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María Elisa Zapata, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Josep A Tur
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to assess the prevalence of overweight, obesity, abdominal-obesity and short stature among Rosario (Argentina) adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional nutritional survey was carried out in Rosario (2012-2013). A random sample (n = 1194) of adult population (18-70 years old) was interviewed. Anthropometric measurements and a general questionnaire incorporating questions related to socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics, education level and physical activity were used...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Tonje Holte Stea, Tommy Haugen, Sveinung Berntsen, Vigdis Guttormsen, Nina Cecilie Øverby, Kristin Haraldstad, Eivind Meland, Eirik Abildsnes
BACKGROUND: In light of the high prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity, there is a need of developing effective prevention programs to address the rising prevalence and the concomitant health consequences. The main aim of the present study is to systematically develop and implement a tailored family-based intervention for improving lifestyle habits among overweight and obese children, aged 6-10 years old, enhancing parental self-efficacy, family engagement and parent-child interaction...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
Yutaka Imai
It has been confirmed that clinical significance of home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) is higher than clinic BP measurements and ambulatory BP monitoring. However, several drawbacks of HBPM have also been mentioned, e.g. selection and reporting biases, difficulties of calculation of multiple measurements, difficulties of onsite judgement of numerous recordings, etc. Recent devices for HBPM incorporate memory function. This function can overcome such drawbacks of HBPM. These memorized data can transmit, storage, retrieve, be arithmetic and control, be judged based on algorithm and be got feedback...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Hiromi Rakugi
European guidelines (ESH-ESC2013) for the elderly have discussed well about treatment blood pressure (BP) levels and targeting BP levels. In general, elderly patients with systolic BP (SBP) ≥160 mmHg including individuals older than 80 years in good physical and mental conditions are recommended reducing SBP to between 150 and 140 mmHg. Furthermore, fit elderly patients <80 years old are recommended to consider antihypertensive treatment at SBP values ≥140 mmHg with a target SBP <140 mmHg. On the other hand, frail elderly patients are recommended to leave decisions on antihypertensive therapy to the treating physician, and based on monitoring of the clinical effects of treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Liesbeth De Donder, Gert Lang, José Ferreira-Alves, Bridget Penhale, Ilona Tamutiene, Minna-Liisa Luoma
This article examines the ecological risk factors of abuse against older women. Data from 2,880 older women were randomly collected in five European countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Lithuania, and Portugal) using a standardized questionnaire. Results indicate that overall 30.1 % older women had at least one experience of abuse in the past year. The findings demonstrate that a single emphasis on personal risk factors (e.g., health, coping) is important but too simple: Abuse is multifaceted and is embedded in environmental (e...
2016: Journal of Women & Aging
E Portegijs, S Sipilä, A Viljanen, M Rantakokko, T Rantanen
The aim is to determine concurrent validity of a single self-report habitual physical activity (PA) question against accelerometer-based PA and mobility variables, and corresponding changes in self-reported PA and mobility. Cross-sectional and longitudinal data of the "Life-space mobility in old age" (LISPE) cohort and its substudy on PA were utilized. At baseline, 848 community-dwelling, 75- to 90-year-old people living independently in central Finland participated in home-based interviews. One and 2 years later, 816 and 761 of them were reassessed by phone, respectively...
October 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Rémi Béranger, Ronan Garlantézec, Gaïd Le Maner-Idrissi, Agnès Lacroix, Florence Rouget, Jessica Trowbridge, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Florent Le Gléau, Marylène Jourdin, Luc Multigner, Sylvaine Cordier, Cécile Chevrier
BACKGROUND: Glycol ethers (GE) are widely used organic solvents. Despite the potential neurotoxicity of several families of organic solvents, little is known about the impact of GE on the neurodevelopment of infants and children. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relation between urinary concentrations of GE metabolites in pregnant women and neurocognitive abilities in their 6-year-old children in the PELAGIE mother-child cohort. METHODS: Five GE metabolites were measured in first-void urine samples of 204 French pregnant women in early pregnancy (<19 weeks of gestation)...
October 14, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Rosa Casado-Mejía, Esperanza Ruiz-Arias
PURPOSE: To analyze the factors that influence the strain on family caregivers of elderly dependent people, relating it to the strategy of care, with a gender perspective. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We interviewed 328 Spanish family caregivers in 2012. Main variable: Caregiver Strain Index (CSI). INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: relationship, sex, age, marital status, education level, employment status, socioeconomic status, family and/or institutional supports, time they devote to care, and how long they have been giving care...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Eva Sönnerstam, Maria Sjölander, Maria Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Older people are more sensitive to drugs and adverse drug reactions than younger people because of age-related physiological changes such as impaired renal function. As people with dementia are particularly vulnerable to the effects of drugs, it is especially important to evaluate the dosages of renally cleared medications in this group. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of impaired renal function and inappropriate prescriptions on the basis of renal function among older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment...
October 12, 2016: Drugs & Aging
Katrien Vermeire, Leslie Wexler, Andrea Vambutas
We present a 3-year old boy with Leopard syndrome. His clinical manifestations included a congenital bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. He underwent cochlear implantation on the right side at age 1 year and on the left side at age 1.5 years. The patient is doing very well and mainstreamed in a regular pre-school program with a teacher of the deaf and home based speech therapy. Bilateral cochlear implantation in the case of a child with Leopard syndrome can be successful.
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Dorothea Döring, Ophelia Nick, Alexander Bauer, Helmut Küchenhoff, Michael H Erhard
Although the rehoming of laboratory dogs has gained importance, scientific data that evaluate the process are lacking. Therefore, 145 laboratory beagles were tested before leaving the research facility (Test 1). The new owners were surveyed using a standardized telephone interview 1 week (n = 143) and 12 weeks (n = 126) after adoption. The behavior test was repeated with 68 dogs in their new homes 6 weeks after adoption (Test 2). The predictive power of Test 1 as well as the relevance of various factors was analyzed...
October 11, 2016: ALTEX
Julie Vandewalle, Ellen Moens, Guy Bosmans, Caroline Braet
Results from survey studies demonstrate a relationship between parental rejection and self-reported emotional eating of youngsters. The aim of the current study was to build on this research by examining the relationship between parental rejection and actual emotional eating, using an experimental laboratory paradigm. Participants were 46 youngsters between the ages of 10 and 17 years old. Participants first completed online questionnaires at home, measuring parental rejection and emotional eating style. At the laboratory, participants were randomly assigned to a neutral condition or negative mood condition, followed by a multi-item snack buffet...
October 5, 2016: Appetite
Kevin M Fain, Carlos Castillo-Salgado, David D Dore, Jodi B Segal, Andrew R Zullo, G Caleb Alexander
OBJECTIVE: We quantified transdermal fentanyl prescribing in elderly nursing home residents without prior opioid use or persistent pain, and the association of individual and facility traits with opioid-naïve prescribing. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Linked Minimum Data Set (MDS) assessments; Online Survey, Certification and Reporting (OSCAR) records; and Medicare Part D claims. PARTICIPANTS: From a cross-section of all long-stay US nursing home residents in 2008 with an MDS assessment and Medicare Part D enrollment, we identified individuals (≥65 years old) who initiated transdermal fentanyl, excluding those with Alzheimer disease, severe cognitive impairment, cancer, or receipt of hospice care...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Anthony de Buck van Overstraeten, Jasper Stijns, Annouschka Laenen, Steffen Fieuws, Albert M Wolthuis, André D'Hoore
AIM: Increased morbidity and mortality could mitigate the positive effect of surgery in elderly patients undergoing colorectal resections. This retrospective study aims to describe early morbidity and mortality together with long-term survival in octogenarians and nonagenarians undergoing colorectal surgery. Predictors for in-hospital mortality will be identified. The predictive value of CR-POSSUM will be assessed. METHOD: Data on consecutive patients of 80 years old or more, undergoing a colorectal resection in our center from 2004 until 2010 were analyzed...
October 7, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Sierra Eisen, Angeline S Lillard
Children today regularly interact with touchscreen devices (Rideout, 2013) and thousands of "educational" mobile applications are marketed to them (Shuler, 2012). Understanding children's own ideas about optimal learning has important implications for education, which is being transformed by electronic mobile devices, yet we know little about how children think about such devices, including what children think touchscreens are useful for. Based on a prior result that children prefer a book over a touchscreen for learning about dogs, the present study explored how children view touchscreens versus books for learning an array of different types of information...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Amy M DeLaroche, Helene Tigchelaar, Nirupama Kannikeswaran
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is a common emergency department (ED) complaint; however, this entity is rare among children younger than 2 years of age. In this age group, epistaxis may be a presenting sign of a bleeding disorder or nonaccidental trauma. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 2-month-old infant who was evaluated in the pediatric ED for epistaxis and discharged home. The infant returned 2 days later with facial swelling and irritability, and was found to have significant head trauma...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Anna Marie Nathan, Hui Yan Loo, Jessie Anne de Bruyne, Kah Peng Eg, Sze Ying Kee, Surendran Thavagnanam, Marilyn Bouniu, Jiat Earn Wong, Chin Seng Gan, Lucy Chai See Lum
INTRODUCTION: Home ventilation (HV) for children is growing rapidly worldwide. The aim was to describe (1) the sociodemographic characteristics of children on HV and (2) the indications for, means and outcome of initiating HV in children from a developing country. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study included patients sent home on noninvasive or invasive ventilation, over 13 years, by the pediatric respiratory unit in a single center. Children who declined treatment were excluded...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Alisa N Almas, Kathryn A Degnan, Charles A Nelson, Charles H Zeanah, Nathan A Fox
Young children removed from institutions and placed into foster care or adoptive homes have been shown to experience significant gains in IQ relative to children who remain in institutions. Less is known about the long-term impact of severe early deprivation on development in late childhood. Data are presented from a follow-up of children at 12 years of age in the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a randomized clinical trial of foster care for institutionally reared children. Of the original 136 children in the study, 107 were tested with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV...
October 6, 2016: Developmental Psychology
Anette Ahlqvist, Hanna Nyfors, Riitta Suhonen
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with independent living of older people from the point of view of health and functional capacity. BACKGROUND: Living independently at home is major wish for older people but is depending on health and functional capacity among others. Objective and subjective assessments have been considered important in determining threats for independent living but both of these views have rarely included in the same study...
April 2016: Nurs Open
Cristina Meléndez Frigola, Elena Arroyo Borrell, Marc Saez
OBJECTIVE: It is necessary to deepen in the knowledge of the Basic Minimum Set of Data (CMBD-RSS) of patients with chronic pathology associated and frequent hospitalisations (the subacute care). The aim of this study was to analyse the sanitary information of these patients, once initiated the subacute program. METHODS: We used data of 660 patients hospitalised in the subacute care unit at the Santa Caterina Hospital, sanitary region of Girona, from October 2013 to December 2014...
October 3, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
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