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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730993/seroepidemiology-of-sarcocystis-neurona-and-neospora-hughesi-infections-in-domestic-donkeys-equus-asinus-in-durango-mexico
#1
Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Daniel K Howe, Michelle R Yeargan, Domingo Alvarado-Esquivel, José Alfredo Zamarripa-Barboza, Jitender P Dubey
There is currently no information regarding Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi infections in donkeys in Mexico. Here, we determined the presence of antibodies against S. neurona and N. hughesi in donkeys in the northern Mexican state of Durango. Serum samples of 239 domestic donkeys (Equus asinus) were assayed for S. neurona and N. hughesi antibodies using home-made enzyme-linked immunoassays; six (2.5%) of the 239 donkeys tested seropositive for S. neurona. The seroprevalence of S. neurona infection was comparable among donkeys regardless of their origin, health status, or sex...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724351/impact-of-a-lay-led-home-based-intervention-programme-on-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-pre-frail-and-frail-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
A Kapan, E Winzer, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are necessary. Therefore, we performed a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to compare effects of a lay-led home-based physical and nutritional intervention programme with social support alone on different QoL domains in community-dwelling pre-frail and frail older adults. METHODS: In this analysis within a RCT (12 weeks), lay volunteers visited one-on-one pre-frail or frail older adults at home twice a week...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720023/early-motor-development-and-cognitive-abilities-among-mexican-preschoolers
#3
Erika Osorio-Valencia, Luisa Torres-Sánchez, Lizbeth López-Carrillo, Stephen J Rothenberg, Lourdes Schnaas
Psychomotricity plays a very important role in children's development, especially for learning involving reading-writing and mathematical calculations. Evaluate motor development in children 3 years old and its relationship with their cognitive abilities at the age of 5 years. Based on a cohort study, we analyzed the information about motor performance evaluated at 3 years old by Peabody Motor Scale and cognitive abilities at 5 years old. The association was estimated using linear regression models adjusted by mother's intelligence quotient, sex, Bayley mental development index at 18 months, and quality of the environment at home (HOME scale)...
July 18, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712166/quality-of-life-through-listening-music-among-elderly-people-in-semi-urban-area-thailand
#4
Supang Wattanasoei, Bussakorn Binson, Ramesh Kumar, Ratana Somrongthong, Naowarat Kanchanakhan
BACKGROUND: Aging is one of the biggest problems in Southeast Asia due to their rapidly growing population of the older person. Old aging population is usually confined to their homes resulting in poor quality of life (QOL). Music has been found to be the great activity for older peoples with physical, emotional and social disorders hence, it affects on quality of their life. This study explored the music preference among elderly people and their quality of life in the semi-urban of Thailand...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709946/frailty-and-sarcopenia-do-not-predict-adverse-events-in-an-elderly-population-undergoing-non-complex-primary-elective-surgery-for-degenerative-conditions-of-the-lumbar-spine
#5
Raphaële Charest-Morin, John Street, Honglin Zhang, Taren Roughead, Tamir Ailon, Michael Boyd, Marcel Dvorak, Brian Kwon, Scott Paquette, Nicolas Dea, Charles G Fisher, Alana M Flexman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sarcopenia measured by normalized total psoas area (NTPA) has been shown to predict mortality and adverse events (AE) in numerous surgical populations. The relationship between sarcopenia and postoperative outcomes after surgery for degenerative spine disease (DSD) has not been investigated. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationships between sarcopenia, frailty and postoperative adverse events in the elderly DSD population. Secondary objectives were to describe the distribution and predictors of NTPA and to determine the relationship between sarcopenia, frailty and length of stay, discharge to a facility and in-hospital mortality...
July 11, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706171/-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study-on-caring-experience-of-spouses-of-elderly-people-with-dementia-at-home
#6
Hye Young Jang, Myungsun Yi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand and describe the caring experiences of spouses of elderly people with dementia. METHODS: The hermeneutic phenomenological method was used and participants were 12 spouses aged 65 and over who were taking care of their husbands or wives with dementia at home. Data were collected from individual in-depth interviews on participants' actual caring experiences. Additionally, novels, movies, and memoirs on elderly couples with partner who had dementia were included as data for the analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701217/association-of-baseline-steroid-use-with-long-term-rates-of-infection-and-sepsis-in-the-regards-cohort
#7
Ninad S Chaudhary, John P Donnelly, Justin X Moore, John W Baddley, Monika M Safford, Henry E Wang
BACKGROUND: Prior studies associate steroid use with infection risk but were limited to select populations and short follow-up periods. The association of steroid use with long-term risk of community-acquired infections is unknown. We sought to determine the association of steroid risk with long-term risks of community- acquired infections and sepsis. METHODS: We used data on 30,239 adults aged ≥ 45 years old from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort...
July 13, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699000/nature-diversity-and-well-being-in-old-age
#8
Merja Rantakokko, Kirsi E Keskinen, Katja Kokko, Erja Portegijs
BACKGROUND: The research aim was to study the associations of nature diversity with quality of life (QoL) and depressive symptoms among older people, and whether physical activity explains the associations. METHODS: Community-dwelling people aged 75-90 years (n = 848) living in Central Finland were interviewed in their homes. QoL was assessed with a short version of the World Health Organization Quality-of-Life Assessment (range 0-130, higher score indicates better QoL) and depressive symptoms with the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (range 0-30, higher scores indicate more depressive symptoms)...
July 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689349/extreme-longevity-in-a-deep-sea-vestimentiferan-tubeworm-and-its-implications-for-the-evolution-of-life-history-strategies
#9
Alanna Durkin, Charles R Fisher, Erik E Cordes
The deep sea is home to many species that have longer life spans than their shallow-water counterparts. This trend is primarily related to the decline in metabolic rates with temperature as depth increases. However, at bathyal depths, the cold-seep vestimentiferan tubeworm species Lamellibrachia luymesi and Seepiophila jonesi reach extremely old ages beyond what is predicted by the simple scaling of life span with body size and temperature. Here, we use individual-based models based on in situ growth rates to show that another species of cold-seep tubeworm found in the Gulf of Mexico, Escarpia laminata, also has an extraordinarily long life span, regularly achieving ages of 100-200 years with some individuals older than 300 years...
August 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688334/-behind-closed-doors-with-open-minds-a-qualitative-study-exploring-nursing-home-staff-s-narratives-towards-their-roles-and-duties-within-the-context-of-sexuality-in-dementia
#10
T Vandrevala, T Chrysanthaki, E Ogundipe
BACKGROUND: Despite sexual expression being recognised as a fundamental human need, sexuality in old age is often ignored and frequently misunderstood, with residents with dementia in a nursing home often viewed as asexual or incapable of being sexually active. OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to understand the views held by nursing care home staff towards dementia and sexuality and explore the roles they may adopt whilst responding and managing sexual needs and expression for residents with dementia...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688210/infection-with-influenza-a-h1n1-pdm09-during-the-first-wave-of-the-2009-pandemic-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-seroepidemiologic-study-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#11
Sharifa Nasreen, Mustafizur Rahman, Kathy Hancock, Jacqueline M Katz, Doli Goswami, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez, Crystal Holiday, Stacie Jefferson, Alicia Branch, David Wang, Vic Veguilla, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Alicia M Fry, W Abdullah Brooks
BACKGROUND: We determined influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 antibody levels before and after the first wave of the pandemic in an urban community in Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: We identified a cohort of households by stratified random sampling. We collected baseline serum specimens during July-August 2009, just prior to the initial wave of the 2009 pandemic in this community and a second specimen during November 2009, after the pandemic peak. Paired sera was tested for antibodies against A(H1N1)pdm09 virus using microneutralization assay and hemagglutinin inhibition (HI) assay...
July 8, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683801/prevalence-trajectories-and-determinants-of-television-viewing-time-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-young-children-from-the-uk
#12
Sally E Barber, Brian Kelly, Paul J Collings, Liana Nagy, Tracey Bywater, John Wright
BACKGROUND: Excessive screen viewing in early childhood is associated with poor physical and psycho-social health and poor cognitive development. This study aimed to understand the prevalence, trajectory and determinants of television viewing time in early childhood to inform intervention development. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, mothers of 1558 children (589 white British, 757 Pakistani heritage, 212 other ethnicities) completed questionnaires when their children were approximately 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months old...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678940/-effect-of-a-healthy-eating-intervention-on-compliance-with-dietary-recommendations-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-adolescent-mothers-and-maternal-grandmothers
#13
Leandro Meirelles Nunes, Álvaro Vigo, Luciana Dias de Oliveira, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
The objective was to evaluate the effect of a healthy eating intervention targeting adolescent mothers and maternal grandmothers on compliance with dietary recommendations in the first year of life. This was a randomized clinical trial involving 320 adolescent mothers, their infants, and 169 maternal grandmothers (when the three generations were living together), randomly assigned to the intervention versus control group. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on healthy feeding during the child's first year of life, the first of which held at the maternity ward and the others at 7, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days, at the homes...
July 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676470/desirable-components-for-a-customized-home-based-digital-care-management-app-for-children-and-young-people-with-long-term-chronic-conditions-a-qualitative-exploration
#14
Ruth Nightingale, Andrew Hall, Carole Gelder, Simone Friedl, Eileen Brennan, Veronica Swallow
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps for mobile phones and tablet devices are widely used by children and young people aged 0-18 years with long-term health conditions, such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), and their healthy peers for social networking or gaming. They are also poised to become a major source of health guidance. However, app development processes that are coproduced, rigorously developed, and evaluated to provide tailored, condition-specific, practical advice on day-to-day care management are seldom systematic or sufficiently described to enable replication...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669820/bidirectional-factors-impact-the-migration-of-nk-cells-to-draining-lymph-node-in-aged-mice-during-influenza-virus-infection
#15
Xuefeng Duan, Jiao Lu, Haoyu Wang, Xiaofei Liu, Jing Wang, Kai Zhou, Wei Jiang, Yingchun Wang, Min Fang
Natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in controlling several viral diseases. Our previous studies demonstrated an age-dependent susceptibility to mousepox due to defective NK cell responses and trafficking. However, the mechanisms that underlie the age-related impairment in NK cell migration have yet to be identified. In the present study, we demonstrated that after influenza A virus (IAV) infection, NK cells from aged mice (17-19months old) failed to accumulate in draining lymph node (D-LN). We found that both environmental and intrinsic factors played roles for this defect...
June 29, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668859/inflammatory-and-nutritional-serum-markers-as-predictors-of-peri-operative-morbidity-and-survival-in-ovarian-cancer
#16
Amanika Kumar, Michelle L Torres, William A Cliby, Kimberly R Kalli, Giorgio Bogani, Giovanni Aletti, Caroline C Nitschmann, Francesco Multinu, Amy L Weaver, Matthew S Block, Andrea Mariani
AIM: To identify preoperative nutritional and inflammatory markers that predict perioperative outcomes in patients with ovarian cancer (OC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients who underwent primary debulking for advanced (stage III/IV) OC were selected from a cohort of patients who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2009. We analyzed C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL6) and albumin and their impact on mortality and surgical outcomes. RESULTS: Two patients were excluded since they did not have adequate measurements of CRP and IL6...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665287/-a-prospective-study-on-acute-poisonings-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-at-landspitali-university-hospital-in-iceland-2012
#17
Gudborg Audur Gudjonsdottir, Anna Maria Thordardottir, Jakob Kristinsson
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to assess the incidence and type of toxic exposures presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) at Landspitali University Hospital in Iceland over one year and compare the results to another study performed eleven years before. METHODS: The study was prospective and included all visits due to acute poisoning to the ED between January 1, and December 31, 2012. RESULTS: A total of 977 toxic exposures were documented...
June 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660320/acceptance-of-ambulatory-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-central-switzerland
#18
Sandra P Widjaja, Henning Fischer, Alexander R Brunner, Philipp Honigmann, Jürg Metzger
BACKGROUND: Currently, most patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in Switzerland are inpatients for 2-3 days. Due to a lack of available hospital beds, we asked whether day-case surgery would be an option for patients in central Switzerland. The questions of acceptability of outpatient LC and factors contributing to the acceptability thus arose. METHODS: Hundred patients suffering from symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, capable of communicating in German, and between 18 and 65 years old, were included...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658111/occurrence-of-and-factors-influencing-elderly-homebound-in-chinese-urban-community-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Li-Wei Jing, Feng-Lan Wang, Xiao-Li Zhang, Ting Yao, Feng-Mei Xing
Studies on the occurrence of homebound and the factors influencing it are available. However, the study of community homebound in China is still in its preliminary stage. No previous studies about this issue are available. This study aims to assess the occurrence of and factors influencing homebound elderly in Chinese communities and to provide a basis for effective intervention and prevention of homebound elderly people.One sample community from three provinces was randomly selected. Investigations were performed on the selected communities and 2180 elderly people were chosen as the research subjects...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634926/aging-effect-on-the-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-test-variables-in-nursing-home-women-aged-80-93%C3%A2-years
#20
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Jakub Maliszewski, Adam Kiełtyka, Beata Matyja, Magdalena Dudek, Joanna Zborowska, Adam Wajdman
Although the total "Timed-Up-and Go" test (TUG) performance time can characterize an age-related decline of general mobility, this result alone doesn't give any detailed information about the test subtasks. The primary objective of the study was to identify in nursing home women a variable extracted from instrumented TUG (iTUG) that is the best predictor of age. The secondary objective was to assess whether this variable is associated with the results of the isometric knee extension peak torque (IKEPT); lower limb strength measured by the 30-s chair stand test (30sCST), and walking capacity measured by the 6-min walk test (6MWT)...
June 20, 2017: Biogerontology
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