keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urban area

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166476/-maternal-breastfeeding-and-associated-factors-in-children-under-two-years-the-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#1
Thaynã Ramos Flores, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Rosália Garcia Neves, Andrea T Wendt, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
The objective was to assess the prevalence of maternal breastfeeding and associated factors in Brazilian children under two years of age. This was a cross-sectional nationwide study in 2013. The outcomes were breastfeeding in children under 24 months and exclusive breastfeeding under six months of age. A hierarchical analysis was performed for associated factors. The analyses were stratified by age (0-5 months and 29 days; 6-11 months and 29 days; 12-23 months and 29 days of age). Prevalence of maternal breastfeeding was 56% for the total sample, and as follows according to age: 80% (0-5 months and 29 days), 62...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166134/injection-partners-hcv-and-hiv-status-among-rural-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-puerto-rico
#2
Patrick Habecker, Roberto Abadie, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Juan Carlos Reyes, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV among persons who inject drugs (PWID) and the ability of these diseases to spread through injection networks are well documented in urban areas. However, less is known about injection behaviors in rural areas. OBJECTIVES: This study focuses on the association between the number of self-reported injection partners with the PWID's self-reported HCV and HIV status. Injection networks provide paths for infection and information to flow, and are important to consider when developing prevention and intervention strategies...
November 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165365/integrated-evaluation-of-coupling-coordination-for-land-use-change-and-ecological-security-a-case-study-in-wuhan-city-of-hubei-province-china
#3
Ji Chai, Zhanqi Wang, Hongwei Zhang
As land resources and ecosystems provide necessary materials and conditions for human development, land use change and ecological security play increasingly important roles in sustainable development. This study aims to reveal the mutual-influence and interaction between land use change and ecological security in Wuhan, based on the coupling coordination degree model. As such, it provides strategies for the achievement of the synchronous and coordinated development of urbanization and ecological security. The results showed that, during the period from 2006 to 2012, the size of built-up area in Wuhan increased to 26...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165141/association-between-perceived-neighborhood-environment-and-health-of-middle-aged-women-living-in-rapidly-changing-urban-mongolia
#4
Tserendulam Shagdarsuren, Keiko Nakamura, Layla McCay
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted in rapidly urbanizing Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, to examine patterns of perceived neighborhood quality by residents and the associations between these patterns and self-reported general and mental health in middle-aged women. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was administered to 960 women aged 40-60 years. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics, subjects' perception of their neighborhood environment, general health status, and mental health as measured using a 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) were reported...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164867/is-traffic-still-an-important-emitter-of-mono-aromatic-organic-compounds-in-european-urban-areas
#5
Agnès Borbon, Anne Boynard, Therese Salameh, Alexia Baudic, Valerie Gros, Julie Gauduin, Olivier Perrussel, Cyril Pallares
Trends of long-term observations and emission inventories suggest that traffic emissions will no longer dominate the concentrations of mono-aromatic compounds (i.e. TEX - Toluene, Xylenes and Ethylbenzene) in European urban areas. But the split limit between traffic and other emission sector contributions such as solvent use remains tenuous. Here long-term observations of an extensive set of hydrocarbons, including TEX, at traffic and urban background sites in London, Paris and Strasbourg were combined to estimate the relative importance of traffic emissions on TEX in every city...
November 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164802/use-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-israelensis-in-integrated-vector-control-of-aedes-sp-in-sri-lanka-a-prospective-controlled-effectiveness-study
#6
H A Tissera, P C Samaraweera, B D W Jayamanne, M D S Janaki, M P P U Chulasiri, C Rodrigo, S D Fernando
OBJECTIVES: The annual incidence of dengue has been increasing over the last few years in Sri Lanka with seasonal epidemics. Biological control of the vector has not been part of the integrated vector control implemented by the public health authorities of Sri Lanka so far. This pilot study assessed the effectiveness of using Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) spray to control the Aedes mosquito vector population density. METHODS: Prospective controlled effectiveness study in 3 administrative divisions of Colombo...
November 22, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164536/particle-size-distribution-predicts-particulate-phosphorus-removal
#7
Mark River, Curtis J Richardson
Particulate phosphorus (PP) is often the largest component of the total phosphorus (P) load in stormwater. Fine-resolution measurement of particle sizes allows us to investigate the mechanisms behind the removal of PP in stormwater wetlands, since the diameter of particles influences the settling velocity and the amount of sorbed P on a particle. In this paper, we present a novel method to estimate PP, where we measure and count individual particles in stormwater and use the total surface area as a proxy for PP...
November 21, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164180/you-can-t-burn-the-house-down-because-of-one-bedbug-a-qualitative-study-of-changing-gender-norms-in-the-prevention-of-violence-against-women-and-girls-in-an-urban-informal-settlement-in-india
#8
Nayreen Daruwalla, Ketaki Hate, Preethi Pinto, Gauri Ambavkar, Bhaskar Kakad, David Osrin
Background: The contribution of structural inequalities and societal legitimisation to violence against women, which 30% of women in India survive each year, is widely accepted. There is a consensus that interventions should aim to change gender norms, particularly through community mobilisation. How this should be done is less clear. Methods: We did a qualitative study in a large informal settlement in Mumbai, an environment that characterises 41% of households. After reviewing the anonymised records of consultations with 1653 survivors of violence, we conducted 5 focus group discussions and 13 individual interviews with 71 women and men representing a range of age groups and communities...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164049/polyphenols-treatment-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#9
Ludovico Abenavoli, Natasa Milic, Francesco Luzza, Luigi Boccuto, Antonino De Lorenzo
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 25-30% of the general population worldwide and this high prevalence is linked with lifestyle and dietetic changes, not only in Western countries, but also in the urban areas of developing countries. Several pharmacological approaches were proposed in the treatment of NAFLD, but the reported results are inconclusive. International guidelines recommended the reduction of dietary fat and fructose, in association with some physical activity. In this context, it was reported that the protective effects of traditional Mediterranean diet, related to the high concentration of antioxidant compounds, particularly of polyphenols...
September 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161803/modeling-the-effects-of-pollutant-emissions-from-large-industrial-complexes-on-benzene-toluene-and-xylene-btx-concentrations-in-urban-areas
#10
Jin-Hee Bang, Inbo Oh, Soontae Kim, Seunghee You, Yangho Kim, Ho-Jang Kwon, Geun-Bae Kim
This study utilized the Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) model to simulate the spatial distribution of benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) concentrations in Ulsan metropolitan region (UMR), where large national industrial complexes (IC) are located. Through controlling the pollutant emissions in major IC, this study has performed a quantitative analysis on the influence of pollutant emissions from the IC on the BTX concentrations in surrounding urban areas. The seasonal modeling results indicated that the average BTX concentrations were high around the petrochemical complexes, with higher concentrations in the surrounding urban areas during the summer...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161675/a-comparison-of-two-digestion-methods-for-assessing-heavy-metals-level-in-urban-soils-influenced-by-mining-and-industrial-activities
#11
Khaled A M Alsaleh, Helmut Meuser, Adel R A Usman, Mohammad I Al-Wabel, Abdullah S Al-Farraj
A comparison between two digestion methods of hot plate Hossner (total-total) and USEPA method 3051 (total-recoverable) was carried out to suggest a proper method for determining nine heavy metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) content of three urban soils affected by mining (Mahd AD'Dahab) or industrial activities (Riyadh and Jubail) at Saudi Arabia. The results showed no significant differences between two digestion methods for Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in soils affected by mining and for Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in soils affected by industrial activities...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161476/-spatial-distribution-of-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-in-the-rural-area-of-two-municipalities-of-cundinamarca-colombia
#12
Laura Cabezas, Wilson Cabanzo, Fernando Santa, Victor Alberto Olano, Diana Sarmiento, Sandra Vargas, Juan Felipe Jaramillo, Thor-Axel Stenstrom, Hans J Overgaard, María Inés Matiz
INTRODUCTION: It is difficult to adapt or create new strategies for dengue control in rural areas due to the dispersion of homes and the lack of knowledge about the presence and behavior of the vector in these areas. Spatial data analysis could help understand time and space dynamics related to the transmission of vector-borne diseases in rural areas and, thus, contribute to the prevention and control of dengue. OBJECTIVE: To determine the probability of the presence of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in the rural area of the municipalities of Anapoima and La Mesa, in the central area of Colombia...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161270/tracking-urban-human-activity-from-mobile-phone-calling-patterns
#13
Daniel Monsivais, Asim Ghosh, Kunal Bhattacharya, Robin I M Dunbar, Kimmo Kaski
Timings of human activities are marked by circadian clocks which in turn are entrained to different environmental signals. In an urban environment the presence of artificial lighting and various social cues tend to disrupt the natural entrainment with the sunlight. However, it is not completely understood to what extent this is the case. Here we exploit the large-scale data analysis techniques to study the mobile phone calling activity of people in large cities to infer the dynamics of urban daily rhythms. From the calling patterns of about 1,000,000 users spread over different cities but lying inside the same time-zone, we show that the onset and termination of the calling activity synchronizes with the east-west progression of the sun...
November 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160826/the-communication-awareness-relationships-and-empowerment-c-a-r-e-model-an-effective-tool-for-engaging-urban-communities-in-community-based-participatory-research
#14
Joniqua Ceasar, Marlene H Peters-Lawrence, Valerie Mitchell, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Little is known about recruitment methods for racial/ethnic minority populations from resource-limited areas for community-based health and needs assessments, particularly assessments that incorporate mobile health (mHealth) technology for characterizing physical activity and dietary intake. We examined whether the Communication, Awareness, Relationships and Empowerment (C.A.R.E.) model could reduce challenges recruiting and retaining participants from faith-based organizations in predominantly African American Washington, D...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160435/risk-factors-in-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-associated-with-high-exposure-to-vehicular-traffic
#15
Poliany Cristiny de Oliveira Rodrigues, Emerson Soares Dos Santos, Sandra de Souza Hacon, Eliane Ignotti
OBJECTIVE: To identify areas and risk factors in cardiovascular disease (CD) mortality associated with air pollution from high exposure to vehicular traffic. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of CD mortality in 2,617 individuals aged 45-85 years living in the urban area of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, between 2009 and 2011. We used the residential proximity of up to 150 meters to a roadway of great vehicle flow as a proxy of high exposure to air pollution from vehicular traffic...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160434/brazilian-health-survey-2013-relation-between-alcohol-use-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-by-sex-in-brazil
#16
Ísis Eloah Machado, Maristela Goldnadel Monteiro, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Francisco Carlos Félix Lana
OBJECTIVE: To analyze sociodemographic factors associated with alcohol use according to gender in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data from 2013 Brazilian Health Survey about 60,202 adults. We analyzed recent alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking in the 30 days prior to the research stratified by gender. The covariates were: age, educational level, skin color, marital status, and place of residence. RESULTS: The prevalence of recent alcohol use was 26...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160433/individual-and-contextual-level-factors-associated-with-client-initiated-hiv-testing
#17
Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Eliana Miura Zucchi, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Ivan França
BACKGROUND: Knowing the reasons for seeking HIV testing is central for HIV prevention. Despite the availability of free HIV counseling and testing in Brazil, coverage remains lacking. METHODS: Survey of 4,760 respondents from urban areas was analyzed. Individual-level variables included sociodemographic characteristics; sexual and reproductive health; HIV/AIDS treatment knowledge and beliefs; being personally acquainted with a person with HIV/AIDS; and holding discriminatory ideas about people living with HIV...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160193/fertility-transition-in-sri-lanka-is-it-a-temporary-phenomenon
#18
E L Sunethra J Perera
This paper examines the fertility transition and its recent dynamics in Sri Lanka using data from Demographic and Health Surveys and Population Censuses. Fertility trends and patterns were analysed for two periods: 1953-2000 and 2000-2012. The findings revealed that Sri Lanka's fertility transition has been relatively rapid and has taken place over a period of about four decades to reach replacement level. Social and health-related factors, including decline in maternal and infant mortality, increase in women's education, changes in institutions, reproductive values and behaviour, and increased contraceptive use all contributed to bringing down the fertility level by 2000...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159470/biogeochemical-assessment-of-the-urban-area-in-moscow
#19
Vadim Ermakov, Leonid Perelomov, Sabsbakhor Khushvakhtova, Sergey Tyutikov, Valentina Danilova, Vladimir Safonov
The biogeochemical and ecological assessment of the industrial city territory including urban soils and trees was carried out. Chemical (macroelement and microelement) composition of the city soils, morphological and biochemical properties of the linden leaves, possible impact of de-icing salts on soil and tree state, the correlation between the content of trace elements, and the S-containing plant compounds (phytochelatins) were included in the assessment. It was found that concentrations of trace elements in the soils near road with intensive traffic are changed from the soils, located at a distance of 40-50 m from the road...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159217/data-on-strategically-located-land-and-spatially-integrated-urban-human-settlements-in-south-africa
#20
Walter Musakwa
In developing countries like South Africa processed geographic information systems (GIS) data on land suitability, is often not available for land use management. Data in this article is based on a published article "The strategically located land index support system for humans settlements land reform in South Africa" (Musakwa et al., 2017) [1]. This article utilities data from Musakwa et al. (2017) [1] and it goes on a step further by presenting the top 25th percentile of areas in the country that are strategically located and suited to develop spatially integrated human settlements...
December 2017: Data in Brief
keyword
keyword
89750
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"