rare event. The objective of this study was to ascertain the clinical utility of a Streptococcus pneumoniae real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay compared with standard blood culture for the diagnosis of pneumococcal bacteremia in children in the post-vaccine era. METHODS: A systematic retrospective review of laboratory and patient records from Children's University Hospital, Temple Street, during a 6-year period was performed...
February 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
keyword
keyword
89767
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"