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Parasitic intestinal infestations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316390/sem-studies-on-acanthocephalan-parasite-echinorhynchus-veli-infecting-the-fish-synaptura-orientalis-bl-sch-1801
#1
S H Sheema, M V John, P V George
Echinorhynchus veli (George and Nadakal, 1978), an acanthocephalid worm infesting the estuarine flat fish, Synaptura orientalis, was collected from the Veli lake, Kerala. The parasite was recovered from the intestine of the host fish. The detailed surface morphology was studied with the help of scanning electron microscope. The study revealed a cylindrical, medially swollen proboscis with a flat apex, backward directed hooks, each with smooth surface, broad base, pointed tip and an epidermal elevation at the point of insertion...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251544/-malaria-and-intestinal-parasitosis-in-pregnant-woman-at-abobo-district-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#2
G Coulibaly, K P Yao, M Koffi, B A Ahouty, L K Louhourignon, M N'Cho, E K N'Goran
A prospective study was carried out from 2010 to 2012 at the Hôpital Général d'Abobo (HGA) in Abidjan, in order to determine the impact of infectious and parasitic diseases on child cognitive development. Blood samples were examined by means of thick drop and blood smear; as for stool by direct examination and concentration by formalin-ether method. We evaluated the prevalence, the parasite load of malaria and gastrointestinal parasites; then we investigated the risk factors for these disorders. Overall, 331 pregnant women in the last trimester of their pregnancy were enrolled...
March 1, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144618/you-are-what-you-eat-a-case-of-nematode-induced-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#3
Mona Rezapour, Nikhil Agarwal
Human anisakiasis is acquired through eating raw or undercooked saltwater fish or squid. Infestation with living larvae caused by eating parasitized fish often times results in gastroenteritis. It mainly involves the stomach and small intestine with no reported cases of eosinophilic esophagitis caused by Anisakidea. A 41-year-old man presented for the evaluation of 1 year of dysphagia to solid foods and was found to have endoscopic findings consistent with eosinophilic esophagitis with pathology showing 100 eosinophils per high-power field...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080916/aerobic-microflora-and-endoparasites-of-freshly-shot-wild-agouti-dasyprocta-leporina-in-trinidad-west-indies
#4
Rod Suepaul, Roxanne Charles, Francis Dziva
The agouti ( Dasyprocta leporina ) is a New World wild rodent hunted for its meat in Trinidad and other Latin American countries. Studies on agouti under captive conditions have yielded some data on health-related aspects, but relatively very little is known about their wild counterparts. The environment of the agouti can influence the microflora and parasites harbored by the animals, which may contain zoonotic pathogens. Here, the microflora found on the nasal mucosa and sections of the intestinal tract and endoparasites of freshly shot agouti from various areas of Trinidad are described...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738522/distribution-of-helminth-parasites-in-intestines-and-their-seasonal-rate-of-infestation-in-three-freshwater-fishes-of-kashmir
#5
Asifa Wali, Masood-Ul Hassan Balkhi, Rafia Maqbool, Mohammed Maqbool Darzi, Feroz Ahmad Shah, Farooz Ahmad Bhat, Bilal Ahmad Bhat
The present study was undertaken to determine the incidence of helminth parasites in fishes with special reference to water quality parameters in Dal Lake and River Jhelum and correlate the observations. Water, fish, and parasite samples were collected during different seasons from various sites and processed. Three fish species, namely, Schizothorax niger Heckel 1838, Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838, and Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838, were recovered from these water bodies. The physicochemical parameters temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and free carbon dioxide showed variation vis-à-vis the season and location of the stations in water bodies...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605779/histopathological-study-on-parasites-in-freshwater-ornamental-fishes-in-iran
#6
A Nematollahi, S Jaberi, J Ashrafi Helan, N Sheikhzadeh
During March 2012 through February 2013, 100 freshwater ornamental fishes in 22 species from some aquarium fish shops were examined. Specimens were dissected and tissue samples consisted of liver, kidney, spleen, heart, intestine, ovary, brain and eye were fixed in 10 % buffered formalin and sections were provided and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Periodic Acid-Schiff, Giemsa and acid-fast staining (Ziehl-Neelsen). At present study six species of protozoans consisting of Eimeria spp. Cryptosporidium spp...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418285/clonorchis-sinensis-an-oriental-liver-fluke-as-a-human-biological-agent-of-cholangiocarcinoma-a-brief-review
#7
REVIEW
Tong-Soo Kim, Jhang Ho Pak, Jong-Bo Kim, Young Yil Bahk
Parasitic diseases remain an unarguable public health problem worldwide. Liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis is a high risk pathogenic parasitic helminth which is endemic predominantly in Asian countries, including Korea, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and the far eastern parts of Russia, and is still actively transmitted. According to the earlier 8th National Survey on the Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections in 2012, C. sinensis was revealed as the parasite with highest prevalence of 1.86% in general population among all parasite species surveyed in Korea...
November 2016: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396179/-characteristics-of-the-effect-of-cestodes-parasitizing-the-fish-intestine-on-the-activity-of-the-host-proteinases
#8
G I Izvekova, M M Solovyev
The activity and spectrum of proteinases in the intestines of host fishes change upon infestation with cestodes. Serine proteinases are found to make a greater contribution to the total proteolytic activity. The reduction of proteolytic activity is associated with adsorption of the enzymes of the host on the surface of cestodes, and the increase in the activity is caused by the injury of the intestinal mucosa by the attachment apparatuses of cestodes. The inhibition of proteainase activity indicates the possible participation of microbiota enzymes in protein hydrolyses...
March 2016: Izvestiia Akademii Nauk. Seriia Biologicheskaia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345580/the-ecdysone-receptor-ecr-is-a-major-regulator-of-tissue-development-and-growth-in-the-marine-salmonid-ectoparasite-lepeophtheirus-salmonis-copepoda-caligidae
#9
Liv Sandlund, Frank Nilsen, Rune Male, Sussie Dalvin
The function of the ecdysone receptor (EcR) during development and molting has been thoroughly investigated in some arthropods such as insects but rarely in crustacean copepods such as the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis (L. salmonis) (Copepoda, Caligidae). The salmon louse is an ectoparasite on Atlantic salmon that has major economical impact in aquaculture due to the cost of medical treatment methods to remove lice from the fish. Handling of salmon louse infestations is further complicated by development of resistance towards available medicines...
August 2016: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247063/a-description-of-village-chicken-production-systems-and-prevalence-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-case-studies-in-limpopo-and-kwazulu-natal-provinces-of-south-africa
#10
Dikeledi P Malatji, Anna M Tsotetsi, Este van Marle-Koster, Farai C Muchadeyi
The majority of rural households in developing countries own village chickens that are reared under traditional scavenging systems with few inputs and exposure to various parasitic infestations. Understanding of the village chicken farming system and its influence on helminth infestation is a prerequisite for optimal prevention and control strategies. This study investigated the village chicken production system and associated gastrointestinal parasites in 87 households from Limpopo (n = 39) and KwaZulu-Natal (n = 48) provinces of South Africa...
May 12, 2016: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163565/characteristics-of-triatomine-infestation-and-natural-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-in-the-state-of-rio-grande-do-norte-brazil
#11
Andressa Noronha Barbosa-Silva, Antonia Cláudia Jácome da Câmara, Kiev Martins, Daniela Ferreira Nunes, Pedro Igor Câmara de Oliveira, Paulo Roberto Medeiros de Azevedo, Egler Chiari, Lúcia Maria da Cunha Galvão
INTRODUCTION Natural and artificial ecotope infestation by the kissing bug triatomines and their colonization and infection by Trypanosoma cruzi , the Chagas disease agent, were evaluated in nine municipalities of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. METHODS Following identification, triatomine intestinal contents were analyzed by direct microscopic examination, xenoculture, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for parasite detection. Trypanosoma cruzi isolates were genotyped using three different markers...
February 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083188/accipiter-hawks-accipitridae-confirmed-as-definitive-hosts-of-sarcocystis-turdusi-sarcocystis-cornixi-and-sarcocystis-sp-ex-phalacrocorax-carbo
#12
Sylvia L Mayr, Kristina Maier, Jana Müller, Dirk Enderlein, Achim D Gruber, Michael Lierz
Sarcocystis is a large genus of protozoan parasites with complex heteroxenous life cycles. For many species, either the intermediate or the definitive host is still unknown. In this study, 116 Accipiter hawks (Eurasian sparrowhawks and northern goshawks) were investigated for the presence of Sarcocystis spp. in their intestinal tract or their faeces. To gain a wide distribution, samples were collected throughout Germany within 2 years. It was possible to detect Sarcocystis-like oocysts in 65 samples. Sequencing of the ITS region or species-specific PCR identified 33 samples as Sarcocystis turdusi/Sarcocystis sp...
August 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069640/functions-of-innate-and-acquired-immune-system-are-reduced-in-domestic-pigeons-columba-livia-domestica-given-a-low-protein-diet
#13
Yuko Mabuchi, Theresa L Frankel
Racing pigeons are exposed to and act as carriers of diseases. Dietary protein requirement for their maintenance has not been determined experimentally despite their being domesticated for over 7000 years. A maintenance nitrogen (protein) requirement (MNR) for pigeons was determined in a balance study using diets containing 6, 10 and 14% crude protein (CP). Then, the effects of feeding the diets were investigated to determine whether they were adequate to sustain innate and acquired immune functions. Nitrogen intake from the 6% CP diet was sufficient to maintain nitrogen balance and body weight in pigeons...
March 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065613/balantidium-coli-liver-abscess-first-case-report-from-india
#14
P Kapur, A K Das, P R Kapur, M Dudeja
Protozoal infections are common in the tropics. Amoebic colitis is the commonest of these infections and can lead to liver abscess as a complication. Balantidium coli is a rare free moving protozoal parasite which is known to infest human large intestine causing a type of colitis very similar to that caused by Entamoeba histolytica. However this pathogen is not known to cause liver invasion in humans. We report here a case of liver abscess caused by B. coli, which is probably the first such case reported in Indian literature...
March 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981688/occurrence-of-prosthenorchis-elegans-in-free-living-primates-from-the-atlantic-forest-of-southern-bahia-brazil
#15
Lilian S Catenacci, Adriana C Colosio, Leonardo C Oliveira, Kristel M De Vleeschouwer, Alexandre D Munhoz, Sharon L Deem, Jaqueline M S Pinto
Parasite prevalence and abundance are important factors affecting species' conservation. During necropsies on a free-living golden-headed lion tamarin ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ) and two Wied's marmosets ( Callithrix kuhlii ) in the Atlantic Forest of southern Bahia, Brazil, we collected a large number of adult intestinal parasites that we identified as Prosthenorchis elegans. This parasite is pathogenic for neotropical primates. Prosthenorchis spp. infestation is influenced by diet with increased risk of exposure from ingesting invertebrate intermediate hosts...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941994/prevalence-of-helminths-in-dogs-and-owners-awareness-of-zoonotic-diseases-in-mampong-ashanti-ghana
#16
Papa Kofi Amissah-Reynolds, Isaac Monney, Lucy Mawusi Adowah, Samuel Opoku Agyemang
Dogs are popular pets that live closely with humans. However, this cohabitation allows for the transmission of zoonotic parasites to humans. In Ghana, very little is known about zoonotic parasites in dogs. We examined excrements of 154 dogs for intestinal helminthes using saturated sodium chloride as a floatation medium and further interviewed 100 dog owners regarding knowledge on zoonosis and pet management practices. Thirteen parasite species were identified, with an overall prevalence of 52.6%. Nematodes were more common than cestodes, with Toxocara canis being the most prevalent helminth (18...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887317/canine-trichomonas-tenax-mandibular-gland-infestation
#17
Klaudiusz Szczepaniak, Anna Łojszczyk-Szczepaniak, Krzysztof Tomczuk, Tomasz Skrzypek, Barbara Lisiak, Zahrai Abd-Al-Hammza Abbass
BACKGROUND: Several species of trichomonads are intestinal or urogenital parasites of humans and animals, with only a few species typically being located in the oral cavity. The prevalence of oral trichomoniasis in dogs is approximately 15-25 %, although the prevalence varies among different populations and depends on age, sex and the health of the oral cavity. CASE PRESENTATION: A case of mandibular gland infestation by trichomonads in a 13-year-old female Dachshund with advanced periodontal disease and oral trichomoniasis is reported...
February 18, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26757499/-intestinal-parasitosis-among-non-permanent-resident-students-in-tunisia-a-review-of-23-years-of-monitoring-in-the-department-of-parasitology-mycology-at-the-rabta-hospital-of-tunisia
#18
Kalthoum Dridi, Najla Fakhfakh, Sleh Belhadj, Emira Kaouech, Kalthoum Kallel, Emna Chaker
BACKGROUND: In order to fight digestive parasitism in Tunisia, a national program of surveillance of non-permanent resident students in Tunisia has been found to detect these parasitosis in this target population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis among non-permanent resident students in Tunisia, to identify the different parasitic species founded and to show the interest of this screening. METHODS: During a period of 23 years (1990-2012), 7386 parasitological examinations of stools has been made among students essentially from or had visited tropical Africa, Maghreb and Middle-East, at the laboratory of Parasitology-Mycology at the Rabta Hospital of Tunis...
July 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26707041/is-migraine-a-consequence-of-a-loss-of-neurohormonal-and-metabolic-integrity-a-new-hypothesis
#19
Sergey A Dzugan, Konstantine S Dzugan
OBJECTIVE: In 2002 we suggested a new hypothesis of migraine. This hypothesis implies that migraine is a consequence of a loss of neurohormonal and metabolic integrity. The goal of this clinical analysis is to present the evaluation of the effect of a multimodal treatment program in migraine management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated 30 patients ages 16-66 with migraine who were treated with a multimodal treatment program. All patients received a complex program which included: hormonorestorative therapy (HT) with bio-identical hormones; correction of balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic systems and simultaneously calcium/magnesium balance; "resetting" the pineal gland; improvement of intestinal absorption through restoration of normal intestinal flora, and a cleanse from parasitic infestation (if necessary)...
2015: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26673562/intestinal-parasitoses-in-hiv-infected-children-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#20
Olusola Adetunji Oyedeji, Ebun Adejuyigbe, Samuel Olorunyomi Oninla, Abiodum Akeem Akindele, Samuel Adeyinka Adedokun, Efeturi Agelebe
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitoses are common amongst people living in developing countries. They may impact negatively on the growth and health of immune competent children. There is paucity of information on the association between HIV and intestinal parasitoses in African children. OBJECTIVE: To identify the intestinal infections responsible for infections in HIV infected children and document characteristics of HIV infected children at a Nigerian teaching hospital...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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