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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441797/breast-cancer-awareness-among-women-in-western-amazon-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Marla Presa Raulino Schilling, Ilce Ferreira da Silva, Simone Perufo Opitz, Maria Fernanda de Sousa Oliveira Borges, Sergio Koifman, Koifman Rosalina Jorge
Background: A general lack of women`s awareness of breast cancer has been one of the barriers to screening and early presentation. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate levels of knowledge about risk factors, and early warning signs of breast cancer, and to determine factors associated with better levels of comprehension. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 478 women over 40 years old, living in Rio Branco city, western Amazon. All were interviewed using the “Breast cancer knowledge, attitudes and practice scale”, developed by American Cancer Society...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441595/modelling-drivers-and-distribution-of-lead-and-zinc-concentrations-in-soils-of-an-urban-catchment-sydney-estuary-australia
#2
L E Johnson, T F A Bishop, G F Birch
The human population is increasing globally and land use is changing to accommodate for this growth. Soils within urban areas require closer attention as the higher population density increases the chance of human exposure to urban contaminants. One such example of an urban area undergoing an increase in population density is Sydney, Australia. The city also possesses a notable history of intense industrial activity. By integrating multiple soil surveys and covariates into a linear mixed model, it was possible to determine the main drivers and map the distribution of lead and zinc concentrations within the Sydney estuary catchment...
April 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440977/low-re-infection-rate-of-helicobacter-pylori-after-successful-eradication-in-thailand-a-2-years-study
#3
Ratha Korn Vilaichone, Arti Wongcha Um, Peranart Chotivitayatarakorn
Background: H. pylori is an important cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. Re-infection rates after successful eradication vary in different regions of the world but only limited studies have been performed in ASEAN Countries to clarify this important issue. The present study was designed to evaluate the H. pylori re-infection rate and predictors of re-infection in Thailand. Methods: We recruited patients with chronic gastritis after 1 and 2 years successful H. pylori eradication from Thammasat University Hospital, Pathumthani (Central urban area) and Maesod district, Tak (Northern rural area), Thailand...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440970/factors-associated-with-cigarette-smoking-in-central-parts-of-iran
#4
Mujtaba Shuja, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Hamid Reza Roohafza, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mahin Ghafari, Mahdi Mohammadian, Abdollah Mohammadian Hafshejani
Background: This study aims to assess factors associated with cigarette smoking in central parts of Iran. Materials and methods: We used the data of the post intervention phase of Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) that was conducted in 2007. Logistic regression was used for calculating crude and adjusted Odds Ratios (OR). The group with the least prevalence of smoking was considered as the Reference Group (RG) and the OR for other parts of the variable was calculated based on the RG and reported with a confidence interval of 95%...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440643/field-calibration-of-xad-based-passive-air-sampler-on-the-tibetan-plateau-wind-influence-and-configuration-improvement
#5
Ping Gong, Xiao-Ping Wang, Xiande Liu, Frank Wania
The passive air sampler based on XAD-2 resin (XAD-PAS) has proven useful for collecting atmospheric persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in remote regions. Whereas laboratory studies have shown that, due to the open bottom of its housing, the passive sampling rate (PSR) of the XAD-PAS is susceptible to wind and other processes causing air turbulence, the sampler has not been calibrated in the field at sites experiencing high winds. In this study, the PSRs of the XAD-PAS were calibrated at three sites on the Tibetan Plateau, covering a wide range in temperature (T), pressure (P) and wind speed (v)...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440252/adjustment-to-acquired-vision-loss-in-adults-presenting-for-visual-disability-certification
#6
Aditya Nakade, Jolly Rohatgi, Manjeet S Bhatia, Upreet Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: Rehabilitation of the visually disabled depends on how they adjust to loss; understanding contributing factors may help in effective rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess adjustment to acquired vision loss in adults. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This observational study, conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at a tertiary-level teaching hospital, included thirty persons (25-65 years) with <6/60 in the better eye, and vision loss since ≥6-months...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440111/quality-of-life-outcomes-in-a-pediatric-thalassemia-population-in-egypt
#7
Soheir Adam, Hanan Afifi, Manal Thomas, Phoebe Magdy, Ghada El-Kamah
Thalassemia is a disorder of hemoglobin (Hb) synthesis characterized by chronic hemolysis. In β-thalassemias major (β-TM), patients require regular transfusion at an early age due to severe anemia. Subsequently, intensive chelation therapy is initiated to mitigate the effects of the resultant iron overload. Clinical disease burden and the demanding treatment can affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in this population. The aim of this study was to assess HRQoL outcomes in Egyptian pediatric thalassemia patients...
April 25, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438888/accessibility-availability-and-potential-benefits-of-psycho-oncology-services-the-perspective-of-community-based-physicians-providing-cancer-survivorship-care
#8
Verena Zimmermann-Schlegel, Mechthild Hartmann, Halina Sklenarova, Wolfgang Herzog, Markus W Haun
BACKGROUND: As persons of trust, community-based physicians providing survivorship care (e.g., general practitioners [GPs]) often serve as the primary contacts for cancer survivors disclosing distress. From the perspective of physicians providing survivorship care for cancer patients, this study explores (a) the accessibility, availability, and potential benefits of psycho-oncology services; (b) whether physicians themselves provide psychosocial support; and (c) predictors for impeded referrals of survivors to services...
April 24, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438430/validation-of-simplified-indian-diabetes-risk-score-for-screening-undiagnosed-diabetes-in-an-urban-setting-of-haryana
#9
Meena Rajput, Dinesh Garg, Rajesh Rajput
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Identification of at risk individuals using simple screening tools like Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) and appropriate life style interventions could greatly help in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes and thus reducing the burden of disease. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 450 individuals >20years who consented to participate were selected randomly from three anganwadis of urban area of Rohtak city. Demographic characteristics and anthropometric measurements such as weight, height and waist circumference were taken...
April 2, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438268/fungal-biorecovery-of-gold-from-e-waste
#10
Saskia Bindschedler, Thi Quynh Trang Vu Bouquet, Daniel Job, Edith Joseph, Pilar Junier
Waste electric and electronic devices (e-waste) represent a source of valuable raw materials of great interest, and in the case of metals, e-waste might become a prized alternative source. Regarding gold, natural ores are difficult to mine due to their refractory nature and the richest ores have almost all been exploited. Additionally, some gold mining areas are present in geopolitically unstable regions. Finally, the gold mining industry produces toxic compounds, such as cyanides. As a result, the gold present in e-waste represents a nonnegligible resource (urban mining)...
2017: Advances in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437767/building-integrated-agriculture-a-first-assessment-of-aerobiological-air-quality-in-rooftop-greenhouses-i-rtgs
#11
Mireia Ercilla-Montserrat, Rebeca Izquierdo, Jordina Belmonte, Juan Ignacio Montero, Pere Muñoz, Concepción De Linares, Joan Rieradevall
Building-integrated rooftop greenhouse (i-RTG) agriculture has intensified in recent years, due to the growing interest in the development of new agricultural spaces and in the promotion of food self-sufficiency in urban areas. This paper provides a first assessment of the indoor dynamics of bioaerosols in an i-RTG, with the aim of evaluating biological air quality in a tomato greenhouse near Barcelona. It evaluates the greenhouse workers' exposure to airborne pollen and fungal spores in order to prevent allergy problems associated with occupational tasks...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435814/gender-dependent-differences-in-the-relationship-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-ambient-air-pollution-among-adults-in-south-korean-cities
#12
Dongwook Sohn, Hyunjin Oh
BACKGROUND: Air pollution has been a serious public health threat worldwide. It has been linked to pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases but is also believed to contribute to air-pollution-mediated cardiometabolic disease such as diabetes. We investigated the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and air pollution in densely developed urban settings in South Korea, using national epidemiologic data. METHODS: The analysis focused on examining gender-related differences in the relationship between DM 2 and air pollutants, specifically particulate matter ≤ 10μm (PM10) and sulfur dioxide (SO2)...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435784/school-food-environment-quality-and-advertisement-frequency-of-child-oriented-packaged-products-within-walking-distance-of-public-schools
#13
Benjamin Missbach, Caterina Pachschwöll, Daniel Kuchling, Jürgen König
Food marketing for children is a major concern for public health nutrition and many schools make efforts to increase healthy eating. Food environments surrounding schools in urban areas may undermine these efforts for healthy nutrition within school programs. Our study aim is to describe the nutrition environment within walking distance of schools in terms of food quality and food marketing and to explore the degree to which elements of the nutrition environment varies by proximity to schools. In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed the surrounding food environments of a convenience sample of 46 target schools within 950m walking distance in 7 different urban districts across Vienna, Austria...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435490/correlation-of-physical-exam-findings-with-fever-in-patients-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#14
Jillian Mongelluzzo, Brian Tu, Barbara Grimes, Sharvina Ziyeh, Jonathan Fortman, Jersey Neilson, Robert M Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of fever in adult ED patients with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and to determine which, if any, physical exam, radiograph and laboratory test findings were associated with fever. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study at an urban county trauma center of adults who presented to the ED for evaluation of suspected SSTI. ED providers measured area of erythema and induration using a tape measure, and completed data sheets indicating comorbid conditions and the presence or absence of physical exam findings...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435176/climate-shocks-and-rural-urban-migration-in-mexico-exploring-nonlinearities-and-thresholds
#15
Raphael J Nawrotzki, Jack DeWaard, Maryia Bakhtsiyarava, Jasmine Trang Ha
Adverse climatic conditions may differentially drive human migration patterns between rural and urban areas, with implications for changes in population composition and density, access to infrastructure and resources, and the delivery of essential goods and services. However, there is little empirical evidence to support this notion. In this study, we investigate the relationship between climate shocks and migration between rural and urban areas within Mexico. We combine individual records from the 2000 and 2010 Mexican censuses (n=683,518) with high-resolution climate data from Terra Populus that are linked to census data at the municipality level (n=2,321)...
January 2017: Climatic Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434259/establishing-and-validating-the-fluorescent-amyloid-ligand-h-ftaa-heptamer-formyl-thiophene-acetic-acid-to-identify-transthyretin-amyloid-deposits-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#16
Katharina Hahn, K Peter R Nilsson, Per Hammarström, Peter Urban, Rolf Rüdiger Meliss, Hans-Michael Behrens, Sandra Krüger, Christoph Röcken
Transthyretin-derived (ATTR) amyloidosis is a frequent finding in carpal tunnel syndrome. We tested the following hypotheses: the novel fluorescent amyloid ligand heptameric formic thiophene acetic acid (h-FTAA) has a superior sensitivity for the detection of amyloid compared with Congo red-staining; Amyloid load correlates with patient gender and/or patient age. We retrieved 208 resection specimens obtained from 184 patients with ATTR amyloid in the carpal tunnel. Serial sections were stained with Congo red, h-FTAA and an antibody directed against transthyretin (TTR)...
April 23, 2017: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433929/pollution-characteristics-and-human-health-risks-of-potentially-eco-toxic-elements-ptes-in-road-dust-from-metropolitan-area-of-hefei-china
#17
Muhammad Ubaid Ali, Guijian Liu, Balal Yousaf, Qumber Abbas, Habib Ullah, Mehr Ahmed Mujtaba Munir, Biao Fu
This study aims to investigate the pollution characteristics of road dust and their associated health risks of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) to humans using array-based risk assessment models described by United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) in a metropolitan area of Hefei, China. Geoaccumulation index (Igeo) was used to describe pollution characteristics of roadside dust in urban, periurban and industrial areas. Results indicate that industrial roadside dust was contaminated with Fe, Ni, Cu, Ti, V, Pb, Ba, Sb, Cr, Sn, Pb, As and Ga showing Igeo value (log2 (x)) between Igeo class 3 to 4...
April 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433768/response-of-evapotranspiration-to-changes-in-land-use-and-land-cover-and-climate-in-china-during-2001-2013
#18
Gen Li, Fangmin Zhang, Yuanshu Jing, Yibo Liu, Ge Sun
Land surface evapotranspiration (ET) is a central component of the Earth's global energy balance and water cycle. Understanding ET is important in quantifying the impacts of human influences on the hydrological cycle and thus helps improving water use efficiency and strengthening water use planning and watershed management. China has experienced tremendous land use and land cover changes (LUCC) as a result of urbanization and ecological restoration under a broad background of climate change. This study used MODIS data products to analyze how LUCC and climate change affected ET in China in the period 2001-2013...
April 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433573/rodents-as-a-reservoir-of-infection-caused-by-multiple-zoonotic-species-genotypes-of-c-parvum-c-hominis-c-suis-c-scrofarum-and-the-first-evidence-of-c-muskrat-genotypes-i-and-ii-of-rodents-in-europe
#19
REVIEW
Oľga Danišová, Alexandra Valenčáková, Michal Stanko, Lenka Luptáková, Elena Hatalová, Alexander Čanády
Cryptosporidium spp. is an important causative agent of intestinal parasitoses-induced diarrhoea in humans and animals worldwide. Rodents (small mammals), the main reservoir of infections, are globally expanded and overpopulated, which increases the risk of transfer of human and zoonotic pathogens from the genus Cryptosporidium. In this study, Cryptosporidium was detected in wild immunocompetent asymptomatic small mammals. Altogether 262 faecal samples were collected from five areas in eastern Slovakia from four different rodent species (Myodes glareolus, Apodemus agrarius, Apodemus flavicollis, Rattus norvegicus), eight samples originated from two insectivore species (Sorex araneus, Crocidura suaveolens) and two sample from a carnivore Mustela nivalis...
April 19, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432993/chemical-biological-and-dna-markers-for-tracing-slaughterhouse-effluent
#20
P J Harvey, M P Taylor, H K Handley, S Foster, M R Gillings, A J Asher
Agricultural practices, if not managed correctly, can have a negative impact on receiving environments via waste disposal and discharge. In this study, a chicken slaughter facility on the rural outskirts of Sydney, Australia, has been identified as a possible source of persistent effluent discharge into a peri-urban catchment. Questions surrounding the facility's environmental management practices go back more than four decades. Despite there having never been a definitive determination of the facility's impact on local stream water quality, the New South Wales Environment Protection Authority (NSW EPA) has implemented numerous pollution reduction requirements to manage noise and water pollution at the slaughter facility...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Research
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