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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545246/increasing-the-use-of-urban-greenways-in-developing-countries-a-case-study-on-wutong-greenway-in-shenzhen-china
#1
Yiyong Chen, Weiying Gu, Tao Liu, Lei Yuan, Mali Zeng
Given the benefits of urban greenways on the health and well-being of urban populations, the increased use of urban greenways has garnered increasing attention. Studies on urban greenways, however, have been mostly conducted in Western countries, whereas there is limited knowledge on greenway use in urban areas in developing countries. To address this shortcoming, the present study selected Wutong Greenway in Shenzhen, China, as a case study and focused on the use pattern and factors that influence the frequency and duration of urban greenway use in developing countries...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545203/influence-of-urban-vegetation-on-air-pollution-and-noise-exposure-a-case-study-in-gothenburg-sweden
#2
Jenny Klingberg, Malin Broberg, Bo Strandberg, Pontus Thorsson, Håkan Pleijel
Air pollution levels (NO2, PAHs, O3) were investigated, before (BLE) and after (ALE) leaf emergence, in the urban landscape of Gothenburg, Sweden. The aims were to study the 1) spatial and temporal variation in pollution levels between urban green areas, 2) effect of urban vegetation on air pollution levels at the same distance from a major emission source (traffic route), 3) improvement of urban air quality in urban parks compared to adjacent sites near traffic, 4) correlation between air pollution and noise in a park...
May 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545200/descriptive-epidemiology-of-female-breast-cancer-in-delhi-india
#3
Nalliah Manoharan, Omana Nair, N K Shukla, Goura Kishor Rath
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in females worldwide. The Population Based Cancer Registry data of Delhi were here used to describe the epidemiology and trends in breast cancer incidence in Delhi. Methods: Crude rate, age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) and age-specific incidence rates were calculated using the data collected by Delhi PBCR for the year 2012. The time trend of breast cancer incidence was evaluated by joinpoint regression using the PBCR data from 1988-2012...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545195/perceived-risk-of-cervical-cancer-and-barriers-to-screening-among-secondary-school-female-teachers-in-al-hassa-saudi-arabia
#4
Marwa Rashad Salem, Tarek Tawfik Amin, Abdulhamid Abdulrahman Alhulaybi, Abdulaziz Sami Althafar, Rehab Ahmed Abdelhai
Background: No previous studies had addressed the perceived risk of cervical cancer (CC) and its influence on screening practices and perceived barriers in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 506 randomly selected Saudi female secondary school teachers in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia to assess their level of knowledge about risk factors and signs of CC in relation to perceived risk and to characterize CC screening compliance using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Of the included female Saudi teachers, 65...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545194/knowledge-attitudes-and-preventive-practice-towards-breast-cancer-among-general-practitioner-health-professionals-in-morocco
#5
Naima Abda, Adil Najdi, Samira El Fakir, Nabil Tachfouti, Mohamed Berraho, Youssef Chami Khazraji, Loubna Abousselham, Latifa Belakhel, Rachid Bekkali, Chakib Nejjari
Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer of women in Morocco and its diagnosis is usually made at advanced stages. The aim of this study was to describe the knowledge, practices and attitudes of general practitioners regarding early detection of breast cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out during July 2011 on a sample of 140 general practitioners employed in basic health care facilities. Results: The majority (85.7%) of general practitioners were aware of the existence of a ministerial circular which aimed to generalize breast cancer screening...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544493/-it-s-a-fight-to-get-anything-you-need-accessing-care-in-the-community-from-the-perspectives-of-people-with-multimorbidity
#6
Julia W Ho, Kerry Kuluski, Jennifer Im
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in redesigning health-care systems to better manage the increasing numbers of people with multimorbidity. Knowing how patients experience health-care delivery and what they need from the health-care system are critical pieces of evidence that can be used to guide health system reforms. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the challenges patients with multimorbidity face in accessing care in the community, and the implications for patients and their families...
May 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544429/diabetes-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-cambodia-results-from-two-screening-studies
#7
Julie Wagner, Diana Naranjo, Touch Khun, Serey Seng, Ien Srey Horn, Sakinah Carter Suttiratana, Lim Keuky
BACKGROUND: Despite growing attention to diabetes throughout Asia, data from Southeast Asia are limited. This article reports rates of diabetes, hypertension and obesity in Cambodia. METHODS: Two studies were conducted across different regions of Cambodia: a 2012 screening study across urban, semi-urban and rural areas that used point of care capillary glucose for determination of diabetes (n = 13,997) and a 2005 epidemiological study with random selection from two main urban areas that used oral glucose tolerance tests for determination of diabetes (n = 1,863)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544258/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-7-year-follow-up-study-among-urban-adult-sri-lankans
#8
Madunil Anuk Niriella, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Shamila Thivanshi De Silva, Anuradhani Kasturiratna, Ruwan Perera, Chamila Erandaka Subasinghe, Kuleesha Kodisinghe, Chathura Piyaratna, Vithiya Rishikesawan, Anuradha Supun Dassanayaka, Arjuna Priyadarshin De Silva, Rajitha Wickramasinghe, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Norihiro Kato, Hithanadura Janaka de Silva
BACKGROUND: This study investigated incidence and risk factors for NAFLD among an adult cohort with 7-years follow-up. METHODS: The study population (age-stratified random sampling, Ragama MOH area) was screened initially in 2007 (aged 35-64 years) and re-evaluated in 2014 (aged 42-71 years). On both occasions assessed by structured interview, anthropometric measurements, liver ultrasound, biochemical and serological tests. NAFLD was diagnosed on ultrasound criteria, safe alcohol consumption and absence of hepatitis B/C markers...
May 19, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544011/changing-trends-in-the-use-of-kratom-mitragyna-speciosa-in-southeast-asia
#9
Darshan Singh, Suresh Narayanan, Balasingam Vicknasingam, Ornella Corazza, Rita Santacroce, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu
OBJECTIVE: Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa. Korth) is an indigenous medicinal plant of Southeast Asia. This review paper aims to describe the trends of kratom use in Southeast Asia. DESIGN: A literature review search was conducted through ScienceDirect, Scopus, ProMed and Google Scholar. Twenty-five articles illustrating kratom use in humans in Southeast Asia were reviewed. RESULTS: Kratom has long been used by rural populations in Southeast Asia as a remedy for common ailments, to fight fatigue from hard manual work, as a drink during social interaction among men, and in village religious functions...
May 24, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542455/factors-influencing-interest-in-recreational-sports-participation-and-its-rural-urban-disparity
#10
Chiehfeng Chen, Liang-Ting Tsai, Ching-Feng Lin, Chun-Ching Huang, Yao-Tsung Chang, Ruey-Yu Chen, Shu-Yu Lyu
OBJECTIVES: Recreational sports are important leisure activities. However, most studies investigating barrier factors and motivation for participation in recreational sports have been limited to specific areas (e.g., a city or school) or demographic groups (e.g., adolescents). Therefore, this study set out to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the behavioral and socioeconomic factors influencing interest in recreational sports participation in Taiwan, as well as to evaluate the effect of any urban-rural divide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542166/indoor-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-and-risk-of-under-five-mortality-in-23-sub-saharan-africa-countries-a-population-based-study-and-meta-analysis
#11
Patrick Opiyo Owili, Miriam Adoyo Muga, Wen-Chi Pan, Hsien-Wen Kuo
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of secondhand smoke from tobacco results in serious health outcomes among under-five children, and yet, few studies have assessed its effect on under-five mortality. We investigated the association between frequency of exposure to household tobacco smoke and risk of under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: Demographic Health Survey data of under-five children from 23 SSA countries (n = 787,484) were used. Cox proportional hazard models described the association between exposure to tobacco smoke and the risk of under-five mortality in each country, with age as the time-to-event indicator...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542117/prevalence-of-arthritis-and-arthritis-attributable-activity-limitation-by-urban-rural-county-classification-united-states-2015
#12
Michael A Boring, Jennifer M Hootman, Yong Liu, Kristina A Theis, Louise B Murphy, Kamil E Barbour, Charles G Helmick, Terry J Brady, Janet B Croft
Rural populations in the United States have well documented health disparities, including higher prevalences of chronic health conditions (1,2). Doctor-diagnosed arthritis is one of the most prevalent health conditions (22.7%) in the United States, affecting approximately 54.4 million adults (3). The impact of arthritis is considerable: an estimated 23.7 million adults have arthritis-attributable activity limitation (AAAL). The age-standardized prevalence of AAAL increased nearly 20% from 2002 to 2015 (3). Arthritis prevalence varies widely by state (range = 19%-36%) and county (range = 16%-39%) (4)...
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542020/ciclovia-in-a-rural-latino-community-results-and-lessons-learned
#13
Cynthia K Perry, Linda K Ko, Lidia Hernandez, Rosa Ortiz, Sandra Linde
CONTEXT: Ciclovias involve the temporary closure of roads to motorized vehicles, allowing for use by bicyclists, walkers, and runners and for other physical activity. Ciclovias have been held in urban and suburban communities in the United States and Latin America. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the first ciclovia held in a rural, predominantly Latino community in Washington State. SETTING: Three blocks within a downtown area in a rural community were closed for 5 hours on a Saturday in July 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541771/distributions-sources-and-ecological-risk-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-subsurface-water-of-urban-old-industrial-relocation-areas-a-case-study-in-shenyang-china
#14
Ying-Hua Li, Hai-Bo Li, Xin-Yang Xu, Si-Yao Xiao, Si-Qi Wang
During a 12-month study period, the levels, distributions, sources and ecological risk of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in subsurface water of Shenyang (the largest urban industrial relocation base in China). The results showed that ΣPAH concentration ranged from 0.21 to 1.07 µg/L, in descending order as follows, summer, autumn, spring and winter. Comparing with the situations before relocation, there was a significant decrease in Fluorene, Phenanthrene and Anthracene levels...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541243/czy-smog-ma-wp%C3%A5-yw-na-cz%C3%A4-sto%C3%A5-%C3%A4-wyst%C3%A4-powania-zaostrze%C3%A5-przewlek%C3%A5-ego-zapalenia-krtani-analiza-na-przyk%C3%A5-adzie-mieszka%C3%A5-c%C3%A3-w-wojew%C3%A3-dztwa-ma%C3%A5-opolskiego
#15
Remigiusz Ziarno, Anna Suska, Wojciech Kulinowski, Aleksandra Grudzień-Ziarno, Magdalena Kostrzon, Magdalena Paciorek, Jacek Składzień
INTRODUCTION: Due to dynamic industrialisation smog became a frequent phenomenon in most developing cities. According to the last WHO report from Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database, Krakow has been classified in the 11th place among the most polluted cities in Europe. It seems to be an urgent issue because of the influence of air pollution on the condition of upper respiratory tract. Materials & Methods: In December 2015 there were 141 patients aged 17-91 years with upper respiratory tract diseases admitted to the phoniatric outpatient clinic in the University Hospital in Cracow...
June 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541070/syndemic-conditions-and-hiv-transmission-risk-behavior-among-hiv-negative-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#16
Jeffrey T Parsons, Brett M Millar, Raymond L Moody, Tyrel J Starks, H Jonathon Rendina, Christian Grov
OBJECTIVE: The syndemics framework has been used to explain the high rates of HIV infection among gay and bisexual men. However, most studies have relied primarily on urban or otherwise limited (e.g., single location) samples. We evaluated the prevalence of syndemics-here, depression, polydrug use, childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence, and sexual compulsivity-among gay and bisexual men from across the United States, including nonurban areas. METHOD: Using data from a national sample of 1,033 HIV-negative gay and bisexual men, demographic differences in the prevalence of each syndemic condition and associations with HIV transmission risk behavior were examined...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540546/environmental-risk-assessment-in-five-rivers-of-parana-river-basin-southern-brazil-through-biomarkers-in-astyanax-spp
#17
Ivaldete Tijolin Barros, Juliana Parolin Ceccon, Andressa Glinski, Samuel Liebel, Sonia Regina Grötzner, Marco Antonio Ferreira Randi, Evanilde Benedito, Claudia Feijó Ortolani-Machado, Francisco Filipak Neto, Ciro Alberto de Oliveira Ribeiro
In the current study, water quality of five river sites in Parana River basin (Brazil), utilized for public water supply, was assessed through a set of biomarkers in fish Astyanax spp. Population growth and inadequate use of land are challenges to the preservation of biodiversity and resources such as water. Some physicochemical parameters as well as somatic indexes, gills and liver histopathology, genotoxicity, and biochemical biomarkers were evaluated. The highest gonadosomatic index (GSI) and antioxidant parameters (catalase and glutathione S-transferase activities, non-protein thiols), as well as the lowest damage to biomolecules (lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, DNA damage) were observed in site 0 (Piava River), which is located at an environmental protected area...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540457/evaluating-climatic-and-non-climatic-stresses-for-declining-surface-water-quality-in-bagmati-river-of-nepal
#18
Jeeban Panthi, Fengting Li, Hongtao Wang, Suman Aryal, Piyush Dahal, Sheila Ghimire, Martin Kabenge
Both climatic and non-climatic factors affect surface water quality. Similar to its effect across various sectors and areas, climate change has potential to affect surface water quality directly and indirectly. On the one hand, the rise in temperature enhances the microbial activity and decomposition of organic matter in the river system and changes in rainfall alter discharge and water flow in the river ultimately affecting pollution dilution level. On the other hand, the disposal of organic waste and channelizing municipal sewage into the rivers seriously worsen water quality...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540287/it-s-a-process-reactions-to-hiv-diagnosis-and-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-high-risk-heterosexuals
#19
Alexandra H Kutnick, Marya Viorst Gwadz, Charles M Cleland, Noelle R Leonard, Robert Freeman, Amanda S Ritchie, Talaya McCright-Gill, Kathy Ha, Belkis Y Martinez
After HIV diagnosis, heterosexuals in high-poverty urban areas evidence delays in linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy initiation compared to other groups. Yet barriers to/facilitators of HIV care among these high-risk heterosexuals are understudied. Under the theory of triadic influence, putative barriers to HIV care engagement include individual/attitudinal-level (e.g., fear, medical distrust), social-level (e.g., stigma), and structural-level influences (e.g., poor access). Participants were African-American/Black and Hispanic adults found newly diagnosed with HIV (N = 25) as part of a community-based HIV testing study with heterosexuals in a high-poverty, high-HIV-incidence urban area...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539502/limited-service-availability-readiness-and-use-of-facility-based-delivery-care-in-haiti-a-study-linking-health-facility-data-and-population-data
#20
Wenjuan Wang, Michelle Winner, Clara R Burgert-Brucker
BACKGROUND: Understanding the barriers that women in Haiti face to giving birth at a health facility is important for improving coverage of facility delivery and reducing persistently high maternal mortality. We linked health facility survey data and population survey data to assess the role of the obstetric service environment in affecting women's use of facility delivery care. METHODS: Data came from the 2012 Haiti Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) and the 2013 Haiti Service Provision Assessment (SPA) survey...
May 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
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