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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763564/inhibitors-of-melanogenesis-an-updated-review
#1
Thanigaimalai Pillaiyar, Vigneshwaran Namasivayam, Manoj Manickam, Sang Hun Jung
Melanins are pigment molecules that determine the skin, eye, and hair color of the human subject to its amount, quality and distribution. Melanocytes synthesize melanin and provide epidermal protection from various stimuli, such as harmful ultraviolet radiation, through the complex process called melanogenesis. However, a serious dermatological problems occur when the excessive production of melanin in different parts of the human body. These include freckles, melasma, senile lentigo, pigmented acne scars and cancer...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729698/poria-cocos-wolf-extracts-represses-pigmentation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
HyunKyung Lee, Hwa Jun Cha
In skin, melanocytes determine skin color using melanogenesis, which induces protective mechanism to oxidative stress and UV damage. However, when melanin is excessive produced by the various stimulus, the accumulated melanin induces hyperpigmentation disease such as melasma, freckles, Melanism ware induced. Therefore, it is implicated to finding potential agents for whitening to be used in cosmetic products. In our present study, we show that Poria cocos Wolf extracts decreased melanin synthesis in B16F10...
April 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709914/mansonone-e-from-mansonia-gagei-inhibited-%C3%AE-msh-induced-melanogenesis-in-b16-cells-by-inhibiting-creb-expression-and-phosphorylation-in-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#3
Atsuyoshi Nishina, Airi Miura, Masaharu Goto, Kahori Terakado, Daisuke Sato, Hirokazu Kimura, Yasuaki Hirai, Hiroyasu Sato, Nyunt Phay
Many natural products that inhibit melanogenesis, freckles, and hyperpigmentation have been selectively used in cosmetics because melanogenesis is linked to the multiple biogenesis cascades of melanin synthesis. However, some of these compounds have side effects that may result in their restriction in the future. We report here the isolation and structural elucidation of compounds extracted from Mansonia gagei and evaluate their activity on melanogenesis inhibition. We isolated five known compounds from M. gagei and identified them as mansonone E (1), mansorin I (2), populene F (3), mansonone G (4), and mansorin B (5)...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693058/piebaldism-with-multiple-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-like-hyperpigmented-macules-and-inguinal-freckling-caused-by-a-novel-kit-mutation
#4
Jerry C Nagaputra, Mark J A Koh, Maggie Brett, Eileen C P Lim, Hwee-Woon Lim, Ene-Choo Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673180/accurate-classification-of-nf1-gene-variants-in-84-italian-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#5
Alessandro Stella, Patrizia Lastella, Daria Carmela Loconte, Nenad Bukvic, Dora Varvara, Margherita Patruno, Rosanna Bagnulo, Rosaura Lovaglio, Nicola Bartolomeo, Gabriella Serio, Nicoletta Resta
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common autosomal dominant genetic diseases. It is caused by mutations in the NF1 gene encoding for the large protein, neurofibromin. Genetic testing of NF1 is cumbersome because 50% of cases are sporadic, and there are no mutation hot spots. In addition, the most recognizable NF1 clinical features—café-au-lait (CALs) spots and axillary and/or inguinal freckling—appear early in childhood but are rather non-specific. Thus, the identification of causative variants is extremely important for early diagnosis, especially in paediatric patients...
April 17, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618358/clinical-and-molecular-characterization-of-112-single-center-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#6
Giovanni Corsello, Vincenzo Antona, Gregorio Serra, Federico Zara, Clara Giambrone, Luca Lagalla, Maria Piccione, Ettore Piro
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to define clinical and molecular characteristics of a large sample of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients, as well as to evaluate mutational spectrum and genotype-phenotype correlation. NF1 is a relatively common neurogenetic disorder (1:2500-1:3000 individuals). It is caused by mutations of the NF1 gene on chromosome 17ql1.2, with autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and wide phenotypical variability. Café-au-lait spots (CALs), cutaneous and/or subcutaneous neurofibromas (CNFs/SCNFs), skinfold freckling, skeletal abnormalities, Lisch nodules of the iris and increased risk of learning and intellectual disabilities, as well as tumors of the nervous system and other organs are its main clinical features...
April 4, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604008/three-dimensional-facial-digitization-using-advanced-digital-image-correlation
#7
Hieu Nguyen, Hien Kieu, Zhaoyang Wang, Hanh N D Le
Presented in this paper is an effective technique to acquire the three-dimensional (3D) digital images of the human face without the use of active lighting and artificial patterns. The technique is based on binocular stereo imaging and digital image correlation, and it includes two key steps: camera calibration and image matching. The camera calibration involves a pinhole model and a bundle-adjustment approach, and the governing equations of the 3D digitization process are described. For reliable pixel-to-pixel image matching, the skin pores and freckles or lentigines on the human face serve as the required pattern features to facilitate the process...
March 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556865/two-monorchiid-species-from-the-freckled-goatfish-upeneus-tragula-richardson-perciformes-mullidae-in-moreton-bay-australia-including-a-proposal-of-a-new-genus
#8
Nicholas Q-X Wee, Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
Two monorchiid species are reported from the freckled goatfish, Upeneus tragula Richardson, from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Specimens of a species new to science were most morphologically similar to species of the genus Timonia Bartoli & Prevot, 1966, but significant differences in the arrangement of the testes (symmetrical vs oblique) and morphology of the terminal organ (bipartite vs unipartite) necessitate the proposal of a new genus; Madhavia n. g. is proposed for M. fellaminutus n. sp. Specimens of the second species are identified as Parachrisomon delicatus (Manter & Pritchard, 1964) Madhavi, 2008, extending its known range from Hawaii to Australia...
March 19, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556371/%C3%AE-viniferin-improves-facial-hyperpigmentation-via-accelerating-feedback-termination-of-camp-pka-signaled-phosphorylation-circuit-in-facultative-melanogenesis
#9
Cheong-Yong Yun, Seon Mi Ko, Yong Pyo Choi, Beom Joon Kim, Jungno Lee, Jae Mun Kim, Ju Yeon Kim, Jin Yong Song, Song-Hee Kim, Bang Yeon Hwang, Jin Tae Hong, Sang-Bae Han, Youngsoo Kim
Rationale: cAMP up-regulates microphthalmia-associated transcription factor subtype M (MITF-M) and tyrosinase (Tyro) in the generation of heavily pigmented melanosomes. Here, we communicate a therapeutic mechanism of hyperpigmented disorder by α-viniferin, an active constituent of Caragana sinica . Methods: We used cAMP-elevated melanocyte cultures or facial hyperpigmented patches for pigmentation assays, and applied immunoprecipitation, immunobloting, RT-PCR or reporter gene for elucidation of the antimelanogenic mechanism...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536976/four-novel-mutations-of-adar1-in-chinese-patients-with-dyschromatosis-symmetrica-hereditaria
#10
Wei Hu, Xian Shi, Hongwen Li, Luzhu Chen, Tingmei Wang, Yingying Dong, Yanhong Zhang, Man Hu, Xiaoli Liu, Caie Zhang, Dongxian Liu, Yunhua Deng
BACKGROUND: Novel mutations in adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 1 gene (ADAR1) are responsible for dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH). DSH patients display a mixture of hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules on the dorsal aspects of the extremities, and freckle-like macules on the face. AIMS: To provide new evidence for further study of the etiopathogenisis of DSH. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted and used as a template for the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of all 15 coding exons as well as intron-exon boundaries of ADAR1...
March 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524457/factors-related-to-nevus-associated-cutaneous-melanoma-a-case-case-study
#11
Nirmala Pandeya, Marina Kvaskoff, Catherine M Olsen, Adèle C Green, Susan Perry, Catherine Baxter, Marcia B Davis, Rohan Mortimore, Lorraine Westacott, Dominic Wood, Joe Triscott, Richard Williamson, David C Whiteman
A proportion of cutaneous melanomas display neval remnants on histologic examination. Converging lines of epidemiologic and molecular evidence suggest that melanomas arising from nevus precursors differ from melanomas arising de novo. In a large, population-based study comprising 636 cutaneous melanomas subjected to dermatopathology review, we explored the molecular, host, and environmental factors associated with the presence of neval remnants. We found that nevus-associated melanomas were significantly associated with younger age at presentation, non-brown eye color, trunk site, thickness of less than 0...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524265/the-iris-signal-blue-periphery-tan-collaret-and-freckles-pattern-strong-indicators-for-epidermal-skin-cancer-in-south-eastern-europe
#12
M Grigore, F Furtunescu, D Minca, M Costache, C Garbe, O Simionescu
BACKGROUND: Eye and skin share the embryological origin. Both are established risk factors in epidermal skin cancer. There are few reports using iris colour classification scales, most of them analyse colour in general or are too complex to use in daily practice. OBJECTIVES: To investigate which iris colour pattern is associated with epidermal skin cancer in a S-E European Caucasian population. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 480 patients: 229 skin cancers patients and 251 controls (dermatological patients free of skin cancers) admitted in two medical clinics of Dermatology in Bucharest, between October 2011 and May 2014...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503567/the-investigation-for-potential-modifier-genes-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-based-on-next-generation-sequencing
#13
Fan Yang, Song Xu, Renwang Liu, Tao Shi, Xiongfei Li, Xuebing Li, Gang Chen, Hongyu Liu, Qinghua Zhou, Jun Chen
Introduction: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common Mendelian multi-system disorder that is characterized by café-au-lait spots (CLS), axillary freckling, optic glioma and plexiform neurofibroma. Various mutations of the NF1 gene are widely accepted to be the main cause of this disease, while whether there are still certain other modifier genes that could influence the phenotypes of NF1 is our concern. Patients and Methods: One proband and his father are involved, who are characterized by plexiform neurofibroma and cutaneous neurofibroma, respectively...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444762/hemimegalencephaly-with-bannayan-riley-ruvalcaba-syndrome
#14
Ryan Ghusayni, Monisha Sachdev, William Gallentine, Mohamad A Mikati, Marie T McDonald
Hemimegalencephaly is known to occur in Proteus syndrome, but has not been reported, to our knowledge, in the other PTEN mutation-related syndrome of Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba. Here, we report a patient with Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome who also had hemimegalencephaly and in whom the hemimegalencephaly was evident well before presentation of the characteristic manifestations of Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome. An 11-year-old boy developed drug-resistant focal seizures on the fifth day of life. MRI revealed left hemimegalencephaly...
February 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431372/pigmentation-disorders-diagnosis-and-management
#15
Scott Plensdorf, Maria Livieratos, Nabil Dada
Pigmentation disorders are commonly diagnosed, evaluated, and treated in primary care practices. Typical hyperpigmentation disorders include postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, solar lentigines, ephelides (freckles), and café au lait macules. These conditions are generally benign but can be distressing to patients. Appropriate dermatologic history, skin examination, and skin biopsy, when appropriate, can help exclude melanoma and its precursors. In addition to addressing the underlying condition, hyperpigmentation is treated with topical agents, chemical peels, cryotherapy, light or laser therapy, or a combination of these methods...
December 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400299/an-interesting-case-of-piebaldism-with-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-macules-and-freckling-the-use-of-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-for-molecular-diagnosis
#16
Carmelo Schepis, Pinella Failla, Maddalena Siragusa, Valeria Chiavetta, Giuseppa Ruggeri, Francesco Calì
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367869/clinical-profile-of-300-men-with-facial-hypermelanosis
#17
Mrinal Gupta, Vikram K Mahajan
Background: Facial hypermelanosis is a significant cause of cosmetic disfigurement, social embarrassment and psychological morbidity affecting quality of life. Objective: To study clinicoepidemlogic patterns of facial hypermelanoses among men. Material and Methods: Medical records of all adult males presenting with facial hypermelanoses were analyzed for this retrospective cross sectional study for demographic details, duration, cosmetic usage, sun exposure, drug intake, infections, systemic or cutaneous diseases, and family history of hypermelanotic dermatosis...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321362/a-novel-missense-mutation-of-adar1-gene-in-a-chinese-family-leading-to-dyschromatosis-symmetrica-hereditaria-and-literature-review
#18
Shuai-Mei Liu, Meng-Xia Ni, Ming-Chao Zhang, Pei-Ran Zhu, Qiu-Yu Wu, Wei-Jun Jiang, Jing Zhang, Wei-Wei Li, Xin-Yi Xia
Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) is a rare autosomal dominant pigmentary genodermatosis, which is characterized by a mixture of hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules on the dorsal of the hands and feet, and on the face presented like freckle. Identification of RNA-specific adenosine deaminase 1 (ADAR1) gene results in DSH. This study was mainly to explore the pathogenic mutation of ADAR1 gene and provide genetics counselling and prenatal diagnostic testing for childbearing individuals.Mutational analysis of ADAR1 gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and electrophoretic separation of PCR products by 1...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320342/factors-associated-with-sunbed-use-in-women-the-e3n-sunexp-study
#19
Isabelle Savoye, Iris Cervenka, Yahya Mahamat-Saleh, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Marina Kvaskoff
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we attempt to describe the profile of sunbed users among cancer-free French women. METHODS: E3N is a prospective cohort including 98,995 French women aged 40- 65 years in 1990. In 2008, a specific UV questionnaire was sent to all reported skin cancer cases and 3 controls per case, matched on age, county of birth, and education. We used logistic regression models adjusted for pigmentary traits. RESULTS: Compared with non-users, ever-users of sunbeds were younger (ptrend < ...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315480/iris-pigmented-lesions-as-a-marker-of-cutaneous-melanoma-risk-an-australian-case-control-study
#20
A M Laino, E G Berry, K Jagirdar, K J Lee, D L Duffy, H P Soyer, R A Sturm
BACKGROUND: Iris naevi and iris freckles have a frequency of 4% and 50% in the European population, respectively. They are associated with dysplastic naevi, but few studies have examined their link to cutaneous melanoma. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether iris pigmented lesions are a predictive indicator for cutaneous melanoma. METHODS: This is a melanoma case-control study of 1254 European-background Australians. Sun exposure and melanoma history, a saliva sample for DNA analysis and eye photographs taken with a digital camera were collected from 1117 participants...
January 8, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
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