keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Geriatric nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324561/nursing-minimum-data-sets-for-documenting-nutritional-care-for-adults-in-primary-healthcare-a-scoping-review
#1
Sasja Jul Håkonsen, Preben Ulrich Pedersen, Merete Bjerrum, Ann Bygholm, Micah D J Peters
OBJECTIVE: To identify all published nutritional screening instruments that have been validated in the adult population in primary healthcare settings and to report on their psychometric validity. INTRODUCTION: Within health care, there is an urgent need for the systematic collection of nursing care data in order to make visible what nurses do and to facilitate comparison, quality assurance, management, research and funding of nursing care. To be effective, nursing records should accurately and comprehensively document all required information to support safe and high quality care of patients...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318084/how-does-frailty-factor-into-mortality-risk-assessment-of-a-middle-aged-and-geriatric-trauma-population
#2
Sanjit R Konda, Ariana Lott, Hesham Saleh, Sebastian Schubl, Jeffrey Chan, Kenneth A Egol
Introduction: Frailty in elderly trauma populations has been correlated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The Score for Trauma Triage in the Geriatric and Middle-Aged (STTGMA) is a validated mortality risk score that evaluates 4 major physiologic criteria: age, comorbidities, vital signs, and anatomic injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of additional frailty variables to the STTGMA tool would improve risk stratification of a middle-aged and elderly trauma population...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304748/revisiting-the-link-between-cognitive-decline-and-masticatory-dysfunction
#3
Chia-Shu Lin
Age-related decline in cognitive functions and dementia are major challenges in geriatric healthcare. Accumulating evidence from clinical, epidemiological and animal research suggests that tooth loss may be a risk factor for the decline of cognitive functions. This issue highlights the role of the brain-stomatognathic axis in geriatric medicine. Whether input from the stomatognathic apparatus can affect the brain remains an open debate. By revisiting the evidence published in the past five years, we argue that the hypothesis regarding the association between cognitive decline and masticatory dysfunction should be carefully interpreted...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304069/naso-and-oropharyngeal-bacterial-carriage-in-nursing-home-residents-impact-of-multimorbidity-and-functional-impairment
#4
Anja Kwetkat, Wolfgang Pfister, Diana Pansow, Mathias W Pletz, Cornel C Sieber, Heike Hoyer
OBJECTIVE: From April 2013 to February 2014 we performed a multicentre prospective cross-sectional study in 541 German nursing home residents. We determined pharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae (primary objective) and other bacteria (secondary objective) in naso- and oropharyngeal swabs by culture-based standard procedures and explored the influence of multimorbidity and functional status on bacterial carriage. METHODS: Socio-demographic data, vaccination status, multimorbidity, nutrition and functional status defined by Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment were evaluated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300435/orthostatic-hypotension-and-associated-factors-among-home-care-clients-aged-75-years-or-older-a-population-based-study
#5
A Luukkonen, M Tiihonen, T Rissanen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine orthostatic hypotension (OH) and associated factors among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 244 home care clients aged 75 years or older living in Eastern and Central Finland. MEASUREMENTS: Nurses, nutritionists and pharmacists collected clinical data including orthostatic blood pressure, depressive symptoms (15-item Geriatric Depression Scale GDS-15), nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA), drug use, self-rated health, daily activities (Barthel ADL Index and Lawton and Brody IADL scale) and self-rated ability to walk 400 metres...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299751/risk-factors-for-unplanned-discontinuation-of-scheduled-treatment-in-elderly-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-results-of-the-ibutu-study
#6
Friedemann Honecker, Ulrich Wedding, Gerd Kallischnigg, Axel Schroeder, Jörg Klier, Thomas Frangenheim, Lothar Weißbach
PURPOSE: To gain knowledge about the factors associated with discontinuation of scheduled treatment in elderly men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). METHODS: Patients ≥ 70 years with CRPC starting a new line of treatment were included in a prospective cohort study. A geriatric assessment (CGA) was performed at baseline, including comorbidity, mobility, functional/mental/nutritional status, as well as depression. Furthermore, pain intensity, quality of life, ECOG-performance status, and physicians' and patients' perception of health were documented...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285430/changes-in-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-and-risk-of-major-adverse-cardiac-and-cerebrovascular-events-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#7
Mi Jung Lee, Young Eun Kwon, Kyoung Sook Park, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Shin-Wook Kang, Hyung Jong Kim, Tae-Hyun Yoo
Background: Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) is a validated nutritional assessment method, and lower GNRI values are closely associated with adverse clinical outcomes in dialysis patients. This study investigated the impact of changes in GNRI during the first year of dialysis on cardiovascular outcomes in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Methods: We reviewed medical records in 133 incident PD patients to determine GNRI at the start of PD and after 12 months...
December 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278280/texture-modified-diets-are-associated-with-decreased-muscle-mass-in-older-adults-admitted-to-a-rehabilitation-ward
#8
Akio Shimizu, Keisuke Maeda, Kei Tanaka, Mei Ogawa, Jun Kayashita
AIM: Texture-modified diets (TMD) have significantly lower energy and protein content than normal diets. Therefore, TMD can cause malnutrition and loss of muscle mass. However, few studies have reported the relationship between TMD and decreased skeletal muscle mass. The aim of the present study was to clarify the association between TMD and decreased skeletal muscle mass. METHODS: We reviewed data of 188 older adult patients who were admitted to a rehabilitation hospital...
December 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274640/effectiveness-of-the-malnutrition-quality-improvement-initiative-on-practitioner-malnutrition-knowledge-and-screening-diagnosis-and-timeliness-of-malnutrition-related-care-provided-to-older-adults-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-facility-a-pilot-study
#9
Heidi J Silver, Kelsey Jones Pratt, Michelle Bruno, Joe Lynch, Kristi Mitchell, Sharon M McCauley
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is present in 30% to 50% of hospitalized patients aged 60 years or older. As few as 3.2% of patients identified as high risk have a malnutrition diagnosis documented by medical providers. The Malnutrition Quality Improvement Initiative (MQii) aims to reduce the burden of hospital malnutrition by improving the process and delivery of care. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate implementing the MQii toolkit of best practice resources for screening, diagnosis, documentation, and timeliness of malnutrition care...
January 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260400/no-modifying-effect-of-nutritional-status-on-statins-therapy-in-relation-to-all-cause-death-in-older-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Bao-Tao Huang, Fang-Yang Huang, Xiao-Bo Pu, Tian-Li Xia, Yong Peng, Fei Chen, Yong Yang, Yan-Biao Liao, Mao Chen
BACKGROUND: Statins therapy in the secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with a lower risk of adverse cardiovascular events. However, little is known regarding the association of elderly patients with nutritional risk on statin therapy. AIMS: To investigate whether older patients with CAD who were at nutritional risk gain similar survival benefit from statins therapy as their counterparts without nutritional risk. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective hospital-based cohort study among 1705 patients with CAD who were older than 65 years of age, using coronary heart disease database from 2008 to 2012...
December 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248435/delphi-consensus-of-an-expert-committee-in-oncogeriatrics-regarding-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-seniors-with-cancer-in-spain
#11
Maria-Jose Molina-Garrido, Carmen Guillén-Ponce, Remei Blanco, Juana Saldaña, Jaime Feliú, Maite Antonio, Rosa López-Mongil, Primitivo Ramos Cordero, Regina Gironés
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to reach a national consensus in Spain regarding the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) domains in older oncological patients and the CGA scales to be used as a foundation for widespread use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Delphi method was implemented to attain consensus. Representatives of the panel were chosen from among the members of the Oncogeriatric Working Group of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM). Consensus was defined as ≥66...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235230/multidimensional-factors-associated-with-the-loss-of-independence-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#12
Mai Kabayama, Hiroshi Mikami, Kei Kamide
AIM: To clarify the factors associated with loss of independence multidimensionally over a 3-year period among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The survey was exclusively carried out by the local government for people aged >65 years who were independent at baseline living in H-City, a mid-sized urban city in Japan. The participants completed a self-administered postal questionnaire, and we obtained data regarding their loss of independence from administrative records 3 years later...
December 13, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#13
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219829/prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-in-a-dutch-geriatric-migrant-population
#14
C L Brederveld, J P van Campen, N van der Velde
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) rises with age. Migrants are potentially at higher risk for IDA because of differences in intake and uptake as well as their higher comorbid status. We assessed whether geriatric Turkish and Moroccan migrants have a higher prevalence of low iron status and IDA. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study in a geriatric outpatient clinic (2012-2015). In total, 188 consecutive Turkish and Moroccan migrants aged ≥ 65 years were included and matched with 188 Dutch controls...
October 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218839/association-between-number-of-teeth-use-of-dentures-and-musculoskeletal-frailty-among-older-adults
#15
Seoyoung Lee, Wael Sabbah
AIM: To assess whether there is a relationship between musculoskeletal frailty and number of teeth/denture use, and whether nutritional intake explains this relationship, in a sample of older Americans. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011/2012 were used. Handgrip strength was used to show musculoskeletal frailty. Number of teeth and denture use were examined by calibrated dentists. Information on sociodemographic factors, nutrients intake and general health status were collected through interviews...
December 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214924/different-protein-and-derivatives-supplementation-strategies-combined-with-resistance-training-in-pre-frail-and-frail-elderly-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-pro-elderly-study
#16
Alan Lins Fernandes, Ana Paula Hayashi, José Claudio Jambassi-Filho, Mariana Dutilh de Capitani, Davi Alves de Santana, Bruno Gualano, Hamilton Roschel
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a multifactorial geriatric syndrome characterized by progressive decline in health and associated with decreased muscle mass, strength, and functional capacity. Resistance training (RT) combined with protein or amino acids supplementation has been shown to be promising for mitigating age-related impairments. AIM: To investigate the chronic effects of different strategies of protein and derivatives supplementation in association with RT on selected health-related parameters in pre-frail and frail elderly...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212959/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-at-risk-for-heart-failure
#17
Masatoshi Minamisawa, Takashi Miura, Hirohiko Motoki, Yasushi Ueki, Hitoshi Nishimura, Kunihiko Shimizu, Wataru Shoin, Mikiko Harada, Tomoaki Mochidome, Keisuke Senda, Koji Yoshie, Yasutaka Oguchi, Naoto Hashizume, Naoyuki Abe, Tatsuya Saigusa, Soichiro Ebisawa, Atsushi Izawa, Jun Koyama, Uichi Ikeda, Koichiro Kuwahara
BACKGROUND: The geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) is a simple and objective nutritional assessment tool for elderly patients. Lower GNRI values are associated with a worse prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF). However, few data are available regarding the prognostic effect of the GNRI value for risk stratification in patients at risk for HF.Methods and Results:We retrospectively investigated 1,823 consecutive patients at risk for HF (Stage A/B) enrolled in the IMPACT-ABI Study...
December 6, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208341/hemodynamic-correlates-of-nutritional-indexes-in-heart-failure
#18
Yu Horiuchi, Shuzou Tanimoto, Taishi Okuno, Jiro Aoki, Kazuyuki Yahagi, Yu Sato, Tetsu Tanaka, Keita Koseki, Kota Komiyama, Hiroyoshi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Hara, Kengo Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in heart failure (HF) is related to altered intestinal function, which could be due to hemodynamic changes. We investigated the usefulness of novel nutritional indexes in relation to hemodynamic parameters. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 139 HF patients with reduced ejection fraction who underwent right heart catheterization. We investigated correlations between right side pressures and nutritional indexes, which include controlling nutritional (CONUT) score and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203430/optimization-of-perioperative-management-of-proximal-femoral-fracture-in-the-elderly
#19
REVIEW
P Merloz
Proximal femoral fracture in elderly subjects is a major event that is life-threatening in the medium-to-long term. Advanced age, male gender and number of comorbidities largely account for high mortality and require geriatric expertise. Protein-energy malnutrition and bone demineralization increase mortality. Mortality can, on the other hand, be reduced by acting on two variables accessible to medical intervention: daily activities and nutritional status. Functional and neurocognitive assessment allow the risk of dependency to be evaluated, and global geriatric work-up can prevent sudden breakdown of homeostasis...
December 1, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197308/dramatic-reduction-in-30-day-readmissions-through-high-risk-screening-and-two-phase-interdisciplinary-care
#20
Mabel Labrada, Michael J Mintzer, Chandana Karanam, Raquel Castellanos, Lorinda Cruz, Minh Hoang, Regina Wieger, Enrique Aguilar, Hermes Florez, Jorge G Ruiz
OBJECTIVES: Thirty-day readmissions are common, serious, and costly. Most important, often they are preventable. The purpose of this quality improvement study was to evaluate an interdisciplinary, two-phase intervention to reduce 30-day readmissions among high-risk medical patients. One or two high-risk patients were selected each weekday by a hospitalist using literature-based, locally tested criteria that included common medical illnesses, active psychiatric illness, and recent or recurrent hospital admissions...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
89730
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"