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Parasitic intestinal infestations

Asifa Wali, Masood-Ul Hassan Balkhi, Rafia Maqbool, Mohammed Maqbool Darzi, Feroz Ahmad Shah, Farooz Ahmad Bhat, Bilal Ahmad Bhat
The present study was undertaken to determine the incidence of helminth parasites in fishes with special reference to water quality parameters in Dal Lake and River Jhelum and correlate the observations. Water, fish, and parasite samples were collected during different seasons from various sites and processed. Three fish species, namely, Schizothorax niger Heckel 1838, Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838, and Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838, were recovered from these water bodies. The physicochemical parameters temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and free carbon dioxide showed variation vis-à-vis the season and location of the stations in water bodies...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
A Nematollahi, S Jaberi, J Ashrafi Helan, N Sheikhzadeh
During March 2012 through February 2013, 100 freshwater ornamental fishes in 22 species from some aquarium fish shops were examined. Specimens were dissected and tissue samples consisted of liver, kidney, spleen, heart, intestine, ovary, brain and eye were fixed in 10 % buffered formalin and sections were provided and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Periodic Acid-Schiff, Giemsa and acid-fast staining (Ziehl-Neelsen). At present study six species of protozoans consisting of Eimeria spp. Cryptosporidium spp...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Tong-Soo Kim, Jhang Ho Pak, Jong-Bo Kim, Young Yil Bahk
Parasitic diseases remain an unarguable public health problem in the world. Liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis is a high risk pathogenic parasitic helminth endemic predominantly in Asian countries, including Korea, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and the far eastern part of Russia, which still actively transmitted. According to the last 8th National Survey on the Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections in 2012, C. sinensis, whose prevalence was 1.86% in general population, revealed the highest prevalence parasite among all parasite species surveyed in Korea...
July 7, 2016: BMB Reports
G I Izvekova, M M Solovyev
The activity and spectrum of proteinases in the intestines of host fishes change upon infestation with cestodes. Serine proteinases are found to make a greater contribution to the total proteolytic activity. The reduction of proteolytic activity is associated with adsorption of the enzymes of the host on the surface of cestodes, and the increase in the activity is caused by the injury of the intestinal mucosa by the attachment apparatuses of cestodes. The inhibition of proteainase activity indicates the possible participation of microbiota enzymes in protein hydrolyses...
March 2016: Izvestiia Akademii Nauk. Seriia Biologicheskaia
Liv Sandlund, Frank Nilsen, Rune Male, Sussie Dalvin
The function of the ecdysone receptor (EcR) during development and molting has been thoroughly investigated in some arthropods such as insects but rarely in crustacean copepods such as the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis (L. salmonis) (Copepoda, Caligidae). The salmon louse is an ectoparasite on Atlantic salmon that has major economical impact in aquaculture due to the cost of medical treatment methods to remove lice from the fish. Handling of salmon louse infestations is further complicated by development of resistance towards available medicines...
August 2016: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Dikeledi P Malatji, Anna M Tsotetsi, Este van Marle-Koster, Farai C Muchadeyi
The majority of rural households in developing countries own village chickens that are reared under traditional scavenging systems with few inputs and exposure to various parasitic infestations. Understanding of the village chicken farming system and its influence on helminth infestation is a prerequisite for optimal prevention and control strategies. This study investigated the village chicken production system and associated gastrointestinal parasites in 87 households from Limpopo (n = 39) and KwaZulu-Natal (n = 48) provinces of South Africa...
2016: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
Andressa Noronha Barbosa-Silva, Antonia Cláudia Jácome da Câmara, Kiev Martins, Daniela Ferreira Nunes, Pedro Igor Câmara de Oliveira, Paulo Roberto Medeiros de Azevedo, Egler Chiari, Lúcia Maria da Cunha Galvão
INTRODUCTION Natural and artificial ecotope infestation by the kissing bug triatomines and their colonization and infection by Trypanosoma cruzi , the Chagas disease agent, were evaluated in nine municipalities of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. METHODS Following identification, triatomine intestinal contents were analyzed by direct microscopic examination, xenoculture, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for parasite detection. Trypanosoma cruzi isolates were genotyped using three different markers...
February 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Sylvia L Mayr, Kristina Maier, Jana Müller, Dirk Enderlein, Achim D Gruber, Michael Lierz
Sarcocystis is a large genus of protozoan parasites with complex heteroxenous life cycles. For many species, either the intermediate or the definitive host is still unknown. In this study, 116 Accipiter hawks (Eurasian sparrowhawks and northern goshawks) were investigated for the presence of Sarcocystis spp. in their intestinal tract or their faeces. To gain a wide distribution, samples were collected throughout Germany within 2 years. It was possible to detect Sarcocystis-like oocysts in 65 samples. Sequencing of the ITS region or species-specific PCR identified 33 samples as Sarcocystis turdusi/Sarcocystis sp...
August 2016: Parasitology Research
Yuko Mabuchi, Theresa L Frankel
Racing pigeons are exposed to and act as carriers of diseases. Dietary protein requirement for their maintenance has not been determined experimentally despite their being domesticated for over 7000 years. A maintenance nitrogen (protein) requirement (MNR) for pigeons was determined in a balance study using diets containing 6, 10 and 14% crude protein (CP). Then, the effects of feeding the diets were investigated to determine whether they were adequate to sustain innate and acquired immune functions. Nitrogen intake from the 6% CP diet was sufficient to maintain nitrogen balance and body weight in pigeons...
March 2016: Royal Society Open Science
P Kapur, A K Das, P R Kapur, M Dudeja
Protozoal infections are common in the tropics. Amoebic colitis is the commonest of these infections and can lead to liver abscess as a complication. Balantidium coli is a rare free moving protozoal parasite which is known to infest human large intestine causing a type of colitis very similar to that caused by Entamoeba histolytica. However this pathogen is not known to cause liver invasion in humans. We report here a case of liver abscess caused by B. coli, which is probably the first such case reported in Indian literature...
March 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Lilian S Catenacci, Adriana C Colosio, Leonardo C Oliveira, Kristel M De Vleeschouwer, Alexandre D Munhoz, Sharon L Deem, Jaqueline M S Pinto
Parasite prevalence and abundance are important factors affecting species' conservation. During necropsies on a free-living golden-headed lion tamarin ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ) and two Wied's marmosets ( Callithrix kuhlii ) in the Atlantic Forest of southern Bahia, Brazil, we collected a large number of adult intestinal parasites that we identified as Prosthenorchis elegans. This parasite is pathogenic for neotropical primates. Prosthenorchis spp. infestation is influenced by diet with increased risk of exposure from ingesting invertebrate intermediate hosts...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Papa Kofi Amissah-Reynolds, Isaac Monney, Lucy Mawusi Adowah, Samuel Opoku Agyemang
Dogs are popular pets that live closely with humans. However, this cohabitation allows for the transmission of zoonotic parasites to humans. In Ghana, very little is known about zoonotic parasites in dogs. We examined excrements of 154 dogs for intestinal helminthes using saturated sodium chloride as a floatation medium and further interviewed 100 dog owners regarding knowledge on zoonosis and pet management practices. Thirteen parasite species were identified, with an overall prevalence of 52.6%. Nematodes were more common than cestodes, with Toxocara canis being the most prevalent helminth (18...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
Klaudiusz Szczepaniak, Anna Łojszczyk-Szczepaniak, Krzysztof Tomczuk, Tomasz Skrzypek, Barbara Lisiak, Zahrai Abd-Al-Hammza Abbass
BACKGROUND: Several species of trichomonads are intestinal or urogenital parasites of humans and animals, with only a few species typically being located in the oral cavity. The prevalence of oral trichomoniasis in dogs is approximately 15-25 %, although the prevalence varies among different populations and depends on age, sex and the health of the oral cavity. CASE PRESENTATION: A case of mandibular gland infestation by trichomonads in a 13-year-old female Dachshund with advanced periodontal disease and oral trichomoniasis is reported...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Kalthoum Dridi, Najla Fakhfakh, Sleh Belhadj, Emira Kaouech, Kalthoum Kallel, Emna Chaker
BACKGROUND: In order to fight digestive parasitism in Tunisia, a national program of surveillance of non-permanent resident students in Tunisia has been found to detect these parasitosis in this target population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis among non-permanent resident students in Tunisia, to identify the different parasitic species founded and to show the interest of this screening. METHODS: During a period of 23 years (1990-2012), 7386 parasitological examinations of stools has been made among students essentially from or had visited tropical Africa, Maghreb and Middle-East, at the laboratory of Parasitology-Mycology at the Rabta Hospital of Tunis...
July 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
Sergey A Dzugan, Konstantine S Dzugan
OBJECTIVE: In 2002 we suggested a new hypothesis of migraine. This hypothesis implies that migraine is a consequence of a loss of neurohormonal and metabolic integrity. The goal of this clinical analysis is to present the evaluation of the effect of a multimodal treatment program in migraine management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated 30 patients ages 16-66 with migraine who were treated with a multimodal treatment program. All patients received a complex program which included: hormonorestorative therapy (HT) with bio-identical hormones; correction of balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic systems and simultaneously calcium/magnesium balance; "resetting" the pineal gland; improvement of intestinal absorption through restoration of normal intestinal flora, and a cleanse from parasitic infestation (if necessary)...
2015: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Olusola Adetunji Oyedeji, Ebun Adejuyigbe, Samuel Olorunyomi Oninla, Abiodum Akeem Akindele, Samuel Adeyinka Adedokun, Efeturi Agelebe
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitoses are common amongst people living in developing countries. They may impact negatively on the growth and health of immune competent children. There is paucity of information on the association between HIV and intestinal parasitoses in African children. OBJECTIVE: To identify the intestinal infections responsible for infections in HIV infected children and document characteristics of HIV infected children at a Nigerian teaching hospital...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jordi Torres, Catarina Eira, Jordi Miquel, Dolors Ferrer-Maza, Eulàlia Delgado, Margarida Casadevall
The capacity for heavy metal bioaccumulation by some fish parasites has been demonstrated, and their contribution to decreasing metal concentrations in tissues of parasitized fish has been hypothesized. The present study evaluated the effect of the cestode Clestobothrium crassiceps on the accumulation of trace elements in 30 European hake, Merluccius merluccius, in Spain (half of them infested by C. crassiceps). Tissue samples from all M. merluccius and specimens of C. crassiceps from the infected hakes were collected and stored until element analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
October 28, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Teresa Sulgostowska, Krzysztof Solarz, Grażyna Madej, Krzysztof Klimaszewski
Common dung beetles collected in the "Sobieski Forest" (eastern border of Warsaw suburbs) were examined for the occurrence and prevalence of infections or infestations with intestinal parasites and phoretic mites in relation to soil characteristics and quality of the forest habitat. Endoparasitic fauna was represented by gregarines Didymophyes paradoxa, microsporidians Plistophora geotrupina and cysticerkoids of 2 tapeworms - Ditestolepis diaphana and Staphylocystis furcate. Prevalence of these infections was higher for beetles collected from rich habitats...
December 2015: Acta Parasitologica
Wasim Ahmed, Mushtaq Ahmad, Faridullah Shah
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of intestinal protozoan and worm infestation in children of families having migrated due to military operation. METHODS: The cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in Cantonment Military Hospital, Bannu, from August 4 to October 24, 2014, and comprised children of either gender aged 6-16 years belonging to families of internally displaced persons belonging to Miraliand Miranshah in North Waziristan Agency. Stool specimens were collected and examined by direct light microscopy for the assessment of intestinal protozoan and worm infestation...
September 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
María Beltrán Fabián, José Somocursio Peralta, Natalia Coras Álvarez, David Alfaro Lossio, Rubén Cahua Serrano, Kathia Tarqui Terrones, Manuel Céspedes Zambrano, Sara Estrada Beltrán
Plerocercoidosis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by plerocercoid larvae of the genus Spirometra. The larvae migrate through the intestinal wall tissue, by subcutaneous route and can reach different areas of the body like the head, the brain and the eye socket. A case is reported of a 45 year-old man from the Peruvian Amazon with burning sensation associated with conjunctival edema and hemorrhage in the outer eye border of the right eye for eleven months. A localized worm in the right orbital cavity was observed, which was extracted...
April 2015: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
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