keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

older people in urban area

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879430/factors-that-can-influence-feelings-towards-and-interactions-with-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-rural-central-kenya
#1
Caroline Kingori, Zelalem T Haile, Peter Ngatia, Ruth Nderitu
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, HIV incidence and prevalence have declined. HIV rates are lower in rural areas than in urban areas. However, HIV infection is reported higher in men in rural areas (4.5%) compared to those in urban areas (3.7%). OBJECTIVES: This study examined HIV knowledge, feelings, and interactions towards HIV-infected from 302 participants in rural Central Kenya. METHODS: Chi square tests and multivariable logistic regression analyzed variables of interest...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843821/geriatric-health-policy-in-india-the-need-for-scaling-up-implementation
#2
REVIEW
N Sherin Susan Paul, Mathew Asirvatham
In an anticipation of the rising geriatric population in India, the Central government constituted the National Policy for Older Persons in 1999 to promote the health and welfare of senior citizens in India. A major strategy of this policy is to encourage families to take care of their older family members. The policy also encourages voluntary organizations to supplement the care provided by the family and provide care and protection to vulnerable elderly people. The implementation of this policy, particularly in the rural areas, has been negligible and calls for a scaling-up of programs to address the physical, psychological, and social needs of the poor...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775473/physical-activity-in-older-adults-in-relation-to-place-of-residence-and-coexistent-chronic-diseases
#3
Joanna Kostka, Tomasz Kostka, Ewa Borowiak
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess the physical activity (PA) and its determinants of older people living in the three different environments. METHODS: Three equal (n=693 each) groups of individuals aged ≥65 years living in urban, rural and institutional environments took part in this study. PA was measured by the Seven-Day Recall PA Questionnaire (energy expenditure - PA-EE) and the Stanford Usual Activity Questionnaire (health-related behaviors - PA-HRB)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737663/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-catastrophic-health-expenditure-and-impoverishment-associated-with-non-communicable-diseases-in-urban-hanoi-vietnam
#4
Vu Duy Kien, Hoang Van Minh, Kim Bao Giang, Amy Dao, Le Thanh Tuan, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: The catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment indices offer guidance for developing appropriate health policies and intervention programs to decrease financial inequity. This study assesses socioeconomic inequalities in catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment in relation to self-reported non-communicable diseases (NCD) in urban Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from February to March 2013 in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam...
October 13, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733195/-massive-potential-or-safety-risk-health-worker-views-on-telehealth-in-the-care-of-older-people-and-implications-for-successful-normalization
#5
Wendy Shulver, Maggie Killington, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Telehealth technologies, which enable delivery of healthcare services at distance, offer promise for responding to the challenges created by an ageing population. However, successful implementation of telehealth into mainstream healthcare systems has been slow and fraught with failure. Understanding of frontline providers' experiences and attitudes regarding telehealth is a crucial aspect of successful implementation. This study aims to examine healthcare worker views on telehealth, and their implications for implementation to mainstream healthcare services for older people...
October 12, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723833/probit-models-to-investigate-prevalence-of-total-diagnosed-and-undiagnosed-diabetes-among-aged-45-years-or-older-adults-in-china
#6
Minghui Yin, Balekouzou Augustin, Chang Shu, Tingting Qin, Ping Yin
The aims of this study are to identify the most important predictors of total diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes and estimate the mean change in the predicted probability among aged 45+ adults in China. We used baseline data collected from 2011 wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) (n = 9,513). First, we estimated the prevalence of diagnosed, measured, total diagnosed, and undiagnosed diabetes. Second, we used probit models to determine whether individual attributes, socioeconomic characteristics and behavioral health factors, including smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, central obesity, are associated with total diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716144/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-in-china-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#7
Peng Chen, Zhanzhan Li, Yihe Hu
BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to obtain a reliable estimation of the prevalence of osteoporosis in China and to characterize its epidemiology. METHODS: We identified relevant studies via a search of literature published from 2003 to October 2015 in the PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and Weipu databases. Both Chinese and WHO criteria were considered acceptable for the diagnosis of osteoporosis...
October 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705095/telerehabilitation-in-stroke-recovery-a-survey-on-access-and-willingness-to-use-low-cost-consumer-technologies
#8
Mary C Edgar, Sarah Monsees, Josina Rhebergen, Jennifer Waring, Todd Van der Star, Janice J Eng, Brodie M Sakakibara
: Background/Introduction: Early telerehabilitation trials with stroke survivors have shown promising results, but there remains a lack of knowledge of what areas of rehabilitation people with stroke are interested and willing to receive using technology. The purpose of this study was to describe the access to low-cost consumer technologies and willingness to use them to receive rehabilitation services among stroke survivors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were included in this survey study if they had a stroke, lived in the community, were 19 years of age or older, and able to understand English...
October 5, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682428/older-people-s-external-residential-assessment-tool-operat-a-complementary-participatory-and-metric-approach-to-the-development-of-an-observational-environmental-measure
#9
Vanessa Burholt, Matthew Steven Roberts, Charles Brian Alexander Musselwhite
BACKGROUND: The potential for environmental interventions to improve health and wellbeing has assumed particular importance in the face of unprecedented population ageing. However, presently observational environmental assessment tools are unsuitable for 'all ages'. This article describes the development of the Older People's External Residential Assessment Tool (OPERAT). METHODS: Potential items were identified through review and consultation with an Expert Advisory Group...
September 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650212/enhancing-sarc-f-improving-sarcopenia-screening-in-the-clinical-practice
#10
Thiago Gonzalez Barbosa-Silva, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes, Renata Moraes Bielemann, Theodore K Malmstrom, Maria Cristina Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: To validate the (Brazilian) Portuguese-translated version of the SARC-F questionnaire and to verify its performance in the separate sarcopenia screening and muscle function evaluation contexts. In addition, by associating SARC-F to an anthropometric measurement (as an estimate of muscle mass), to test for improvements in its sarcopenia screening efficacy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Urban population of Pelotas, a middle-sized city in Southern Brazil...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647092/determinants-of-unmet-needs-among-slovenian-old-population
#11
Valentina Hlebec, Andrej Srakar, Boris Majcen
BACKGROUND: Population ageing has significant effects on societies. The organization of care for dependent old people is one of the key issues for ageing societies. The majority of care for homebound dependent old people in Slovenia is still performed by informal carers, even though the use of formal services has been increasing over the last 20 years. The proportion and characteristics of people with unmet needs are important for the development of long term care social policy. METHOD: The SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe) survey was used to assess the determinants of care arrangements and of unmet needs of the aging population in Slovenia...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625629/complexity-as-key-to-designing-cognitive-friendly-environments-for-older-people
#12
REVIEW
Marica Cassarino, Annalisa Setti
The lived environment is the arena where our cognitive skills, preferences, and attitudes come together to determine our ability to interact with the world. The mechanisms through which lived environments can benefit cognitive health in older age are yet to be fully understood. The existing literature suggests that environments which are perceived as stimulating, usable and aesthetically appealing can improve or facilitate cognitive performance both in young and older age. Importantly, optimal stimulation for cognition seems to depend on experiencing sufficiently stimulating environments while not too challenging...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609606/from-neighbour-to-carer-an-exploratory-study-on-the-role-of-non-kin-carers-in-end-of-life-care-at-home-for-older-people-living-alone
#13
Sabine Pleschberger, Paulina Wosko
BACKGROUND: A growing number of older people are living in single households. They form a disadvantaged group within society as regards staying at home, most likely towards the end-of-life. It is mainly non-kin-carers who try to fulfil older people's desire for a home death, but very little is known about the challenges they face during their involvement. AIM: Getting insight into the engagement of non-kin-carers in the support for older people living alone, and a better understanding of the challenges they have to manage in end-of-life care...
September 8, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553080/determinants-of-poor-self-rated-health-among-adults-in-urban-mozambique
#14
Boaventura M Cau, Joana Falcão, Carlos Arnaldo
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health is a measure expressing the general condition of health of individuals. Self-rated health studies are common in developed countries and in some developing regions. Despite increasing proportion of adult and older population in sub-Saharan Africa and poor population health indicators, there is a dearth of studies on self-rated health in the region. This study examines factors associated with poor self-rated health among adult individuals in Maputo metropolitan area in Mozambique...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538986/rural-urban-comparisons-of-dengue-seroprevalence-in-malaysia
#15
Cheng Hoon Chew, Yuan Liang Woon, Faridah Amin, Tassha H Adnan, Asmah Hani Abdul Wahab, Zul Edzhar Ahmad, Mohd Adam Bujang, Abdul Muneer Abdul Hamid, Rahman Jamal, Wei Seng Chen, Chee Peng Hor, Lena Yeap, Ling Ping Hoo, Pik Pin Goh, Teck Onn Lim
BACKGROUND: Each year an estimated 390 million dengue infections occur worldwide. In Malaysia, dengue is a growing public health concern but estimate of its disease burden remains uncertain. We compared the urban-rural difference of dengue seroprevalence and determined age-specific dengue seroprevalence in Malaysia. METHODS: We undertook analysis on 11,821 subjects from six seroprevalence surveys conducted in Malaysia between 2001 and 2013, which composed of five urban and two rural series...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532753/osteoporosis-self-reported-in-the-elderly-a-population-based-survey-in-the-city-of-campinas-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
Iara Guimarães Rodrigues, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disease that predisposes individuals to suffer falls and fractures, causing functional impairment and a consequent reduction in quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with self-reported osteoporosis in the elderly population living in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil (ISACAMP 2008). METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a random sample taken by conglomerates in 2 stages totaling 1,419 elderly people living in the urban area...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531736/pilot-study-to-investigate-the-feasibility-of-the-home-falls-and-accidents-screening-tool-home-fast-to-identify-older-malaysian-people-at-risk-of-falls
#17
Muhammad Hibatullah Romli, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Maw Pin Tan
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between home hazards and falls in older Malaysian people is not yet fully understood. No tools to evaluate the Malaysian home environment currently exist. Therefore, this study aimed to pilot the Home Falls and Accidents Screening Tool (HOME FAST) to identify hazards in Malaysian homes, to evaluate the feasibility of using the HOME FAST in the Malaysian Elders Longitudinal Research (MELoR) study and to gather preliminary data about the experience of falls among a small sample of Malaysian older people...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496915/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-elder-mistreatment-a-cross-sectional-study-from-urban-nepal
#18
Uday Narayan Yadav, Grish Paudel
BACKGROUND: mistreatment of elderly people is internationally recognised as a serious public health issue. This study aimed at estimating the prevalence and risk factors associated with mistreatment in urban Nepal. METHODS: this was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 212 elderly people residing in Butwal sub-metropolitan city, an urban area in Nepal; the study was conducted between March and October 2015. Two-stage cluster design with simple random sampling was adopted for the study...
September 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431017/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hcv-infection-in-a-metropolitan-area-in-southern-italy-tail-of-a-cohort-infected-in-past-decades
#19
Filomena Morisco, Ilaria Loperto, Tommaso Stroffolini, Flavia Lucia Lombardo, Valentina Cossiga, Maria Guarino, Alessia De Feo, Nicola Caporaso
Data on the prevalence of HCV infection in Italy are often outdated and from non-urban populations. This study assessed the prevalence and risk factors for HCV infection in a large metropolitan area in southern Italy. A random 1:3 systematic sample of the adult general population of Naples was selected from three general practitioner patient registers in three different city districts. Socioeconomic indicators and risk factors for HCV infection were collected. Anti-HCV and HCV-RNA assays were performed. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of HCV infection...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365961/dementia-in-a-tribal-landlocked-elderly-population-at-high-altitude-what-explains-the-lower-prevalence
#20
Sunil Kumar Raina, Vishav Chander, Amit Bhardwaj
INTRODUCTION: Studies across the populations have suggested that dementia is differentially distributed with a lower prevalence in developing regions than the developed ones. A comparison in the prevalence of dementia across populations may provide an insight into its risk factors. Earlier, we reported on the prevalence of dementia in elderly population in migrant, urban, rural, and tribal populations. The present study was conducted with a view to estimating the prevalence of dementia in Tribal Landlocked Elderly Population at high altitude and therefore to draw some conclusions on the differential distribution of dementia across populations...
July 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
keyword
keyword
89748
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"