Read by QxMD icon Read


Haruo Okado
The mechanisms regulating the formation of the cerebral cortex have been well studied. In the developing cortex, (also known Znf238, Zfp238, and Zbtb18), which encodes a sequence-specific transcriptional repressor, is expressed in glutamatergic projection neurons and progenitor cells. Targeted deletion of Rp58 leads to dysplasia of the neocortex and hippocampus, a reduction in the number of mature cortical neurons, and defects in laminar organization due to abnormal neuronal migration within the cortical plate...
March 1, 2018: Brain Research
Olivier Clément, Isabel Anne Hemming, Ivan Enghian Gladwyn-Ng, Zhengdong Qu, Shan Shan Li, Michael Piper, Julian Ik-Tsen Heng
After publication of the original article [1] it was realised that there were errors in figures 2a,b,f,g, which arose as a result of preparing figures from data collected and analysed at the same time as the work reported in [2] (Supplementary Figure 1 of [2]). An updated Fig. 2 is included with this Correction.
January 11, 2018: Neural Development
Faheem Ahmed Khan, Hui Liu, Hao Zhou, Kai Wang, Muhammad Tahir Ul Qamar, Nuruliarizki Shinta Pandupuspitasari, Zhang Shujun
The biology of sperm, its capability of fertilizing an egg and its role in sex ratio are the major biological questions in reproductive biology. To answer these question we integrated X and Y chromosome transcriptome across different species: Bos taurus and Sus scrofa and identified reproductive driver genes based on Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) algorithm. Our strategy resulted in 11007 and 10445 unique genes consisting of 9 and 11 reproductive modules in Bos taurus and Sus scrofa , respectively...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
Vita Fedele, Fangping Dai, Anie P Masilamani, Dieter H Heiland, Eva Kling, Ana M Gätjens-Sanchez, Roberto Ferrarese, Leonardo Platania, Doostkam Soroush, Hyunsoo Kim, Sven Nelander, Astrid Weyerbrock, Marco Prinz, Andrea Califano, Antonio Iavarone, Markus Bredel, Maria S Carro
Glioblastoma (GBM) comprises distinct subtypes characterized by their molecular profile. Mesenchymal identity in GBM has been associated with a comparatively unfavorable prognosis, primarily due to inherent resistance of these tumors to current therapies. The identification of molecular determinants of mesenchymal transformation could potentially allow for the discovery of new therapeutic targets. Zinc Finger and BTB Domain Containing 18 (ZBTB18/ZNF238/RP58) is a zinc finger transcriptional repressor with a crucial role in brain development and neuronal differentiation...
August 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Olivier Clément, Isabel Anne Hemming, Ivan Enghian Gladwyn-Ng, Zhengdong Qu, Shan Shan Li, Michael Piper, Julian Ik-Tsen Heng
BACKGROUND: During the development of the mammalian cerebral cortex, newborn postmitotic projection neurons are born from local neural stem cells and must undergo radial migration so as to position themselves appropriately to form functional neural circuits. The zinc finger transcriptional repressor Rp58 (also known as Znf238 or Zbtb18) is critical for coordinating corticogenesis, but its underlying molecular mechanism remains to be better characterised. FINDINGS: Here, we demonstrate that the co-expression of Rp58 and the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) p27kip1 is important for E14...
May 15, 2017: Neural Development
Faheem Ahmed Khan, Hui Liu, Hao Zhou, Kai Wang, Muhammad Tahir Ul Qamar, Nuruliarizki Shinta Pandupuspitasari, Zhang Shujun
The biology of sperm, its capability of fertilizing an egg and its role in sex ratio are the major biological questions in reproductive biology. To answer these question we integrated X and Y chromosome transcriptome across different species: Bos taurus and Sus scrofa and identified reproductive driver genes based on Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) algorithm. Our strategy resulted in 11007 and 10445 unique genes consisting of 9 and 11 reproductive modules in Bos taurus and Sus scrofa, respectively...
April 13, 2017: Oncotarget
Mark N Cruickshank, James Dods, Rhonda L Taylor, Mahdad Karimi, Emily J Fenwick, Elizabeth A Quail, Alexander J Rea, V Michael Holers, Lawrence J Abraham, Daniela Ulgiati
Complement receptor 2 (CR2/CD21) plays an important role in the generation of normal B cell immune responses. As transcription appears to be the prime mechanism via which surface CR2/CD21 expression is controlled, understanding transcriptional regulation of this gene will have broader implications to B cell biology. Here we report opposing, cell-context specific control of CR2/CD21 promoter activity by tandem E-box elements, spaced 22 bp apart and within 70 bp of the transcription initiation site. We have identified E2A and USF transcription factors as binding to the distal and proximal E-box sites respectively in CR2-positive B-cells, at a site that is hypersensitive to restriction enzyme digestion compared to non-expressing K562 cells...
July 2015: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
X D Kong, N Liu, X J Xu
In this study, biomarkers and transcriptional factor motifs were identified in order to investigate the etiology and phenotypic severity of Down syndrome. GSE 1281, GSE 1611, and GSE 5390 were downloaded from the gene expression ominibus (GEO). A robust multiarray analysis (RMA) algorithm was applied to detect differentially expressed genes (DEGs). In order to screen for biological pathways and to interrogate the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway database, the database for annotation, visualization, and integrated discovery (DAVID) was used to carry out a gene ontology (GO) function enrichment for DEGs...
October 2014: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Julian Ik-Tsen Heng, Zhengdong Qu, Chiaki Ohtaka-Maruyama, Haruo Okado, Masataka Kasai, Diogo Castro, François Guillemot, Seong-Seng Tan
The zinc finger transcription factor RP58 (also known as ZNF238) regulates neurogenesis of the mouse neocortex and cerebellum (Okado et al. 2009; Xiang et al. 2011; Baubet et al. 2012; Ohtaka-Maruyama et al. 2013), but its mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we report a cell-autonomous function for RP58 during the differentiation of embryonic cortical projection neurons via its activities as a transcriptional repressor. Disruption of RP58 expression alters the differentiation of immature neurons and impairs their migration and positioning within the mouse cerebral cortex...
March 2015: Cerebral Cortex
Chiaki Ohtaka-Maruyama, Shinobu Hirai, Akiko Miwa, Julian Ik-Tsen Heng, Hiroshi Shitara, Rie Ishii, Choji Taya, Hitoshi Kawano, Masataka Kasai, Kazunori Nakajima, Haruo Okado
Accumulating evidence suggests that many brain diseases are associated with defects in neuronal migration, suggesting that this step of neurogenesis is critical for brain organization. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal migration remain largely unknown. Here, we identified the zinc-finger transcriptional repressor RP58 as a key regulator of neuronal migration via multipolar-to-bipolar transition. RP58(-/-) neurons exhibited severe defects in the formation of leading processes and never shifted to the locomotion mode...
February 21, 2013: Cell Reports
Valérie Baubet, Chaomei Xiang, Aliah Molczan, Laura Roccograndi, Svetlana Melamed, Nadia Dahmane
Cerebellum development depends on the correct differentiation of progenitors into neurons, a process controlled by a transcriptional program that remains poorly understood. Here we show that neural-specific deletion of the BTB/POZ zinc-finger transcription factor-encoding gene Rp58 (Znf238, Zfp238) causes severe cerebellar hypoplasia and developmental failure of Purkinje neurons, Bergmann glia and granule neurons. Deletion of Rp58 in mouse embryonic Atoh1(+) progenitors leads to strong defects in growth and foliation owing to its crucial role in the differentiation of granule neurons...
June 2012: Development
Guangai Xue, Yoko Aida, Takashi Onodera, Akikazu Sakudo
Transcription factors regulate gene expression by controlling the transcription rate. Some genes can repress their own expression to prevent over production of the corresponding protein, although the mechanism and significance of this negative feedback regulation remains unclear. In the present study, we describe negative feedback regulation of the bovine prion protein (PrP) gene PRNP in Japanese Black cattle. The PrP-expressing plasmid pEF-boPrP and luciferase-expressing plasmids containing the partial promoter fragment of PRNP incorporating naturally occurring single-nucleotide or insertion/deletion polymorphisms were transfected into N2a cells...
2012: PloS One
Shinobu Hirai, Akiko Miwa, Chiaki Ohtaka-Maruyama, Masataka Kasai, Shigeo Okabe, Yutaka Hata, Haruo Okado
Appropriate number of neurons and glial cells is generated from neural stem cells (NSCs) by the regulation of cell cycle exit and subsequent differentiation. Although the regulatory mechanism remains obscure, Id (inhibitor of differentiation) proteins are known to contribute critically to NSC proliferation by controlling cell cycle. Here, we report that a transcriptional factor, RP58, negatively regulates all four Id genes (Id1-Id4) in developing cerebral cortex. Consistently, Rp58 knockout (KO) mice demonstrated enhanced astrogenesis accompanied with an excess of NSCs...
March 7, 2012: EMBO Journal
C Ohtaka-Maruyama, S Hirai, A Miwa, A Takahashi, H Okado
Pyramidal neurons of the neocortex are produced from progenitor cells located in the neocortical ventricular zone (VZ) and subventricular zone (SVZ) during embryogenesis. RP58 is a transcriptional repressor that is strongly expressed in the developing brain and plays an essential role in corticogenesis. The expression of RP58 is strictly regulated in a time-dependent and spatially restricted manner. It is maximally expressed in E15-16 embryonic cerebral cortex, localized specifically to the cortical plate and SVZ of the neocortex, hippocampus, and parts of amygdala during brain development, and found in glutamatergic but not GABAergic neurons...
January 10, 2012: Neuroscience
C Xiang, V Baubet, S Pal, L Holderbaum, V Tatard, P Jiang, R V Davuluri, N Dahmane
Although neurogenic pathways have been described in the developing neocortex, less is known about mechanisms ensuring correct neuronal differentiation thus also preventing tumor growth. We have shown that RP58 (aka zfp238 or znf238) is highly expressed in differentiating neurons, that its expression is lost or diminished in brain tumors, and that its reintroduction blocks their proliferation. Mice with loss of RP58 die at birth with neocortical defects. Using a novel conditional RP58 allele here we show that its CNS-specific loss yields a novel postnatal phenotype: microencephaly, agenesis of the corpus callosum and cerebellar hypoplasia that resembles the chr1qter deletion microcephaly syndrome in human...
April 2012: Cell Death and Differentiation
Shigetoshi Yokoyama, Hiroshi Asahara
Myogenesis has been a leading model for elucidating the molecular mechanisms that underlie tissue differentiation and development since the discovery of MyoD. During myogenesis, the fate of myogenic precursor cells is first determined by Pax3/Pax7. This is followed by regulation of the myogenic differentiation program by muscle regulatory factors (Myf5, MyoD, Myog, and Mrf4) to form muscle tissues. Recent studies have uncovered a detailed myogenic program that involves the RP58 (Zfp238)-dependent regulatory network, which is critical for repressing the expression of inhibitor of DNA binding (Id) proteins...
June 2011: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Shigetoshi Yokoyama, Yoshiaki Ito, Hiroe Ueno-Kudoh, Hirohito Shimizu, Kenta Uchibe, Sonia Albini, Kazuhiko Mitsuoka, Shigeru Miyaki, Minako Kiso, Akane Nagai, Tomohiro Hikata, Tadahiro Osada, Noritsugu Fukuda, Satoshi Yamashita, Daisuke Harada, Valeria Mezzano, Masataka Kasai, Pier Lorenzo Puri, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Haruo Okado, Megumi Hashimoto, Hiroshi Asahara
We created a whole-mount in situ hybridization (WISH) database, termed EMBRYS, containing expression data of 1520 transcription factors and cofactors expressed in E9.5, E10.5, and E11.5 mouse embryos--a highly dynamic stage of skeletal myogenesis. This approach implicated 43 genes in regulation of embryonic myogenesis, including a transcriptional repressor, the zinc-finger protein RP58 (also known as Zfp238). Knockout and knockdown approaches confirmed an essential role for RP58 in skeletal myogenesis. Cell-based high-throughput transfection screening revealed that RP58 is a direct MyoD target...
December 2009: Developmental Cell
Haruo Okado, Chiaki Ohtaka-Maruyama, Yoshinobu Sugitani, Yuko Fukuda, Reiko Ishida, Shinobu Hirai, Akiko Miwa, Akiyo Takahashi, Katsunori Aoki, Keiji Mochida, Osamu Suzuki, Takao Honda, Kazunori Nakajima, Masaharu Ogawa, Toshio Terashima, Junichiro Matsuda, Hitoshi Kawano, Masataka Kasai
The neocortex and the hippocampus comprise several specific layers containing distinct neurons that originate from progenitors at specific development times, under the control of an adequate cell-division patterning mechanism. Although many molecules are known to regulate this cell-division patterning process, its details are not well understood. Here, we show that, in the developing cerebral cortex, the RP58 transcription repressor protein was expressed both in postmitotic glutamatergic projection neurons and in their progenitor cells, but not in GABAergic interneurons...
July 15, 2009: Developmental Biology
Akiyo Takahashi, Shinobu Hirai, Chiaki Ohtaka-Maruyama, Akiko Miwa, Yutaka Hata, Shigeo Okabe, Haruo Okado
We have cloned a novel transcriptional repressor protein, termed simiRP58, which has high homology to RP58. Both simiRP58 and RP58 belong to the POZ domain and Kruppel Zn finger (POK) family of proteins. Using the luciferase assay system, we found that simiRP58 also has transcriptional repressor activity like RP58. Northern blotting and quantitative RT-PCR showed that simiRP58 was expressed in testes at the highest level. In situ hybridization of testes showed that simiRP58 is expressed by spermatocytes in only a portion of the seminiferous tubules...
April 11, 2008: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
B W Brunelle, M E Kehrli, J R Stabel, D Moody Spurlock, L B Hansen, E M Nicholson
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a neurodegenerative disease of cattle caused by abnormally folded prion proteins. Two regulatory region polymorphisms in the bovine prion gene are associated with resistance to classical BSE disease: a 23-bp region in the promoter that contains a binding site for the repressor protein RP58, and a 12-bp region in intron 1 that has a binding site for the transcription factor SP1. The presence of these binding sites enhances BSE resistance in cattle, whereas cattle that lack these regions are more susceptible to the disease...
January 2008: Journal of Dairy Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"