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Parasitic intestinal infestations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335029/estimating-the-proportion-of-clinically-diagnosed-infectious-and-non-infectious-animal-diseases-in-ganta-afeshum-woreda-eastern-tigray-zone-ethiopia
#1
Mebrahtu Tedla, Mebrahtu Gebreselassie
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed with the objective of identifying the proportion of emerging and endemic livestock diseases using cross sectional survey. RESULT: A total of 285 clinically diseased animals were presented to a veterinary clinic and diagnosed tentatively based on history, clinical sign, and simple laboratory diagnostics and from the study, actinomycosis (15.83%), mastitis (15%), tick infestation (10%), respiratory diseases (9.16%) and gastro intestinal parasitism (9...
January 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317890/enterobius-vermicularis-in-the-endometrium-of-the-uterus-a-case-report
#2
Biserka Pigac, Silvija Mašić, Valentina Mašić
Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal nematode of humans and the most common helminth infection. Main transmission path is direct contact between infected and uninfected person meaning ingestion of the eggs. Human infections are usually asymptomatic or manifest as perianal itching. Although ectopic locations are uncommon, Enterobius can occasionally be detected in appendix, kidney, male urinary tract and female genital tract. We present a case from Varaždin General Hospital, Varaždin, Croatia in 2012, involving a 90-yr-old female patient who underwent hysterectomy leading to accidental finding of E...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285574/clostridium-difficile-related-postinfectious-ibs-a-case-of-enteroglial-microbiological-stalking-and-or-the-solution-of-a-conundrum
#3
EDITORIAL
Gabrio Bassotti, Lara Macchioni, Lanfranco Corazzi, Pierfrancesco Marconi, Katia Fettucciari
Post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome is a well-defined pathological entity that develops in about one-third of subjects after an acute infection (bacterial, viral) or parasitic infestation. Only recently it has been documented that an high incidence of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome occurs after Clostridium difficile infection. However, until now it is not known why in some patients recovered from this infection the gastrointestinal disturbances persist for months or years. Based on our in vitro studies on enteric glial cells exposed to the effects of C...
December 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216181/case-report-a-rare-case-of-urinary-myiasis-induced-by-the-fourth-instar-larvae-of-telmatoscopus-albipunctatus
#4
Beibei Zhang, Lifu Wang, Jiahua Liu, Lian Xu, Langui Song, Xiaoying Wu, Xi Sun, Zhongdao Wu
Telmatoscopus albipunctatus, a cosmopolitan fly, is widely distributed throughout moist environments. It is one of the most medically important insects (especially in urban environments) that may potentially cause myiasis. Urinary myiasis and other sites of infestation, including the intestine, nasal passages, lung, and derma, have been reported. This is the first case report of a Chinese middlescent woman infected with T. albipunctatus in Guangzhou, China. In the present report, a 50-year-old woman came to The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China, because larvae were found when urinating in the morning; this had occurred every two days within the past two months...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057116/prevalence-of-intestinal-helminths-infestation-in-children-attending-princess-marie-louise-children-s-hospital-in-accra-ghana
#5
Robert Mirisho, Margaret L Neizer, Bismark Sarfo
The deworming exercise program does not cover all children who are not in school. This study determined the prevalence and species type of helminth infestation and associated factors among children attending Princess Marie Louise Children's Hospital in Accra, Ghana. Children (225) below the age of 10 who have not taken antihelminthic drugs prior to the study period were recruited between May and June 2015. Children or guardians were interviewed using structured questionnaires and fresh stools were collected and processed for helminths species identification using microscopy...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983415/bilharzial-arthropathy-rare-cause-of-chronic-arthritis-in-tropical-areas
#6
Hoby N Rakotomalala, Maminirina V Ranaivoarison, Francia Andrianjafison, Dimby S Ralandison
Bilharziasis is a parasitic disease that affects the urinary tract and intestines. Finding bilharzia in joints is exceptional. We report two cases of Malagasy patients living in a highly endemic bilharziasis area and having chronic arthritis due to bilharziasis. The first case was a 32-year-old man presenting with a clinical picture of spondylitis with chronic oligoarthritis and paroxysmal asymmetric in his lower limbs, accompanied with sacroiliac pain and episodic dysentery. We retained the diagnosis of bilharziasis arthritis because of positive schistosomiasis serology in the joint fluid and the blood, poor response to therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and high efficacy of treatment with specific antiparasitic drugs...
September 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965699/-giardia-duodenalis-and-its-involvement-in-skin-diseases
#7
REVIEW
P Humbert, A Guichard, I Bennani, S Chiheb
BACKGOUND: Over the last thirty years, the scientific community has become increasingly interested in the intestinal flora, whether commensal or pathogenic, and its impact on other organs. In dermatology, the correlation between intestinal microbial agents and cutaneous lesions is well established. Giardia duodenalis, an intestinal parasite, has been particularly widely studied. The aim of this work is to provide a review of studies demonstrating the involvement of G. duodenalis in various forms of dermatosis...
November 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641950/cholinergic-signaling-plasticity-maintains-viscerosensory-responses-during-aspiculuris-tetraptera-infection-in-mice-small-intestine
#8
Egina C Villalobos-Hernández, Carlos Barajas-López, Elizabeth A Martínez-Salazar, Roberto C Salgado-Delgado, Marcela Miranda-Morales
Intestinal parasites alter gastrointestinal (GI) functions like the cholinergic function. Aspiculuris tetraptera is a pinworm frequently observed in laboratory facilities, which infests the mice cecum and proximal colon. However, little is known about the impact of this infection on the GI sensitivity. Here, we investigated possible changes in spontaneous mesenteric nerve activity and on the mechanosensitivity function of worm-free regions of naturally infected mice with A. tetraptera. Infection increased the basal firing of mesenteric afferent nerves in jejunum...
September 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615884/intestinal-parasitic-infestation-among-paediatric-diarrhoea-patients-attending-hospitals-in-port-blair-andaman-and-nicobar-islands
#9
Ramanathan Thamizhmani, Attayur Purushottaman Sugunan, P Ramya Raghvan, Paluru Vijayachari
Acute childhood diarrhoea remains one of the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of various intestinal parasitic infestation among children aged 5 years and less suffering from acute diarrhoea disease attending hospitals in Andaman Islands. During the period from January 2012 to December 2013, a total of 675 acute diarrhoea patients were included in the study. Among these samples, 476 (70.5, 95 % CI 66.9, 73...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484564/hydatid-cysts-in-the-right-temporalis-muscle-an-exceptional-clinical-scenario
#10
Sanjeev Attry, Raghavendra Nayak, S K Saha, S N Ghosh
Hydatid diseases is a parasitic infestation of human and herbivorous animals caused by a cestode, Echinococcus granulosus, which resides in the intestine of definitive hosts like dogs and some wild carnivores like foxes. Liver and lung are commonly involved organs and involvement of muscles and bones is very unusual. Hydatid cyst of the temporalis muscle is extremely rare, even in the countries where echinococcal infestation is endemic. We report a case of 23-year-old female patient with a cystic swelling in the right temporalis muscle which turned out to be hydatid cysts...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385012/eosinophilic-encephalomyelitis-in-horses-caused-by-protostrongylid-parasites
#11
Eun-Jung Bak, Young-Hwa Jean, Gye-Hyeong Woo
Four thoroughbred horses showing lameness, ataxia, circling, depression, recumbency, and seizures, were submitted. The horses had grossly weak to dark red appearances and foci in the central nervous system. Multifocal to coalescing eosinophilic necrotizing encephalomyelitis was observed histologically in the CNS as well as intact or degenerated nematodes. Nematodes had polymyarian-coelomyarian musculature, a smooth thin cuticle, and intestines lined by multinucleated cells with microvilli. These traits suggested the nematodes belonged to the family Protostrongylidae, which includes P...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316390/sem-studies-on-acanthocephalan-parasite-echinorhynchus-veli-infecting-the-fish-synaptura-orientalis-bl-sch-1801
#12
S H Sheema, M V John, P V George
Echinorhynchus veli (George and Nadakal, 1978), an acanthocephalid worm infesting the estuarine flat fish, Synaptura orientalis, was collected from the Veli lake, Kerala. The parasite was recovered from the intestine of the host fish. The detailed surface morphology was studied with the help of scanning electron microscope. The study revealed a cylindrical, medially swollen proboscis with a flat apex, backward directed hooks, each with smooth surface, broad base, pointed tip and an epidermal elevation at the point of insertion...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251544/-malaria-and-intestinal-parasitosis-in-pregnant-woman-at-abobo-district-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#13
G Coulibaly, K P Yao, M Koffi, B A Ahouty, L K Louhourignon, M N'Cho, E K N'Goran
A prospective study was carried out from 2010 to 2012 at the Hôpital Général d'Abobo (HGA) in Abidjan, in order to determine the impact of infectious and parasitic diseases on child cognitive development. Blood samples were examined by means of thick drop and blood smear; as for stool by direct examination and concentration by formalin-ether method. We evaluated the prevalence, the parasite load of malaria and gastrointestinal parasites; then we investigated the risk factors for these disorders. Overall, 331 pregnant women in the last trimester of their pregnancy were enrolled...
May 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144618/you-are-what-you-eat-a-case-of-nematode-induced-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#14
Mona Rezapour, Nikhil Agarwal
Human anisakiasis is acquired through eating raw or undercooked saltwater fish or squid. Infestation with living larvae caused by eating parasitized fish often times results in gastroenteritis. It mainly involves the stomach and small intestine with no reported cases of eosinophilic esophagitis caused by Anisakidea. A 41-year-old man presented for the evaluation of 1 year of dysphagia to solid foods and was found to have endoscopic findings consistent with eosinophilic esophagitis with pathology showing 100 eosinophils per high-power field...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080916/aerobic-microflora-and-endoparasites-of-freshly-shot-wild-agouti-dasyprocta-leporina-in-trinidad-west-indies
#15
Rod Suepaul, Roxanne Charles, Francis Dziva
The agouti ( Dasyprocta leporina ) is a New World wild rodent hunted for its meat in Trinidad and other Latin American countries. Studies on agouti under captive conditions have yielded some data on health-related aspects, but relatively very little is known about their wild counterparts. The environment of the agouti can influence the microflora and parasites harbored by the animals, which may contain zoonotic pathogens. Here, the microflora found on the nasal mucosa and sections of the intestinal tract and endoparasites of freshly shot agouti from various areas of Trinidad are described...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738522/distribution-of-helminth-parasites-in-intestines-and-their-seasonal-rate-of-infestation-in-three-freshwater-fishes-of-kashmir
#16
Asifa Wali, Masood-Ul Hassan Balkhi, Rafia Maqbool, Mohammed Maqbool Darzi, Feroz Ahmad Shah, Farooz Ahmad Bhat, Bilal Ahmad Bhat
The present study was undertaken to determine the incidence of helminth parasites in fishes with special reference to water quality parameters in Dal Lake and River Jhelum and correlate the observations. Water, fish, and parasite samples were collected during different seasons from various sites and processed. Three fish species, namely, Schizothorax niger Heckel 1838, Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838, and Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838, were recovered from these water bodies. The physicochemical parameters temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and free carbon dioxide showed variation vis-à-vis the season and location of the stations in water bodies...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605779/histopathological-study-on-parasites-in-freshwater-ornamental-fishes-in-iran
#17
A Nematollahi, S Jaberi, J Ashrafi Helan, N Sheikhzadeh
During March 2012 through February 2013, 100 freshwater ornamental fishes in 22 species from some aquarium fish shops were examined. Specimens were dissected and tissue samples consisted of liver, kidney, spleen, heart, intestine, ovary, brain and eye were fixed in 10 % buffered formalin and sections were provided and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Periodic Acid-Schiff, Giemsa and acid-fast staining (Ziehl-Neelsen). At present study six species of protozoans consisting of Eimeria spp. Cryptosporidium spp...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418285/clonorchis-sinensis-an-oriental-liver-fluke-as-a-human-biological-agent-of-cholangiocarcinoma-a-brief-review
#18
REVIEW
Tong-Soo Kim, Jhang Ho Pak, Jong-Bo Kim, Young Yil Bahk
Parasitic diseases remain an unarguable public health problem worldwide. Liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis is a high risk pathogenic parasitic helminth which is endemic predominantly in Asian countries, including Korea, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and the far eastern parts of Russia, and is still actively transmitted. According to the earlier 8th National Survey on the Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections in 2012, C. sinensis was revealed as the parasite with highest prevalence of 1.86% in general population among all parasite species surveyed in Korea...
November 2016: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396179/-characteristics-of-the-effect-of-cestodes-parasitizing-the-fish-intestine-on-the-activity-of-the-host-proteinases
#19
G I Izvekova, M M Solovyev
The activity and spectrum of proteinases in the intestines of host fishes change upon infestation with cestodes. Serine proteinases are found to make a greater contribution to the total proteolytic activity. The reduction of proteolytic activity is associated with adsorption of the enzymes of the host on the surface of cestodes, and the increase in the activity is caused by the injury of the intestinal mucosa by the attachment apparatuses of cestodes. The inhibition of proteainase activity indicates the possible participation of microbiota enzymes in protein hydrolyses...
March 2016: Izvestiia Akademii Nauk. Seriia Biologicheskaia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345580/the-ecdysone-receptor-ecr-is-a-major-regulator-of-tissue-development-and-growth-in-the-marine-salmonid-ectoparasite-lepeophtheirus-salmonis-copepoda-caligidae
#20
Liv Sandlund, Frank Nilsen, Rune Male, Sussie Dalvin
The function of the ecdysone receptor (EcR) during development and molting has been thoroughly investigated in some arthropods such as insects but rarely in crustacean copepods such as the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis (L. salmonis) (Copepoda, Caligidae). The salmon louse is an ectoparasite on Atlantic salmon that has major economical impact in aquaculture due to the cost of medical treatment methods to remove lice from the fish. Handling of salmon louse infestations is further complicated by development of resistance towards available medicines...
August 2016: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
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