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Electrical stimulation in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225734/auditory-performance-and-electrical-stimulation-measures-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-auditory-neuropathy-compared-with-severe-to-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#1
Joseph Attias, Tally Greenstein, Miriam Peled, David Ulanovski, Jay Wohlgelernter, Eyal Raveh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare auditory and speech outcomes and electrical parameters on average 8 years after cochlear implantation between children with isolated auditory neuropathy (AN) and children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DESIGN: The study was conducted at a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. The cohort included 16 patients with isolated AN with current age of 5 to 12.2 years who had been using a cochlear implant for at least 3...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225156/presurgical-language-localization-with-visual-naming-associated-ecog-high-gamma-modulation-in-pediatric-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#2
Ravindra Arya, J Adam Wilson, Hisako Fujiwara, Leonid Rozhkov, James L Leach, Anna W Byars, Hansel M Greiner, Jennifer Vannest, Jason Buroker, Griffin Milsap, Brian Ervin, Ali Minai, Paul S Horn, Katherine D Holland, Francesco T Mangano, Nathan E Crone, Douglas F Rose
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study compared presurgical language localization with visual naming-associated high-γ modulation (HGM) and conventional electrical cortical stimulation (ECS) in children with intracranial electrodes. METHODS: Patients with drug-resistant epilepsy who were undergoing intracranial monitoring were included if able to name pictures. Electrocorticography (ECoG) signals were recorded during picture naming (overt and covert) and quiet baseline...
February 22, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196459/care-provision-and-prescribing-practices-of-physicians-treating-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#3
Ayush Patel, Rohan Medhekar, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Rajender R Aparasu, Wenyaw Chan, Jeffrey T Sherer, Joy Alonzo, Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: Care provision and prescribing practices of physicians treating children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with the 1995-2010 General Electric Centricity Electronic Medical Record database. The sample included children (≤18 years) with newly diagnosed ADHD (ICD-9-CM code 314.XX) who received a prescription for a stimulant or atomoxetine. Identification of comorbid psychiatric disorders, duration from initial ADHD diagnosis to treatment, prescription of other psychotropic medications, and follow-up care during the ten months after the ADHD treatment initiation were compared across provider type (primary care physicians [PCPs], child psychiatrists, and physicians with an unknown specialty)...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183580/effect-of-total-intravenous-vs-volatile-anesthetics-on-intraoperatively-acquired-electrically-evoked-compound-action-potential-in-children-undergoing-cochlear-implant-surgery-a-randomized-prospective-study
#4
Ala A Alhowary, Khaled El-Radaideh, Anas Al-Rusan, Diab Bani Hani, Wail Khraise, Ahmad Al Omari, Firas Alzoubi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of inhalational anesthesia to those of total intravenous anesthesia on intraoperative electrically evoked compound action potential (e-ECAP) thresholds in children undergoing cochlear implantation. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Forty children aged 6 months to 17years with bilateral severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss and undergoing cochlear implantation were enrolled in the study...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121970/resorbable-mesh-cranioplasty-repair-of-bilateral-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks-following-pediatric-simultaneous-bilateral-auditory-brainstem-implant-surgery
#5
Giacomo Colletti, Marco Mandalà, Vittorio Colletti, Alberto Deganello, Fabiana Allevi, Liliana Colletti
OBJECTIVE: To present a child with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) who received simultaneous bilateral simultaneous auditory brainstem implants (BS-ABI) and subsequently presented with bilateral cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks unresponsive to standard treatments. To propose a novel rigid retrosigmoid cranioplasty for treating and preventing CSF leaks in children at high risk for this complication. PATIENT: A 3.5-year-old child with CND, vertebral defects, anal atresia, cardiac defects, tracheo-esophageal fistula, renal anomalies, and limb abnormalities, coloboma, heart defect, atresia choanae, retarded growth and development, genital abnormality, and ear abnormality, Arnold Chiari malformation, previous treated tracheo-esophageal fistula underwent BS-ABI...
January 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089606/parasacral-transcutaneous-electrical-neural-stimulation-ptens-once-a-week-for-the-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Lidyanne Ilidia da Silva de Paula, Liliana Fajardo de Oliveira, Brysa Paiva Cruz, Dayana Maria de Oliveira, Laís Maini Miranda, Mauro de Moraes Ribeiro, Raphaela Ornellas Duque, André Avarese de Figueiredo, José de Bessa, José Murillo Bastos Netto
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder (OAB) is the most prevalent voiding disorder in childhood, and its main manifestation is urinary urgency. In general, urotherapy and anticholinergics are the first choices of treatment. Parasacral Transcutaneous Electrical Neural Stimulation (PTENS) was introduced as an alternative for the treatment of detrusor overactivity in children, but treatment protocols described to date require several sessions per week or long-lasting sessions, making it difficult for the child to adhere to the treatment...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040503/are-interferential-electrical-stimulation-and-diaphragmatic-breathing-exercises-beneficial-in-children-with-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction
#7
Vesna D Zivkovic, Ivona Stankovic, Lidija Dimitrijevic, Mirjana Kocic, Hristina Colovic, Marina Vlajkovic, Andjelka Slavkovic, Milica Lazovic
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of interferential current (IC) stimulation and diaphragmatic breathing exercises (DBEs) in children with bladder and bowel dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine children with dysfunctional voiding and chronic constipation who were failures of primary care interventions were included in the prospective clinical study. All the children were checked for their medical history regarding lower urinary tract symptoms and bowel habits...
December 28, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995009/therapeutic-effects-of-electrical-stimulation-on-overactive-bladder-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
De Ting Zhu, Xiao Jun Feng, Yun Zhou, Jian Xian Wu
BACKGROUND: To systematically evaluate the therapeutic effect of electrical stimulation (ES) on overactive bladder (OB). METHOD: We retrieved information by searching databases from PubMed, CBM-disc, The Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect (from Elsevier publishers) and Springer publishers up to March 2016. We looked for randomized controlled trials that studied ES in OB treatment with subject headings and keywords using literature searches and manual retrieval. References of included studies were reviewed...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977327/tdcs-potentiation-provides-no-evidence-for-a-link-between-right-dorsal-lateral-prefrontal-cortical-activity-and-empathic-responding
#9
Marion E Snowdon, Stuart Cathcart
Previous studies suggest the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is involved in processing of empathic concern. This has not been experimentally tested to date. We tested the hypotheses that electrical potentiation in the right DLPFC would be associated with increased empathic concern and prosocial behavior. Participants were randomly allocated to one of three transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) conditions: (a) relative right potentiation, (b) relative left potentiation, and (c) sham. Participants viewed images of African children in distressing circumstances, and completed measures of empathic concern pre- and post-tDCS manipulation...
January 2, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927033/effects-of-lateral-electrical-surface-stimulation-on-scoliosis-in-children-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#10
Eun Jae Ko, In Young Sung, Gi Jeong Yun, Jung-A Kang, JaYoung Kim, Go Eun Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of lateral electrical surface stimulation (LESS) on scoliosis and trunk balance in children with severe cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Children with severe CP (GMFCS level IV or V) and stationary or progressive scoliosis were enrolled. Children were recommended of two sessions of LESS/day, 1 h/session, for 3 months at home: at 40-80 mA intensity, 200 μs pulse width, 25 Hz frequency, on for 6 s and then off for 6 s on the convex side of the trunk curve...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868230/no-immediate-effect-on-urodynamic-parameters-during-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-in-children-with-overactive-bladder-and-daytime-incontinence-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#11
Luise Borch, Soeren Rittig, Konstantinos Kamperis, Birgitte Mahler, Jens Christian Djurhuus, Soeren Hagstroem
AIM: To evaluate the immediate effect on natural fill urodynamic parameters and bladder function during transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in children with overactive bladder (OAB) and daytime urinary incontinence (DUI). METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 24 children with severe OAB and DUI (mean age 8.5 ± 1.2 years) underwent 48-h natural fill urodynamics. After 24 h of baseline investigation, the children were randomized to either active continuous TENS (n = 12) or placebo TENS (n = 12) over the sacral S2-S3 outflow...
November 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837215/-objective-measures-for-setting-the-processors-of-cochlear-implant-systems-use-of-discrimination-functions-and-consideration-of-electrode-profiles
#12
S Hoth, I Herisanu, M Praetorius
BACKGROUND: When setting the electrical stimulation level of cochlear implants during individual adjustment of the speech processor, especially in children, objective measures such as intracochlearly measured electrically evoked compound action potentials (eCAP) and intraoperative observation of electrically elicited stapedial reflexes (eSR) are indispensable. The benefit of these objective measures is based on the correlation between the derived response thresholds and psychometric data...
December 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801408/-the-regulation-of-balance-in-the-children-presenting-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-following-the-treatment-with-the-use-of-the-locomotor-training-in-combination-with-the-electrical-stimulation-of-leg-muscles-and-spinal-cord
#13
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
: One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799905/cerebellar-and-spinal-direct-current-stimulation-in-children-computational-modeling-of-the-induced-electric-field
#14
Serena Fiocchi, Paolo Ravazzani, Alberto Priori, Marta Parazzini
Recent studies have shown that the specific application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the cerebellum can modulate cerebellar activity. In parallel, transcutaneous spinal DC stimulation (tsDCS) was found to be able to modulate conduction along the spinal cord and spinal cord functions. Of particular interest is the possible use of these techniques in pediatric age, since many pathologies and injuries, which affect the cerebellar cortex as well as spinal cord circuits, are diffuse in adults as well as in children...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799677/clinical-usefulness-of-brain-computer-interface-controlled-functional-electrical-stimulation-for-improving-brain-activity-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Tae-Woo Kim, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] Evaluating the effect of brain-computer interface (BCI)-based functional electrical stimulation (FES) training on brain activity in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) was the aim of this study. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were randomized into a BCI-FES group (n=9) and a functional electrical stimulation (FES) control group (n=9). Subjects in the BCI-FES group received wrist and hand extension training with FES for 30 minutes per day, 5 times per week for 6 weeks under the BCI-based program...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793654/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-of-the-foot-results-of-a-novel-at-home-noninvasive-treatment-for-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children
#16
Matthew C Ferroni, Rajeev Chaudhry, Bing Shen, Christopher J Chermansky, Glenn M Cannon, Francis X Schneck, Michael C Ost, Changfeng Tai, Heidi A Stephany
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a novel at-home approach to electrical foot stimulation of peripheral tibial nerve branches on the frequency of nocturnal enuresis episodes in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children aged 5 to 18 having 2 or more bedwetting episodes per week for at least 3 consecutive months were eligible. The study was a total of 6 weeks. Participants completed a baseline nighttime voiding diary during the first 2 weeks. This was followed by 2 weeks of foot stimulation for 60 minutes each night...
October 25, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787394/toward-automated-cochlear-implant-fitting-procedures-based-on-event-related-potentials
#17
Mareike Finke, Martin Billinger, Andreas Büchner
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implants (CIs) restore hearing to the profoundly deaf by direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. To provide an optimal electrical stimulation pattern the CI must be individually fitted to each CI user. To date, CI fitting is primarily based on subjective feedback from the user. However, not all CI users are able to provide such feedback, for example, small children. This study explores the possibility of using the electroencephalogram (EEG) to objectively determine if CI users are able to hear differences in tones presented to them, which has potential applications in CI fitting or closed loop systems...
October 26, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785474/idiopathic-and-normal-lateral-lumbar-curves-muscle-effects-interpreted-by-12th-rib-length-asymmetry-with-pathomechanic-implications-for-lumbar-idiopathic-scoliosis
#18
Theodoros B Grivas, R Geoffrey Burwell, Vasileios Kechagias, Christina Mazioti, Apostolos Fountas, Dimitra Kolovou, Evangelos Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: The historical view of scoliosis as a primary rotation deformity led to debate about the pathomechanic role of paravertebral muscles; particularly multifidus, thought by some to be scoliogenic, counteracting, uncertain, or unimportant. Here, we address lateral lumbar curves (LLC) and suggest a pathomechanic role for quadrates lumborum, (QL) in the light of a new finding, namely of 12th rib bilateral length asymmetry associated with idiopathic and small non-scoliosis LLC. METHODS: Group 1: The postero-anterior spinal radiographs of 14 children (girls 9, boys 5) aged 9-18, median age 13 years, with right lumbar idiopathic scoliosis (IS) and right LLC less that 10°, were studied...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779564/x-linked-malformation-and-cochlear-implantation
#19
Henrik Smeds, Jeremy Wales, Filip Asp, Ulrika Löfkvist, Babak Falahat, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Lena Anmyr, Eva Karltorp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if cochlear implantation is safe and constitutes an option for hearing rehabilitation of children with x-linked inner ear malformation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient review in combination with a multidisciplinary follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital and cochlear implant program. PATIENTS: Ten children with severe-profound mixed hearing loss and radiological findings consistent with Incomplete Partition type 3 cochlear malformation received cochlear implants during the years 2007 to 2015...
January 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739380/stimulation-parameters-differ-between-current-anti-modiolar-and-peri-modiolar-electrode-arrays-implanted-within-the-same-child
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M J Polonenko, S L Cushing, K A Gordon, B Allemang, S Jewell, B C Papsin
OBJECTIVE: To compare stimulation parameters of peri-modiolar and anti-modiolar electrode arrays using two surgical approaches. METHODS: Impedance, stimulation thresholds, comfortably loud current levels, electrically evoked compound action potential thresholds and electrically evoked stapedial reflex thresholds were compared between 2 arrays implanted in the same child at 5 time points: surgery, activation/day 1, week 1, and months 1 and 3. The peri-modiolar array was implanted via cochleostomy in all children (n = 64), while the anti-modiolar array was inserted via a cochleostomy in 43 children and via the round window in 21 children...
November 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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