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Ecmo prognosis

Javier Kattan, Álvaro González, Andrés Castillo, Luiz Fernando Caneo
OBJECTIVE: To review the principles of neonatal-pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy, prognosis, and its establishment in limited resource-limited countries in Latino America. SOURCES: The PubMed database was explored from 1985 up to the present, selecting from highly-indexed and leading Latin American journals, and Extracorporeal Life Support Organization reports. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation provides "time" for pulmonary and cardiac rest and for recovery...
December 26, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Federico Pappalardo, Andrea Montisci
Post-cardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCCS) is a complication of heart surgery associated with a poor prognosis: veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) ensures end-organ perfusion while fully replacing heart and lung function, though it is associated with unsatisfactory results. Few studies have identified reliable predictors of poor prognosis early in the course of extracorporeal support. A recent study showed the strong prognostic power of urine output in the first 24 hours of VA ECMO in predicting early and late mortality of PCCS...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Chiara Lazzeri, Manuela Bonizzoli, Giovanni Cianchi, Stefano Batacchi, Paolo Terenzi, Morena Cozzolino, Pasquale Bernardo, Adriano Peris
The aims of the present investigation, performed in 118 consecutive patients with refractory ARDS treated with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO), were as follows: (a) to assess ICU mortality in overweight, obese and morbid obese patients in respect to normal weight; (b) to evaluate echocardiographic findings according to BMI subgroups. Echocardiography was performed before VV-ECMO implantation. Forty-five patients (38.1%) showed normal BMI, 37 patients (31.4%) were overweight and the remaining were obese (21...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Michael L Rigby
Major congenital or acquired heart disease in neonates presents with cyanosis, hypoxia, acute circulatory failure or cardiogenic shock. Antenatal diagnosis is made in up to 50% but heart disease is unanticipated in the remainder. The presence of significant heart disease in premature infants is also frequently not suspected at first; in general, whatever the underling cardiac anomaly, the clinical condition is worse, deteriorates more quickly and carries a poorer prognosis in premature and low birth weight infants...
November 2016: Early Human Development
Myung Jin Choi, Sang Ook Ha, Hyoung Soo Kim, Sunghoon Park, Sang Jin Han, Sun Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for patients with septic shock is controversial. The outcomes are favorable in children but heterogeneous in adults. The present study aimed to analyze the outcomes of adult patients who underwent ECMO for septic shock, and to determine the factors associated with prognosis. METHODS: We respectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent ECMO for septic shock between January 2007 and December 2013...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Dawid L Staudacher, Wolfgang Gold, Paul M Biever, Christoph Bode, Tobias Wengenmayer
PURPOSE: For circulatory support, venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is dependent on sufficient venous drainage ensured by fluid therapy. Volume overload however is linked to poor prognosis. This study therefore evaluates volume therapy in VA-ECMO. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report data of a single center registry of all patients after VA-ECMO implantation treated between 2010 and 2015. RESULTS: A total of 195 patients were included in this registry with a medium age of 58...
February 2017: Journal of Critical Care
R Wang, B Sun, X Y Li, H Y He, X Tang, Q Y Zhan, Z H Tong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive values of different critical scoring systems for mortality in patients with severe acute respiratory failure (ARF) supported by venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO). METHODS: Forty-two patients with severe ARF supported by VV-ECMO were enrolled from November 2009 to July 2015.There were 25 males and 17 females. The mean age was (44±18) years (rang 18-69 years). Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, Simplified Acute Physiology Score Ⅱ (SAPS) Ⅱ, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), ECMO net, PRedicting dEath for SEvere ARDS on VVECMO (PRESERVE), and Respiratory ECMO Survival Prediction (RESP) scores were collected within 6 hours before VV-ECMO support...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
G F Yan, C M Zhang, X Y Hong, Y Wang, C F Liu, P F Zhang, L Xiang, G F Wen, Z H Yang, X Xu, S Y Qian, G P Lu
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of non-open chest extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China. METHOD: The survey was conducted in 28 tertiary hospitals in China mainland from March to October 2015. All children <18 years of age have been supported with non-open chest ECMO in PICU were reviewed.Patient demographics, diagnosis, indication for ECMO, details of ECMO support, complications, and patient survival were analyzed...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Matteo Pozzi, Carlo Banfi, Daniel Grinberg, Catherine Koffel, Karim Bendjelid, Jacques Robin, Raphaël Giraud, Jean François Obadia
Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the heart muscle with established histological, immunological and immunohistochemical diagnostic criteria. Different triggers could be advocated as possible etiologies of myocarditis such as viral and non-viral infections, medications, systemic autoimmune diseases and toxic reactions. The spectrum of clinical presentations of myocarditis is broad and varies from subclinical asymptomatic courses to refractory cardiogenic shock. The prognosis of patients with myocarditis depends mainly on the severity of clinical presentation...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
X G Yan, Z J Lu, J C Zheng, W W Zhang, G P Lu, B Jia
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the experience in applying a technique of inserting a cannula through right internal jugular vein and common carotid artery to build extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for critically ill children. METHOD: The data of critically ill patients received ECMO support through right internal jugular vein and common carotid artery between December 2011 and December 2015 from Children's Hospital of Fudan University were analyzed retrospectively...
July 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Tomasz Darocha, Sylweriusz Kosiński, Anna Jarosz, Dorota Sobczyk, Robert Gałązkowski, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstany-Kalandyk, Rafał Drwiła
BACKGROUND: The prognosis in hypothermic cardiac arrest is frequently good despite prolonged period of hypoperfusion and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Apart from protective effect of hypothermia itself established protocols of treatment and novel rewarming techniques may influence on outcome. The purpose of the study was to assess the outcome of patients with hypothermic circulatory arrest treated by means of arterio-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) according to locally elaborated protocol in Severe Accidental Hypothermia Center in Cracow, Poland...
June 29, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Xiaoqing Liu, Yonghao Xu, Rong Zhang, Yongbo Huang, Weiqun He, Ling Sang, Sibei Chen, Lingbo Nong, Xi Li, Pu Mao, Yimin Li
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly being applied as life support for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. However, the outcomes of this procedure have not yet been characterized in severe ARDS patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of severe ARDS patients supported with ECMO and to identify potential predictors of mortality in these patients. A total of 38 severe ARDS patients (aged 51.39±13.27 years, 32 males) who were treated with ECMO in the specialized medical intensive care unit of Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases from July 2009 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
2016: PloS One
Gao Guodong, Lyu Lin, Hu Qiang, Hu Jinxiao, Hei Feilong, Ji Bingyan, Liu jinping, Yu Kun, Long Cun
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively review the clinical data of patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during the last 10 years in Fuwai Hospital in order to assess the factors associated with the outcome of patients who had undergone ECMO, as well as to summarize the clinical experience, and to adopt a treatment strategy for future clinical decision. METHODS: The clinical data of adult patients undergoing ECMO admitted to Fuwai Hospital from December 2004 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
December 2015: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Kimberly I Mills, Julie A Vincent, Warren A Zuckerman, Timothy M Hoffman, Charles E Canter, Audrey C Marshall, Elizabeth D Blume, Lisa Bergersen, Kevin P Daly
Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is a common procedure used to aid in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of suspected pediatric cardiomyopathy. In suspected cardiomyopathy, no multicenter experience has previously reported on the safety and utility of EMBs. Retrospectively, adverse event (AE) and patient and procedural characteristics were obtained at seven institutions participating in the Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Outcomes Project for both a cardiomyopathy (n = 158) and a post-transplant surveillance (n = 2665) cohort...
October 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
Jesús López-Herce, Jimena Del Castillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
S Y Qi, W T Wang, Z D Chu, C Y Chen, M K Zhou, Y X Ren, X J Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical experience and associated factors of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO) for adult patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: The clinical data of 58 adult patients with severe ARDS, which met the criteria for ECMO and treated in comprehensive intensive care unit of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2012 to June 2015, were retrospectively collected and analyzed...
April 12, 2016: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Katarzyna Hryniewicz, Yader Sandoval, Michael Samara, Mosi Bennett, Barry Cabuay, Ivan J Chavez, Susan Seatter, Peter Eckman, Peter Zimbwa, Aaron Dunn, Benjamin Sun
Mortality due to refractory cardiogenic shock (RCS) exceeds 50%. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has become an accepted therapy for RCS. The aim of our study was to evaluate outcomes of patients with RCS treated with percutaneous VA-ECMO (pVA-ECMO). Retrospective review of patients supported with VA-ECMO at our institution in 2012-2013. Clinical characteristics, bleeding, vascular complications, and outcomes including survival were assessed. A total of 37 patients were supported with VA-ECMO for RCS...
July 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Christian Roth, Lore Schrutka, Christina Binder, Lukas Kriechbaumer, Gottfried Heinz, Irene M Lang, Gerald Maurer, Herbert Koinig, Barbara Steinlechner, Alexander Niessner, Klaus Distelmaier, Georg Goliasch
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) represents a valuable and rapidly evolving therapeutic option in patients with severe heart or lung failure following cardiovascular surgery. However, despite significant advances in ECMO techniques and management, prognosis remains poor and accurate risk stratification challenging. We therefore evaluated the predictive value of liver function variables on all-cause mortality in patients undergoing venoarterial ECMO support after cardiovascular surgery...
March 11, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Pei-Hsun Sung, Chiung-Jen Wu, Hon-Kan Yip
Despite advancements in pharmacological therapy and refinement of the tools and technique of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass surgery, patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by profound cardiogenic shock (CS) still have unacceptably high in-hospital mortality and unfavorable long-term outcome. Thus, there is an imminent need of a new and safe treatment modality in the management of AMI complicated by profound CS. Growing evidence suggests that extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO)-supported primary PCI is an effective therapeutic option for saving lives under such conditions...
2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
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