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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634926/aging-effect-on-the-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-test-variables-in-nursing-home-women-aged-80-93%C3%A2-years
#1
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Jakub Maliszewski, Adam Kiełtyka, Beata Matyja, Magdalena Dudek, Joanna Zborowska, Adam Wajdman
Although the total "Timed-Up-and Go" test (TUG) performance time can characterize an age-related decline of general mobility, this result alone doesn't give any detailed information about the test subtasks. The primary objective of the study was to identify in nursing home women a variable extracted from instrumented TUG (iTUG) that is the best predictor of age. The secondary objective was to assess whether this variable is associated with the results of the isometric knee extension peak torque (IKEPT); lower limb strength measured by the 30-s chair stand test (30sCST), and walking capacity measured by the 6-min walk test (6MWT)...
June 20, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632933/patient-characteristics-associated-with-a-successful-response-to-nurse-led-care-programs-targeting-the-oldest-old-a-comparison-of-two-rcts
#2
Nienke Bleijenberg, Lorenz Imhof, Romy Mahrer-Imhof, Margaret I Wallhagen, Niek J de Wit, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: To improve the effectiveness of community-based care programs, especially those targeting the oldest-old population (80+), data are needed that elucidate those factors associated with a successful response to the intervention. Two comparable nurse-led care programs have been evaluated in two large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one in Switzerland and one in the Netherlands. AIMS: To identify common patient characteristics that are related to a successful response to proactive nurse-led care, we explored if and to what extent, identical factors were present in both study populations...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631101/stationary-cycling-exergame-use-among-inactive-children-in-the-family-home-a-randomized-trial
#3
Ryan E Rhodes, Chris M Blanchard, Shannon S D Bredin, Mark R Beauchamp, Ralph Maddison, Darren E R Warburton
Exergames may be one way to increase child physical activity, but long term adherence has seen little research attention. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the usage of an exergame bike in comparison to a stationary bike in front of a TV across 3-months within a family home environment among children aged 10-14 years old. Seventy-three inactive children were recruited through advertisements and randomized to either the exergame condition (n = 39) or the standard bike condition (n = 34)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624289/the-effect-of-child-family-and-environmental-factors-on-the-participation-of-young-children-with-disabilities
#4
Erica Di Marino, Stephanie Tremblay, Mary Khetani, Dana Anaby
BACKGROUND: While participation is essential to a child's health and well-being, little is known about participation patterns of young children with disabilities. OBJECTIVE: This study described the participation of children with disabilities under age 6, and examined the extent to which the child's factors (i.e., age, complexity of child's condition), family factors (i.e., general family functioning, income) and environmental factors (i.e., environmental helpfulness) affect participation dimensions (frequency, involvement, desire for change) in three different settings: home, daycare/preschool and community...
June 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623764/children-s-diurnal-cortisol-responses-to-negative-events-at-school-and-home
#5
Sunhye Bai, Theodore F Robles, Bridget M Reynolds, Rena L Repetti
This study examined the within-and between-person associations between daily negative events - peer problems, academic problems and interparental conflict - and diurnal cortisol in school-age children. Salivary cortisol levels were assessed four times per day (at wakeup, 30min later, just before dinner and at bedtime) on eight days in 47 youths ages 8-13 years old (60% female; M age=11.28, SD=1.50). The relative contributions of within- and between-person variances in each stressor were estimated in models predicting same-day diurnal cortisol slope, same-day bedtime cortisol, and next morning wakeup cortisol...
May 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623157/mortality-and-antipsychotic-drug-use-in-elderly-patients-with-parkinson-disease-in-nursing-homes
#6
Dao Thu Trang, Charlène Cool, Clarisse Laffon de Mazieres, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Olivier Rascol, Yves Rolland, Agnès Sommet
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mortality rate in elderly and very elderly (≥85 years) residents with Parkinson disease (PD) in nursing homes (NHs) with and without antipsychotic drugs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: All residents with PD from the 6275 NH residents participating in the Impact d'une démarche QUAlité sur l'évolution des pratiques et le déclin fonctionnel des Résidents en Etablissement d'hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes (IQUARE) study...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610754/power-and-ambivalence-in-intergenerational-communication-deciding-to-institutionalize-in-shanghai
#7
Lin Chen
China's tradition of taking care of one's aging parents continues to evolve, as evidenced by the growth in nursing home residents in Shanghai. However, how these families make the decision to institutionalize remains unclear. To fill this gap, this study draws on power relations to examine communication dynamics when oldest-old and their adult children decide to institutionalize. This study used a phenomenological approach. Twelve dyads of matched elderly residents and their children participated in face-to-face, in-depth interviews (N=24)...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610674/elevated-serum-d-dimer-level-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-acute-exacerbation-in-interstitial-lung-disease
#8
Genta Ishikawa, Samuel O Acquah, Mary Salvatore, Maria L Padilla
BACKGROUND: Early recognition of patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) who have an increased risk of developing acute exacerbation (AE) or preclinical AE may be clinically useful, since AE is associated with poor outcome and preventive measures would be of interest to ILD researchers. This study evaluated the relationship between elevated serum D-dimer level (≥0.4 mcg/mL) and subsequent AE or preclinical AE in patients with ILD. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective study was performed from October 2009 through September 2015 in patients with ILD who were ≥18 years old and had idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, other idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis, ILD related to collagen tissue disease, or combined pulmonary fibrosis/emphysema...
July 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585296/satisfaction-and-difficulties-of-french-professional-home-caregivers-in-supporting-older-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-or-alcohol-misuse
#9
Alba Moscato, Isabelle Varescon
In France, few studies have examined home care when it comes to ageing support and even fewer have considered alcohol misuse in this context. The studies also show that being old and having alcohol use disorders are two unfavourable conditions for receiving help, whereas for the Alzheimer's disease, there is a clear need for optimal care. In this article, we study professional home caregiver's perceptions of their job along with their difficulties and satisfactions in supporting older people with Alzheimer's disease or alcohol misuse...
June 6, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577346/scanning-of-own-versus-other-race-faces-in-infants-from-racially-diverse-or-homogenous-communities
#10
Ann E Ellis, Naiqi G Xiao, Kang Lee, Lisa M Oakes
We examined the role of community face experience on 6- and 8-month-old Caucasian infants' scanning of own- and other-race face scanning. We measured infants' proportional fixation time and scan path amplitudes as indices of face processing. Proportional fixation time to informationally rich face regions varied as a function of age and face race for infants living in a racially homogeneous community, whereas scan path amplitudes varied as a function of age and face race for infants living in a racially diverse community...
June 3, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575195/prospective-associations-of-local-destinations-and-routes-with-middle-to-older-aged-adults-walking
#11
Takemi Sugiyama, Ester Cerin, Mozammel Mridha, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen
Background and Objectives: To examine prospective associations of perceived attributes of local destinations and routes with middle-to-older aged adults' 4-year changes in walking for transport (WT) and walking for recreation (WR). Research Design and Methods: Data were collected from adults aged 50-64 years old, living in Adelaide, Australia. Participants (N = 454) reported weekly frequency of WT and WR at baseline (2003-2004) and follow-up (2007-2008). Attributes of local destinations and routes were based on self-reported measures at baseline and included: proximity to utilitarian and recreational destinations, the number of such destinations within 10 and 11-20 min walk from home, street connectivity, and walking paths...
June 2, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570346/child-welfare-professionals-determination-of-when-children-s-access-or-potential-access-to-loaded-firearms-constitutes-child-neglect
#12
Erin M Evans, Charles A Jennissen, Resmiye Oral, Gerene M Denning
BACKGROUND: Pediatric deaths and injuries from access to firearms are a significant public health problem. No studies have examined how experts determine child neglect regarding firearm access in the home. Our study objectives were to identify factors that influenced pediatric experts' finding of firearm-related child neglect and to assess their attitudes toward child access prevention (CAP) laws. METHODS: A survey was distributed to American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Child Abuse and Neglect members...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562400/prevalence-of-and-factors-related-to-prescription-opioids-benzodiazepines-and-hypnotics-among-medicare-home-health-recipients
#13
Brandi P Cotton, Matthew C Lohman, Jessica M Brooks, Karen L Whiteman, Yuhua Bao, Rebecca L Greenberg, Martha L Bruce
High rates of controlled prescription drugs are associated with cognitive impairment, falls, and misuse and dependence. Little is known about the prevalence of these medications among older adults receiving home healthcare. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of, and the factors related to, opioid analgesics, benzodiazepines (BNZ), and nonbenzodiazepine (NBNZH) hypnotics among a large sample of older adults entering home healthcare services. The data came from administrative records of 133 Certified Home healthcare Agencies located across 32 states...
June 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552985/pathways-from-problems-in-adolescent-family-relationships-to-midlife-mental-health-via-early-adulthood-disadvantages-a-26-year-longitudinal-study
#14
Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Sakari Karvonen, Ossi Rahkonen, Taina Huurre
Poor childhood family conditions have a long-term effect on adult mental health, but the mechanisms behind this association are unclear. Our aim was to study the pathways from problematic family relationships in adolescence to midlife psychological distress via disadvantages in early adulthood. Participants of a Finnish cohort study at the age of 16 years old in 1983 were followed up at ages 22, 32 and 42 years old (N = 1334). Problems in family relationships were measured with poor relationship with mother and father, lack of parental support in adolescent's individuation process and poor home atmosphere, and mental health was assessed using Kessler's Psychological Distress Scale (K10)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551567/-no-place-like-home-aging-in-post-reform-beijing
#15
Jie Yu, Mark W Rosenberg
This study shows the Western theorization and interpretation of aging, place and health are not well suited to a non-western case. The current generation of older Chinese has experienced the transition from a planned economy to a socialist market economy. Urban changes have taken place in various ways. This study explains the spatio-temporal processes of older people with their changing places by conducting in-depth interviews with 47 older people living at home in Beijing. Their generational consciousness and old place identities are deeply rooted in pre-reform Collectivism and shaped by socialist ideologies of the past...
May 25, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549180/relationships-among-self-perception-of-aging-physical-functioning-and-self-efficacy-in-late-life
#16
Hava Tovel, Sara Carmel, Victoria H Raveis
Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between 2 central concepts in the study of subjective well-being in old age-self-perception of aging (SPA) and physical functioning, and to assess the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs in this relationship. Methods: Interviews were conducted in the home with 1,216 randomly selected persons aged 75+ years (T1) and repeated with 892 of them 2 years later (T2). We collected data on SPA, physical functioning, self-efficacy, self-rated health, and demographics...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545507/psychotropic-drug-use-and-mortality-in-old-people-with-dementia-investigating-sex-differences
#17
Jon Brännström, Gustaf Boström, Erik Rosendahl, Peter Nordström, Håkan Littbrand, Hugo Lövheim, Yngve Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic drugs are common among old people with dementia, and have been associated with increased mortality. Previous studies have not investigated sex differences in this risk. This study was conducted to analyse associations between the use of antipsychotics, antidepressants, and benzodiazepines and 2-year mortality in old people with dementia, and to investigate sex differences therein. METHODS: In total, 1037 participants (74% women; mean age, 89 years) with dementia were included from four cohort studies and followed for 2 years...
May 25, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545212/determination-of-phenolic-organohalogens-in-human-serum-from-a-belgian-population-and-assessment-of-parameters-affecting-the-human-contamination
#18
Patrice Dufour, Catherine Pirard, Corinne Charlier
Many in vitro or in vivo studies highlighted the potential deleterious effects of phenolic organohalogenated compounds (POHs) on the health, particularly on the thyroid system homeostasis, however few large scale human epidemiological studies have been carried out, especially in Europe. Further studies monitoring the human contamination by POHs, the sources of exposure and the influence of these compounds on thyroid health are still needed. Therefore we determined the concentrations of 16 POHs (pentachlorophenol (PCP), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), 4 bromophenols (BPs), 3 hydroxy-polybromodiphenylethers (OH-PBDEs) and 7 hydroxy-polychlorobiphenyls (OH-PCBs)) in serum from 274 people aged from 18 to 76years old living in Liege (Belgium) and the surrounding area...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542656/-social-and-family-factors-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-children-in-schools-from-piura-peru
#19
Fiorela E Solano, Martin A Vilela-Estrada, Jessica Meza-Liviapoma, Mary M Araujo-Chumacero, Ana L Vilela-Estrada, Christian R Mejia
To determine the socio-familial factors associated with quality of life within the family in children of schools in Piura, Peru. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of children between 3 to 6 years in schools in the city of Piura, Perú. The quality of life was measured by the HOME test, with data adjusted to the Machover and Koppitz test, and were also associated with other social and family variables. P values were obtained by generalised linear models, adjusting for the residence of each subject...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541750/social-exclusion-in-old-age-a-validation-study-in-hong-kong
#20
Kee-Lee Chou
OBJECTIVES: To validate a measure of social exclusion for older people based on one already in use for the general population. METHODS: A random sample of 2281 older adults (age ranged from 65 to 89; mean age = 74.9; 52.6% females) were successfully interviewed face-to-face at their homes. The structured questionnaire included household income, household expenditure, asset, self-perceived poverty, household composition, socioeconomic characteristics of participants, and a measure of social exclusion...
May 25, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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