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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927191/increasing-mortality-from-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-china-from-2004-to-2010-disproportionate-rise-in-rural-areas-and-elderly-subjects-438-million-person-years-follow-up
#1
Xiaofei Zhang, Arshad A Khan, Ehtesham Ul Haq, Aadil Rahim, Dayi Hu, John Attia, Christopher Oldmeadow, Xiaoyan Ma, Rongjing Ding, Andrew J Boyle
Aims: We sought to ascertain the changes in mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) from 2004 to 2010 in China as the sheer size of China's population makes disease patterns relevant globally. Methods and results: Data on IHD mortality were obtained from the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention National Disease Surveillance Point System, which includes 161 counties and a population of over 73 million-a representative sample of over 6% of the entire population of China...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926965/glycemic-responses-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-values-of-some-street-foods-prepared-from-plantain-musa-spp-aab-genome-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#2
Camille Adam Kouamé, Nestor Kouakou Kouassi, Denis Yao N'dri, Kingsley Kwadwo Asare Pereko, Maria Cristina Casiraghi, Abodo Jacko Rhedoor, Georges N'guessan Amani
The glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of four culinary preferences including five local street dishes prepared from three varieties of plantain at different maturity stages was determined. The GI was obtained following ISO/FDI 26642:2010 protocol, and the GL was calculated from test foods' GI, considering the amount of available carbohydrate in the traditional portion size. GI values were 44 for Klaclo (with Ameletiha variety at all black stage), 39 for Aloco (with Agnrin variety at full yellow stage), 39 for Aloco (with Agnrin variety at full yellow with black spots stage); 45 for Chips (with Ameletiha variety at green stage) and 89 for Banane braisée (with Afoto variety at light green stage)...
September 16, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926949/influence-of-freeze-drying-and-oven-drying-post-blanching-on-the-nutrient-composition-of-the-edible-insect-ruspolia-differens
#3
Forkwa Tengweh Fombong, Mik Van Der Borght, Jozef Vanden Broeck
The longhorn grasshopper, Ruspolia differens (Serville), plays an important role as a food source across Sub-Saharan Africa, where it is consumed as a delicacy in both rural and urban areas. The effect of two drying methods (freeze-drying and oven-drying), employed after blanching, on the proximate, fatty acid and mineral composition of the two most common morphs was determined. Ruspolia differens grasshoppers were harvested in Uganda and Kenya from wild swarms during the rainy periods of November-December 2016...
September 16, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926901/-report-of-colorectal-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-china-2013
#4
L B Du, H Z Li, Y Q Wang, C Zhu, R S Zheng, S W Zhang, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) in China, providing basic information of treatment and prevention in CRC. Methods: In 2016, National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR) collected registration data in 2013 from local cancer registries and assessed the data according to the auditing methods and evaluation criteria formulated by NCCR. 347 cancer registries submitted data of 2013 to NCCR. Qualified data from 255 registries was pooled, analyzed and stratified by area (urban/rural), gender, and age...
September 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926751/collaboration-of-midwives-in-primary-care-midwifery-practices-with-other-maternity-care-providers
#5
J Catja Warmelink, Therese A Wiegers, T Paul de Cock, Trudy Klomp, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional collaboration is considered essential in effective maternity care. National projects are being undertaken to enhance inter-professional relationships and improve communication between all maternity care providers in order to improve the quality of maternity care in the Netherlands. However, little is known about primary care midwives' satisfaction with collaboration with other maternity care providers, such as general practitioners, maternity care assistance organisations (MCAO), maternity care assistants (MCA), obstetricians, clinical midwives and paediatricians...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926750/land-cover-and-air-pollution-are-associated-with-asthma-hospitalisations-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ian Alcock, Mathew White, Mark Cherrie, Benedict Wheeler, Jonathon Taylor, Rachel McInnes, Eveline Otte Im Kampe, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Christophe Sarran, Ireneous Soyiri, Lora Fleming
BACKGROUND: There is increasing policy interest in the potential for vegetation in urban areas to mitigate harmful effects of air pollution on respiratory health. We aimed to quantify relationships between tree and green space density and asthma-related hospitalisations, and explore how these varied with exposure to background air pollution concentrations. METHODS: Population standardised asthma hospitalisation rates (1997-2012) for 26,455 urban residential areas of England were merged with area-level data on vegetation and background air pollutant concentrations...
September 16, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926374/reducing-urban-violence-a-contrast-of-public-health-and-criminal-justice-approaches
#7
Magdalena Cerdá, Melissa Tracy, Katherine M Keyes
BACKGROUND: Cities are investing millions in Cure Violence, a public health approach to reduce urban violence by targeting at-risk youth and redirecting conflict to non-violent responses. The impact of such a program compared to criminal justice responses is unknown because experiments directly comparing criminal justice and public health approaches to violence prevention are infeasible with observational data. We simulated experiments to test the influence of two interventions on violence: a) Cure Violence; and b) directed police patrol in violence hot spots...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924862/personal-inhalation-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-their-nitro-derivatives-in-rural-residents-in-northern-thailand
#8
Walaiporn Orakij, Thaneeya Chetiyanukornkul, Thanyarat Chuesaard, Yuichi Kaganoi, Waka Uozaki, Chiharu Homma, Yaowatat Boongla, Ning Tang, Kazuichi Hayakawa, Akira Toriba
A personal inhalation exposure and cancer risk assessment of rural residents in Lampang, Thailand, was conducted for the first time. This highlighted important factors that may be associated with the highest areal incidence of lung cancer. Personal exposure of rural residents to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their nitro-derivatives (NPAHs) through inhalation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) was investigated in addition to stationary air sampling in an urban area. The personal exposure of the subjects to PM2...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924692/sediment-core-data-reconstruct-the-management-history-and-usage-of-a-heavily-modified-urban-lake-in-berlin-germany
#9
Robert Ladwig, Lena Heinrich, Gabriel Singer, Michael Hupfer
Urban surface waters face several stressors associated with industry and urban water management. Over much of the past century, the wastewater treatment in Berlin, Germany, relied on inefficient sewage farms, which resulted in severe eutrophication and sediment contamination in the recipient surface waterbodies. A prominent example is Lake Tegel, where a multitude of management measures were applied in the last decades for the purpose of ecosystem restoration. In this study, we analyzed sediment cores of three lakes with X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy: Lake Tegel, Lake Großer Wannsee, which is environmentally similar but has a different management history, and Lake Userin, which serves as a reference located in a nature protection area...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923577/quality-index-of-the-surface-water-of-amazonian-rivers-in-industrial-areas-in-par%C3%A3-brazil
#10
Adaelson Campelo Medeiros, Kleber Raimundo Freitas Faial, Kelson do Carmo Freitas Faial, Iris Danielly da Silva Lopes, Marcelo de Oliveira Lima, Raphael Mendonça Guimarães, Neyson Martins Mendonça
In this study was to evaluate the waters quality of the Murucupi River, located in urban agglomerate area and intense industrial activity in Barcarena City, Pará State. The Arapiranga River in Abaetetuba City was used as control area (Background), next to Barcarena. Was used the Water Quality Index (WQI) based on nine variables analized. Waters quality of the Arapiranga and Murucupi rivers were regular to good and bad to good, respectively. Anthropogenic influence on the Murucupi River was higher, mainly by the disposal of domestic effluents from the urban agglomerate and of the industrial waste tailing basins upstream of this river...
September 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923536/the-limbo-of-motherhood-women-s-experiences-of-major-challenges-to-cope-with-the-first-pregnancy
#11
Farzaneh Soltani, Azam Maleki, Fatemeh Shobeiri, Farshid Shamsaei, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
INTRODUCTION: pregnancy is a unique health experience which is influenced by various factors, particularly culture and social context. AIM OF STUDY: to explore women's perception regarding major challenges of adaptation with first pregnancy based on culture and social context. DESIGN: a qualitative content analysis was used for data gathering and analysis. Data were collected through unstructured in-depth interviews. SETTING: the study was conducted in public health clinics in Hamadan city, an urban area in southwest of Iran from July to December 2016...
August 30, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923340/seasonal-variation-spatial-distribution-and-source-apportionment-for-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-at-nineteen-communities-in-xi-an-china-the-effects-of-suburban-scattered-emissions-in-winter
#12
Jingzhi Wang, Junji Cao, Zhibao Dong, Benjamin Guinot, Meiling Gao, Rujin Huang, Yongming Han, Yu Huang, Steven Sai Hang Ho, Zhenxing Shen
Seasonal variation and spatial distribution of PM2.5 bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated at urban residential, commercial area, university, suburban region, and industry in Xi'an, during summer and winter time at 2013. Much higher levels of total PAHs were obtained in winter. Spatial distributions by kriging interpolations principle showed that relative high PAHs were detected in western Xi'an in both summer and winter, with decreasing trends in winter from the old city wall to the 2(nd)-3rd ring road except for the suburban region and industry...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923185/sleep-duration-trends-and-trajectories-among-youth-in-the-compass-study
#13
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: Limited Canadian studies have examined youth sleep over time. This study explored sleep duration over recent years among youth, patterns over the course of secondary school, and subgroups at greater risk of sleep deprivation and problematic trajectories. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Secondary school students in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. MEASURES AND ANALYSES: In cross-sectional analyses, student-reported sleep duration was analyzed in three waves of the COMPASS study (Y2: 2013/2014, Y3: 2014/2015, Y4: 2015/2016), and differences by student-level (race/ethnicity, grade, sex) and school-level (urbanicity, median household income) variables were tested in the most recent wave...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923121/-i-think-it-is-right-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-acceptability-and-desired-future-use-of-oral-swab-and-finger-prick-hiv-self-tests-by-lay-users-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#14
Lucia Knight, Tawanda Makusha, Jeanette Lim, Roger Peck, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Heidi van Rooyen
BACKGROUND: The uptake of HIV testing has increased in sub-Saharan Africa over the past three decades. However, the proportion of people aware of their HIV status remains lower than required to change the pandemic. HIV self-testing (HIVST) may meet this gap. Assessment of readiness for and the acceptability of HIVST by lay users in South Africa is limited. This paper presents results from a formative study designed to assess the perceived usability and acceptability of HIVST among lay users using several self-test prototypes...
September 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923069/perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-participation-in-a-community-tailored-physical-activity-program-with-indigenous-australians-in-a-regional-and-rural-setting-a-qualitative-study
#15
Ashleigh Sushames, Terry Engelberg, Klaus Gebel
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have higher rates of chronic disease and a lower life expectancy than non-Indigenous Australians. In non-urban areas these health disparities are even larger. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore perceived barriers and enablers to attending an eight-week physical activity program in a rural and regional setting which aimed to improve health outcomes, but had a low attendance rate. METHODS: Thirty-four Indigenous Australians participated in the intervention from the rural (n = 12) and the regional (n = 22) community...
September 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923037/asthma-hospitalisation-trends-from-2010-to-2015-variation-among-rural-and-metropolitan-australians
#16
Daniel Terry, Shalley Robins, Samantha Gardiner, Ruby Wyett, Md Rafiqul Islam
BACKGROUND: Asthma remains a leading cause of illness, where primary care can assist to reduce hospitalisations through prevention, controlling acute episodes, and overall management of asthma. In Victoria, Asthma hospitalisations were as high as 3.1 hospitalisations per 1000 population in 1993-94. The primary aims of this study are to: determine if changes in asthma hospitalisations have occurred between 2010 and 2015; determine the key factors that impact asthma hospitalisation over time; and verify whether rural and urban asthma hospitalisations are disparate...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922733/assessing-the-ground-vibrations-produced-by-a-heavy-vehicle-traversing-a-traffic-obstacle
#17
Loïc Ducarne, Daniel Ainalis, Georges Kouroussis
Despite advancements in alternative transport networks, road transport remains the dominant mode in many modern and developing countries. The ground-borne motions produced by the passage of a heavy vehicle over a geometric obstacle (e.g. speed hump, train tracks) pose a fundamental problem in transport annoyance in urban areas. In order to predict the ground vibrations generated by the passage of a heavy vehicle over a geometric obstacle, a two-step numerical model is developed. The first step involves simulating the dynamic loads generated by the heavy vehicle using a multibody approach, which includes the tyre-obstacle-ground interaction...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922633/protein-extraction-into-the-bicontinuous-microemulsion-phase-of-a-water-sds-pentanol-dodecane-winsor-iii-system-effect-on-nanostructure-and-protein-conformation
#18
Douglas G Hayes, Ran Ye, Rachel N Dunlap, Matthew J Cuneo, Sai Venkatesh Pingali, Hugh M O'Neill, Volker S Urban
Bicontinuous microemulsions (BμEs), consisting of water and oil nanodomains separated by surfactant monolayers of near-zero curvature, are potentially valuable systems for purification and delivery of biomolecules, for hosting multiphasic biochemical reactions, and as templating media for preparing nanomaterials. We formed Winsor-III systems by mixing aqueous protein and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) solutions with dodecane and 1-pentanol (cosurfactant) to efficiently extract proteins into the middle (BμE) phase...
September 7, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922228/anesthesia-capacity-in-ghana-a-teaching-hospital-s-resources-and-the-national-workforce-and-education
#19
Mark A Brouillette, Alfred J Aidoo, Maria A Hondras, Nana A Boateng, Akwasi Antwi-Kusi, William Addison, Alec R Hermanson
BACKGROUND: Quality anesthetic care is lacking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Global health leaders call for perioperative capacity reports in limited-resource settings to guide improved health care initiatives. We describe a teaching hospital's resources and the national workforce and education in this LMIC capacity report. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana, during 4 weeks in August 2016...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922075/factors-associated-with-optimal-antenatal-care-use-in-northern-region-ghana
#20
Abdulai Abubakari, Faith Agbozo, Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the factors associated with optimal use of antenatal care (ANC), that is, four or more times during pregnancy. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional survey was conducted between February and August 2014 among nursing mothers (n = 578) attending postnatal and child welfare clinics in three districts in Northern Ghana, representing urban, peri-urban and rural zones. The developed questionnaire aided the collection of information on maternal demographic characteristics, health status, household assets, and ANC attendance...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
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