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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717813/cut-off-points-for-muscle-mass-not-grip-strength-or-gait-speed-determine-variations-in-sarcopenia-prevalence
#1
F Masanés, X Rojano I Luque, A Salvà, J A Serra-Rexach, I Artaza, F Formiga, F Cuesta, A López Soto, D Ruiz, A J Cruz-Jentoft
OBJECTIVES: The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) has proposed different methods and cut-off points for the three parameters that define sarcopenia: muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance. Although this facilitates clinical practice, it limits comparability between studies and leads to wide differences in published prevalence rates. The aim of this study was to assess how changes in cut-off points for muscle mass, gait speed and grip strength affected sarcopenia prevalence according to EWGSOP criteria...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705243/trends-in-treatment-with-antipsychotic-medication-in-relation-to-national-directives-in-people-with-dementia-a-review-of-the-swedish-context
#2
Staffan Karlsson, Ingalill Rahm Hallberg, Patrik Midlöv, Cecilia Fagerström
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore trends in treatment with antipsychotic medication in Swedish dementia care in nursing homes as reported in the most recent empirical studies on the topic, and to relate these trends to directives from the national authorities. METHODS: The study included two scoping review studies based on searches of electronic databases as well as the Swedish directives in the field. RESULTS: During the past decade, directives have been developed for antipsychotic medication in Sweden...
July 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677332/the-development-of-the-person-centred-situational-leadership-framework-revealing-the-being-of-person-centredness-in-nursing-homes
#3
Brighide M Lynch, Tanya McCance, Brendan McCormack, Donna Brown
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To implement and evaluate the effect of using the Person-Centred Situational Leadership Framework to develop person-centred care within nursing homes. BACKGROUND: Many models of nursing leadership have been developed internationally in recent years but do not fit with the emergent complex philosophy of nursing home care. This study develops the Person-Centred Situational Leadership Framework that supports this philosophy. It forms the theoretical basis of the action research study described in this paper...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672199/changes-in-malnutrition-and-quality-of-nutritional-care-among-aged-residents-in-all-nursing-homes-and-assisted-living-facilities-in-helsinki-2003-2011
#4
Riitta K T Saarela, Seija Muurinen, Merja H Suominen, Niina N Savikko, Helena Soini, Kaisu H Pitkälä
BACKGROUND: While nutritional problems have been recognized as common in institutional settings for several decades, less is known about how nutritional care and nutrition has changed in these settings over time. OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare the nutritional problems and nutritional care of residents in all nursing homes (NH) in 2003 and 2011 and residents in all assisted living facilities (ALF) in 2007 and 2011, in Helsinki, Finland. METHODS: We combined four cross-sectional datasets of (1) residents from all NHs in 2003 (N=1987), (2) residents from all ALFs in 2007 (N=1377), (3) residents from all NHs in 2011 (N=1576) and (4) residents from all ALFs in 2011 (N=1585)...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645277/dignity-in-people-with-frontotemporal-dementia-and-similar-disorders-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-family-caregivers
#5
Mette Sagbakken, Dagfinn Nåden, Ingun Ulstein, Kari Kvaal, Birgitta Langhammer, May-Karin Rognstad
BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) constitutes on average 10-15% of dementia in younger persons (≤65 years old), but can also affect older people. These patients demonstrate a decline in social conduct, and/or language aphasias, apathy, and loss of insight that is gradual and progressive. Preservation of dignity seems to be highly relevant both before and after admission to different types of institutionalized care, but the research is scant. From the perspective of close relatives, this study aims to develop knowledge related to dignified or undignified care of patients with FTD and similar conditions...
June 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639233/-physical-and-mental-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-of-frail-older-people
#6
Robbert J J Gobbens
Frail older people have an increased risk of limitations in performing activities of daily living, hospitalization, nursing home admission, and premature death. In this study we determined the difference in experiencing quality of life between frail and non-frail older people. We also investigated the associations between physical, psychological and social components of frailty and the physical and mental dimensions of quality of life. 374 people of 75 years and older filled in a questionnaire, the Senioren Barometer...
June 21, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637610/an-exploration-of-how-positive-emotions-are-expressed-by-older-people-and-nurse-assistants-in-homecare-visits
#7
Lena Heyn, Lee Ellington, Hilde Eide
OBJECTIVE: We don´t know how positive emotions are being expressed by patients and health care providers in consultations. The aim of this study is to identify positive emotions expressed by older people and nurse assistants to discuss the function of these in the visits. METHOD: This paper presents secondary analysis of consultations in the COMHOME project. In this pilot study, six transcribed consultations between nurse assistants and older people in home health care were analysed using a coding system for positive emotions with seven categories capturing both content and emotional intensity of positive affect...
May 23, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632933/patient-characteristics-associated-with-a-successful-response-to-nurse-led-care-programs-targeting-the-oldest-old-a-comparison-of-two-rcts
#8
Nienke Bleijenberg, Lorenz Imhof, Romy Mahrer-Imhof, Margaret I Wallhagen, Niek J de Wit, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: To improve the effectiveness of community-based care programs, especially those targeting the oldest-old population (80+), data are needed that elucidate those factors associated with a successful response to the intervention. Two comparable nurse-led care programs have been evaluated in two large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one in Switzerland and one in the Netherlands. AIMS: To identify common patient characteristics that are related to a successful response to proactive nurse-led care, we explored if and to what extent, identical factors were present in both study populations...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627042/deciding-about-nursing-home-care-in-dementia-a-conjoint-analysis-of-how-older-people-balance-competing-goals
#9
Alison Fahey, Dearbhail Ní Chaoimh, Grainne R Mulkerrin, Eamon C Mulkerrin, Shaun T O'Keeffe
AIM: "Don't put me in a home" is a common preference of older people, but so too is "I don't want to be a burden on my family." These and other goals often conflict with each other when people have worsening dementia and the issue of possible nursing home admission arises. METHODS: Community-dwelling older hospital patients were asked to imagine that they lived alone, had dementia and were experiencing increasing practical difficulties, and were presented with 11 possible "outcome packages...
June 18, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616420/investigation-effect-of-oral-chamomilla-on-sleep-quality-in-elderly-people-in-isfahan-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Mehrdad Abdullahzadeh, Pegah Matourypour, Sayed Ali Naji
BACKGROUND: Elderly people often suffer from sleep disorders. Chamomile due to the many health benefits such as sedation may be effective in improving sleep quality in elderly people. This study aimed to determine the effect of Matricaria chamomilla extract on sleep quality in elderly people admitted to nursing homes of Isfahan in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is a quasi-experimental clinical trial. The study population was 77 cases of elderly hospitalized in nursing homes...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594386/the-technology-acceptance-of-a-tv-platform-for-the-elderly-living-alone-or-in-public-nursing-homes
#11
Pedro C Santana-Mancilla, Luis E Anido-Rifón
In Mexico, many seniors are alone for most of the day or live in public nursing homes. Simple interaction with computer systems is required for older people. This is why we propose the exploration of a medium well known by seniors, such as the television (TV). The primary objective of this study is to improve the quality of life of seniors through an easier reminder system, using the television set. A technological platform was designed based on interactive television, through which seniors and their caregivers can have a better way to track their daily activities...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592236/prevalence-of-frailty-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-receipt-of-low-level-home-support-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-north-dublin-cohort
#12
Sara Kelly, Irene O'Brien, Karla Smuts, Maria O'Sullivan, Austin Warters
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for formal government funded home help services to support community-dwelling older people in Ireland, yet limited information exists on the health profiles of this group, especially regarding frailty. Our aim was to profile a large cohort of adults in receipt of low level home help and to determine the prevalence of frailty. METHODS: A total 1312 older adults, (≥ 65 years) in receipt of low level home help (< 5 h per week) were reviewed by community nurses and frailty was assessed using the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) in this cross-sectional study...
June 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589806/mobility-care
#13
Rose Gallacher
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? I read the article because it was relevant to my practice as a nurse on a surgical unit, where many of the patients are older people. I wanted to improve my understanding of what an integrated approach to mobility care for older people might entail. The article stated that although this approach is aimed at older people living in nursing homes or residential care who require assistance with mobilising, it could also be applied to other care settings...
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579934/caring-too-much-lack-of-public-services-to-older-people-reduces-attendance-at-work-among-their-children
#14
Heidi Gautun, Christopher Bratt
The need to provide care for older people can put a strain on their adult children, potentially interfering with their work attendance. We tested the hypothesis that public care for older people (nursing homes or home care services) would moderate the association between having an older parent in need of care and reduced work attendance among the adult children. The analysis used data from a survey of Norwegian employees aged 45-65 (N = 529). Institutional care for older people in need of care (i.e. nursing homes) was associated with improved work attendance among their children-their daughters in particular...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575565/eeg-neurofeedback-training-and-quality-of-life-of-institutionalized-elderly-women-a-pilot-study
#15
L Van Eijk, S A Zwijsen, D Keeser, J M Oosterman, O Pogarell, H J Engelbregt
This pilot study attempted to study the applicability of neurofeedback for elderly persons living in nursing homes. We hypothesized an improve of cognitive functioning and the independence in daily life (IDL) of elderly people by using low beta (12-15HZ) EEG neurofeedback training (E-NFT). The participants (active E-NFT group, n=10; control group, n=6) were community living elderly women without dementia. Neurofeedback training was adjusted ten times within 9 weeks, with a training duration of 21 minutes by use of a single electrode, which was centrally placed on the skull surface...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561895/knowledge-and-self-care-behaviors-among-patients-with-heart-failure-in-jordan
#16
Loai I Tawalbeh, Mohammad Al Qadire, Muayyad M Ahmad, Sami Aloush, Yasmeen Abu Sumaqa, Marawa Halabi
Knowledge is known to affect self-care behaviors. However, little is known about the factors that influence self-care behaviors among patients with heart failure in Jordan. A cross-sectional descriptive-correlational design was used to describe the associations between knowledge, sociodemographics, and self-care behaviors. In a convenience sample of 226 patients with heart failure, the Dutch Heart Failure Scale and Self-Care of Heart Failure Index (SCHFI) version 6.2 were used to measure knowledge and self-care behaviors, respectively...
May 31, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540592/-assistance-nursing-and-participation-in-old-age-future-of-domestic-care-in-cases-of-care-dependency
#17
REVIEW
Josefine Heusinger, Kerstin Hämel, Susanne Kümpers
The future development of home care services for older people in need of care is associated with great challenges. This article begins with a brief summary of the most urgent care problems from the perspective of people requiring care and that of caring relatives. The problems exhibit social and spatial inequalities and are characterized by coordination problems within a fragmented organizational system. Calls for a viable "care mix" are nothing new but have recently gained considerable traction under the label of "caring communities"...
May 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537362/a-summary-of-knowledge-about-the-oral-health-of-older-people-in-england-and-wales
#18
D Moore, G M Davies
Objective: To summarise what is currently known about the oral health of older adults in England and Wales. Basic research design: Summary of the main findings from a recent review of oral health surveys and demographic and health data relating to older people in the UK (West Midlands, North West, Bolton and Kirklees, East London and the City of London and Wales). Their findings were compared, where possible to estimates from the 2009 Adult Dental Health Survey...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537340/energy-and-nutrient-content-of-food-served-and-consumed-by-nursing-home-residents
#19
F Buckinx, S Allepaerts, N Paquot, J Y Reginster, C de Cock, J Petermans, O Bruyère
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare energy and protein content of the served food with the actual intake from the food consumed by nursing home residents. This study also aimed to compare food intake and dietary allowances. DESIGN: This is a cross sectional study. SETTING: This study was performed in nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: Residents of these 2 nursing homes were eligible for the study if they agreed to participate and if they meet the selection criteria (to be older than 65 years and have a regular texture diet)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534713/the-influence-of-thermal-comfort-on-the-quality-of-life-of-nursing-home-residents
#20
Ana Mendes, Ana Luísa Papoila, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Lívia Aguiar, Stefano Bonassi, Iolanda Caires, Teresa Palmeiro, Álvaro Silva Ribeiro, Paula Neves, Cristiana Pereira, Amália Botelho, Nuno Neuparth, João Paulo Teixeira
Thermal comfort (TC) parameters were measured in 130 rooms from nursing homes (NH), following ISO 7730:2005 in order to evaluate the influence of winter season TC indices on quality of life (QoL) in older individuals. Mean radiant temperature (mrT), predicted mean vote (PMV) and predicted percent of dissatisfied people (PPD) indices, and the respective measurement uncertainties were calculated using Monte Carlo Method. The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was conducted from September 2012 to April 2013, during the winter season TC sampling campaign...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
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