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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821941/rheumatologic-care-of-nursing-home-residents-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-comparison-of-the-year-before-and-after-nursing-home-admission
#1
Andres Luque Ramos, Katinka Albrecht, Angela Zink, Falk Hoffmann
The purpose of this study was to investigate health care for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) before and after admission to nursing homes. Data of a German health insurance fund from persons with diagnostic codes of RA, aged ≥65 years, admitted to a nursing home between 2010 and 2014 and continuously insured 1 year before and after admission were used. The proportion of patients with ≥1 rheumatologist visit and ≥1 prescription of biologic or conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs or csDMARDs), glucocorticoids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the year before and after admission were calculated...
August 18, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817074/familial-resemblance-in-dietary-intakes-of-children-adolescents-and-parents-does-dietary-quality-play-a-role
#2
Leonie H Bogl, Karri Silventoinen, Antje Hebestreit, Timm Intemann, Garrath Williams, Nathalie Michels, Dénes Molnár, Angie S Page, Valeria Pala, Stalo Papoutsou, Iris Pigeot, Lucia A Reisch, Paola Russo, Toomas Veidebaum, Luis A Moreno, Lauren Lissner, Jaakko Kaprio
Information on familial resemblance is important for the design of effective family-based interventions. We aimed to quantify familial correlations and estimate the proportion of variation attributable to genetic and shared environmental effects (i.e., familiality) for dietary intake variables and determine whether they vary by generation, sex, dietary quality, or by the age of the children. The study sample consisted of 1435 families (1007 mothers, 438 fathers, 1035 daughters, and 1080 sons) from the multi-center I...
August 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813774/pulmonary-embolism-caused-by-popliteal-vein-aneurysm-a-case-report
#3
Kevin Marquez, Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Chad Laurich, Randall Lamfers
In this case report, we describe an unusual episode of bilateral submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) caused by a popliteal vein aneurysm (PVA). The development of PE stems from many risk factors including obesity (BMI³ 30 kg/m2), hypertension, cigarette smoking (greater than 25 cigarettes per day), increasing age, surgery, immobility, malignancy, and inherited thrombophilia. A PVA is a rare but significant cause of PE. A 28-year-old male presented to the emergency department with progressive shortness of breath...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812402/older-persons-experiences-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-with-behavioral-change-support
#4
Marina Arkkukangas, Annelie J Sundler, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson, Ann-Christin Johansson
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge to promote exercise among older persons. Knowledge is needed regarding the maintenance of exercise aiming at preventing falls and promoting health and well-being in older persons. PURPOSE: This descriptive study used a qualitative inductive approach to describe older persons' experiences of a fall-preventive, home-based exercise program with support for behavioral change. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 elderly persons aged 75 years or older, and a qualitative content analysis was performed...
August 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812381/retrospective-review-of-sglt2-inhibitor-exposures-reported-to-13-poison-centers
#5
Scott E Schaeffer, Carol DesLauriers, Henry A Spiller, Alfred Aleguas, Salvador Baeza, Mark L Ryan
BACKGROUND: SGLT2 inhibitors are a new class of oral antidiabetics prescribed in the United States since 2013. They act by inhibiting reabsorption of glucose in the proximal convoluted tubule of the kidney, allowing excess glucose to be excreted. Little has been reported regarding effects of non-therapeutic exposure to this class of medication. METHODS: Retrospective records from 13 poison centers were examined for human exposures to SGLT2 inhibitors between 1st January 2013 and 31st December 2016...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807087/allergic-bronchopulmonary-mycosis-due-to-exposure-to-eurotium-herbariorum-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#6
Chiyako Oshikata, Maiko Watanabe, Akemi Saito, Masatsugu Ishida, Seiichi Kobayashi, Rumi Konuma, Yoichi Kamata, Jun Terajima, Junichi Cho, Masaru Yanai, Naomi Tsurikisawa
BACKGROUND: Indoor mold levels typically increase after natural disasters, flooding, and water damage. Eurotium herbariorum is the sexual stage of Aspergillus glaucus. Case Presentation A 66-year-old, Japanese male, ex-smoker had been diagnosed with bronchial asthma when he was five years old; he achieved remission at the age of 13 years. He was displaced from his home during the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 and moved to temporary housing in Miyagi Prefecture in June 2011...
August 15, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804440/effect-of-dietary-interventions-during-weaning-period-on-parental-practice-and-lipoproteins-and-vitamin-d-status-in-two-year-old-children
#7
Nina Cecilie Øverby, Sigrunn Hernes, Margaretha Haugen
Objective: Evaluate if a two-day course for parents on nutrition and applied baby food preparation had an effect on child's intake of home-made foods, lipid concentration, and vitamin D status. Design: Randomized controlled trial at age 6 months and follow-up at ages 15 and 24 months. Setting: Four health care clinics in Kristiansand, Norway. Subjects: Thirty-nine pairs of 6-month-old children and their parents in the intervention group and 20 pairs in the control group. Results: At age 15 months, the intervention group had lower intakes of ready-made porridge (2...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803513/mechanisms-of-unexpected-death-and-autopsy-findings-in-friedreich-ataxia
#8
Roger W Byard, John D Gilbert
A 36-year-old woman with a clinical history of Friedreich ataxia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was found unexpectedly dead at her home. The heart showed asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy, with an interventricular septal thickness of 20-25 mm (the remainder of the left ventricular wall measured 15 mm). Histologically, both ventricles had irregular areas of marked myocyte hypertrophy with associated interstitial fibrosis and focal myofibre disarray. There was neuronal loss within the dentate nucleus of the cerebellum, with vacuolation and axonal loss in the dorsal columns and spinocerebellar tracts of the upper cervical spinal cord...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799408/assessment-of-apixaban-prescribing-patterns-for-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-in-hospitalized-patients
#9
Caitlin M Gibson, Carmen B Smith, Sondra Davis, Michael J Scalese
BACKGROUND: Apixaban is a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Other DOACs require renal dose adjustments based solely on creatinine clearance. Apixaban differs in that its dose adjustments are more complex, potentially leading to prescribing errors. OBJECTIVE: To determine if adherence to Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved dosing for apixaban is maintained in hospitalized patients with NVAF...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797945/pathways-after-inpatient-admission-in-very-advanced-age-a-portuguese-nationwide-study
#10
Daniela Brandão, Alberto Freitas, Oscar Ribeiro, Constança Paúl
INTRODUCTION: Oldest old patients often have complex and multiple medical conditions, which are associated with higher rates of use of healthcare services, and a higher risk of experiencing adverse outcomes, such as mortality. This study investigated (a) the in-hospital mortality rate and predictors in patients aged 80+; (b) the destination patients have after hospital discharge. METHODS: Nationwide study. All inpatient admissions by individuals aged 80 years and older between 2011 and 2014 in Portugal were considered...
July 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797886/24-h-nitrogen-dioxide-concentration-is-associated-with-cooking-behaviors-and-an-increase-in-rescue-medication-use-in-children-with-asthma
#11
Laura M Paulin, D 'Ann L Williams, Roger Peng, Gregory B Diette, Meredith C McCormack, Patrick Breysse, Nadia N Hansel
Exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a byproduct of combustion, is associated with poor asthma control in children. We sought to determine whether gas-fueled kitchen appliance use is associated with 24-h indoor NO2 concentrations and whether these concentrations are associated with asthma morbidity in children. Children aged 5-12 years old with asthma were eligible. Mean 24-h NO2 concentration was measured in the kitchen over a four-day sampling period and gas stove use was captured in time activity diaries...
August 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797137/stay-at-home-strategy-brings-fitness-benefits-to-migrants
#12
James J Gilroy
In Focus: Lok, T., Veldhoen, L., Overdijk, O., Tinbergen, J. M., & Piersma, T. (2017). An age-dependent fitness cost of migration? Old trans-Saharan migrating spoonbills breed later than those staying in Europe, and late breeders have lower recruitment. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 998-1009. In Focus: Grist, H., Daunt, F., Wanless, S., Burthe, S. J., Newell, M. A., Harris, M. P., & Reid, J. M. (2017). Reproductive performance of resident and migrant males, females and pairs in a partially migratory bird. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 1010-1021...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796160/epidemiology-of-fall-injury-in-rural-bangladesh
#13
Shirin Wadhwaniya, Olakunle Alonge, Md Kamran Ul Baset, Salim Chowdhury, Al-Amin Bhuiyan, Adnan A Hyder
Globally, falls are the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths, with 80% occurring in low-and middle-income countries. The overall objective of this study is to describe the burden and risk factors of falls in rural Bangladesh. In 2013, a large household survey covering a population of 1,169,593 was conducted in seven rural sub-districts of Bangladesh to assess the burden of all injuries, including falls. The recall periods for non-fatal and fatal injuries were six and 12 months, respectively. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792954/variants-in-calcium-voltage-gated-channel-subunit-alpha1-c-gene-cacna1c-are-associated-with-sleep-latency-in-infants
#14
Katri Kantojärvi, Johanna Liuhanen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Anna-Liisa Satomaa, Anneli Kylliäinen, Pirjo Pölkki, Julia Jaatela, Auli Toivola, Lili Milani, Sari-Leena Himanen, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Juulia Paavonen, Tiina Paunio
Genetic variants in CACNA1C (calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 C) are associated with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia where sleep disturbances are common. In an experimental model, Cacna1c has been found to modulate the electrophysiological architecture of sleep. There are strong genetic influences for consolidation of sleep in infancy, but only a few studies have thus far researched the genetic factors underlying the process. We hypothesized that genetic variants in CACNA1C affect the regulation of sleep in early development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783855/the-preference-of-women-and-men-regarding-female-genital-depilation
#15
Maria Luiza Prudente de Oliveira Sangiorgi, Lucia Alves da Silva Lara, Maria Rita Lerri, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata Romão
Purpose To evaluate the preferences of women and men regarding female pubic hair depilation and identify possible reasons for these preferences. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of men and women over 18 years old who were invited by the official blog of our institution to respond anonymously to an online and self-administered questionnaire made by the researchers. The analyses were made using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS, SAS Inc., Cary, NC, US) software, version 9.3, and contingency tables were used to verify the distribution of variables...
August 7, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783524/input-matters-speed-of-word-recognition-in-2-year-olds-exposed-to-multiple-accents
#16
Helen Buckler, Sara Oczak-Arsic, Nazia Siddiqui, Elizabeth K Johnson
Although studies investigating language abilities in young children exposed to more than one language have become common, there is still surprisingly little research examining language development in children exposed to more than one accent. Here, we report two looking-while-listening experiments examining the impact of routine home exposure to multiple accents on 2-year-olds' word recognition abilities. In Experiment 1, we found that monolingual English-learning 24-month-olds who routinely receive exposure to both Canadian English and a non-native variant of English are less efficient in their recognition of familiar words spoken in Canadian English than monolingual English-learning 24-month-olds who hear only Canadian English at home...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782104/emergency-department-visits-hospitalizations-and-readmissions-of-patients-with-a-peritonsillar-abscess
#17
Romaine F Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the demographics and treatment outcomes of patients with a peritonsillar abscess (PTA) and to provide guidance for treatment options. METHODS: The 2012 National Emergency Department Database, 2012 National Inpatient Sample, and 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database were used to analyze patients with a PTA who presented to emergency departments (ED), were admitted and/or readmitted to hospitals in the United States. Outcomes were used to create a decision model to compare initial medical versus surgical management...
August 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780978/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-factors-potentially-associated-in-a-population-based-study-in-medellin-colombia
#18
David A Cadavid-Betancur, Marta C Ospina, Doracelly Hincapié-Palacio, Luz M Bernal-Restrepo, Seti Buitrago-Giraldo, Olga Perez-Toro, Eduardo Santacruz-Sanmartín, Viviana Lenis-Ballesteros, Rita Almanza-Payares, Francisco J Díaz
The seroprevalence of hepatitis B (HB) and of potentially associated factors in Medellin, Colombia, were investigated 17years after the start of universal vaccination. Biological and sociodemographic data from a population survey with a multistage random sampling were analyzed in 6-64year old individuals. HB surface antigen, total HB core antibodies and HB surface antibodies, and in some cases IgM antibodies to HB core antigen, were tested in 2077 samples. Factors potentially associated with and natural, and vaccine immunity relative to susceptibility (absence of any marker) were analyzed using a multinomial logistic regression...
August 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774959/what-is-the-ethics-of-ageing
#19
Christopher Simon Wareham
Applied ethics is home to numerous productive subfields such as procreative ethics, intergenerational ethics and environmental ethics. By contrast, there is far less ethical work on ageing, and there is no boundary work that attempts to set the scope for 'ageing ethics' or the 'ethics of ageing'. Yet ageing is a fundamental aspect of life; arguably even more fundamental and ubiquitous than procreation. To remedy this situation, I examine conceptions of what the ethics of ageing might mean and argue that these conceptions fail to capture the requirements of the desired subfield...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772156/elderly-suicide-in-eskisehir-turkey
#20
Kenan Karbeyaz, Adnan Çelikel, Emrah Emiral, Gülsüm Öztürk Emiral
Old age should be examined separately from other stages of life in terms of ratio, method and motives for suicide. With some variation, epidemiological studies suggest suicides increase with age in virtually every society. This study examines demographic data (age, sex and marital status), and other factors related to 20-years (1997-2016) of completed elder suicides in Eskisehir, Turkey. The 74 cases of those 65 and over were evaluated with regard to method, tool and location of the suicide. Annual distributions illustrate gradual increases in this fatal self-harm over time...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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