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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725160/significance-of-quality-of-care-for-quality-of-life-in-persons-with-dementia-at-risk-of-nursing-home-admission-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Christina Bökberg, Gerd Ahlström, Staffan Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Quality of life in persons with dementia is, in large part, dependent on the quality of care they receive. Investigating both subjective and objective aspects of quality of care may reveal areas for improvement regarding their care, which information may ultimately enable persons with dementia to remain living in their own homes while maintaining quality of life. The aim of this study was to 1) describe self-reported quality of life in persons with dementia at risk of nursing home admission...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720105/decomposing-the-causes-of-socioeconomic-related-health-inequality-among-urban-and-rural-populations-in-china-a-new-decomposition-approach
#2
Jiaoli Cai, Peter C Coyte, Hongzhong Zhao
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, China has experienced tremendous economic growth and also witnessed growing socioeconomic-related health inequality. The study aims to explore the potential causes of socioeconomic-related health inequality in urban and rural areas of China over the past two decades. METHODS: This study used six waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 1991 to 2006. The recentered influence function (RIF) regression decomposition method was employed to decompose socioeconomic-related health inequality in China...
July 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716791/factors-associated-with-nicotine-dependence-during-methadone-maintenance-treatment-findings-from-a-multisite-survey-in-vietnam
#3
Huyen Phuc Do, Long Hoang Nguyen, Nhung Phuong Thi Nguyen, Chau Ngo, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Giang Tong Le, Linh Khanh Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Thuc Minh Thi Vu, Huong Thu Thi Phan, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Michael P Dunne
OBJECTIVES: Smoking is associated with adverse health outcomes among drug users, including those in treatment. To date, however, there has been little evidence about smoking patterns among people receiving opioid-dependence treatment in developing countries. We examined self-reported nicotine dependence and associated factors in a large sample of opioid-dependent patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in northern Vietnam. SETTING: Five clinics in Hanoi (urban area) and Nam Dinh (rural area)...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715433/what-determines-the-preference-for-future-living-arrangements-of-middle-aged-and-older-people-in-urban-china
#4
Dijuan Meng, Guihua Xu, Ling He, Min Zhang, Dan Lin
OBJECTIVE: Living arrangements are important to the elderly. However, it is common for elderly parents in urban China to not have a living situation that they consider ideal. An understanding of their preferences assists us in responding to the needs of the elderly as well as in anticipating future long-term care demands. The aim of this study is to provide a clear understanding of preferences for future living arrangements and their associated factors among middle-aged and older people in urban China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712166/quality-of-life-through-listening-music-among-elderly-people-in-semi-urban-area-thailand
#5
Supang Wattanasoei, Bussakorn Binson, Ramesh Kumar, Ratana Somrongthong, Naowarat Kanchanakhan
BACKGROUND: Aging is one of the biggest problems in Southeast Asia due to their rapidly growing population of the older person. Old aging population is usually confined to their homes resulting in poor quality of life (QOL). Music has been found to be the great activity for older peoples with physical, emotional and social disorders hence, it affects on quality of their life. This study explored the music preference among elderly people and their quality of life in the semi-urban of Thailand...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705185/-you-ve-got-a-friend-in-me-can-social-networks-mediate-the-relationship-between-mood-and-mci
#6
Jennifer A Yates, Linda Clare, Robert T Woods
BACKGROUND: Social networks can change with age, for reasons that are adaptive or unwanted. Social engagement is beneficial to both mental health and cognition, and represents a potentially modifiable factor. Consequently this study explored this association and assessed whether the relationship between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mood problems was mediated by social networks. METHODS: This study includes an analysis of data from the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study Wales (CFAS Wales)...
July 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669781/prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-blindness-in-indonesian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Muhammad Bayu Sasongko, Felicia Widyaputri, Angela Nurini Agni, Firman Setya Wardhana, Satyaprabha Kotha, Prateek Gupta, Tri Wahyu Widayanti, Supanji Haryanto, Rifa Widyaningrum, Tien Yin Wong, Ryo Kawasaki, Jie Jin Wang
PURPOSE: To report the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and DR-related blindness in Indonesian population with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community health centers. STUDY POPULATION: We recruited 1184 people aged older than 30 years with type 2 diabetes residing in Jogjakarta, Indonesia. Multi-stage, clustered random sampling based on regencies and districts in Jogjakarta was used...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664687/urban-rural-differences-in-social-capital-in-relation-to-self-rated-health-and-subjective-well-being-in-older-residents-of-six-regions-in-poland
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Katarzyna Zawisza
The aim of the study was to assess the differences between rural and urban areas as regards the role of social capital and its effect on self-rated health and subjective well-being among older people in Poland. The sample was selected on the basis of multi-stage clustered design from the non-institutionalized adult population. Analysis was based on 1,299 elderly people aged 65 and over from the general Polish population who participated in the COURAGE in Europe project. Six regions of Poland were distinguished according to first level of Nomenclature of Units for Territorial Statistics (NUTS) classification ...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639872/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-hearing-aid-use-among-older-adults-in-chile
#9
Eduardo Fuentes-López, Adrian Fuente, Felipe Cardemil, Gonzalo Valdivia, Cecilia Albala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of use of hearing aids by older adults in Chile and the influence of some variables such as education level, income level and geographic area of residence on the prevalence of hearing aids. DESIGN: A national cross-sectional survey which was carried out in 2009. STUDY SAMPLE: A representative sample of 4766 Chilean older adults aged 60 years and above. RESULTS: The percentage of older adults in Chile who self-reported hearing problems and used hearing aids was 8...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605216/drug-avoidance-self-efficacy-among-exclusive-cannabis-users-vs-other-drug-users-visiting-the-emergency-department
#10
Sarah E Clingan, Susan I Woodruff
BACKGROUND: Medical care in the emergency department (ED) is a growing and complex area of outpatient care, with about 256 visits made to EDs every minute in 2013. Studies report that, compared to people who do not use drugs, people who use illicit drugs are more likely to use the ED for their medical care. Self-efficacy has been shown to be a predictor of abstinence or reduced use among drug-using individuals. OBJECTIVES: The current study describes drug avoidance self-efficacy among exclusive cannabis-using individuals and other drug-using individuals who use the ED for any reason...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601585/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-15-states-of-india-results-from-the-icmr-indiab-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Mohan Deepa, Rajendra Pradeepa, Jagadish Mahanta, Kanwar Narain, Hiranya Kumar Das, Prabha Adhikari, Paturi Vishnupriya Rao, Banshi Saboo, Ajay Kumar, Anil Bhansali, Mary John, Rosang Luaia, Taranga Reang, Somorjit Ningombam, Lobsang Jampa, Richard O Budnah, Nirmal Elangovan, Radhakrishnan Subashini, Ulagamathesan Venkatesan, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Ashok Kumar Das, Sri Venkata Madhu, Mohammed K Ali, Arvind Pandey, Rupinder Singh Dhaliwal, Tanvir Kaur, Soumya Swaminathan, Viswanathan Mohan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have not adequately captured the heterogeneous nature of the diabetes epidemic in India. The aim of the ongoing national Indian Council of Medical Research-INdia DIABetes study is to estimate the national prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in India by estimating the prevalence by state. METHODS: We used a stratified multistage design to obtain a community-based sample of 57 117 individuals aged 20 years or older. The sample population represented 14 of India's 28 states (eight from the mainland and six from the northeast of the country) and one union territory...
June 7, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562068/extroversion-social-support-and-life-satisfaction-in-old-age-a-mediation-model
#12
Cristina G Dumitrache, Laura Rubio, Ramona Rubio-Herrera
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was twofold: on the one hand to analyze whether extroversion predicts social support in older people, and on the other hand to determine if different types of social support mediate the effect that extroversion has on older people's life satisfaction. METHOD: The sample comprised 406 community-dwelling older adults (M = 74.88, SD = 6.75) from urban areas of Granada, southern Spain. RESULTS: Extroversion was positively correlated with emotional (r = ...
May 31, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510585/the-prevalence-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-in-bangladeshi-adults-data-from-a-national-survey
#13
Tuhin Biswas, Sarah P Garnett, Sonia Pervin, Lal B Rawal
BACKGROUND: Over the two last decades Bangladesh, a low-income country, has experienced a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition. The population has increased substantially with rapid urbanization and changing pattern of disease, which at least in part, can be explained by nutritional changes. However, the nutritional status of the adult population has not been previously described. Hence, the objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and explore socio-demographic determinants of underweight, overweight and obesity among the Bangladeshi adult population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499210/micro-scale-environment-and-mental-health-in-later-life-results-from-the-cognitive-function-and-ageing-study-ii-cfas-ii
#14
Yu-Tzu Wu, A Matthew Prina, Andy Jones, Linda E Barnes, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: Poor micro-scale environmental features, such as graffiti and broken windows, have been associated with crime and signs of social disorder with a potential impact on mental health. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between micro-scale environment and mental health problems in later life, including cognitive (cognitive impairment and dementia) and common mental disorders (depressive and anxiety symptoms). METHODS: The method of visual image audits was used to collect micro-scale environmental data for 3590 participants in the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study II, a population-based multicentre cohort of people aged 65 or above in England...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468069/-association-between-supporting-child-and-elder-abuse-in-china
#15
X Wen, Y K Hu, P He, Z J Wang, X Y Zheng
Objective: To examine the association between child-supporting from their folks and elder abuse in China so as to provide evidence for prevention and control of elder abuse. Methods: Based on the third survey on the Status of Chinese women, organized by the All-China Women's Federation and the National Bureau of Statistics, 7 159 residents aged 65 and older were included and general information on supporting child and elder abuse were gathered. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to investigate the association between supporting child from elderly and elder abuse...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453583/-validation-of-the-successful-aging-inventory-in-chilean-older-people
#16
Lorena Gallardo-Peralta, Alejandro Cuadra-Peralta, Ximena Cámara-Rojo, Betty Gaspar-Delpino, Renato Sánchez-Lillo
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of adequate and validated instruments for the measurement of successful aging for geriatric researchers in Chile. AIM: To validate the “Successful Aging Inventory” (SAI) in Chilean older people. MATERIAL AND METHODS: SAI was answered by 777 older people aged 70 ± 7 years (63% women) living in urban and rural areas, including the highlands of a Northern desert region of Chile. RESULTS: A Cronbach alfa of 0...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422124/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-and-its-complications-in-india-and-economic-costs-to-the-nation
#17
REVIEW
R Pradeepa, V Mohan
Diabetes, a major lifestyle disorder, has become a global burden, and the prevalence rates are rising steeply in developing economies. Rapid socioeconomic transition with urbanization and industrialization are the main causes for the global diabetes epidemic. Among developing economies, the highest increase in number of people with diabetes is in China followed by India. In India, the epidemic of diabetes continue to increase and is experiencing a shift in diabetes prevalence from urban to rural areas, the affluent to the less privileged and from older to younger people...
July 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368322/are-structural-changes-in-polish-rural-areas-fostering-leisure-time-physical-activity
#18
Elżbieta Biernat, Piotr Bartkiewicz, Sonia Buchholtz
Background: In this study, we analyze the determinants of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) of farmers and non-farmers living in rural areas. Methods: We use statistical analysis to describe urban and rural populations, as well as econometric techniques (Heckman regressions and propensity score matching) to assess the role of rural lifestyle in physical activity. Results: World Health Organization (WHO) pro-health PA (physical activity) recommendations are not met by 66% of farmers and 49% of other dwellers in rural areas...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367742/-the-child-can-remember-your-voice-parent-child-communication-about-sexuality-in-the-south-african-context
#19
Esmeralda Vilanculos, Mzikazi Nduna
There is a wealth of research on parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and its influence on young people's sexual behaviours. However, most of it is from the global North. The aim of this study was to explore parent-child communication in three South African provinces: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) and Mpumalanga. Nine, peer, focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with young and adult black African men and women in their spoken languages. Data were analysed thematically...
March 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347829/as-vivid-as-a-weed%C3%A2-medicinal-and-cosmetic-plant-uses-amongst-the-urban-youth-in-french-guiana
#20
Marc Alexandre Tareau, Marianne Palisse, Guillaume Odonne
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: French Guiana is a French overseas territory with a rich history of migration that has led to a highly intercultural society. Today, its population is one of the youngest in the French territory and is rapidly increasing. Despite a context of cultural revival seeking "tradition", a distanced baseline of local practices is still lacking. This work addresses some aspects of the cultural hybridizations in progress in urban areas. METHODS: Semi directed interviews were conducted with willing participants aged between 18 and 40...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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