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Electrical stimulation in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898173/utility-of-stereoelectroencephalography-in-children-with-dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumor-and-cortical-malformation
#1
Jun T Park, Guadalupe Fernandez Baca Vaca, Jennifer Avery, Jonathan P Miller
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled seizures in children can contribute to irreversible cognitive impairment and developmental delay, in addition to placing them at risk for sudden unexplained death in epileptic patients (SUDEP). Since its introduction at Saint Ann Hospital in Paris in the 1960s, stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is increasingly being utilized at epilepsy centers in the United States as an invasive tool to help localize the seizure focus in drug-resistant focal epilepsy. INDICATIONS: Children with symptomatic epilepsy, commonly due to cortical dysplasia and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET), may benefit from SEEG investigation...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891823/longitudinal-changes-in-electrically-evoked-auditory-event-related-potentials-in-children-with-auditory-brainstem-implants-preliminary-results-recorded-over-3-years
#2
Shuman He, Holly F B Teagle, Tyler C McFayden, Matthew Ewend, Lillian Henderson, Nancy He, Craig A Buchman
OBJECTIVES: This preliminary study aimed (1) to assess longitudinal changes in electrically evoked auditory event-related potentials (eERPs) in children with auditory brainstem implants (ABIs) and (2) to explore whether these changes could be accounted for by maturation in the central auditory system of these patients. DESIGN: Study participants included 5 children (S1 to S5) with an ABI in the affected ear. The stimulus was a train of electrical pulses delivered to individual ABI electrodes via a research interface...
September 7, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869434/effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-kinesio-taping-applications-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-on-postural-control-and-sitting-balance
#3
Bülent Elbasan, Kamile Uzun Akkaya, Mufit Akyüz, Deran Oskay
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), and Kinesio Taping (KT) applications are separately used to improve postural control and sitting balance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the combined effect of NDT, NMES and KT applications on postural control and sitting balance in children with CP. METHODS: Forty five children, in 3 groups, between the ages 5-12 years were included in the study...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826627/neurostimulation-for-abdominal-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-adolescents-a-randomised-double-blind-sham-controlled-trial
#4
Katja Kovacic, Keri Hainsworth, Manu Sood, Gisela Chelimsky, Rachel Unteutsch, Melodee Nugent, Pippa Simpson, Adrian Miranda
BACKGROUND: Development of safe and effective therapies for paediatric abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders is needed. A non-invasive, US Food and Drug Administration-cleared device (Neuro-Stim, Innovative Health Solutions, IN, USA) delivers percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation (PENFS) in the external ear to modulate central pain pathways. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of PENFS in adolescents with abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders...
August 18, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815571/functional-electrical-stimulation-of-the-ankle-dorsiflexors-during-walking-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Irene Moll, Johannes S H Vles, Dan L H M Soudant, Adhiambo M A Witlox, Heleen M Staal, Lucianne A W M Speth, Yvonne J M Janssen-Potten, Marcel Coenen, Suzanne M Koudijs, R Jeroen Vermeulen
AIM: To assess the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of ankle dorsiflexors in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) during walking. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six databases were searched for studies applying interventions to patients aged younger than 20 years...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774583/language-and-motor-function-thresholds-during-pediatric-extra-operative-electrical-cortical-stimulation-brain-mapping
#6
Alonso Zea Vera, Gewalin Aungaroon, Paul S Horn, Anna W Byars, Hansel M Greiner, Jeffrey R Tenney, Todd M Arthur, Nathan E Crone, Katherine D Holland, Francesco T Mangano, Ravindra Arya
OBJECTIVE: To examine current thresholds and their determinants for language and motor mapping with extra-operative electrical cortical stimulation (ECS). METHODS: ECS electrocorticograph recordings were reviewed to determine functional thresholds. Predictors of functional thresholds were found with multivariable analyses. RESULTS: In 122 patients (age 11.9±5.4years), average minimum, frontal, and temporal language thresholds were 7.4 (± 3...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767271/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-on-motor-functions-and-self-care-ability-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Bei Zhang, Yulan Zhu, Congyu Jiang, Ce Li, Yingying Li, Yulong Bai, Yi Wu
OBJECTIVES: To observe the effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) in improving motor functions and self-care abilities in children with cerebral palsy in their early childhood. DESIGN: A preliminary, prospective, cohort study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: Multicenter. SUBJECTS: Children aged 2-6 years old. INTERVENTIONS: Twenty-three children were included in the study and randomly assigned to a control group ([CG] N = 11) or a therapeutic group ([TG] N = 12)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747281/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-children-with-monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#8
Cecilie Siggaard Jørgensen, Konstantinos Kamperis, Luise Borch, Britt Borg, Søren Rittig
PURPOSE: In a third of all children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis their condition is refractory to first line treatments. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation has been documented to be efficacious in children with daytime incontinence. We investigated the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis without nocturnal polyuria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (3 or more wet nights per week) and no nocturnal polyuria were randomized to treatment with active or sham transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation involving 1-hour sessions twice daily for 10 weeks in a double-blind design...
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709880/low-intensity-transcranial-electric-stimulation-safety-ethical-legal-regulatory-and-application-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
A Antal, I Alekseichuk, M Bikson, J Brockmöller, A R Brunoni, R Chen, L G Cohen, G Dowthwaite, J Ellrich, A Flöel, F Fregni, M S George, R Hamilton, J Haueisen, C S Herrmann, F C Hummel, J P Lefaucheur, D Liebetanz, C K Loo, C D McCaig, C Miniussi, P C Miranda, V Moliadze, M A Nitsche, R Nowak, F Padberg, A Pascual-Leone, W Poppendieck, A Priori, S Rossi, P M Rossini, J Rothwell, M A Rueger, G Ruffini, K Schellhorn, H R Siebner, Y Ugawa, A Wexler, U Ziemann, M Hallett, W Paulus
Low intensity transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) in humans, encompassing transcranial direct current (tDCS), transcutaneous spinal Direct Current Stimulation (tsDCS), transcranial alternating current (tACS), and transcranial random noise (tRNS) stimulation or their combinations, appears to be safe. No serious adverse events (SAEs) have been reported so far in over 18,000 sessions administered to healthy subjects, neurological and psychiatric patients, as summarized here. Moderate adverse events (AEs), as defined by the necessity to intervene, are rare, and include skin burns with tDCS due to suboptimal electrode-skin contact...
September 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678078/responsiveness-of-the-electrically-stimulated-cochlear-nerve-in-children-with-cochlear-nerve-deficiency
#10
Shuman He, Bahar S Shahsavarani, Tyler C McFayden, Haibo Wang, Katherine E Gill, Lei Xu, Xiuhua Chao, Jianfen Luo, Ruijie Wang, Nancy He
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (1) investigate the responsiveness of the cochlear nerve (CN) to a single biphasic-electrical pulse in implanted children with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) and (2) compare their results with those measured in implanted children with normal-size CNs. DESIGN: Participants included 23 children with CND (CND1 to CND23) and 18 children with normal-size CNs (S1 to S18). All subjects except for CND1 used Cochlear Nucleus cochlear implants with contour electrode arrays in their test ears...
July 1, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631161/the-role-of-eabr-with-intracochlear-test-electrode-in-decision-making-between-cochlear-and-brainstem-implants-preliminary-results
#11
Betul Cicek Cinar, Mehmet Yarali, Gamze Atay, Munir Demir Bajin, Gonca Sennaroglu, Levent Sennaroglu
The objective of the study was to discuss the findings of intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (eABR) test results with a recently designed intracochlear test electrode (ITE) in terms of their relation to decisions of cochlear or auditory brainstem implantation. This clinical study was conducted in Hacettepe University, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Audiology. Subjects were selected from inner ear malformation (IEM) database. Eleven subjects with profound sensorineural hearing loss were included in the current study with age range from 1 year 3 months to 4 years 3 months for children with prelingual hearing loss...
June 19, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591842/children-with-cerebral-palsy-hyper-gate-somatosensory-stimulations-of-the-foot
#12
Max J Kurz, Alex I Wiesman, Nathan M Coolidge, Tony W Wilson
We currently have a substantial knowledge gap in our understanding of the neurophysiological underpinnings of the sensory perception deficits often reported in the clinic for children with cerebral palsy (CP). In this investigation, we have begun to address this knowledge gap by using magnetoencephalography (MEG) brain imaging to evaluate the sensory gating of neural oscillations in the somatosensory cortices. A cohort of children with CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System II-III) and typically developing children underwent paired-pulse electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve during MEG...
June 7, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539869/correct-the-smile-of-a-child-by-neuromuscular-facilitation-technique-an-interesting-case-report
#13
Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Bell's palsy (BP) in children is a rare case with no documented evidence regarding its rehabilitation management. Till date, individuals with BP are being treated with electrical stimulation are proportionately greater than other conventional means such as facial exercise and massage. These conventional modes of treatment have proved to have less incidence of synkinesis with more benefits. Here, we report a case of a 7-year-old boy diagnosed clinically to have right idiopathic facial nerve paralysis, who underwent 14 days of facial proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises along with facial therapeutic massage...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413698/simultaneous-bilateral-cochlear-implants-developmental-advances-do-not-yet-achieve-normal-cortical-processing
#14
Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Michael Deighton, Blake Papsin, Karen Gordon
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral cochlear implantation promotes symmetric development of bilateral auditory pathways but binaural hearing remains abnormal. To evaluate whether bilateral cortical processing remains impaired in such children, cortical activity to unilateral and bilateral stimuli was assessed in a unique cohort of 16 children who received bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) simultaneously at 1.97 ± 0.86 years of age and had ~4 years of CI experience, providing the first opportunity to assess electrically driven cortical development in the absence of reorganized asymmetries from sequential implantation...
April 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393668/evaluation-of-functional-mobility-outcomes-following-electrical-stimulation-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#15
Rupsha Mukhopadhyay, Prasanna K Lenka, Abhishek Biswas, Manjunatha Mahadevappa
This study investigated the clinical feasibility of electrical stimulation in enhancing ankle dorsiflexion of the tibialis anterior muscle to improve mobility in children with spastic cerebral palsy. The intervention group received electrical stimulation therapy for 30 minutes and physiotherapy for another 30 minutes for 5 days a week, up to 12 weeks. Gait parameters, Gross Motor Function Measure, Physiological Cost Index, surface electromyogram, and electroencephalogram (EEG) data were recorded pre- and posttreatment...
June 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334963/three-and-four-dimensional-mapping-of-speech-and-language-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#16
Yasuo Nakai, Jeong-Won Jeong, Erik C Brown, Robert Rothermel, Katsuaki Kojima, Toshimune Kambara, Aashit Shah, Sandeep Mittal, Sandeep Sood, Eishi Asano
We have provided 3-D and 4D mapping of speech and language function based upon the results of direct cortical stimulation and event-related modulation of electrocorticography signals. Patients estimated to have right-hemispheric language dominance were excluded. Thus, 100 patients who underwent two-stage epilepsy surgery with chronic electrocorticography recording were studied. An older group consisted of 84 patients at least 10 years of age (7367 artefact-free non-epileptic electrodes), whereas a younger group included 16 children younger than age 10 (1438 electrodes)...
March 16, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327453/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-combined-with-oxybutynin-is-superior-to-monotherapy-in-children-with-urge-incontinence-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#17
Luise Borch, Soeren Hagstroem, Konstantinos Kamperis, C V Siggaard, Soeren Rittig
PURPOSE: We evaluated whether combination therapy with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and oxybutynin results in a superior treatment response compared to either therapy alone in children with urge incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this placebo controlled study 66 children with a mean ± SD age of 7.3 ± 1.6 years who were diagnosed with urge incontinence were randomized to 3 treatment groups. Group 1 consisted of 22 children undergoing transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation plus active oxybutynin administration...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315283/effect-of-swallowing-rehabilitation-protocol-on-swallowing-function-in-patients-with-esophageal-atresia-and-or-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#18
Selen Serel Arslan, Tutku Soyer, Numan Demir, Sule Yalcın, Ayşe Karaduman, Ibrahim Karnak, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of Swallowing Rehabilitation Protocol (SRP) on swallowing function (SF) of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) patients with pharyngeal swallowing disorder. Materials and Methods In this study, 24 children with EA-TEF who had deglutitive and respiratory problems were grouped into either study (n = 12) or control group (n = 12) by basic randomization. Study group received the SRP including neuromuscular electrical stimulation, thermal tactile stimulation, and hyolaryngeal mobilization...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240980/potential-benefits-of-an-integrated-electric-acoustic-sound-processor-with-children-a-preliminary-report
#19
Jace Wolfe, Sara Neumann, Erin Schafer, Megan Marsh, Mark Wood, R Stanley Baker
BACKGROUND: A number of published studies have demonstrated the benefits of electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) over conventional electric stimulation for adults with functional low-frequency acoustic hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss. These benefits potentially include better speech recognition in quiet and in noise, better localization, improvements in sound quality, better music appreciation and aptitude, and better pitch recognition. There is, however, a paucity of published reports describing the potential benefits and limitations of EAS for children with functional low-frequency acoustic hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225734/auditory-performance-and-electrical-stimulation-measures-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-auditory-neuropathy-compared-with-severe-to-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#20
Joseph Attias, Tally Greenstein, Miriam Peled, David Ulanovski, Jay Wohlgelernter, Eyal Raveh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare auditory and speech outcomes and electrical parameters on average 8 years after cochlear implantation between children with isolated auditory neuropathy (AN) and children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DESIGN: The study was conducted at a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. The cohort included 16 patients with isolated AN with current age of 5 to 12.2 years who had been using a cochlear implant for at least 3...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
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