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Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis

A Escudier, S Courbage, V Meignin, S Abbou, S Sauvion, M Houlier, A Galerne, J Gaudelus, L de Pontual, M Simonin
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a rare cause of lymphadenopathy in children. This benign disease can mimic lymphoma and misleads doctors. It was first described in Asia, where it occurred especially in young women. Recent publications show that it can also affect teenagers and young adults in Caucasian populations. The pathophysiology remains unknown. Three hypotheses have been raised for this disease: the role of viruses (in particular HHV-8), genetic predisposition (two alleles in HLA class II genes were found more frequently in patients with Kikuchi disease), and an autoimmune cause because of the correlation with lupus erythematosus...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
C-A Lame, B Loum, A-K Fall, J Cucherousset, A-R Ndiaye
INTRODUCTION: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a benign disease most commonly affecting adult females. It generally presents in the form of febrile cervical lymphadenopathy. This diagnosis must be considered in the setting of tropical medicine, dominated by a high prevalence of tuberculous lymphadenitis and haematological malignancies. CASE REPORT: The authors report the case of a 33-year-old Senegalese woman who presented with subacute cervical lymphadenopathy associated with fever and laboratory signs of inflammation...
March 6, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Bianca Barbat, Ruby Jhaj, Daniyeh Khurram
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is an uncommon condition, typically characterized by lymphadenopathy and fevers. It usually has a benign course; however, it may progress to fatality in extremely rare occasions. The diagnosis is made via lymph node biopsy and histopathology. Our patient was a young female who presented with shortness of breath, fever, and malaise. Physical examination revealed significant cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy. Chest X-ray displayed multilobar pneumonia...
February 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
F Pepe, S Disma, C Teodoro, P Pepe, G Magro
Kikuchi-Fujmoto disease (KFD), also known as "histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis", is a rare lymphadenitis of unknown origin, but with an excellent prognosis. It is more common in Asia, but isolated cases are also reported in America, Africa and Europe. The disease can have an acute or subacute course, usually develops in 1 to 3 weeks, with spontaneous resolution in 1-4 months. The main clinical sign is cervical lymphadenopathy, especially in the posterior cervical triangle with bulky and painful lymph nodes, usually affecting only one side; rare cases of generalized lymphadenopathy can be seen...
September 2016: Pathologica
Hidenori Kido, Osamu Kano, Asami Hamai, Hiroyuki Masuda, Yutaka Fuchinoue, Masaaki Nemoto, Chiaki Arai, Teppei Takeda, Fumihito Yamabe, Toshihiro Tai, Mizuki Kasahara, Kenichi Suzuki, Nobuyuki Shiraga, Sota Sadamoto, Megumi Wakayama, Yukitoshi Takahashi, Yasuo Iwasaki, Kazutoshi Shibuya, Yoshihisa Urita
BACKGROUND: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a self-limited clinicopathologic entity that is increasingly recognized worldwide. Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy occurring in young adults. Neurologic involvement is rare, and testitis directly caused by Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease has not yet been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old man was brought to our clinic with complaints of fever, headache, fatigue, and left lower quadrant pain that had persisted for 3 weeks...
February 1, 2017: BMC Neurology
Aram Behdadnia, Seyyed Farshad Allameh, Mehrnaz Asadi Gharabaghi, Seyed Reza Najafizadeh, Ahmad Tahamoli Roudsari, Alireza Ghajar, Morsaleh Ganji, Mohsen Afarideh
A 31-year old woman with persistent fever for 6 weeks and unresponsive to antibiotic therapy came for rheumatologic investigation. After computed tomography (CT) studies of her neck, thorax and abdomen revealed bilateral cervical, axillary and retroperitoneal lymph node enlargements, histopathologic evaluation of the resected nodes showed features of histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenopathy suggestive of Kikuchi-Fujimoto's lymphadenopathy. Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease (KFD) involving the retroperitoneal nodes is extremely unusual and even more challenging to diagnose when there are no early signs of extranodal involvement or abdominopelvic pain...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Diego F Baenas, Fernando A Diehl, María J Haye Salinas, Verónica Riva, Ana Diller, Pablo A Lemos
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is an infrequent idiopathic disorder. It has been associated with autoimmune disorders, of which systemic lupus erythematosus is the most outstanding. The basis of its diagnosis relies on the histological examination of lymph nodes, which typically reveals necrosis surrounded by histiocytes with crescentic nucleus, immunoblasts and plasma cells, and absence of neutrophils. We report the case of a 27-year-old Argentinian female patient without any relevant past medical history to demonstrate the correlation between Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease and systemic lupus erythematosus...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Arvind P Ganpule, Jaspreet Singh Chabra, Abhishek G Singh, Gopal R Tak, Shailesh Soni, Ravindra Sabnis, Mahesh Desai
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is an extremely rare disease with a worldwide distribution and higher prevalence in Asians. It is a benign and self-limiting disorder, characterized by regional cervical lymphadenopathy accompanied with mild fever and night sweats. Lymph node histopathology is diagnostic and treating physicians should be aware of this entity as it may mimic other systemic diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus, tuberculosis, malignant lymphoma, and more rarely adenocarcinoma. Key features on lymph node biopsy are fragmentation, necrosis and karyorrhexis...
2016: F1000Research
Tetsuya Tabata, Katsuyoshi Takata, Tomoko Miyata-Takata, Yasuharu Sato, Shin Ishizawa, Tomoyoshi Kunitomo, Keina Nagakita, Nobuhiko Ohnishi, Kohei Taniguchi, Mai Noujima-Harada, Yoshinobu Maeda, Mitsune Tanimoto, Tadashi Yoshino
INTRODUCTION: Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (or Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease) frequently occurs in Asian young adult females and typically presents as cervical lymphadenopathy with unknown etiology. Although large immunoblasts frequently appear in Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, the diffuse infiltration of these cells can cause difficulty in establishing a differential diagnosis from lymphoma. In such cases, CD30 immunostaining may be used; however, the extent or distribution pattern of CD30-positive cells in Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease remains largely unknown...
July 6, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Maria Luisa Fiorella, Matteo Gelardi, Andrea Marzullo, Elena Sabattini, Raffaele Fiorella
Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease (KFD) is a rare, benign condition characterized by histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis predominantly in the cervical region and prolonged fever. It has a higher prevalence in the Japanese and Asian populations although it may be seen in a wide geographic distribution, but rare are the cases reported in Europe. While symptoms resolve spontaneously between 2 weeks and 2 months, complications are described in: CNS, eyes, respiratory tract, kidney and liver. KFD also described an association with systemic lupus erythematosus...
March 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Rohit Kataria, Pankaj Rao, Dilip Kachhawa, Vinod K Jain, Rajat K Tuteja, Manish Vijayvargiya
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis is a rare, benign, self-limiting disease with unknown etiology characterized by regional lymphadenopathy. A 30-year-old female presented with fever, weakness, multiple joint pain, oral ulcers, erythematous facial rashes, hemorrhagic crusting on both lips, and cervical lymphadenopathy of 2-month duration. Clinically, the disease was mimicking systemic lupus erythematosus, but immunofluorescence was negative for it. Lymph node biopsy suggested a diagnosis of KFD...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
P Błasiak, M Jeleń, A Rzechonek, M Marciniak, K Pawełczyk, J Cianciara, J Kołodziej, B Muszczyńska-Bernhard
Kikuchi Fujimoto disease (KFD) as a rare self-limiting lymphadenopathy of short and benign course concerns most frequently the lymph nodes of the neck. The most common symptoms are painfulness of the diseased area, fever and night sweating. The etiology is not well understood, but in the role of pathogenesis viral, autoimmune and genetic factors are taken into account. In the presented case of 37-year-old female it was necessary to exclude diseases such as lymphoma or thymoma because of atypical mediastinal location of Kikuchi Fujimoto disease...
March 2016: Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
R Bakir, A-L Lecapitaine, J Chevalier, B Juberthie, M-A Bouldouyre, H Gros
INTRODUCTION: The histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis or Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease is characterized by a lymph node inflammation whose similarity with systemic lupus is generally admitted. CASE REPORT: Our description of two familial cases aims at raising the hypothesis of the existence of a genetic background in this disease following the example of what is observed in the autoimmune diseases. CONCLUSION: Pathophysiology of Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease is probably multifactorial and may include predisposing genetic background and a possible infectious triggering event...
November 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Hua Du, Yonghong Shi, Yingxu Shi
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical manifestation, pathologic features and immunophenotype of histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL). METHODS: The clinicopathologic data of 84 patients with HNL from 2005 to 2014 were retrospectively studied. Immunohistochemical staining using EliVision method for CD20, PAX5, CD3, CD45RO, CD4, CD8, CD56, CD68, CD123, granzyme-B, TIA1 and MPO was carried out. In-situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus RNA was performed on archival lymph node biopsy tissue...
February 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Hyun Mi Kang, Ji Young Kim, Eun Hwa Choi, Hoan Jong Lee, Ki Wook Yun, Hyunju Lee
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical characteristics of children with Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease focusing on cases with prolonged fever. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of children diagnosed with Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease from March 2003 to February 2015 in South Korea. Electronic medical records were searched for clinical and laboratory manifestations. RESULTS: Among 86 histopathologically confirmed cases, the mean age was 13.2 (SD ± 3...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Mozaffar Aznab, Naser Kamalian, Jaffar Navabi, Kaveh Kavianimoghadam
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis is an idiopathic, self-limiting disorder and predominantly affects young women. We report a 35-year-old female who presented with soft to firm cervical lymphadenopathy and neck pain. She had multiple enlarged cervical nodes. Examination of other systems was normal. Lymph node biopsy was performed, and the histological features, and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis. The Patient was treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and low-dose prednisolone...
November 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
Jun Zhang, Jun Yang, Wan-Wen Weng, Yang-Jun Zhu, Hong Qiu, Meng-Jie Dong
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), known as subacute necrotizing histiocytic lymphadenitis, is an extremely rare, benign and self-limited disease, and has been infrequently reported with autoimmune diseases. Here we report a 17-year-old girl pathologically diagnosed as KFD who suffered recurrence of KFD and developed into Sjogren's syndrome (SS) after four years and then performed a systematic literature search about KFD associated with SS in which seven patients was reviewed in detail. The results show that SS may be prior to, simultaneous with or following KFD and it developed mainly in young (average age: 25 years), female patients (4/5) after KFD with an average latency of 43 months...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Hiroko Sato, Shigeyuki Asano, Kikuo Mori, Kazuki Yamazaki, Haruki Wakasa
We confirmed the characteristic clinical features of necrotizing lymphadenitis (NEL) in 66 cases (23 male, 43 female) in Japan, which included high fever (38-40°), painful cervical lymphadenopathy (62/66, 93.9%), and leukopenia (under 4,000/mm(3)) (25/53, 47.2%), without seasonal occurrence, in a clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, electron microscopic serological study. Patient age varied from 3-55 years, and 72.7% (44/66) of patients were younger than 30 years. Histopathology of NEL was characterized by the presence of CD8(+) immunoblasts, CD123(+) cells (plasmacytoid dendritic cells; PDCs), histiocytes and macrophages phagocytizing CD4(+) apoptotic lymphocytes, but no granulocytes or bacteria...
2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology: JCEH
Jie Xu, Heather H Sun, Christopher D M Fletcher, Jason L Hornick, Elizabeth A Morgan, Gordon J Freeman, F Stephen Hodi, Geraldine S Pinkus, Scott J Rodig
Programmed cell death 1 ligands 1 and 2 (PD-L1 and PD-L2) are cell surface proteins expressed by activated antigen-presenting cells and by select malignancies that bind PD-1 on T cells to inhibit immune responses. Antibodies targeting PD-1 or PD-L1 elicit antitumor immunity in a subset of patients, and clinical response correlates with PD-1 ligand expression by malignant or immune cells within the tumor microenvironment. We examined the expression of PD-1 ligands on subsets of antigen-presenting cells and 87 histiocytic and dendritic cell disorders including those that are benign, borderline, and malignant...
April 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
F Andriamampionona Tsitohery, V F Ranaivomanana, O Laza, N S Randrianjafisamindrakotroka
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis is a rare and unfamiliar clinicopathological entity characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy, often associated with systemic signs such fever and night sweats. We report the first three Malagasy cases of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, diagnosed at the Pathology Lab of Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona Hospital, occurring in three female patients of 11, 19 and 35 years old. The clinical course mimicked lymphoma in one case and tuberculosis in two cases...
October 2015: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
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