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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303909/pancreatic-cancer-mortality-in-china-characteristics-and-prediction
#1
Xiaoyue Jia, Peiling Du, Kusheng Wu, Zhenxi Xu, Jiaying Fang, Xiaoling Xu, Kun Lin
OBJECTIVES: During the last decade, the mortality rate of pancreatic cancer in China has significantly increased. We analyzed data for the period 1991-2014 to investigate the distribution of mortality rates and predict trends for the next 5 years. METHODS: We obtained the pancreatic mortality data from the Chinese cancer annual report. Trend surface analysis was applied to study the geographical distribution. We used curve estimation, time series, gray modeling, and joinpoint regression to predict the mortality rate...
January 5, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221643/respiratory-and-cardiovascular-responses-to-walking-down-a-traffic-polluted-road-compared-with-walking-in-a-traffic-free-area-in-participants-aged-60-years-and-older-with-chronic-lung-or-heart-disease-and-age-matched-healthy-controls-a-randomised-crossover
#2
Rudy Sinharay, Jicheng Gong, Benjamin Barratt, Pamela Ohman-Strickland, Sabine Ernst, Frank Kelly, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Peter Collins, Paul Cullinan, Kian Fan Chung
BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to pollution can lead to an increase in the rate of decline of lung function, especially in older individuals and in those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), whereas shorter-term exposure at higher pollution levels has been implicated in causing excess deaths from ischaemic heart disease and exacerbations of COPD. We aimed to assess the effects on respiratory and cardiovascular responses of walking down a busy street with high levels of pollution compared with walking in a traffic-free area with lower pollution levels in older adults...
December 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210136/identifying-acceptable-components-for-home-based-health-promotion-services-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-a-qualitative-study
#3
Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Ana Jovicic, Ann E M Liljas, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Benjamin Gardner, Christina Avgerinou, Claire Goodman, Vari M Drennan, Kate Walters
Mild frailty is common in later life, increasing the risk of hospitalisation, loss of independence and premature death. Targeted health promotion services may reduce adverse outcomes and increase quality of life; however, effective, well-developed theory-based interventions are lacking. We aimed to explore perceptions of health promotion behaviours undertaken by older people with mild frailty, barriers and facilitators to engagement, and identify potential components for new home-based health promotion services...
December 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175864/investigating-associations-between-the-built-environment-and-physical-activity-among-older-people-in-20-uk-towns
#4
Sophie Hawkesworth, Richard J Silverwood, Ben Armstrong, Triantafyllos Pliakas, Kiran Nanchalal, Barbara J Jefferis, Claudio Sartini, Antoinette A Amuzu, S Goya Wannamethee, Sheena E Ramsay, Juan-Pablo Casas, Richard W Morris, Peter H Whincup, Karen Lock
BACKGROUND: Policy initiatives such as WHO Age Friendly Cities recognise the importance of the urban environment for improving health of older people, who have both low physical activity (PA) levels and greater dependence on local neighbourhoods. Previous research in this age group is limited and rarely uses objective measures of either PA or the environment. METHODS: We investigated the association between objectively measured PA (Actigraph GT3x accelerometers) and multiple dimensions of the built environment, using a cross-sectional multilevel linear regression analysis...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151635/lower-incidence-of-myocardial-infarction-after-smoke-free-legislation-enforcement-in-chile
#5
Carolina Nazzal, Jeffrey E Harris
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a complete smoking ban in enclosed spaces on the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in Chile. Methods: The population-based study involved residents of urban areas, where 80% of the Chilean population live, aged 20 years or older who had a myocardial infarction. Monthly myocardial infarction incidence and mortality rates at health-care facilities between January 2011 and December 2014 were derived from admission and mortality databases...
October 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145914/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-retrospective-indigenous-childhood-enrichment-scale-rice
#6
Cecilia Minogue, Kim Delbaere, Kylie Radford, Tony Broe, Wendy Sue Forder, Suncica Lah
BACKGROUND: Years of education is the most commonly used proxy measure of cognitive reserve. Other forms of cognitive stimulation in childhood may provide similar protection against cognitive decline, particularly in Indigenous groups, where education may have been lacking in quality or quantity. The Retrospective Indigenous Childhood Enrichment (RICE) scale was developed to measure non-school-based activities and environmental stimulation during childhood that are likely to have enhanced cognitive reserve...
November 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137185/a-cross-sectional-study-of-nutrient-intake-and-health-status-among-older-adults-in-yogyakarta-indonesia
#7
Tony Arjuna, Stijn Soenen, Rasita Amelia Hasnawati, Kylie Lange, Ian Chapman, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh
Many communities around the world, particularly developing countries including Indonesia, are experiencing population ageing. There is little knowledge regarding the impact of malnutrition, or its prevalence within rural compared to urban areas, on the nutritional, functional and mental status of community-living older residents in these countries. Hence, a cross-sectional study was conducted to determine socio-demographic and anthropometric characteristics, nutritional, mental and functional status, and energy and nutrient intake of community-dwelling Indonesians from both rural and urban areas of Yogyakarta...
November 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124731/cardiovascular-risk-burden-and-future-risk-of-walking-speed-limitation-in-older-adults
#8
Emerald G Heiland, Chengxuan Qiu, Rui Wang, Giola Santoni, Yajun Liang, Laura Fratiglioni, Anna-Karin Welmer
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between cardiovascular risk factor (CRF) burden and limitation in walking speed, balance, and chair stand and to verify whether these associations vary according to age and cognitive status. DESIGN: Longitudinal population-based study. SETTING: Urban area of Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older who participated in the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen and were free of limitations in walking speed (n = 1,441), balance (n = 1,154), or chair stands (n = 1,496) at baseline (2001-04)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115922/the-prevalence-of-dementia-in-a-portuguese-community-sample-a-10-66-dementia-research-group-study
#9
Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Ana Cardoso, Ana Verdelho, Joaquim Alves da Silva, Manuel Caldas de Almeida, Alexandra Fernandes, Cátia Raminhos, Cleusa P Ferri, A Matthew Prina, Martin Prince, Miguel Xavier
BACKGROUND: Dementia imposes a high burden of disease worldwide. Recent epidemiological studies in European community samples are scarce. In Portugal, community prevalence data is very limited. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group (DRG) population-based research programmes are focused in low and middle income countries, where the assessments proved to be culture and education fair. We applied the 10/66 DRG prevalence survey methodology in Portugal, where levels of illiteracy in older populations are still high...
November 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073885/cognitive-impairment-and-hypertension-in-older-adults-living-in-extreme-poverty-a-cross-sectional-study-in-peru
#10
Maria Lazo-Porras, Victor Ortiz-Soriano, Miguel Moscoso-Porras, Fernando M Runzer-Colmenares, German Málaga, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remains to be studied. Understanding other drivers of cognitive impairment in this unique population also merits attention. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis using data from the "Encuesta de Salud y Bienestar del Adulto Mayor", a regional survey conducted in an extremely poor population of people older than 65 years old from 12 Peruvian cities in 2012...
October 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059714/using-a-web-based-diary-method-to-estimate-risks-and-benefits-from-fish-consumption
#11
Nancy A Connelly, T Bruce Lauber, Jeff Niederdeppe, Barbara A Knuth
Accurate estimates of the amount and type of fish people eat are necessary to determine the health benefits and risks of consuming fish, and to assess compliance with fish consumption guidelines issued for fish affected by chemical contaminants. We developed a web-based and mobile-phone-enabled diary methodology to collect detailed fish consumption information for two 16-week periods in the summers of 2014 and 2015. We recruited study participants from two populations living in the Great Lakes region-women of childbearing age (WCBA) and urban residents who had purchased fishing licenses...
October 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052283/characteristics-of-alleged-homicide-offenders-with-and-without-schizophrenia-in-sichuan-china
#12
Xiacan Chen, Xueli Zhang, Stephen C P Wong, Min Yang, Di Kong, Junmei Hu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics of people with and without schizophrenia who have been charged with homicide in China. AIMS AND RESEARCH QUESTION: Our research question was what differences are there between alleged homicide offenders with and without psychosis? METHOD: All archival records of alleged homicide cases referred for assessment to the West China Forensic Central Medical Service during 1998-2006 were retrieved...
October 19, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037462/suicide-in-castellon-2009-2015-do-sociodemographic-and-psychiatric-factors-help-understand-urban-rural-differences
#13
Carlos Suso-Ribera, Rafael Mora-Marín, Carmen Hernández-Gaspar, Lidón Pardo-Guerra, María Pardo-Guerra, Adela Belda-Martínez, Ramón Palmer-Viciedo
INTRODUCTION: Studies have pointed to rurality as an important factor influencing suicide. Research so far suggests that several sociodemograpic and psychiatric factors might influence urban-rural differences in suicide. Also, their contribution appears to depend on sex and age. Unfortunately, studies including a comprehensive set of explanatory variables altogether are still scare and most studies have failed to present their analyses split by sex and age groups. Also, urban-rural differences in suicide in Spain have been rarely investigated...
October 13, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036436/prevalence-of-adult-overweight-and-obesity-in-20-european-countries-2014
#14
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, Ana Naia, Nuno Loureiro, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
Background: Monitoring obesity and overweight prevalence is important for assessing interventions aimed at preventing or reducing the burden of obesity. This study aimed to provide current data regarding the prevalence of overweight and obesity of adults, from 20 European countries. Methods: Participants were 34 814 (16 482 men) adults with mean age 50.8 ± 17.7. Data from European Social Survey round 7, 2014, were analysed. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from self-reported height and weight...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026291/psychometric-properties-of-the-farsi-version-of-attitudes-to-aging-questionnaire-in-iranian-older-adults
#15
Nahid Rejeh, Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Pauline Griffiths, Maryam Nikkhah, Tahereh Bahrami
BACKGROUND: Attitudes to the aging process are affected by the individual's sociocultural background. The measurement of this important concept among older people in various societies requires the use of tools that are able to demonstrate both reliability and validity. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to translate and validate the Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ) and investigate its psychometric features among Iranian older people. METHODS: In this methodological study, the Farsi version of the AAQ was validated among 400 Iranian older adults who were members of citizen clubs in an urban area of Iran...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972929/risks-of-road-injuries-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-associations-with-drug-treatments-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#16
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Yao-Hsu Yang, Chuan-Pin Lee, Jennifer Wong, Lynn Ponton, Yena Lee, Roger S McIntyre, Kuo-You Huang, Shu-I Wu
OBJECTIVE: Using a nation-wide, population-based dataset, we aimed to investigate the risk of road injury among individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) compared to individuals without BD. In addition, we investigated the putative moderating effects of prescription for lithium, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and/or first- or second-generation antipsychotic agents on the association between BD and risk of road injury. METHOD: As part of an16-year longitudinal cohort study, we compared the risk of road injuries among study subjects aged 16 and above with a diagnosis of BD, with ten age- and sex-matched sample of individuals without BD...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950847/the-extent-and-determinants-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-comorbidity-in-south-africa-results-from-the-south-african-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-sanhanes-1
#17
Chipo Mutyambizi, Lumbwe Chola, Wim Groot, Milena Pavlova, Demetre Labadarios, Charles Hongoro
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a major health problem and cause of death worldwide. It is predicted that the prevalence of diabetes will increase from 415 million in 2015 to 642 million in 2040. However, the burden of diabetes in low- and middle-income countries is not clearly understood, particularly its interaction with other chronic illnesses. This study investigates the self-reported prevalence of and factors associated with diabetes and cardiovascular comorbidity in South Africa. METHODS: Data used in this study are from the 2012 South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; a nationally representative cross-sectional household survey (N = 25,532)...
September 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916860/the-effect-of-migration-on-social-capital-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-china
#18
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822935/assessing-urban-population-vulnerability-and-environmental-risks-across-an-urban-area-during-heatwaves-implications-for-health-protection
#19
H L Macintyre, C Heaviside, J Taylor, R Picetti, P Symonds, X-M Cai, S Vardoulakis
Heatwaves can lead to a range of adverse impacts including increased risk of illness and mortality; the heatwave in August 2003 has been associated with ~70,000 deaths across Europe. Due to climate change, heatwaves are likely to become more intense, more frequent and last longer in the future. A number of factors may influence risks associated with heat exposure, such as population age, housing type, and location within the Urban Heat Island, and such factors may not be evenly distributed spatially across a region...
January 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822922/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-of-disability-in-older-adults-in-china-findings-from-china-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-study
#20
Lina Ma, Zhenzhen Li, Zhe Tang, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Jian Li, Yao He, Birong Dong, Yun Li
OBJECTIVE: Disability affects older adults' quality of life. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic characteristics of disability in older adults in China. METHOD: Data was obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study (CCGAS). The sample comprised 6864 people aged 60 years and above from seven provinces in China. A door-to-door survey was conducted by formally trained interviewers using a unified questionnaire. Disability was assessed with physical health assessment comprising activities of daily living (ADL), and independent activities of daily living (IADL)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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