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Electrical stimulation in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148138/artificial-walking-technologies-to-improve-gait-in-cerebral-palsy-multichannel-neuromuscular-stimulation
#1
Jessica Rose, Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Erin E Butler
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood motor disability and often results in debilitating walking abnormalities, such as flexed-knee and stiff-knee gait. Current medical and surgical treatments are only partially effective in improving gait abnormalities and may cause significant muscle weakness. However, emerging artificial walking technologies, such as step-initiated, multichannel neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), can substantially improve gait patterns and promote muscle strength in children with spastic CP...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102346/is-functional-electrical-stimulation-an-alternative-for-orthotics-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Sam Khamis, Talia Herman, Sima Krimus, Barry Danino
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a well-known intervention used during walking to improve walking abilities and correct gait deviations by facilitating the proper muscle group at the appropriate timing in the gait cycle. Our aim was to study the types of surface FES currently used in a cerebral palsy (CP) population and examine the evidence of its ability to improve gait deviations, functional ability and therapeutic effects. METHODS: A computerized database search was conducted from inception until 6/2016...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100969/imipramine-for-refractory-daytime-incontinence-in-the-pediatric-population
#3
Israel Franco, Angela M Arlen, Therese Collett-Gardere, Paul F Zelkovic
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Lower urinary tract (LUT) and voiding dysfunction constitute a large percentage of pediatric urology referrals. Children with urinary incontinence unresponsive to behavioral modifications and traditional pharmacotherapy including anticholinergics and alpha blockers remain a challenge. We evaluated the impact of imipramine on treatment outcomes in children with refractory incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: Children ≤18 years of age with refractory non-neurogenic daytime incontinence prescribed imipramine were identified...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098288/hypoglossal-nerve-stimulation-in-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Gillian R Diercks, Carissa Wentland, Donald Keamy, Thomas Bernard Kinane, Brian Skotko, Vanessa de Guzman, Ellen Grealish, John Dobrowski, Ryan Soose, Christopher J Hartnick
Importance: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects up to 60% of children with Down syndrome (DS) and may persist in half of patients after adenotonsillectomy. Children with DS who have persistent OSA often do not tolerate treatment with positive pressure airway support devices or tracheotomy for their residual moderate to severe OSA. The hypoglossal nerve stimulator is an implantable device that delivers an electrical impulse to anterior branches of the hypoglossal nerve in response to respiratory variation, resulting in tongue base protrusion that alleviates upper airway obstruction in adults...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073844/hearing-preservation-cochlear-implantation-in-children-the-hearring-group-consensus-and-practice-guide
#5
Gunesh Rajan, Dayse Tavora-Vieira, Wolf-Dieter Baumgartner, Benoit Godey, Joachim Müller, Martin O'Driscoll, Henryk Skarzynski, Piotr Skarzynski, Shin-Ichi Usami, Oliver Adunka, Sumit Agrawal, Iain Bruce, Marc De Bodt, Marco Caversaccio, Harold Pilsbury, Javier Gavilán, Rudolf Hagen, Abdulrahman Hagr, Mohan Kameswaran, Eva Karltorp, Martin Kompis, Vlad Kuzovkov, Luis Lassaletta, Li Yongxin, Artu Lorensr, Manikoth Manoj, Jane Martin, Griet Mertens, Robert Mlynski, Lorn Parnese, Sasidharan Pulibalathingal, Andreas Radeloff, Christopher H Raine, Ranjith Rajeswaran, Joachim Schmutzhard, Georg Sprinzl, Hinrich Staecker, Kurt Stephan, Serafima Sugarova, Mario Zernotti, Patrick Zorowka, Paul Van de Heyning
OBJECTIVES: To provide multidisciplinary cochlear implant teams with a current consensus statement to support hearing preservation cochlear implantation (HPCI) in children, including those children with symptomatic partial deafness (PD) where the intention is to use electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS). The main objectives are to provide guidelines on who is a candidate, how to assess these children and when to implant if Med-El Flex electrode arrays are chosen for implantation. METHODS: The HEARRING group reviewed the current evidence and practice regarding the management of children to be considered for HPCI surgery emphasizing the assessment needed prior to implantation in order to demonstrate the benefits in these children over time...
October 26, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071983/-a-preliminary-study-on-effect-of-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-for-children-with-autism
#6
Ji-Shui Zhang, Xiu-Ting Zhang, Li-Ping Zou, Rong Zhang, Song-Ping Han, Ji-Sheng Han
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) in treating children with autism spectrum disorders. METHODS: Forty-one autistic children receiving rehabilitation training were randomized into TEAS (n=21) and control (n=20) groups. The control group only received rehabilitation training. The TEAS group received both rehabilitation training and TEAS treatment[2 Hz/15 Hz alternating frequencies through two pairs of skin electrodes placed at Hegu (LI 4)-Neiguan (PC 6) on unilateral side, and Zusanli (ST 36)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on the contralateral side]...
June 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025322/auditory-and-cognitive-development-in-a-partially-deaf-child-with-bilateral-electro-acoustic-stimulation-a-case-study
#7
Josef Seebacher, Franz Muigg, Natalie Fischer, Viktor Weichbold, Kurt Stephan, Patrick Zorowka, Harald R Bliem, Joachim Schmutzhard
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term evolution of speech and intelligence in a child with partial deafness and normal hearing in the low frequencies after sequentially receiving cochlear implants in both ears. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. STUDY SAMPLE: Male child aged 6 years was followed over a time period of four years. RESULTS: The paediatric patient had normal hearing up to 1 kHz and profound hearing loss at all higher frequencies symmetrical in both ears...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990434/therapeutic-effect-evaluation-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-with-or-without-strengthening-exercise-on-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#8
Ya-Chao Qi, Xiao-Li Niu, Ya-Ran Gao, He-Bo Wang, Ming Hu, Li-Peng Dong, Ya-Zhou Li
The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) combined with strengthening exercise on movement in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). One hundred children with spastic CP were randomly divided into a treatment group (NMES and strengthening exercise, n = 50) and a control group (only NMES, n = 50). We compared the Comprehensive Spasticity Scale (CSS) score, Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) score, and walking speed before treatment and 6 weeks and 3 months after treatment between the 2 groups...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979319/neutralization-capacity-of-monovalant-antivenom-against-existing-lethal-scorpions-in-the-turkish-scorpiofauna
#9
Ozcan Ozkan, Ersen Aydın Yağmur
In this study, Mesobuthus gibbosus and Mesobuthus eupeus eupeus venom samples were compared for lethality, in-vivo effects and proteins. Neutralization capacity of monovalent Androctonus crassicauda antivenom (RSHA anti-Ac) was tested against the lethal effects of the venoms. Venom was obtained from mature scorpions by electrical stimulation of the telson. The lethality of the venom and potency of Horse RSHA anti-Ac were determined in Swiss mice. The protein profiles of the scorpion venoms were analysed by NuPAGE® 4-12% gradient Bis-Tris gel followed by Coomassie blue staining...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974365/predictors-of-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overactive-bladder-treated-with-parasacral-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation
#10
Anselmo Hoffmann, Clara Sampaio, Ana Aparecida Nascimento, Maria Luiza Veiga, Ubirajara Barroso
BACKGROUND: Parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has emerged as an effective treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) in view of its high success rates in improving lower urinary tract symptoms and constipation, with no direct side effects. However, the clinical characteristics associated with the outcomes remain to be established. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of outcome in children with OAB treated using parasacral TENS...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968281/the-electrically-evoked-auditory-change-complex-evoked-by-temporal-gaps-using-cochlear-implants-or-auditory-brainstem-implants-in-children-with-cochlear-nerve-deficiency
#11
Shuman He, Tyler C McFayden, Bahar S Shahsavarani, Holly F B Teagle, Matthew Ewend, Lillian Henderson, Craig A Buchman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (1) establish the feasibility of measuring the electrically evoked auditory change complex (eACC) in response to temporal gaps in children with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) who are using cochlear implants (CIs) and/or auditory brainstem implants (ABIs); and (2) explore the association between neural encoding of, and perceptual sensitivity to, temporal gaps in these patients. DESIGN: Study participants included 5 children (S1 to S5) ranging in age from 3...
September 29, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964288/the-value-of-intraoperative-eabrs-in-auditory-brainstem-implantation
#12
Abbas Anwar, Alison Singleton, Yixin Fang, Binhuan Wang, William Shapiro, J Thomas Roland, Susan B Waltzman
OBJECTIVE: To compare the intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR) morphologies between neurofibromatosis II (NF2) adult auditory brainstem implant (ABI) recipients who had auditory percepts post-operatively and those who did not and between NF2 adult ABI recipients and non-NF2 pediatric ABI recipients. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series at a single tertiary academic referral center examining all ABI recipients from 1994 to 2016, which included 34 NF2 adults and 11 non-NF2 children...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953180/interventions-for-gait-training-in-children-with-spinal-cord-impairments-a-scoping-review
#13
Sarah E Funderburg, Hannah E Josephson, Ashlee A Price, Maredith A Russo, Laura E Case
PURPOSE: This is a scoping review of the literature on interventions for gait in individuals with pediatric spinal cord impairments. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Four categories of interventions were identified: orthoses/assistive devices, electrical stimulation, treadmill training, and infant treadmill stepping. CONCLUSIONS: Studies on orthotic intervention, electrical stimulation, and treadmill training reported benefits for various components of gait...
October 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898173/utility-of-stereoelectroencephalography-in-children-with-dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumor-and-cortical-malformation
#14
Jun T Park, Guadalupe Fernandez Baca Vaca, Jennifer Avery, Jonathan P Miller
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled seizures in children can contribute to irreversible cognitive impairment and developmental delay, in addition to placing them at risk for sudden unexplained death in epileptic patients (SUDEP). Since its introduction at Saint Ann Hospital in Paris in the 1960s, stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is increasingly being utilized at epilepsy centers in the United States as an invasive tool to help localize the seizure focus in drug-resistant focal epilepsy. INDICATIONS: Children with symptomatic epilepsy, commonly due to cortical dysplasia and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET), may benefit from SEEG investigation...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891823/longitudinal-changes-in-electrically-evoked-auditory-event-related-potentials-in-children-with-auditory-brainstem-implants-preliminary-results-recorded-over-3-years
#15
Shuman He, Holly F B Teagle, Tyler C McFayden, Matthew Ewend, Lillian Henderson, Nancy He, Craig A Buchman
OBJECTIVES: This preliminary study aimed (1) to assess longitudinal changes in electrically evoked auditory event-related potentials (eERPs) in children with auditory brainstem implants (ABIs) and (2) to explore whether these changes could be accounted for by maturation in the central auditory system of these patients. DESIGN: Study participants included 5 children (S1 to S5) with an ABI in the affected ear. The stimulus was a train of electrical pulses delivered to individual ABI electrodes via a research interface...
September 7, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869434/effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-kinesio-taping-applications-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-on-postural-control-and-sitting-balance
#16
Bülent Elbasan, Kamile Uzun Akkaya, Mufit Akyüz, Deran Oskay
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), and Kinesio Taping (KT) applications are separately used to improve postural control and sitting balance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the combined effect of NDT, NMES and KT applications on postural control and sitting balance in children with CP. METHODS: Forty five children, in 3 groups, between the ages 5-12 years were included in the study...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826627/neurostimulation-for-abdominal-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-adolescents-a-randomised-double-blind-sham-controlled-trial
#17
Katja Kovacic, Keri Hainsworth, Manu Sood, Gisela Chelimsky, Rachel Unteutsch, Melodee Nugent, Pippa Simpson, Adrian Miranda
BACKGROUND: Development of safe and effective therapies for paediatric abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders is needed. A non-invasive, US Food and Drug Administration-cleared device (Neuro-Stim, Innovative Health Solutions, IN, USA) delivers percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation (PENFS) in the external ear to modulate central pain pathways. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of PENFS in adolescents with abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders...
October 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815571/functional-electrical-stimulation-of-the-ankle-dorsiflexors-during-walking-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Irene Moll, Johannes S H Vles, Dan L H M Soudant, Adhiambo M A Witlox, Heleen M Staal, Lucianne A W M Speth, Yvonne J M Janssen-Potten, Marcel Coenen, Suzanne M Koudijs, R Jeroen Vermeulen
AIM: To assess the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of ankle dorsiflexors in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) during walking. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six databases were searched for studies applying interventions to patients aged younger than 20 years...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774583/language-and-motor-function-thresholds-during-pediatric-extra-operative-electrical-cortical-stimulation-brain-mapping
#19
Alonso Zea Vera, Gewalin Aungaroon, Paul S Horn, Anna W Byars, Hansel M Greiner, Jeffrey R Tenney, Todd M Arthur, Nathan E Crone, Katherine D Holland, Francesco T Mangano, Ravindra Arya
OBJECTIVE: To examine current thresholds and their determinants for language and motor mapping with extra-operative electrical cortical stimulation (ECS). METHODS: ECS electrocorticograph recordings were reviewed to determine functional thresholds. Predictors of functional thresholds were found with multivariable analyses. RESULTS: In 122 patients (age 11.9±5.4years), average minimum, frontal, and temporal language thresholds were 7.4 (± 3...
October 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767271/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-on-motor-functions-and-self-care-ability-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Bei Zhang, Yulan Zhu, Congyu Jiang, Ce Li, Yingying Li, Yulong Bai, Yi Wu
OBJECTIVES: To observe the effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) in improving motor functions and self-care abilities in children with cerebral palsy in their early childhood. DESIGN: A preliminary, prospective, cohort study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: Multicenter. SUBJECTS: Children aged 2-6 years old. INTERVENTIONS: Twenty-three children were included in the study and randomly assigned to a control group ([CG] N = 11) or a therapeutic group ([TG] N = 12)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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