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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667877/practices-and-values-regarding-milk-consumption-among-pre-schoolers-in-bangkok
#1
Jomkwan Yothasamut, Laura Camfield, Michael Pfeil
PURPOSE: Thai government agencies and the business sector have been promoting milk consumption. Considering the robust and continual movements by those actors to promote milk consumption among children in Thailand at the national level, this study aims to investigate milk-consumption practices and values towards milk consumption at pre-school, family and individual levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional qualitative study employs observation and interview methods, along with the Ecological System Theory as a framework...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666702/an-evaluation-of-treatment-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-clients-on-the-dots-strategy-2012-2016
#2
Ato Kwamena Tetteh, Edward Agyarko, Joseph Otchere, Langbong Bimi, Irene Ayi
We present, for the first time, an evaluation of treatment outcomes in a cohort at a TB referral centre in the Central Region of Ghana. Of the 213 clients placed on DOTS, 59.2% (126/213) were sputum smear-positive. An overall cure rate of 90.2% (51.6% cured + 37.6% completed) and a death rate of 8.5% (18/213) were estimated. Of the number of clients who died, 5.7% (12/213) were males ( χ 2 = 2.891, p = 0.699; LR = 3.004, p = 0.699). Deaths were only recorded among clients who were > 19 years old ( χ 2 = 40...
2018: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664874/traumatic-brain-injury-and-infectious-encephalopathy-in-children-from-four-resource-limited-settings-in-africa
#3
Ericka L Fink, Amelie von Saint Andre-von Arnim, Rashmi Kumar, Patrick T Wilson, Tigist Bacha, Abenezer Tirsit Aklilu, Tsegazeab Laeke Teklemariam, Shubhada Hooli, Lisine Tuyisenge, Easmon Otupiri, Anthony Fabio, John Gianakas, Patrick M Kochanek, Derek C Angus, Robert C Tasker
OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency, interventions, and outcomes of children presenting with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy in low-resource settings. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Four hospitals in Sub-Saharan Africa. PATIENTS: Children age 1 day to 17 years old evaluated at the hospital with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We evaluated the frequency and outcomes of children presenting consecutively over 4 weeks to any hospital department with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663978/activities-and-situations-when-young-adults-drive-drunk-in-rural-montana
#4
Matthew E Rossheim, Kaylin M Greene, Caroline J Stephenson
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored activities and situations that often result in young adults driving while under the influence of alcohol in rural Montana. METHODS: Eleven focus groups were conducted in 8 rural counties across Montana, and 72 persons (50.7% female, 63.4% college students) aged 18 to 25 years old participated. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and narrative text segments were coded independently by 2 researchers. RESULTS: Participants noted a variety of situations specific to rural settings that promoted drunk driving by young adults...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661205/comparison-between-minimally-invasive-spine-stabilization-with-and-without-posterior-decompression-for-the-management-of-spinal-metastases-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Hiroshi Uei, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Masafumi Maseda, Masahiro Nakahashi, Hirokatsu Sawada, Enshi Nakayama, Hirotoki Soma
BACKGROUND: Posterior decompression and stabilization plays significant roles in palliative surgery for metastatic spinal tumor. However, the indication for addition of posterior decompression have not been examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate a retrospective cohort of outcomes of metastatic spinal tumor treated with minimally invasive spine stabilization (MISt) with or without posterior decompression. METHODS: The subjects were 40 patients who underwent MISt using percutaneous pedicle screws for metastatic spinal tumor, including 20 patients treated with stabilization alone (group A) and 20 patients with added posterior decompression (group B)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659145/ocular-trauma-in-the-finnish-elderly-helsinki-ocular-trauma-study
#6
Ahmad Sahraravand, Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Juha M Holopainen, Tiina Leivo
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiology, causes, treatments and outcomes of all ocular injuries in southern Finland among people aged 61 and older. METHODS: All new ocular trauma patients, admitted to the Helsinki University Eye Hospital, during 1 year in 2011-2012. The data were from hospital records and prospectively from patient questionnaires. The follow-up time was 3 months. RESULTS: The incidence for ocular injuries among the elderly was 38/100 000/year...
April 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659063/parents-acceptance-and-their-children-s-choice-of-pet-for-animal-assisted-therapy-a-a-t-in-3-to-12-year-old-children-in-the-dental-operatory-a-questionnaire-based-pilot-study
#7
Nidhi Gupta, Tushar Yadav
AIM: To evaluate the parents' acceptance to therapy pets, child's most favoured pet, child's choice of soft toy as compared to live pet, and child's preference of his own pet versus therapy pet. METHODS: Sixty-two children of age groups 3-6 year, 6-9 year, and 9-12 year were selected. The data from completed questionnaires were statistically analysed and subjected to z test, Chi-squared test with P value<0.05 considered as significant. RESULTS: The consent to the presence of pet was given by 41...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656837/long-term-care-status-in-centenarians-and-younger-cohorts-of-oldest-old-in-the-last-6-years-of-life-trajectories-and-potential-mechanisms
#8
Paul Gellert, Simon Eggert, Christine Zwillich, Stefan Hörter, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Dagmar Dräger
OBJECTIVES: A large proportion of the oldest old and centenarians live in long-term care facilities. Although there may be distinct care patterns in centenarians compared with other cohorts of oldest old, the exact development concerning prevalence, length of stay, and factors that are associated with long-term care status in the last years before death is unknown. DESIGN: Longitudinal analyses of health insurance data across 6 years before death. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In all, 1398 institutionalized and noninstitutionalized oldest old [deceased at 80-89 (octogenarians), 90-99 (nonagenarians), or over 100 years of age (centenarians)] from Germany were included...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656717/correlates-of-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-parents-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-family-life-activity-sun-health-and-eating-flashe-study
#9
Courtney A Parks, Casey Blaser, Teresa M Smith, Eric E Calloway, April Y Oh, Laura A Dwyer, Benmai Liu, Linda C Nebeling, Amy L Yaroch
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the correlates of fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) separately among parents and their adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys. SETTING: Online survey. SUBJECTS: Parents and adolescents completed the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) survey through the National Cancer Institute. The survey assessed daily intake frequencies of food/beverage groups, psychosocial, parenting and sociodemographic factors...
April 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653109/can-older-adults-accurately-report-their-use-of-physical-rehabilitation-services
#10
Vicki A Freedman, Judith D Kasper, Alan Jette
OBJECTIVES: To explore accuracy of rehabilitation service use reports by older adults and variation in accuracy by demographic characteristics, time since use, duration, and setting (inpatient, outpatient, home). DESIGN: We calculate the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of survey-based measures from an observational panel study, the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), relative to measures developed from linked Medicare claims...
April 10, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650429/-emergency-department-consultations-associated-with-unintentional-injuries-a-cases-series
#11
Cristina Arribas Sánchez, Eduardo J Bardón Cancho, Arístides Rivas García, Santiago Mintegi, Rafael Marañón Pardillo
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of children who are attended in Emergency Departments (EDs) for an unintentional injury in Spain. METHODS: Multicentre case series with prospective data collection conducted during 12 months in the ED of 11 hospitals belonging to the Spanish Paediatric Emergency Research Group. Data were collected between September 2014 and January 2015, continuing for one year in all paediatric EDs, and included children between 0 and 16 years old seen for an unintentional injury...
April 9, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644153/acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-a-thorough-examination-of-a-harmful-obstetrical-syndrome-and-its-counterparts
#12
Joshua Ronen, Shahzeb Shaheen, David Steinberg, Kevin R Justus
Diagnosed in one of every 20,000 deliveries, acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) was considered to be a deadly disease for many years. However, advancements in the clinical and surgical management of pregnant mothers have lead to a drastic decrease in maternal morbidity and mortality. The corresponding case recounts a 23-year-old gravida 2 para 1 (G2P1) at 38 weeks gestational age (GA) with no relevant past medical or family medical history that presented to the emergency department (ED) with a five-day history of nausea, protracted vomiting, hypertension, and new-onset headache...
February 6, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626702/risk-factors-associated-with-dehydration-in-older-people-living-in-nursing-homes-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Olga Masot, Ana Lavedán, Carmen Nuin, Miguel A Escobar-Bravo, Jèssica Miranda, Teresa Botigué
BACKGROUND: Dehydration in the older people is a prevalent problem that is often associated with physiological changes, physical limitations and environmental conditions. OBJECTIVES: The scoping review was carried out to identify risk factors associated with dehydration in older people living in nursing homes. DESIGN: The revised scoping methodology framework of Arksey and O'Malley (2005) was applied. Study selection was carried out in accordance with Davis et al...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621981/the-home-electronic-media-environment-and-parental-safety-concerns-relationships-with-outdoor-time-after-school-and-over-the-weekend-among-9-11-year-old-children
#14
Hannah J Wilkie, Martyn Standage, Fiona B Gillison, Sean P Cumming, Peter T Katzmarzyk
BACKGROUND: Time spent outdoors is associated with higher physical activity levels among children, yet it may be threatened by parental safety concerns and the attraction of indoor sedentary pursuits. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between these factors and outdoor time during children's discretionary periods (i.e., after school and over the weekend). METHODS: Data from 462 children aged 9-11 years old were analysed using generalised linear mixed models...
April 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619542/incidence-and-outcomes-of-humeral-fractures-in-the-older-person
#15
M Q Wang, T Youssef, P Smerdely
Humeral fractures are not well understood and thus we examined the incidence and outcomes of elderly humeral fractures at a single institution over a 3-year period. We found increasing incidence in humeral fractures with increasing age and negative outcomes comparable to hip fractures. INTRODUCTION: In this study, we report the incidence of humeral fractures in the older patient and their outcomes, including new nursing homes discharges and mortality, residing in the metropolitan referral area of a Sydney tertiary referral hospital...
April 4, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605141/dietary-sources-of-cumulative-phthalates-exposure-among-the-u-s-general-population-in-nhanes-2005-2014
#16
Julia R Varshavsky, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Tracey J Woodruff, Ami R Zota
BACKGROUND: Anti-androgenic phthalates are reproductive toxicants that may have additive effects on male development. Diet is the primary exposure source for most phthalates, which contaminate the food supply through food contact materials and industrialized production. OBJECTIVE: To compare dietary sources of cumulative phthalates exposure between "food at home" (e.g. food consumed from a grocery store) and "food away from home" (e.g. food consumed from fast food/restaurants and cafeterias) in the U...
March 28, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604578/metabolites-of-organophosphate-ester-flame-retardants-in-urine-from-shanghai-china
#17
Yan Sun, Xia Gong, Wanlong Lin, Ye Liu, Yujie Wang, Minghong Wu, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Jing Ma
The metabolites of nine organophosphate ester (OPE) flame retardants were measured in 180 urine samples collected from a population (including adults and children) in western Shanghai, China, using liquid chromatography-tandem spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The total urinary concentrations of nine OPE metabolites ranged 100-23800 pg/mL, with a geometric mean (GM) value of 1450 pg/mL. The concentrations of alkyl-OPE metabolites (879 pg/mL) were approximately an order of magnitude higher than those of aryl-OPE (53...
March 28, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603317/innovative-discharge-process-for-families-with-pediatric-short-bowel-syndrome-a-prospective-nonrandomized-trial
#18
Bram P Raphael, Maria Jorina, Mary Gallotto, Glendalis Grullon, Meghan Dalton, Melissa Takvorian-Bené, Christina Tascione, Carolyn Rosa, Jennifer McClelland, Megan Gray, Alexis K Potemkin, Courtney Glavin, Kathleen M Gura, Margaret K Murphy, Kierrah Leger, Judith Mahoney, Jessica Kerr, Al Ozonoff, Christopher P Duggan
BACKGROUND: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a life-sustaining therapy for short bowel syndrome (SBS) and other severe digestive diseases, but complications are common. We evaluated a predischarge HPN hands-on training course to reduce complications in children with SBS, including hospital readmissions. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, nonrandomized controlled research study between April 1, 2014, and April 30, 2017. Eligible participants were children aged <18 years old with SBS and anticipated HPN dependence duration ≥6 months...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593181/skeletal-muscle-mass-of-old-japanese-women-suffering-from-walking-difficulty-in-nursing-home
#19
Teruhiro Morishita, Michiko Sato, Hiroko Kume, Masae Sakuma, Hidekazu Arai, Takahumi Katayama, Shinsuke Katoh, Koichi Sairyo, Eiji Takeda
By using 24 hour urinary creatinine levels, skeletal muscle mass (kg), its rate (%) of body weight and creatinine height index (%) were determined in old Japanese women suffering from walking difficulty in nursing home and compare with those of young university students. Those of old subjects showed approximately 30-50%, 36-44% and 44-46% of young subjects, respectively. It is suggested that these values are important and useful biomarkers for the planning and the achievement of rehabilitation program for the maintaining and restoring skeletal muscle mass and for the careful support by registered care workers to aged persons...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588860/technology-based-functional-assessment-in-early-childhood-intervention-a-pilot-study
#20
Mary A Khetani, Beth M McManus, Kristen Arestad, Zachary Richardson, Renee Charlifue-Smith, Cordelia Rosenberg, Briana Rigau
Background: Electronic patient-reported outcomes (e-PROs) may provide valid and feasible options for obtaining family input on their child's functioning for care planning and outcome monitoring, but they have not been adopted into early intervention (EI). The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing technology-based functional assessment into EI practice and to examine child, family, service, and environmental correlates of caregiver-reported child functioning in the home...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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