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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510585/the-prevalence-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-in-bangladeshi-adults-data-from-a-national-survey
#1
Tuhin Biswas, Sarah P Garnett, Sonia Pervin, Lal B Rawal
BACKGROUND: Over the two last decades Bangladesh, a low-income country, has experienced a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition. The population has increased substantially with rapid urbanization and changing pattern of disease, which at least in part, can be explained by nutritional changes. However, the nutritional status of the adult population has not been previously described. Hence, the objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and explore socio-demographic determinants of underweight, overweight and obesity among the Bangladeshi adult population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499210/micro-scale-environment-and-mental-health-in-later-life-results-from-the-cognitive-function-and-ageing-study-ii-cfas-ii
#2
Yu-Tzu Wu, A Matthew Prina, Andy Jones, Linda E Barnes, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: Poor micro-scale environmental features, such as graffiti and broken windows, have been associated with crime and signs of social disorder with a potential impact on mental health. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between micro-scale environment and mental health problems in later life, including cognitive (cognitive impairment and dementia) and common mental disorders (depressive and anxiety symptoms). METHODS: The method of visual image audits was used to collect micro-scale environmental data for 3590 participants in the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study II, a population-based multicentre cohort of people aged 65 or above in England...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468069/-association-between-supporting-child-and-elder-abuse-in-china
#3
X Wen, Y K Hu, P He, Z J Wang, X Y Zheng
Objective: To examine the association between child-supporting from their folks and elder abuse in China so as to provide evidence for prevention and control of elder abuse. Methods: Based on the third survey on the Status of Chinese women, organized by the All-China Women's Federation and the National Bureau of Statistics, 7 159 residents aged 65 and older were included and general information on supporting child and elder abuse were gathered. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to investigate the association between supporting child from elderly and elder abuse...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453583/-validation-of-the-successful-aging-inventory-in-chilean-older-people
#4
Lorena Gallardo-Peralta, Alejandro Cuadra-Peralta, Ximena Cámara-Rojo, Betty Gaspar-Delpino, Renato Sánchez-Lillo
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of adequate and validated instruments for the measurement of successful aging for geriatric researchers in Chile. AIM: To validate the “Successful Aging Inventory” (SAI) in Chilean older people. MATERIAL AND METHODS: SAI was answered by 777 older people aged 70 ± 7 years (63% women) living in urban and rural areas, including the highlands of a Northern desert region of Chile. RESULTS: A Cronbach alfa of 0...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422124/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-and-its-complications-in-india-and-economic-costs-to-the-nation
#5
REVIEW
R Pradeepa, V Mohan
Diabetes, a major lifestyle disorder, has become a global burden, and the prevalence rates are rising steeply in developing economies. Rapid socioeconomic transition with urbanization and industrialization are the main causes for the global diabetes epidemic. Among developing economies, the highest increase in number of people with diabetes is in China followed by India. In India, the epidemic of diabetes continue to increase and is experiencing a shift in diabetes prevalence from urban to rural areas, the affluent to the less privileged and from older to younger people...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368322/are-structural-changes-in-polish-rural-areas-fostering-leisure-time-physical-activity
#6
Elżbieta Biernat, Piotr Bartkiewicz, Sonia Buchholtz
Background: In this study, we analyze the determinants of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) of farmers and non-farmers living in rural areas. Methods: We use statistical analysis to describe urban and rural populations, as well as econometric techniques (Heckman regressions and propensity score matching) to assess the role of rural lifestyle in physical activity. Results: World Health Organization (WHO) pro-health PA (physical activity) recommendations are not met by 66% of farmers and 49% of other dwellers in rural areas...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367742/-the-child-can-remember-your-voice-parent-child-communication-about-sexuality-in-the-south-african-context
#7
Esmeralda Vilanculos, Mzikazi Nduna
There is a wealth of research on parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and its influence on young people's sexual behaviours. However, most of it is from the global North. The aim of this study was to explore parent-child communication in three South African provinces: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) and Mpumalanga. Nine, peer, focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with young and adult black African men and women in their spoken languages. Data were analysed thematically...
March 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347829/as-vivid-as-a-weed%C3%A2-medicinal-and-cosmetic-plant-uses-amongst-the-urban-youth-in-french-guiana
#8
Marc Alexandre Tareau, Marianne Palisse, Guillaume Odonne
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: French Guiana is a French overseas territory with a rich history of migration that has led to a highly intercultural society. Today, its population is one of the youngest in the French territory and is rapidly increasing. Despite a context of cultural revival seeking "tradition", a distanced baseline of local practices is still lacking. This work addresses some aspects of the cultural hybridizations in progress in urban areas. METHODS: Semi directed interviews were conducted with willing participants aged between 18 and 40...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262807/gender-and-regional-differences-in-sleep-quality-and-insomnia-a-general-population-based-study-in-hunan-province-of-china
#9
Jinsong Tang, Yanhui Liao, Brian C Kelly, Liqin Xie, Yu-Tao Xiang, Chang Qi, Chen Pan, Wei Hao, Tieqiao Liu, Fengyu Zhang, Xiaogang Chen
Insomnia and the inability to sleep affect people's health and well-being. However, its systematic estimates of prevalence and distribution in the general population in China are still lacking. A population-based cluster sampling survey was conducted in the rural and urban areas of Hunan, China. Subjects (n = 26,851) were sampled from the general population, with a follow-up using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for interview to assess quality of sleep and Insomnia (PSQI score >5). While the overall prevalence of insomnia was 26...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243025/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-the-use-of-eye-care-services-in-south-korea-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#10
Yong Seok Park, Hwan Heo, Byeong Jin Ye, Young-Woo Suh, Seung-Hyun Kim, Shin Hae Park, Key Hwan Lim, Sung Jin Lee, Song Hee Park, Seung-Hee Baek
PURPOSE: To estimate the factors and prevalence of eye care service utilization in the South Korean population. METHODS: This cross-sectional, population-based study included data from 22,550 Koreans aged ≥5 years who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. For people aged 5 to 11 years (young children), information was based on self-reports of contact with eye care service in the past year; for people aged ≥12 years (older population), the information was based on the self-reported lifetime contact with eye care service...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224221/-reaching-elderly-migrants-where-they-live-experiences-from-the-swiss-vicino-project
#11
S Johner-Kobi, M Gehrig
BACKGROUND: Community involvement through formal and informal networks is an important resource of support for elderly people with or without a migrant background, particularly as they get older. In the research and development project "Vicino - reaching elderly migrants where they live" the factors for success and failure in the cooperation between public institutions (organizations which do not focus on a specific group of migrants but are accessible for everybody) and migrant organizations were identified by means of three participatory interventions...
February 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178751/a-study-on-the-factors-influencing-the-community-participation-of-older-adults-in-china-based-on-the-charls2011-data-set
#12
Wenyi Lin
Many communities provide older people with various opportunities to participate in the society. The 2010 Chinese census reveals that the majority of the older adults in China are still healthy, but research shows that older adults have relatively low levels of community participation. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the community participation of older adults in China using data collected from the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The CHARLS survey used a multistage sampling strategy to select respondents from 450 resident or village communities in China...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160735/differential-access-to-syringe-exchange-and-other-prevention-activities-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-rural-and-urban-areas-of-puerto-rico
#13
Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Patrick Habecker, Kirk Dombrowski, Angelica Rivera Villegas, Carmen Ana Davila, Yadira Rolón Colón, Sandra Miranda De León
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use and its associated blood-borne infections has become a rapidly increasing problem in rural areas of the US recently. Syringe exchange programs have been shown to be effective for reducing transmission of blood borne infections, however access to these prevention efforts may be limited in rural areas. METHODS: This paper utilizes two separate community samples of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Puerto Rico to achieve the following research objectives: (1) compare rural and urban access to syringe exchange programs, free sterile syringes and other HIV/HCV prevention activities, and (2) examine whether utilization of prevention activities is associated with lower injection risk behaviors...
May 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160059/finger-cold-induced-vasodilation-of-older-korean-female-divers-haenyeo-effects-of-chronic-cold-exposure-and-aging
#14
Joo-Young Lee, Joonhee Park, Eunsook Koh, Seongwon Cha
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the local cold tolerance of older Korean female divers, haenyeo (N = 22) in terms of cold acclimatization and ageing. As control groups, older non-diving females (N = 25) and young females from a rural area (N = 15) and an urban area (N = 51) participated in this study. To evaluate local cold tolerance, finger cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) during finger immersion of 4 °C water was examined. As a result, older haenyeos showed greater minimum finger temperature and recovery finger temperature than older non-diving females (P < 0...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153018/physical-activity-levels-objectively-measured-among-older-adults-a-population-based-study-in-a-southern-city-of-brazil
#15
Virgílio Viana Ramires, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Andrea Wendt Böhm, Leony Galliano, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva
BACKGROUND: Low levels of physical activity are currently observed in all age groups around the world. Among older adults physical activity is even lower, potentially influencing quality of life, incidence of diseases and premature mortality. The aim of this study was to describe objectively measured physical activity levels among older adults residents in a Southern city of Brazil. METHODS: A population-based study was carried out including people aged 60+ years living in the urban area of Pelotas...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149791/population-based-survey-of-prevalence-causes-and-risk-factors-for-blindness-and-visual-impairment-in-an-aging-chinese-metropolitan-population
#16
Jian-Yan Hu, Liang Yan, Yong-Dong Chen, Xin-Hua Du, Ting-Ting Li, De-An Liu, Dong-Hong Xu, Yi-Min Huang, Qiang Wu
AIM: To assess the prevalence, causes, and risk factors for blindness and visual impairment among elderly (≥60 years of age) Chinese people in a metropolitan area of Shanghai, China. METHODS: Random cluster sampling was conducted to identify participants among residents ≥60 years of age living in the Xietu Block, Xuhui District, Shanghai, China. Presenting visual acuity (PVA) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were checked by the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual chart...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115175/distribution-and-dynamics-of-soil-contamination-with-toxocara-canis-and-toxocara-cati-eggs-in-poland-and-prevention-measures-proposed-after-20-years-of-study
#17
Hanna Mizgajska-Wiktor, Wojciech Jarosz, Renata Fogt-Wyrwas, Agnieszka Drzewiecka
The studies conducted in the years 1994-2013 allowed to determine the distribution of Toxocara spp. eggs in the soil of different types of urban and rural areas in Poland and to establish seasonal and multi-year dynamics of soil contamination with T. cati and T. canis eggs. Out of 3309 soil samples examined, 14.9% contained the eggs and the average density was 3.43 eggs/100g of soil. The level of soil contamination was the highest in cities, lower in villages, and lowest in small towns. In urban areas eggs of T...
January 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105771/the-interrater-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-home-falls-and-accidents-screening-tool-home-fast-in-malaysia-using-raters-with-a-range-of-professional-backgrounds
#19
Muhammad Hibatullah Romli, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Maw Pin Tan, Lindy Clemson
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Falls can be a devastating issue for older people living in the community, including those living in Malaysia. Health professionals and community members have a responsibility to ensure that older people have a safe home environment to reduce the risk of falls. Using a standardised screening tool is beneficial to intervene early with this group. The Home Falls and Accidents Screening Tool (HOME FAST) should be considered for this purpose; however, its use in Malaysia has not been studied...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104036/-analysis-of-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-elderly-population-in-china-2013
#20
W Q Chen, R S Zheng, S W Zhang, H M Zeng, X N Zou, J He
Objective: To estimate the cancer incidence and mortality in elderly Chinese population in 2013 based on the data from local cancer registries submitted to National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: Data from 255 cancer registries submitted to NCCR with qualified data after checked and evaluated, were selected for this estimation. Cancer incidence and mortality were stratified by areas, sex, age groups and cancer site, combined with population data of the year 2013 to estimate cancer epidemiology in older people in China...
January 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
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