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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#1
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035640/patients-acceptance-of-the-use-of-serious-games-in-physical-rehabilitation-in-morocco
#2
Bruno Bonnechère, Mélissa Van Vooren, Bart Jansen, Jan S Van Sint, Mohamed Rahmoun, Maryam Fourtassi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether serious games especially customized for physical rehabilitation could be used in daily clinics with patients who are not familiar with informatics and/or new technologies and whether such a clinical approach would be culturally acceptable within a North African population to plan further clinical distribution if the hypothesis appears to be positive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients participated in this study...
October 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032243/dna-methylation-patterns-are-related-to-co-morbidity-status-and-circulating-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-the-nursing-home-elderly
#3
Chris P Verschoor, Lisa M McEwen, Michael S Kobor, Mark B Loeb, Dawn M E Bowdish
Elderly residents of long-term care commonly exhibit a number of age-related health deficits, including impaired physical and cognitive function, chronic illnesses, and chronic inflammation. Given our previous data relating the phenotype and function of innate and adaptive leukocytes from the nursing home elderly to chronic conditions and inflammatory biomarkers, we hypothesized that these factors would influence the regulatory programming of immune cells, thereby contributing to immune dysfunction. Since DNA methylation represents both an important regulatory mechanism of cells as well as a biomarker of health and disease, we sought to characterize the methylome of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the nursing home elderly (n=23; 82-98years old, 70% female), and compare these patterns to pathological factors such as dementia, co-morbidity score and frailty, and immune-related factors such as serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and cytokine levels and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccine responsiveness...
October 12, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032025/characteristics-of-drinking-events-associated-with-heavy-episodic-drinking-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#4
Matthew E Rossheim, Caroline J Stephenson, Dennis L Thombs, Melvin D Livingston, Scott T Walters, Sumihiro Suzuki, Adam E Barry, Robert M Weiler
PURPOSE: To examine associations between characteristics of drinking events and the quantity of alcohol consumed by adolescents in the United States. METHODS: Analyses relied on 2011-2015 data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). The study sample included 8110 adolescents, ages 12-17years old, who drank alcohol in the past 30days. A logistic regression model, weighted for national estimation, was constructed to examine factors associated with heavy episodic drinking (HED; 5+ drinks for males, 4+ drinks for females) during the underage drinker's most recent drinking event...
October 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026365/incidental-finding-of-bronchopulmonary-sequestration-in-a-64-year-old-female
#5
Pichapong Tunsupon, Ayesha Arshad, Sumit Patel, M Jeffery Mador
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary sequestration is a congenital abnormality of the primitive foregut. In adults, the typical age at presentation is 20-25 years. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old female was referred for evaluation of an 8 × 6-cm right lower lobe cystic lesion. Her medical history was significant for recurrent right lower lobe pneumonia requiring multiple hospitalizations. Her physical examination was significant for crackles at the right lung base. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest with contrast showed cystic changes with thickened septation of the medial segment of the right lower lobe lacking distinct visceral pleura and with arterial supply from the anomalous branch of the thoracic aorta arising near the celiac trunk...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023939/comparing-a-novel-hand-held-device-peritron-to-standard-urodynamics-in-measuring-intravesical-pressure
#6
Vladimir A Ruzhynsky, Stephanie Bitzos, Ing Goping, Sidney B Radomski
AIMS: Peritron+ is a new handheld device, which can be attached to a urethral catheter to measure intravesical pressures (Pves). The goal of this study was to assess if Pves recorded by standard urodynamics (UDs) are comparable to those recorded by the Peritron+. METHODS: Patients with voiding dysfunction and an indication for UD underwent measurement of Pves with nonvideo UD and Peritron+. Pves were recorded at volumes of 50, 100, and 200 mL for the supine and sitting positions...
October 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022679/brand-awareness-and-access-to-cigarettes-among-children-8-12-years-old-in-the-czech-republic
#7
Jarmila Kučerová, Jiří Rameš, Keely Fraser, Eva Králíková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess smoking behaviour, knowledge of cigarette brands and access to cigarettes among children 8-12 years old in the Czech Republic. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2012, a cross sectional survey was conducted among 4,439 children aged 8-12 years attending 51 primary schools in Prague and Central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Data including age, gender, ever smoking, parental and sibling smoking, knowledge of cigarette brands, sources of cigarettes, and smoking frequency were collected...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019964/building-iot-services-for-aging-in-place-using-standard-based-iot-platforms-and-heterogeneous-iot-products
#8
Sheik Mohammad Mostakim Fattah, Nak-Myoung Sung, Il-Yeup Ahn, Minwoo Ryu, Jaeseok Yun
An aging population and human longevity is a global trend. Many developed countries are struggling with the yearly increasing healthcare cost that dominantly affects their economy. At the same time, people living with old adults suffering from a progressive brain disorder such as Alzheimer's disease are enduring even more stress and depression than those patients while caring for them. Accordingly, seniors' ability to live independently and comfortably in their current home for as long as possible has been crucial to reduce the societal cost for caregiving and thus give family members peace of mind, called 'aging in place' (AIP)...
October 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016991/case-report-of-asthma-associated-with-3d-printing
#9
R House, N Rajaram, S M Tarlo
Background: Three-dimensional (3D) printing is being increasingly used in manufacturing and by small business entrepreneurs and home hobbyists. Exposure to airborne emissions during 3D printing raises the issue of whether there may be adverse health effects associated with these emissions. Aims: We present a case of a worker who developed asthma while using 3D printers, which illustrates that respiratory problems may be associated with 3D printer emissions. Case report: The patient was a 28-year-old self-employed businessman with a past history of asthma in childhood, which had resolved completely by the age of eight...
August 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988219/differences-in-levels-of-albumin-alt-ast-%C3%AE-gt-and-creatinine-in-frail-moderately-healthy-and-healthy-elderly-individuals
#10
Maria Edvardsson, Märtha Sund-Levander, Anna Milberg, Ewa Wressle, Jan Marcusson, Ewa Grodzinsky
BACKGROUND: Reference intervals are widely used as decision tools, providing the physician with information about whether the analyte values indicate ongoing disease process. Reference intervals are generally based on individuals without diagnosed diseases or use of medication, which often excludes elderly. The aim of the study was to assess levels of albumin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatinine and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) in frail, moderately healthy and healthy elderly indivuduals...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981185/infective-endocarditis-in-the-setting-of-renal-transplantation-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Inbar Nardi Agmon, Elad Goldberg, Eytan Cohen, Ilan Krause
The potent immunosuppressive drugs used by transplant recipients places them at risk of infections. Data on infective endocarditis (IE) in the setting of renal transplantation (RT) are sparse. We describe a 36-year-old woman referred to a tertiary medical center for evaluation of elevated creatinine levels 1 month after a second RT. Work-up revealed the presence of all four of Duke's criteria: fever, persistent bacteremia, new-onset tricuspid regurgitation, and masses suspected to be vegetation attached to the tricuspid annulus...
October 5, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978301/dying-comfortably-in-very-old-age-with-or-without-dementia-in-different-care-settings-a-representative-older-old-population-study
#12
Jane Fleming, Rowan Calloway, Anouk Perrels, Morag Farquhar, Stephen Barclay, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: Comfort is frequently ranked important for a good death. Although rising numbers of people are dying in very old age, many with dementia, little is known about symptom control for "older old" people or whether care in different settings enables them to die comfortably. This study aims to examine, in a population-representative sample, associations between factors potentially related to reported comfort during very old people's final illness: physical and cognitive disability, place of care and transitions in their final illness, and place of death...
October 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977293/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-anemia-in-children-enrolled-in-daycare-centers-a-hierarchical-analysis
#13
Taiane Gonçalves Novaes, Andressa Tavares Gomes, Karine Chagas da Silveira, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Cláudio Lima Souza, Michele Pereira Netto, Joel Alves Lamounier, Daniela da Silva Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with anemia in children younger than five years old enrolled in public daycare centers in a city in southwestern Bahia, in the northeast of Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included a sample of 677 children enrolled in public daycare centers in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil. A portable hemoglobinometer was used to measure hemoglobin. The concentration of <11 g/dL was considered the cutoff point for a diagnosis of anemia...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976066/a-systematic-analysis-of-online-broadcasts-of-suicidality-in-china
#14
Ang Li, Xiaoxiao Huang, Tingshao Zhu
INTRODUCTION: This study attempts to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of online broadcasts of suicidality in China. METHODS: A total of 193 incidents were identified by systematically searching for relevant news reports on the internet. A content analysis on these news reports was conducted to obtain information on the characteristics of each individual incident. RESULTS: Of these incidents, the ratio of males to females was 1:1...
October 4, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975381/health-status-and-drug-use-1%C3%A2-year-before-and-1%C3%A2-year-after-skilled-nursing-home-admission-during-the-first-quarter-of-2013-in-france-a-study-based-on-the-french-national-health-insurance-information-system
#15
Alice Atramont, Dominique Bonnet-Zamponi, Isabelle Bourdel-Marchasson, Isabelle Tangre, Anne Fagot-Campagna, Philippe Tuppin
PURPOSE: Changes in prescribing practices following skilled nursing home (SNH) admission have not been clearly described in France. The study aimed to evaluate health status and drug use 1 year before and 1 year after admission to SNH. METHOD: People ≥ 65 years old admitted to SNH in the first quarter of 2013, covered by the national health insurance general scheme (69% of the population of this age) and still alive 1 year after admission were identified in a specific database (Resid-ehpad)...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971685/family-based-obesity-prevention-perceptions-of-canadian-parents-of-preschool-age-children
#16
Carley O'Kane, Angela Wallace, Laura Wilson, Angela Annis, David W L Ma, Jess Haines
Our objectives were to explore the perspectives of a community-based sample of Canadian parents with 2-5-year-old children on: (i) strategies to support the development of healthful weight-related behaviours and (ii) assessment approaches to measure weight-related behaviours and outcomes among children and families. We conducted 4 focus groups with 28 parents (89% mothers and 68% identified as White). Transcripts were analyzed using conventional content analysis. Regarding parent's perceptions of strategies to support healthful behaviours, we found that parents largely valued: home-based interventions, expert opinion, practical health behaviour strategies delivered in a nonjudgmental manner, and opportunities for social support...
October 3, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968010/-pediculus-capitis-in-schoolchildren-of-the-urban-area-of-nuevo-le%C3%A3-n-m%C3%A3-xico-analyses-of-associated-factors
#17
Zinnia J Molina-Garza, Lucio Galaviz-Silva
INTRODUCTION: Pediculosis capitis is a recurring problem affecting 6 to 12 millions of children annually; there are no epidemiological data on this subject in the state of Nuevo León, and there are few in México. Therefore, new contributions are needed to design control strategies based on factors that may predispose to head lice infestation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Pediculus capitis in primary school children and to evaluate risk factors and individual or socioeconomic characteristics statistically associated with infestation...
September 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966746/lower-limb-warming-improves-sleep-quality-in-elderly-people-living-in-nursing-homes
#18
Chika Oshima-Saeki, Yuiko Taniho, Hiromi Arita, Etsuko Fujimoto
Sleep disturbances are common in older people. This study was conducted to examine the effects of a hot pack, which was used to warm the lower limbs, on the sleep of elderly people living in a nursing home. This is a prospective cohort involving seven elderly women. Subjects aged 74-93 years old were treated by warming the lower limbs for 40 minutes using hot packs every night over 8 weeks. A hot pack made of a dense polymer and warmed in a microwave oven was used as a warming device. In the first and last week, the subjects were required to wear an activity monitor to determine their sleep-awake status...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960161/geriatric-comanagement-reduces-perioperative-complications-and-shortens-duration-of-hospital-stay-after-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-prospective-single-institution-experience
#19
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Victoria D Vuong, Jessica Moreno, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos A Bagley
OBJECTIVE Geriatric patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery have unique needs due to the physiological changes of aging. They are at risk for adverse outcomes such as delirium, infection, and iatrogenic complications, and these complications, in turn, contribute to the risk of functional decline, nursing home admission, and death. Whether preoperative and perioperative comanagement by a geriatrician reduces the incidence of in-hospital complications and length of in-hospital stay after elective lumbar spine surgery remains unknown...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953604/assessment-of-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#20
Caitlin E Fiorillo, Vania Rashidi, Philip M Westgate, Julie A Jacobs, Matthew L Bush, Christina R Studts
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of disruptive behavior problems between preschool-aged children with hearing loss and normal hearing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PATIENTS: Caregivers of children (2-5 yr old) with normal hearing (NH) (n = 39), hearing loss using hearing aid(s) (HA) (n = 29), or cochlear implant(s) (CI) (n = 21). INTERVENTION(S): Demographic information and a mental health history were obtained...
September 26, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
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