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Electrical stimulation in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927033/effects-of-lateral-electrical-surface-stimulation-on-scoliosis-in-children-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#1
Eun Jae Ko, In Young Sung, Gi Jeong Yun, Jung-A Kang, JaYoung Kim, Go Eun Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of lateral electrical surface stimulation (LESS) on scoliosis and trunk balance in children with severe cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Children with severe CP (GMFCS level IV or V) and stationary or progressive scoliosis were enrolled. Children were recommended of two sessions of LESS/day, 1 h/session, for 3 months at home: at 40-80 mA intensity, 200 μs pulse width, 25 Hz frequency, on for 6 s and then off for 6 s on the convex side of the trunk curve...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868230/no-immediate-effect-on-urodynamic-parameters-during-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-in-children-with-overactive-bladder-and-daytime-incontinence-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#2
Luise Borch, Soeren Rittig, Konstantinos Kamperis, Birgitte Mahler, Jens Christian Djurhuus, Soeren Hagstroem
AIM: To evaluate the immediate effect on natural fill urodynamic parameters and bladder function during transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in children with overactive bladder (OAB) and daytime urinary incontinence (DUI). METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 24 children with severe OAB and DUI (mean age 8.5 ± 1.2 years) underwent 48-h natural fill urodynamics. After 24 h of baseline investigation, the children were randomized to either active continuous TENS (n = 12) or placebo TENS (n = 12) over the sacral S2-S3 outflow...
November 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837215/-objective-measures-for-setting-the-processors-of-cochlear-implant-systems-use-of-discrimination-functions-and-consideration-of-electrode-profiles
#3
S Hoth, I Herisanu, M Praetorius
BACKGROUND: When setting the electrical stimulation level of cochlear implants during individual adjustment of the speech processor, especially in children, objective measures such as intracochlearly measured electrically evoked compound action potentials (eCAP) and intraoperative observation of electrically elicited stapedial reflexes (eSR) are indispensable. The benefit of these objective measures is based on the correlation between the derived response thresholds and psychometric data...
December 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801408/-the-regulation-of-balance-in-the-children-presenting-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-following-the-treatment-with-the-use-of-the-locomotor-training-in-combination-with-the-electrical-stimulation-of-leg-muscles-and-spinal-cord
#4
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
: One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799905/cerebellar-and-spinal-direct-current-stimulation-in-children-computational-modeling-of-the-induced-electric-field
#5
Serena Fiocchi, Paolo Ravazzani, Alberto Priori, Marta Parazzini
Recent studies have shown that the specific application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the cerebellum can modulate cerebellar activity. In parallel, transcutaneous spinal DC stimulation (tsDCS) was found to be able to modulate conduction along the spinal cord and spinal cord functions. Of particular interest is the possible use of these techniques in pediatric age, since many pathologies and injuries, which affect the cerebellar cortex as well as spinal cord circuits, are diffuse in adults as well as in children...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799677/clinical-usefulness-of-brain-computer-interface-controlled-functional-electrical-stimulation-for-improving-brain-activity-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Tae-Woo Kim, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] Evaluating the effect of brain-computer interface (BCI)-based functional electrical stimulation (FES) training on brain activity in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) was the aim of this study. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were randomized into a BCI-FES group (n=9) and a functional electrical stimulation (FES) control group (n=9). Subjects in the BCI-FES group received wrist and hand extension training with FES for 30 minutes per day, 5 times per week for 6 weeks under the BCI-based program...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793654/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-of-the-foot-results-of-a-novel-at-home-noninvasive-treatment-for-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children
#7
Matthew C Ferroni, Rajeev Chaudhry, Bing Shen, Christopher J Chermansky, Glenn M Cannon, Francis X Schneck, Michael C Ost, Changfeng Tai, Heidi A Stephany
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a novel at-home approach to electrical foot stimulation of peripheral tibial nerve branches on the frequency of nocturnal enuresis episodes in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children aged 5 to 18 having 2 or more bedwetting episodes per week for at least 3 consecutive months were eligible. The study was a total of 6 weeks. Participants completed a baseline nighttime voiding diary during the first 2 weeks. This was followed by 2 weeks of foot stimulation for 60 minutes each night...
October 25, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787394/toward-automated-cochlear-implant-fitting-procedures-based-on-event-related-potentials
#8
Mareike Finke, Martin Billinger, Andreas Büchner
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implants (CIs) restore hearing to the profoundly deaf by direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. To provide an optimal electrical stimulation pattern the CI must be individually fitted to each CI user. To date, CI fitting is primarily based on subjective feedback from the user. However, not all CI users are able to provide such feedback, for example, small children. This study explores the possibility of using the electroencephalogram (EEG) to objectively determine if CI users are able to hear differences in tones presented to them, which has potential applications in CI fitting or closed loop systems...
October 26, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785474/idiopathic-and-normal-lateral-lumbar-curves-muscle-effects-interpreted-by-12th-rib-length-asymmetry-with-pathomechanic-implications-for-lumbar-idiopathic-scoliosis
#9
Theodoros B Grivas, R Geoffrey Burwell, Vasileios Kechagias, Christina Mazioti, Apostolos Fountas, Dimitra Kolovou, Evangelos Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: The historical view of scoliosis as a primary rotation deformity led to debate about the pathomechanic role of paravertebral muscles; particularly multifidus, thought by some to be scoliogenic, counteracting, uncertain, or unimportant. Here, we address lateral lumbar curves (LLC) and suggest a pathomechanic role for quadrates lumborum, (QL) in the light of a new finding, namely of 12th rib bilateral length asymmetry associated with idiopathic and small non-scoliosis LLC. METHODS: Group 1: The postero-anterior spinal radiographs of 14 children (girls 9, boys 5) aged 9-18, median age 13 years, with right lumbar idiopathic scoliosis (IS) and right LLC less that 10°, were studied...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779564/x-linked-malformation-and-cochlear-implantation
#10
Henrik Smeds, Jeremy Wales, Filip Asp, Ulrika Löfkvist, Babak Falahat, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Lena Anmyr, Eva Karltorp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if cochlear implantation is safe and constitutes an option for hearing rehabilitation of children with x-linked inner ear malformation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient review in combination with a multidisciplinary follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital and cochlear implant program. PATIENTS: Ten children with severe-profound mixed hearing loss and radiological findings consistent with Incomplete Partition type 3 cochlear malformation received cochlear implants during the years 2007 to 2015...
October 21, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739380/stimulation-parameters-differ-between-current-anti-modiolar-and-peri-modiolar-electrode-arrays-implanted-within-the-same-child
#11
M J Polonenko, S L Cushing, K A Gordon, B Allemang, S Jewell, B C Papsin
OBJECTIVE: To compare stimulation parameters of peri-modiolar and anti-modiolar electrode arrays using two surgical approaches. METHODS: Impedance, stimulation thresholds, comfortably loud current levels, electrically evoked compound action potential thresholds and electrically evoked stapedial reflex thresholds were compared between 2 arrays implanted in the same child at 5 time points: surgery, activation/day 1, week 1, and months 1 and 3. The peri-modiolar array was implanted via cochleostomy in all children (n = 64), while the anti-modiolar array was inserted via a cochleostomy in 43 children and via the round window in 21 children...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732736/withdrawn-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-tes-for-treatment-of-constipation-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Ruey Terng Ng, Way Seah Lee, Hak Lee Ang, Kai Ming Teo, Yee Ian Yik, Nai Ming Lai
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is a common problem with substantial health, economic and emotional burdens. Existing therapeutic options, mainly pharmacological, are not consistently effective, and some are associated with adverse effects after prolonged use. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES), a non-pharmacological approach, is postulated to facilitate bowel movement by modulating the nerves of the large bowel via the application of electrical current transmitted through the abdominal wall...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692552/-desmoid-tumors-in-an-adolescent-girl-with-familial-adenomatous-polyposis
#13
M Creuzé, P Afchain, A Munck, J Viala, A Bonnard, V Bertrand
Desmoid tumors (DT) are rare and nonmetastasizing fibroblastic neoplasms, characterized by local invasiveness. They occur sporadically or arise in the context of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP; 5-10% of cases). Most cases develop sporadically in young adults, but some cases also occur in children. We report the case of an adolescent girl with FAP and DT, and we discuss the therapeutic strategies. An adolescent girl with FAP underwent surgery at the age of 14 years with total proctocolectomy. She had a neo-mutation in the APC gene at codon 1068, which is not usually associated with DT...
September 27, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679562/stimulation-from-cochlear-implant-electrodes-assists-with-recovery-from-asymmetric-perceptual-tilt-evidence-from-the-subjective-visual-vertical-test
#14
Joshua J Gnanasegaram, William J Parkes, Sharon L Cushing, Carmen L McKnight, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
Vestibular end organ impairment is highly prevalent in children who have sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) rehabilitated with cochlear implants (CIs). As a result, spatial perception is likely to be impacted in this population. Of particular interest is the perception of visual vertical because it reflects a perceptual tilt in the roll axis and is sensitive to an imbalance in otolith function. The objectives of the present study were thus to identify abnormalities in perception of the vertical plane in children with SNHL and determine whether such abnormalities could be resolved with stimulation from the CI...
2016: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678506/gastric-electrical-stimulation-for-gastroparesis-and-chronic-unexplained-nausea-and-vomiting
#15
REVIEW
John M Wo, Thomas V Nowak, Shamaila Waseem, Matthew P Ward
Gastroparesis is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome. Some patients have debilitating vomiting, weight loss, and dehydration, while others have effortless regurgitation of undigested foods or postprandial distress suggestive of functional dyspepsia. Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) has been proposed as an effective treatment option for patients with gastroparesis refractory to medical therapy. Evidence suggests that the clinically available device, a low-energy high-frequency GES, activates the vagal afferent pathways to influence the central control mechanisms for nausea and vomiting...
December 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676869/pediatric-stroke-rehabilitation-a-review-of-techniques-facilitating-motor-recovery
#16
Eleni Papathanasiou, Mathilde Chevignard, Carole Vuillerot, Anne Tiberghien, Ingrid Godard
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric stroke is a relatively rare medical condition, but it often leads to long lasting motor and cognitive impairments. Rehabilitation of motor impairments has been widely studied, with most studies performed in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, CP covers a variety of medical conditions, including brain lesions due to paediatric stroke occurring early in life, but not stroke occurring later on during childhood. The specificity of rehabilitation after paediatric stroke remains understudied...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676811/assessment-of-pain-during-the-injection-of-the-botulinum-toxin-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-experience
#17
Samira Lahrabli, Herman Azanmasso, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE: Intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin can be painful for some patients. This may be due either to a broken skin, stimulation for locating, or injecting the product. The objective of this study was to see the clinical impact of pain on injection. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 15 patients (6 M/9 W), average age was 31 years (11-75 years). The patients had spasticity of MS in 40% and a MI spasticity in 60%. The treatment was basic Dysport...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659829/awake-surgery-for-hemispheric-low-grade-gliomas-oncological-functional-and-methodological-differences-between-pediatric-and-adult-populations
#18
Gianluca Trevisi, Thomas Roujeau, Hugues Duffau
INTRODUCTION: Brain mapping through a direct cortical and subcortical electrical stimulation during an awake craniotomy has gained an increasing popularity as a powerful tool to prevent neurological deficit while increasing extent of resection of hemispheric diffuse low-grade gliomas in adults. However, few case reports or very limited series of awake surgery in children are currently available in the literature. METHODS: In this paper, we review the oncological and functional differences between pediatric and adult populations, and the methodological specificities that may limit the use of awake mapping in pediatric low-grade glioma surgery...
October 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658771/current-experience-of-spinal-neuromodulation-in-chronic-pain-is-there-a-role-in-children-and-young-people
#19
David Pang
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain in children has been an under-recognized problem compared to adult pain. The aim of management is to help children and their families cope with the symptoms rather than a cure. Current medical treatments to reduce pain intensity are often short lived, poorly tolerated or ineffective. RESULTS: The use of electrical stimulation to treat pain is the current basis of modern Neuromodulation at the spinal cord and has been well established as spinal cord stimulation in adult practice...
August 9, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636551/an-exploratory-study-of-gait-and-functional-outcomes-after-neuroprosthesis-use-in-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#20
Amy F Bailes, Cailee Caldwell, Mike Clay, Melissa Tremper, Kari Dunning, Jason Long
PURPOSE: To evaluate the immediate orthotic, total and therapeutic effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) neuroprosthesis use on clinic based measures of gait and function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. METHODS: Eleven children (mean 9 years 11 months) participated in an FES neuroprosthesis (Ness L300) intervention (4 week accommodation period followed by 12 weeks of daily use) and were assessed at baseline and post in stimulation off and stimulation on conditions...
September 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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