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older people in urban area

Catherine Spooner, Upali W Jayasinghe, Nighat Faruqi, Nigel Stocks, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity have increased globally and weight stigma is commonly experienced by people with obesity. Feeling stigmatised because of one's weight can be a barrier to healthy eating, physical activity and to seeking help for weight management. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of perceived weight among middle-older aged patients with obesity attending general practices in socioeconomically disadvantaged urban areas of Australia. METHODS: As part of a randomised clinical trial in Australia, telephone interviews were conducted with 120 patients from 17 general practices in socioeconomically disadvantaged of Sydney and Adelaide...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
Xiuli Wang, Huazhen Yang, Zhanqi Duan, Jay Pan
Access to primary health care is considered a fundamental right and an important facilitator of overall population health. Township health centers (THCs) and Community health centers (CHCs) serve as central hubs of China's primary health care system and have been emphasized during recent health care reforms. Accessibility of these hubs is poorly understood and a better understanding of the current situation is essential for proper decision making. This study assesses spatial access to health care provided by primary health care institutions (THCs/CHCs) in Sichuan Province as a microcosm in China...
May 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Jessica E Ramsay, Mary R Janevic, Cainnear K Hogan, Dominique L Edwards, Cathleen M Connell
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. African Americans and people of low socioeconomic status suffer disproportionately from heart disease-related morbidity and mortality. In Detroit, Michigan, a primarily African American and low-income urban area, heart disease mortality is at twice the national rate. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of self-management support interventions in reducing chronic disease burden for older adults, few are adapted for communities most in need...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Timothy R Fricke, Nina Tahhan, Serge Resnikoff, Eric Papas, Anthea Burnett, Suit May Ho, Thomas Naduvilath, Kovin S Naidoo
TOPIC: Presbyopia prevalence and spectacle-correction coverage were estimated by systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiologic evidence, then modeled to expand to country, region, and global estimates. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Understanding presbyopia epidemiologic factors and correction coverage is critical to overcoming the burden of vision impairment (VI) from uncorrected presbyopia. METHODS: We performed systematic reviews of presbyopia prevalence and spectacle-correction coverage...
May 9, 2018: Ophthalmology
L Kadastik-Eerme, N Taba, T Asser, P Taba
OBJECTIVES: A previous epidemiological study of Parkinson's disease (PD) in the county of Tartu, Estonia, found an adjusted prevalence rate of 152/100 000 persons. We aimed to determine PD prevalence almost 20 years later, as well as evaluate any dynamic changes in disease frequency compared to the first study. METHODS: A cross-sectional, community-based study was conducted over 2010-2016 in the county of Tartu, Estonia. Multiple case-finding sources, including information from neurologists, family doctors, the local PD Society, nursing institutions, and the database of the Estonian Health Insurance Fund were used to identify patients with PD of all ages...
April 29, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Amaia Malet-Larrea, Leire Arbillaga, Miguel Á Gastelurrutia, Belén Larrañaga, Ángel Garay, Shalom I Benrimoj, Ainhoa Oñatibia-Astibia, Estíbaliz Goyenechea
INTRODUCTION: The Global Network of Age-friendly Cities is a project promoted by the World Health Organization as a response to demographic ageing and urbanization process. San Sebastian, Spain, is one of these Age-friendly Cities and community pharmacies of the city joined the initiative. OBJECTIVE: To define and implement the Age-friendly Pharmacy concept to promote active ageing, optimize the contribution of community pharmacies of San Sebastian to the friendliness of the city and to the improvement of quality of life of the ageing population...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Nele van der Wielen, Jane Falkingham, Andrew Amos Channon
BACKGROUND: Ghana is currently undergoing a profound demographic transition, with large increases in the number of older adults in the population. Older adults require greater levels of healthcare as illness and disability increase with age. Ghana therefore provides an important and timely case study of policy implementation aimed at improving equal access to healthcare in the context of population ageing. This paper examines the determinants of National Health Insurance (NHIS) enrolment in Ghana, using two different surveys and distinguishing between younger and older adults...
April 23, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Yi Xu, Jiangnan He, Senlin Lin, Bo Zhang, Jianfeng Zhu, Serge Resnikoff, Lina Lu, Haidong Zou
BACKGROUND: It was reported that lack of knowledge, less confidence of medical services, commute difficulties, and poor economic conditions would be the main barriers for cataract surgery practice. The influencing factors could have changed in cities with high developing speed. Shanghai is one of the biggest cities in China and the world. The purpose of the study was to explore the factors influencing cataract surgery practice in Shanghai. METHODS: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study...
April 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Noraidatulakma Abdullah, Boekhtiar Borhanuddin, Afzan Effiza Abdul Patah, Mohd Shaharom Abdullah, Andri Dauni, Mohd Arman Kamaruddin, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Rahman Jamal
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the factors of CAM usage for general health and to determine the factors associated with the usage of different types of CAM after the diagnosis of chronic diseases among The Malaysian Cohort participants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study derived from The Malaysian Cohort (TMC) project, a prospective population-based cohort aged between 35 to 65 years old that recruited from April 2006 to September 2012. Association between the CAM usage and contributing factors were determined via logistic regression...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
Junnan Wang, Wei Sun, George A Wells, Zhibo Li, Tianyi Li, Junduo Wu, Yangyu Zhang, Yingyu Liu, Longbo Li, Yunpeng Yu, Yihang Liu, Chao Qi, Yang Lu, Ning Liu, Youyou Yan, Lulu Liu, Gang Hui, Bin Liu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a significant global public health problem and recognized as an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. This study was designed to assess the current prevalence of hypertension and to explore risk factors associated with hypertension by urban and rural status to guide the prevention and control of hypertension in Jilin province. METHODS: A multi-stage stratified random cluster sampling method was used to obtain data on hypertension, which was investigated by physical examination and face-to-face questionnaire in July 2014-December 2015...
2018: PloS One
Manami Ejiri, Hisashi Kawai, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Shuichi Obuchi
Objectives We aimed to investigate the predictors of social isolation among older people living in urban area.Methods A mail survey was sent out to 7,015 elderly subjects living in nine districts of Itabashi ward. At baseline (2012), 3,696 subjects and at follow-up (2014) 2,375 replied to the self-administered questionnaire. We defined social isolation as seeing friends or relatives less than two or three times a month. Gender, age, self-rated health, present illnesses, instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), frequency of going out, frequency of social participation, family structure, and perceived financial status were also investigated...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
M Liu, J H Wang, S S Yang, Y Yao, S S Wang, Y He
Objective: To evaluate the activities of daily living (ADL) and related factors in community elderly people in urban and rural areas of Beijing. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Haidian and Miyun districts of Beijing using two-stage random cluster sampling method between 2011 and 2014. Results: A total of 4 499 community elderly people (1 815 males, 2 684 females) aged 60-95 years were included in the study. The mean age was (70.3±6.7) years. Compared with the participants from urban area, the participants from rural area had lower education level (85...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Casper J P Zhang, Anthony Barnett, Cindy H P Sit, Poh-Chin Lai, Janice M Johnston, Ruby S Y Lee, Ester Cerin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the associations between objectively assessed neighbourhood environmental attributes and depressive symptoms in Hong Kong Chinese older adults and the moderating effects of neighbourhood environmental attributes on the associations between living arrangements and depressive symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: 909 Hong Kong Chinese community dwellers aged 65+ years residing in preselected areas stratified by walkability and socioeconomic status...
March 25, 2018: BMJ Open
Krzysztof Kanecki, Aneta Nitsch-Osuch, Paweł Goryński, Magdalena Bogdan, Patryk Tarka, Piotr Zbigniew Tyszko
INTRODUCTION: Paget's disease (PDB) is a focal disorder of bone remodeling that occurs commonly in older people with decreasing prevalence reported in European countries. This disease is most often asymptomatic, but it can cause a variety of medical complications resulting in considerable morbidity and reduced quality of life. There is little information regarding the epidemiology of PDB in Poland. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first large epidemiological analysis of this disease in Poland...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Yong Yang, Brent A Langellier, Ivana Stankov, Jonathan Purtle, Katherine L Nelson, Ana V Diez Roux
OBJECTIVES: Daily transport may impact depression risk among older adults through several pathways including facilitating the ability to meet basic needs, enabling and promoting contact with other people and nature, and promoting physical activity (e.g. through active transportation such as walking or walking to public transit). Both daily transport and depression are influenced by the neighborhood environment. To provide insights into how transport interventions may affect depression in older adults, we developed a pilot agent-based model to explore the contribution of daily transport and neighborhood environment to older adults' depression in urban areas...
March 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Alessia Bramanti, Ernesto D'Aloja, Federico Cabras, Pasquale Paribello, Maria Francesca Moro, Jutta Lindert, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Introduction: Two main demographic phenomena have substantially changed the condition of elderly: the growth of the urban population and the increase in longevity. Objective: The aim of the present review is to investigate how the elderly living in the cities perceive the sense of insecurity compared to those who reside in rural areas, and their Quality of Life (QoL). Method: Studies published from January 2011 to August 2017 were identified on Google and PubMed combining the following terms: "elderly urban/rural QoL" or "old age urban/rural QoL"...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Laura Coll-Planas, Sergi Blancafort, Xavier Rojano, Marta Roqué, Rosa Monteserín
BACKGROUND: Older people living in socio-economic deprived urban areas especially suffer the effects of health inequalities but have been insufficiently targeted. Strategies promoted by local primary health care agents might influence health and social behaviours as intermediate social determinants that are modifiable and thus can potentially mitigate health inequalities. Therefore, we aim to develop and assess the effectiveness of a complex intervention based on a community programme that promotes self-management, health literacy and social capital targeting older people from urban socioeconomically disadvantaged areas in order to improve their self-perceived health as an indicator of health inequality reduction...
March 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
M Sahebkar, H Heidarian Miri, P Noormohammadpour, R Akrami, N Mansournia, B Tavana, M A Mansournia, E Stamatakis
To assess the prevalence and correlates of low physical activity among Iranian population aged 15-64 years. We used the data collected in National Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in Iran, 2011. Physical activity was categorized in 3 levels of low, moderate, and high based on a Persian version of Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. The multistage cluster sampling design was accounted for using complex survey analysis method. The sample included 10016 individuals; 41.7% (n = 4178) were men and 58...
March 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Carolin Laqua, Eric Hahn, Kerem Böge, Lara K Martensen, Tat Dinh Nguyen, Georg Schomerus, Tien Duc Cao, Michael Dettling, Anita von Poser, Joerg-Christian Lanca, Albert Diefenbacher, Matthias C Angermeyer, Thi Minh Tam Ta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the need to protect human rights in psychiatry. Within the last years, considerable effort has been made to reduce restrictive measures in mental health settings. Reducing restrictive measures within mental health care has also moved increasingly into the focus of public debate. This study aims, for the first time in a Southeast Asian sample, to explore whether socio-demographic factors affect public attitudes toward restrictions on mentally ill people in Hanoi, Vietnam...
June 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Chunhua Ma
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study are to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older people with hypertension in rural areas of China and to clarify the predictors influencing depressive symptoms in these patients. BACKGROUND: Although many studies have described the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older people, these studies mainly focused on those in urban areas. Few studies explicitly clarify the depressive symptoms of older patients with hypertension in rural China...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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