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morbidity among elderly

Marco Braga, Nicolò Pecorelli, Marco Scatizzi, Felice Borghi, Giancarlo Missana, Danilo Radrizzani
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways represent the optimal approach for patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Elderly or low physical status patients have been often excluded from ERAS pathways because considered at high risk. The aim of this study is to assess the adherence to ERAS protocol and its impact on short-term postoperative outcome in patients with different surgical risk undergoing elective colorectal resection. METHODS: Prospectively collected data entered in an electronic Italian registry specifically designed for ERAS were reviewed...
October 20, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
John I Shin, Kevin Phan, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of administrative database. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the effect of glycemic control on surgical outcomes of middle-aged and elderly idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a condition thought to adversely affect outcomes of spine surgery. However, no study has stratified glycemic control levels and their impact on outcome for idiopathic scoliosis patients receiving a spinal fusion surgery...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Agathe Gerwina Elena Pollmann, Marianne Frederiksen, Eva Prescott
PURPOSE: Evidence of the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after heart valve surgery is scarce, but nevertheless CR is recommended for this group of patients. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of CR on exercise capacity, cardiovascular risk factors, and long-term mortality and morbidity, as well as predictors for enrolment in or failing to complete CR. METHODS: A review of medical records identified 250 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between January 2009 and August 2013...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Nuria Berrocal-Izquierdo, Miquel Bioque, Miguel Bernardo
Patients with chronic schizophrenia-related disorders are at a heightened risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The presence and interpretation of cerebral vascular lesions in neuroimaging tests in these patients represents a common clinical challenge. Nevertheless, the literature on cerebrovascular disease in this population is scarce and contradictory. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between schizophrenia-related disorders and cerebrovascular morbidity. A case-control study compared cerebrovascular morbidity in a group of patients with schizophrenia-related disorder versus a group of patients with another severe mental illness...
October 14, 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
Katsuhiko Kohara
The effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment in elderly hypertensive patients has been established through numerous randomized clinical trials including the Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial (HYVET). However, because of the diversity of biological aging among individuals, chronological age is not the sole determinant for the target blood pressure (BP) level at which antihypertensive medications are aimed. Several conditions, especially frailty, needed be evaluated in managing hypertension among elderly people...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yao Wang, Xiaoyan Yi, Qifu Li, Jun Zhang, Zhihong Wang
BACKGROUND: This systematic review was performed to compare the effectiveness and safety of SG in the obese elderly patients with the young ones. METHODS: Cohort studies that compared outcomes among old and young patients who had undergone SG were included. Summary odds ratios were estimated using a random effect model. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included. Old patients had a worse outcome in percentage of excess weight loss than the young ones (SMD -0...
October 6, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Sami Hamdan Alzahrani, Ismail Abdelmoneim El Sayed, Sarah Mohammed Alshamrani
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent among the elderly and is associated with poor clinical prognosis, decreased functional status, and increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of geriatric malnutrition among outpatients of a geriatric clinic and to determine factors associated with malnutrition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient clinic of the King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
A Madhavan, L A LaGorio, M A Crary, W J Dahl, G D Carnaby
OBJECTIVES: This review clarifies current information regarding the prevalence of and risk factors associated with dysphagia (swallowing disorders) in the community dwelling elderly (CDE). A better understanding of prevalence and characteristics of dysphagia in the CDE will help to determine the scope of this problem. Understanding the scope of dysphagia is a critical first step towards early identification, management, and prevention of dysphagia related morbidities in the CDE. METHODS: Studies identified from multiple electronic databases (MEDLINE (Pubmed), PsychInfo, Google Scholar, EBSCO, PROQUEST, Web of Science and WorldCat dissertations and theses) evaluating prevalence and risk factors for dysphagia in the CDE were reviewed...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Corinne E Wee, Tyler D Ames, Khoi M Le, Tiffany Wang, Laura S Phieffer, Carmen E Quatman
Fragility fractures, or fractures occurring from a low-trauma event, are extremely prevalent among the elderly population worldwide and associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This study evaluated the relationship between FES-I Fear of Falling Survey results, self-reported activity restrictions via the SF-36 survey, and scores recorded by portable, inexpensive clinical assessment tools (CATs) during dynamic functional tasks. Low scores during these tasks may indicate functional deficits that put patients at risk for falls and subsequent fragility fractures...
October 2016: Aging and Disease
Kun Hwang, Jin Pyo Lee, Si Yoon Yoo, Hun Kim
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between free flap complications and old age or comorbidities. In a PubMed and Scopus search, the search terms (1) free flap OR microvascular anastomosis AND (2) elderly OR old age AND (3) complications OR comorbidity OR co-morbidity were used. Among the 62 full-text articles from 241 abstracts, 31 papers without sufficient content were excluded and 10 mined papers were added. Subsequently, 41 papers were reviewed. Overall complication rates of free flap increased significantly with age (p < 0...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Jane Winter, Sarah A McNaughton, Caryl A Nowson
Older people living in the community face unique nutritional issues that put them at risk of undernutrition, which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Primary healthcare staff such as general practitioners (GPs) and practice nurses (PNs) are well placed to identify nutritional problems early and intervene. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences and current practices in a sample of GPs and PNs with regards to nutritional care of elderly patients. An online survey of GPs and PNs working in regional Victoria was conducted...
October 4, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Charalampos Fragkoulis, Ioannis Gkialas, Georgios Papadopoulos, Konstantinos Ntoumas
Prostate cancer is a major public health problem worldwide, still remaining the most common cancer among elder males in both Europe and USA, being responsible for approximately 30,000 deaths in USA in 2014. Nowadays, after decades of basic research, novel treatment options have emerged focusing on men suffering from metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer improving overall survival. It is also estimated that more than 90% of such patients develop bone metastasis, resulting in a significant increase in morbidity and mortality...
July 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Takeshi Kera, Ayako Edahiro, Hirohiko Hirano, Hisashi Kawai, Hideyo Yoshida, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi
BACKGROUND: Under the hypothesis that elderly people in the community may have deficient oropharyngeal dysfunction, the purpose of this case-control study was to compare oral and physical characteristics in elderly people with and without a history of pneumonia and to identify factors distinguishing them. METHODS: In 2014, we examined 1,311 elderly people who agreed to participate in a longitudinal and intervention study for the community-dwelling elderly. We looked at such physical characteristics as body composition, grip power, gait, and balance and at oropharyngeal characteristics, such as alternating motion rate (AMR) in speech and the repetitive saliva-swallowing test (RSST)...
September 27, 2016: Respiratory Care
Jérémy Raffin, Jean-Claude Barthelemy, Philippe Terrat, Marie-Christine Diana, Emilie Achour, Paul Calmels, Mathieu Oriol, Thierry Busso, Lallia Hammadi, Claude Montuy-Coquard, Rémi Bouvier, Rémi Poillerat, Frédéric Roche, David Hupin
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that physical activity reduces the physiological effects of ageing. Among them, is the decrease of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity, which is associated with the increase of cardiovascular events and morbidities. It has been shown that high intensity cycle training can enhance the ANS activity by 30% in people with the age of 70. However, such trainings were done by old athletes, used to train at intensities that could not be tolerated by sedentary old people, such as nursing home residents...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Tatiane Morais Ferreira, Maria Cristina Forti, Clarice Umbelino de Freitas, Felipe Parra Nascimento, Washington Leite Junger, Nelson Gouveia
Various fractions of particulate matter have been associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The purpose of our study is to analyze the associations between concentrations of PM2.5, PM2.5-10, PM10 and their chemical constituents (soluble ions) with hospital admissions due to circulatory and respiratory diseases among the elderly in a medium-sized city in Brazil. A time series study was conducted using Poisson regression with generalized additive models adjusted for confounders. Statistically significant associations were identified between PM10 and PM2...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Katsuhiko Kohara
The effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment in elderly hypertensive patients has been established through numerous randomized clinical trials including the Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial (HYVET). However, because of the diversity of biological aging among individuals, chronological age is not the sole determinant for the target blood pressure (BP) level at which antihypertensive medications are aimed. Several conditions, especially frailty, needed be evaluated in managing hypertension among elderly people...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Zaid Chaudhry, Seth Ashley Cohen, Christopher Tarnay
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of age on 30-day perioperative complications and length of stay (LOS) for minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy (MISC) using a national database. METHODS: We performed an institutional review board-exempt retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data, using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to analyze MISC performed at participating hospitals from 2010 to 2013. Age was stratified into the following 5 categories: younger than 60, 60 to 64, 65 to 69, 70 to 74, and 75 years or older...
September 16, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Davi Félix Martins Junior, Ridalva Martins Felzemburgh, Acácia Batista Dias, André C Caribé, S Bezerra-Filho, Ângela Miranda-Scippa
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is the main predictor of suicide constituting a major public health issue worldwide. It is estimated that for every completed suicide, 10 to 20 suicide attempts occur. Important part of the occurrences of suicide attempts in Brazil are registered in the hospital information system for coverage of more than 70 % allows to evaluate the extent of this problem in the country. The scope of this article is to analyse hospitalizations resulting from suicide attempts at public hospitals or services contracted out by the public health system (SUS) in Brazil from 1998 to 2014...
2016: BMC Public Health
James Hart, Michael Woodruff, Elizabeth Joy, Joseph Dalto, Gregory Snow, Rajendu Srivastava, Brad Isaacson, Todd Allen
INTRODUCTION: Little data exists to help urgent care (UC) clinicians predict morbidity and mortality risk. Age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), and heart rate (HR) are easily obtainable and have been used in other settings to predict short-term risk of deterioration. We hypothesized that there is a relationship between advancing age, SBP, HR, and short-term health outcomes in the UC setting. METHODS: We collected retrospective data from 28 UC clinics and 22 hospitals in the Intermountain Healthcare system between years 2008-2013...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Manikandan Srinivasan, Venkatachalam Duraisamy, Gomathi Ramaswamy, Vinayagamurthy Venugopal, Palanivel Chinnakali
BACKGROUND: Recently, under National Health Mission alternate systems of Medicine are mainstreamed in public health care system. Effective action plan generation, logistic arrangement and roll out of these alternate systems of Medicine needs understanding on profile of morbidities among attendees who come to these facilities. OBJECTIVES: This study was planned to report profile of morbidities, age and sex differentials in specific morbidities among geriatric attendees in secondary level siddha health facilities...
April 2016: Ancient Science of Life
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