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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104708/prevalence-and-determinants-of-current-and-secondhand-smoking-in-greece-results-from-the-global-adult-tobacco-survey-gats-study
#1
George Rachiotis, Anastasia Barbouni, Antonis Katsioulis, Eleni Antoniadou, Konstantinos Kostikas, Kyriakoula Merakou, Kallirrhoe Kourea, Rula N Khoury, Agis Tsouros, Jenny Kremastinou, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
OBJECTIVES: Greece is one of the leading tobacco-producing countries in European Union, and every year over 19 000 Greeks die from tobacco-attributable diseases. The aim of the present study was to provide nationally representative estimates on current and secondhand smoking prevalence in Greece and their determinants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Greece. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4359 individuals participated in the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), a household survey of adults ≥15 years old (overall response rate 69%)...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103927/influence-of-age-and-sex-on-hospitalization-of-nursing-home-residents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-germany
#2
Falk Hoffmann, Guido Schmiemann
BACKGROUND: Nursing homes residents (NHR) are frequently transferred to hospitals. There is some evidence that male NHR are more often hospitalized than females, but the influence of age is less clear and predictors might differ between sexes. Analyses according to age groups between males and females have only been investigated once and none of the existing studies have conducted multivariate analyses stratified by sex. Aim of this study was to fill this gap. METHODS: We used data of the "Inappropriate Medication in patients with REnal insufficiency in Nursing homes" (IMREN) study, which was conducted between October 2014 and April 2015 in nursing homes in northwestern Germany (Bremen and Lower Saxony)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102890/handgrip-strength-in-old-and-very-old-adults-mood-cognition-function-and-mortality
#3
Jochanan Stessman, Yakir Rottenberg, Matan Fischer, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy M Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trajectory of handgrip strength (HGS) from age 70 to 90 and its association with mood, cognition, functional status, and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of an age-homogenous representative community-dwelling cohort (born 1920-21) in the Jerusalem Longitudinal Cohort Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home-based assessment. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects aged 70 (n = 327), 78 (n = 384), 85 (n = 1187), and 90 (n = 406), examined in 1990, 1998, 2005, and 2010, respectively...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099660/socioeconomic-hygienic-and-sanitation-factors-in-reducing-diarrhea-in-the-amazon
#4
Katiuscia Shirota Imada, Thiago Santos de Araújo, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Valter Lúcio de Pádua
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contributions of the socioeconomic, hygienic, and sanitation improvements in reducing the prevalence of diarrhea in a city of the Amazon. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, we analyzed data from surveys conducted in the city of Jordão, Acre. In 2005 and 2012, these surveys evaluated, respectively, 466 and 826 children under five years old. Questionnaires were applied on the socioeconomic conditions, construction of houses, food and hygienic habits, and environmental sanitation...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095942/association-of-neighbourhood-food-availability-with-the-consumption-of-processed-and-ultra-processed-food-products-by-children-in-a-city-of-brazil-a-multilevel-analysis
#5
Fernanda Helena Marrocos Leite, Elena de Carvalho Cremm, Débora Silva Costa de Abreu, Maria Aparecida de Oliveira, Nadine Budd, Paula Andrea Martins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between neighbourhood food availability and the consumption of ready-to-consume products (RCP), either processed or ultra-processed, and unprocessed/minimally processed foods (UF-MPF) by children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. 24 h Dietary recalls were collected from children from January 2010 to June 2011. Neighbourhood food availability data were collected from 672 food stores located within 500 m of participants' homes, using an adapted and validated instrument...
January 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087231/psychosocial-outcome-in-adult-men-born-with-hypospadias
#6
L Örtqvist, M Andersson, A Strandqvist, A Nordenström, L Frisén, G Holmdahl, A Nordenskjöld
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias, which is a surgically treated congenital malformation of the male urethra, may have a negative impact on quality of life. This aspect has previously been subject to limited research. This study examined the long-term psychosocial outcome of a large cohort of adult males born with hypospadias. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case-control study was to assess a possible negative influence on the psychosocial outcome in adult males with hypospadias...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072669/swimming-pool-electrical-injuries-steps-toward-prevention
#7
Jun Tashiro, Cathy A Burnweit
OBJECTIVE: Electrical injuries in swimming pools are an important pediatric public health concern. We sought to (1) improve our understanding of the clinical presentation and outcomes following and (2) describe the epidemiology of swimming pool electrical injuries in the United States. METHODS: We reviewed 4 cases of pediatric (<18 y old) electrical injury from a single, urban level 1 pediatric trauma center. We also queried the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) for emergency department visits due to electrical injury associated with swimming pools, occurring between 1991 and 2013...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067083/-examination-of-psychomotor-development-in-relation-to-social-environmental-factors-in-preterm-children-at-2-years-old
#8
Flóra Kenyhercz, Beáta Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The development of children born prematurely is an important aspect in public health, because preterm birth rates are not decreasing with the development of medical sciences. AIM: Description of psychomotor development of preterm children related to potentially influencing environmental factors. METHOD: Children born below 2.500 grams at the age of two (n = 75). Psychomotor development, quality of home environment, socio-demographic background were measured...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060170/long-term-pulmonary-function-and-quality-of-life-in-children-after-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-feasibility-investigation
#9
Shan L Ward, Autumn Turpin, Aaron C Spicer, Marsha J Treadwell, Gwynne D Church, Heidi R Flori
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of pulmonary function and quality of life evaluations in children after acute respiratory distress syndrome. DESIGN: A prospective follow-up feasibility study. SETTING: A tertiary PICU. PATIENTS: Children less than 18 years old with acute respiratory distress syndrome admitted between 2000 and 2005. INTERVENTION: Pulmonary function testing and patient and parental quality of life surveys approximately 12-month after acute respiratory distress syndrome...
January 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059628/community-wide-measles-outbreak-in-the-region-of-madrid-spain-10%C3%A2-years-after-the-implementation-of-the-elimination-plan-2011-2012
#10
L García Comas, M Ordobás Gavín, J C Sanz Moreno, B Ramos Blázquez, E Rodríguez Baena, E Córdoba Deorador, M García Barquero, E Gil Montalbán, A Arce Arnáez, I Rodero Garduño, D Barranco Ordóñez, J Astray Mochales
We describe a community-wide outbreak of measles due to a D4 genotype virus that took place in the Region of Madrid, Spain, between February 2011 and August 2012, along with the control measures adopted. The following variables were collected: date of birth, sex, symptoms, complications, hospital admission, laboratory test results, link with another cases, home address, places of work or study, travel during the incubation period, ethnic group, and Mumps-Measles-Rubella (MMR) vaccination status. Incidences were calculated by 100,000 inhabitants...
January 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052800/clinical-diagnosis-and-management-of-anaphylaxis-in-infancy
#11
Emine Dibek Misirlioglu, Emine Vezir, Müge Toyran, Murat Capanoglu, Hakan Guvenir, Ersoy Civelek, Can Naci Kocabas
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is increasingly reported in infancy. Diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis is difficult, and data are limited in infants. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical course and management strategies used for anaphylaxis in infancy. METHODS: Patients attending to our clinic and who had anaphylaxis under 2 years old were evaluated. Sixty-three patients were enrolled for the study. The mean ± standard deviation age was 10.6 ± 6...
January 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045724/out-of-hospital-perimortem-cesarean-delivery-performed-in-a-woman-at-32-weeks-of-gestation-a-case-report
#12
Harald Lenz, Liv Berit Stenseth, Nina Meidell, Hans Julius Heimdal
A 34-year-old pregnant woman experienced cardiac arrest at home. Out-of-hospital perimortem cesarean delivery was performed 27 minutes after the collapse. Both mother and child were resuscitated and had return of spontaneous circulation before they were transported to a university hospital. The mother underwent hysterectomy and developed disseminated intravascular coagulation. Despite intensive treatment, she died 8.5 hours after arrival. The infant was extubated the next day, and her subsequent hospital course was uneventful...
December 30, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031039/attention-training-for-infants-at-familial-risk-of-adhd-interstaars-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Amy Goodwin, Simona Salomone, Patrick Bolton, Tony Charman, Emily J H Jones, Andrew Pickles, Emily Robinson, Tim Smith, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Sam Wass, Mark H Johnson
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder that can negatively impact on an individual's quality of life. It is pathophysiologically complex and heterogeneous with different neuropsychological processes being impaired in different individuals. Executive function deficits, including those affecting attention, working memory and inhibitory control, are common. Cognitive training has been promoted as a treatment option, based on the notion that by strengthening the neurocognitive networks underlying these executive processes, ADHD symptoms will also be reduced...
December 28, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028953/opinions-of-old-age-according-to-residents-of-polish-public-nursing-homes-and-members-of-the-universities-of-the-third-age
#14
Mateusz Cybulski, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Jacek Jamiołkowski
BACKGROUND: Statistical data from the turn of the 21st century shows a significant increase in the average human life span and, what follows, an extension of old age. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to become familiar with the opinions submitted by respondents regarding aging and old age, health problems connected with aging and preferred health behaviors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was conducted between January 3rd 2013 and February 15th 2014 on a group of 200 residents of public nursing homes and 200 members of the University of the Third Age using a questionnaire created by the authors...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028743/changes-in-home-and-health-over-nine-years-among-very-old-people-in-latvia-results-from-the-enable-age-project
#15
Charlotte Löfqvist, Signe Tomsone, Susanne Iwarsson, Vibeke Horstmann, Maria Haak
To meet the needs of an increasing, heterogeneous, ageing population it is imperative to understand links between home and health. In Latvia, only limited research targeting the health and home situation of very old people is available. Consequently, the aim of this study was to describe how the home environment and aspects of health have changed over nine years between 2002 and 2011 for very old people in Latvia, living in their home environment. This study is based on the Latvian part of the cross-national European ENABLE-AGE Project comprising data on objective, as well as perceived, aspects of home and health...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018283/curling-up-with-a-good-e-book-mother-child-shared-story-reading-on-screen-or-paper-affects-embodied-interaction-and-warmth
#16
Nicola Yuill, Alex F Martin
This study compared changes in cognitive, affective, and postural aspects of interaction during shared mother and child book reading on screen and on paper. Readers commonly express strong preferences for reading on paper, but several studies have shown marginal, if any, effects of text medium on cognitive outcomes such as recall. Shared reading with a parent is an engaging, affective and embodied experience across time, as well as a cognitive task, so it is important to understand how paper vs. screen affects broader aspects of these shared experiences...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007773/maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-household-smoking-after-the-child-s-birth-and-childhood-proteinuria-at-age-3-years
#17
Maki Shinzawa, Shiro Tanaka, Hironobu Tokumasu, Daisuke Takada, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Motoko Yanagita, Koji Kawakami
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Smoking is a well known risk factor of proteinuria in adults; however, clinical studies in children are limited. The purpose of this study is to clarify the associations of maternal smoking during pregnancy and household smoking after the child's birth with the risk of proteinuria at age 3 years old. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort study on 44,595 children using data on prenatal health checkups, home visit neonatal health checkups, and health checkups at 4, 9, and 18 months and 3 years of age in Kobe City, Japan...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004388/lcn2-overexpression-in-bone-enhances-the-hematopoietic-compartment-via-modulation-of-the-bone-marrow-microenvironment
#18
Delfina Costa, Elisa Principi, Edoardo Lazzarini, Fiorella Descalzi, Ranieri Cancedda, Patrizio Castagnola, Sara Tavella
Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) is a member of the lipocalin family whose expression is modulated in several conditions, including cell differentiation, innate immunity, stress and cancer. Although it is known that it is expressed in bone, its function in this tissue remains poorly studied. To this end, we took advantage of transgenic mice lines that expressed LCN2 driven by a bone specific type I collagen (LCN2-Tg). In the bone marrow (BM) of LCN2-Tg mice we observed an increased number of phenotypically long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSC) that also displayed a higher proliferation rate compared to wild type controls (Wt)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004242/targeted-myocardial-delivery-of-gdf11-gene-rejuvenates-the-aged-mouse-heart-and-enhances-myocardial-regeneration-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#19
Guo-Qing Du, Zheng-Bo Shao, Jie Wu, Wen-Juan Yin, Shu-Hong Li, Jun Wu, Richard D Weisel, Jia-Wei Tian, Ren-Ke Li
Ischemic cardiac injury is the main contributor to heart failure, and the regenerative capacity of intrinsic stem cells plays an important role in tissue repair after injury. However, stem cells in aged individuals have reduced regenerative potential and aged tissues lack the capacity to renew. Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), from the activin-transforming growth factor β superfamily, has been shown to promote stem cell activity and rejuvenation. We carried out non-invasive targeted delivery of the GDF11 gene to the heart using ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) and cationic microbubble (CMB) to investigate the ability of GDF11 to rejuvenate the aged heart and improve tissue regeneration after injury...
January 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003901/bilateral-anterior-ischaemic-optic-neuropathy-in-a-child-on-continuous-peritoneal-dialysis-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Abdullah Al-Kaabi, Agha S Haider, Mohammed O Shafeeq, Mohammed A El-Naggari, Ibtisam El-Nour, Anuradha Ganesh
Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is a serious complication of continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) which can lead to poor vision and blindness. We report a five-year-old girl who had undergone a bilateral nephrectomy at the age of one year and was on home CPD. She was referred to the Paediatric Ophthalmology Unit of Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2013 with acute bilateral vision loss, preceded by a three-day history of poor oral intake. At presentation, the patient had severe systemic hypotension...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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